2024/05/06 更新

写真a

ワダ ジュン
和田 淳
WADA Jun
所属
医歯薬学域 教授
職名
教授
外部リンク

学位

  • 医学博士

研究キーワード

  • Diabetes Mellitus

  • 腎臓病学

  • Nephrology

  • 糖尿病

研究分野

  • ライフサイエンス / 腎臓内科学

  • ライフサイエンス / 代謝、内分泌学

学歴

  • 岡山大学    

    - 1992年

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    国名: 日本国

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  • 岡山大学   Medical School  

    - 1988年

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    国名: 日本国

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経歴

  • 岡山大学   腎/免疫・内分泌代謝内科学   教授

    2015年8月 - 現在

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  • 岡山大学   腎・免疫・内分泌代謝内科学   准教授

    2010年1月 - 2015年7月

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  • 文部科学省研究振興局   学術調査官

    2006年8月 - 2008年7月

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  • Northwestern University Medical School   Research Associate

    1992年10月 - 1996年11月

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    国名:アメリカ合衆国

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所属学協会

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委員歴

  • 日本腎臓リハビリテーション学会   理事  

    2023年5月 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本肥満学会   理事  

    2021年10月 - 現在   

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  • 日本腎臓学会   理事  

    2020年4月 - 現在   

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  • 日本糖尿病合併症学会   評議員  

    2017年10月 - 現在   

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  • 日本動脈硬化学会   評議員  

    2017年6月 - 現在   

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  • 膵臓移植地域適応検討委員会   委員  

    2016年5月 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本内科学会   評議員  

    2016年4月 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

    日本内科学会

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  • 日本糖尿病・肥満動物学会   評議員  

    2015年3月 - 現在   

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  • 日本腎臓学会   評議員  

    2013年1月 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本病態栄養学会   学術評議員  

    2011年4月 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本肥満学会   評議員  

    2007年10月 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本糖尿病学会   評議員  

    2004年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

    日本糖尿病学会

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論文

  • A multicenter, open‐label, single‐arm trial of the long‐term safety of empagliflozin treatment for refractory diabetes mellitus with insulin resistance (EMPIRE‐02)

    Yushi Hirota, Yasumasa Kakei, Junta Imai, Hideki Katagiri, Ken Ebihara, Jun Wada, Junichi Suzuki, Tatsuhiko Urakami, Takashi Omori, Wataru Ogawa

    Journal of Diabetes Investigation   2024年5月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.14226

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  • GRP78 Contributes to the Beneficial Effects of SGLT2 Inhibitor on Proximal Tubular Cells in DKD

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Jun Wada

    Diabetes   2024年5月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.2337/db23-0581

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  • Renal outcomes with sodium‐glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors in Japanese people with grade 3 chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes: Analysis of medical administrative databases

    Hiroaki Iijima, Maki Gouda, Hideaki Hida, Kazumi Mori‐Anai, Akiko Takahashi, Ryoichi Minai, Hideki Ninomiya, Yoshiyuki Saito, Atsushi Miyawaki, Jun Wada

    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism   2024年5月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1111/dom.15461

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  • Effects of HIF-PHD inhibitors in kidney development

    Soichiro Haraguchi, Kenji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Nakanoh, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation   2024年3月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfae078

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  • Inhibition of Amino Acids Influx into Proximal Tubular Cells Improves Lysosome Function in Diabetes. 国際誌

    Yuzuki Kano, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Koki Mise, Chieko Kawakita, Yasuhiro Onishi, Naoko Kurooka, Ryosuke Sugawara, Haya Hamed Hassan Albuayjan, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada

    Kidney360   2023年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: Inhibition of glucose influx into proximal tubular cells (PTCs) by sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors revealed prominent therapeutic impacts on diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Collectrin (CLTRN) serves as a chaperone for the trafficking of neutral amino acid transporters in the apical membranes of proximal tubular cells. We investigated the beneficial effects of reduced influx of amino acids into proximal tubular cells in diabetes and obesity model of Cltrn-/y mice. METHODS: Cltrn+/y and Cltrn-/y mice at 5 weeks of age were assigned to standard diet- (STD) and streptozotocin and high fat diet-treated (STZ-HFD) groups. RESULTS: At 22-23 weeks of age, body weight and HbA1c levels significantly increased in STZ-HFD-Cltrn+/y compared to STD-Cltrn+/y; however, they were not altered in STZ-HFD-Cltrn-/y compared to STZ-HFD-Cltrn+/y. At 20 weeks of age, urinary albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) was significantly reduced in STZ-HFD-Cltrn-/y compared to STZ-HFD-Cltrn+/y. Under the treatments with STZ and HFD, the Cltrn gene deficiency caused significant increase in urinary concentration of amino acids such as Gln, His, Gly, Thr, Tyr, Val, Trp, Phe, Ile, Leu and Pro. In proximal tubular cells in STZ-HFD-Cltrn+/y, the enlarged lysosomes with diameter of 10 μm or more were associated with reduced autolysosomes, and the formation of giant lysosomes was prominently suppressed in STZ-HFD-Cltrn-/y. Phospho-mTOR and inactive form of phospho-TFEB were reduced in STZ-HFD-Cltrn-/y compared to STZ-HFD-Cltrn+/y. CONCLUSIONS: The reduction of amino acids influx into proximal tubular cells inactivated mTOR, activated TFEB, improved lysosome function, and ameliorated vacuolar formation of PTCs in STZ-HFD-Cltrn-/y mice.

    DOI: 10.34067/KID.0000000000000333

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  • Kidney Veno-Muscular Characteristics and Kidney Disease Progression: A Native Kidney-Biopsy Study. 国際誌

    Kenji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Nakanoh, Kensaku Takahashi, Takafumi Morita, Yizhen Sang, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Yasuhiro Onishi, Haruhito A Uchida, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Kidney medicine   5 ( 12 )   100733 - 100733   2023年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Assessment of kidney biopsies provides crucial information for diagnosis and disease activity, as well as prognostic value. Kidney-biopsy specimens occasionally contain veno-muscular complex (VMC), which consists of muscle tissues around the kidney venous system in the corticomedullary region. However, the role of VMC and the clinical significance of VMC variants are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated kidney prognostic values of VMC variants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Among 808 patients who underwent a kidney biopsy from 2011 to 2019, 246 patients whose kidney biopsy specimens contained VMC were enrolled. PREDICTORS: VMC variants; inflammatory-VMC (an infiltration of ≥80 inflammatory cells/mm2-VMC area) and VMC hypertrophy (hyper-VMC, a VMC average width ≥850 μm), and the interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) score. OUTCOMES: A decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥40% from the baseline or commencement of kidney replacement therapy. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Among 246 patients with data on VMC, mean baseline eGFR was 56.0±25.6 ml/min per 1.73 m2; 80 had high inflammatory-VMC, and 62 had VMC hypertrophy. There were 51 kidney events over median follow-up of 2.5 years. We analyzed 2 VMC variants. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that eGFR negatively correlated with the presence of both inflammatory-VMC and hyper-VMC. A Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that inflammatory-VMC (but not hyper-VMC) was independently associated with the primary outcome after adjustments for known risk factors of progression, including proteinuria, eGFR, and the interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) score (hazard ratio, 1.97; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-3.91). LIMITATIONS: Single-center study and small sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of inflammatory-VMC provides additional kidney prognostic information to known indicators of kidney disease progression in patients who undergo kidney biopsy. PLAIN-LANGUAGE SUMMARY: Assessment of kidney biopsies provides crucial information for diagnosis, disease activity, and prognostic value. Kidney-biopsy specimens occasionally contain veno-muscular complex (VMC), which consists of muscle tissues around the kidney venous system. Currently, the role of VMC in kidney health and diseases and the clinical significance of VMC variants are poorly understood. In the present study, we have shown that an infiltration of ≥80 inflammatory cells/mm2-VMC area (inflammatory-VMC) is independently associated with kidney disease progression after adjustments for known risk factors of progression. Therefore, assessment of inflammatory-VMC provides additional kidney prognostic information to known indicators of kidney disease progression in patients who undergo kidney biopsy.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.xkme.2023.100733

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  • Preventive effect of culture supernatant of epithelial-like peritoneal mesothelial cells on peritoneal fibrosis. 国際誌

    Kensaku Takahashi, Kenji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Nakanoh, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis   8968608231213577 - 8968608231213577   2023年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) is a primary reason for discontinuing peritoneal dialysis, which involves characteristic changes of peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs). We previously reported preventive effects of implanting human epithelial-like PMCs (P-Epi) for mouse PF caused by mechanical peritoneum scrapings. In the present study, we analysed the preventive effects of culture supernatant of P-Epi in PF. Concentrated culture supernatant of P-Epi or human fibroblast-like PMCs (P-Fibro) or vehicles was injected into nude mice that had undergone mechanical scraping of the parietal and visceral peritoneum, and thickness and amount of adhesions were analysed. Although increased peritoneal adhesions and peritoneum thickening were observed in the vehicle-injected positive control group compared to the sham operation group, fewer number of adhesions and less thickness were observed in the mice treated with culture supernatant of P-Epi, but not P-Fibro, compared to the vehicle-injected positive controls. Immunofluorescent analysis revealed that the expression of extracellular matrix, type I collagen and fibronectin, was lower in the mice treated with culture supernatant of P-Epi than in the vehicle-injected positive controls. In addition, exosomes from P-Epi significantly reduced transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-induced expressions of type I collagen and fibronectin in 3T3 fibroblast cells. Collectively, culture supernatant of P-Epi has preventive effects on PF, thus cell therapy is not necessarily required. Further exploration of substances secreted by P-Epi and their protective mechanisms could lead to the development of therapeutic strategies to limit PF.

    DOI: 10.1177/08968608231213577

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  • Neutrophil Elastase Inhibition by Sivelestat (ONO-5046) Attenuates AngII-induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. 国際誌

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A Uchida, Shugo Okamoto, Nozomu Otaka, Katsuyoshi Katayama, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Jun Wada

    American journal of hypertension   2023年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an arterial disease characterized by dilatation of the aortic wall. It has been suggested that neutrophil counts and neutrophil elastase activity are associated with AAA. We investigated whether a neutrophil elastase (NE) inhibitor, sivelestat (Siv), had a protective effect against angiotensin II (AngII)-induced AAAs. METHODS: Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were assigned into 3 groups: Vehicle+saline, AngII+saline, and AngII+Siv. All mice were administered intraperitoneally with either Siv or vehicle twice daily after AngII infusion. RESULTS: In the 4-week AngII infusion study, plasma NE concentration (p=0.041) and its activity (p=0.011) were elevated by AngII. These increases were attenuated by Siv (concentration:p=0.010, activity:p=0.027). Further, plasma elastase activity was closely correlated with aortic width (R=0.6976, p<0.001). In the 1-week AngII infusion study, plasma and tissue elastase activity increased by AngII (plasma:p=0.034, tissue:p<0.001), but were reduced by Siv (plasma:p=0.014, tissue:p=0.024). AngII increased aortic width (p=0.011) but was attenuated by co-administration of Siv (p=0.022). Moreover, Siv decreased the incidence of AAAs (p=0.009). Elastin fragmentation induced by AngII was reduced by Siv. Many inflammatory cells that were either CD68 or Gr-1 positive were observed in the AngII+saline group, whereas few inflammatory cells were accumulated in the AngII+Siv group. MMP-2 and MMP-9 were enhanced by AngII, but were reduced by Siv. In vitro, MMP-2 activity was induced by human NE (medium:p<0.001, cells:p=0.001), which was attenuated by co-incubation of Siv in medium (p<0.001) and protein of human aortic smooth muscle cells (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Siv attenuated AngII-induced AAA through the inhibition of NE.

    DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpad107

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  • Infliximab biosimilar-induced lupus nephritis: A case report. 国際誌

    Kenta Shidahara, Takayuki Katsuyama, Kei Hirose, Kazuya Matsumoto, Shoichi Nawachi, Takato Nakadoi, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Modern rheumatology case reports   2023年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    We present a case of microhematuria, proteinuria and hypocomplementemia that developed in a 55-year-old female who was being treated with an infliximab biosimilar (IFX-BS) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Renal biopsy showed lupus nephritis (ISN/RPS classification class IV+V). Treatment with the IFX-BS was discontinued, and treatment with prednisolone, hydroxychloroquine and abatacept was started, resulting in clinical remission of lupus nephritis and RA. Although tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors are known to induce production of autoantibodies, symptoms are usually limited to skin involvement or arthritis, and renal complications are rare. Physicians should be aware of the risk of lupus nephritis and carefully monitor patients for the development of renal involvement during treatment with TNF-α inhibitors.

    DOI: 10.1093/mrcr/rxad061

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  • Kidney outcomes associated with haematuria and proteinuria trajectories among patients with IgA nephropathy in real-world clinical practice: The Japan Chronic Kidney Disease Database. 国際誌

    Yuichiro Yano, Hajime Nagasu, Hiroshi Kanegae, Masaomi Nangaku, Yosuke Hirakawa, Yuka Sugawara, Naoki Nakagawa, Jun Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Toshiaki Nakano, Takashi Wada, Miho Shimizu, Hitoshi Suzuki, Hiroyuki Komatsu, Naoki Nakashima, Kaori Kitaoka, Ichiei Narita, Hirokazu Okada, Yusuke Suzuki, Naoki Kashihara

    Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)   2023年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    AIM: Among patients with Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy, we aimed to identify trajectory patterns stratified by the magnitude of haematuria and proteinuria using repeated urine dipstick tests, and assess whether the trajectories were associated with kidney events. METHODS: Using a nationwide multicentre chronic kidney disease (CKD) registry, we analysed data from 889 patients with IgA nephropathy (mean age 49.3 years). The primary outcome was a sustained reduction in eGFR of 50% or more from the index date and thereafter. During follow-up (median 49.0 months), we identified four trajectories (low-stable, moderate-decreasing, moderate-stable, and high-stable) in both urine dipstick haematuria and proteinuria measurements, respectively. RESULTS: In haematuria trajectory analyses, compared to the low-stable group, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) (95% confidence interval [CI]) for kidney events were 2.59 (95% CI, 1.48-4.51) for the high-stable, 2.31 (95% CI, 1.19-4.50) for the moderate-stable, and 1.43 (95% CI, (0.72-2.82) for the moderate-decreasing groups, respectively. When each proteinuria trajectory group was subcategorized according to haematuria trajectories, the proteinuria group with high-stable and with modest-stable haematuria trajectories had approximately 2-times higher risk for eGFR reduction ≥50% compared to that with low-stable haematuria trajectory. CONCLUSION: Assessments of both haematuria and proteinuria trajectories using urine dipstick could identify high-risk IgA nephropathy patients.

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.14250

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  • Role of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high-density lipoprotein binding protein 1 in hypertriglyceridemia and diabetes.

    Naoko Kurooka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada

    Journal of diabetes investigation   14 ( 10 )   1148 - 1156   2023年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    In diabetes, the impairment of insulin secretion and insulin resistance contribute to hypertriglyceridemia, as the enzymatic activity of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) depends on insulin action. The transport of LPL to endothelial cells and its enzymatic activity are maintained by the formation of lipolytic complex depending on the multiple positive (glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high-density lipoprotein binding protein 1 [GPIHBP1], apolipoprotein C-II [APOC2], APOA5, heparan sulfate proteoglycan [HSPG], lipase maturation factor 1 [LFM1] and sel-1 suppressor of lin-12-like [SEL1L]) and negative regulators (APOC1, APOC3, angiopoietin-like proteins [ANGPTL]3, ANGPTL4 and ANGPTL8). Among the regulators, GPIHBP1 is a crucial molecule for the translocation of LPL from parenchymal cells to the luminal surface of capillary endothelial cells, and maintenance of lipolytic activity; that is, hydrolyzation of triglyceride into free fatty acids and monoglyceride, and conversion from chylomicron to chylomicron remnant in the exogenous pathway and from very low-density lipoprotein to low-density lipoprotein in the endogenous pathway. The null mutation of GPIHBP1 causes severe hypertriglyceridemia and pancreatitis, and GPIGBP1 autoantibody syndrome also causes severe hypertriglyceridemia and recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis. In patients with type 2 diabetes, the elevated serum triglyceride levels negatively correlate with circulating LPL levels, and positively with circulating APOC1, APOC3, ANGPTL3, ANGPTL4 and ANGPTL8 levels. In contrast, circulating GPIHBP1 levels are not altered in type 2 diabetes patients with higher serum triglyceride levels, whereas they are elevated in type 2 diabetes patients with diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy. The circulating regulators of lipolytic complex might be new biomarkers for lipid and glucose metabolism, and diabetic vascular complications.

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.14056

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  • Role of Semaphorin 3A in Kidney Development and Diseases. 国際誌

    Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Nakanoh, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland)   13 ( 19 )   2023年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Kidney diseases are worldwide public health problems affecting millions of people. However, there are still limited therapeutic options against kidney diseases. Semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A) is a secreted and membrane-associated protein, which regulates diverse functions, including immune regulation, cell survival, migration and angiogenesis, thus involving in the several pathogeneses of diseases, including eyes and neurons, as well as kidneys. SEMA3A is expressed in podocytes and tubular cells in the normal adult kidney, and recent evidence has revealed that excess SEMA3A expression and the subsequent signaling pathway aggravate kidney injury in a variety of kidney diseases, including nephrotic syndrome, diabetic nephropathy, acute kidney injury, and chronic kidney disease. In addition, several reports have demonstrated that the inhibition of SEMA3A ameliorated kidney injury via a reduction in cell apoptosis, fibrosis and inflammation; thus, SEMA3A may be a potential therapeutic target for kidney diseases. In this review article, we summarized the current knowledge regarding the role of SEMA3A in kidney pathophysiology and their potential use in kidney diseases.

    DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics13193038

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  • MicroRNAs as Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets for Acute Kidney Injury. 国際誌

    Kenji Tsuji, Hiroyuki Nakanoh, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland)   13 ( 18 )   2023年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a clinical syndrome where a rapid decrease in kidney function and/or urine output is observed, which may result in the imbalance of water, electrolytes and acid base. It is associated with poor prognosis and prolonged hospitalization. Therefore, an early diagnosis and treatment to avoid the severe AKI stage are important. While several biomarkers, such as urinary L-FABP and NGAL, can be clinically useful, there is still no gold standard for the early detection of AKI and there are limited therapeutic options against AKI. miRNAs are non-coding and single-stranded RNAs that silence their target genes in the post-transcriptional process and are involved in a wide range of biological processes. Recent accumulated evidence has revealed that miRNAs may be potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for AKI. In this review article, we summarize the current knowledge about miRNAs as promising biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets for AKI, as well as the challenges in their clinical use.

    DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics13182893

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  • The Association of Grit With Burnout Components (Professional Efficacy, Exhaustion, and Cynicism) Among Academic Rheumatologists: The TRUMP 2 -SLE Study. 国際誌

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Kenta Shidahara, Shoichi Nawachi, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Keigo Hayashi, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Nao Oguro, Nobuyuki Yajima, Yuichi Ishikawa, Natsuki Sakurai, Chiharu Hidekawa, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Takanori Ichikawa, Dai Kishida, Yasuhiro Shimojima, Jun Wada, Noriaki Kurita

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   29 ( 6 )   268 - 274   2023年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVES: There is a high prevalence of burnout among rheumatologists. Grit, which is defined as possessing perseverance and a passion to achieve long-term goals, is predictive of success in many professions; however, whether grit is associated with burnout remains unclear, especially among academic rheumatologists, who have multiple simultaneous responsibilities. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the associations between grit and self-reported burnout components-professional efficacy, exhaustion, and cynicism-in academic rheumatologists. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 51 rheumatologists from 5 university hospitals. The exposure was grit, measured using mean scores for the 8-item Short Grit Scale (range, 1-5 [5 = extremely high grit]). The outcome measures were mean scores for 3 burnout domains (exhaustion, professional efficacy, and cynicism; range, 1-6; measured using the 16-item Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey). General linear models were fitted with covariates (age, sex, job title [assistant professor or higher vs lower], marital status, and having children). RESULTS: Overall, 51 physicians (median age, 45 years; interquartile range, 36-57; 76% men) were included. Burnout positivity was found in 68.6% of participants (n = 35/51; 95% confidence interval [CI], 54.1, 80.9). Higher grit was associated with higher professional efficacy (per 1-point increase; 0.51 point; 95% CI, 0.18, 0.84) but not with exhaustion or cynicism. Being male and having children were associated with lower exhaustion (-0.69; 95% CI, -1.28, -0.10; p = 0.02; and -0.85; 95% CI, -1.46, -0.24; p = 0.006). Lower job title (fellow or part-time lecturer) was associated with higher cynicism (0.90; 95% CI, 0.04, 1.75; p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Grit is associated with higher professional efficacy among academic rheumatologists. To prevent burnout among staff, supervisors who manage academic rheumatologists should assess their staff's individual grit.

    DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000001989

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  • Pharmacologic inhibition of PARP5, but not that of PARP1 or 2, promotes cytokine production and osteoclastogenesis through different pathways. 国際誌

    Yosuke Asano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Fang He, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Shigetomo Tsuji, Hiroshi Kamioka, Jose La Rose, Robert Rottapel, Jun Wada

    Clinical and experimental rheumatology   41 ( 9 )   1735 - 1745   2023年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVES: PARPs, which are members of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase superfamily, promote tumorigenesis and tumour-associated inflammation and are thus therapeutic targets for several cancers. The aim of the present study is to investigate the mechanistic insight into the roles PARPs for inflammation. METHODS: Primary murine macrophages were cultured in the presence or absence of the PARP5 inhibitor NVP-TNKS656 to examine the role of PARP5 for cytokine production. RESULTS: In contrast to the roles of other PARPs for induction of inflammation, we found in the present study that pharmacologic inhibition of PARP5 induces production of inflammatory cytokines in primary murine macrophages. We found that treatment with the PARP5 inhibitor NVP-TNKS656 in macrophages enhanced steady-state and LPS-mediated cytokine production through degradation of IκBα and subsequent nuclear translocation of NF-κB. We also found that pharmacologic inhibition of PARP5 stabilises the adaptor protein 3BP2, a substrate of PARP5, and that accelerated cytokine production induced by PARP5 inhibition was rescued in 3BP2-deleted macrophages. Additionally, we found that LPS increases the expression of 3BP2 and AXIN1, a negative regulator of β-catenin, through suppression of PARP5 transcripts in macrophages, leading to further activation of cytokine production and inhibition of β-catenin-mediated cell proliferation, respectively. Lastly, we found that PARP5 inhibition in macrophages promotes osteoclastogenesis through stabilisation of 3BP2 and AXIN1, leading to activation of SRC and suppression of β-catenin, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that pharmacologic inhibition of PARP5 against cancers unexpectedly induces adverse autoinflammatory side effects through activation of innate immunity, unlike inhibition of other PARPs.

    DOI: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/qf55h8

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  • Urinary growth differentiation factor 15 predicts renal function decline in diabetic kidney disease. 国際誌

    Toma Oshita, Shun Watanabe, Takafumi Toyohara, Ryota Kujirai, Koichi Kikuchi, Takehiro Suzuki, Chitose Suzuki, Yotaro Matsumoto, Jun Wada, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Takaaki Abe

    Scientific reports   13 ( 1 )   12508 - 12508   2023年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Sensitive biomarkers can enhance the diagnosis, prognosis, and surveillance of chronic kidney disease (CKD), such as diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Plasma growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) levels are a novel biomarker for mitochondria-associated diseases; however, it may not be a useful indicator for CKD as its levels increase with declining renal function. This study explores urinary GDF15's potential as a marker for CKD. The plasma and urinary GDF15 as well as 15 uremic toxins were measured in 103 patients with CKD. The relationship between the urinary GDF15-creatinine ratio and the uremic toxins and other clinical characteristics was investigated. Urinary GDF15-creatinine ratios were less related to renal function and uremic toxin levels compared to plasma GDF15. Additionally, the ratios were significantly higher in patients with CKD patients with diabetes (p = 0.0012) and reduced with statin treatment. In a different retrospective DKD cohort study (U-CARE, n = 342), multiple and logistic regression analyses revealed that the baseline urinary GDF15-creatinine ratios predicted a decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over 2 years. Compared to the plasma GDF15 level, the urinary GDF15-creatinine ratio is less dependent on renal function and sensitively fluctuates with diabetes and statin treatment. It may serve as a good prognostic marker for renal function decline in patients with DKD similar to the urine albumin-creatinine ratio.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-39657-7

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  • Co-occurrence of Three Systemic Diseases: ANCA-associated Vasculitis, Sjögren's syndrome and Sarcoidosis.

    Kenji Tsuji, Yuka Okuyama, Yosuke Asano, Kimitomo Yamaoka, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   62 ( 15 )   2215 - 2221   2023年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), Sjögren's syndrome (SjS), and sarcoidosis are systemic diseases targeting multiple organs. While a careful differential diagnosis of these diseases is often required, their co-occurrence in the same patient has been previously reported. We herein report a 58-year-old Japanese man diagnosed with the co-occurrence of three systemic diseases (AAV, SjS, and sarcoidosis) in addition to monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), which emphasizes the importance of considering the possible co-occurrence of these diseases as well as their differentiation.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.0966-22

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  • Immunosuppressive Treatment for an anti-U1 Ribonucleoprotein Antibody-positive Patient with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Case Report.

    Kazuya Matsumoto, Yoshia Miyawaki, Takayuki Katsuyama, Takato Nakadoi, Kenta Shidahara, Kei Hirose, Shoichi Nawachi, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Atsushi Mori, Satoshi Akagi, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   2023年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A 34-year-old woman with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) was admitted to the hospital. She had been diagnosed with PAH three years earlier and treated with triple vasodilator therapy. She was positive for anti-U1 ribonucleoprotein antibodies but did not show any other symptoms associated with autoimmune diseases. Corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide therapy was administered, suspecting the involvement of immunological pathophysiology. After 3 weeks, the mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased from 50 to 38 mmHg without any change in the vasodilators. Immunosuppressive therapy was effective in this patient with PAH with an anti-U1 ribonucleoprotein-antibody-positive response and might be an option for patients with these specific features.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1407-22

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  • Retroperitoneal Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor Mimicking Adrenal Malignant Tumor in a 67-Year-Old Man. 国際誌

    Takahiro Ishii, Tomohiro Terasaka, Kenji Nishida, Jun Wada

    JCEM case reports   1 ( 4 )   luad090   2023年7月

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    記述言語:英語  

    Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) is a low-grade malignant tumor of the pancreas. SPT typically affects women and can occur in ectopic pancreatic region; however, it also occurs rarely in retroperitoneum. The tumor may be bulky at the time of diagnosis since there is no specific clinical manifestation. Here we present an older male case with retroperitoneal SPT. A 67-year-old man consulted for intermittent fever and lumbago. His basal hormonal profile screened out a functional tumor. Computed tomography (CT) showed a gigantic mass in his left adrenal region. A normal left adrenal gland was not identified, and the tumor's feeding artery was recognized as the left adrenal artery by the contrast-enhanced CT. Adrenal malignant tumor was suspected, and tumor resection was performed. The resected tumor size was 15 × 10 × 9 cm. Histologically, epithelial-like cells with round nuclei and a small amount of eosinophilic cytoplasm proliferated in papillary (around the blood vessels) or uniformly solid form. By immunostaining, tumor cells were vimentin, CD56, cytokeratin AE1/AE3, CD10, β-catenin in the nucleus, cyclin D1, and PgR positive. These findings led to the diagnosis of SPT. Although rare, SPT should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of a mass arising from the adrenal region.

    DOI: 10.1210/jcemcr/luad090

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  • NDUFS4 Regulates Cristae Remodeling in Diabetic Kidney Disease

    Farhad Danesh, Koki Mise, Jianyin Long, Daniel Galvan, Zengchun Ye, Guizhen Fan, Irina Serysheva, Travis Moore, Jun Wada, Paul Schumacker, Benny Chang

    2023年6月

  • Brown Adipose Tissue PPARγ Is Required for the Insulin-Sensitizing Action of Thiazolidinediones.

    Yusuke Shibata, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   77 ( 3 )   243 - 254   2023年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a critical role in metabolic homeostasis. BAT dysfunction is associated with the development of obesity through an imbalance between energy expenditure and energy intake. The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is the master regulator of adipogenesis. However, the roles of PPARγ and thiazolidinediones (TZDs) in the regulation of BAT metabolism remain unclear. TZDs, which are selective PPARγ activators, improve systemic insulin resistance in animals and humans. In the present study, we generated brown adipocyte-specific PPARγ-deficient mice (BATγKO) to examine the in vivo roles of PPARγ and TZDs in BAT metabolism. In electron microscopic examinations, brown adipocyte-specific PPARγ deletion promoted severe whitening of brown fat and morphological alteration of mitochondria. Brown adipocyte-specific PPARγ deletion also reduced mRNA expression of BATselective genes. Although there was no difference in energy expenditure between control and BATγKO mice in calorimetry, norepinephrine-induced thermogenesis was impaired in BATγKO mice. Moreover, pioglitazone treatment improved diet-induced insulin resistance in the control mice but not in the BATγKO mice. These findings suggest that BAT PPARγ is necessary for the maintenance of brown adipocyte function and for the insulin-sensitizing action of TZDs.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/65489

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  • Effects of Agalsidase Alfa Enzyme Replacement Therapy on Left Ventricular Hypertrophy on Electrocardiogram in a Female Patient with Fabry Disease.

    Kazufumi Nakamura, Hiroshi Morita, Yoichi Takaya, Yukihiro Saito, Toru Miyoshi, Hiroshi Morinaga, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    International heart journal   64 ( 3 )   502 - 505   2023年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by defective enzyme activity of α-galactosidase A and treated with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant α-galactosidase. ERT reduces left ventricular mass assessed by echocardiography or magnetic resonance imaging. However, electrocardiogram changes during ERT have not been fully elucidated. In the present case, ERT with agalsidase alfa for 4 years decreased QRS voltage and negative T depth along with a reduction of left ventricular mass and wall thickness and improvement of symptoms in a female patient with Fabry disease. Long-term observation of electrocardiogram changes might be useful for determining the efficacy of ERT in this case.

    DOI: 10.1536/ihj.22-752

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  • Amelioration of nephritis in receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE)-deficient lupus-prone mice through neutrophil extracellular traps. 国際誌

    Haruki Watanabe, Masataka Kubo, Akihiko Taniguchi, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Sonia Zeggar, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Myoungsun Son, Jun Wada

    Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)   250   109317 - 109317   2023年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a pattern recognition receptor that regulates inflammation, cell migration, and cell fate. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multiorgan autoimmune disease. To understand the function of RAGE in SLE, we generated RAGE-deficient (Ager-/-) lupus-prone mice by backcrossing MRL/MpJ-Faslpr/J (MRL-lpr) mice with Ager-/- C57BL/6 mice. In 18-week-old Ager-/- MRL-lpr, the weights of the spleen and lymph nodes, as well as the frequency of CD3+CD4-CD8- cells, were significantly decreased. Ager-/- MRL-lpr mice had significantly reduced urine albumin/creatinine ratios and markedly improved renal pathological scores. Moreover, neutrophil infiltration and neutrophil extracellular trap formation in the glomerulus were significantly reduced in Ager-/- MRL-lpr. Our study is the first to reveal that RAGE can have a pathologic role in immune cells, particularly neutrophils and T cells, in inflammatory tissues and suggests that the inhibition of RAGE may be a potential therapeutic strategy for SLE.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.clim.2023.109317

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  • Association of alcohol consumption and fatigue in SLE: A cross-sectional study from Lupus Registry of Nationwide Institution (LUNA) cohort. 国際誌

    Yu Katayama, Yoshia Miyawaki, Kenta Shidahara, Shoichi Nawachi, Yosuke Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ken-Ei Sada, Nobuyuki Yajima, Yasuhiro Shimojima, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Kunihiro Ichinose, Hiroshi Kajiyama, Michio Fujiwara, Shuzo Sato, Jun Wada

    Lupus   32 ( 4 )   531 - 537   2023年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is one of the most common complaints and is a potentially modifiable issue in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Studies suggest that alcohol consumption has a protective effect against the development of SLE; however, an association between alcohol consumption and fatigue in patients with SLE has not been studied. Here, we assessed whether alcohol consumption was associated with fatigue using lupus patient-reported outcomes (LupusPRO). METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted between 2018 and 2019, included 534 patients (median age, 45 years; 87.3% female) from 10 institutions in Japan. The main exposure was alcohol consumption, which was defined as the frequency of drinking [<1 day/month (none group), ≤1 day/week (moderate group), and ≥2 days/week (frequent group)]. The outcome measure was the Pain Vitality domain score in LupusPRO. Multiple regression analysis was performed as the primary analysis after adjusting for confounding factors, such as age, sex, and damage. Subsequently, the same analysis was performed as a sensitivity analysis after multiple imputations (MIs) for missing data (n = 580). RESULTS: In total, 326 (61.0%) patients were categorized into the none group, 121 (22.7%) into the moderate group, and 87 (16.3%) into the frequent group. The frequent group was independently associated with less fatigue compared with none group [β = 5.98 (95% CI 0.19-11.76), p = 0.04], and the results did not substantially deviate after MI. CONCLUSIONS: Frequent drinking was associated with less fatigue, which highlights the need for further longitudinal studies focusing on drinking habits in patients with SLE.

    DOI: 10.1177/09612033231159471

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  • The Effect of Medical Cooperation in the CKD Patients: 10-Year Multicenter Cohort Study. 国際誌

    Yasuhiro Onishi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yohei Maeshima, Yuka Okuyama, Nozomu Otaka, Haruyo Ujike, Keiko Tanaka, Hidemi Takeuchi, Kenji Tsuji, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masaru Kinomura, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Kosuke Ota, Keisuke Maruyama, Makoto Hiramatsu, Yoshiyuki Oshiro, Shigeru Morioka, Keiichi Takiue, Kazuyoshi Omori, Masaki Fukushima, Naoyuki Gamou, Hiroshi Hirata, Ryosuke Sato, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    Journal of personalized medicine   13 ( 4 )   2023年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    INTRODUCTION: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most important contributors to mortality from non-communicable diseases, the number of nephrologists is limited worldwide. Medical cooperation is a system of cooperation between primary care physicians and nephrological institutions, consisting of nephrologists and multidisciplinary care teams. Although it has been reported that multidisciplinary care teams contribute to the prevention of worsening renal functions and cardiovascular events, there are few studies on the effect of a medical cooperation system. METHODS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of medical cooperation on all-cause mortality and renal prognosis in patients with CKD. One hundred and sixty-eight patients who visited the one hundred and sixty-three clinics and seven general hospitals of Okayama city were recruited between December 2009 and September 2016, and one hundred twenty-three patients were classified into a medical cooperation group. The outcome was defined as the incidence of all-cause mortality, or renal composite outcome (end-stage renal disease or 50% eGFR decline). We evaluated the effects on renal composite outcome and pre-ESRD mortality while incorporating the competing risk for the alternate outcome into a Fine-Gray subdistribution hazard model. RESULTS: The medical cooperation group had more patients with glomerulonephritis (35.0% vs. 2.2%) and less nephrosclerosis (35.0% vs. 64.5%) than the primary care group. Throughout the follow-up period of 5.59 ± 2.78 years, 23 participants (13.7%) died, 41 participants (24.4%) reached 50% decline in eGFR, and 37 participants (22.0%) developed end-stage renal disease (ESRD). All-cause mortality was significantly reduced by medical cooperation (sHR 0.297, 95% CI 0.105-0.835, p = 0.021). However, there was a significant association between medical cooperation and CKD progression (sHR 3.069, 95% CI 1.225-7.687, p = 0.017). CONCLUSION: We evaluated mortality and ESRD using a CKD cohort with a long-term observation period and concluded that medical cooperation might be expected to influence the quality of medical care in the patients with CKD.

    DOI: 10.3390/jpm13040582

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  • Serum sCD40L and IL-31 in Association with Early Phase of IgA Nephropathy. 国際誌

    Keiko Tanaka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Yuzuki Kano, Yasuhiro Onishi, Koki Mise, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical medicine   12 ( 5 )   2023年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is a major cause of chronic glomerulonephritis worldwide. T cell dysregulation has been reported to contribute to the pathogenesis of IgAN. Methods We measured a broad range of Th1, Th2 and Th17 cytokines in the serum of IgAN patients. We searched for significant cytokines, which were associated with clinical parameters and histological scores in IgAN patients. RESULTS: Among 15 cytokines, the levels of soluble CD40L (sCD40L) and IL-31 were higher in IgAN patients and were significantly associated with a higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a lower urinary protein to creatinine ratio (UPCR), and milder tubulointerstitial lesions (i.e., the early phase of IgAN). Multivariate analysis revealed that serum sCD40L was an independent determinant of a lower UPCR after adjustment for age, eGFR, and mean blood pressure (MBP). CD40, a receptor of sCD40L, has been reported to be upregulated on mesangial cells in IgAN. The sCD40L/CD40 interaction may directly induce inflammation in mesangial areas and may therefore be involved in the development of IgAN. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated the significance of serum sCD40L and IL-31 in the early phase of IgAN. Serum sCD40L may be a marker of the beginning of inflammation in IgAN.

    DOI: 10.3390/jcm12052023

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  • Association between Urinary Creatinine Excretion and Hypothyroidism in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease. 国際誌

    Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Kenji Tsuji, Kensaku Takahashi, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Hidemi Takeuchi, Shinji Kitamura, Kenichi Inagaki, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland)   13 ( 4 )   2023年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    While hypothyroidism increases serum creatinine (Cr) levels, it is uncertain whether the elevation is mediated via a decline in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or the reflection of enhanced Cr production from the muscles or both. In the present study, we explored an association between urinary Cr excretion rate (CER) and hypothyroidism. A total of 553 patients with chronic kidney disease were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to explore the association between hypothyroidism and urinary CER. The mean urinary CER was 1.01 ± 0.38 g/day and 121 patients (22%) had hypothyroidism. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed explanatory variables with urinary CER, including age, sex, body mass index, 24 h Cr clearance (24hrCcr), and albumin while hypothyroidism was not considered an independent explanatory variable. In addition, scatter plot analysis with regression fit line representing the association between estimated GFR calculated using s-Cr (eGFRcre) and 24hrCcr revealed that eGFRcre and 24hrCcr had strong correlations with each other in hypothyroid patients as well as euthyroid patients. Collectively, hypothyroidism was not considered an independent explanatory variable for urinary CER in the present study and eGFRcre is a useful marker to evaluate kidney function regardless of the presence of hypothyroidism.

    DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics13040669

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  • Suramin prevents the development of diabetic kidney disease by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in KK-Ay mice.

    Kaori Oda, Satoshi Miyamoto, Ryo Kodera, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata

    Journal of diabetes investigation   14 ( 2 )   205 - 220   2023年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes produce IL-18 upon being activated by various stimuli via the P2 receptors. Previously, we showed that serum and urine IL-18 levels are positively associated with albuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes, indicating the involvement of inflammasome activation in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). In the present study, we investigated whether the administration of suramin, a nonselective antagonist of the P2 receptors, protects diabetic KK.Cg-Ay /TaJcl (KK-Ay) mice against DKD progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Suramin or saline was administered i.p. to KK-Ay and C57BL/6J mice once every 2 weeks for a period of 8 weeks. Mouse mesangial cells (MMCs) were stimulated with ATP in the presence or absence of suramin. RESULTS: Suramin treatment significantly suppressed the increase in the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio, glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial matrix expansion, and glomerular fibrosis in KK-Ay mice. Suramin also suppressed the upregulation of NLRP3 inflammasome-related genes and proteins in the renal cortex of KK-Ay mice. P2X4 and P2X7 receptors were significantly upregulated in the isolated glomeruli of KK-Ay mice and mainly distributed in the glomerular mesangial cells of KK-Ay mice. Although neither ATP nor suramin affected NLRP3 expression in MMCs, suramin inhibited ATP-induced NLRP3 complex formation and the downstream expression of caspase-1 and IL-18 in MMCs. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the NLRP3 inflammasome is activated in a diabetic kidney and that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome with suramin protects against the progression of early stage DKD.

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13930

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  • Genome-wide association study of the risk of chronic kidney disease and kidney-related traits in the Japanese population: J-Kidney-Biobank. 国際誌

    Yuka Sugawara, Yosuke Hirakawa, Hajime Nagasu, Akira Narita, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Wada, Miho Shimizu, Takashi Wada, Hiromasa Kitamura, Toshiaki Nakano, Hideki Yokoi, Motoko Yanagita, Shin Goto, Ichiei Narita, Seizo Koshiba, Gen Tamiya, Masaomi Nangaku, Masayuki Yamamoto, Naoki Kashihara

    Journal of human genetics   68 ( 2 )   55 - 64   2023年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a syndrome characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function with decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), which may be accompanied by an increase in the urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR). Although trans-ethnic genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have been conducted for kidney-related traits, there have been few analyses in the Japanese population, especially for the UACR trait. In this study, we conducted a GWAS to identify loci related to multiple kidney-related traits in Japanese individuals. First, to detect loci associated with CKD, eGFR, and UACR, we performed separate GWASs with the following two datasets: 475 cases of CKD diagnosed at seven university hospitals and 3471 healthy subjects (dataset 1) and 3664 cases of CKD-suspected individuals with eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or urinary protein ≥ 1+ and 5952 healthy subjects (dataset 2). Second, we performed a meta-analysis between these two datasets and detected the following associated loci: 10 loci for CKD, 9 loci for eGFR, and 22 loci for UACR. Among the loci detected, 22 have never been reported previously. Half of the significant loci for CKD were shared with those for eGFR, whereas most of the loci associated with UACR were different from those associated with CKD or eGFR. The GWAS of the Japanese population identified novel genetic components that were not previously detected. The results also suggest that the group primarily characterized by increased UACR possessed genetically different features from the group characterized by decreased eGFR.

    DOI: 10.1038/s10038-022-01094-1

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  • Metformin and Its Immune-Mediated Effects in Various Diseases. 国際誌

    Ichiro Nojima, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   24 ( 1 )   2023年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Metformin has been a long-standing prescribed drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and its beneficial effects on virus infection, autoimmune diseases, aging and cancers are also recognized. Metformin modulates the differentiation and activation of various immune-mediated cells such as CD4+ and CD+8 T cells. The activation of adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway may be involved in this process. Recent studies using Extracellular Flux Analyzer demonstrated that metformin alters the activities of glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), lipid oxidation, and glutaminolysis, which tightly link to the modulation of cytokine production in CD4+ and CD+8 T cells in various disease states, such as virus infection, autoimmune diseases, aging and cancers.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms24010755

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  • Editorial: Myriad types of cell death in nephropathy and their veiled potential. 国際誌

    Jun Wada, Rashmi S Tupe, Isha Sharma

    Frontiers in endocrinology   14   1251148 - 1251148   2023年

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  • E3-ubiquitin ligases and recent progress in osteoimmunology. 国際誌

    Yosuke Asano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada, Robert Rottapel

    Frontiers in immunology   14   1120710 - 1120710   2023年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation is a post-transcriptional protein modification that is comprised of various components including the 76-amino acid protein ubiquitin (Ub), Ub-activating enzyme (E1), Ub-conjugating enzyme (E2), ubiquitin ligase (E3), deubiquitinating enzyme (DUB) and proteasome. We and others have recently provided genetic evidence showing that E3-ubiquitin ligases are associated with bone metabolism, the immune system and inflammation through ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation of their substrates. Dysregulation of the E3-ubiquitin ligase RNF146-mediated degradation of the adaptor protein 3BP2 (SH3 domain-binding protein 2) causes cherubism, an autosomal dominant disorder associated with severe inflammatory craniofacial dysmorphia syndrome in children. In this review, on the basis of our discoveries in cherubism, we summarize new insights into the roles of E3-ubiquitin ligases in the development of human disorders caused by an abnormal osteoimmune system by highlighting recent genetic evidence obtained in both human and animal model studies.

    DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2023.1120710

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  • Effect of Low-Density Lipoprotein Apheresis on Quality of Life in Patients with Diabetes, Proteinuria, and Hypercholesterolemia. 国際誌

    Akinori Hara, Takashi Wada, Eri Muso, Shoichi Maruyama, Sawako Kato, Kengo Furuichi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Tadashi Toyama, Norihiko Sakai, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Mariko Miyazaki, Eiichi Sato, Masanori Abe, Yugo Shibagaki, Ichiei Narita, Shin Goto, Yuichi Sakamaki, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Noriko Mori, Satoshi Tanaka, Yukio Yuzawa, Midori Hasegawa, Takeshi Matsubara, Jun Wada, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Kosuke Masutani, Yasuhiro Abe, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Shouichi Fujimoto, Shuji Iwatsubo, Akihiro Tsuda, Hitoshi Suzuki, Kenji Kasuno, Yoshio Terada, Takeshi Nakata, Noriaki Iino, Tadashi Sofue, Hitomi Miyata, Toshiaki Nakano, Takayasu Ohtake, Shuzo Kobayashi

    Blood purification   52 ( 4 )   373 - 381   2023年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    INTRODUCTION: Treating diabetic nephropathy with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis reduces proteinuria and improves prognosis. However, its impact on patients' quality of life (QoL) is unclear. This study evaluated the effect of LDL apheresis on QoL in patients with diabetes, proteinuria, and hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: In this nationwide multicenter prospective study, we enrolled 40 patients with diabetes. Inclusion criteria were proteinuria (defined as an albumin/creatinine ratio ≥3 g/g), serum creatinine levels <2 mg/dL, and serum LDL ≥120 mg/dL despite drug treatment. LDL apheresis was performed 6-12 times within 12 weeks. The 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to analyze QoL. RESULTS: The study enrolled 35 patients (27 men and 8 women; mean age 58.9 ± 11.9 years). A comparison of baseline SF-36 values with those at the end of the course of apheresis found an improvement in the mean physical component summary (37.9 ± 11.4 vs. 40.6 ± 10.5, p = 0.051) and a significant increase in the mean mental component summary (MCS) (49.4 ± 8.4 vs. 52.5 ± 10.9, p = 0.026). A multivariable linear regression analysis revealed a history of coronary heart disease negatively correlated with the MCS increase at the end of the course of apheresis (β coefficient -6.935, 95% confidence interval, 13.313 to-0.556, p = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that LDL apheresis may improve the mental and physical QoL in patients with diabetes, proteinuria, and hypercholesterolemia.

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  • Cover Image, Volume 24, Issue 12

    Takashi Kadowaki, Hiroshi Maegawa, Hirotaka Watada, Daisuke Yabe, Koichi Node, Toyoaki Murohara, Jun Wada

    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism   2022年12月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1111/dom.14114

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  • Efficacy and Safety of Esaxerenone in Hypertensive Patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease: A Multicenter, Open-Label, Prospective Study

    Haruhito A. Uchida, Hirofumi Nakajima, Masami Hashimoto, Akihiko Nakamura, Tomokazu Nunoue, Kazuharu Murakami, Takeshi Hosoya, Kiichi Komoto, Takashi Taguchi, Takaaki Akasaka, Kazuhito Shiosakai, Kotaro Sugimoto, Jun Wada

    ADVANCES IN THERAPY   39 ( 11 )   5158 - 5175   2022年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Introduction Clinical data of esaxerenone in hypertensive patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) are lacking. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of esaxerenone in patients with DKD and an inadequate response to blood pressure (BP)-lowering treatment. Methods In this multicenter, open-label, prospective study, patients were divided into urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio subcohorts (UACR < 30, 30 to < 300, and 300 to < 1000 mg/gCr). Esaxerenone was initiated at 1.25 mg/day and followed by incremental dose escalation based on BP and serum potassium level monitoring. The treatment period was 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was change in morning home systolic BP/diastolic BP (SBP/DBP) from baseline to end of treatment (EOT). Secondary endpoints included achievement rate of target BP, change in UACR from baseline, and safety. Results In total, 113 patients were enrolled. Morning home SBP/DBP significantly decreased from baseline to EOT in the total population (- 11.6/- 5.2 mmHg, both p < 0.001) and in all UACR subcohorts (all p < 0.001). The target BP achievement rate was 38.5%. Significant reductions in bedtime home and office BPs were also shown in the total population and all UACR subcohorts. UACR significantly improved from baseline to EOT in the total (- 50.9%, p < 0.001) and all UACR subcohorts (all p < 0.001). Incidence of serum potassium elevation as drug-related treatment emergent adverse events was 2.7%. The change from baseline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was - 4.8 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Conclusion Esaxerenone demonstrated a BP-lowering effect and improved albuminuria. The effects were consistent regardless of the severity of albuminuria without clinically relevant serum potassium elevation and eGFR reduction.

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  • A case of recurrent IgG4-related disease successfully treated with belimumab after remission of systemic lupus erythematosus

    Yu Katayama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Kenta Shidahara, Shoichi Nawachi, Yosuke Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    RHEUMATOLOGY   61 ( 10 )   E308 - E310   2022年10月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/keac284

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  • Effects of Wnt-beta-Catenin Signaling and Sclerostin on the Phenotypes of Rat Pheochromocytoma PC12 Cells

    Eisaku Morimoto, Kenichi Inagaki, Motoshi Komatsubara, Tomohiro Terasaka, Yoshihiko Itoh, Satoshi Fujisawa, Erika Sasaki, Yuki Nishiyama, Takayuki Hara, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF THE ENDOCRINE SOCIETY   6 ( 10 )   2022年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are classified into 3 major categories with distinct driver genes: pseudohypoxia, kinase signaling, and Wnt-altered subtypes. PPGLs in the Wnt-altered subtype are sporadic and tend to be aggressive with metastasis, where somatic gene fusions affecting mastermind-like 3 (MAML3) and somatic mutations in cold shock domain containing E1 (CSDE1) cause overactivation of Wnt-beta-catenin signaling. However, the relation between Wnt-beta-catenin signaling and the biological behavior of PPGLs remains unexplored. In rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, Wnt3a treatment enhanced cell proliferation and suppressed mRNA expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme of catecholamine biosynthesis, and dopamine secretion. We identified the expression of sclerostin in PC12 cells, which is known as an osteocyte-derived negative regulator for Wnt signaling-driven bone formation. Inhibition of endogenous Wnt pathway by XAV939 or sclerostin resulted in attenuated cell proliferation and increased TH expression. Furthermore, Wnt3a pretreatment suppressed bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-induced Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation whereas BMPs enhanced sclerostin expression in PC12 cells. In the Wnt-altered subtype, the increased Wnt-beta-catenin pathway may contribute the aggressive clinical behavior with reduced catecholamine production. Furthermore, upregulated expression of sclerostin by BMPs may explain the osteolytic metastatic lesions observed in metastatic PPGLs.

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  • Simulation for ultrasound-guided renal biopsy using boiled egg

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Haruhito A. Uchida, Jun Wada

    NEPHROLOGY   27 ( 9 )   753 - 757   2022年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Real-time ultrasound-guided renal biopsy is generally applied to diagnose multiple kidney diseases. A practical simulation model is desired since it is an invasive technique with higher risks of complications such as bleeding. We developed a simple simulation tool for ultrasound-guided renal biopsy using boiled eggs. Boiled chicken eggs were embedded in the agar, and a biopsy simulation was performed using a real-time ultrasound-guided technique as the renal biopsy simulator by trainees and biopsy-proficient nephrologists, and the feedback from the participants was obtained. The ultrasonographic evaluation revealed a clear contrast between egg yolk and white, which clearly mimicked the kidney cortex and medulla region. In addition, we observed the needle entering the egg white under needle penetration, and we obtained the biopsy core consisting of egg white. As for the simulations, all the participants succeeded in obtaining the appropriate samples. A total of 92% of the trainees agreed that the simulation could reduce their fears of performing renal biopsies in patients. In addition, all the trainees and biopsy-proficient nephrologists recommend using the simulator for trainees before conducting renal biopsies on patients. The total cost of the simulator was low (<USD 1/simulator). Collectively, our simulation tool using boiled eggs may be a good candidate for practical simulation models of renal biopsy.

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  • The association between hypothyroidism and proteinuria in patients with chronic kidney disease: a cross-sectional study

    Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Kenji Tsuji, Yizhen Sang, Kensaku Takahashi, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Hidemi Takeuchi, Kenichi Inagaki, Haruhito A. Uchida, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   12 ( 1 )   2022年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PORTFOLIO  

    Hypothyroidism is known to be correlated with kidney function and nephrotic range proteinuria. However, it is uncertain whether non-nephrotic proteinuria is associated with hypothyroidism. This study aimed to evaluate the association of proteinuria and hypothyroidism in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study composed of 421 CKD patients in a single hospital with measurements of 24-h urine protein excretion (UP) and thyroid function tests. Spearman correlation analysis revealed that 24-h Cr clearance (24hrCcr) was positively (r = 0.273, p < 0.001) and UP was negatively (r = - 0.207, p < 0.001) correlated with free triiodothyronine. Frequency distribution analysis stratified by CKD stage and UP for hypothyroidism revealed that the prevalence of hypothyroidism was higher among participants with higher CKD stage and nephrotic range proteinuria. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that 24hrCcr and UP were significantly correlated with hypothyroidism (24hrCcr/10 mL/min decrease: odds ratio [OR], 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-1.41; UP/1 g increase: OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.03-1.17). In addition, nephrotic range proteinuria, but not moderate UP (UP: 1.5-3.49 g/day), was significantly correlated with hypothyroidism compared to UP < 0.5 g/day. In summary, decreased kidney function and nephrotic range proteinuria, not non-nephrotic proteinuria, are independently associated with the hypothyroidism.

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  • Cilostazol Attenuates AngII-Induced Cardiac Fibrosis in apoE Deficient Mice

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Masashi Yoshida, Jun Wada

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   23 ( 16 )   2022年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Cardiac fibrosis is characterized by the net accumulation of extracellular matrix in the myocardium and is an integral component of most pathological cardiac conditions. Cilostazol, a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase type III with anti-platelet, anti-mitogenic, and vasodilating properties, is widely used to treat the ischemic symptoms of peripheral vascular disease. Here, we investigated whether cilostazol has a protective effect against Angiotensin II (AngII)-induced cardiac fibrosis. Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed either a normal diet or a diet containing cilostazol (0.1% wt/wt). After 1 week of diet consumption, the mice were infused with saline or AngII (1000 ng kg(-1) min(-1)) for 28 days. AngII infusion increased heart/body weight ratio (p < 0.05), perivascular fibrosis (p < 0.05), and interstitial cardiac fibrosis (p < 0.0001), but were significantly attenuated by cilostazol treatment (p < 0.05, respectively). Cilostazol also reduced AngII-induced increases in fibrotic and inflammatory gene expression (p < 0.05, respectively). Furthermore, cilostazol attenuated both protein and mRNA abundance of osteopontin induced by AngII in vivo. In cultured human cardiac myocytes, cilostazol reduced mRNA expression of AngII-induced osteopontin in dose-dependent manner. This reduction was mimicked by forskolin treatment but was cancelled by co-treatment of H-89. Cilostazol attenuates AngII-induced cardiac fibrosis in mice through activation of the cAMP-PKA pathway.

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  • Interconnection between cardiovascular, renal and metabolic disorders: A narrative review with a focus on Japan

    Takashi Kadowaki, Hiroshi Maegawa, Hirotaka Watada, Daisuke Yabe, Koichi Node, Toyoaki Murohara, Jun Wada

    DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM   2022年8月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Insights from epidemiological, clinical and basic research are illuminating the interplay between metabolic disorders, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and kidney dysfunction, termed cardio-renal-metabolic (CRM) disease. Broadly defined, CRM disease involves multidirectional interactions between metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), various types of CVD and chronic kidney disease (CKD). T2D confers increased risk for heart failure, which-although well known-has only recently come into focus for treatment, and may differ by ethnicity, whereas atherosclerotic heart disease is a well-established complication of T2D. Many people with T2D also have CKD, with a higher risk in Asians than their Western counterparts. Furthermore, CVD increases the risk of CKD and vice versa, with heart failure, notably, present in approximately half of CKD patients. Molecular mechanisms involved in CRM disease include hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, hyperactivity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, production of advanced glycation end-products, oxidative stress, lipotoxicity, endoplasmic reticulum stress, calcium-handling abnormalities, mitochondrial malfunction and deficient energy production, and chronic inflammation. Pathophysiological manifestations of these processes include diabetic cardiomyopathy, vascular endothelial dysfunction, cardiac and renal fibrosis, glomerular hyperfiltration, renal hypoperfusion and venous congestion, reduced exercise tolerance leading to metabolic dysfunction, and calcification of atherosclerotic plaque. Importantly, recognition of the interaction between CRM diseases would enable a more holistic approach to CRM care, rather than isolated treatment of individual conditions, which may improve patient outcomes. Finally, aspects of CRM diseases may differ between Western and East Asian countries such as Japan, a super-ageing country, with potential differences in epidemiology, complications and prognosis that represent an important avenue for future research.

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  • Edaravone Attenuated Angiotensin II-Induced Atherosclerosis and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice

    Haruhito A. Uchida, Tetsuharu Takatsuka, Yoshiko Hada, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Kenichi Shikata, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Jun Wada

    BIOMOLECULES   12 ( 8 )   2022年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Background: The aim of the study was to define whether edaravone, a free-radical scavenger, influenced angiotensin II (AngII)-induced atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) formation. Methods: Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice (8-12 weeks old) were fed with a normal diet for 5 weeks. Either edaravone (10 mg/kg/day) or vehicle was injected intraperitoneally for 5 weeks. After 1 week of injections, mice were infused subcutaneously with either AngII (1000 ng/kg/min, n = 16-17 per group) or saline (n = 5 per group) by osmotic minipumps for 4 weeks. Results: AngII increased systolic blood pressure equivalently in mice administered with either edaravone or saline. Edaravone had no effect on plasma total cholesterol concentrations and body weights. AngII infusion significantly increased ex vivo maximal diameters of abdominal aortas and en face atherosclerosis but was significantly attenuated by edaravone administration. Edaravone also reduced the incidence of AngII-induced AAAs. In addition, edaravone diminished AngII-induced aortic MMP-2 activation. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed that edaravone ameliorated mRNA abundance of aortic MCP-1 and IL-1 beta. Immunostaining demonstrated that edaravone attenuated oxidative stress and macrophage accumulation in the aorta. Furthermore, edaravone administration suppressed thioglycolate-induced mice peritoneal macrophages (MPMs) accumulation and mRNA abundance of MCP-1 in MPMs in male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. In vitro, edaravone reduced LPS-induced mRNA abundance of MCP-1 in MPMs. Conclusions: Edaravone attenuated AngII-induced AAAs and atherosclerosis in male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice via anti-oxidative action and anti-inflammatory effect.

    DOI: 10.3390/biom12081117

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  • Therapeutic Approaches Targeting miRNA in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

    Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   76 ( 4 )   359 - 371   2022年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a potentially fatal systemic autoimmune disease, and its etiology involves both genetic and environmental factors such as sex hormone imbalance, genetic predisposition, epigenetic regulation, and immunological factors. Dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) is suggested to be one of the epigenetic factors in SLE. miRNA is a 22-nucleotide single-stranded noncoding RNA that contributes to post-transcriptional modulation of gene expression. miRNA targeting therapy has been suggested to be useful for the treatment of cancers and other diseases. Gene knockout and miRNA targeting therapy have been demonstrated to improve SLE disease activity in mice. However, these approaches have not yet reached the level of clinical application. miRNA targeting therapy is limited by the fact that each miRNA has multiple targets. In addition, the expression of certain miRNAs may differ among cell tissues within a single SLE patient. This limitation can be overcome by targeted delivery and chemical modifications. In the future, further research into miRNA chemical modifications and delivery systems will help us develop novel therapeutic agents for SLE.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/63887

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  • Analysis of inflammatory cytokines and estimated glomerular filtration rate decline in Japanese patients with diabetic kidney disease: a pilot study

    Yuka Sugawara, Yosuke Hirakawa, Koki Mise, Kosuke Kashiwabara, Ko Hanai, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Akihiro Katayama, Yasuhiro Onishi, Yui Yoshida, Naoki Kashihara, Yutaka Matsuyama, Tetsuya Babazono, Masaomi Nangaku, Jun Wada

    BIOMARKERS IN MEDICINE   16 ( 10 )   759 - 770   2022年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:FUTURE MEDICINE LTD  

    Background: It is important to identify additional prognostic factors for diabetic kidney disease. Materials & methods: Baseline levels of ten cytokines (APRIL/TNFSF13, BAFF/TNFSF13B, chitinase 3-like 1, LIGHT/TNFSF14, TWEAK/TNFSF12, gp130/sIL-6R beta, sCD163, sIL-6R alpha, sTNF-R1, sTNF-R2) were measured in two cohorts of diabetic patients. In one cohort (n = 777), 156 individuals were randomly sampled after stratification and their plasma samples were analyzed; in the other cohort (n = 69), serum samples were analyzed in all the individuals. The levels of cytokines between rapid (estimated glomerular filtration rate decline >5 ml/min/1.73 m(2)/year) and non-rapid decliners were compared. Results: Multivariate analysis demonstrated significantly high levels of LIGHT/TNFSF14, TWEAK/TNFSF12 and sTNF-R2 in rapid decliners. Conclusion: These three cytokines can be potential biomarkers for the progression of diabetic kidney disease.

    DOI: 10.2217/bmm-2021-1104

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  • Roles of Transmembrane Protein 97 (TMEM97) in Adipose Tissue and Skeletal Muscle.

    Masafumi Tenta, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   76 ( 3 )   235 - 245   2022年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The combination of sarcopenia and obesity (sarcopenic obesity) is associated with the development of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular events. The molecular pathways that develop sarcopenic obesity have studied intensively. Transmembrane protein 97 (TMEM97) is 176 amino acids conserved integral membrane protein with four transmembrane domains that is expressed in several types of cancer. Its physiological significance in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle has been unclear. We studied TMEM97-transgenic mice and mice lacking TMEM97, and our findings indicate that TMEM97 expression is regulated in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle from obesity. TMEM97 represses adipogenesis and promotes myogenesis in vitro. Fat-specific TMEM97 transgenic mice showed systemic insulin resistance. Mice overexpressing TMEM97 in skeletal muscle exhibited systemic insulin resistance. Mice lacking TMEM97 were protected against diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance. These phenotypes are associated with the effects of TMEM97 on inflammation genes in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle. Our findings indicates that there is a link between TMEM97 and chronic inflammation in obesity.

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  • Potential Strategies for Kidney Regeneration With Stem Cells: An Overview

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY   10   2022年5月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA  

    Kidney diseases are a major health problem worldwide. Despite advances in drug therapies, they are only capable of slowing the progression of kidney diseases. Accordingly, potential kidney regeneration strategies with stem cells have begun to be explored. There are two different directions for regenerative strategies, de novo whole kidney fabrication with stem cells, and stem cell therapy. De novo whole kidney strategies include: 1) decellularized scaffold technology, 2) 3D bioprinting based on engineering technology, 3) kidney organoid fabrication, 4) blastocyst complementation with chimeric technology, and 5) the organogenic niche method. Meanwhile, stem cell therapy strategies include 1) injection of stem cells, including mesenchymal stem cells, nephron progenitor cells, adult kidney stem cells and multi-lineage differentiating stress enduring cells, and 2) injection of protective factors secreted from these stem cells, including growth factors, chemokines, and extracellular vesicles containing microRNAs, mRNAs and proteins. Over the past few decades, there have been remarkable step-by-step developments in these strategies. Here, we review the current advances in the potential strategies for kidney regeneration using stem cells, along with their challenges for possible clinical use in the future.

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  • Vasohibin-1 has α-tubulin detyrosinating activity in glomerular podocytes. 国際誌

    Tomoyo Mifune, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yuri Nakashima, Satoshi Tanimura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    Biochemical and biophysical research communications   599   93 - 99   2022年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Podocytes are highly specialized epithelial cells in glomeruli, with a complex morphology composed of a cell body, primary processes, and foot processes, which maintain barrier function in glomerular filtration. The microtubule-based cytoskeleton is necessary for podocyte morphology. Microtubule structure and function can be affected by post-translational modification of tubulin, including detyrosination. Recent studies have shown that vasohibin-1 (VASH1), an antiangiogenic factor, has tubulin carboxypeptidase activity that causes detyrosination of α-tubulin. We aimed to examine the role of VASH1 in regulating α-tubulin detyrosination in podocytes and the potential involvement of VASH1 deficiency in renal morphology. In normal mouse kidneys, detyrosinated α-tubulin was mainly identified in glomeruli, especially in podocytes; meanwhile, in cultured immortalized podocytes, α-tubulin detyrosination was promoted with cell differentiation. Notably, α-tubulin detyrosination in glomeruli was diminished in Vash1 homozygous knockout (Vash1-/-) mice, and knockdown of VASH1 in cultured podocytes prevented α-tubulin detyrosination. Although VASH1 deficiency-induced downregulation of detyrosination caused no remarkable glomerular lesions, urinary albuminuria excretion and glomerular volume were significantly higher in Vash1-/- mice than in wild-type mice. Furthermore, decreased glomerular nephrin expression and narrower slit diaphragms width were observed in Vash1-/- mice. Taken together, we demonstrated that α-tubulin detyrosination in podocytes was mainly regulated by VASH1 and that VASH1 deficiency-mediated decreases in α-tubulin detyrosination led to minor alterations in podocyte morphology and predisposition to albuminuria. VASH1 expression and α-tubulin detyrosination may be novel targets for maintaining glomerular filtration barrier integrity.

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  • Glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B regulates lysosomal integrity and lifespan of senescent cells

    Masayoshi Suda, Ippei Shimizu, Goro Katsuumi, Chieh Lun Hsiao, Yohko Yoshida, Naomi Matsumoto, Yutaka Yoshida, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Wada, Masahide Seki, Yutaka Suzuki, Shujiro Okuda, Kazuyuki Ozaki, Mayumi Nakanishi-Matsui, Tohru Minamino

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   12 ( 1 )   2022年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PORTFOLIO  

    Accumulation of senescent cells in various tissues has been reported to have a pathological role in age-associated diseases. Elimination of senescent cells (senolysis) was recently reported to reversibly improve pathological aging phenotypes without increasing rates of cancer. We previously identified glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) as a seno-antigen specifically expressed by senescent human vascular endothelial cells and demonstrated that vaccination against Gpnmb eliminated Gpnmb-positive senescent cells, leading to an improvement of age-associated pathologies in mice. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether GPNMB plays a role in senescent cells. We examined the potential role of GPNMB in senescent cells by testing the effects of GPNMB depletion and overexpression in vitro and in vivo. Depletion of GPNMB from human vascular endothelial cells shortened their replicative lifespan and increased the expression of negative cell cycle regulators. Conversely, GPNMB overexpression protected these cells against stress-induced premature senescence. Depletion of Gpnmb led to impairment of vascular function and enhanced atherogenesis in mice, whereas overexpression attenuated dietary vascular dysfunction and atherogenesis. GPNMB was upregulated by lysosomal stress associated with cellular senescence and was a crucial protective factor in maintaining lysosomal integrity. GPNMB is a seno-antigen that acts as a survival factor in senescent cells, suggesting that targeting seno-antigens such as GPNMB may be a novel strategy for senolytic treatments.

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  • Obesity and Dyslipidemia Synergistically Exacerbate Psoriatic Skin Inflammation

    Kenta Ikeda, Shin Morizane, Takahiko Akagi, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Kota Tachibana, Ayano Yahagi, Masanori Iseki, Hideaki Kaneto, Jun Wada, Katsuhiko Ishihara, Yoshitaka Morita, Tomoyuki Mukai

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   23 ( 8 )   2022年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Patients with psoriasis are frequently complicated with metabolic syndrome; however, it is not fully understood how obesity and dyslipidemia contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis. To investigate the mechanisms by which obesity and dyslipidemia exacerbate psoriasis using murine models and neonatal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs), we used wild-type and Apoe-deficient dyslipidemic mice, and administered a high-fat diet for 10 weeks to induce obesity. Imiquimod was applied to the ear for 5 days to induce psoriatic dermatitis. To examine the innate immune responses of NHEKs, we cultured and stimulated NHEKs using IL-17A, TNF-alpha, palmitic acid, and leptin. We found that obesity and dyslipidemia synergistically aggravated psoriatic dermatitis associated with increased gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Treatment of NHEKs with palmitic acid and leptin amplified pro-inflammatory responses in combination with TNF-alpha and IL-17A. Additionally, pretreatment with palmitic acid and leptin enhanced IL-17A-mediated c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation. These results revealed that obesity and dyslipidemia synergistically exacerbate psoriatic skin inflammation, and that metabolic-disorder-associated inflammatory factors, palmitic acid, and leptin augment the activation of epidermal keratinocytes. Our results emphasize that management of concomitant metabolic disorders is essential for preventing disease exacerbation in patients with psoriasis.

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  • Tankyrase represses autoinflammation through the attenuation of TLR2 signaling

    Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ioannis D. Dimitriou, Jose La Rose, Melissa Lim, Susan Camilleri, Napoleon Law, Hibret A. Adissu, Jiefei Tong, Michael F. Moran, Andrzej Chruscinski, Fang He, Yosuke Asano, Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada, Robert Rottapel

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION   132 ( 7 )   2022年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC CLINICAL INVESTIGATION INC  

    Dysregulation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling contributes to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Here, we provide genetic evidence that tankyrase, a member of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) family, negatively regulates TLR2 signaling. We show that mice lacking tankyrase in myeloid cells developed severe systemic inflammation with high serum inflammatory cytokine levels. We provide mechanistic evidence that tankyrase deficiency resulted in tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of TLR2 and show that phosphorylation of tyrosine 647 within the TIR domain by SRC and SYK kinases was critical for TLR2 stabilization and signaling. Last, we show that the elevated cytokine production and inflammation observed in mice lacking tankyrase in myeloid cells were dependent on the adaptor protein 3BP2, which is required for SRC and SYK activation. These data demonstrate that tankyrase provides a checkpoint on the TLR-mediated innate immune response.

    DOI: 10.1172/JCI140869

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  • Kidney cyst infection through a fistula between bladder and retroperitoneal abscess in a polycystic kidney disease patient

    Takato Nakadoi, Kenji Tsuji, Takehiro Iwata, Eriko Eto, Hisashi Masuyama, Koji Tomita, Takao Hiraki, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    NEPHROLOGY   27 ( 4 )   383 - 384   2022年4月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.13966

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  • Circulating GPIHBP1 levels and microvascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes: A cross-sectional study

    Naoko Kurooka, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Shinji Kamei, Toru Kikutsuji, Sakiko Sasaki, Akiho Seki, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Ichiro Nojima, Mayu Watanabe, Chigusa Higuchi, Akihiro Katayama, Haruhito A. Uchida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL LIPIDOLOGY   16 ( 2 )   237 - 245   2022年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    Background: Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high-density lipoprotein binding protein 1 (GPIHBP1) plays a crucial role in lipolytic processing. Previous studies have shown that GPIHBP1 mutations cause severe hypertriglyceridemia and that serum GPIHBP1 levels are marginally higher in patients with coronary heart disease; however, the role of GPIHBP1 in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains unknown. Objective: We investigated the association between circulating GPIHBP1 levels and the prevalence of microvascular complications in T2DM. Methods: A total of 237 subjects with T2DM and 235 non-diabetic control subjects were enrolled in this study. Their serum GPIHBP1 levels were evaluated using ELISA assays. Results: Circulating GPIHBP1 levels were higher in patients with T2DM (952.7 pg/mL [761.31234.6], p < 0.0001) than in non-diabetic subjects (700.6 [570.8-829.6]), but did not differ in T2DM patients with or without hypertriglyceridemia. Serum GPIHBP1 levels were significantly higher in patients with T2DM with diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic nephropathy (DN), and microvascular complications than in those without these complications. Multivariable logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses revealed that the presence of microvascular complications, but not macrovascular complications, was independently associated with serum GPIHBP1 levels, which could Conclusions: Elevated GPIHBP1 levels are associated with microvascular complications in T2DM

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2022.01.006

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  • Silica-associated systemic lupus erythematosus with lupus nephritis and lupus pneumonitis A case report and a systematic review of the literature

    Kazuhiko Fukushima, Haruhito A. Uchida, Yasuko Fuchimoto, Tomoyo Mifune, Mayu Watanabe, Kenji Tsuji, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masaru Kinomura, Shinji Kitamura, Yosuke Miyamoto, Sae Wada, Taisaku Koyanagi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Takumi Kishimoto, Jun Wada

    MEDICINE   101 ( 7 )   2022年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Introduction Several epidemiological studies have shown that silica exposure triggers the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); however, the clinical characteristics of silica-associated SLE have not been well studied. Patient concerns A 67-year-old man with silicosis visited a primary hospital because of a fever and cough. His respiratory condition worsened, regardless of antibiotic medication, and he was referred to our hospital. Diagnosis The patient showed leukopenia, lymphopenia, serum creatinine elevation with proteinuria and hematuria, decreased serum C3 level, and was positive for anti-double stranded DNA antibody, anti-nuclear antibody, and direct Coombs test. He was diagnosed with SLE. Renal biopsy was performed, and the patient was diagnosed with lupus nephritis (class IV-G(A/C) + V defined by the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society classification). Computed tomography revealed acute interstitial pneumonitis, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed elevation of the lymphocyte fraction, and he was diagnosed with lupus pneumonitis. Interventions Prednisolone (50 mg/day) with intravenous cyclophosphamide (500 mg/body) were initiated. Outcomes The patient showed a favorable response to these therapies. He was discharged from our hospital and received outpatient care with prednisolone slowly tapered off. He had cytomegalovirus and herpes zoster virus infections during treatment, which healed with antiviral therapy. Review: We searched for the literature on sSLE, and selected 11 case reports and 2 population-based studies. The prevalence of SLE manifestations in sSLE patients were comparative to that of general SLE, particularly that of elderly-onset SLE. Our renal biopsy report and previous reports indicate that lupus nephritis of sSLE patients show as various histological patterns as those of general SLE patients. Among the twenty sSLE patients reported in the case articles, three patients developed lupus pneumonitis and two of them died of it. Moreover, two patients died of bacterial pneumonia, one developed aspergillus abscesses, one got pulmonary tuberculosis, and one developed lung cancer. Conclusion Close attention is needed, particularly for respiratory system events and infectious diseases, when treating patients with silica-associated SLE using immunosuppressive therapies.

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  • Development of Urinary Diagnostic Biomarker for IgA Nephropathy by Lectin Microarray

    Yasuhiro Onishi, Koki Mise, Chieko Kawakita, Haruhito A. Uchida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ryosuke Sugawara, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Michihiro Yoshida, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi, Masao Yamada, Jun Hirabayashi, Jun Wada

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEPHROLOGY   53 ( 1 )   10 - 20   2022年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KARGER  

    Introduction: The pathogenic roles of aberrantly glycosylated IgA1 have been reported. However, it is unexplored whether the profiling of urinary glycans contributes to the diagnosis of IgAN. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study enrolling 493 patients who underwent renal biopsy at Okayama University Hospital between December 2010 and September 2017. We performed lectin microarray in urine samples and investigated whether c-statistics of the reference standard diagnosis model employing hematuria, proteinuria, and serum IgA were improved by adding the urinary glycan intensity. Results: Among 45 lectins, 3 lectins showed a significant improvement of the models: Amaranthus caudatus lectin (ACA) with the difference of c-statistics 0.038 (95% CI: 0.019-0.058, p < 0.001), Agaricus bisporus lectin (ABA) 0.035 (95% CI: 0.015-0.055, p < 0.001), and Maackia amurensis lectin (MAH) 0.035 (95% CI: 0.015-0.054, p < 0.001). In 3 lectins, each signal plus reference standard showed good reclassification (category-free NRI and relative IDI) and good model fitting associated with the improvement of AIC and BIC. Stratified by eGFR, the discriminatory ability of ACA plus reference standard was maintained, suggesting the robust renal function-independent diagnostic performance of ACA. By decision curve analysis, there was a 3.45% net benefit by adding urinary glycan intensity of ACA to the reference standard at the predefined threshold probability of 40%. Conclusions: The reduction of Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc (T-antigen), Sia(alpha 2-3)Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc (Sialyl T), and Sia(alpha 2-3)Gal(beta 1-3)Sia(alpha 2-6)GalNAc (disialyl-T) was suggested by binding specificities of 3 lectins. C1GALT1 and COSMC were responsible for the biosynthesis of these glycans, and they were known to be downregulated in IgAN. The urinary glycan analysis by ACA is a useful and robust noninvasive strategy for the diagnosis of IgAN.

    DOI: 10.1159/000520998

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  • Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Variation of Its Risk Factors by the Regions in Okayama Prefecture

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE   12 ( 1 )   2022年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Objective: The prevention of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression is an important issue from health and financial perspectives. We conducted a single-year cross-sectional study to clarify the prevalence of CKD and its risk factors along with variations in these factors among five medical regions in Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Methods and Results: Data concerning the renal function and proteinuria as well as other CKD risk factors were obtained from the database of the Japanese National Health Insurance. The proportion of CKD patients at an increased risk of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), classified as orange and red on the CKD heatmap, ranged from 6-9% and did not vary significantly by the regions. However, the causes of the increased severity differed between regions where renal dysfunction was predominant and regions where there were many patients with proteinuria. CKD risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyper low-density lipoprotein-cholesterolemia, obesity, smoking and lack of exercise, also differed among these regions, suggesting that different regions need tailored interventions that suit the characteristics of the region, such as an increased health checkup ratio, dietary guidance and promotion of exercise opportunities. Conclusions: Approximately 6-9% of people are at an increased risk of developing ESRD (orange or red on a CKD heatmap) among the population with National Health Insurance in Okayama Prefecture. The underlying health problems that cause CKD may differ among the regions. Thus, it is necessary to consider intervention methods for preventing CKD progression that are tailored to each region's health problems.

    DOI: 10.3390/jpm12010097

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  • The Association of Postprandial Triglyceride Variability with Renal Dysfunction and Microalbuminuria in Patients with Type 2 Diabetic Mellitus: A Retrospective and Observational Study

    Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Haruhito A. Uchida, Shugo Okamoto, Yasuhiro Onishi, Katsuyoshi Katayama, Mariko Tsuchida-Nishiwaki, Hidemi Takeuchi, Rika Takemoto, Yoshiko Hada, Ryoko Umebayashi, Naoko Kurooka, Kenji Tsuji, Jun Eguchi, Hirofumi Nakajima, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES RESEARCH   2022   2022年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:HINDAWI LTD  

    Objective. We examined whether or not day-to-day variations in lipid profiles, especially triglyceride (TG) variability, were associated with the exacerbation of diabetic kidney disease. Methods. We conducted a retrospective and observational study. First, 527 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) who had had their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) checked every 6 months since 2012 for over 5 years were registered. Variability in postprandial TG was determined using the standard deviation (SD), SD adjusted (Adj-SD) for the number of measurements, and maximum minus minimum difference (MMD) during the first three years of follow-up. The endpoint was a & GE;40% decline from baseline in the eGFR, initiation of dialysis or death. Next, 181 patients who had no micro- or macroalbuminuria in February 2013 were selected from among the 527 patients for an analysis. The endpoint was the incidence of microalbuminuria, initiation of dialysis, or death. Results. Among the 527 participants, 110 reached a & GE;40% decline from baseline in the eGFR or death. The renal survival was lower in the higher-SD, higher-Adj-SD, and higher-MMD groups than in the lower-SD, lower-Adj-SD, and lower-MMD groups, respectively (log-rank test p=0.0073, 0.0059, and 0.0195, respectively). A lower SD, lower Adj-SD, and lower MMD were significantly associated with the renal survival in the adjusted model (hazard ratio, 1.62, 1.66, 1.59; 95% confidence intervals, 1.05-2.53, 1.08-2.58, 1.04-2.47, respectively). Next, among 181 participants, 108 developed microalbuminuria or death. The nonincidence of microalbuminuria was lower in the higher-SD, higher-Adj-SD, and higher-MMD groups than in the lower-SD, lower-Adj-SD, and lower-MMD groups, respectively (log-rank test p=0.0241, 0.0352, and 0.0474, respectively). Conclusions. Postprandial TG variability is a novel risk factor for eGFR decline and the incidence of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 DM.

    DOI: 10.1155/2022/3157841

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  • Adipocyte-Specific Inhibition of Mir221/222 Ameliorates Diet-Induced Obesity Through Targeting Ddit4

    Satoshi Yamaguchi, Dongxiao Zhang, Akihiro Katayama, Naoko Kurooka, Ryosuke Sugawara, Haya Hamed Hassan Albuayjan, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada

    FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY   12   2022年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA  

    MicroRNAs expressed in adipocytes are involved in transcriptional regulation of target mRNAs in obesity, but miRNAs critically involved in this process is not well characterized. Here, we identified upregulation of miR-221-3p and miR-222-3p in the white adipose tissues in C57BL/6 mice fed with high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) chow by RNA sequencing. Mir221 and Mir222 are paralogous genes and share the common seed sequence and Mir221/222AdipoKO mice fed with HFHS chow demonstrated resistance to the development of obesity compared with Mir221/222(flox/y). Ddit4 is a direct target of Mir221 and Mir222, and the upregulation of Ddit4 in Mir221/222AdipoKO was associated with the suppression of TSC2 (tuberous sclerosis complex 2)/mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)/S6K (ribosomal protein S6 kinase) pathway. The overexpression of miR-222-3p linked to enhanced adipogenesis, and it may be a potential candidate for miRNA-based therapy.

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  • Real-world data on vitamin D supplementation and its impacts in systemic lupus erythematosus: Cross-sectional analysis of a lupus registry of nationwide institutions (LUNA). 国際誌

    Keigo Hayashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Yoshia Miyawaki, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Yajima, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Yasuhiro Shimojima, Shigeru Ohno, Hiroshi Kajiyama, Kunihiro Ichinose, Shuzo Sato, Michio Fujiwara, Jun Wada

    PloS one   17 ( 6 )   e0270569   2022年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: Although vitamin D concentration is reportedly associated with the pathogenesis and pathology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), benefits of vitamin D supplementation in SLE patients have not been elucidated, to our knowledge. We investigated the clinical impacts of vitamin D supplementation in SLE. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed using data from a lupus registry of nationwide institutions. We evaluated vitamin D supplementation status associated with disease-related Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI) as a parameter of long-term disease activity control. RESULTS: Of the enrolled 870 patients (mean age: 45 years, mean disease duration: 153 months), 426 (49%) received vitamin D supplementation. Patients with vitamin D supplementation were younger (43.2 vs 47.5 years, P < 0.0001), received higher doses of prednisolone (7.6 vs 6.8 mg/day, P = 0.002), and showed higher estimated glomerular filtration rates (79.3 vs 75.3 mL/min/1.73m2, P = 0.02) than those without supplementation. Disease-related SDI (0.73 ± 1.12 vs 0.73 ± 1.10, P = 0.75), total SDI, and SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) did not significantly differ between patients receiving and not receiving vitamin D supplementation. Even after excluding 136 patients who were highly recommended vitamin D supplementation (with age ≥ 75 years, history of bone fracture or avascular necrosis, denosumab use, and end-stage renal failure), disease-related SDI, total SDI, and SLEDAI did not significantly differ between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Even with a possible Vitamin D deficiency and a high risk of bone fractures in SLE patients, only half of our cohort received its supplementation. The effect of vitamin D supplementation for disease activity control was not observed.

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  • Mesenchymal stem cells-derived extracellular vesicles as 'natural' drug delivery system for tissue regeneration

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    BIOCELL   46 ( 4 )   899 - 902   2022年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:TECH SCIENCE PRESS  

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have abilities to mediate tissue protection through mechanisms of antiapoptosis, anti-oxidative stress and anti-fibrosis as well as tissue regeneration through mechanisms of cell proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis. These effects by MSCs are mediated by a variety of factors, including growth factors, cytokines and extracellular vesicles (EVs). Among these factors, EVs, containing proteins, mRNA and microRNAs (miRNA), may carry their contents into distant tissues with high stability. Therefore, the treatment with MSC-derived EVs may be promising as 'natural' drug delivery systems (DDS). Especially, the treatment of MSCderived EVs with the manipulation of specific miRNAs expression has been reported to be beneficial under a variety of diseases and tissue injuries. The overexpression of specific miRNAs in the EVs might be through pre-loading method using the gene editing system by plasmid vector or post-loading method to load miRNA mimics into EVs by electroporation or calcium chloride-mediated transfection. Despite current several challenges for clinical use, it should open the next era of regenerative medicine for a variety of diseases. In this article, we highlight the therapeutic potential of MSC-derived EVs as 'natural' DDS and current challenges.

    DOI: 10.32604/biocell.2022.018594

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  • Masked CKD in hyperthyroidism and reversible CKD status in hypothyroidism. 国際誌

    Natsumi Uchiyama-Matsuoka, Kenji Tsuji, Haruhito A Uchida, Shinji Kitamura, Yoshihiko Itoh, Yuki Nishiyama, Eisaku Morimoto, Satoshi Fujisawa, Tomohiro Terasaka, Takayuki Hara, Kanako Ogura-Ochi, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada

    Frontiers in endocrinology   13   1048863 - 1048863   2022年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    INTRODUCTION: While it is well known that thyroid function may affect kidney function, the transition of the chronic kidney disease (CKD) status before and after treatment for thyroid disorders, as well as the factors affecting this change, remains to be explored. In the present study, we focused on the change in kidney function and their affecting factors during the treatment for both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with hyperthyroidism and fifty-two patients with hypothyroidism were enrolled in a retrospective and longitudinal case series to analyze the changes in kidney function and their affecting factors after treatment for thyroid disorders. RESULTS: Along with the improvement of thyroid function after treatment, there was a significant decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in hyperthyroidism (an average ΔeGFR of -41.1 mL/min/1.73 m2) and an increase in eGFR in hypothyroidism (an average ΔeGFR of 7.1 mL/min/1.73 m2). The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that sex, eGFR, free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) could be considered independent explanatory variables for ΔeGFR in hyperthyroidism, while age, eGFR, and FT3 were detected as independent explanatory variables in hypothyroidism. In addition, the stratification by kidney function at two points, pre- and post-treatment for thyroid disorders, revealed that 4.5% of the participants with hyperthyroidism were pre-defined as non-CKD and post-defined as CKD, indicating the presence of "masked" CKD in hyperthyroidism. On the other hand, 13.5% of the participants with hypothyroidism presented pre-defined CKD and post-defined non-CKD, indicating the presence of "reversible" CKD status in hypothyroidism. CONCLUSIONS: We uncovered the population of masked CKD in hyperthyroidism and reversible CKD status in hypothyroidism, thereby re-emphasizing the importance of a follow-up to examine kidney function after treatment for hyperthyroidism and the routine evaluation of thyroid function in CKD patients as well as the appropriate hormone therapy if the patient has hypothyroidism.

    DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2022.1048863

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  • A pre-specified analysis of the Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse Outcomes in Chronic Kidney Disease (DAPA-CKD) randomized controlled trial on the incidence of abrupt declines in kidney function

    Heerspink, H.J.L., Cherney, D., Postmus, D., Stef{\'a}nsson, B.V., Chertow, G.M., Dwyer, J.P., Greene, T., Kosiborod, M., Langkilde, A.M., McMurray, J.J.V., Correa-Rotter, R., Rossing, P., Sj{\"o}str{\"o}m, C.D., Toto, R.D., Wheeler, D.C., Chertow, G., Hou, F.F., McMurray, J., Toto, R., Stefansson, B., Maffei, L.E., Raffaele, P., Solis, S.E., Arias, C.A., Aizenberg, D., Luquez, C., Zaidman, C., Cluigt, N., Mayer, M., Alvarisqueta, A., Wassermann, A., Maldonado, R., Bittar, J., Maurich, M., Gaite, L.E., Garcia, N., Sivak, L., Ramallo, P.O., Santos, J.C., Garcia Duran, R., Oddino, J.A., Maranon, A., Maia, L.N., Avila, D.D., Barros, E.J.G., Vidotti, M.H., Panarotto, D., Noronha, I.D.L., Turatti, L.A.A., Deboni, L., Canziani, M.E., Riella, M.C., Bacci, M.R., Paschoalin, R.P., Franco, R.J., Goldani, J.C., St-Amour, E., Steele, A.W., Goldenberg, R., P, eya, S., Bajaj, H., Cherney, D., Kaiser, S.M., Conway, J.R., Chow, S.S., Bailey, G., Lafrance, J., Winterstein, J., Cournoyer, S., Gaudet, D., Madore, F., Houlden, R.L., Dowell, A., Langlois, M., Muirhead, N., Kh, wala, H., Levin, A., Xue, Y., Zuo, L., Hao, C., Ni, Z., Xing, C., Chen, N., Dong, Y., Zhou, R., Xiao, X., Zou, Y., Wang, C., Liu, B., Chen, Q., Lin, M., Luo, Q., Zhang, D., Wang, J., Chen, M., Wang, X., Zhong, A., Dong, J., Zhu, C., Yan, T., Luo, P., Ren, Y., Pai, P., Li, D., Zhang, R., Zhang, J., Xu, M., Zhuang, Y., Kong, Y., Yao, X., Peng, X., Persson, F.I., Hansen, T.K., Borg, R., Pedersen Bjergaard, U., Hansen, D., Hornum, M., Haller, H., Klausmann, G., Tschope, D., Kruger, T., Gross, P., Hugo, C., Obermuller, N., Rose, L., Mertens, P., Zeller-Stefan, H., Fritsche, A., Renders, L., Muller, J., Budde, K., Schroppel, B., Wittmann, I., Voros, P., Dudas, M., Tabak, G.A., Kirschner, R., Letoha, A., Balku, I., Hermanyi, Z., Zakar, G., Mezei, I., Nagy, G.G., Lippai, J., Nemeth, A., Khullar, D., Gowdaiah, P.K., Fern, o Mervin, E., Rao, V.A., Dewan, D., Goplani, K., Maddi, V.S.K., Vyawahare, M.S., Pulichikkat, R.K., P, ey, R., Sonkar, S.K., Gupta, V.K., Agarwal, S., Asirvatham, A.J., Ignatius, A., Chaubey, S., Melemadathil, S., Alva, H., Kadam, Y., Shimizu, H., Sueyoshi, A., Takeoka, H., Abe, Y., Imai, T., Onishi, Y., Fujita, Y., Tokita, Y., Oura, M., Makita, Y., Idogaki, A., Koyama, R., Kikuchi, H., Kashihara, N., Hayashi, T., Ando, Y., Tanaka, T., Shimizu, M., Hidaka, S., Gohda, T., Tamura, K., Abe, M., Kamijo, Y., Imasawa, T., Takahashi, Y., Nakayama, M., Tomita, M., Hirano, F., Fukushima, Y., Kiyosue, A., Kurioka, S., Imai, E., Kitagawa, K., Waki, M., Wada, J., Uehara, K., Iwatani, H., Ota, K., Shibazaki, S., Katayama, K., Narita, I., Iinuma, M., Matsueda, S., Sasaki, S., Yokochi, A., Tsukamoto, T., Yoshimura, T., Kang, S., Lee, S., Lim, C.S., Chin, H., Joo, K.W., Han, S.Y., Chang, T.I., Park, S., Park, H., Park, C.W., Han, B.G., Cha, D.R., Yoon, S.A., Kim, W., Kim, S.W., Ryu, D., Correa Rotter, R., Irizar Santana, S.S., Hern, ez Llamas, G., Valdez Ortiz, R., Secchi Nicolas, N.C., Gonzalez Galvez, G., Lazcano Soto, J.R., Bochicchio Riccardelli, T., Bayram Llamas, E.A., Ramos Ibarra, D.R., Melo, M.G.S., Gonzalez Gonzalez, J.G., Sanchez Mijangos, J.H., Madero Robalo, M., Garcia Castillo, A., Manrique, H.A., Farfan, J.C., Vargas, R., Valdivia, A., Dextre, A., Escudero, E., Calderon Ticona, J.R., Gonzales, L., Villena, J., Leon, L., Molina, G., Saavedra, A., Garrido, E., Arbanil, H., Vargas Marquez, S., Rodriguez, J., Isidto, R., Villaflor, A.J., Gumba, M.A., Tirador, L., Comia, R.S., Sy, R.A., Guanzon, M.L.V.V., Aquitania, G., De Asis, N.C., Silva, A.A., Romero, C.M., Lim, M.E., Danguilan, R.A., Nowicki, M., Rudzki, H., L, a, K., Kucharczyk-Bauman, I., Gogola-Migdal, B., Golski, M., Olech-Cudzik, A., Stompor, T., Szczepanik, T., Miklaszewicz, B., Sciborski, R., Kuzniewski, M., Ciechanowski, K., Wronska, D., Klatko, W., Mazur, S., Popenda, G., Myslicki, M., Bolieva, L.Z., Berns, S., Galyavich, A., Abissova, T., Karpova, I., Platonov, D., Koziolova, N., Kvitkova, L., Nilk, R., Medina, T., Rebrov, A., Rossovskaya, M., Sinitsina, I., Vishneva, E., Zagidullin, N., Novikova, T., Krasnopeeva, N., Magnitskaya, O., Antropenko, N., Batiushin, M., Escudero Quesada, V., Barrios Barrea, C., Espinel Garauz, E., Cruzado Garrit, J.M., Morales Portillo, C., Gorriz Teruel, J.L., Cigarran Guldris, S., Praga Terente, M., Robles Perez-Monteoliva, N.R., Tinahones Madueno, F.J., Soto Gonzalez, A., Diaz Rodriguez, C., Furul, , H., Saeed, A., Dreja, K., Spaak, J., Bruchfeld, A., Kolesnyk, M., Levchenko, O., Pyvovarova, N., Stus, V., Doretskyy, V., Korobova, N., Horoshko, O., Katerenchuk, I., Mostovoy, Y.M., Orynchak, M., Legun, O., Dudar, I., Bilchenko, O., Andreychyn, S., Levchenko, A., Zub, L., Tereshchenko, N., Topchii, I., Ostapenko, T., Bezuglova, S., Kopytsya, M., Turenko, O., Mark, P., Barratt, J., Bh, ari, S., Fraser, D., Kalra, P., Kon, S.P., Mccafferty, K., Mikhail, A., Alvarado, O.P., Anderson, R., Andrawis, N.S., Arif, A., Benjamin, S.A., Bueso, G., Busch, R.S., Carr, K.W., Crawford, P., Daboul, N., De La Calle, G.M., Delgado, B., Earl, J., El-Shahawy, M.A., Graf, R.J., Greenwood, G., Guevara, A., Wendl, , E.M., Mayfield, R.K., Montero, M., Morin, D.J., Narayan, P., Numrungroad, V., Reddy, A.C., Reddy, R., Samson, M.B., Trejo, R., Butcher, M.B., Wise, J.K., Zemel, L.R., Raikhel, M., Weinstein, D., Hern, ez, P., Wynne, A., Khan, B.V., Sterba, G.A., Jamal, A., Ross, D., Rovner, S.F., Tan, A., Ovalle, F., Patel, R.J., Talano, J., Patel, D.R., Burgner, A., Aslam, N., Elliott, M., Goral, S., Jovanovich, A., Manley, J.A., Umanath, K., Waguespack, D., Weiner, D., Yu, M., Schneider, L., Jalal, D., Le, T., Nguyen, N., Nguyen, H., Nguyen, D., Nguyen, V., Do, T., Chu, P., Ta, D., Tran, N., Pham, B., Pfeffer, M.A., Pocock, S., Swedberg, K., Rouleau, J.L., Chaturvedi, N., Ivanovich, P., Levey, A.S., Christ-Schmidt, H., Held, C., Christersson, C., Mann, J., Varenhorst, C.

    Kidney International   101 ( 1 )   2022年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.kint.2021.09.005

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  • Senolytic vaccination improves normal and pathological age-related phenotypes and increases lifespan in progeroid mice

    Suda, M., Shimizu, I., Katsuumi, G., Yoshida, Y., Hayashi, Y., Ikegami, R., Matsumoto, N., Yoshida, Y., Mikawa, R., Katayama, A., Wada, J., Seki, M., Suzuki, Y., Iwama, A., Nakagami, H., Nagasawa, A., Morishita, R., Sugimoto, M., Okuda, S., Tsuchida, M., Ozaki, K., Nakanishi-Matsui, M., Minamino, T.

    Nature Aging   1 ( 12 )   1117 - 1126   2021年12月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    DOI: 10.1038/s43587-021-00151-2

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    その他リンク: https://www.nature.com/articles/s43587-021-00151-2

  • Semaporin3A inhibitor ameliorates renal fibrosis through the regulation of JNK signaling

    Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Kensaku Takahashi, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY   321 ( 6 )   F740 - F756   2021年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    Renal fibrosis is the common pathological pathway in progressive renal diseases. In the present study, we analyzed the roles of semaphorin 3 A (SEMA3A) on renal fibrosis and the effect of SEMA3A inhibitor (SEMA3A-I) using a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mouse model. Expression of SEMA3A in the proximal tubulus and neuropilin-1, a recepor of SEMA3A, in fibloblast and tubular cells were increased in UUO kidneys. The expression of myofibroblast marker tenascin-C and fibronection as well as renal fibrosis were increased in UUO kidneys, all of which were ameliorated by SEMA3A-I. In addition, the JNK signaling pathway, known as the target of SEMA3A signaling, was activated in proximal tubular cells and fibroblast cells after UUO surgery, and SEMA3A-I significantly attenuated the activation. In vitro, treatments with SEMA3A as well as transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in human proximal tubular cells lost epithelial cell characteristics, and SEMA3A-1 significantly ameliorated this transformation. The JNK inhibitor SP600125 partially reversed SEMA3A and TGF-beta 1-induced cell transformation, indicating that JNK signaling is involved in SEMA3A-induced renal fibrosis. In addition, treatment with SEMA3A in fibroblast cells activated expression of tenascin-C, collagen type I, and fibronection, indicating that SEMA3A may accelerate renal fibrosis through the activation of fibroblast cells. Analysis of human data revealed the positive correlation between urinary SEMA3A and urinary N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase, indicating the association between SEMA3A and tubular injury. In conclusion, SEMA3A signaling is involved in renal fibrosis through the JNK signaling pathway and SEMA3A-I might be a therapeutic option for protecting from renal fibrosis.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Renal fibrosis is the common pathological pathway in the progression of renal diseases. This study, using a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mouse model, indicated increased semaphorin3A (SEMA3A) signaling in renal tubular cells as well as fibroblast cells under UUO surgery, and SEMA3A inhibitor ameliorated UUO-induced renal fibrosis through the regulation of JNK signaling. The study proposes the potential therapeutic option of SEMA3A inhibitor to treat renal fibrosis.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00234.2021

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  • Presence of decoy cells for 6 months on urine cytology efficiently predicts BK virus nephropathy in renal transplant recipients

    Takanori Sekito, Motoo Araki, Kasumi Yoshinaga, Yuki Maruyama, Takuya Sadahira, Shingo Nishimura, Koichiro Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hidemi Takeuchi, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Hiroyuki Yanai, Yasutomo Nasu

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF UROLOGY   28 ( 12 )   1240 - 1246   2021年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Objectives To investigate the association between duration of consecutive presence of decoy cells on urine cytology and BK virus nephropathy after kidney transplantation. Methods In total, 121 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively evaluated. The best duration of consecutive presence of decoy cells that could be used to predict BK virus nephropathy was analyzed using the area under the curve for each duration, and recipients were divided into two groups based on the best predictive performance. The effectiveness of SV40 immunostaining on urinary cytology was also analyzed. Results In total, 2534 urine specimens as well as SV40 immunostaining in 2241 urine specimens were analyzed. Six consecutive months of decoy cell positivity had the best predictive performance for BK virus nephropathy (area under the curve = 0.832). The incidence of BK virus nephropathy in recipients with positive decoy cells for 6 months or more consecutive months (5/44) was significantly higher than in those who had positive decoy cells for less than 6 months (0/77; P = 0.005). Decoy cell positivity had a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for BK virus nephropathy of 100%, 66%, 11%, and 100% respectively. SV40 immunostaining provided slightly better specificity (68%) and positive predictive value (12%). Conclusions The detection of decoy cells at 6 months or more on urine cytology had high predictive value for BK virus nephropathy in kidney transplant recipients. SV40 immunostaining on urine cytology added minimal diagnostic accuracy.

    DOI: 10.1111/iju.14679

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  • Management of corticosteroid-dependent eosinophilic interstitial nephritis A case report

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Tomoyo Mifune, Chieko Kawakita, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    MEDICINE   100 ( 50 )   2021年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Introduction: Drug-induced acute interstitial nephritis (DI-AIN) is an important cause of acute kidney injury. In renal biopsy specimens, tubulitis with eosinophilic infiltration is suggestive of DI-AIN. Although corticosteroid therapy and discontinuation of the offending drug can improve renal dysfunction in most cases of DI-AIN, some patients experience AIN recurrence, leading to corticosteroid dependency. Corticosteroid-dependent eosinophilic interstitial nephritis presents a difficult dilemma in diagnosis and information regarding optimum management is limited. Patient concerns: A 25-year-old man, who received treatment with carbamazepine, zonisamide, valproate, and lacosamide for temporal lobe epilepsy, showed an increase in serum creatinine level from 0.98 to 1.29 mg/dL over a period of 6 months. Although he exhibited no symptoms, his serum creatinine level continued to increase to 1.74 mg/dL. Diagnosis: Renal biopsy revealed tubulitis and interstitial inflammatory infiltrates with eosinophils. Immunological and ophthalmological examinations showed no abnormal findings, and thus, his renal dysfunction was presumed to be caused by DI-AIN. Although oral prednisolone (PSL) administration (40 mg/d) and discontinuation of zonisamide immediately improved his renal function, AIN recurred 10 months later. The increase in PSL dose along with discontinuation of valproate and lacosamide improved renal function. However, 10 months later, recurrent AIN with eosinophilic infiltration was confirmed by further biopsy. The patient was therefore diagnosed with corticosteroid-dependent eosinophilic interstitial nephritis. Interventions: To prevent life-threatening epilepsy, carbamazepine could not be discontinued; hence, he was treated with an increased dose of PSL (60 mg/d) and 1500 mg/d of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Outcomes: MMF was well tolerated and PSL was successfully tapered to 5 mg/d; renal function stabilized over a 20-month period. Lessons: The presence of underdetermined autoimmune processes and difficulties in discontinuing the putative offending drug discontinuation are contributing factors to corticosteroid dependency in patients with eosinophilic interstitial nephritis. MMF may be beneficial in the management of corticosteroid-dependent eosinophilic interstitial nephritis by reducing the adverse effects related to high-dose and long-term corticosteroid use.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000028252

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  • Commentary on Intraglumerular dysfunction predicts kidney failure in the type 2 diabetes

    Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION   12 ( 12 )   2124 - 2125   2021年12月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13655

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  • Kidney Outcomes Associated With SGLT2 Inhibitors Versus Other Glucose-Lowering Drugs in Real-world Clinical Practice: The Japan Chronic Kidney Disease Database

    Hajime Nagasu, Yuichiro Yano, Hiroshi Kanegae, Hiddo J. L. Heerspink, Masaomi Nangaku, Yosuke Hirakawa, Yuka Sugawara, Naoki Nakagawa, Yuji Tani, Jun Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Toshiaki Nakano, Shoichi Maruyama, Takashi Wada, Kunihiro Yamagata, Ichiei Narita, Kouichi Tamura, Motoko Yanagita, Yoshio Terada, Takashi Shigematsu, Tadashi Sofue, Takafumi Ito, Hirokazu Okada, Naoki Nakashima, Hiromi Kataoka, Kazuhiko Ohe, Mihoko Okada, Seiji Itano, Akira Nishiyama, Eiichiro Kanda, Kohjiro Ueki, Naoki Kashihara

    DIABETES CARE   44 ( 11 )   2542 - 2551   2021年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    OBJECTIVE Randomized controlled trials have shown kidney-protective effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, and clinical practice databases have suggested that these effects translate to clinical practice. However, long-term efficacy, as well as whether the presence or absence of proteinuria and the rate of estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) decline prior to SGLT2 inhibitor initiation modify treatment efficacy among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using the Japan Chronic Kidney Disease Database (J-CKD-DB), a nationwide multicenter CKD registry, we developed propensity scores for SGLT2 inhibitor initiation, with 1:1 matching with patients who were initiated on other glucose-lowering drugs. The primary outcome included rate of eGFR decline, and the secondary outcomes included a composite outcome of 50% eGFR decline or end-stage kidney disease. RESULTS At baseline, mean age at initiation of the SGLT2 inhibitor (n = 1,033) or other glucose-lowering drug (n = 1,033) was 64.4 years, mean eGFR was 68.1 mL/min per 1.73 m(2), and proteinuria was apparent in 578 (28.0%) of included patients. During follow-up, SGLT2 inhibitor initiation was associated with reduced eGFR decline (difference in slope for SGLT2 inhibitors vs. other drugs 0.75 mL/min/1.73 m(2) per year [0.51 to 1.00]). During a mean follow-up of 24 months, 103 composite kidney outcomes occurred: 30 (14 events per 1,000 patient-years) among the SGLT2 inhibitors group and 73 (36 events per 1,000 patient-years) among the other drugs group (hazard ratio 0.40, 95% CI 0.26-0.61). The benefit provided by SGLT2 inhibitors was consistent irrespective of proteinuria and rate of eGFR decline before initiation of SGLT2 inhibitors (P-heterogeneity >= 0.35). CONCLUSIONS The benefits of SGLT2 inhibitors on kidney function as observed in clinical trials translate to patients treated in clinical practice with no evidence that the effects are modified by the underlying rate of kidney function decline or the presence of proteinuria.

    DOI: 10.2337/dc21-1081

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  • Upregulation of Mir342 in Diet-Induced Obesity Mouse and the Hypothalamic Appetite Control (vol 12, 727915, 2021)

    Dongxiao Zhang, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Xinhao Zhang, Boxuan Yang, Naoko Kurooka, Ryosuke Sugawara, Haya Hamed Hassan Albuayjan, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Takeshi Y. Hiyama, Atsunori Kamiya, Jun Wada

    FRONTIERS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY   12   2021年11月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA  

    DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2021.811189

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  • Blood concentrations of tacrolimus upon conversion from rabeprazole to vonoprazan in renal transplant recipients: Correlation with cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms

    Shogo Watari, Motoo Araki, Jun Matsumoto, Kasumi Yoshinaga, Takanori Sekito, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Koichiro Wada, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masashi Kitagawa, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Noritaka Ariyoshi, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    DRUG METABOLISM AND PHARMACOKINETICS   40   2021年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE SOC STUDY XENOBIOTICS  

    We evaluated the impact of vonoprazan on blood concentrations of tacrolimus via a retrospective analysis of 52 renal transplant recipients who took tacrolimus and converted from rabeprazole to vonoprazan between August 2018 and September 2019. We compared tacrolimus trough levels upon conversion among groups that were classified based on cytochrome P450 (CYP) gene polymorphisms. CYP3A5 groups were heterozygous or homozygous for CYP3A5*1 and CYP3A5*3 alleles. CYP2C19 geno-types were classified as extensive (*1/*1), intermediate (* 1/*2 and *1/*3) or poor metabolizers (*2/*2, *2/ *3 and *3/*3). Tacrolimus trough levels increased only 0.3 ng/mL upon conversion in the CYP3A5*3/*3 group: 5.8 [3.4-7.2] vs 6.1 [3.8-7.9]; p = 0.06. No statistically significance changes in tacrolimus levels also occurred in the CYP3A5*1/*1 or CYP3A5*1/*3 groups. Subgroup analyses of CYP3A5*3/*3 demonstrated low changes for all three CYP2C19 subgroups: 5.2 [4.3-6.5] vs 6.2 [4.3-7.9]; p = 0.07, 6.1 [3.4-7.2] vs 6.7 [4.6-7.9]; p = 0.12 and 5.4 [3.6-6.5] vs 4.7 [3.8-6.3]; p = 1.00, respectively. Conversion to vonoprazan thus resulted in little increase of tacrolimus trough levels, even in the group predicted to be most susceptible (CYP3A5*3/*3 and 2C19*1/*1), thus supporting the safety of concomitant use of vonoprazan with tacrolimus. (C) 2021 The Japanese Society for the Study of Xenobiotics. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.dmpk.2021.100407

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  • Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors Work as a "Regulator" of Autophagic Activity in Overnutrition Diseases

    Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Kenji Tsuji, Jun Wada

    FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY   12   2021年10月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA  

    Several large clinical trials have shown renal and cardioprotective effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in diabetes patients, and the protective mechanisms need to be elucidated. There have been accumulating studies which report that SGLT2 inhibitors ameliorate autophagy deficiency of multiple organs. In overnutrition diseases, SGLT2 inhibitors affect the autophagy via various signaling pathways, including mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathways. Recently, it turned out that not only stagnation but also overactivation of autophagy causes cellular damages, indicating that therapeutic interventions which simply enhance or stagnate autophagy activity might be a "double-edged sword" in some situations. A small number of studies suggest that SGLT2 inhibitors not only activate but also suppress the autophagy flux depending on the situation, indicating that SGLT2 inhibitors can "regulate" autophagic activity and help achieve the appropriate autophagy flux in each organ. Considering the complicated control and bilateral characteristics of autophagy, the potential of SGLT2 inhibitors as the regulator of autophagic activity would be beneficial in the treatment of autophagy deficiency.

    DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2021.761842

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  • Feasible kidney donation with living marginal donors, including diabetes mellitus

    Kasumi Yoshinaga, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Takanori Sekito, Shogo Watari, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Kohei Edamura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hidemi Takeuchi, Masashi Kitagawa, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    IMMUNITY INFLAMMATION AND DISEASE   9 ( 3 )   1061 - 1068   2021年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Objectives: To compare the donor outcomes of living donor kidney transplantation between standard donors (SDs) and marginal donors (MDs) including diabetic patients (MD + DM).Methods: MDs were defined according to Japanese guideline criteria: (a) age >70-years, (b) blood pressure <= 130/80 mmHg on hypertension medicine, (c) body mass index >25 to <= 32 kg/m(2), (d) 24-h creatinine clearance >= 70 to <80 ml/min/1.73 m(2), and (e) hemoglobin A1c > 6.2 or <= 6.5 with oral diabetic medicine. Fifty-three of 114 donors were MDs. We compared donor kidney functions until 60 months postoperatively.Results: No kidney function parameters were different between SDs and MDs. When comparing SD and MD + DM, MD + DM had a lower postoperative eGFR (48 vs. 41 (1 (month), p = .02), 49 vs. 40 (12, p < .01), 48 vs. 42 (24, p = .04), 47 vs. 38 (36, p = .01)) and the percentage of residual eGFR (SD vs. MD + DM: 63 vs. 57 (1 (month), p < .01), 63 vs. 57 (2, p < .01), 64 vs. 56 (12, p < .01), 63 vs. 57 (24, p < .01), 63 vs. 52 (36, p = .02)). However, when MD with a single risk factor of DM was compared to SD, the difference disappeared. Nine out of 12 (75%) MD + DM had >= 2 risk factors.Conclusions: Although long-term observation of donor kidney function is necessary, careful MD + DM selection had the potential to expand the donor pool.

    DOI: 10.1002/iid3.470

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  • Longitudinal observation of insulin secretory ability before and after the onset of immune checkpoint inhibitor-induced diabetes mellitus: A report of two cases

    Noriko Fujiwara, Mayu Watanabe, Akihiro Katayama, Yohei Noda, Jun Eguchi, Hitomi Kataoka, Shunsuke Kagawa, Jun Wada

    CLINICAL CASE REPORTS   9 ( 9 )   2021年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Immune checkpoint inhibitor-induced diabetes mellitus is a rare immune-related adverse event. This report illustrates clinical data and insulin secretory ability before and after the onset of immune checkpoint inhibitor-induced diabetes.

    DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.4574

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  • Lgals9 deficiency ameliorates obesity by modulating redox state of PRDX2 (vol 11, 5991, 2021)

    Tomokazu Nunoue, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Akihiro Katayama, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Toshiro Niki, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   11 ( 1 )   2021年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:NATURE PORTFOLIO  

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-98293-1

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  • Total vascular resistance, augmentation index, and augmentation pressure increase in patients with peripheral artery disease. 国際誌

    Rika Takemoto, Haruhito A Uchida, Hironobu Toda, Ken Okada, Fumio Otsuka, Hiroshi Ito, Jun Wada

    Medicine   100 ( 32 )   e26931   2021年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    ABSTRACT: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of major vascular diseases which frequently coexists with coronary arterial disease and cerebrovascular disease. The patients with PAD have a poor prognosis when it progresses. A new blood pressure testing device enables to simultaneously measure brachial blood pressure (BP), central BP, and several vascular parameters, with easy and non-invasive, in a short time. Here, we aimed to evaluate these arterial stiffness parameters in patients with PAD.In this study, 243 consecutive patients who were suspected of having PAD and referred to our hospital from September 2016 to June 2019, were registered. Several parameters, such as brachial BP, central BP, aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), total vascular resistance (TVR), augmentation index (AI) and augmentation pressure (AP), were determined by Mobil-O-Graph. Ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) was used to define PAD (ABI ≤ 0.9 as PAD). The relationship between PAD and central BP, aPWV, TVR, AI, or AP were investigated.One hundred sixty-two patients (67%) were categorized as the PAD group and 81 patients (33%) as the non-PAD group. In the PAD group, the systolic brachial BP and central systolic BP were significantly higher than those in the non-PAD group (138 ± 24 mmHg vs 131 ± 19 mmHg, P < .05, 125 ± 22 mmHg vs 119 ± 18 mmHg, P < .05, respectively). TVR, AI, and AP were significantly higher in the PAD group (1785 ± 379 dyn s/cm5 vs 1661 ± 317 dyn s/cm5, P < .05, 26.2 ± 13.0% vs 22.2 ± 13.3%, P < .05, 13.5 ± 9.4 mmHg vs 10.7 ± 7.2 mmHg, P < .05, respectively). No significant differences in diastolic BP, central diastolic BP, and aPWV were found between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that PAD was significantly associated with TVR, AI, and AP (P < .05, respectively).TVR/AP/AI were significantly higher in the PAD group than in the non-PAD group.

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  • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION STUDY FOR THE ONSET OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN JAPANESE POPULATION

    Yuka Sugawara, Yosuke Hirakawa, Hajime Nagasu, Akira Narita, Jun Wada, Takashi Wada, Toshiaki Nakano, Motoko Yanagita, Ichiei Narita, Seizo Koshiba, Gen Tamiya, Masaomi Nangaku, Masayuki Yamamoto, Naoki Kashihara

    NEPHROLOGY   26   7 - 8   2021年8月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

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  • Successful deceased donor kidney transplantation to a recipient with a history of COVID-19 treatment

    Kasumi Yoshinaga, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Kou Hasegawa, Takanori Sekito, Shuji Miyake, Shogo Watari, Yuki Maruyama, Takuya Sadahira, Shingo Nishimura, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuri Nakashima, Masaru Kinomura, Herik Acosta, Yosuke Mitsui, Risa Kubota, Hirochika Nakajima, Kohei Edamura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Fumio Otsuka, Jun Wada, Yasutomo Nasu

    JOURNAL OF INFECTION AND CHEMOTHERAPY   27 ( 7 )   1097 - 1101   2021年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER  

    Case presentation.A 49-year-old Asian male, who had undergone hemodialysis for >16 years, complained of a fever, dysgeusia and dysosmia, and was diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia based on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 polymerase chain reaction (SARS-CoV-2 PCR) and computed tomography (CT). Treatment was started with oral favipiravir and ciclesonide inhalation. On the 10th day of treatment, the patient had a persistent high fever and a chest CT showed exacerbation of pneumonia, so dexamethasone was intravenously started. He was discharged after confirming two consecutive negative SARS-CoV-2 PCR tests. Three months after COVID-19 treatment, a SARS-CoV-2 PCR test was negative and he underwent a deceased donor kidney transplantation. Basiliximab induction with triple drug immunosuppression consisting of extended-release tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone, which is our regular immunosuppression protocol, was used. He was discharged on postoperative day 18 without the need for postoperative hemodialysis or any complications. The serum creatinine level was 1.72 mg/dL 95 days postoperatively and he had a favorable clinical course that was similar to deceased donor kidney recipients without a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection.Conclusion. We report the first case of a kidney transplantation after COVID-19 treatment in Japan and the fourth case globally. We would like to provide information about our successful case due to the anticipated increase in similar candidates in the near future.(c) 2021 Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and The Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jiac.2021.03.018

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  • RUNX2 Phosphorylation by Tyrosine Kinase ABL Promotes Breast Cancer Invasion (vol 11, 665273, 2021)

    Fang He, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yosuke Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Takayuki Katsuyama, Jose La Rose, Nahoko Tomonobu, Ni Luh Gede Yoni Komalasari, Masakiyo Sakaguchi, Robert Rottapel, Jun Wada

    FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY   11   2021年7月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA  

    DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2021.729192

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  • Association of blood pressure and renal outcome in patients with chronic kidney disease; a post hoc analysis of FROM-J study

    Mariko Tsuchida-Nishiwaki, Haruhito A. Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Noriyuki Nishiwaki, Yohei Maeshima, Chie Saito, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Ichiei Narita, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Seiichi Matsuo, Hirofumi Makino, Akira Hishida, Kunihiro Yamagata

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   11 ( 1 )   2021年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PORTFOLIO  

    It is well-known that hypertension exacerbates chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, however, the optimal target blood pressure (BP) level in patients with CKD remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the optimal BP level for preventing CKD progression. The risk of renal outcome among different BP categories at baseline as well as 1 year after, were evaluated using individual CKD patient data aged between 40 and 74 years from FROM-J [Frontier of Renal Outcome Modifications in Japan] study. The renal outcome was defined as >= 40% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate to<60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), or a diagnosis of end stage renal disease. Regarding baseline BP, the group of systolic BP (SBP) 120-129 mmHg had the lowest risk of the renal outcome, which increased more than 60% in SBP<greater than or equal to>130 mmHg group. A significant increase in the renal outcome was found only in the group of diastolic BP >= 90 mmHg. The group of BP<130/80 mmHg had a benefit for lowering the risk regardless of the presence of proteinuria, and it significantly reduced the risk in patients with proteinuria. Achieving SBP level<130 mmHg after one year resulted in a 42% risk reduction in patients with SBP level >= 130 mmHg at baseline. Targeting SBP level<130 mmHg would be associated with the preferable renal outcome.Clinical Trial Registration-URL: https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/. Unique identifier: UMIN000001159 (16/05/2008).

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  • ABO Blood Incompatibility Positively Affects Early Graft Function: Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study

    Shogo Watari, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Kasumi Yoshinaga, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masashi Kitagawa, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS   53 ( 5 )   1494 - 1500   2021年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    Background. We investigated the association between ABO-incompatible (ABO-I) kidney transplantation and early graft function. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed 95 patients who underwent living donor kidney trans-plantation between May 2009 and July 2019. It included 61 ABO-compatible (ABO-C) and 34 ABO-I transplantations. We extracted data on immunologic profile, sex, age, cold ischemic time, type of immunosuppression, and graft function. Two definitions were used for slow graft func-tion (SGF) as follows: postoperative day (POD) 3 serum creatinine level >3 mg/dL and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <20 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Logistic regression analysis was per -formed to analyze the effect of ABO-I on the incidence of SGF . Results. The characteristics between the ABO-C and ABO-I were not different. ABO-I received rituximab and plasma exchange. Patients also received tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil for 2 weeks and prednisolone for 1 week before transplantation as preconditioning. Of the 95 study patients, 19 (20%) and 21 (22%) were identified with SGF according to POD 3 serum creatinine level or eGFR, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that ABO-I signifi- cantly reduced the incidence of SGF (odds ratio, 0.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.7; P = .02), and cold ischemic time >150 min increased the incidence of SGF (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-25; P = .006). Similar results were identified in POD 3 eGFR. Inferior graft function in patients with SGF was identified up to 6 months after transplantation. Conclusion. ABO-I reduces the incidence of SGF, which is associated with an inferior graft function up to 6 months.

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  • The effect of Humanitude care methodology on improving empathy: a six-year longitudinal study of medical students in Japan

    Yusuke Fukuyasu, Hitomi U. Kataoka, Miwako Honda, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Masaru Sato, Mayu Watanabe, Chikako Fujii, Jun Wada, Jennifer DeSantis, Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S. Gonnella

    BMC MEDICAL EDUCATION   21 ( 1 )   2021年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BMC  

    BackgroundEmpathy, which involves understanding another person's experiences and concerns, is an important component for developing physicians' overall competence. This longitudinal study was designed to test the hypothesis that medical students' empathy can be enhanced and sustained by Humanitude Care Methodology, which focuses on perception, emotion and speech.MethodsThis six-year longitudinal observational study examined 115 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2013. The study participants were exposed to two empathy-enhancing programs: (1) a communication skills training program (involving medical interviews) and (2) a Humanitude training program aimed at enhancing their empathy. They completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) seven times: when they entered medical school, before participation in the first program (medical interview), immediately after the first program, before the second program (Humanitude exercise), immediately after the second program, and in the 5th and 6th year (last year) of medical school. A total of 79 students (69% of the cohort) completed all seven test administrations of the JSE.ResultsThe mean JSE scores improved significantly after participation in the medical interview program (p<0.01) and the Humanitude training program (p=0.001). However, neither program showed a sustained effect.ConclusionsThe Humanitude training program as well as medical interview training program, had significant short-term positive effects for improving empathy among medical students. Additional reinforcements may be necessary for a long-term sustained effect.

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  • Novel Urinary Glycan Biomarkers Predict Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Multicenter Prospective Study With 5-Year Follow Up (U-CARE Study 2)

    Koki Mise, Mariko Imamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Mayu Watanabe, Chigusa Higuchi, Akihiro Katayama, Satoshi Miyamoto, Haruhito A. Uchida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazuyuki Hida, Tatsuaki Nakato, Atsuhito Tone, Sanae Teshigawara, Takashi Matsuoka, Shinji Kamei, Kazutoshi Murakami, Ikki Shimizu, Katsuhiro Miyashita, Shinichiro Ando, Tomokazu Nunoue, Michihiro Yoshida, Masao Yamada, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    FRONTIERS IN CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE   8   2021年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:FRONTIERS MEDIA SA  

    Background: Although various biomarkers predict cardiovascular event (CVE) in patients with diabetes, the relationship of urinary glycan profile with CVE in patients with diabetes remains unclear.Methods: Among 680 patients with type 2 diabetes, we examined the baseline urinary glycan signals binding to 45 lectins with different specificities. Primary outcome was defined as CVE including cardiovascular disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease.Results: During approximately a 5-year follow-up period, 62 patients reached the endpoint. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that urinary glycan signals binding to two lectins were significantly associated with the outcome after adjustment for known indicators of CVE and for false discovery rate, as well as increased model fitness. Hazard ratios for these lectins (+1 SD for the glycan index) were UDA (recognizing glycan: mixture of Man5 to Man9): 1.78 (95% CI: 1.24-2.55, P = 0.002) and Calsepa [High-Man (Man2-6)]: 1.56 (1.19-2.04, P = 0.001). Common glycan binding to these lectins was high-mannose type of N-glycans. Moreover, adding glycan index for UDA to a model including known confounders improved the outcome prediction [Difference of Harrel's C-index: 0.028 (95% CI: 0.001-0.055, P = 0.044), net reclassification improvement at 5-year risk increased by 0.368 (0.045-0.692, P = 0.026), and the Akaike information criterion and Bayesian information criterion decreased from 725.7 to 716.5, and 761.8 to 757.2, respectively].Conclusion: The urinary excretion of high-mannose glycan may be a valuable biomarker for improving prediction of CVE in patients with type 2 diabetes, and provides the rationale to explore the mechanism underlying abnormal N-glycosylation occurring in patients with diabetes at higher risk of CVE.

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  • Vasohibin-2 Aggravates Development of Ascending Aortic Aneurysms but not Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms nor Atherosclerosis in ApoE-Deficient Mice

    Nozomu Otaka, Haruhito A. Uchida, Michihiro Okuyama, Yoshiko Hada, Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuki Kakio, Hidemi Takeuchi, Ryoko Umebayashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION   34 ( 5 )   467 - 475   2021年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    BACKGROUNDVasohibin-2 (VASH2) has been isolated as a homologue of vasohibin-1 (VASH1) that promotes angiogenesis counteracting with VASH1. Chronic angiotensin II (AngII) infusion promotes both ascending and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAs) in mice. The present study aimed to investigate whether exogenous VASH2 influenced AngII-induced vascular pathology in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice.METHODSMale, ApoE(-/-) mice (9-14 weeks old) were injected with Ad LacZ or Ad VASH2. After a week, saline or AngII (1,000 ng/kg/minute) was infused into the mice subcutaneously via mini-osmotic pumps for 3 weeks. Consequently, all these mice were divided into 4 groups: saline + LacZ (n = 5), saline + VASH2 (n = 5), AngII + LacZ (n = 18), and AngII + VASH2 (n = 17).RESULTSExogenous VASH2 had no significant effect on ex vivo maximal diameters of abdominal aortas (AngII + LacZ: 1.67 0.17 mm, AngII + VASH2: 1.52 +/- 0.16 mm, n.s.) or elastin fragmentation and accumulation of inflammatory cells. Conversely, exogenous VASH2 significantly increased intima areas of aortic arches (AngII + LacZ: 16.6 +/- 0.27 mm(2), AngII + VASH2: 18.6 +/- 0.64 mm(2), P = 0.006). VASH2 effect of AngII-induced ascending AAs was associated with increased cleaved caspase-3 abundance. AngII-induced atherosclerosis was not altered by VASH2.CONCLUSIONSThe present study demonstrated that augmented VASH2 expression had no effect of AngII-induced abdominal AAs or atherosclerosis, while increasing dilation in the ascending aorta.

    DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpaa181

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  • Orexin A Enhances Pro-Opiomelanocortin Transcription Regulated by BMP-4 in Mouse Corticotrope AtT20 Cells

    Satoshi Fujisawa, Motoshi Komatsubara, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Nahoko Iwata, Takahiro Nada, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   22 ( 9 )   2021年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Orexin is expressed mainly in the hypothalamus and is known to activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis that is involved in various stress responses and its resilience. However, the effects of orexin on the endocrine function of pituitary corticotrope cells remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the roles of orexin A in pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) transcription using mouse corticotrope AtT20 cells, focusing on the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system expressed in the pituitary. Regarding the receptors for orexin, type 2 (OXR2) rather than type 1 (OX1R) receptor mRNA was predominantly expressed in AtT20 cells. It was found that orexin A treatment enhanced POMC expression, induced by corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) stimulation through upregulation of CRH receptor type-1 (CRHR1). Orexin A had no direct effect on the POMC transcription suppressed by BMP-4 treatment, whereas it suppressed Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation and Id-1 mRNA expression induced by BMP-4. It was further revealed that orexin A had no significant effect on the expression levels of type I and II BMP receptors but upregulated inhibitory Smad6/7 mRNA and protein levels in AtT20 cells. The results demonstrated that orexin A upregulated CRHR signaling and downregulated BMP-Smad signaling, leading to an enhancement of POMC transcription by corticotrope cells.

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  • Endonuclease increases efficiency of osteoblast isolation from murine calvariae. 国際誌

    Yosuke Asano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jose La Rose, Fang He, Takayuki Katsuyama, Wang Ziyi, Shigetomo Tsuji, Hiroshi Kamioka, Robert Rottapel, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   11 ( 1 )   8502 - 8502   2021年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE RESEARCH  

    Bone is a highly dynamic organ that undergoes remodeling equally regulated by osteoblast-mediated bone formation and osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. To clarify the regulation of osteoblastogenesis, primary murine osteoblasts are required for an in vitro study. Primary osteoblasts are isolated from neonatal calvariae through digestion with collagenase. However, the number of cells collected from one pup is not sufficient for further in vitro experiments, leading to an increase in the use of euthanized pups. We hypothesized that the viscosity of digested calvariae and digestion solution supplemented with collagenase results in cell clumping and reduction of isolated cells from bones. We simply added Benzonase, a genetically engineered endonuclease that shears all forms of DNAs/RNAs, in order to reduce nucleic acid-mediated viscosity. We found that addition of Benzonase increased the number of collected osteoblasts by three fold compared to that without Benzonase through reduction of viscosity. Additionally, Benzonase has no effect on cellular identity and function. The new osteoblast isolation protocol with Benzonase minimizes the number of neonatal pups required for an in vitro study and expands the concept that isolation of other populations of cells including osteocytes that are difficult to be purified could be modified by Benzonase.

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  • THE IMPACT OF BLOOD PRESSURE MANAGEMENT IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE: A MULTICENTER PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY IN JAPAN

    Mariko Nishiwaki, Haruhito A. Uchida, Nozomu Otaka, Yoshiko Hada, Yasuhiro Onishi, Natsumi Uchiyama, Shugo Okamoto, Rika Takemoto, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Chie Saito, Kunihiro Yamagata, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION   39   E122 - E123   2021年4月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

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  • Fisetin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Responses in Macrophage

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A. Uchida, Jun Wada

    BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL   2021   2021年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:HINDAWI LTD  

    Several studies have reported the efficacy and safety of polyphenols in human health; however, the verification of their efficacy remains insufficient. The aim of this study was to examine whether fisetin, one of flavonoids prevalently present in fruits and vegetables, could suppress lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced inflammatory responses in macrophages. LPS increased proinflammatory mRNA abundance (MCP 1, IL-1 beta, and iNOS) but were suppressed by fisetin. The increment of nitric oxide by LPS, an oxidative stress factor, was attenuated by fisetin. In addition, LPS-enhanced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK and JNK) was reduced. Finally, fisetin attenuated the expression or activity of uPA, uPAR, MMP-2, and MMP-9, which are known as associated factors of macrophage recruitment or infiltration. In conclusion, fisetin is a promising therapeutic agent for macrophage-related inflammation diseases, like sepsis and atherosclerosis.

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  • Association of glucocorticoid doses and emotional health in lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS): a cross-sectional study. 国際誌

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Sayaka Shimizu, Yusuke Ogawa, Ken-Ei Sada, Yu Katayama, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Yajima, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Yasuhiro Shimojima, Shigeru Ohno, Hiroshi Kajiyama, Kunihiro Ichinose, Shuzo Sato, Michio Fujiwara, Hajime Yamazaki, Yosuke Yamamoto, Jun Wada, Shunichi Fukuhara

    Arthritis research & therapy   23 ( 1 )   79 - 79   2021年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: While survival of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients has improved substantially, problems remain in the management of their emotional health. Medium to high-dose glucocorticoid doses are known to worsen emotional health; the effect is unclear among patients receiving relatively low-dose glucocorticoids. This study aims to investigate the association between low glucocorticoid doses and emotional health in lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on data from SLE patients in 10 Japanese institutions. The participants were adult patients with SLE duration of ≥ 1 year who met LLDAS criteria at the study visit from April 2018 through September 2019. The exposure was the daily glucocorticoid dose (mg oral prednisolone). The outcome was the emotional health score of the lupus patient-reported outcome scale (range: 0 to 100). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with adjustment for confounders including disease-related damage, activity, and psychotropic drug use. RESULTS: Of 192 patients enrolled, 175 were included in the analysis. Their characteristics were as follows: female, 89.7%; median age, 47 years (interquartile range (IQR): 37.0, 61.0). Median glucocorticoid dose was 4.0 mg (IQR 2.0, 5.0), and median emotional health score 79.2 (IQR 58.3, 91.7). Multiple linear regression analysis showed daily glucocorticoid doses to be associated with worse emotional health (β coefficient = - 2.54 [95% confidence interval - 4.48 to - 0.60], P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Daily glucocorticoid doses were inversely associated with emotional health among SLE patients in LLDAS. Further studies are needed to determine whether glucocorticoid tapering leads to clinically significant improvements in emotional health.

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  • A Vaspin-HSPA1L complex protects proximal tubular cells from organelle stress in diabetic kidney disease

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Jun Eguchi, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY   4 ( 1 )   2021年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE RESEARCH  

    Proximal tubular cells (PTCs) are crucial for maintaining renal homeostasis, and tubular injuries contribute to progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). However, the roles of visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) in the development of DKD is not known. We found vaspin maintains PTCs through ameliorating ER stress, autophagy impairment, and lysosome dysfunction in DKD. Vaspin-/- obese mice showed enlarged and leaky lysosomes in PTCs associated with increased apoptosis, and these abnormalities were also observed in the patients with DKD. During internalization into PTCs, vaspin formed a complex with heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1 like (HSPA1L) as well as 78kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78). Both vaspin-partners bind to clathrin heavy chain and involve in the endocytosis. Notably, albumin-overload enhanced extracellular release of HSPA1L and overexpression of HSPA1L dissolved organelle stresses, especially autophagy impairment. Thus, vapsin/HSPA1L-mediated pathways play critical roles in maintaining organellar function of PTCs in DKD.

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  • Novel urinary glycan profiling by lectin array serves as the biomarkers for predicting renal prognosis in patients with IgA nephropathy

    Chieko Kawakita, Koki Mise, Yasuhiro Onishi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Michihiro Yoshida, Masao Yamada, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   11 ( 1 )   2021年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PORTFOLIO  

    In IgA nephropathy (IgAN), IgA1 molecules are characterized by galactose deficiency in O-glycans. Here, we investigated the association between urinary glycosylation profile measured by 45 lectins at baseline and renal prognosis in 142 patients with IgAN. The primary outcome was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline (>4 mL/min/1.73 m(2)/year), or eGFR >= 30% decline from baseline, or initiation of renal replacement therapies within 3 years. During follow-up (3.4 years, median), 26 patients reached the renal outcome (Group P), while 116 patients were with good renal outcome (Group G). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that lectin binding signals of Erythrina cristagalli lectin (ECA) (odds ratio [OR] 2.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-7.28) and Narcissus pseudonarcissus lectin (NPA) (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.11-4.85) adjusted by age, sex, eGFR, and urinary protein were significantly associated with the outcome, and they recognize Gal(beta 1-4)GlcNAc and high-mannose including Man(alpha 1-6)Man, respectively. The addition of two lectin-binding glycan signals to the interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy score further improved the model fitness (Akaike's information criterion) and incremental predictive abilities (c-index, net reclassification improvement, and integrated discrimination improvement). Urinary N-glycan profiling by lectin array is useful in the prediction of IgAN prognosis, since ECA and NPA recognize the intermediate glycans during N-glycosylation of various glycoproteins.

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  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis with obstructive pneumonia progressing to hypertrophic pachymeningitis: A case report. 国際誌

    Keigo Hayashi, Haruki Watanabe, Yuriko Yamamura, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Medicine   100 ( 3 )   e24028   2021年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    RATIONALE: Bronchial involvement alone is a rare initial manifestation of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Herein, we report a case of refractory GPA with obstructive pneumonia caused by bronchial involvement. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old man complained of a 2-week cough and fever. DIAGNOSES: Considering the presence of opacities and multiple consolidations in both lungs due to obstruction or stenosis on the bronchus, which did not respond to antibiotics, and proteinase-3-antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody positivity, he was diagnosed with GPA. Positron emission tomography- computed tomography scan revealed no abnormal findings in the upper respiratory tract. INTERVENTIONS: He was treated with prednisolone (PSL, 50 mg/d) and intravenous cyclophosphamide. OUTCOMES: His general and respiratory symptoms improved. However, 8 weeks after PSL treatment at 20 mg/d, he developed a relapse of vasculitis along with sinusitis and hypertrophic pachymeningitis. Hence, PSL treatment was resumed to 50 mg/d, and weekly administration of rituximab was initiated. Consequently, the symptoms gradually mitigated. LESSONS: GPA with bronchial involvement is often intractable and requires careful follow-up, which should include upper respiratory tract and hypertrophic pachymeningitis assessment.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000024028

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  • Effects of LDL apheresis on proteinuria in patients with diabetes mellitus, severe proteinuria, and dyslipidemia

    Takashi Wada, Akinori Hara, Eri Muso, Shoichi Maruyama, Sawako Kato, Kengo Furuichi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Tadashi Toyama, Norihiko Sakai, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Mariko Miyazaki, Eiichi Sato, Masanori Abe, Yugo Shibagaki, Ichiei Narita, Shin Goto, Yuichi Sakamaki, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Noriko Mori, Yukio Yuzawa, Midori Hasegawa, Takeshi Matsubara, Jun Wada, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Kosuke Masutani, Yasuhiro Abe, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Shouichi Fujimoto, Shuji Iwatsubo, Akihiro Tsuda, Hitoshi Suzuki, Kenji Kasuno, Yoshio Terada, Takeshi Nakata, Noriaki Iino, Tadashi Sofue, Hitomi Miyata, Toshiaki Nakano, Takayasu Ohtake, Shuzo Kobayashi

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   25 ( 1 )   1 - 8   2021年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Background Patients with diabetes mellitus and severe proteinuria present with poor renal prognoses, despite improvements in diabetes and kidney disease therapies. In this study, we designed a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol apheresis treatment for patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN)/diabetic kidney disease and severe proteinuria. This was a multicenter prospective LICENSE study to confirm the impact of LDL apheresis on proteinuria that exhibited hyporesponsiveness to treatment. In addition, we sought to determine the efficacy and safety of LDL apheresis by comparing the outcomes to those of historical controls in patients with diabetes, refractory hypercholesterolemia, and severe proteinuria. Methods This was a prospective, multicenter study, including 40 patients with diabetes, severe proteinuria, and dyslipidemia. LDL apheresis was performed 6-12 times over a 12-week period. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a decrease in proteinuria excretion of at least 30% in the 6 months after starting therapy. The secondary endpoints included serum creatinine levels and laboratory variables, which were evaluated 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after therapy initiation. Results LDL apheresis was performed on 40 registered patients with diabetes. The proportion of cases in which proteinuria decreased by 30% or more after 6 months of LDL apheresis was 25%, which was similar to that of historical controls. The overall survival and end-stage kidney disease-free survival rates were significantly higher in the LICENSE group compared to those in historical controls. Conclusion Our results suggest that LDL apheresis may be effective and safe for patients with diabetes, proteinuria, and dyslipidemia.

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  • MicroRNAs as Biomarkers for Nephrotic Syndrome

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   22 ( 1 )   2021年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Nephrotic syndrome represents the clinical situation characterized by presence of massive proteinuria and low serum protein caused by a variety of diseases, including minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and membranous glomerulonephropathy. Differentiating between diagnoses requires invasive renal biopsies in general. Even with the biopsy, we encounter difficulties to differentiate MCNS and FSGS in some cases. There is no other better option currently available for the diagnosis other than renal biopsy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are no-coding RNAs of approximately 20 nucleotides in length, which regulate target genes in the post-transcriptional processes and have essential roles in many diseases. MiRNAs in serum and urine have been shown as non-invasive biomarkers in multiple diseases, including renal diseases. In this article, we summarize the current knowledge of miRNAs as the promising biomarkers for nephrotic syndrome.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms22010088

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  • The resolution of immunofluorescent pathological images affects diagnosis for not only artificial intelligence but also human

    Kensaku Takahashi, Shinji Kitamura, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Jun Wada

    Journal of Nephropathology   10 ( 3 )   2021年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Introduction: For human, the resolution of images is important for diagnosis. Many clinical applications of artificial intelligence have been studied, however there are few reports on the difference in diagnosis between humans and artificial intelligence on the point of the renal pathological image resolution. Objectives: We examined whether the resolution of renal pathological images affects diagnosis of artificial intelligence and human. Patients and Methods: From 885 renal biopsy patients, we collected renal IgA immunofluorescent pathological images that resolution is 4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 and 512 pixels for each patient, and divided into training data set and validation data set, and created optimum deep learning models for each resolution. To compare with artificial intelligence nephrologist also tried to diagnose by using the same validation data set images. Results: We inputted IgA immunofluorescent pathological images into each optimum model. Human could not identify specific staining site with four pixels images, however, each resolution optimum model showed high accuracy, average over 80%. The each accuarcy was observed higher depending on the resolution. The area under the curve (AUC) showed higher diagnosis ratio depending on the resolution, too. Nephrologist performed high diagnosis sensitivity depending on resolution images as same as artificial intelligence. However, nephrologists’ diagnosis observed large variations in specificity depending on resolution. These results suggested that the resolution might affect specificity for human not artificial intelligence Conclusion: The resolution of images might be important for not AI but human on the point of specificity.

    DOI: 10.34172/jnp.2021.26

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  • Current Status of Familial LCAT Deficiency in Japan

    Masayuki Kuroda, Hideaki Bujo, Koutaro Yokote, Takeyoshi Murano, Takashi Yamaguchi, Masatsune Ogura, Katsunori Ikewaki, Masahiro Koseki, Yasuo Takeuchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Mika Hori, Kota Matsuki, Takashi Miida, Shinji Yokoyama, Jun Wada, Mariko Harada-Shiba

    JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS   28 ( 7 )   679 - 691   2021年

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:JAPAN ATHEROSCLEROSIS SOC  

    Lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a lipid-modification enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the acyl chain from the second position of lecithin to the hydroxyl group of cholesterol (FC) on plasma lipoproteins to form cholesteryl acylester and lysolecithin. Familial LCAT deficiency is an intractable autosomal recessive disorder caused by inherited dysfunction of the LCAT enzyme. The disease appears in two different phenotypes depending on the position of the gene mutation: familial LCAT deficiency (FLD, OMIM 245900) that lacks esterification activity on both HDL and ApoB-containing lipoproteins, and fish-eye disease (FED, OMIM 136120) that lacks activity only on HDL. Impaired metabolism of cholesterol and phospholipids due to LCAT dysfunction results in abnormal concentrations, composition and morphology of plasma lipoproteins and further causes ectopic lipid accumulation and/or abnormal lipid composition in certain tissues/cells, and serious dysfunction and complications in certain organs. Marked reduction of plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and corneal opacity are common clinical manifestations of FLD and FED. FLD is also accompanied by anemia, proteinuria and progressive renal failure that eventually requires hemodialysis. Replacement therapy with the LCAT enzyme should prevent progression of serious complications, particularly renal dysfunction and corneal opacity. A clinical research project aiming at gene/cell therapy is currently underway.

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.RV17051

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  • Acute Kidney Injury Caused by Evans Syndrome with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Systemic Sclerosis

    Natsumi Matsuoka, Haruki Watanabe, Naoko Kurooka, Sumari Kato, Chika Higashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masaru Kinomura, Nobuharu Fujii, Ken-Ei Sada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   60 ( 7 )   1055 - 1060   2021年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    A 65-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus developed acute kidney injury (AKI), Coombs-positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia and autoimmune thrombocytopenia; therefore, she was diagnosed with Evans syndrome (ES). Intravascular hemolysis was suggested as the cause of AKI based on the presence of acute tubular injury and trace hemosiderin deposits on the renal biopsy. The renal function, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia were restored by an increased dose of glucocorticoids, hemodialysis, and plasma exchange. Although ES with severe hemolytic anemia is very rare, it is important to detect possible renal dysfunction when encountering patients with severe hemolysis.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.5976-20

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  • Current diagnosis and management of primary chylomicronemia

    Okazaki, H., Gotoda, T., Ogura, M., Ishibashi, S., Inagaki, K., Daida, H., Hayashi, T., Hori, M., Masuda, D., Matsuki, K., Yokoyama, S., Harada-Shiba, M., Shimano, H., Yokote, K., Bujo, H., Yamashita, S., Tsukamoto, K., Ikewaki, K., Dobashi, K., Miyamoto, Y., Takegami, M., Sekijima, Y., Ishigaki, Y., Nohara, A., Koyama, S., Ono, K., Koseki, M., Takahashi, M., Nakamura, K., Miida, T., Kawashiri, M.-A., Minamino, T., Okazaki, S., Tada, H., Wada, J., Ohmura, H., Yamamoto, M., Takeuchi, Y., Nakatsuka, A., Hirayama, S., Kuroda, M., Yamaguchi, T., Murano, T.

    Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis   28 ( 9 )   2021年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.RV17054

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  • Diagnosis and management of sitosterolemia 2021

    Tada, H., Nomura, A., Ogura, M., Ikewaki, K., Ishigaki, Y., Inagaki, K., Tsukamoto, K., Dobashi, K., Nakamura, K., Hori, M., Matsuki, K., Yamashita, S., Yokoyama, S., Kawashiri, M.-A., Harada-Shiba, M., Harada-Shiba, M., Ishibashi, S., Yokoyama, S., Shimano, H., Yokote, K., Bujo, H., Yamashita, S., Tsukamoto, K., Hayashi, T., Ikewaki, K., Gotoda, T., Dobashi, K., Miyamoto, Y., Takegami, M., Sekijima, Y., Ishigaki, Y., Okazaki, H., Nohara, A., Koyama, S., Inagaki, K., Ono, K., Koseki, M., Daida, H., Takahashi, M., Nakamura, K., Miida, T., Kawashiri, M.-A., Minamino, T., Okazaki, S., Wada, J., Ogura, M., Ohmura, H., Hori, M., Matsuki, K., Yamamoto, M., Takeuchi, Y., Nakatsuka, A., Masuda, D., Hirayama, S., Kuroda, M., Yamaguchi, T., Murano, T., Tada, H.

    Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis   28 ( 8 )   2021年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.RV17052

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  • Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis: Molecular pathogenesis, clinical spectrum, diagnosis, and disease-modifying treatments

    Koyama, S., Sekijima, Y., Ogura, M., Hori, M., Matsuki, K., Miida, T., Harada-Shiba, M., Ishibashi, S., Yokoyama, S., Shimano, H., Yokote, K., Bujo, H., Yamashita, S., Tsukamoto, K., Hayashi, T., Ikewaki, K., Gotoda, T., Dobashi, K., Miyamoto, Y., Takegami, M., Ishigaki, Y., Okazaki, H., Nohara, A., Inagaki, K., Ono, K., Koseki, M., Daida, H., Takahashi, M., Nakamura, K., Kawashiri, M.-A., Minamino, T., Okazaki, S., Tada, H., Wada, J., Ohmura, H., Yamamoto, M., Takeuchi, Y., Nakatsuka, A., Masuda, D., Hirayama, S., Kuroda, M., Yamaguchi, T., Murano, T.

    Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis   28 ( 9 )   2021年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.RV17055

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  • Dynamin 1 is important for microtubule organization and stabilization in glomerular podocytes

    The Mon La, Hiromi Tachibana, Shun-Ai Li, Tadashi Abe, Sayaka Seiriki, Hikaru Nagaoka, Eizo Takashima, Tetsuya Takeda, Daisuke Ogawa, Shin-ichi Makino, Katsuhiko Asanuma, Masami Watanabe, Xuefei Tian, Shuta Ishibe, Ayuko Sakane, Takuya Sasaki, Jun Wada, Kohji Takei, Hiroshi Yamada

    FASEB JOURNAL   34 ( 12 )   16449 - 16463   2020年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Dynamin 1 is a neuronal endocytic protein that participates in vesicle formation by scission of invaginated membranes. Dynamin 1 is also expressed in the kidney; however, its physiological significance to this organ remains unknown. Here, we show that dynamin 1 is crucial for microtubule organization and stabilization in glomerular podocytes. By immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy, dynamin 1 was concentrated at microtubules at primary processes in rat podocytes. By immunofluorescence of differentiated mouse podocytes (MPCs), dynamin 1 was often colocalized with microtubule bundles, which radially arranged toward periphery of expanded podocyte. In dynamin 1-depleted MPCs by RNAi, alpha-tubulin showed a dispersed linear filament-like localization, and microtubule bundles were rarely observed. Furthermore, dynamin 1 depletion resulted in the formation of discontinuous, short acetylated alpha-tubulin fragments, and the decrease of microtubule-rich protrusions. Dynamins 1 and 2 double-knockout podocytes showed dispersed acetylated alpha-tubulin and rare protrusions. In vitro, dynamin 1 polymerized around microtubules and cross-linked them into bundles, and increased their resistance to the disassembly-inducing reagents Ca(2+)and podophyllotoxin. In addition, overexpression and depletion of dynamin 1 in MPCs increased and decreased the nocodazole resistance of microtubules, respectively. These results suggest that dynamin 1 supports the microtubule bundle formation and participates in the stabilization of microtubules.

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  • Low-dose rituximab induction therapy is effective in immunological high-risk renal transplantation without increasing cytomegalovirus infection

    Kasumi Yoshinaga, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masashi Kitagawa, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF UROLOGY   27 ( 12 )   1136 - 1142   2020年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    Objectives To analyze the effect and impact of low-dose rituximab induction therapy on cytomegalovirus infection in living-donor renal transplantation. Methods A total of 92 recipients undergoing living-donor renal transplantation at Okayama University Hospital from May 2009 to August 2018 were evaluated retrospectively. Indications for preoperative rituximab (200 mg/body) were the following: (i) ABO major mismatch; (ii) ABO minor mismatch; (iii) donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody-positive; and (iv) focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. We excluded four recipients who were followed <3 months, five who received >200 mg/body rituximab and seven who received prophylactic therapy for cytomegalovirus. Results There were 59 patients in the rituximab group and 17 in the non-rituximab group. Groups differed significantly in age (median age 53vs37 years, respectively;P = 0.04), but not in sex (male 64%vs65%,P = 1.00), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (3%vs0%,P = 1.00) or percentage of cytomegalovirus-seronegative recipients of renal allografts from cytomegalovirus-seropositive donors (12%vs18%,P = 0.68). The estimated glomerular filtration rate did not differ significantly between groups until 24 months after transplantation. Cytomegalovirus clinical symptoms (10%vs24%,P = 0.22), including fever >= 38 degrees C (5%vs12%,P = 0.31) and gastrointestinal symptoms (5%vs12%,P = 0.31), and the 5-year survival rates of death-censored graft loss (90%vs83%,P = 0.43) did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusions Low-dose rituximab induction therapy is effective in immunological high-risk recipients without increasing cytomegalovirus infection in the absence of valganciclovir prophylaxis.

    DOI: 10.1111/iju.14382

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  • Takayasu phlebitis

    Yu Katayama, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yuriko Yamamura, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    RHEUMATOLOGY   59 ( 12 )   E131 - E133   2020年12月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/keaa333

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  • Risk of higher dose methotrexate for renal impairment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. 国際誌

    Keigo Hayashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   10 ( 1 )   18715 - 18715   2020年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Renal impairment is a major concern in patients taking high-dose methotrexate (MTX) for malignancy, but it has not been fully explored in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients taking low-dose MTX. This study aimed to elucidate the dose-dependent effects of MTX on the renal function of patients with RA. We retrospectively reviewed 502 consecutive RA patients who were prescribed MTX for ≥ 1 year at Okayama University Hospital between 2006 and 2018. The primary outcome was the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over 1 year. The association between MTX dosage (< 8, 8-12, and ≥ 12 mg/week) and the change in eGFR was evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis with adjustment for possible confounding factors including age, sex, disease duration, body weight, comorbidity, baseline eGFR, concomitant treatment, and disease activity. Mean patient age was 63 years; 394 (78%) were female. Median disease duration was 77 months, while mean MTX dosage was 8.6 mg/week. The last 1-year change of eGFR (mean ± SD) in patients treated with MTX < 8 (n = 186), 8-12 (n = 219), ≥ 12 mg/week (n = 97) decreased by 0.2 ± 7.3, 0.6 ± 8.6, and 4.5 ± 7.9 mL/min/1.73 m2/year, respectively (p < 0.0001). After adjustment for the confounding factors, MTX ≥ 12 mg/week was still correlated with a decrease in 1-year eGFR (beta-coefficient: - 2.5; 95% confidence interval, - 4.3 to - 0.6; p = 0.0089) in contrast to MTX 8-12 mg/week. Careful monitoring of renal function is required in patients with MTX ≥ 12 mg/week over the course of RA treatment regardless of disease duration.

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  • Risk of higher dose methotrexate for renal impairment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    Keigo Hayashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   10 ( 1 )   2020年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE RESEARCH  

    Renal impairment is a major concern in patients taking high-dose methotrexate (MTX) for malignancy, but it has not been fully explored in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients taking low-dose MTX. This study aimed to elucidate the dose-dependent effects of MTX on the renal function of patients with RA. We retrospectively reviewed 502 consecutive RA patients who were prescribed MTX for >= 1 year at Okayama University Hospital between 2006 and 2018. The primary outcome was the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over 1 year. The association between MTX dosage (<8, 8-12, and >= 12 mg/week) and the change in eGFR was evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis with adjustment for possible confounding factors including age, sex, disease duration, body weight, comorbidity, baseline eGFR, concomitant treatment, and disease activity. Mean patient age was 63 years; 394 (78%) were female. Median disease duration was 77 months, while mean MTX dosage was 8.6 mg/week. The last 1-year change of eGFR (mean +/- SD) in patients treated with MTX<8 (n=186), 8-12 (n=219),>= 12 mg/week (n=97) decreased by 0.2 +/- 7.3, 0.6 +/- 8.6, and 4.5 +/- 7.9 mL/min/1.73 m(2)/year, respectively (p<0.0001). After adjustment for the confounding factors, MTX >= 12 mg/week was still correlated with a decrease in 1-year eGFR (beta-coefficient:-2.5; 95% confidence interval,-4.3 to-0.6; p=0.0089) in contrast to MTX 8-12 mg/week. Careful monitoring of renal function is required in patients with MTX >= 12 mg/week over the course of RA treatment regardless of disease duration.

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  • Inhibition of interleukin-6 signaling attenuates aortitis, left ventricular hypertrophy and arthritis in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist deficient mice

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A. Uchida, Tomoyuki Mukai, Fumiaki Kojima, Masashi Yoshida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Nozomu Otaka, Yoshitaka Morita, Jun Wada

    CLINICAL SCIENCE   134 ( 20 )   2771 - 2787   2020年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    The aim of the present study was to examine whether inhibition of Interleukin (IL)-6 signaling by MR16-1, an IL-6 receptor antibody, attenuates aortitis, cardiac hypertrophy, and arthritis in IL-1 receptor antagonist deficient (IL-1RA KO) mice. Four weeks old mice were intraperitoneally administered with either MR16-1 or non-immune IgG at dosages that were adjusted over time for 5 weeks. These mice were stratified into four groups: MR16-1 treatment groups, KO/MR low group (first 2.0 mg, following 0.5 mg/week, n=14) and KO/MR high group (first 4.0 mg, following 2.0 mg/week, n=19) in IL-1RA KO mice, and IgG treatment groups, KO/IgG group (first 2.0 mg, following 1.0 mg/week, n=22) in IL-1RA KO mice, and wild/IgG group (first 2.0 mg, following 1.0 mg/week, n=17) in wild mice. Aortitis, cardiac hypertrophy and arthropathy were histologically analyzed. Sixty-eight percent of the KO/IgG group developed aortitis (53% developed severe aortitis). In contrast, only 21% of the KO/MR high group developed mild aortitis, without severe aortitis (P<0.01, vs KO/IgG group). Infiltration of inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils, T cells, and macrophages, was frequently observed around aortic sinus of the KO/IgG group. Left ventricle and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy were observed in IL-1RA KO mice. Administration of high dosage of MR16-1 significantly suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. MR16-1 attenuated the incidence and severity of arthritis in IL-1RA KO mice in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, blockade of IL-6 signaling may exert a beneficial effect to attenuate severe aortitis, left ventricle hypertrophy, and arthritis.

    DOI: 10.1042/CS20201036

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  • Multicentric Reticulohistiocytosis in a Patient with Hand Contracture.

    Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Haruki Watanabe, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   59 ( 18 )   2337 - 2338   2020年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.4934-20

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  • Dysfunction of CD8+PD-1+T cells in type 2 diabetes caused by the impairment of metabolism-immune axis

    Ichiro Nojima, Shingo Eikawa, Nahoko Tomonobu, Yoshiko Hada, Nobuo Kajitani, Sanae Teshigawara, Satoshi Miyamoto, Atsuhito Tone, Haruhito A. Uchida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kenichi Shikata, Heiichiro Udono, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   10 ( 1 )   2020年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE RESEARCH  

    The metabolic changes and dysfunction in CD8+T cells may be involved in tumor progression and susceptibility to virus infection in type 2 diabetes (T2D). In C57BL/6JJcl mice fed with high fat-high sucrose chow (HFS), multifunctionality of CD8+splenic and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) was impaired and associated with enhanced tumor growth, which were inhibited by metformin. In CD8+splenic T cells from the HFS mice, glycolysis/basal respiration ratio was significantly reduced and reversed by metformin. In the patients with T2D (DM), multifunctionality of circulating CD8+PD-1+T cells stimulated with PMA/ionomycin as well as with HLA-A*24:02 CMV peptide was dampened, while metformin recovered multifunctionality. Both glycolysis and basal respiration were reduced in DM, and glycolysis was increased by metformin. The disturbance of the link between metabolism and immune function in CD8+PD-1+T cells in T2D was proved by recovery of antigen-specific and non-specific cytokine production via metformin-mediated increase in glycolytic activity.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-71946-3

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  • Tubulointerstitial Nephritis Cases With IgM-Positive Plasma Cells

    Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Kenji Tsuji, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Haruhito A. Uchida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Naoki Takahashi, Masayuki Iwano, Jun Wada

    KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL REPORTS   5 ( 9 )   1576 - 1580   2020年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ekir.2020.06.010

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  • Podocytopathy as 'stand-alone' involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report. 査読 国際誌

    Kenji Tsuji, Yoko Takatsu, Yu Katayama, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Lupus   29 ( 9 )   1148 - 1150   2020年8月

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  • Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Uveitis Caused by Sjögren Syndrome Without Dryness. 国際誌

    Soichiro Sugitani, Kenji Tsuji, Toshio Yamanari, Yoichi Hasegawa, Kentaro Inoue, Yuka Sogabe, Yukari Nakano, Shinji Kitamura, Tsutomu Ishizu, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   2020年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000001505

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  • Adult kidney stem/progenitor cells contribute to regeneration through the secretion of trophic factors. 査読 国際誌

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Yizhen Sang, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Jun Wada

    Stem cell research   46   101865 - 101865   2020年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Adult kidney stem cells are known to have important roles in renal regeneration after acute kidney injury. Although trophic factors from tissue stem cells have been reported to promote the regeneration of other organs, there is limited number of evidence of this phenomenon in the kidneys. Here, we explored the effects of secreted factors from kidney stem cells. We intraperitoneally administered culture supernatant obtained from adult rat kidney stem/progenitor cells into rat kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury models, and the treatment significantly ameliorated renal tubulointerstitial injury, suppressed tubular cell apoptosis, diminished inflammation and promoted the proliferation of both residual renal cells and immature cells. In vitro, treatment with culture supernatant from kidney stem cells significantly promoted cell proliferation and suppressed cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis in both normal rat kidney cells and kidney stem cells. In addition, treatment with culture supernatant increased the expression of nestin in normal rat kidney cells, suggesting the dedifferentiation of tubular cells into stem-like cells. Analysis of the culture supernatant revealed that it contained a variety of growth factors. Taken together, the results suggest that these factors together lead to renal regeneration. In conclusion, adult kidney stem cells contribute to renal regeneration indirectly through the secretion of regenerative factors.

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  • Deep Learning Could Diagnose Diabetic Nephropathy with Renal Pathological Immunofluorescent Images

    Shinji Kitamura, Kensaku Takahashi, Yizhen Sang, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Kenji Tsuji, Jun Wada

    DIAGNOSTICS   10 ( 7 )   2020年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) imaging diagnosis is developing, making enormous steps forward in medical fields. Regarding diabetic nephropathy (DN), medical doctors diagnose them with clinical course, clinical laboratory data and renal pathology, mainly evaluate with light microscopy images rather than immunofluorescent images because there are no characteristic findings in immunofluorescent images for DN diagnosis. Here, we examined the possibility of whether AI could diagnose DN from immunofluorescent images. We collected renal immunofluorescent images from 885 renal biopsy patients in our hospital, and we created a dataset that contains six types of immunofluorescent images of IgG, IgA, IgM, C3, C1q and Fibrinogen for each patient. Using the dataset, 39 programs worked without errors (Area under the curve (AUC): 0.93). Five programs diagnosed DN completely with immunofluorescent images (AUC: 1.00). By analyzing with Local interpretable model-agnostic explanations (Lime), the AI focused on the peripheral lesion of DN glomeruli. On the other hand, the nephrologist diagnostic ratio (AUC: 0.75833) was slightly inferior to AI diagnosis. These findings suggest that DN could be diagnosed only by immunofluorescent images by deep learning. AI could diagnose DN and identify classified unknown parts with the immunofluorescent images that nephrologists usually do not use for DN diagnosis.

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  • The Protective Effect of Chlorogenic Acid on Vascular Senescence via the Nrf2/HO-1 Pathway. 国際誌

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A Uchida, Nozomu Otaka, Yasuhiro Onishi, Shugo Okamoto, Mariko Nishiwaki, Rika Takemoto, Hidemi Takeuchi, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   21 ( 12 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The world faces the serious problem of aging. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on vascular senescence. C57/BL6 female mice that were 14 ± 3 months old were infused with either Angiotensin II (AngII) or saline subcutaneously for two weeks. These mice were administered CGA of 20 or 40 mg/kg/day, or saline via oral gavage. AngII infusion developed vascular senescence, which was confirmed by senescence associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining. CGA administration attenuated vascular senescence in a dose-dependent manner, in association with the increase of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and with the decrease of p-Akt, PAI-1, p53, and p21. In an in vitro study, with or without pre-treatment of CGA, Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with H2O2 for an hour, then cultured in the absence or presence of 0.5-5.0 μM CGA for the indicated time. Endothelial cell senescence was induced by H2O2, which was attenuated by CGA treatment. Pre-treatment of CGA increased Nrf2 in HUVECs. After H2O2 treatment, translocation of Nrf2 into the nucleus and the subsequent increase of Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were observed earlier in CGA-treated cells. Furthermore, the HO-1 inhibitor canceled the beneficial effect of CGA on vascular senescence in mice. In conclusion, CGA exerts a beneficial effect on vascular senescence, which is at least partly dependent on the Nuclear factor erythroid 2-factor 2 (Nrf2)/HO-1 pathway.

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  • Semaphorin3A-Inhibitor Ameliorates Doxorubicin-Induced Podocyte Injury. 査読 国際誌

    Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Akiko Inoue-Torii, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   21 ( 11 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Podocyte injury is an independent risk factor for the progression of renal diseases. Semaphorin3A (SEMA3A), expressed in podocytes and tubular cells in the mammalian adult kidneys, has been reported to regulate diverse biological functions and be associated with renal diseases. Here, we investigated pathological roles of SEMA3A signaling on podocyte injury using a doxorubicin (Dox)-induced mouse model and examined the therapeutic effect of SEMA3A-inhibitor (SEMA3A-I). We demonstrated that Dox caused massive albuminuria and podocyte apoptosis as well as an increase of SEMA3A expression in podocytes, all of which were ameliorated with SEMA3A-I treatment. In addition, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), known as a downstream of SEMA3A signaling, was activated in Dox-injected mouse podocytes while SEMA3A-I treatment partially blocked the activation. In vitro, SEMA3A-I protected against Dox-induced podocyte apoptosis and recombinant SEMA3A caused podocyte apoptosis with activation of JNK signaling. JNK inhibitor, SP600125, attenuated SEMA3A-induced podocyte apoptosis, indicating that the JNK pathway would be involved in SEMA3A-induced podocyte apoptosis. Furthermore, the analysis of human data revealed a positive correlation between levels of urinary SEMA3A and protein, suggesting that SEMA3A is associated with podocyte injury. In conclusion, SEMA3A has essential roles in podocyte injury and it would be the therapeutic target for protecting from podocyte injury.

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  • Association of explanatory histological findings and urinary protein and serum creatinine levels at renal biopsy in lupus nephritis: a cross-sectional study. 査読 国際誌

    Eri Katsuyama, Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Michiko Morishita, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    BMC nephrology   21 ( 1 )   208 - 208   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the histology of active and chronic lesions and urinary protein and serum creatinine (SCr) levels, as common clinical endpoints in clinical trials for lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: In total, 119 patients diagnosed with LN class III, IV, and V, as defined by the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society, between 1990 and 2015, were enrolled in the present study. Multiple regression analysis was performed to explore semi-quantitative histological variables associated with urinary protein and SCr levels. RESULTS: The mean age of the enrolled patients was 45 years, and 79% were female. The mean SCr and mean urinary protein levels at the time of renal biopsy were 0.87 mg/dl and 3.00 g/gCr, respectively. Class IV (71%) was the most common type of LN followed by class III (17%), and class V (13%). Multicollinearity was confirmed between monocellular infiltration (variance inflation factor [VIF] = 10.22) and interstitial fibrosis (VIF = 10.29), and between karyorrhexis (VIF = 4.14) and fibrinoid necrosis (VIF = 4.29). Fibrinoid necrosis and monocellular infiltration were subsequently excluded, and multiple regression analysis revealed that only the urinary protein level was correlated with wire loop lesions (β-coefficient [β]: 1.09 and confidence interval [CI]: 0.35 to 1.83), and that the SCr level was correlated with glomerular sclerosis (β: 1.08 and CI: 0.43 to 1.74). CONCLUSION: As urinary protein and SCr levels were not quantitatively associated with active lesions, they may not accurately reflect the response to remission induction therapy in patients with LN.

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  • Genetic Deletion of Vasohibin-2 Exacerbates Ischemia-Reperfusion-Induced Acute Kidney Injury

    Hiromasa Miyake, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Satoshi Tanimura, Yuri Nakashima, Tomoyo Morioka, Kana Masuda, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   21 ( 12 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been increasingly recognized as a risk factor for transition to chronic kidney disease. Recent evidence suggests that endothelial damage in peritubular capillaries can accelerate the progression of renal injury. Vasohibin-2 (VASH2) is a novel proangiogenic factor that promotes tumor angiogenesis. However, the pathophysiological roles of VASH2 in kidney diseases remain unknown. In the present study, we examined the effects of VASH2 deficiency on the progression of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury-induced AKI. I/R injury was induced by bilaterally clamping renal pedicles for 25 min in male wild-type (WT) andVash2homozygous knockout mice. Twenty-four hours later, I/R injury-induced renal dysfunction and tubular damage were more severe in VASH2-deficient mice than in WT mice, with more prominent neutrophil infiltration and peritubular capillary loss. After induction of I/R injury, VASH2 expression was markedly increased in injured renal tubules. These results suggest that VASH2 expression in renal tubular epithelial cells might be essential for alleviating I/R injury-induced AKI, probably through protecting peritubular capillaries and preventing inflammatory infiltration.

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  • The Protective Effect of Chlorogenic Acid on Vascular Senescence via the Nrf2/HO-1 Pathway

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A. Uchida, Nozomu Otaka, Yasuhiro Onishi, Shugo Okamoto, Mariko Nishiwaki, Rika Takemoto, Hidemi Takeuchi, Jun Wada

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   21 ( 12 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    The world faces the serious problem of aging. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on vascular senescence. C57/BL6 female mice that were 14 +/- 3 months old were infused with either Angiotensin II (AngII) or saline subcutaneously for two weeks. These mice were administered CGA of 20 or 40 mg/kg/day, or saline via oral gavage. AngII infusion developed vascular senescence, which was confirmed by senescence associated-beta-galactosidase (SA-beta-gal) staining. CGA administration attenuated vascular senescence in a dose-dependent manner, in association with the increase of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and with the decrease of p-Akt, PAI-1, p53, and p21. In an in vitro study, with or without pre-treatment of CGA, Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with H(2)O(2)for an hour, then cultured in the absence or presence of 0.5-5.0 mu M CGA for the indicated time. Endothelial cell senescence was induced by H2O2, which was attenuated by CGA treatment. Pre-treatment of CGA increased Nrf2 in HUVECs. After H(2)O(2)treatment, translocation of Nrf2 into the nucleus and the subsequent increase of Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were observed earlier in CGA-treated cells. Furthermore, the HO-1 inhibitor canceled the beneficial effect of CGA on vascular senescence in mice. In conclusion, CGA exerts a beneficial effect on vascular senescence, which is at least partly dependent on the Nuclear factor erythroid 2-factor 2 (Nrf2)/HO-1 pathway.

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  • Risk Factors for Chronic Damage Accumulation Across Different Onset Eras in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Cross-sectional Analysis of a Lupus Registry of Nationwide Institutions (LUNA)

    Keiji Ohashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Noriko Tatebe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Nobuyuki Yajima, Jun Wada

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   74 ( 3 )   191 - 198   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Chronic damage accumulation affects not only mortality but also quality of life in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Risk factors for chronic damage were explored in SLE through different onset eras. Two hundred forty-five patients at Okayama University Hospital and Showa University Hospital were divided into three groups based on the onset era: a past-onset group (onset before 1995; n=83), middle-onset group (1996-2009; n=88), and recent-onset group (after 2010; n=74). The mean Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI) score as an index of chronic damage was 1.93, 1.24, and 0.53 in the past-, middle-, and recent-onset groups, respectively. In the past-onset group, the total SDI score was significantly associated with glucocorticoid monotherapy by linear regression analysis (beta-coefficient [beta]=0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.21-1.05) and C-reactive protein levels (beta=0.67; 95% CI, 0.27-1.07). In the middle-onset group, the total SDI score was significantly associated with the SLE Disease Activity Index at registration (beta=0.09; 95% CI, 0.03-0.12). Reducing the accumulation of chronic damage in SLE patients might be possible with the concomitant use of immunosuppressants and tight control of disease activity.

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  • Recovery from hypoxemia and Hypercapnia following noninvasive pressure support ventilation in a patient with statin-associated necrotizing myopathy: a case report

    Yuriko Yamamura, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Koh Tadokoro, Yasuyuki Ohta, Kota Sato, Toru Yamashita, Masahiro Yamamura, Ken-Ei Sada, Koji Abe, Jun Wada

    BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE   20 ( 1 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BMC  

    Background Statin-associated necrotizing myopathy (SANM) is a rare autoimmune disorder caused by administration of statins. SANM is characterized by weakness due to necrosis and regeneration of myofibers. Here we report the first case of SANM with acute respiratory failure treated with noninvasive pressure support ventilation in addition to immunosuppressants. Case presentation A 59-year-old woman who had been treated with 2.5 mg/day of rosuvastatin calcium for 5 years stopped taking the drug 4 months before admission to our hospital due to elevation of creatine kinase (CK). Withdrawal of rosuvastatin for 1 month did not decrease the level of CK, and she was admitted to our hospital due to the development of muscle weakness of her neck and bilateral upper extremities. Anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase antibodies were positive. Magnetic resonance imaging showed myositis, and muscle biopsy from the right biceps brachii muscle showed muscle fiber necrosis and regeneration without inflammatory cell infiltration, suggesting SANM. After the diagnosis, she received methylprednisolone pulse therapy (mPSL, 1 g/day x 3 days, twice) and subsequent oral prednisolone therapy (PSL, 30 mg/day for 1 month, 25 mg/day for 1 month and 22.5 mg/day for 1 month), leading to improvement of her muscle weakness. One month after the PSL tapering to 20 mg/day, her muscle weakness deteriorated with oxygen desaturation (SpO2: 93% at room air) due to hypoventilation caused by weakness of respiratory muscles. BIPAP was used for the management of acute respiratory failure in combination with IVIG (20 g/day x 5 days) followed by mPSL pulse therapy (1 g/day x 3 days), oral PSL (30 mg/day x 3 weeks, then tapered to 25 mg/day) and tacrolimus (3 mg/day). Twenty-seven days after the start of BIPAP, she was weaned from BIPAP with improvement of muscle weakness, hypoxemia and hypercapnia. After she achieved remission with improvement of muscle weakness and reduction of serum CK level to a normal level, the dose of oral prednisolone was gradually tapered to 12.5 mg/day without relapse for 3 months. Conclusions Our report provides new insights into the role of immunosuppressants and biphasic positive airway pressure for induction of remission in patients with SANM.

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  • Semaphorin3A-Inhibitor Ameliorates Doxorubicin-Induced Podocyte Injury

    Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Akiko Inoue-Torii, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   21 ( 11 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Podocyte injury is an independent risk factor for the progression of renal diseases. Semaphorin3A (SEMA3A), expressed in podocytes and tubular cells in the mammalian adult kidneys, has been reported to regulate diverse biological functions and be associated with renal diseases. Here, we investigated pathological roles of SEMA3A signaling on podocyte injury using a doxorubicin (Dox)-induced mouse model and examined the therapeutic effect of SEMA3A-inhibitor (SEMA3A-I). We demonstrated that Dox caused massive albuminuria and podocyte apoptosis as well as an increase of SEMA3A expression in podocytes, all of which were ameliorated with SEMA3A-I treatment. In addition, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), known as a downstream of SEMA3A signaling, was activated in Dox-injected mouse podocytes while SEMA3A-I treatment partially blocked the activation. In vitro, SEMA3A-I protected against Dox-induced podocyte apoptosis and recombinant SEMA3A caused podocyte apoptosis with activation of JNK signaling. JNK inhibitor, SP600125, attenuated SEMA3A-induced podocyte apoptosis, indicating that the JNK pathway would be involved in SEMA3A-induced podocyte apoptosis. Furthermore, the analysis of human data revealed a positive correlation between levels of urinary SEMA3A and protein, suggesting that SEMA3A is associated with podocyte injury. In conclusion, SEMA3A has essential roles in podocyte injury and it would be the therapeutic target for protecting from podocyte injury.

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  • Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitor Ameliorates Autophagic Flux Impairment on Renal Proximal Tubular Cells in Obesity Mice

    Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Kenji Tsuji, Yizhen Sang, Jun Wada

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES   21 ( 11 )   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI  

    Obesity is supposed to cause renal injury via autophagy deficiency. Recently, sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) were reported to protect renal injury. However, the mechanisms of SGLT2i for renal protection are unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of SGLT2i for autophagy in renal proximal tubular cells (PTCs) on obesity mice. We fed C57BL/6J mice with a normal diet (ND) or high-fat and -sugar diet (HFSD) for nine weeks, then administered SGLT2i, empagliflozin, or control compound for one week. Each group contained N = 5. The urinary N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase level in the HFSD group significantly increased compared to ND group. The tubular damage was suppressed in the SGLT2i-HFSD group. In electron microscopic analysis, multi lamellar bodies that increased in autophagy deficiency were increased in PTCs in the HFSD group but significantly suppressed in the SGLT2i group. The autophagosomes of damaged mitochondria in PTCs in the HFSD group frequently appeared in the SGLT2i group. p62 accumulations in PTCs were significantly increased in HFSD group but significantly suppressed by SGLT2i. In addition, the mammalian target of rapamycin was activated in the HFSD group but significantly suppressed in SGLT2i group. These data suggest that SGLT2i has renal protective effects against obesity via improving autophagy flux impairment in PTCs on a HFSD.

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  • Icodextrin Versus Glucose Solutions for the Once-Daily Long Dwell in Peritoneal Dialysis: An Enriched Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    Kaethe Goossen, Monika Becker, Mark R. Marshall, Stefanie Buehn, Jessica Breuing, Catherine A. Firanek, Simone Hess, Hisanori Nariai, James A. Sloand, Qiang Yao, Tae Ik Chang, JinBor Chen, Ramon Paniagua, Yuji Takatori, Jun Wada, Dawid Pieper

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES   75 ( 6 )   830 - 846   2020年6月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC  

    Rationale & Objective: The efficacy and safety of icodextrin versus glucose-only peritoneal dialysis (PD) regimens is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare once-daily long-dwell icodextrin versus glucose among patients with kidney failure undergoing PD.Study Design: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), enriched with unpublished data from investigator-initiated and industry-sponsored studies.Setting & Study Populations: Individuals with kidney failure receiving regular PD treatment enrolled in clinical trials of dialysate composition.Selection Criteria for Studies: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, Ichushi Web, 10 Chinese databases, clinical trials registries, conference proceedings, and citation lists from inception to November 2018. Further data were obtained from principal investigators and industry clinical study reports.Data Extraction: 2 independent reviewers selected studies and extracted data using a prespecified extraction instrument.Analytic Approach: Qualitative synthesis of demographics, measurement scales, and outcomes. Quantitative synthesis with Mantel-Haenszel risk ratios (RRs), Peto odds ratios (ORs), or (standardized) mean differences (MDs). Risk of bias of included studies at the outcome level was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for RCTs.Results: 19 RCTs that enrolled 1,693 participants were meta-analyzed. Ultrafiltration was improved with icodextrin (medium-term MD, 208.92 [95% CI, 99.69-318.14] mL/24 h; high certainty of evidence), reflected also by fewer episodes of fluid overload (RR, 0.43 [95% CI, 0.24-0.78]; high certainty). Icodextrin-containing PD probably decreased mortality risk compared to glucose-only PD (Peto OR, 0.49 [95% CI, 0.24-1.00]; moderate certainty). Despite evidence of lower peritoneal glucose absorption with icodextrin-containing PD (medium-term MD, -40.84 [95% CI, -48.09 to -33.59] g/long dwell; high certainty), this did not directly translate to changes in fasting plasma glucose (-0.50 [95% CI, -1.19 to 0.18] mmol/L; low certainty) and hemoglobin A(1c) levels (-0.14% [95% CI, -0.34% to 0.05%]; high certainty). Safety outcomes and residual kidney function were similar in both groups; health-related quality-of-life and pain scores were inconclusive.Limitations: Trial quality was variable. The followup period was heterogeneous, with a paucity of assessments over the long term. Mortality results are based on just 32 events and were not corroborated using time-to-event analysis of individual patient data.Conclusions: Icodextrin for once-daily long-dwell PD has clinical benefit for some patients, including those not meeting ultrafiltration targets and at risk for fluid overload. Future research into patient-centered outcomes and cost-effectiveness associated with icodextrin is needed.

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  • Nivolumab-induced IgA nephropathy in a patient with advanced gastric cancer A case report

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Takahira Wada, Yuri Nakashima, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Okada, Jun Wada

    MEDICINE   99 ( 21 )   2020年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Introduction: Immune checkpoint inhibitors including nivolumab, an antibody against programmed death-1, have been increasingly introduced in various cancer treatment regimens, and are reported to be associated with immune-related adverse events. Nivolumab-induced renal injury is generally caused by acute interstitial nephritis and is managed by drug discontinuation and steroid therapy. Although this agent can infrequently induce glomerulonephritis, the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategy remain undetermined. Patient concerns: A 78-year-old man was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with portal thrombosis. First- and second-line chemotherapies were ineffective; thus, nivolumab monotherapy was initiated. Although it effectively prevented tumor growth, proteinuria and microhematuria appeared 2 months later. Despite drug discontinuation, serum creatinine progressively increased from 0.72 to 1.45 mg/dL. Renal biopsy revealed mesangial IgA and C3 deposition in immunofluorescence analysis and mesangial proliferation with crescent formation in light microscopy. Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Based on the temporal relationship between the nivolumab therapy and abnormal urinalysis, IgA nephropathy was considered to have been induced by nivolumab. Interventions: A moderate dose (0.6 mg/kg/day) of prednisolone was orally administrated, with tapering biweekly. Outcomes: Steroid therapy stabilized his serum creatinine levels and markedly reduced proteinuria. However, bacterial pneumonia substantially impaired his performance status; thus, nivolumab could not be restarted despite tumor regrowth. Lessons: IgA nephropathy should be recognized as an uncommon renal adverse event during nivolumab therapy. After drug discontinuation, nivolumab-induced IgA nephropathy is likely to respond to moderate doses of steroid therapy with early tapering. However, more evidence is needed to determine whether nivolumab can be safely restarted during or after steroid therapy.

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  • Inhibition of Interleukin-6 Signaling Attenuates Aortitis and Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy in Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Deficient Mice

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A. Uchida, Tomoyuki Mukai, Fumiaki Kojima, Nozomu Otaka, Hidemi Takeuchi, Masashi Yoshida, Yoshitaka Morita, Jun Wada

    ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY   40   2020年5月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

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  • Clinical Significance of Total Vascular Resistance, Augmention Index and Augmentation Pressure in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease

    Rika Takemoto, Haruhito A. Uchida, Nozomu Otaka, Shugo Okamoto, Mariko Nishiwaki, Yasuhiro Onishi, Natsumi Matsuoka, Yoshiko Hada, Hironobu Toda, Fumio Otsuka, Hiroshi Ito, Jun Wada

    ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY   40   2020年5月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

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  • Targeting angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in kidney disease

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Jun Wada, Yasufumi Sato

    NATURE REVIEWS NEPHROLOGY   16 ( 5 )   289 - 303   2020年5月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:NATURE RESEARCH  

    The kidney is permeated by a highly complex vascular system with glomerular and peritubular capillary networks that are essential for maintaining the normal functions of glomerular and tubular epithelial cells. The integrity of the renal vascular network depends on a balance of proangiogenic and antiangiogenic factors, and disruption of this balance has been identified in various kidney diseases. Decreased levels of the predominant proangiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), can result in glomerular microangiopathy and contribute to the onset of preeclampsia, whereas upregulation of VEGFA has roles in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Other factors that regulate angiogenesis, such as angiopoietin 1 and vasohibin 1, have been shown to be protective in animal models of DKD and renal fibrosis. The renal lymphatic system is important for fluid homeostasis in the kidney, as well as the transport of immune cells and antigens. Experimental studies suggest that the lymphangiogenic factor VEGFC might have protective effects in PKD, DKD and renal fibrosis. Understanding the physiological and pathological roles of factors that regulate angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the kidney has led to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for kidney diseases.In this Review, the authors discuss current understanding of the expression and dysregulation of factors that regulate angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the kidney, as well as potential therapeutic strategies to target these factors during various kidney diseases.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41581-020-0260-2

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  • The hypoglycemia-prevention effect of sensor-augmented pump therapy with predictive low glucose management in Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a short-term study

    Akihiro Katayama, Atsuhito Tone, Mayu Watanabe, Sanae Teshigawara, Satoshi Miyamoto, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    DIABETOLOGY INTERNATIONAL   11 ( 2 )   97 - 104   2020年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER JAPAN KK  

    Aims/introduction The predictive low glucose management (PLGM) system was introduced in March 2018 in Japan. Although there are some reports demonstrating the benefit of PLGM in preventing hypoglycemia, no data are currently available in Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of PLGM with sensor-augmented pump therapy in the prevention of hypoglycemia in Japanese patients. Materials and methods We included 16 patients with T1DM who used the MiniMed(R)640G system after switching from the MiniMed(R)620G system. We retrospectively analysed the data of the continuous glucose monitoring system in 1 month after switching to MiniMed(R)640G. Results The area under the curve (AUC) of hypoglycemia of < 70 mg/dL was lowered from 0.42 +/- 0.43 mg/dL day to 0.18 +/- 0.18 mg/dL day (P = 0.012). Correspondingly, the duration of severe hypoglycemia (< 54 mg/dL) was reduced significantly from 15.3 +/- 21.7 min/day to 4.8 +/- 6.9 min/day (P = 0.019). The duration of hypoglycemia was reduced, but the reduction was not significant. Regarding the AUC for hyperglycemia > 180 mg/dL and the duration of hyperglycemia did not change. With the PLGM function, 79.3% of the predicted hypoglycemic events were avoided. Conclusions The hypoglycemia avoidance rate was comparable to those in previous reports. In addition, we demonstrated that PLGM can markedly suppress severe hypoglycemia without deteriorating glycemic control in Japanese T1DM patients. It is necessary to further investigate the effective use of the PLGM feature such as establishing a lower limit and the timing of resumption.

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  • Pembrolizumab-induced hypothyroidism caused reversible increased serum creatinine levels: a case report

    Natsumi Matsuoka, Kenji Tsuji, Eiki Ichihara, Takayuki Hara, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Kishio Toma, Shinji Kitamura, Kenichi Inagaki, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   21 ( 1 )   2020年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BMC  

    Background The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with advanced malignancies. On the other hand, these drugs might cause immune-related adverse events (irAEs) including endocrinopathies and nephropathies. Thyroid dysfunction is one of the most common irAEs. For ICIs-induced nephropathies, most cases are due to tubulointerstitial nephritis, which might require steroid treatment. Here, we report a patient with non-small cell lung cancer treated with ICI who developed increased serum creatinine (s-Cr) levels due to ICIs-induced hypothyroidism. Case presentation A 57-year-old Asian man with refractory non-small cell lung cancer under ICIs therapy (pembrolizumab, an anti-programmed cell death-1 monoclonal antibody) developed increased s-Cr levels 5 months after the pembrolizumab initiation. His laboratory data, renal biopsy, and Gallium-67 scintigraphy findings denied pembrolizumab-induced tubulointerstitial nephritis. His renal function was correlated with thyroid function. Despite the increase of s-Cr levels, serum cystatin C levels were normal, which could be explained by the hypothyroidism. Levothyroxine treatment improved renal function as well as thyroid function. Then pembrolizumab was resumed, and both his thyroid and renal function remained normal level. Ultimately, we concluded that the increased s-Cr levels were caused by pembrolizumab-induced hypothyroidism. Conclusion All clinicians involved in ICI treatment need to recognize the possible increase in s-Cr levels caused by ICIs-induced hypothyroidism, and we propose monitoring serum cystatin C levels to differentiate ICIs-induced hypothyroidism from tubulointerstitial nephritis before invasive renal biopsies or steroid treatment, which are recommended by the prescribing information for pembrolizumab, are performed.

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  • A novel homoplasmic mitochondrial DNA mutation (m.13376T>C, p.I347T) of MELAS presenting characteristic medial temporal lobe atrophy. 国際誌

    Ryo Sasaki, Yasuyuki Ohta, Noriko Hatanaka, Koh Tadokoro, Emi Nomura, Jingwei Shang, Mami Takemoto, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Yoshio Omote, Eisaku Morimoto, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Wada, Yu-Ichi Goto, Koji Abe

    Journal of the neurological sciences   408   116460 - 116460   2020年1月

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  • Simultaneous development of IgA vasculitis and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. 国際誌

    Yosuke Asano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tatsuhiko Miyazaki, Akihiro Ishizu, Shin Morizane, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    Modern rheumatology case reports   4 ( 1 )   63 - 69   2020年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis (IgAV) is a small vessel vasculitis presenting cutaneous purpura, arthralgias and/or arthritis, acute enteritis and glomerulonephritis caused by deposition of the IgA1-mediated immune complex. Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) characterised by eosinophil-rich and granulomatous inflammation in small to medium-sized vessels. Both IgAV and EGPA are classified as autoimmune systemic vasculitis, but the pathogenesis of immune complex-mediated IgAV and that of pauci-immune EGPA are different. Here we report a rare case of simultaneous development of IgAV and EGPA presenting palpable purpura and numbness in a patient with a history of asthma. Histological examination revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis with deposition of IgA, IgM and C3 in the upper dermis and necrotising vasculitis with eosinophilic infiltration and granulomatous formation in the lower dermis and subcutaneous fat, indicating the existence of IgAV and EGPA. Our case provides evidence of concurrent development of two different types of vasculitis, which may affect disease-associated complications, therapeutic strategy and prognosis.

    DOI: 10.1080/24725625.2019.1673528

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  • Conditions, pathogenesis, and progression of diabetic kidney disease and early decliner in Japan

    Yui Yoshida, Kosuke Kashiwabara, Yosuke Hirakawa, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Shinsuke Noso, Hiroshi Ikegami, Mitsuru Ohsugi, Kohjiro Ueki, Tomoya Mita, Hirotaka Watada, Daisuke Koya, Koki Mise, Jun Wada, Miho Shimizu, Takashi Wada, Yumi Ito, Ichiei Narita, Naoki Kashihara, Masaomi Nangaku, Yutaka Matsuyama

    BMJ OPEN DIABETES RESEARCH & CARE   8 ( 1 )   2020年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Objective Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases without or prior to the development of albuminuria in many patients with diabetes. Therefore, albuminuria and/or a low GFR in patients with diabetes is referred to as diabetic kidney disease (DKD). A certain proportion of patients with diabetes show a rapid progressive decline in renal function in a unidirectional manner and are termed early decliners. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of DKD and early decliners and clarify their risk factors.Research design and methods This combination cross-sectional and cohort study included 2385 patients with diabetes from 15 hospitals. We defined DKD as a urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) >= 30 mg/gCr and/or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). We classified patients into four groups based on the presence or absence of albuminuria and a decrease in eGFR to reveal the risk factors for DKD. We also performed a trajectory analysis and specified the prevalence and risk factors of early decliners with sequential eGFR data of 1955 patients in five facilities.Results Of our cohort, 52% had DKD. Above all, 12% with a low eGFR but no albuminuria had no traditional risk factors, such as elevated glycated hemoglobin, elevated blood pressure, or diabetic retinopathy in contrast to patients with albuminuria but normal eGFR. Additionally, 14% of our patients were early decliners. Older age, higher basal eGFR, higher ACR, and higher systolic blood pressure were significantly associated with early decliners.Conclusions The prevalence of DKD in this cohort was larger than ever reported. By testing eGFR yearly and identifying risk factors in the early phase of diabetes, we can identify patients at high risk of developing end-stage renal disease.

    DOI: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2019-000902

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  • A novel homoplasmic mitochondrial DNA mutation (m.13376T > C, p.1347T) of MELAS presenting characteristic medial temporal lobe atrophy

    Ryo Sasaki, Yasuyuki Ohta, Noriko Hatanaka, Koh Tadokoro, Emi Nomura, Jingwei Shang, Mami Takemoto, Nozomi Hishikaw, Toru Yamashita, Yoshio Omote, Eisaku Morimoto, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Wada, Yu-ichi Goto, Koji Abe

    JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES   408   2020年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jns.2019.116460

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  • Podocyte autophagy is associated with foot process effacement and proteinuria in patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome

    Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Keiko Tanaka, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Nozomu Otaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masaru Kinomura, Haruhito A. Uchida, Jun Wada

    PLOS ONE   15 ( 1 )   2020年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Autophagy is a cellular mechanism involved in the bulk degradation of proteins and turnover of organelle. Several studies have shown the significance of autophagy of the renal tubular epithelium in rodent models of tubulointerstitial disorder. However, the role of autophagy in the regulation of human glomerular diseases is largely unknown. The current study aimed to demonstrate morphological evidence of autophagy and its association with the ultrastructural changes of podocytes and clinical data in patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, a disease in which patients exhibit podocyte injury. The study population included 95 patients, including patients with glomerular disease (minimal change nephrotic syndrome [MCNS], n = 41; idiopathic membranous nephropathy [IMN], n = 37) and 17 control subjects who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy. The number of autophagic vacuoles and the grade of foot process effacement (FPE) in podocytes were examined by electron microscopy (EM). The relationships among the expression of autophagic vacuoles, the grade of FPE, and the clinical data were determined. Autophagic vacuoles were mainly detected in podocytes by EM. The microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-positive area was co-localized with the Wilms tumor 1 (WT1)-positive area on immunofluorescence microscopy, which suggested that autophagy occurred in the podocytes of patients with MCNS. The number of autophagic vacuoles in the podocytes was significantly correlated with the podocyte FPE score (r = -0.443, p = 0.004), the amount of proteinuria (r = 0.334, p = 0.033), and the level of serum albumin (r = -0.317, p = 0.043) in patients with MCNS. The FPE score was a significant determinant for autophagy after adjusting for the age in a multiple regression analysis in MCNS patients (p = 0.0456). However, such correlations were not observed in patients with IMN or in control subjects. In conclusion, the results indicated that the autophagy of podocytes is associated with FPE and severe proteinuria in patients with MCNS. The mechanisms underlying the activation of autophagy in association with FPE in podocytes should be further investigated in order to elucidate the pathophysiology of MCNS.

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  • Podocyte autophagy is associated with foot process effacement and proteinuria in patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. 査読 国際誌

    Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Keiko Tanaka, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Nozomu Otaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masaru Kinomura, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    PloS one   15 ( 1 )   e0228337   2020年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Autophagy is a cellular mechanism involved in the bulk degradation of proteins and turnover of organelle. Several studies have shown the significance of autophagy of the renal tubular epithelium in rodent models of tubulointerstitial disorder. However, the role of autophagy in the regulation of human glomerular diseases is largely unknown. The current study aimed to demonstrate morphological evidence of autophagy and its association with the ultrastructural changes of podocytes and clinical data in patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, a disease in which patients exhibit podocyte injury. The study population included 95 patients, including patients with glomerular disease (minimal change nephrotic syndrome [MCNS], n = 41; idiopathic membranous nephropathy [IMN], n = 37) and 17 control subjects who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy. The number of autophagic vacuoles and the grade of foot process effacement (FPE) in podocytes were examined by electron microscopy (EM). The relationships among the expression of autophagic vacuoles, the grade of FPE, and the clinical data were determined. Autophagic vacuoles were mainly detected in podocytes by EM. The microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-positive area was co-localized with the Wilms tumor 1 (WT1)-positive area on immunofluorescence microscopy, which suggested that autophagy occurred in the podocytes of patients with MCNS. The number of autophagic vacuoles in the podocytes was significantly correlated with the podocyte FPE score (r = -0.443, p = 0.004), the amount of proteinuria (r = 0.334, p = 0.033), and the level of serum albumin (r = -0.317, p = 0.043) in patients with MCNS. The FPE score was a significant determinant for autophagy after adjusting for the age in a multiple regression analysis in MCNS patients (p = 0.0456). However, such correlations were not observed in patients with IMN or in control subjects. In conclusion, the results indicated that the autophagy of podocytes is associated with FPE and severe proteinuria in patients with MCNS. The mechanisms underlying the activation of autophagy in association with FPE in podocytes should be further investigated in order to elucidate the pathophysiology of MCNS.

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  • Deletion of Mir223 Exacerbates Lupus Nephritis by Targeting S1pr1 in Faslpr/lpr Mice. 国際誌

    Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Sonia Zeggar, Eri Katsuyama, Tomoyuki Mukai, Yoshitaka Morita, Jun Wada

    Frontiers in immunology   11   616141 - 616141   2020年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Objective: The micro RNAs (miRNAs) and their target mRNAs are differentially expressed in various immune-mediated cells. Here, we investigated the role of Mir223 and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1pr1) in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods: We analyzed miRNA and mRNA profiling data of CD4+ splenic T cells derived from MRL/MpJ-Faslpr /J mice. We performed 3' untranslated region (UTR) luciferase reporter gene assay using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We generated the B6-Mir223 -/- Faslpr/lpr mice and the lupus phenotypes were analyzed. Results: In CD4+ splenic T cells, we identified upregulation of miR-223-3p and downregulation of the possible target, S1pr1 by RNA sequencing of MRL/MpJ-Faslpr /J mice. The transfection with miR-223-3p mimic significantly suppressed a luciferase activity in HUVEC treated with a Lentivirus vector containing 3' UTR of S1pr1. The mRNA levels of S1pr1 were significantly decreased after miR-223-3p overexpression. In B6-Mir223 -/- Faslpr/lpr mice, the proportion of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4-CD8- cells, B cells, plasma cells, and S1PR1+CD4+ T cells in the spleen was significantly increased compared with that in B6-Mir223 +/+ Faslpr/lpr mice by flow cytometry. B6-Mir223 -/- Faslpr/lpr mice demonstrated the elevation of glomerular and renal vascular scores associated with enhanced intraglomerular infiltration of S1PR1+CD4+ T cells. Conclusion: Unexpectedly, the deletion of Mir223 exacerbated the lupus phenotypes associated with increased population of S1PR1+CD4+ T in spleen and the enhanced infiltration of S1PR1+CD4+ T cells in inflamed kidney tissues, suggesting compensatory role of Mir223 in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis.

    DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.616141

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  • Damage accrual related to pregnancies before and after diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus: a cross-sectional and nested case-control analysis from a lupus registry 査読

    Morishita, M., Sada, K.-E., Ohashi, K., Miyawaki, Y., Asano, Y., Hayashi, K., Asano, S.H., Yamamura, Y., Watanabe, H., Narazaki, M., Matsumoto, Y., Kawabata, T., Yajima, N., Wada, J.

    Lupus   29 ( 2 )   2020年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203319898766

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  • Robotic Renal Autotransplantation: A Feasibility Study in a Porcine Model

    Risa Kubota, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Kasumi Kawamura, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Yuichi Ariyoshi, Takehiro Iwata, Shingo Nishimura, Atsushi Takamoto, Tomoko Sako, Kohei Edamura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Yuzuki Kano, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   74 ( 1 )   53 - 58   2020年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    We investigated the feasibility of robotic renal autotransplantation (RAT) in a porcine model to reduce invasiveness of RAT. Five pigs underwent robotic RAT using the da Vinci (R) robotic system. A robotic left nephrectomy was performed in all cases. Robotic RAT was performed on the left side in all but one case. Four ports were used. In 3 cases, the kidney was taken out through the GelPort (R) and irrigated on ice with Ringer's solution. In 2 cases, a complete intracorporeal robotic RAT was performed. An end-to-side anastomosis was performed between the renal vein and the external iliac vein and between the renal artery and the external iliac artery. Ureteroneocystostomy was also performed in 2 cases. All cases were performed robotically without open conversion. The median (IQR) console time was 3.1 (0.7) h, and the operative time was 3.8 (1.1) h. The estimated blood loss was 30 (0) ml. The warm ischemia time was 4.0 (0.2) min, and the cold ischemia time was 97 (17) min. Intracorporeal transarterial hypothermic renal perfusion was feasible in the 2 complete intracorporeal robotic RAT cases by using a perfusion catheter through a laparoscopic port. Robotic RAT has the potential to be a new minimally invasive substitute for conventional open surgery.

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  • Letter to the Editor (Case report)

    Yuriko Yamamura, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Keigo Hayashi, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    RHEUMATOLOGY ADVANCES IN PRACTICE   4 ( 1 )   2020年

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    DOI: 10.1093/rap/rkz050

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  • Polypharmacy and frailty in chronic kidney disease

    Takeuchi, H., Uchida, H.A., Wada, J.

    Recent Advances of Sarcopenia and Frailty in CKD   2020年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Recent Advances of Sarcopenia and Frailty in CKD  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-2365-6_14

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  • Refractory Takayasu arteritis responding to the oral Janus kinase inhibitor, tofacitinib

    Jun Wada

    Rheumatology advances in practice   2020年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1093/rap/rkz050

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  • Medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes: Investigations for association of medication Adherence and Glycemic Control,2 型糖尿病患者を対象とした服薬アドヒアランス〜良好な血糖管理に必要な服薬遵守度・遵守率の検討〜

    Kurooka, N., Eguchi, J., Ashida, M., Nakajima, M., Wada, J., Nakajima, H.

    Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society   63 ( 9 )   2020年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.11213/tonyobyo.63.609

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  • Immunomodulatory and Regenerative Effects of Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in Renal Diseases

    Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   2020年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21030756

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  • Immunomodulatory and regenerative effects of mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles in renal diseases

    Tsuji, K., Kitamura, S., Wada, J.

    International Journal of Molecular Sciences   21 ( 3 )   2020年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21030756

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  • The Aging Population and Research into Treatments for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   73 ( 6 )   475 - 477   2019年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) usually expand asymptomatically until the occurrence of a life-threatening event such as aortic rupture, which is closely associated with high mortality. AAA and aortic dissection are ranked among the top 10 causes of death in Japan. The major risk factors for AAA are age over 65 years, male gender, family history, and smoking. Thus, for prevention, smoking cessation is the most important lifestyle-intervention. For treatment, since AAA generally affects elderly people, less invasive treatment is preferable. However, the only established treatment for AAA is open repair and endovascular repair. This review describes potential medical treatments to slow aneurysm growth or prevent AAA rupture.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/57710

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  • HIV-associated Immune Complex Kidney Disease with C3-dominant Deposition Induced by HIV Infection after Treatment of IgA Nephropathy. 査読

    Chieko Kawakita, Masaru Kinomura, Nozomu Otaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Nobuchika Kusano, Masashi Mizuno, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 20 )   3001 - 3007   2019年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Hematuria and proteinuria were improved by tonsillectomy plus methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Lymphadenopathy, hypocomplementemia and pancytopenia were observed six years later, and urinalysis abnormalities recurred. A biopsy revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with C3-dominant deposition. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody demonstrated positive conversion. He was diagnosed with HIV-associated immune complex kidney disease (HIVICK). The hematuria, proteinuria and hypocomplementemia were improved by reducing the HIV viral load through antiretroviral therapy. When C3-dominant deposition is observed on a renal biopsy, HIVICK must be differentiated.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.2439-18

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  • Cluster Analysis Using Anti-Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases and SS-A/Ro52 antibodies in Patients With Polymyositis/Dermatomyositis. 査読 国際誌

    Keiji Ohashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yu Nakai, Shun Matsushima, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Noriko Tatebe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   25 ( 6 )   246 - 251   2019年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVE: Although several autoantibodies have been identified for polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) diagnosis, the clinical impact of these antibodies is yet to be elucidated. METHODS: Patients with PM/DM at Okayama University Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were historically enrolled, and antibody profiles were analyzed using line immunoassay. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed based on serological analysis of anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) antibodies, including anti-Jo-1, PL-7, PL-12, EJ, OJ, and SS-A/Ro-52 antibodies. Clinical symptoms and relapse proportions were compared among these clusters. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were enrolled in this study: 28 were diagnosed with PM, and 33 were diagnosed with DM. The following 3 clusters were determined: 1 (n = 10), anti-Jo-1 and anti-SS-A/Ro-52 antibodies double positive (10/10, 100%); 2 (n = 24), anti-SS-A/Ro-52 antibody positive (20/24, 83%), anti-Jo-1 antibody negative (24/24, 100%), and anti-ARS antibodies (excluding anti-Jo-1 antibody) positive (15/24, 63%); and 3 (n = 27), anti-Jo-1 and anti-SS-A/Ro52 antibodies double negative (26/27, 96%). The proportion of patients who relapsed was significantly lower in cluster 3 than it was in clusters 1 and 2 (risk ratio, 0.37; 95% confidence interval, 0.17-0.83; p = 0.026 and risk ratio, 0.42; 95% confidence interval, 0.20-0.89; P = 0.019, respectively). There was no difference in the proportion of relapsed patients between clusters 1 and 2. CONCLUSIONS: Our cluster analysis shows that anti-SS-A/Ro52 or any anti-ARS antibodies or both might be relevant to clinical outcomes.

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  • Impaired mental health status in patients with chronic kidney disease is associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate decline. 国際誌

    Yasuhiro Onishi, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Noriaki Shimada, Hironobu Tokumasu, Masaki Fukushima, Kenichiro Asano

    Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)   24 ( 9 )   926 - 932   2019年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    AIM: Deteriorated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is associated with increased risk for death in both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients; however, the impact of HRQOL on CKD progression is not well investigated. METHODS: We aimed to evaluate the association between HRQOL and CKD progression in Japanese patients with CKD. One hundred and three outpatients who visited the department of nephrology at our hospital (mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); 32.1 ± 11.2 mL/min per 1.73 m2 ) between April 2007 and March 2012 were enrolled in this study. The primary outcome was 30% decline of eGFR or ESRD. We assessed HRQOL of all participants at baseline, including the physical component summary (PCS), the mental component summary (MCS) and the role/social component summary (RCS), using SF-36. Based on the baseline score of PCS, MCS and RCS, we divided all subjects into two groups by median. RESULTS: We studied 66 men (64.1%) and 37 women aged 61.7 ± 10.0 years old. During approximately 2.5 years of follow-up period, 59 patients (57.3%) reached 30% eGFR decline or ESRD. Cox regression analyses demonstrated that lower MCS score was significantly associated with CKD progression (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.04-3.21, P = 0.035), but that lower PCS score and RCS score were not (HR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.39-1.25, P = 0.223; HR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.54-1.67, P = 0.854, respectively). CONCLUSION: We found that impaired mental health was associated with CKD progression. The evaluation of the mental health should be performed in the patients with CKD.

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.13515

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  • Renal tubular injury exacerbated by vasohibin-1 deficiency in a murine cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury model. 査読 国際誌

    Satoshi Tanimura, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiromasa Miyake, Kana Masuda, Keigo Tsushida, Tomoyo Morioka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    American journal of physiology. Renal physiology   317 ( 2 )   F264-F274 - F274   2019年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently encountered in clinical practice, particularly secondarily to cardiovascular surgery and administration of nephrotoxic agents, and is increasingly recognized for initiating a transition to chronic kidney disease. Clarifying the pathogenesis of AKI could facilitate the development of novel preventive strategies, because the occurrence of hospital-acquired AKI is often anticipated. Vasohibin-1 (VASH1) was initially identified as an antiangiogenic factor derived from endothelial cells. VASH1 expression in endothelial cells has subsequently been reported to enhance cellular stress tolerance. Considering the importance of maintaining peritubular capillaries in preventing the progression of AKI, the present study aimed to examine whether VASH1 deletion is involved in the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced AKI. For this, we injected male C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and VASH1 heterozygous knockout (VASH1+/-) mice intraperitoneally with either 20 mg/kg cisplatin or vehicle solution. Seventy-two hours after cisplatin injection, increased serum creatinine concentrations and renal tubular injury accompanied by apoptosis and oxidative stress were more prominent in VASH1+/- mice than in WT mice. Cisplatin-induced peritubular capillary loss was also accelerated by VASH1 deficiency. Moreover, the increased expression of ICAM-1 in the peritubular capillaries of cisplatin-treated VASH1+/- mice was associated with a more marked infiltration of macrophages into the kidney. Taken together, VASH1 expression could have protective effects on cisplatin-induced AKI probably by maintaining the number and function of peritubular capillaries.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00045.2019

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  • Development of Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis in a Patient With Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Negative Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis. 査読 国際誌

    Yasuhiro Nakano, Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Yuriko Yamamura, Yuzuki Kano, Keigo Hayashi, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   25 ( 5 )   e61   2019年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000000694

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  • A Patient with Type 3 Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome who Developed Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 8 years after the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Hepatitis. 査読

    Tomoyo Mifune-Morioka, Haruhito A Uchida, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Mayu Watanabe, Chihiro Ouchi, Koki Mise, Chieko Kawakita, Yuzuki Kano, Akifumi Onishi, Kishio Toma, Jun Eguchi, Nozomu Wada, Fusao Ikeda, Erika Sasaki, Yu Suganami, Masayuki Kishida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Okada, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   73 ( 4 )   367 - 372   2019年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Eight years prior to her present admission, a 61-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis, slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and chronic thyroiditis; she had been treated with oral prednisolone (PSL). After she suddenly discontinued PSL, she newly developed systemic lupus erythematosus. A combination therapy of oral PSL and intravenous cyclophosphamide resulted in remission. She was finally diagnosed with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) type 3 (3A ,3B, 3D), complicated with four different autoimmune diseases. Since patients with type 3 APS may present many manifestations over a long period of time, they should be carefully monitored.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/56940

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  • Combination of Renal Angioplasty and Angiotensin-converting-enzyme Inhibitor Can Reduce Proteinuria in Patients with Bilateral Renal Artery Disease. 査読

    Hironobu Toda, Haruhito Uchida, Kazufumi Nakamura, Hidemi Takeuchi, Masaru Kinomura, Koji Nakagawa, Atsuyuki Watanabe, Toru Miyoshi, Nobuhiro Nishii, Hiroshi Morita, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 13 )   1917 - 1922   2019年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Recent large clinical trials failed to show clear benefits of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) as compared with medical therapy on patients with renal artery stenosis. It was also reported that proteinuria is an adverse prognostic factor after PTRA, and PTRA is less effective in patients with overt proteinuria. From the renoprotective point of view, to reduce proteinuria after PTRA is an important therapeutic goal in patients with renal artery stenosis with overt proteinuria. We hereby describe two patients successfully treated by combination therapy with PTRA and administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor for bilateral renal artery disease with overt proteinuria.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.2076-18

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  • Capnocytophaga canimorsus peritonitis diagnosed by mass spectrometry in a diabetic patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis: a case report. 査読 国際誌

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Shugo Okamoto, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Jun Wada

    BMC nephrology   20 ( 1 )   219 - 219   2019年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: Bacterial peritonitis is a serious complication of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the identification of causative organisms and use of appropriate antibiotics are essential for treatment, rare and fastidious bacteria are sometimes difficult to detect by conventional biochemical assays. Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a fastidious and slow-growing bacterium that forms a part of the normal oral flora of dogs and cats and is extremely rare as a peritonitis-causing organism. This report demonstrates the usefulness of a mass spectrometry-based technique in identifying such a rare organism in PD-related peritonitis and discusses the diagnosis and treatment of C. canimorsus peritonitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus underwent PD for two years. Repeated exit-site infections led to subcutaneous pathway diversion two months ago. She was hospitalized with fever and abdominal pain as well as cloudy dialysis effluent. Laboratory data revealed increased serum C-reactive protein level and white blood cell (WBC) count in the effluent. Her exit site had no sign of infection, leading to the diagnosis of PD-related peritonitis. Initial therapy with intraperitoneal ceftazidime immediately ameliorated her symptoms, and the WBC count in the effluent normalized in five days. Culture test results of the dialysis effluent on admission were negative with no information regarding the infection route. However, mass spectrometry (MALDI Biotyper, Bruker Daltonics) successfully obtained the specific spectral pattern for C. canimorsus. She had four cats in her house and was advised not to allow the cats in the room where the bag exchange took place. CONCLUSIONS: C. canimorsus is a rare cause of peritonitis in PD patients and is usually susceptible to intraperitoneal third-generation cephalosporins. This mass spectrometry-based bacterial identification method could provide more opportunities to identify uncommon causes and promote appropriate antibiotics therapy in PD-related peritonitis.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12882-019-1415-x

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  • Cavernous Transformation and Granulomatous Epididymis in Behçet Disease 査読 国際誌

    Motokura Y, Watanabe H, Yamamura Y, Kano Y, Matsumoto Y, Kawabata T, Sada K. E, Wada J

    J Clin Rheumatol   25 ( 4 )   45 - 47   2019年6月

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  • Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Cryoablation of Renal Cell Carcinoma in a Renal Allograft: First Case in Asia. 査読

    Ichiro Tsuboi, Motoo Araki, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Toshihiro Iguchi, Takao Hiraki, Naoko Arichi, Kasumi Kawamura, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Tomoko Sako, Atsushi Takamoto, Koichiro Wada, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Toyohiko Watanabe, Hiroyuki Yanai, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Shiina, Susumu Kanazawa, Yasutomo Nasu

    Acta medica Okayama   73 ( 3 )   269 - 272   2019年6月

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    記述言語:英語  

    Nephron-sparing treatment should be offered whenever possible to avoid dialysis in allograph cases. Cryoablation is a new treatment option for treating small-sized renal cell cancer (RCCs). We report a case of RCC arising in a kidney allograft treated by cryoablation. To our knowledge, this is the first case in Asia of RCC in a renal allograft treated using cryoablation. Contrast-enhanced CT-guided percutaneous renal needle biopsy and cryoablation were used to identify the RCC, which could not be identified by other techniques. The postoperative course was uneventful. Contrast-enhanced CT also showed no recurrence or metastases at the 6-month follow-up.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/56871

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  • Inhibitory Effects of Tofogliflozin on Cardiac Hypertrophy in Dahl Salt-Sensitive and Salt-Resistant Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet.

    Tomonari Kimura, Kazufumi Nakamura, Toru Miyoshi, Masashi Yoshida, Kaoru Akazawa, Yukihiro Saito, Satoshi Akagi, Yuko Ohno, Megumi Kondo, Daiji Miura, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    International heart journal   60 ( 3 )   728 - 735   2019年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are drugs for diabetes and might prevent heart failure. In this study, we investigated the effects of tofogliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, on cardiac hypertrophy and metabolism in hypertensive rats fed a high-fat diet. Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats, hypertensive model rats, and Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats, non-hypertensive model rats, were fed a high-salt and high-fat diet containing tofogliflozin (0.005%) for 9 weeks to examine the effects of this drug on cardiac hypertrophy and metabolism. Tofogliflozin tended to suppress a rise of the systolic blood pressure, relative to the control, throughout the treatment period in both DR and DS rats, and significantly suppress a rise of the systolic blood pressure, relative to the control, at the 9th week in DS rats. Tofogliflozin reduced cardiac hypertrophy (heart weight/body weight) not only in DS rats but also in DR rats. Histological analysis showed that tofogliflozin significantly decreased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and perivascular fibrosis in both DS and DR rats. Tofogliflozin significantly decreased the expression levels of genes related to cardiac hypertrophy (encoding for natriuretic peptides A and B and interleukin-6), and to cardiac fibrosis (encoding for transforming growth factor-β1 and collagen type IV), in DS rats. Recent studies have shown that hypertrophied and failing hearts shift to oxidizing ketone bodies as a significant fuel source. We also performed metabolome analysis for ventricular myocardial tissue. Tofogliflozin reduced 3-hydroxybutyrate, a ketone body, and significantly decreased the expression levels of β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase 1 and 3-oxoacid CoA-transferase, which are related to ketone oxidization. In conclusion, tofogliflozin ameliorated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis along with reduction of ketone usage in myocardial tissue.

    DOI: 10.1536/ihj.18-392

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  • The clinical efficacy of angiotensin II type1 receptor blockers on inflammatory markers in patients with hypertension: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial; MUSCAT-3 study. 国際誌

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuka Okuyama, Yuki Kakio, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals   24 ( 3 )   255 - 261   2019年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Purpose: The purpose of present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of irbesartan on the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effect in patients with hypertension compared to other ARBs. Further, we assessed the effect of the ARBs on kidney function and urinary albumin excretion. Methods: Eighty-five outpatients with hypertension who took an ARB except irbesartan more than 3 months were assigned into two groups, one continued the same ARB and the other switched the ARB to irbesartan for 6 months. Results: Although blood pressures were equally controlled (continue group: 148 ± 2/79 ± 2 mmHg to 131 ± 2/74 ± 2 mmHg; switch group: 152 ± 2/81 ± 2 mmHg to 132 ± 2/74 ± 2 mmHg; p < 0.001 each), the inflammatory markers (hsCRP, PTX3, MCP-1) and oxidative stress marker (MDA-LDL) did not change after 6 months in both groups. Urinary albumin excretion was significantly reduced only in the switch group without renal function deterioration (switch group 292.4 ± 857.9 mg/gCr to 250.6 ± 906.5 mg/gCr, p = 0.012). Conclusion: These results provide knowledge of the characteristics of irbesartan, suggesting appropriate choice of ARBs in the treatment for hypertension should be considered.

    DOI: 10.1080/1354750X.2018.1548033

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  • Reply

    Jun Wada, Sonia Zeggar

    Arthritis & Rheumatology   2019年5月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40822

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  • Gut microbiome-derived phenyl sulfate contributes to albuminuria in diabetic kidney disease. 国際誌

    Koichi Kikuchi, Daisuke Saigusa, Yoshitomi Kanemitsu, Yotaro Matsumoto, Paxton Thanai, Naoto Suzuki, Koki Mise, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Tomohiro Nakamura, Kei Asaji, Chikahisa Mukawa, Hiroki Tsukamoto, Toshihiro Sato, Yoshitsugu Oikawa, Tomoyuki Iwasaki, Yuji Oe, Tomoya Tsukimi, Noriko N Fukuda, Hsin-Jung Ho, Fumika Nanto-Hara, Jiro Ogura, Ritsumi Saito, Shizuko Nagao, Yusuke Ohsaki, Satoshi Shimada, Takehiro Suzuki, Takafumi Toyohara, Eikan Mishima, Hisato Shima, Yasutoshi Akiyama, Yukako Akiyama, Mariko Ichijo, Tetsuro Matsuhashi, Akihiro Matsuo, Yoshiaki Ogata, Ching-Chin Yang, Chitose Suzuki, Matthew C Breeggemann, Jurgen Heymann, Miho Shimizu, Susumu Ogawa, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Takashi Suzuki, Yuji Owada, Shigeo Kure, Nariyasu Mano, Tomoyoshi Soga, Takashi Wada, Jeffrey B Kopp, Shinji Fukuda, Atsushi Hozawa, Masayuki Yamamoto, Sadayoshi Ito, Jun Wada, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Takaaki Abe

    Nature communications   10 ( 1 )   1835 - 1835   2019年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Nature Communications  

    Diabetic kidney disease is a major cause of renal failure that urgently necessitates a breakthrough in disease management. Here we show using untargeted metabolomics that levels of phenyl sulfate, a gut microbiota-derived metabolite, increase with the progression of diabetes in rats overexpressing human uremic toxin transporter SLCO4C1 in the kidney, and are decreased in rats with limited proteinuria. In experimental models of diabetes, phenyl sulfate administration induces albuminuria and podocyte damage. In a diabetic patient cohort, phenyl sulfate levels significantly correlate with basal and predicted 2-year progression of albuminuria in patients with microalbuminuria. Inhibition of tyrosine phenol-lyase, a bacterial enzyme responsible for the synthesis of phenol from dietary tyrosine before it is metabolized into phenyl sulfate in the liver, reduces albuminuria in diabetic mice. Together, our results suggest that phenyl sulfate contributes to albuminuria and could be used as a disease marker and future therapeutic target in diabetic kidney disease.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09735-4

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  • Parathyroid Lipoadenoma: A Pitfall in Preoperative Localization.

    Satoshi Fujisawa, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 8 )   1183 - 1184   2019年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1249-18

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  • Exogenous Vasohibin-2 Exacerbates Angiotensin II-Induced Ascending Aortic Dilation in Mice. 査読

    Michihiro Okuyama, Haruhito A Uchida, Yoshiko Hada, Yuki Kakio, Nozomu Otaka, Ryoko Umebayashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yasuhiro Fujii, Shingo Kasahara, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    Circulation reports   1 ( 4 )   155 - 161   2019年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: Chronic angiotensin II (AngII) infusion promotes ascending aortic dilation in C57BL/6J mice. Meanwhile, vasohibin-2 (VASH2) is an angiogenesis promoter in neovascularization under various pathologic conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether exogenous VASH2 influences chronic AngII-induced ascending aortic dilation. Methods and Results: Eight-ten-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were injected with adenovirus (Ad) expressing either VASH2 or LacZ. One week after the injection, mice were infused with either AngII or saline s.c. for 3 weeks. Mice were divided into 4 groups: AngII+VASH2, AngII+LacZ, saline+VASH2, and saline+LacZ. Overexpression of VASH2 significantly increased AngII-induced intimal areas as well as the external diameter of the ascending aorta. In addition, VASH2 overexpression promoted ascending aortic medial elastin fragmentation in AngII-infused mice, which was associated with increased matrix metalloproteinase activity and medial smooth muscle cell (SMC) apoptosis. On western blot analysis, accumulation of apoptotic signaling proteins, p21 and p53 was increased in the AngII+VASH2 group. Furthermore, transfection of human aortic SMC with Ad VASH2 increased p21 and p53 protein abundance upon AngII stimulation. Positive TUNEL staining was also detected in the same group of the human aortic SMC. Conclusions: Exogenous VASH2 exacerbates AngII-induced ascending aortic dilation in vivo, which is associated with increased medial apoptosis and elastin fragmentation.

    DOI: 10.1253/circrep.CR-19-0008

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  • The relationship between repeated measurement of casual and 24-h urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio in patients with chronic kidney disease. 国際誌

    Yuka Okuyama, Haruhito A Uchida, Toshiyuki Iwahori, Hiroyoshi Segawa, Ayako Kato, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Ryoko Umebayashi, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Jun Wada

    Journal of human hypertension   33 ( 4 )   286 - 297   2019年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    This study aimed to clarify the relationship between repeated measurements of casual (spot) and 24-h urinary sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratios in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 61 inpatients with CKD, 31 in stage 1-3 (eGFR [estimated glomerular filtration rate] ≥ 30 ml/min/1.73 m2) and 30 in stage 4-5 (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2), aged 20-85 consuming a low-sodium diet (NaCl [sodium chloride] 6 g/day) were recruited. Urinary Na, K, and Na/K ratios were measured in both casual urine samples and 2-day, 24 h urine samples, and then analyzed by correlation and Bland-Altman analyses. Mean 24-h urine Na/K ratio was higher in participants in stage 4-5 (5.1) than in participants in stage 1-3 (4.1) CKD. Casual urine Na/K ratio was strongly correlated with 2-day, 24-h urine Na/K ratio by sampling 4 casual urine specimens every morning and evening in participants in stage 1-3 (r = 0.69-0.78), but not in stage 4-5 (r = 0.12-0.19). The bias for mean Na/K ratio between 2-day, 24-h urine, and the 4 casual urine sampling ranged from -0.86 to 0.16 in participants in stage 1-3, and the quality of agreement for the mean of this casual urine sampling was similar to that of sampling 8 casual urine samples for estimating 2-day, 24-h values. Methods using repeated casual urine Na/K ratios may provide a reasonable estimation of 24-h urine Na/K ratio in normotensive and hypertensive as well as individuals with stage 1-3, but not stage 4-5 CKD.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41371-018-0127-1

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  • Orexin A modulates prolactin production by regulating BMP-4 activity in rat pituitary lactotorope cells. 国際誌

    Satoshi Fujisawa, Motoshi Komatsubara, Kanako Ogura-Ochi, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Kishio Toma, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    Peptides   113   35 - 40   2019年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The impact of orexins on anterior pituitary function has yet to be clarified. We studied the effects of orexin A and its interaction with the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system on the regulatory role of prolactin synthesis using rat lactotrope GH3 cells expressing BMP-4. Orexin type 1 receptor (OX1R), but not type 2 receptor (OX2R), was predominantly expressed in GH3 cells. Orexin A suppressed forskolin-induced, but not basal, prolactin mRNA expression without reducing cAMP levels. Of note, orexin A suppressed BMP-4-induced prolactin mRNA and cAMP synthesis. Impairment of the effects of orexin by chemical inhibitors suggested involvement of the P38 pathway in the OX1R activity that suppresses BMP-4-induced PRL expression. Given that inhibition of BMP-receptor signaling reduced prolactin mRNA levels, endogenous BMP action is likely to be linked to the activation of prolactin synthesis by GH3 cells. Orexin A was revealed to suppress Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation and Id-1 transcription induced by BMP-4, which was restored in the presence of orexin-receptor antagonists, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of orexin A occurred via OX1R. Orexin A also reduced ALK-3 expression but increased inhibitory Smad6/7 expression, while BMP-4 treatment downregulated OX1R expression. These results indicated that orexin A plays an inhibitory role in prolactin production through suppression of endogenous BMP activity in GH3 cells, suggesting that a new functional role of the interaction between orexin and BMP-4 is modulation of prolactin levels in lactotrope cells.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2019.01.002

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  • Regulation of Cathepsin E gene expression by the transcription factor Kaiso in MRL/lpr mice derived CD4+ T cells. 査読 国際誌

    Sumie Hiramatsu, Katsue S Watanabe, Sonia Zeggar, Yosuke Asano, Yoshia Miyawaki, Yuriko Yamamura, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   9 ( 1 )   3054 - 3054   2019年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Nature  

    Global DNA hypomethylation in CD4+ cells in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was suggested to play a key role in the pathogenesis. To identify new methylation-sensitive genes, we integrated genome-wide DNA methylation and mRNA profiling data in CD4+ cells of MRL/lpr (MRL) and C57BL6/J (B6) mice. We identified Cathepsin E (Ctse), in which 13 methyl-CpGs within 583 bp region of intron 1 were hypomethylated, and Ctse mRNA upregulated in MRL compared with B6 mice. One of methyl-CpGs, mCGCG was 93.3 ± 2.05% methylated in B6 mice, while 80.0 ± 6.2% methylated and mutated to CGGG in MRL mice. Kaiso is known to bind to mCGCG and we hypothesized that it represses expression of Ctse in B6 mice. The binding of Kaiso to mCGCG site in B6 mice was reduced in MRL mice revealed by ChIP-PCR. EL4 cells treated with 5-azaC and/or Trichostatin A showed the suppression of binding of Kaiso to mCGCG motif by ChIP-PCR and the overexpression of Ctse was demonstrated by qPCR. Ctse gene silencing by siRNA in EL4 cells resulted in reduction of IL-10 secretion. The hypomethylation of mCGCG motif, reduced recruitment of Kaiso, and increased expression of Ctse and Il-10 in CD4+ cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-38809-y

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  • Effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery protocol in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy: A randomized controlled trial. 査読 国際誌

    Kosei Takagi, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takahito Yagi, Yuzo Umeda, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Shiro Hinotsu, Takashi Matsusaki, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Masuo Senda, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)   38 ( 1 )   174 - 181   2019年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence of the advantages of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the efficiency of ERAS protocols in patients following PD. METHODS: Between June 2014 and October 2016, patients undergoing PD were randomly assigned to receive ERAS protocols or standard care. The primary endpoint was the postoperative length of stay. Secondary endpoints included postoperative complications, postoperative quality-of-life (QoR-40J), readmission, and medical cost. RESULTS: Of 80 eligible patients, 74 were analyzed in intention-to-treat principles: 37 in the control group and 37 in the ERAS group. The mean length of stay in the ERAS group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (20.1 ± 5.4 vs 26.9 ± 13.5 days, P < 0.001). The ERAS group had a significantly lower percentage of postoperative complications (32.4% vs 56.8%, P = 0.034) and readmissions (0% vs 8.1%, P = 0.038). Quality-of-life was also significantly better in the ERAS group (184 ± 12.4 vs 177 ± 14.5, P = 0.022). The total medical cost was lower in the ERAS group, but not significantly ($25,445 ± 5065 vs $28,384 ± 9999, P = 0.085). CONCLUSIONS: The optimization of ERAS protocols in patients undergoing PD is safe and accelerates perioperative recovery and quality-of-life, thereby reducing the length of stay. Morbidity was significantly decreased in the ERAS group without compromising surgical outcome. REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000014068.

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  • Hemoptysis Originating from the Bronchial Artery in Takayasu Arteritis with Ulcerative Colitis. 査読

    Ryota Imamura, Keigo Hayashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yuriko Yamamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 2 )   293 - 295   2019年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a large-vessel vasculitis affecting the aorta and its main branches. Hemoptysis can be experienced as the respiratory manifestation, but origination from a bronchial artery is rare. Ulcerative colitis (UC) shares genetic similarities with TAK; HLA-B52*01 is associated with TAK and UC. We herein report a patient who presented with hemoptysis from the right bronchial artery and was diagnosed with TAK during the follow-up of UC. Transcatheter embolization was performed, and prednisolone and tocilizumab induced remission. Complication of TAK should be considered in the clinical course of HLA-B52-positive UC patients, and tocilizumab may be a treatment option.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1463-18

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  • GPIHBP1 autoantibody syndrome during interferon β1a treatment. 査読

    Eguchi J, Miyashita K, Fukamachi I, Nakajima K, Murakami M, Kawahara Y, Yamashita T, Ohta Y, Abe K, Nakatsuka A, Mino M, Takase S, Okazaki H, Hegele RA, Ploug M, Hu X, Wada J, Young SG, Beigneux AP

    Journal of clinical lipidology   13 ( 1 )   62 - 69   2019年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2018.10.004

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  • Lymphoproliferative disease in a patient with Takayasu arteritis and ulcerative colitis 査読

    Asano, Y., Sada, K.-E., Hayashi, K., Yamamura, Y., Hiramatsu, S., Ohashi, K., Miyawaki, Y., Morishita, M., Watanabe, H., Matsumoto, Y., Kawabata, T., Tanaka, N., Hiraoka, S., Wada, J.

    Modern Rheumatology Case Reports   3 ( 1 )   34   2019年1月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Informa {UK} Limited  

    DOI: 10.1080/24725625.2018.1507271

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  • Report of health checkup system for chronic kidney disease in general population in Okayama city: effect of health guidance intervention on chronic kidney disease outcome. 国際誌

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hiroyuki Watatani, Yohei Maeshima, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    International journal of nephrology and renovascular disease   12   143 - 152   2019年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: From 2011, Okayama municipal government started the health checkup follow-up project to find those who were unaware of suffering chronic kidney disease and to prevent from aggravation of CKD stage. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of 2 years' CKD-follow-up project regarding renal function and CKD risks. Patients and methods: Those who received a health checkup by the national health insurance in Okayama city in 2011 were recruited. The patients with lifestyle-related diseases or metabolic syndrome were excluded. Subjects who had an estimated glomerular filtration rate<50 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urinary protein positive by dipstick test were defined as compromised renal function group. They were recommended to visit a medical institution. Non-compromised renal function participants with two or more risks for CKD (hyperglycemia, higher blood pressure, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia) were recommended to receive a health guidance (risk group). The change of renal function and CKD risks between 2011 and 2013 in each group was examined. Results: A total of 28,309 people received a health checkup in 2011. In compromised renal function group, 39.5% (96/243) of the subjects improved their CKD stages in 2013 regardless of the visit of medical institutions or the frequency of receiving health checkup. In risk group, 63.4% (260/410) of the subjects decreased their CKD risks in 2013 independent of the reception of health guidance. Conclusion: In both compromised renal function group and risk group, more than half of subjects kept their kidney function (217/243) and decreased the number of CKD risks (260/410) in 2 years' follow-up. Receiving a health checkup itself and notification of one's own health condition could exert a protective effect on kidney function.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S198781

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  • Thrombocytosis as a prognostic factor in polymyalgia rheumatica: characteristics determined from cluster analysis. 査読 国際誌

    Keigo Hayashi, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Ken-Ei Sada, Kenta Shidahara, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Therapeutic advances in musculoskeletal disease   11   1759720X19864822   2019年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: This study aimed to identify the clinical subgroups of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) using cluster analysis and compare the outcomes among the identified subgroups. Methods: We enrolled patients with PMR who were diagnosed at Okayama University Hospital, Japan between 2006 and 2017, met the 2012 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology provisional classification criteria for PMR, and were treated with glucocorticoids. Hierarchical cluster analysis using variables selected by principal component analysis was performed to identify the clusters. Subsequently, the outcomes among the identified clusters were compared in the study. The primary outcome was treatment response at 1 month after commencement of treatment. The secondary outcome was refractory clinical course, which was defined as the requirement of additional treatments or relapse during a 2-year observational period. Results: A total of 61 consecutive patients with PMR were enrolled in the study. Their mean age was 71 years, and 67% were female. Hierarchical cluster analysis revealed three distinct subgroups: cluster 1 (n = 14) was characterized by patients with thrombocytosis (all patients showed a platelet count of >45 × 10⁴/µl), cluster 2 (n = 38), by patients without peripheral arthritis, and cluster 3 (n = 9), by patients with peripheral arthritis. The patients in cluster 1 achieved treatment response less frequently than those in cluster 2 (14% versus 47%, p = 0.030). Refractory cases were more frequent in cluster 1 than in cluster 2; however, no significant difference was noted (71% versus 42%, p = 0.06). Conclusions: Thrombocytosis could predict the clinical course in patients with PMR.

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  • Urine 5MedC, a Marker of DNA Methylation, in the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease. 査読 国際誌

    Akifumi Onishi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Toshio Yamanari, Keiko Tanaka, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masaru Kinomura, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    Disease markers   2019   5432453 - 5432453   2019年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: Alterations in DNA methylation may be involved in disease progression in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have suggested that 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine (5MedC) may be a marker of hypermethylation of DNA. Currently, there is no information available regarding the urine levels of 5MedC and its association with the progression of CKD. Method: We examined the urine levels of 5MedC in spot urine samples from 308 patients with CKD (median age: 56 years, male: 53.2%, and glomerulonephritis: 51.0%) using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and investigated the relationships among urine 5MedC, urine albumin, urine α1-microglobulin (α1MG), and the laboratory parameters associated with CKD. The patients were followed for three years to evaluate renal endpoints in a prospective manner. Results: The urine 5MedC level was significantly increased in the later stages of CKD compared to the early to middle stages of CKD. In multiple logistic regression models, urine 5MedC was significantly associated with the prediction of later CKD stages. Urine 5MedC (median value, 65.9 μmol/gCr) was significantly able to predict a 30% decline in the estimated GFR or a development of end-stage renal disease when combined with macroalbuminuria or an increased level of urine α1MG (median value, 5.7 mg/gCr). Conclusion: The present data demonstrate that the urine 5MedC level is associated with a reduced renal function and can serve as a novel and potent biomarker for predicting the renal outcome in CKD patients. Further studies will be necessary to elucidate the role of urine DNA methylation in the progression of CKD.

    DOI: 10.1155/2019/5432453

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  • Risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis. 査読 国際誌

    Michiko Morishita, Ken-Ei Sada, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Keigo Hayashi, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    PloS one   14 ( 7 )   e0218705   2019年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    AIMS: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection under immunosuppression sometimes causes death. This study aimed to elucidate risk factors for CMV infection in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Patients with AAV who underwent remission induction treatment at Okayama University Hospital between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was the development of CMV infection within 3 months. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients, 13 (11.7%) patients developed CMV infection. Patients with CMV infection were older (p = 0.030) and had a higher body mass index (p = 0.029) in comparison to those without CMV infection. A higher proportion had a severe form (p = 0.001) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (p = 0.001), as well as a higher Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (p = 0.018) and C-reactive protein (p = 0.018) levels at baseline. Using logistic regression analysis, severe form and GPA were independent risk factors (odds ratio [OR] = 9.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.92-60.23, and OR = 7.46, 95% CI = 1.46-47.60, respectively). In addition, patients with CMV infection were more likely than those without infection to be glucocorticoid-related diabetes mellitus (p = 0.025). CONCLUSION: Our study highlights disease severity and subgroups of AAV as risk factors for CMV infection.

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  • HIV-associated Immune Complex Kidney Disease with C3-dominant Deposition Induced by HIV Infection after Treatment of IgA Nephropathy

    Chieko Kawakita, Masaru Kinomura, Nozomu Otaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Nobuchika Kusano, Masashi Mizuno, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   58 ( 20 )   3001 - 3007   2019年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Hematuria and proteinuria were improved by tonsillectomy plus methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Lymphadenopathy, hypocomplementemia and pancytopenia were observed six years later, and urinalysis abnormalities recurred. A biopsy revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with C3-dominant deposition. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody demonstrated positive conversion. He was diagnosed with HIV-associated immune complex kidney disease (HIVICK). The hematuria, proteinuria and hypocomplementemia were improved by reducing the HIV viral load through antiretroviral therapy. When C3-dominant deposition is observed on a renal biopsy, HIVICK must be differentiated.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.2439-18

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  • Retraction: Withdrawal: Isolation and functional analysis of mouse UbA52 gene and its relevance to diabetic nephropathy (The Journal of biological chemistry (2002) 277 33 (29953-29962))

    Sun, L., Pan, X., Wada, J., Haas, C.S., Wuthrich, R.P., Danesh, F.R., Chugh, S.S., Kanwar, Y.S.

    The Journal of biological chemistry   294 ( 26 )   10382 - 10382   2019年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1074/jbc.W119.009588

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  • MON-485 Effects of Orexin A on Prolactin Production by Regulating BMP-4 Activity in Rat Pituitary Lactotorope Cells

    Jun Wada

    Journal of the Endocrine Society   2019年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1210/js.2019-mon-485

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    Wada, J., Zeggar, S.

    Arthritis and Rheumatology   71 ( 5 )   2019年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40822

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  • A retrospective observational study on the effects of switching from conventional insulin pump to sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy

    Yamaguchi, S., Tone, A., Teshigawara, S., Watanabe, M., Katayama, A., Miyamoto, S., Eguchi, J., Nakatsuka, A., Higuchi, C., Ogawa, D., Shikata, K., Wada, J.

    Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society   62 ( 5 )   2019年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.11213/tonyobyo.62.315

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  • Multiple nodular pulmonary amyloidosis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis

    Morishita, M., Kawabata, T., Ohashi, K., Miyawaki, Y., Watanabe, H., Sada, K.-E., Wada, J.

    Modern Rheumatology Case Reports   3 ( 2 )   2019年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1080/24725625.2018.1550168

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  • Secretomes from Mesenchymal Stem Cells against Acute Kidney Injury: Possible Heterogeneity

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    Stem Cells International   2018年12月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1155/2018/8693137

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  • Acquired partial lipoatrophy as graft-versus-host disease and treatment with metreleptin: two case reports. 査読 国際誌

    Yusuke Shibata, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Satoshi Miyamoto, Yukari Masuda, Motoharu Awazawa, Akinobu Takaki, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takahito Yagi, Jun Wada

    Journal of medical case reports   12 ( 1 )   368 - 368   2018年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    INTRODUCTION: Acquired partial lipoatrophy has been reported after bone marrow transplantation during childhood; however, no adult cases have previously been reported. We herein report two adult cases of acquired partial lipoatrophy after transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old Japanese woman developed diabetic ketoacidosis and received insulin therapy after bone marrow transplantation. She manifested partial lipoatrophy of the extremities, prominent insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and fatty liver. A 40-year-old Japanese woman underwent liver transplantation from a living donor for alcoholic liver disease after abstinence from alcohol. She newly developed non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and diabetes. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis progressed to liver failure, and a second liver transplantation from a brain-dead donor was performed at 42 years of age. She demonstrated loss of subdermal fat of the upper and lower extremities, prominent insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. In both cases, the injection of recombinant methionyl human leptin reversed all of the metabolic abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired partial lipoatrophy after transplantation is a manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease in adults. This entity is associated with diabetes with prominent insulin resistance and severe hypertriglycemia and can be successfully treated with metreleptin for the long term.

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  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm in aged population. 国際誌

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    Aging   10 ( 12 )   3650 - 3651   2018年12月

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    記述言語:英語  

    DOI: 10.18632/aging.101702

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  • Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive familial Mediterranean fever and hyperthyroidism: A case report. 国際誌

    Sorato Segoe, Ken-Ei Sada, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    Medicine   97 ( 51 )   e13805   2018年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    RATIONALE: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetic autoinflammatory disorder characterized by serositis and recurrent fever. Previous reports identified patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive FMF, but vasculitis symptoms were not reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 44-year-old man with numbness. He had a history of 3 episodes of pleurisy and was being treated with propylthiouracil for hyperthyroidism. Because he was ANCA-positive, we suspected drug-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis and propylthiouracil was discontinued. However, his numbness was not ameliorated, and he again developed high fever with pleurisy. DIAGNOSIS: Diagnosis of FMF was finally made, and genetic analysis revealed compound heterozygous mutations in exon 2 of the familial Mediterranean fever gene (L110P/E148Q). INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with 0.5 mg/day of colchicine. OUTCOMES: His numbness improved, and fever has not recurred. LESSONS: Appearance of ANCA and development of vasculitis should be considered in a clinical course of FMF with hyperthyroidism.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013805

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  • Diabetic nephropathy is associated with frailty in patients with chronic hemodialysis. 査読

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Michihiro Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Kentaro Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Shingo Kasahara, Jun Wada

    Geriatrics & gerontology international   18 ( 12 )   1597 - 1602   2018年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    AIM: Since 1998, the leading cause of chronic hemodialysis in Japan has been diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes mellitus is known to be a risk factor for frailty, but it still remains unknown whether diabetic nephropathy is associated with frailty in chronic dialysis patients. The authors carried out the present study to reveal the association between frailty and diabetic nephropathy in chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 355 patients who were on hemodialysis were recruited. Participants were divided into two groups of either patients who suffered diabetic nephropathy with end-stage renal disease (DN group, n = 150) or not (Non-DN group, n = 205). The authors investigated the difference of the prevalence of frailty between the two groups. Furthermore, the authors examined the risk factors for frailty. RESULTS: The prevalence of frailty in the DN group was significantly higher than that in the Non-DN group (28.0% vs 16.5%, P = 0.0161). To evaluate the association between frailty and its risk factors, we compared frail patients (n = 71) and non-frail patients (n = 262). After adjusting their interrelationships by using multivariate logistic regression analysis, diabetic nephropathy was determined as a significant risk factor for frailty. CONCLUSIONS: The authors found the close association between frailty and diabetic nephropathy in chronic hemodialysis patients. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; 18: 1597-1602.

    DOI: 10.1111/ggi.13534

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6508-4338

  • Progressive reduction of serum complement levels: a risk factor for relapse in patients with hypocomplementemia in systemic lupus erythematosus 査読

    Miyawaki, Y., Sada, K., Asano, Y., Hayashi, K., Yamamura, Y., Hiramatsu, S., Ohashi, K., Morishita, M., Watanabe, H., Matsumoto, Y., Kawabata, T., Wada, J.

    Lupus   27 ( 13 )   2093   2018年11月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:{SAGE} Publications  

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203318804892

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  • An open-label pilot study on preventing glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus with linagliptin. 査読 国際誌

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Journal of medical case reports   12 ( 1 )   288 - 288   2018年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: Numerous patients develop diabetes in response to glucocorticoid therapy. This study explored the efficacy, safety, and preventive potential of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, linagliptin (TRADJENTA®), in the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus. METHODS: From December 2014 to November 2015, we recruited non-diabetic Japanese patients scheduled for treatment with daily prednisolone ≥20 mg. Enrolled patients had at least one of following risk factors for glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus: estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤ 60 mL/minute/1.73 m2; age ≥ 65 years; hemoglobin A1c > 6.0%. A daily dose of 5 mg of linagliptin was administered simultaneously with glucocorticoid therapy. The primary outcome was the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus. Additional orally administered hypoglycemic medications and/or insulin injection therapy was initiated according to the blood glucose level. RESULTS: Four of five patients developed glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus within 1 week of glucocorticoid treatment. For 12 weeks, two of the four patients with glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus required orally administered medications, but no patients required insulin. Blood glucose levels before breakfast and lunch tended to decrease with time; the median glucose levels before breakfast were 93 and 79.5 mg/dL at 1 and 3 weeks, respectively. Two patients experienced mild hypoglycemia around 2 weeks. Glucose levels after lunch remained high throughout all 4 weeks despite decreasing the glucocorticoid dosage. CONCLUSIONS: Linagliptin may be insufficient to prevent the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus but has the potential to reduce the requirement for insulin injection therapy. Treatment of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus was continued for at least 1 month and fasting hypoglycemia in early morning should be monitored after 2 weeks. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered 02 November 2014 with UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (no. 000015588 ).

    DOI: 10.1186/s13256-018-1817-6

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    Jun Wada, Sonia Zeggar

    Arthritis & Rheumatology   70 ( 9 )   1531 - 1532   2018年9月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40563

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40822

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  • Renal expression of trefoil factor 3 mRNA in association with tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgA nephropathy. 査読 国際誌

    Keiko Tanaka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Toshio Yamanari, Koki Mise, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Jun Eguchi, Yasukazu Ohmoto, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)   23 ( 9 )   855 - 862   2018年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    AIM: Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is a small peptide that is involved in mucosal protection. TFF3 is widely expressed in multiple tissues including kidney tissue. Previous studies have reported that the levels of urinary TFF3 are significantly increased in patients with chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study is to detect the TFF3 mRNA in kidney and elucidate the relationship between renal TFF3 mRNA and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: We investigated the renal mRNA expression of TFF3 by real-time PCR analysis in biopsy specimens from patients with IgAN, other glomerulonephritis (OGN) and minor glomerular abnormalities (MGA). We also determined the renal localization of TFF3 and the levels of urinary TFF3 by immunostaining and ELISA, respectively. RESULTS: The renal TFF3 mRNA expression was significantly associated with the urinary TFF3 secretion and the tubulointerstitial fibrosis score in the IgAN group alone. Immunostaining of the renal specimen of IgAN patients revealed that TFF3 is located in the renal tubular epithelial cells. The locations were almost the same as those that showed uromodulin positivity; specifically, the thick ascending limb (TAL) of the loop of Henle and the early portion of the distal tubule. The urinary TFF3 levels were positively correlated with the levels of urinary biomarkers of tubulointerstitial injury in such patients. CONCLUSION: Renal TFF3 mRNA is associated with renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgAN patients. The TFF3 located in the renal tubular epithelial cells may play a role in the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgAN patients.

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.13444

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  • Chronic kidney disease is associated with carotid atherosclerosis and symptomatic ischaemic stroke. 国際誌

    Nobuo Kajitani, Haruhito A Uchida, Isao Suminoe, Yuki Kakio, Masashi Kitagawa, Hajime Sato, Jun Wada

    The Journal of international medical research   46 ( 9 )   3873 - 3883   2018年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Objective We aimed to investigate the relationships among chronic kidney disease (CKD), symptomatic ischaemic stroke, and carotid atherosclerosis. Methods We enrolled 455 patients who underwent carotid ultrasonography in our hospital, including 311 patients with symptomatic ischaemic stroke and 144 patients without symptomatic ischaemic stroke. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), the rate of internal carotid artery stenosis, and maximal plaque size were evaluated. Results The mean age of the patients was 68.5 ± 11.0 years and the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 68.8 ± 18.2 mL/min/1.73 m2. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, the mean IMT was significantly higher in patients with CKD than in those without CKD. The IMT and eGFR were negatively correlated in patients with stroke (r = -0.169). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that mean IMT, plaque size, and internal carotid artery stenosis were significant determinants of symptomatic ischaemic stroke after adjustment of multivariate risk factors. Furthermore, the eGFR was a negative determinant of symptomatic ischaemic stroke after adjusting for classical risk factors (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 0.868 [0.769-0.979]). Conclusion CKD might be associated with the carotid atherosclerosis and symptomatic ischaemic stroke.

    DOI: 10.1177/0300060518781619

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    Jun Wada, Sonia Zeggar

    Arthritis & Rheumatology   2018年9月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40563

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  • Peripheral artery disease is associated with frailty in chronic hemodialysis patients. 査読 国際誌

    Michihiro Okuyama, Hidemi Takeuchi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Yuka Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Kentaro Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Shingo Kasahara, Jun Wada

    Vascular   26 ( 4 )   425 - 431   2018年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Objectives The clinical condition of frailty is a common problem in the elderly population. However, the relationship between peripheral artery disease and frailty in hemodialysis patients remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the relationships between peripheral artery disease and frailty in Japanese chronic hemodialysis patients. Methods A total of 362 chronic hemodialysis patients who regularly visited six institutions were enrolled. To evaluate frailty, the modified Fried's frailty phenotype adjusted for Japanese were used. Peripheral artery disease was defined as ankle-brachial index <0.9. Results Of 362 patients, 62 patients (17.1%) were categorized as peripheral artery disease group and 300 patients (82.9%) as Non-peripheral artery disease group. The prevalence of frailty in the peripheral artery disease group was significantly higher than in the Non-peripheral artery disease group (34% vs. 18%, P = 0.0103). Non-shunt side grip strength was significantly stronger in the Non-peripheral artery disease group (23.6 kg vs. 17.0 kg, P < 0.0001). Thigh circumferences were also significantly larger in the Non-peripheral artery disease group (41.7 cm vs. 39.7 cm, P = 0.0054). A multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the factors independently associated with peripheral artery disease were as follows: frailty (odds ratio = 2.06, 95% confidence interval 1.09-3.89) and myocardial infarction (odds ratio = 3.74, 95% confidence interval 2.05-6.83). Conclusions It is concluded that peripheral artery disease is closely associated with frailty in hemodialysis patients.

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  • Identification of Novel Urinary Biomarkers for Predicting Renal Prognosis in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes by Glycan Profiling in a Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study: U-CARE Study 1. 査読 国際誌

    Koki Mise, Mariko Imamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Atsuhito Tone, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Daisuke Ogawa, Michihiro Yoshida, Masao Yamada, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Diabetes care   41 ( 8 )   1765 - 1775   2018年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVE: Because quantifying glycans with complex structures is technically challenging, little is known about the association of glycosylation profiles with the renal prognosis in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In 675 patients with type 2 diabetes, we assessed the baseline urinary glycan signals binding to 45 lectins with different specificities. The end point was a decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by ≥30% from baseline or dialysis for end-stage renal disease. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 4.0 years, 63 patients reached the end point. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that urinary levels of glycans binding to six lectins were significantly associated with the outcome after adjustment for known indicators of DKD, although these urinary glycans, except that for DBA, were highly correlated with baseline albuminuria and eGFR. Hazard ratios for these lectins were (+1 SD for the glycan index) as follows: SNA (recognizing glycan Siaα2-6Gal/GalNAc), 1.42 (95% CI 1.14-1.76); RCA120 (Galβ4GlcNAc), 1.28 (1.01-1.64); DBA (GalNAcα3GalNAc), 0.80 (0.64-0.997); ABA (Galβ3GalNAc), 1.29 (1.02-1.64); Jacalin (Galβ3GalNAc), 1.30 (1.02-1.67); and ACA (Galβ3GalNAc), 1.32 (1.04-1.67). Adding these glycan indexes to a model containing known indicators of progression improved prediction of the outcome (net reclassification improvement increased by 0.51 [0.22-0.80], relative integrated discrimination improvement increased by 0.18 [0.01-0.35], and the Akaike information criterion decreased from 296 to 287). CONCLUSIONS: The urinary glycan profile identified in this study may be useful for predicting renal prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Additional investigation of glycosylation changes and urinary glycan excretion in DKD is needed.

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  • Refractory neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder in systemic lupus erythematosus successfully treated with rituximab 査読

    K. Shidahara, K. Hayashi, K. E. Sada, S. Hiramatsu, M. Morishita, H. Watanabe, Y. Matsumoto, T. Kawabata, J. Wada

    Lupus   27 ( 8 )   1374 - 1377   2018年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SAGE Publications Ltd  

    We present a case of a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who had refractory episodes of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and was successfully treated with rituximab. She was positive for anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody and had typical cranial and longitudinally extended spinal lesions but no optic nerve involvement. There is no established treatment for NMOSD/SLE overlap cases. Our experience suggests that rituximab may be effective for patients with combined SLE and anti-AQP4 antibody-positive NMOSD.

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203318760994

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  • Role of Lgals9 Deficiency in Attenuating Nephritis and Arthritis in BALB/c Mice in a Pristane-Induced Lupus Model. 査読 国際誌

    Sonia Zeggar, Katsue S Watanabe, Sanae Teshigawara, Sumie Hiramatsu, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Toshiro Niki, Mitsuomi Hirashima, Jun Wada

    Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.)   70 ( 7 )   1089 - 1101   2018年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVE: In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease associated with multiple organ involvement, the development of lupus nephritis determines prognosis, and arthritis impairs quality of life. Galectin 9 (Gal-9, Lgals9) is a β-galactoside-binding lectin that has been used for clinical application in autoimmune diseases, since recombinant Gal-9, as a ligand for T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM-3), induces apoptosis of activated CD4+TIM-3+ Th1 cells. This study was undertaken to investigate whether deficiency of Lgals9 has beneficial or deleterious effects on lupus in a murine model. METHODS: Gal-9+/+ and Gal-9-/- female BALB/c mice were injected with pristane, and the severity of arthritis, proteinuria, and levels of autoantibody production were assessed at several time points immediately following injection. At 7 months after pristane injection, renal pathologic features, the severity of joint inflammation, and formation of lipogranulomas were evaluated. Subsets of inflammatory cells in the spleen and peritoneal lavage were characterized, and expression levels of cytokines from peritoneal macrophages were analyzed. RESULTS: Lgals9 deficiency protected against the development of immune complex glomerulonephritis, arthritis, and peritoneal lipogranuloma formation in BALB/c mice in this murine model of pristane-induced lupus. The populations of T cell subsets and B cells in the spleen and peritoneum were not altered by Lgals9 deficiency in pristane-injected BALB/c mice. Furthermore, Lgals9 deficiency protected against pristane-induced lupus without altering the Toll-like receptor 7-type I interferon pathway. CONCLUSION: Gal-9 is required for the induction and development of lupus nephritis and arthritis in this murine model of SLE. The results of the current investigation provide a potential new strategy in which antagonism of Gal-9 may be beneficial for the treatment of nephritis and arthritis in patients with SLE through targeting of activated macrophages.

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40467

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  • Development of a novel estimation method for hemoglobin A1c using glycated albumin in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with end-stage renal disease.

    Akihiko Nakamura, Ryo Kodera, Noriko Sakamoto, Haruyo Ujike, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    Diabetology international   9 ( 3 )   179 - 188   2018年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Aim: We developed a novel estimation method for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This method is based on the glycated albumin (GA) level. Methods: Of the 788 Japanese patients with T2D included in this study, 545 had normal renal function (NRF group) and 243 had ESRD. Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) were performed in 80 subjects. The variables GA, body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin (Hb), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were significantly associated with the GA-to-HbA1c ratio and were used to determine the estimated HbA1c (eHbA1c). One method of estimating HbA1c involved dividing GA by the GA-to-HbA1c ratio predicted from the estimated regression equation; the estimated HbA1c obtained in this manner was denoted eHbA1c-1. Results: eHbA1c-1 (%) = GA × [4.688 - 18.833 × GA-1 - 0.015 × BMI - 0.037 × Hb (- 0.002 × eGFR for patients without ESRD)]-1; adjusted R 2 = 0.676 for actual HbA1c. The sensitivity of eHbA1c-1 was better than that of GA for diabetes diagnosis using the 75-g OGTT. There were no differences in the slope of eHbA1c-1 versus GA and the variance of eHbA1c-1 between the ESRD and NRF groups. eHbA1c-1 was not associated with Hb, erythropoiesis-stimulating agent use, or ESRD concomitance. Conclusions: eHbA1c-1 may be a useful parameter for estimating HbA1c in T2D patients with ESRD.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13340-018-0342-6

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  • Endogenous Antiangiogenic Factors in Chronic Kidney Disease: Potential Biomarkers of Progression. 査読 国際誌

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   19 ( 7 )   1859   2018年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major global health problem. Unless intensive intervention is initiated, some patients can rapidly progress to end-stage kidney disease. However, it is often difficult to predict renal outcomes using conventional laboratory tests in individuals with CKD. Therefore, many researchers have been searching for novel biomarkers to predict the progression of CKD. Angiogenesis is involved in physiological and pathological processes in the kidney and is regulated by the balance between a proangiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and various endogenous antiangiogenic factors. In recent reports using genetically engineered mice, the roles of these antiangiogenic factors in the pathogenesis of kidney disease have become increasingly clear. In addition, recent clinical studies have demonstrated associations between circulating levels of antiangiogenic factors and renal dysfunction in CKD patients. In this review, we summarize recent advances in the study of representative endogenous antiangiogenic factors, including soluble fms-related tyrosine kinase 1, soluble endoglin, pigment epithelium-derived factor, VEGF-A165b, endostatin, and vasohibin-1, in associations with kidney diseases and discuss their predictive potentials as biomarkers of progression of CKD.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms19071859

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  • Rationale and study design of a clinical trial to assess the effects of LDL apheresis on proteinuria in diabetic patients with severe proteinuria and dyslipidemia 査読

    Takashi Wada, Eri Muso, Shoichi Maruyama, Akinori Hara, Kengo Furuichi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Mariko Miyazaki, Eiichi Sato, Masanori Abe, Yugo Shibagaki, Ichiei Narita, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Noriko Mori, Yukio Yuzawa, Takeshi Matsubara, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Jun Wada, Takafumi Ito, Kosuke Masutani, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Shoichi Fujimoto, Akihiro Tsuda, Hitoshi Suzuki, Kenji Kasuno, Yoshio Terada, Takeshi Nakata, Noriaki Iino, Shuzo Kobayashi

    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology   22 ( 3 )   591 - 596   2018年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Tokyo  

    Background: Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of end-stage kidney disease in the world. Although various types of treatment for diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia have improved prognosis and quality of life in patients with diabetic nephropathy, there still exist some diabetic patients with severe proteinuria showing poor prognosis. This clinical trial, LICENSE, aims to confirm the impact of LDL apheresis on proteinuria exhibiting hyporesponsiveness to treatment. Methods: This ongoing trial is a multicenter, prospective study of diabetic patients with severe proteinuria. The objective is to examine the impact of LDL apheresis on proteinuria in patients with diabetic nephropathy. The other subject is to investigate safety of LDL apheresis in these patients. Results: The subjects consist of diabetic patients with serum creatinine (Cr) levels below 2 mg/dL who present severe proteinuria above 3 g/g Cr or 3 g/day and LDL cholesterol above 120 mg/dL. The target number of registered patients will be 35 patients. Urinary protein excretion and renal function will be observed for 24 weeks after the treatment of LDL apheresis. Conclusion: This study will determine the effectiveness and safety of LDL apheresis for diabetic nephropathy patients with severe proteinuria and dyslipidemia.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-017-1488-4

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • IgA Nephropathy Complicated with X-linked Thrombocytopenia. 査読

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Masashi Kitagawa, Yuka Arata, Ayako Kato, Akiko Inoue-Torii, Norikazu Hinamoto, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   72 ( 3 )   301 - 307   2018年6月

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    記述言語:英語  

    Renal involvement is occasionally observed in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT). It has been reported that galactose-deficient IgA is a closely linked to IgA nephropathy (IgAN), suggesting that patients with XLT/WAS associated with reduced galactosylation on serum IgA are susceptible to IgAN. It is necessary to pay more attention to patients with IgAN due to the potential complication with XLT/WAS. We here present a patient of XLT complicated with mild IgAN who underwent tonsillectomy combined with steroid pulse therapy to achieve complete clinical remission.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/56077

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  • Estrogen-related receptor α is essential for maintaining mitochondrial integrity in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury 査読 国際誌

    Tsushida K, Tanabe K, Masuda K, Tanimura S, Miyake H, Arata Y, Sugiyama H, Wada J

    Biochem Biophys Res Commun   498 ( 4 )   918 - 924   2018年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.03.080

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  • Incretins modulate progesterone biosynthesis by regulating bone morphogenetic protein activity in rat granulosa cells 査読

    Yuki Nishiyama, Toru Hasegawa, Shiho Fujita, Nahoko Iwata, Satoko Nagao, Takeshi Hosoya, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology   178   82 - 88   2018年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier Ltd  

    The effects of incretins on ovarian steroidogenesis have not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the effects of incretins, including GIP and GLP-1, on ovarian steroidogenesis using rat primary granulosa cells. Treatment with incretins significantly suppressed progesterone synthesis in the presence of FSH, and the effect of GIP was more potent than that of GLP-1. In contrast, incretins had no significant effect on estrogen synthesis by rat granulosa cells. In accordance with the effects of incretins on steroidogenesis, GIP and GLP-1 suppressed the expression of progesterogenic factors and enzymes, including StAR, P450scc, 3βHSD, but not P450arom, and cellular cAMP synthesis induced by FSH. In addition, incretins moderately increased FSHR mRNA expression in granulosa cells. Of note, treatment with GIP, but not treatment with GLP-1, augmented Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and transcription of the BMP target gene Id-1 induced by BMP-6 stimulation, suggesting that GIP upregulates BMP receptor signaling that can inhibit FSH-induced progesterone synthesis in rat granulosa cells. On the other hand, BMP-6 treatment suppressed the expression of GIP receptor but not that of GLP-1 receptor. Expression of the BMP type-I receptor ALK-3 was upregulated by treatment with GIP and GLP-1 and that of ALK-6 was also increased by GIP, while inhibitory Smad6 expression was impaired by GIP and GLP-1 in rat granulosa cells. Collectively, the results indicate that incretins, particularly GIP, impair FSH-induced progesterone production, at least in part, by upregulating BMP signaling in rat granulosa cells. The modulatory effects of incretins on endogenous BMP activity may be applicable to treatment of dysregulated steroidogenesis such as polycystic ovary syndrome.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2017.11.004

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Cilostazol Attenuates Angiotensin II-Induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms but Not Atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. 査読 国際誌

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Jun Wada

    Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology   38 ( 4 )   903 - 912   2018年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Lippincott Williams and Wilkins  

    OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta associated with rupture, which frequently results in fatal consequences. AAA tissue is commonly characterized by localized structural deterioration accompanied with inflammation and profound accumulation of leukocytes, although the specific function of these cells is unknown. Cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, is commonly used for patients with peripheral vascular disease or stroke because of its anti-platelet aggregation effect and anti-inflammatory effect, which is vasoprotective effect. In this study, we evaluated the effects of cilostazol on angiotensin II-induced AAA formation. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed either normal diet or a diet containing cilostazol (0.1% wt/wt). After 1 week of diet consumption, mice were infused with angiotensin II (1000 ng/kg per minute) for 4 weeks. Angiotensin II infusion increased maximal diameters of abdominal aortas, whereas cilostazol administration significantly attenuated dilatation of abdominal aortas, thereby, reducing AAA incidence. Cilostazol also reduced macrophage accumulation, matrix metalloproteinases activation, and inflammatory gene expression in the aortic media. In cultured vascular endothelial cells, cilostazol reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines and adhesive molecules through activation of the cAMP-PKA (protein kinase A) pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Cilostazol attenuated angiotensin II-induced AAA formation by its anti-inflammatory effect through phosphodiesterase III inhibition in the aortic wall. Cilostazol may be a promising new therapeutic option for AAAs.

    DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.309707

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  • The Prevalence of Frailty and its Associated Factors in Japanese Hemodialysis Patients. 査読 国際誌

    Hidemi Takeuchi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Yuka Okuyama, Michihiro Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Kentaro Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Jun Wada

    Aging and disease   9 ( 2 )   192 - 207   2018年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The population undergoing dialysis is aging worldwide, particularly in Japan. The clinical condition of frailty is the most problematic expression in the elderly population. Potential pathophysiological factors of frailty present in patients with CKD and are accentuated in patients with ESRD. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and predictors of frailty in Japanese HD patients. This study was a multicenter, cross-sectional and observational investigation conducted at 6 institutions. To evaluate frailty, the modified Fried's frailty phenotype adjusted for Japanese as the self-reported questionnaire was used. Of the 542 patients visiting each institution, 388 were enrolled in this study. In total, 26.0% of participants were categorized as not-frailty, 52.6% as pre-frailty and 21.4% as frailty. The prevalence of frailty increased steadily with age and was more prevalent in females than in males and the subjects with frailty received polypharmacy. A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the factors independently associated with frailty were the following: female gender (odds ratio [OR] = 3.661, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.398-9.588), age (OR = 1.065, 95% CI 1.014-1.119), age ≥ 75 years old (OR = 4.892, 95% CI 1.715-13.955), body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 (OR = 0.110, 95% CI 0.0293-0.416), number of medications being taken (OR = 1.351, 95% CI 1.163-1.570), diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR = 2.765, 95% CI 1.081-7.071) and MNA-SF ≤ 11 (OR = 7.405, 95% CI 2.732-20.072). Frailty was associated with the accumulation of risk factors. The prevalence of frailty in Japanese patients with HD was relatively lower than that previously reported in Western developed countries; however, it was extremely high compared to the general population regardless of age. Our findings suggest that frailty might be associated with an increase in the prevalence of adverse health outcomes in patients with HD.

    DOI: 10.14336/AD.2017.0429

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6508-4338

  • The KCNQ1 gene polymorphism as a shared genetic risk for rheumatoid arthritis and chronic periodontitis in Japanese adults: A pilot case-control study. 査読 国際誌

    Tetsuo Kobayashi, Jun-Ichi Kido, Yuichi Ishihara, Kazuhiro Omori, Satoshi Ito, Takato Matsuura, Takashi Bando, Jun Wada, Akira Murasawa, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Akio Mitani, Shogo Takashiba, Toshihiko Nagata, Hiromasa Yoshie

    Journal of periodontology   89 ( 3 )   315 - 324   2018年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    BACKGROUND: A number of studies have suggested a bidirectional relationship of periodontitis with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the genetic factors that underlie these relationships have not been elucidated. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter case-control study that included 185 patients with RA and chronic periodontitis (CP), 149 patients with T2DM and CP, 251 patients with CP, and 130 systemically and periodontally healthy controls from a cohort of Japanese adults to assess the shared genetic risk factors for RA and CP as well as for T2DM and CP. A total of 17 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with RA, T2DM, and CP were genotyped. RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that the KCNQ1 rs2237892 was significantly associated with comorbidity of RA and CP (P = 0.005) after adjustment for age, sex, and smoking status. The carriers of the T allele among patients with RA and CP showed significantly higher disease activity scores including 28 joints using C-reactive protein values than the non-carriers (P = 0.02), although the age, female percentage, and smoking status were comparable. Other SNPs were not associated with comorbidity of RA and CP, T2DM and CP, or susceptibility to CP. CONCLUSION: The results of the present pilot study suggest for the first time that the KCNQ1 rs2237892 may constitute a shared genetic risk factor for RA and CP, but not for T2DM and CP in Japanese adults.

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  • High calcium enhances the expression of double-stranded RNA sensors and antiviral activity in epidermal keratinocytes 査読

    Yuriko Yamamura, Shin Morizane, Takenobu Yamamoto, Jun Wada, Keiji Iwatsuki

    Experimental Dermatology   27 ( 2 )   129 - 134   2018年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

    Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) sensors including TLR3, MDA5 and RIG-I are expressed in epidermal keratinocytes and play an important immunological role by enhancing various innate and adaptive immune responses. Although the role of elevated extracellular calcium concentration in keratinocyte differentiation is well understood, the effect of high calcium on dsRNA sensors is not well studied. We investigated alterations in dsRNA sensor expression and antiviral activity induced by a high extracellular concentration of calcium in epidermal keratinocytes. Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) were stimulated with high calcium and/or synthetic dsRNA, poly (I:C). TLR3, IFIH1 (MDA5) and DDX58 (RIG-I) expression were measured via qPCR, and IFN-β and human beta-defensin 2 (HBD2) levels were measured using ELISA. TLR3 localization was evaluated with immunocytofluorescence. Antiviral activity was quantified with virus plaque assays using herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). High calcium significantly upregulated mRNA expression of TLR3, IFIH1 and DDX58 in NHEKs. In addition, high calcium significantly enhanced poly (I:C)-induced anti-HSV-1 activity in NHEKs. The antiviral molecule HBD2 but not IFN-β induction by poly (I:C) was enhanced by high calcium. Our findings indicate that high levels of extracellular calcium enhance the expression of dsRNA sensors and augment antiviral activity in epidermal keratinocytes.

    DOI: 10.1111/exd.13456

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Anti-SS-A/Ro antibody positivity as a risk factor for relapse in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis. 査読 国際誌

    Noriko Tatebe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Modern rheumatology   28 ( 1 )   141 - 146   2018年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to elucidate predictors of relapse in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS: Fifty PM/DM patients who achieved disease stabilization at Okayama University Hospital in 2004-2014 were enrolled retrospectively. Candidate predictors such as demographic factors, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and treatment status were compared. RESULTS: The mean age of enrolled patients was 58 years; 34 were female. The patient groupings were as follows: 21 with PM, 27 with DM, and two with clinically amyopathic DM. During a mean observation period of 685 d, 5 patients (10%) died and 20 (40%) relapsed. The relapsed patients displayed baseline muscle weakness less frequently (85% versus 100%, p = .03) and anti-SS-A/Ro antibody more frequently (65% versus 27%, p = .007). Anti-SS-A/Ro-positive patients exhibited a higher relapse rate than anti-SS-A/Ro-negative patients (log-rank test, p = .03). Anti-SS-A/Ro-positive patients also exhibited higher anti-Jo-1 antibody positivity and lower levels of serum complement. After adjusting anti-Jo-1 antibody positivity, age, sex, CK <500 IU/L, and lung involvement, anti-SS-A/Ro positivity was still an independent risk factor for higher relapse-rate (odds ratio, 5.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-25.1). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-SS-A/Ro antibody positivity may be a useful biomarker for prediction of relapse.

    DOI: 10.1080/14397595.2017.1317377

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  • Impact of nocturnal blood pressure variability on renal arterioles 査読 国際誌

    Uchida H. A, Kitagawa M, Wada J

    Hypertens Res   41 ( 1 )   6 - 7   2018年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1038/hr.2017.88

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  • Serum cystatin C is an independent biomarker associated with the renal resistive index in patients with chronic kidney disease. 査読 国際誌

    Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Keiko Tanaka, Akifumi Onishi, Toshio Yamanari, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Kazufumi Nakamura, Hiroshi Ito, Jun Wada

    PloS one   13 ( 3 )   e0193695   2018年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Public Library of Science  

    Cystatin C is a cysteine protease inhibitor that is produced by nearly all human cells. The serum level of cystatin C is a stronger predictor of the renal outcome and the risk of cardiovascular events than the creatinine level. The resistive index (RI) on renal Doppler ultrasonography is a good indicator of vascular resistance as well as the renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is unclear whether serum cystatin C is associated with signs of vascular dysfunction, such as the renal RI. We measured the serum cystatin C levels in 101 CKD patients and investigated the relationships between cystatin C and markers of vascular dysfunction, including the renal RI, ankle-brachial pulse wave velocity (baPWV), intima-media thickness (IMT), and cardiac function. The renal RI was significantly correlated with the serum cystatin C level (p < 0.0001, r = 0.6920). The serum cystatin C level was found to be a significant determinant of the renal RI (p < 0.0001), but not the baPWV, in a multivariate regression analysis. The multivariate odds ratio of the serum cystatin C level for a renal RI of more than 0.66 was statistically significant (2.92, p = 0.0106). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve comparing the sensitivity and specificity of cystatin C for predicting an RI of more than 0.66 was 0.882 (cutoff value: 2.04 mg/L). In conclusion, the serum cystatin C level is an independent biomarker associated with the renal RI in patients with CKD.

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  • Urine Trefoil Factors as Prognostic Biomarkers in Chronic Kidney Disease. 査読 国際誌

    Toshio Yamanari, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Keiko Tanaka, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Yasukazu Ohmoto, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    BioMed research international   2018   3024698 - 3024698   2018年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Introduction: Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides are increased in serum and urine in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, whether the levels of TFF predict the progression of CKD remains to be elucidated. Methods: We determined the TFF levels using peptide-specific ELISA in spot urine samples and performed a prospective cohort study. The association between the levels of urine TFFs and other urine biomarkers as well as the renal prognosis was analyzed in 216 CKD patients (mean age: 53.7 years, 47.7% female, 56.9% with chronic glomerulonephritis, and mean eGFR: 58.5 ml/min/1.73 m2). Results: The urine TFF1 and TFF3 levels significantly increased with the progression of CKD stages, but not the urine TFF2 levels. The TFF1 and TFF3 peptide levels predicted the progression of CKD ≥ stage 3b by ROC analysis (AUC 0.750 and 0.879, resp.); however, TFF3 alone predicted CKD progression in a multivariate logistic regression analysis (odds ratio 3.854, 95% confidence interval 1.316-11.55). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated that patients with a higher TFF1 and TFF3 alone, or in combination with macroalbuminuria, had a significantly worse renal prognosis. Conclusion: The data suggested that urine TFF peptides are associated with renal progression and the outcomes in patients with CKD.

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  • Deletion of pro-angiogenic factor vasohibin-2 ameliorates glomerular alterations in a mouse diabetic nephropathy model. 査読 国際誌

    Kana Masuda, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Haruyo Ujike, Norikazu Hinamoto, Hiromasa Miyake, Satoshi Tanimura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Yohei Maeshima, Jun Wada

    PloS one   13 ( 4 )   e0195779   2018年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Angiogenesis has been implicated in glomerular alterations in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy. We previously reported the renoprotective effects of vasohibin-1 (VASH1), which is a novel angiogenesis inhibitor derived from endothelial cells, on diabetic nephropathy progression. Vasohibin-2 (VASH2) was originally identified as a VASH1 homolog and possesses pro-angiogenic activity in contrast to VASH1. In addition, VASH2 was recently shown to promote epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition via enhanced transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling in cancer cells. Herein, we investigated the pathogenic roles of VASH2 in diabetic nephropathy using VAHS2-deficient mice. The type 1 diabetes model was induced by intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin in VASH2 homozygous knockout (VASH2LacZ/LacZ) or wild-type mice. These mice were euthanized 16 weeks after inducing hyperglycemia. Increased urine albumin excretion and creatinine clearance observed in diabetic wild-type mice were significantly prevented in diabetic VASH2-deficient mice. Accordingly, diabetes-induced increase in glomerular volume and reduction in glomerular slit-diaphragm density were significantly improved in VASH2 knockout mice. Increased glomerular endothelial area was also suppressed in VASH2-deficient mice, in association with inhibition of enhanced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor 2 (VEGFR2), but not VEGF level. Furthermore, glomerular accumulation of mesangial matrix, including type IV collagen, and increased expression of TGF-β were improved in diabetic VASH2 knockout mice compared with diabetic wild-type mice. Based on the immunofluorescence findings, endogenous VASH2 localization in glomeruli was consistent with mesangial cells. Human mesangial cells (HMCs) were cultured under high glucose condition in in vitro experiments. Transfection of VASH2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) into the HMCs resulted in the suppression of type IV collagen production induced by high glucose compared with control siRNA. These results indicate that VASH2 may be involved in diabetes-induced glomerular alterations, particularly impaired filtration barrier and mesangial expansion. Therefore, VASH2 is likely to represent a promising therapeutic target for diabetic nephropathy.

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  • Olmesartan ameliorates hepatic insufficiency and serum TGF-β1 level in hypertensive patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Nozomu Otaka, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuka Okuyama, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Fumio Kondo, Kazushi Harada, Hisanao Norii, Yuko Okazaki, Taro Sugimoto, Hiroo Hashimoto, Jun Wada

    Therapeutic Research   39 ( 2 )   159 - 166   2018年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    © 2018 Excerpta Medica Inc. All rights reserved. Background : Because of westernization of lifestyle in recent years, the number of patients with lifestyle diseases, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus, are increasing steadily. Recently, it has been noted that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) alone can cause liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. Angiotensin type II receptor blocker (ARB) is widely used in clinical practice as an antihypertensive agent. In addition to the antihypertensive effect by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system, ARB has been demonstrated to protect the multiple organs damage, including brain, heart and kidney. In recent years, many reports suggest that the renin-angiotensin system is involved in the development of liver fïbrosis. Objectives : We examined the protective effect of olmesartan on hepatic insufficiency and hepatic fibrosis marker in hypertensive patients with NAFLD. Methods : Olmesartan was administered to eleven hypertensive patients with NAFLD for 12 weeks. Results : Both office systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure decreased from 141±3/82±2 mmHg to 130±7/76±4 mmHg (p = 0.035). AST decreased significantly from 48.8±4.5 IU/L to 42.2±4.6 IU/L (p=0.011), AST from 7l.7±7.8 IU/L to 59.8±8.5IU/L (p = 0.046), y-GTP from 102.3±21.6 IU/L to 90±20.3 IU/L (p = 0.049). Finally, regarding TGF β1, a significant change was observed from 14898±3101 pg/mL to 10738±2405pg/mL (p = 0.017). Conclusions: Olmesartan ameliorates hepatic insufficiency in hypertensive patients with NAFLD. Olmesartan may not only have a class effect of ARB but also have a drug effect, especially on NAFLD.

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  • Correction: Downregulation of miR-200a-3p, Targeting CtBP2 Complex, Is Involved in the Hypoproduction of IL-2 in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus−Derived T Cells (Journal of Immunology (2017) 198 (4268-4276) DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1601705)

    Katsuyama, E., Yan, M., Watanabe, K.S., Narazaki, M., Matsushima, S., Yamamura, Y., Hiramatsu, S., Ohashi, K., Watanabe, H., Katsuyama, T., Zeggar, S., Yoshida, N., Moulton, V.R., Tsokos, G.C., Sada, K.-E., Wada, J.

    Journal of Immunology   201 ( 3 )   1104 - 1104   2018年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1800810

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  • Cardiovocal syndrome (Ortner syndrome) associated with secondary pulmonary arterial hypertension in a patient with mixed connective tissue disease

    Hirata, M., Sunahori-Watanabe, K., Isihara, M., Shibuto, N., Hiramatsu, S., Miyawaki, Y., Morishita, M., Ohashi, K., Katsuyama, E., Watanabe, H., Kawabata, T., Sada, K.-E., Wada, J.

    Modern Rheumatology Case Reports   2 ( 1 )   2018年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1080/24725625.2017.1368436

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  • Reply

    Wada, J., Zeggar, S.

    Arthritis and Rheumatology   70 ( 9 )   2018年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40563

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  • Secretomes from mesenchymal stem cells against acute kidney injury: Possible heterogeneity

    Tsuji, K., Kitamura, S., Wada, J.

    Stem Cells International   2018   2018年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1155/2018/8693137

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  • The effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on glycemic control, oxidative stress balance and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized clinical trial 査読

    Hirofumi Mizuno, Daisuke Ekuni, Takayuki Maruyama, Kota Kataoka, Toshiki Yoneda, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Jun Wada, Manabu Morita

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 11 )   e0188171   2017年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Aim
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels, oxidative stress balance and quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to no periodontal treatment (simple oral hygiene instructions only).
    Methods
    The design was a 6-month, single-masked, single center, randomized clinical trial. Patients had both T2DM and chronic periodontitis. Forty participants were enrolled between April 2014 and March 2016 at the Nephrology, Diabetology and Endocrinology Department of Okayama University Hospital. The periodontal treatment group (n = 20) received non-surgical periodontal therapy, including scaling and root planing plus oral hygiene instructions, and consecutive supportive periodontal therapy at 3 and 6 months. The control group (n = 17) received only oral hygiene instructions without treatment during the experimental period. The primary study outcome was the change in HbA1c levels from baseline to 3 months. Secondary outcomes included changes in oxidative stress balance (Oxidative-INDEX), the Diabetes Therapy-Related QOL and clinical periodontal parameters from baseline to 3 months and baseline to 6 months.
    Results
    Changes in HbA1c in the periodontal treatment group were not significantly different with those in the control group at 3 and 6 months. Systemic oxidative stress balance and QOL significantly improved in the periodontal treatment group compared to the control group at 3 months. In the subgroup analysis (moderately poor control of diabetes), the decrease in HbA1c levels in the periodontal treatment group was greater than that in the control group at 3 months but not significant.
    Conclusions
    In T2DM patients, non-surgical periodontal treatment improved systemic oxidative stress balance and QOL, but did not decrease HbA1c levels at 3 months follow-up.

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  • Primary peritoneal carcinosarcoma in a dialysis patient 査読

    Keiko Tanaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Naoko Nishii, Kana Masuda, Yuka Arata, Akifumi Ohnishi, Masaru Kinomura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    NEPHROLOGY   22 ( 11 )   925 - 925   2017年11月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.12973

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  • Immunohistochemistry of Vasohibin-2 in Human Kidney Disease: Implications in Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Reduced Renal Function 査読

    Yuka Arata, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Norikazu Hinamoto, Hiroko Yamasaki, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yohei Maeshima, Naoki Kanomata, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   71 ( 5 )   369 - 380   2017年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Several angiogenesis-related factors are known to play important roles in the pathogenesis of kidney disease. Vasohibin-2 (VASH-2) was recently reported as a novel proangiogenic factor. Although VASH-2 was demonstrated to accelerate tumor angiogenesis, its roles in non-tumor processes including renal disease have not been well elucidated yet. Here, we performed a retrospective study including an immunohistochemical analysis of human kidney biopsy specimens from 82 Japanese patients with a variety of kidney diseases, and we evaluated the correlations between the immunoreactivity of VASH-2 and the patients' clinicopathological parameters. VASH-2 immunoreactivity was detected in varying degrees in renal tubules as well as in peritubular capillaries and vasa recta. The cortical and medullary tubule VASH-2(+) scores were correlated with the presence of hypertension, and the medullary tubule VASH-2(+) score was significantly correlated with the blood glucose (p=0.029, r=0.35) and hemoglobin A1c levels (p=0.0066, r=0.39). Moreover, decreased VASH-2(+) scores in the vasa recta were associated with reduced renal function (p=0.0003). These results suggest that VASH-2 could play an important role in the pathogenesis of renal diseases, and that VASH-2 is closely associated with hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/55434

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  • Alternative to Rituximab Therapy for a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis Who Was Unable to Continue Anti-TNF Therapy 査読

    Eri Katsuyama, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Ken-ei Sada, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Sonia Zeggar, Mariko Narazaki, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue S. Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   71 ( 5 )   445 - 448   2017年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    We herein present a case of a 38-year-old man who had bamboo spine and severe sacroiliitis and who was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Infliximab (IFX) markedly improved the axial symptom but was discontinued due to the side effect of peripheral neuropathy. Switching from IFX to etanercept worsened the side effect. Rituximab (RTX) administration elicited a good response without side effects. RTX might be a suitable option for AS therapy when TNF inhibitors are difficult to use.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/55444

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  • Anti-high Mobility Group Box 1 Antibody Ameliorates Albuminuria in MRL/lpr Lupus-Prone Mice 査読

    Haruki Watanabe, Katsue S. Watanabe, Keyue Liu, Sumie Hiramatsu, Sonia Zeggar, Eri Katsuyama, Noriko Tatebe, Akiya Akahoshi, Fumiaki Takenaka, Takahisa Hanada, Masaru Akehi, Takanori Sasaki, Ken-ei Sada, Eiji Matsuura, Masahiro Nishibori, Jun Wada

    MOLECULAR THERAPY-METHODS & CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT   6   31 - 39   2017年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:CELL PRESS  

    We evaluated the efficacy of a neutralizing anti-high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) monoclonal antibody in MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice. The anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody (5 mg/kg weight) or class-matched control immunoglobulin G2a (IgG2a) was administered intravenously twice a week for 4-15 weeks. Urine albumin was monitored, and histological evaluation of the kidneys was conducted at 16 weeks. Lymphadenopathies were evaluated by 1-(2'-deoxy-2'-[F-18]fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) cytosine ([F-18] FAC) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) at 12 weeks. Following 4-week treatment, [F-18]FAC-PET/CT showed similar accumulation in cervical and axillary lymph nodes at 12 weeks of age. However, anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody sufficiently inhibited the increase in albuminuria compared to an isotype control following 15-week treatment. Complement deposition was also improved; however, there were no significant differences in IgG deposition and renal pathological scores between the two groups. Anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody titers and cytokine and chemokine levels were also unaltered. Although there were no significant differences in glomerular macrophage infiltration, neutrophil infiltration was significantly decreased by the anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody. Antagonizing HMGB1 treatment suppressed HMGB1 translocation from nuclei in the kidney and suppressed neutrophil extracellular traps. The anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody demonstrated therapeutic potential against albuminuria in lupus nephritis by inhibiting neutrophil recruitment and neutrophil extracellular traps.

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  • Reprogramming of metabolism in immune-mediated cells 査読

    Jun Wada

    Diabetology International   8 ( 3 )   244 - 247   2017年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Tokyo  

    DOI: 10.1007/s13340-017-0321-3

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  • Regulatory role of melatonin and BMP-4 in prolactin production by rat pituitary lactotrope GH3 cells 査読

    Kanako Ogura-Ochi, Satoshi Fujisawa, Nahoko Iwata, Motoshi Komatsubara, Yuki Nishiyama, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    PEPTIDES   94   19 - 24   2017年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    The effects of melatonin on prolactin production and its regulatory mechanism remain uncertain. We investigated the regulatory role of melatonin in prolactin production using rat pituitary lactotrope GH3 cells by focusing on the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system. Melatonin receptor activation, induced by melatonin and its receptor agonist ramelteon, significantly suppressed basal and forskolin-induced prolactin secretion and prolactin mRNA expression in GH3 cells. The melatonin MT2 receptor was predominantly expressed in GH3 cells, and the inhibitory effects of melatonin on prolactin production were reversed by treatment with the receptor antagonist luzindole, suggesting functional involvement of MT2 action in the suppression of prolactin release. Melatonin receptor activation also suppressed BMP-4-induced prolactin expression by inhibiting phosphorylation of Smad and transcription of the BMP-target gene Id-1, while BMP-4 treatment upregulated MT2 expression. Melatonin receptor activation suppressed basal, BMP-4-induced and forskolin-induced cAMP synthesis; however, BtcAMP-induced prolactin mRNA expression was not affected by melatonin or ramelteon, suggesting that MT2 activation leads to inhibition of prolactin production through the suppression of Smad signaling and cAMP synthesis. Experiments using intracellular signal inhibitors revealed that the ERK pathway is, at least in part, involved in prolactin induction by GH3 cells. Thus, a new regulatory role of melatonin involving BMP-4 in prolactin secretion was uncovered in lactotrope GH3 cells.

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  • Paratubular basement membrane insudative lesions predict renal prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes and biopsy-proven diabetic nephropathy 査読

    Koki Mise, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Junichi Hoshino, Toshiharu Ueno, Akinari Sekine, Keiichi Sumida, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Takeshi Fujii, Shigeko Hara, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada, Kenichi Ohashi, Kenmei Takaichi, Yoshifumi Ubara

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 8 )   e0183190   2017年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Aims
    Glomerular insudative lesions are a pathological hallmark of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, paratubular basement membrane insudative lesions (PTBMIL) have not attracted much attention, and the association between such lesions and the renal prognosis remains unclear.
    Methods
    Among 142 patients with biopsy-proven DN and type 2 diabetes encountered from 1998 to 2011, 136 patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were classified into 3 groups (Group 1: mild, Group 2: moderate, Group 3: severe) according to the extent of cortical and medullary PTBMIL. The endpoint was a decline of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by &gt;= 40% from baseline or commencement of dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The Cox proportional hazard model was employed to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) for the death-censored endpoint.
    Results
    During a median follow-up period of 1.8 years (IQR: 0.9-3.5), the endpoint occurred in 104 patients. Baseline mean eGFR was 43.9 +/- 22.8 ml/min/1.73 m(2), and 125 patients (92%) had overt proteinuria. After adjusting for known indicators of DN progression, the HR for the endpoint was 2.32 (95% CI: 1.20-4.51) in PTBMIL Group 2 and 3.12 (1.48-6.58) in PTBMIL Group 3 versus PTBMIL Group 1. Furthermore, adding the PTBMIL Group to a multivariate model including known promoters of DN progression improved prediction of the endpoint (cindex increased by 0.02 [95% CI: 0.00-0.04]).
    Conclusions
    PTBMIL may be useful for predicting the renal prognosis of patients with biopsy-proven DN, but further investigation of these lesions in various stages of DN is needed.

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  • Downregulation of miR-200a-3p, Targeting CtBP2 Complex, Is Involved in the Hypoproduction of IL-2 in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus-Derived T Cells 査読

    Eri Katsuyama, Minglu Yan, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Syun Matsushima, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Sonia Zeggar, Nobuya Yoshida, Vaishali R. Moulton, George C. Tsokos, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY   198 ( 11 )   4268 - 4276   2017年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER ASSOC IMMUNOLOGISTS  

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) damages multiple organs by producing various autoantibodies. In this study, we report that decreased microRNA (miR)-200a-3p causes IL-2 hypoproduction through zinc finger E-box binding homeobox (ZEB) 1 and C-terminal binding protein 2 (CtBP2) in a lupus-prone mouse. First, we performed RNA sequencing to identify candidate microRNAs and mRNAs involved in the pathogenesis of SLE. We found that miR-200a-3p was significantly downregulated, whereas its putative targets, ZEB2 and CtBP2, were upregulated in CD4(+) T cells from MRL/lpr-Tnfrsf6 (lpr) mice compared with C57BL/6J mice. ZEB1 and ZEB2 comprise the ZEB family and suppress various genes, including IL-2 by recruiting CtBP2. IL-2 plays a critical role in immune tolerance, and insufficient IL-2 production upon stimulation has been recognized in SLE pathogenesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that decreased miR-200a-3p causes IL-2 deficit through the ZEB1-CtBP2 and/or ZEB2-CtBP2 complex in SLE CD4(+) T cells. Overexpression of miR-200a-3p induced IL-2 production by downregulating ZEB1, ZEB2, and CtBP2 in EL4 cell lines. We further revealed that miR-200a-3p promotes IL-2 expression by reducing the binding of suppressive ZEB1-CtBP2 and ZEB2-CtBP2 complexes on negative regulatory element A in the IL-2 promoter in EL4 cells. Interestingly, the ZEB1-CtBP2 complex on negative regulatory element Awas significantly upregulated after PMA/ionomycin stimulation in lupus CD4(+) T cells. Our studies have revealed a new epigenetic pathway in the control of IL-2 production in SLE whereby low levels of miR-200a-3p accumulate the binding of the ZEB1-CtBP2 complex to the IL-2 promoter and suppress IL-2 production.

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  • Nodular lesions in diabetic nephropathy: Collagen staining and renal prognosis 査読

    Koki Mise, Toshiharu Ueno, Junichi Hoshino, Ryo Hazue, Keiichi Sumida, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Takeshi Fujii, Shigeko Hara, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino, Kenmei Takaichi, Kenichi Ohashi, Yoshifumi Ubara

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   127   187 - 197   2017年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Aims: Nodular lesions are one of the most characteristic pathological changes of advanced diabetic nephropathy (DN). Previous studies have demonstrated that the pattern of both routine and collagen staining of nodular lesions changes during their development. However, the association between such changes of staining and the renal prognosis remains unclear.
    Methods: Among 252 patients with biopsy-proven DN, 67 met the selection criteria and were enrolled to investigate this relationship. In all patients, nodular lesions were stained with periodic acid Schiff, periodic acid methenamine silver, and Masson trichrome stains, and immunostaining was done for type I, III, IV, V, and VI collagen. The endpoint was commencement of dialysis due to end-stage renal disease.
    Results: At least one mesangiolytic nodular lesion (MNL) that showed faint staining for PAS and PAM was found in 61% of the patients. MNLs were negative for type IV collagen staining, unlike the strong positivity of non-MNLs, while type V and VI collagen staining were strongly positive in all nodular lesions. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that the hazard ratio (HR) for the endpoint was significantly higher in patients with at least one MNL than in patients with no MNLs after adjustment for known promoters of renal progression (HR: 2.94; 95% confidence interval: 1.24-7.07).
    Conclusions: MNLs may reflect characteristic differences of collagen production and could be a useful prognostic indicator in patients with nodular lesions. Further investigation of the mechanism underlying these differences of collagen production could contribute to finding new therapeutic targets for DN. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.03.006

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  • A retrospective observational study of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus with IgA nephropathy treated with tonsillectomy plus methylprednisolone pulse therapy 査読

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Noriko Toyota-Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Masaru Kinomura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 5 )   e0178018   2017年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Aims
    To evaluate the incidence of GC-DM among patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and to confirm the risk factors for the development of GC-DM.
    Methods
    The medical records of patients with IgAN newly treated with the protocol of tonsillectomy combined with steroid pulse therapy were reviewed. The primary outcome was the development of GC-DM within the hospitalization period and during one year of follow-up.
    Results
    During hospitalization, 19 of the 95 patients developed GC-DM (20.0%), and the patients with GC-DM were significantly older and had a higher rate of family history of diabetes and higher HbA1c levels. The prevalence of hypertension was higher and the eGFR was numerically lower in patients with GC-DM than in those without. Older age (&gt;= 45 years) and a family history of diabetes emerged as independent risk factors for the development of GC-DM (odds ratio [OR], 6.3 and 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6-27.6; OR, 4.4 and 95% CI, 1.216.6, respectively). No patients were newly diagnosed with GC-DM during 1-year observation period at out-patient clinic.
    Conclusions
    Among the patients with IgAN, 20% developed GC-DM during the hospitalization period, confirming the family history of diabetes is clinically necessary before starting GC therapy.

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  • Practical efficacy of olmesartan versus azilsartan in patients with hypertension: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial (MUSCAT-4 study) 査読

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Jun Wada

    BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING   22 ( 2 )   59 - 67   2017年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Background Olmesartan and azilsartan, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), are expected to decrease blood pressure more than the other ARBs. We conducted randomized-controlled trials to compare the practical efficacy of olmesartan with azilsartan.
    Methods Eighty-four patients treated with the conventional ARBs for more than 3 months were assigned randomly to receive either 20 mg of olmesartan (olmesartan medoxomil, OL group) or 20 mg of azilsartan (azilsartan, not azilsartan medoxomil, AZ group) once daily for 16 weeks. The practical efficacy on blood pressure was compared between the OL and AZ groups.
    Results Office blood pressure of both groups decreased significantly (OL group: 152/86-141/79 mmHg, P&lt;0.05, AZ group: 149/83-135/75 mmHg; P&lt;0.05). Diastolic home blood pressure in the AZ group decreased significantly (79 +/- 9-74 +/- 7 mmHg; P&lt;0.05), but not in the OL group (79 +/- 11-75 +/- 10 mmHg; P = 0.068). However, there were no significant differences between the groups. The dosage of olmesartan and azilsartan increased significantly and slightly for 16 weeks (OL group: 20.3-23.1 mg; P&lt;0.05, AZ group: 20.5-23.2 mg; P&lt;0.05), without a significant difference between groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in renal function, lipid profiles, brain natriuretic peptide, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1, and urinary L-type fatty acid-binding protein between the two groups.
    Conclusion Both olmesartan and azilsartan equally reduced blood pressures. Both olmesartan and azilsartan showed a renoprotective effect and were well tolerated without any major adverse events. Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1097/MBP.0000000000000229

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  • Melatonin regulates catecholamine biosynthesis by modulating bone morphogenetic protein and glucocorticoid actions 査読

    Motoshi Komatsubara, Takayuki Hara, Takeshi Hosoya, Kishio Toma, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Nahoko Iwata, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY   165 ( Pt B )   182 - 189   2017年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

    Melatonin is functionally involved in the control of circadian rhythm and hormonal secretion. In the present study, we investigated the roles of melatonin in the interaction of catecholamine synthesis with adrenocortical steroids by focusing on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4 expressed in the adrenal medulla using rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Melatonin treatment significantly reduced the mRNA expression of catecholamine synthases, including the rate-limiting enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase (Th), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase expressed in PC12 cells. In accordance with changes in the expression levels of enzymes, dopamine production and CAMP synthesis determined in the culture medium and cell lysate were also suppressed by melatonin. The MT1 receptor, but not the MT2 receptor, was expressed in PC12 cells, and luzindole treatment reversed the inhibitory effect of melatonin on Th expression, suggesting that MT1 is a functional receptor for the control of catecholamine synthesis. Interestingly, melatonin enhanced the inhibitory effect of BMP-4 on Th mRNA expression in PC12 cells. Melatonin treatment accelerated BMP-4-induced phosphorylation of SMAD1/5/8 and transcription of the BMP target gene Id1. Of note, melatonin significantly upregulated Alk2 and Bmpr2 mRNA levels but suppressed inhibitory Smac16/7 expression, leading to the enhancement of SMAD1/5/8 signaling in PC12 cells, while BMP-4 did not affect Mt1 expression. Regarding the interaction with adrenocortical steroids, melatonin preferentially enhanced glucocorticoid-induced Th mRNA through upregulation of the glucocorticoid receptor and downregulation of Bmp4 expression, whereas melatonin repressed Th mRNA expression induced by aldosterone or androgen without affecting expression levels of the receptors for mineralocorticoid and androgen. Collectively, the results indicate that melatonin plays a modulatory role in catecholamine synthesis by cooperating with BMP-4 and glucocorticoid in the adrenal medulla. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2016.06.002

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  • Salt and sugar: Bad company 査読

    Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION   8 ( 1 )   32 - 33   2017年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.12553

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  • Serum-inducible protein (IP)-10 is a disease progression-related marker for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease 査読

    Nozomu Wada, Akinobu Takaki, Fusao Ikeda, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Masahiro Onji, Kazuhiro Nouso, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Kazuko Koike, Koji Miyahara, Hidenori Shiraha, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Okada

    HEPATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL   11 ( 1 )   115 - 124   2017年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    The molecular pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is not well defined. The objective of the present study was to identify disease progression-related cytokines and investigate the molecular pathogenesis of such changes in NASH.
    A study population of 20 non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and 59 NASH patients diagnosed by liver biopsy and 15 healthy volunteers was recruited. The serum pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were measured by a multiple enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The hepatic mRNA expressions of cytokines were measured by real-time PCR. A monocyte cell line was stimulated with Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligand under a high glucose and insulin condition, and cellular cytokine mRNA expression was quantified.
    One group of cytokines was higher in NAFL and NASH than in controls, while another group was higher in NASH than in NAFL and controls. The NASH-specific second group included interleukin (IL)-15 and interferon-gamma-inducible protein (IP)-10. In particular, IP-10 was higher in NAFL than in controls and higher in NASH than in NAFL and controls. The sensitivity to diagnose NASH was 90%, with specificity of 50%. Insulin resistance reflecting a high glucose and insulin condition resulted in higher IP-10 mRNA expression in the monocyte cell line only with concomitant TLR-2 stimulation.
    IP-10 is a sensitive marker of the need for liver biopsy. Insulin resistance with bacteria-related TLR-2 stimulation might induce IP-10 production from monocytes. Insulin resistance and intestinal barrier function should be intensively controlled to prevent progression from NAFL to NASH.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12072-016-9773-y

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  • Central Diabetes Insipidus in Refractory Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Vasculitis 査読

    Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Ken-Ei Sada, Takayuki Katsuyama, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 21 )   2943 - 2948   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    We herein describe two cases of refractory antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) complicated with diabetes insipidus (DI) possibly related to hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP). One patient had microscopic polyangiitis and HP, which were refractory to cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, rituximab, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and mizoribine. Remission was finally achieved with the use of etanercept, but DI occurred 5 years later. The other patient had granulomatosis with polyangiitis, which that was refractory to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, MMF, and rituximab. DI subsequently developed, but was successfully treated with etanercept. Dura mater hypertrophy was macroscopically observed in the latter case.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.8683-16

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  • The level of urinary semaphorin3A is associated with disease activity in patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. 査読 国際誌

    Akiko Inoue-Torii, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada, Kenji Tsuji, Hirofumi Makino

    International journal of nephrology and renovascular disease   10   167 - 174   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Semaphorin3A is a secreted protein known to be involved in organogenesis, immune responses and cancer. In the kidney, semaphorin3A is expressed in the glomerular podocytes, distal tubules and collecting tubules, and believed to play a role in the regulation of the kidney development and function. We examined the serum and urinary semaphorin3A levels in 72 patients with renal disease and 5 healthy volunteers. The patients had been diagnosed with thin basement membrane disease (n=4), minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS; n=22), IgA nephritis (n=21), membranous nephropathy (n=16) and focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (n=9). The level of urinary semaphorin3A in MCNS patients tended to be relatively high among all disease groups. We also investigated the urinary semaphorin3A level in 7 patients with MCNS from disease onset to remission during the drug therapy. MCNS patients in pre-remission states had higher urinary semaphorin3A levels than those in post-remission states receiving immunosuppressive therapies. These results suggested that the urinary semaphorin3A level correlates with the MCNS activity. Semaphorin3A has the potential as a biomarker for MCNS to clarify the reactivity for therapy and may be useful in examining other glomerular diseases with proteinuria as well.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S132980

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  • Sustained Tubulointerstitial Inflammation in Kidney with Severe Leptospirosis 査読

    Keiko Tanaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Naoko Nishii, Keiichi Takiue, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 10 )   1179 - 1184   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Leptospirosis is frequently associated with acute kidney injury. Some survivors are known to progress to chronic kidney disease due to sustained tubulointerstitial inflammation. We present a case of severe leptospirosis with acute renal failure. Although antibiotic therapy resolved the infection, moderate renal dysfunction remained. A renal biopsy demonstrated marked inflammatory infiltration in the tubules and interstitium. Many of the inflammatory cells were CD68-positive monocytes/macrophages, predominantly M1 phenotype. An intermediate dose of oral corticosteroids normalized the patient's serum creatinine levels. We suggest that corticosteroid therapy may be a therapeutic option for some patients with sustained tubulointerstitial nephritis who survive severe leptospirosis.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.8084

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  • The Successful Treatment of Refractory Polyarteritis Nodosa Using Infliximab 査読

    Satoko Matsuo, Keigo Hayashi, Eisaku Morimoto, Ayako Kato, Ken-Ei Sada, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 11 )   1435 - 1438   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), characterized by arteritis of medium-sized blood vessels, is usually treated with a combination of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants; however, some cases are refractory to these treatments. We herein report the case of a man with PAN that was refractory to various immunosuppressive treatments, including cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and rituximab. After infliximab (IFX) treatment was initiated, his symptoms improved dramatically and remission was maintained. IFX is considered to be an effective alternative treatment for PAN which proves to be refractory to several immunosuppressive treatments.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.8235

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  • Occurrence of Dermatomyositis Immediately after Mastectomy Subsequent to Severe Chemotherapeutic Drug Eruption 査読

    Yuki Otsuka, Haruki Watanabe, Yuzuki Kano, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-ei Sada, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 24 )   3379 - 3383   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    We herein report a patient with breast cancer who developed dermatomyositis (DM) immediately after mastectomy. She had a history of severe drug eruption during neoadjuvant chemotherapy six months previously. Within a month after the operation, myalgia and rash, including Gottron's papules, developed, and skeletal-muscle enzymes elevated, so she was diagnosed with probable DM according to the Bohan and Peter criteria. In many neoplastic DM cases, the course of the disease parallels the course of the malignancy. Possible mechanisms were suggested to explain the development of DM in the present case and offer new insight into autoimmune diseases.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.9194-17

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  • Prognostic factors of methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders associated with rheumatoid arthritis and plausible application of biological agents 査読

    Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Minglu Yan, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Noriko Toyota-Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Kohei Miyake, Toru Kiguchi, Jun Wada

    MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY   27 ( 5 )   773 - 777   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

    Objectives: To determine prognostic factors of methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) and evaluate the efficacy and safety of biological therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated with MTX-LPD.
    Methods: Thirty RA patients who developed MTX-LPD were investigated in this study. We compared the clinical and laboratory parameters of patients who achieved regression of LPD by MTX withdrawal with those who required chemotherapy and evaluated the clinical course of RA after LPD development.
    Results: Twenty-three patients (76.7%) achieved regression of LPD by MTX withdrawal. Chemotherapyfree patients had a tendency of shorter RA duration (13.1 vs. 22.0 years, p = 0.108) and higher doses of MTX at LPD diagnosis (8.0 vs. 5.3 mg/w, p = 0.067) than patients who required chemotherapy. A significantly higher positive rate of peripheral blood Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA was observed in the chemotherapy-free group (9/9 vs. 0/3, p = 0.0002). Of 15 patients that received biological agents after LPD development, 14 patients (93.3%) demonstrated an improved disease activity of RA and persistent remission of LPD, whereas only one patient experienced relapse of LPD during tocilizumab therapy.
    Conclusions: Peripheral blood EBV-DNA positivity is a potential prognostic marker of better outcome in MTX-LPD. Biological agents could be an option for the treatment of RA patients with MTX-LPD.

    DOI: 10.1080/14397595.2016.1259714

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  • Antiangiogenic Therapy for Diabetic Nephropathy 査読

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yohei Maeshima, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL   2017   5724069   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:HINDAWI LTD  

    Angiogenesis has been shown to be a potential therapeutic target for early stages of diabetic nephropathy in a number of animal experiments. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the main mediator for abnormal angiogenesis in diabetic glomeruli. Although beneficial effects of anti-VEGF antibodies have previously been demonstrated in diabetic animal experiments, recent basic and clinical evidence has revealed that the blockade of VEGF signaling resulted in proteinuria and renal thrombotic microangiopathy, suggesting the importance of maintaining normal levels of VEGF in the kidneys. Therefore, antiangiogenic therapy for diabetic nephropathy should eliminate excessive glomerular angiogenic response without accelerating endothelial injury. Some endogenous antiangiogenic factors such as endostatin and tumstatin inhibit overactivation of endothelial cells but do not specifically block VEGF signaling. In addition, the novel endothelium-derived antiangiogenic factor vasohibin-1 enhances stress tolerance and survival of the endothelial cells, while inhibiting excess angiogenesis. These factors have been demonstrated to suppress albuminuria and glomerular alterations in a diabetic mouse model. Thus, antiangiogenic therapy with promising candidates will possibly improve renal prognosis in patients with early stages of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1155/2017/5724069

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  • Arterial Stiffness is an Independent Risk Factor for Anemia After Percutaneous Native Kidney Biopsy 査読

    Keiko Tanaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Toshio Yamanari, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Koki Mise, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito A. Uchida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH   42 ( 2 )   284 - 293   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KARGER  

    Background/Aims: Bleeding is the most common complication after renal biopsy. Although numerous predictors of bleeding have been reported, it remains unclear whether arterial stiffness affects bleeding complications. Method: We performed an observational study of the renal biopsies performed in our division over an approximately 6-year period (May 2010 to May 2016). The clinical and laboratory factors were analyzed to reveal the risk factors associated with bleeding, with a focus on anemia (defined as a &gt;= 10% decrease in hemoglobin [Hb] after biopsy). The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured to evaluate arterial stiffness. Results: This study included 462 patients (male, n=244; female, n=218). Anemia (defined above) was observed in 54 patients (11.7%). The risk of anemia was higher in women, older patients, and patients with lower serum albumin, lower eGFR and lower diastolic blood pressure after biopsy. We then performed a further analysis of 187 patients whose baPWV data were available. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher baPWV was an independent risk factor for anemia. ROC analysis for predicting anemia found that a baPWV value of 1839 cm/s had the best performance (AUC 0.689). Conclusion: An increased baPWV may be a more valuable predictor of bleeding than any of the other reported risk factors. (C) 2017 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel

    DOI: 10.1159/000477453

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  • Azathioprine Intolerance in Japanese Patients with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Vasculitis 査読

    Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Minglu Yan, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Takano Narazaki, Noriko Toyota Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 13 )   1645 - 1650   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Objective To assess the safety of azathioprine (AZA) in Japanese patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV).
    Methods We retrospectively enrolled 67 consecutive AAV patients who had initiated AZA treatment from January 2006 to August 2014 at Okayama University Hospital. We evaluated the development of severe adverse events (AEs), AZA discontinuation due to total AEs (severe AEs included) within 1 year, and AZA-associated risk factors.
    Results The patients' median age was 70 years old. Forty-nine women and 18 men participated at the initiation of the study. Fifty-eight (87%) patients experienced AEs, and 36 experienced severe AEs (21 hepatic and 11 cytopenic severe AEs). Thirty-one (46%) patients discontinued treatment because of AEs. Abnormal hepatic laboratory test results at the treatment initiation were more frequent in patients with hepatic severe AEs and were associated with treatment discontinuation. The leukocyte and neutrophil counts at the treatment initiation were lower in the patients who discontinued treatment because of cytopenic AEs than in those who continued treatment. Only two patients experienced flare-ups during treatment.
    Conclusion The AE-associated AZA discontinuation rate in Japanese AAV patients was relatively high. AZA use warrants caution in patients with abnormal hepatic laboratory test results or low leukocyte or neutrophil counts.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.8287

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  • Microinflammation and organelle dysfunctions in diabetic nephropathy

    Nakatsuka, A., Wada, J.

    Japanese Journal of Nephrology   59 ( 2 )   2017年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Development of intracerebral hemorrhage in the short-term clinical course of a patient with microscopic polyangiitis without neurological symptoms at diagnosis: an autopsy case. 査読

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Kohei Taniguchi, Yuki Kakio, Jun Wada

    CEN case reports   5 ( 2 )   173 - 178   2016年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A 77-year-old man with high-grade fever, progressive renal dysfunction, high serum level of C-reactive protein and positive serum myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) was diagnosed with microscopic polyangiitis with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and remission induction treatment with glucocorticoids and intravenous cyclophosphamide was initiated. Although his general condition improved in a short time, intracerebral hemorrhage occurred 12 days after the initiation of treatment and emergent hematoma evacuation was performed. However, he passed away on day 14. Surprisingly, even though no clinical findings for any organs except for renal involvement was detected before his death, autopsy revealed necrotizing vasculitis affecting various systemic organs including kidney, pancreas, liver, myocardium in ventricle, adipose tissue of the left adrenal gland, small intestine, gallbladder, bronchus, prostate, testis and spleen. It is difficult to detect widespread vasculitis without clinical symptoms and signs in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis. A whole body assessment tool is necessary to detect unexpected vital organ damage, including cerebral vessels.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13730-016-0219-0

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  • Chronic Kidney Disease Is Positively and Diabetes Mellitus Is Negatively Associated with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm 査読

    Hidemi Takeuchi, Michihiro Okuyama, Haruhito A. Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Ryoko Umebayashi, Yuka Okuyama, Yasuhiro Fujii, Susumu Ozawa, Masashi Yoshida, Yu Oshima, Shunji Sano, Jun Wada

    PLOS ONE   11 ( 10 )   e0164015   2016年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Background and Aims
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are considered as risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship of CKD and DM with the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).
    Methods
    We enrolled 261 patients with AAA (AAA+) and age-and-sex matched 261 patients without AAA (AAA-) at two hospitals between 2008 and 2014, and examined the association between the risk factors and the presence of AAA. Furthermore, in order to investigate the prevalence of AAA in each group, we enrolled 1126 patients with CKD and 400 patients with DM.
    Results
    The presence of CKD in patients with AAA+ was significantly higher than that in patients with AAA-(AAA+; 65%, AAA-; 52%, P = 0.004). The presence of DM in patients with AAA+ was significantly lower than that in patients with AAA-(AAA+; 17%, AAA-; 35%, P &lt; 0.001). A multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that hypertension, ischemic heart disease and CKD were independent determinants, whereas, DM was a negatively independent determinant, for the presence of AAA. The prevalence of AAA in patients with CKD 65 years old and above was 5.1%, whereas, that in patients with DM 65 years old and above was only 0.6%.
    Conclusion
    CKD is a positively associated with the presence of AAA. In contrast, DM is a negatively associated with the presence of AAA in Japanese population.

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • The possible involvement of intestine-derived IgA(1): a case of IgA nephropathy associated with Crohn's disease 査読

    Tomohiro Terasaka, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Keiko Tsukamoto, Keiko Tanaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroaki Tanioka, Jun Wada

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   17 ( 1 )   122   2016年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: A link between IgA nephropathy and Crohn's disease has recently been reported. Other researchers hypothesize that intestine-derived IgA complexes deposit in glomerular mesangial cells, eliciting IgA nephropathy. Intestinal mucosal plasma cells mainly secrete IgA(2). Nevertheless, IgA(1) deposition is strongly implicated as being the primary cause of IgA nephropathy.
    Case presentation: A 46-year-old Japanese man developed IgA nephropathy 29 years ago, following tonsillectomy. As a result, a normal urinalysis was obtained. The patient previously suffered Crohn's disease followed by urinary occult blood and proteinuria six years ago. Exacerbation of IgA nephropathy was highly suspected. Therefore a renal biopsy was performed. A diagnosis of exacerbation of IgA nephropathy with mesangial cell proliferation and fibrotic cellular crescent was based upon the pathological findings. The patient exhibited a positive clinical course and eventually achieved a remission with immunosuppressive therapy including prednisolone treatment. Immunostaining for the detection of IgA subtypes was performed on both of his kidney and excised ileum. The results revealed IgA(1) and IgA(2) deposition by submucosal cells in intestine. Furthermore, IgA(1) deposition of mesangial areas in the patient's kidney, indicated an association of IgA(1) with the exacerbation of IgA nephropathy.
    Conclusion: This case represents the possibility that the intestine-derived IgA(1) can be the origin of galactose-deficient IgA which is known to cause IgA nephropathy exacerbation.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12882-016-0344-1

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • ANGPTL2 activity in cardiac pathologies accelerates heart failure by perturbing cardiac function and energy metabolism 査読

    Zhe Tian, Keishi Miyata, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu, Haruki Horiguchi, Hiroyuki Fukushima, Shugo Tohyama, Yoshihiro Ujihara, Takahiro Okumura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Jiabin Zhao, Motoyoshi Endo, Jun Morinaga, Michio Sato, Taichi Sugizaki, Shunshun Zhu, Kazutoyo Terada, Hisashi Sakaguchi, Yoshihiro Komohara, Motohiro Takeya, Naoki Takeda, Kimi Araki, Ichiro Manabe, Keiichi Fukuda, Kinya Otsu, Jun Wada, Toyoaki Murohara, Satoshi Mohri, Jun K. Yamashita, Motoaki Sano, Yuichi Oike

    NATURE COMMUNICATIONS   7   13016   2016年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    A cardioprotective response that alters ventricular contractility or promotes cardiomyocyte enlargement occurs with increased workload in conditions such as hypertension. When that response is excessive, pathological cardiac remodelling occurs, which can progress to heart failure, a leading cause of death worldwide. Mechanisms underlying this response are not fully understood. Here, we report that expression of angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) increases in pathologically-remodeled hearts of mice and humans, while decreased cardiac ANGPTL2 expression occurs in physiological cardiac remodelling induced by endurance training in mice. Mice overexpressing ANGPTL2 in heart show cardiac dysfunction caused by both inactivation of AKT and sarco(endo) plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) 2a signalling and decreased myocardial energy metabolism. Conversely, Angptl2 knockout mice exhibit increased left ventricular contractility and upregulated AKT-SERCA2a signalling and energy metabolism. Finally, ANGPTL2-knockdown in mice subjected to pressure overload ameliorates cardiac dysfunction. Overall, these studies suggest that therapeutic ANGPTL2 suppression could antagonize development of heart failure.

    DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13016

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Inhibition of SGLT2 alleviates diabetic nephropathy by suppressing high glucose-induced oxidative stress in type 1 diabetic mice 査読

    Takashi Hatanaka, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiromi Tachibana, Jun Eguchi, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    Pharmacology Research and Perspectives   4 ( 4 )   e00239   2016年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

    It is unclear whether the improvement in diabetic nephropathy by sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors is caused by a direct effect on SGLT2 or by the improvement in hyperglycemia. Here, we investigated the effect of dapagliflozin on early-stage diabetic nephropathy using a mouse model of type 1 diabetes and murine proximal tubular epithelial cells. Eight-week-old Akita mice were treated with dapagliflozin or insulin for 12 weeks. Body weight, urinary albumin excretion, blood pressure, as well as levels of blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c were measured. Expansion of the mesangial matrix, interstitial fibrosis, and macrophage infiltration in kidneys were evaluated by histology. Oxidative stress and apoptosis were evaluated in kidneys and cultured proximal tubular epithelial cells. Compared with nontreated mice, dapagliflozin and insulin decreased blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels equally. Urine volume and water intake increased significantly in the dapagliflozin-treated group compared with those in the insulin-treated group, but there were no differences in body weight or blood pressure between the two groups. Macrophage infiltration and fibrosis in renal interstitium improved significantly in the dapagliflozin group compared with the insulin group. Oxidative stress was attenuated by dapagliflozin, and suppression occurred in a dose-dependent manner. RNAi knockdown of SGLT2 resulted in reduced oxidative stress. Dapagliflozin ameliorates diabetic nephropathy by suppressing hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress in a manner independent of hyperglycemia improvement in Akita mice. Our findings suggest that dapagliflozin may be a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1002/prp2.239

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Study about the Efficacy of Metformin to Immune Function in Cancer Patients 査読

    Mototsugu Watanabe, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Shingo Eikawa, Kazuhiko Shien, Tadahiko Shien, Junichi Soh, Katsuyuki Hotta, Jun Wada, Shiro Hinotsu, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Katsuyuki Kiura, Hiroyoshi Doihara, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Heiichiro Udono, Shinichi Toyooka

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   70 ( 4 )   327 - 330   2016年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    A study to evaluate the effect of metformin on the immune system was commenced in July 2014. Metformin is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for type 2 diabetes, and previous studies have reported that metformin has an anti-tumor effect. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of metformin on the immune system in human cancer patients in vivo. The primary outcome parameter will be the rate change in the population of CD8(+) T cells, which produce multiple cytokines.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/54514

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  • The Efficacy of Rituximab in High-risk Renal Transplant Recipients 査読

    Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Yosuke Mitsui, Risa Kubota, Takashi Yoshioka, Yuichi Ariyoshi, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Katsuyuki Hotta, Yasutomo Nasu

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   70 ( 4 )   295 - 297   2016年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Although graft survival following renal transplantation (RTx) has improved, outcomes following highrisk RTx are variable. Preexisting antibodies, including donor-specific antibodies (DSA), play an important role in graft dysfunction and survival. We have designed a study to investigate the safety and efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (rituximab) in high-risk RTx recipients. Major eligibility criteria include: 1) major and minor ABO blood group mismatch, 2) positive DSA. Thirty-five patients will receive 200 mg/body of rituximab. The primary endpoint is the incidence of B cell depletion. This study will clarify whether rituximab is efficacious in improving graft survival in high-risk RTx recipients.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/54507

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  • Mitochondrial Dynamics and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Diabetes 査読

    Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   70 ( 3 )   151 - 158   2016年6月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    The mitochondria are involved in active and dynamic processes, such as mitochondrial biogenesis, fission, fusion and mitophagy to maintain mitochondrial and cellular functions. In obesity and type 2 diabetes, impaired oxidation, reduced mitochondrial contents, lowered rates of oxidative phosphorylation and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production have been reported. Mitochondrial biogenesis is regulated by various transcription factors such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1 alpha), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), estrogen-related receptors (ERRs), and nuclear respiratory factors (NRFs). Mitochondrial fusion is promoted by mitofusin 1 (MFN1), mitofusin 2 (MFN2) and optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), while fission is governed by the recruitment of dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) by adaptor proteins such as mitochondrial fission factor (MFF), mitochondrial dynamics proteins of 49 and 51 kDa (MiD49 and MiD51), and fission 1 (FIS1). Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) and PARKIN promote DRP1-dependent mitochondrial fission, and the outer mitochondrial adaptor MiD51 is required in DRP1 recruitment and PARKIN-dependent mitophagy. This review describes the molecular mechanism of mitochondrial dynamics, its abnormality in diabetes and obesity, and pharmaceuticals targeting mitochondrial biogenesis, fission, fusion and mitophagy.

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  • Antiobesity Action of ACAM by Modulating the Dynamics of Cell Adhesion and Actin Polymerization in Adipocytes 査読

    Kazutoshi Murakami, Jun Eguchi, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Akihiro Katayama, Miwa Sakurai, Haruki Choshi, Masumi Furutani, Daisuke Ogawa, Kohji Takei, Fumio Otsuka, Jun Wada

    DIABETES   65 ( 5 )   1255 - 1267   2016年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor-like membrane protein (CLMP) was identified as the tight junction-associated transmembrane protein of epithelial cells with homophilic binding activities. CLMP is also recognized as adipocyte adhesion molecule (ACAM), and it is upregulated in mature adipocytes in rodents and humans with obesity. Here, we present that aP2 promoter-driven ACAM transgenic mice are protected from obesity and diabetes with the prominent reduction of adipose tissue mass and smaller size of adipocytes. ACAM is abundantly expressed on plasma membrane of mature adipocytes and associated with formation of phalloidin-positive polymerized form of cortical actin (F-actin). By electron microscopy, the structure of zonula adherens with an intercellular space of approximate to 10-20 nm was observed with strict parallelism of the adjoining cell membranes over distances of 1-20 m, where ACAM and -actin are abundantly expressed. The formation of zonula adherens may increase the mechanical strength, inhibit the adipocyte hypertrophy, and improve the insulin sensitivity.

    DOI: 10.2337/db15-1304

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  • Acute idiopathic blue fingers: A young man with Achenbach's syndrome 査読

    Hidemi Takeuchi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Yuka Okuyama, Jun Wada

    BMJ Case Reports   2016   10.1136/bcr - 2016   2016年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BMJ Publishing Group  

    We report a case of a 20-year-old man presenting with acute painful blue fingers. All physical findings, including an Allen test, were normal, and systematic symptoms frequently seen in collagen diseases were absent. Although we performed a wide variety of investigations including medical imaging, no specific abnormal findings were observed. Skin biopsy pathology was an important reference. The patient's symptoms gradually improved and were completely resolved without specific treatment. Based on the clinical presentation and course, we gave a diagnosis of Achenbach's syndrome, developed in a young male. Achenbach's syndrome is rare, but still may be encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms can be startling to the patient, eliciting fear of something terrible when, in fact, the syndrome is relatively benign and has a good prognosis. Recognising this disease quickly after presentation helps to eliminate the anxiety of the patient, as well as reducing excessively invasive investigations. We present a case report to enlighten Achenbach's syndrome.

    DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2016-214491

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  • Insufficiency of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase is risk for lean non-alcoholic steatohepatitis 査読

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Makoto Matsuyama, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Sanae Teshigawara, Daisuke Ogawa, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Fusao Ikeda, Akinobu Takaki, Eijiro Watanabe, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   6   21721   2016年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Although obesity is undoubtedly major risk for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the presence of lean NASH patients with normal body mass index has been recognized. Here, we report that the insufficiency of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT) is a risk for the lean NASH. The Pemt-/-mice fed high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) diet were protected from diet-induced obesity and diabetes, while they demonstrated prominent steatohepatitis and developed multiple liver tumors. Pemt exerted inhibitory effects on p53-driven transcription by forming the complex with clathrin heavy chain and p53, and Pemt-/-mice fed HFHS diet demonstrated prominent apoptosis of hepatocytes. Furthermore, hypermethylation and suppressed mRNA expression of F-box protein 31 and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha resulted in the prominent activation of cyclin D1. PEMT mRNA expression in liver tissues of NASH patients was significantly lower than those with simple steatosis and we postulated the distinct clinical entity of lean NASH with insufficiency of PEMT activities.

    DOI: 10.1038/srep21721

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  • The efficacy of add-on tacrolimus for minor flare in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective study 査読

    H. Watanabe, R. Yamanaka, K-E Sada, S. Zeggar, E. Katsuyama, T. Katsuyama, M. T. Narazaki, N. T. Tatebe, K. Sugiyama, K. S. Watanabe, H. Wakabayashi, T. Kawabata, J. Wada, H. Makino

    LUPUS   25 ( 1 )   54 - 60   2016年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD  

    Objective We have assessed the effectiveness of tacrolimus for minor flares in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.
    Methods The medical records of 313 patients were retrospectively reviewed over a period of seven years, from 2006 to 2013. We enrolled patients with minor flare treated with add-on tacrolimus, without glucocorticoid (GC) intensification (tacrolimus group). Minor flare was defined as a 1-point increase in a total score between 3 and 11 in the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI). We enrolled as controls patients who were administered increased doses of GC for minor flare (GC group). All patients were followed for one year. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of responders.
    Results There were 14 eligible patients in the tacrolimus group and 20 eligible patients in the GC group. The mean SLEDAI at flare tended to be higher in the tacrolimus group than in the GC group (7.5 vs. 6.2, p=0.085). A mean dose of 1.6mg tacrolimus/day was administered for flare, while the mean GC dose was 13.7mg/day in the GC group. The proportion of responders was 86% (12/14) in the tacrolimus group and 75% (15/20) in the GC group (p=0.67). The mean dose of GC at 12 months was higher in the GC group than in the tacrolimus group (9.7mg/day vs. 7.1mg/day, p&lt;0.05). Only one patient discontinued tacrolimus because of fatigue after three months.
    Conclusion Adding tacrolimus without increasing the GC dose may provide an effective treatment option for minor flares in patients with SLE.

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203315600538

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  • Innate immunity in diabetes and diabetic nephropathy 査読

    Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    NATURE REVIEWS NEPHROLOGY   12 ( 1 )   13 - 26   2016年1月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    The innate immune system includes several classes of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), including membrane-bound Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs). These receptors detect pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) in the extracellular and intracellular space. Intracellular NLRs constitute inflammasomes, which activate and release caspase-1, IL-1 beta, and IL-18 thereby initiating an inflammatory response. Systemic and local low-grade inflammation and release of proinflammatory cytokines are implicated in the development and progression of diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy. TLR2,TLR4, and the NLRP3 inflammasome can induce the production of various proinflammatory cytokines and are critically involved in inflammatory responses in pancreatic islets, and in adipose, liver and kidney tissues. This Review describes how innate immune system-driven inflammatory processes can lead to apoptosis, tissue fibrosis, and organ dysfunction resulting in insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and renal failure. We propose that careful targeting of TLR2, TLR4, and NLRP3 signalling pathways could be beneficial for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1038/nrneph.2015.175

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  • Risk Factors for the Requirement of Antenatal Insulin Treatment in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus 査読

    Mayu Watanabe, Akihiro Katayama, Hidetoshi Kagawa, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada

    Journal of Diabetes Research   2016   9648798   2016年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORP  

    Poor maternal glycemic control increases maternal and fetal risk for adverse outcomes, and strict management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is recommended to prevent neonatal and maternal complications. However, risk factors for the requirement of antenatal insulin treatment (AIT) are not well-investigated in the pregnant women with GDM. We enrolled 37 pregnant women with GDM and investigated the risk for AIT by comparing the patients with AIT (AIT group; n = 10) and without insulin therapy (Diet group; n = 27). The 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels and the number of abnormal values in 75 g OGTT were significantly higher in AIT group compared with Diet group. By logistic regression analysis, plasma glucose level at 1-h was significant predictor for AIT and the odds ratios were 1.115 (1.004-1.239) using forward selection method and 1.192 (1.006-1.413) using backward elimination method. There were no significant differences in obstetrical outcomes and neonatal complications. 1-h plasma glucose levels in 75 g OGTT are useful parameters in predicting the requirement for AIT in GDM. Both maternal and neonatal complications are comparable in GDM patients with and without insulin therapy.

    DOI: 10.1155/2016/9648798

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Bilateral Abducens Nerve Palsy due to Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension as an Initial Manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 査読

    Eri Katsuyama, Ken-ei Sada, Noriko Tatebe, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Koichi Sugiyama, Katsue S. Watanabe, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   55 ( 8 )   991 - 994   2016年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome of increased intracranial pressure and presents as an intractable headache, vomiting, and ophthalmologic manifestations. We herein report the case of a young girl who presented with bilateral abducens nerve palsy due to IIH as the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The patient was successfully treated with corticosteroid therapy. Our case lacked the typical symptoms of IIH, such as headache or nausea; therefore, it is necessary to carefully determine the cause of bilateral abducens nerve palsies. The development of IIH in SLE patients is a rare occurrence, but this manifestation should not be overlooked.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.55.5990

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • CDH13 Polymorphisms are Associated with Adiponectin Levels and Metabolic Syndrome Traits Independently of Visceral Fat Mass 査読

    Kitamoto, Aya, Kitamoto, Takuya, Nakamura, Takahiro, Matsuo, Tomoaki, Nakata, Yoshio, Hyogo, Hideyuki, Ochi, Hidenori, Kamohara, Seika, Miyatake, Nobuyuki, Kotani, Kazuaki, Mineo, Ikuo, Wada, Jun, Ogawa, Yuji, Yoneda, Masato, Nakajima, Atsushi, Funahashi, Tohru, Miyazaki, Shigeru, Tokunaga, Katsuto, Masuzaki, Hiroaki, Ueno, Takato, Chayama, Kazuaki, Hamaguchi, Kazuyuki, Yamada, Kentaro, Hanafusa, Toshiaki, Oikawa, Shinichi, Sakata, Toshiie, Tanaka, Kiyoji, Matsuzawa, Yuji, Hotta, Kikuko

    JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS   23 ( 3 )   309 - 319   2016年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN ATHEROSCLEROSIS SOC  

    Aim: Visceral fat accumulation contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome. As visceral fat accumulation increases, adiponectin levels decrease; therefore, adiponectin provides a link between visceral fat accumulation and metabolic disorders. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic variations in the cadherin 13 (CDH13) gene that are associated with adiponectin levels. Methods: We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CDH13 was associated with adiponectin levels and metabolic syndrome traits independent of the visceral fat area (VFA), as measured using computed tomography (CT) in 945 Japanese individuals. Results: We found that three CDH13 SNPs reported by recent GWASs (i.e., rs3865188, rs4783244, and rs12051272) were significantly associated with higher adiponectin levels (P &lt; 1 x 10(-14)), even after adjustment for VFA. However, these adiponectin-inducing alleles of CDH13 SNPs were significantly associated with traits consistent with deteriorating metabolic symptoms, such as higher fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) scores, and triglycerides and lower highdensity lipoprotein (HDL)-cho

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.31567

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  • Anti-albuminuric effects of spironolactone in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy: a multicenter, randomized clinical trial 査読

    Sawako Kato, Shoichi Maruyama, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada, Daisuke Ogawa, Takashi Uzu, Hisazumi Araki, Daisuke Koya, Keizo Kanasaki, Yutaka Oiso, Motomitsu Goto, Akira Nishiyama, Hiroyuki Kobori, Enyu Imai, Masahiko Ando, Seiichi Matsuo

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   19 ( 6 )   1098 - 1106   2015年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Background Several studies have demonstrated that spironolactone has an anti-albuminuric property in diabetic nephropathy. As an adverse event, spironolactone often induces the elevation of creatinine levels with hypotension and hyperkalemia. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of spironolactone in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes treated with either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers.
    Methods Fifty-two Japanese patients with diabetic nephropathy and albuminuria (100 mg/gCr-2000 mg/gCr) treated with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, open-label study. The patients were subjected to add-on treatment with spironolactone 25 mg once daily and compared with matched controls for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was a reduction in the rate of albuminuria at 8 weeks compared with the baseline value. This study was registered with UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (000008016).
    Results Albuminuria was reduced by 33 % (95 % confidence interval: 22-54; P = 0.0002) at 8 weeks with spironolactone. In the spironolactone group, blood pressure tended to lower and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was significantly decreased compared to those in the control group. When adjusted by systolic blood pressure and eGFR, spironolactone treatment still showed a significant effect on albuminuria reduction in a linear mixed model (coefficient +/- A standard error; 514.4 +/- A 137.6 mg/gCr, P &lt; 0.0005). No patient was excluded from the study because of hyperkalemia.
    Conclusions Spironolactone reduced albuminuria along with conventional RAS inhibitors in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Our study suggests that spironolactone exerts anti-albuminuric effects independent of systemic hemodynamic alterations.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-015-1106-2

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  • Beneficial impact of Gpnmb and its significance as a biomarker in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis 査読

    Akihiro Katayama, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Sanae Teshigawara, Motoko Kanzaki, Tomokazu Nunoue, Kazuyuki Hida, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Fusao Ikeda, Akinobu Takaki, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   5   16920   2015年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Gpnmb is classified as a type 1 membrane protein and its soluble form is secreted by ADAM10-mediated cleavage. Gpnmb mRNA was found in the Kupffer cells and white adipose tissues (WATs) and its upregulation in obesity was recently found. Here, we generated aP2 promoter-driven Gpnmb transgenic (Tg) mice and the overexpression of Gpnmb ameliorated the fat accumulation and fibrosis of the liver in diet-induced obesity model. Soluble form of Gpnmb in sera was elevated in Gpnmb Tg mice and Gpnmb concentrated in hepatic macrophages and stellate cells interacted with calnexin, which resulted in the reduction of oxidative stress. In the patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, serum soluble GPNMB concentrations were higher compared with the patients with simple steatosis. The GPNMB is a promising biomarker and therapeutic target for the development and progression of NAFLD in obesity.

    DOI: 10.1038/srep16920

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  • Successful treatment by mycophenolate mofetil in a patient with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. 査読

    Tenta M, Uchida HA, Nunoue T, Umebayashi R, Okuyama Y, Kitagawa M, Maeshima Y, Sugiyama H, Wada J

    CEN case reports   4 ( 2 )   190 - 195   2015年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/s13730-014-0165-7

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  • Translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 44 alters the mitochondrial fusion and fission dynamics and protects from type 2 diabetes 査読

    Yu Wang, Akihiro Katayama, Takahiro Terami, Xiaoying Han, Tomokazu Nunoue, Dongxiao Zhang, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Yasuhide Furuta, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL   64 ( 6 )   677 - 688   2015年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC  

    Objective. In obesity and type 2 diabetes, the impairment of mitochondrial function in white adipose tissue (WAT) is linked to a reduction in whole body insulin sensitivity. Timm44 is upregulated in the kidneys of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. In the inner mitochondrial membrane, Timm44 anchors mitochondrial heat-shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) to the translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 23 (TIM23) complex and facilitates the import of mitochondria-targeted preproteins into the mitochondrial matrix dependent on the inner membrane potential and ATP hydrolysis on ATPase domain of mtHsp70.
    Methods. We generated the aP2-promoter driven Timm44 transgenic (Tg) mouse model and investigated whether Timm44 Tg mice fed high-fat/high-sucrose (HFHS) chow are protected from type 2 diabetes and obesity.
    Results. The body weight of aP2-promoter driven Timm44 Tg mice was lower than that of wild type mice, and insulin sensitivity was greater in Timm44 Tg mice than in wild type mice. Although WAT weight was not altered in Timm44 Tg mice fed HFHS chow, adipocyte size was reduced, and mitochondrial fusion associated with decreased expression of fission genes, such as Dnm11 and Fis1, was observed. In addition, when fed standard (STD) chow, the expressions of the fusion genes Opal, Mfn1 and Mfn2, and Mfn1 were significantly increased in Timm44 Tg mice compared to wild type mice, and fused mitochondria were also observed in Timm44 Tg mice fed STD chow.
    Conclusions. The Timm44 gene may be a new target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2015.02.004

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  • Risk factors for the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus 査読

    Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Sayaka Namba, Haruki Watanabe, Eri Katsuyama, Toshio Yamanari, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   108 ( 2 )   273 - 279   2015年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Aims: To evaluate the incidence of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus (GC-DM) by repeated measurements of the postprandial glucose and detect predictors for the development of GC-DM.
    Methods: Inpatients with rheumatic or renal disease who received glucocorticoid therapy were enrolled in this study. We compared the clinical and laboratory parameters of the GC-DM group with the non-GC-DM group and performed a multivariate analysis to identify risk factors.
    Results: During a four-week period, 84 of the 128 patients (65.6%) developed GC-DM. All patients were diagnosed based on the detection of postprandial hyperglycemia. The GC-DM group had an older age (65.2 vs. 50.4 years, p &lt; 0.0001), higher levels of fasting plasma glucose (93.3 vs. 89.0 mg/dl, p = 0.027) and HbA1c (5.78 vs. 5.50%, 39.7 vs. 36.6 mmol/mol, p = 0.001) and lower eGFR values (54.0 vs. 77.1 ml/min/1.73 m(2), p = 0.0003) than the non-GC-DM group. According to the multivariate analysis, an older age (more than or equal to 65 years), higher HbA1c level (more than or equal to 6.0%) and lower eGFR (&lt;40 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) were identified as independent risk factors for GC-DM (OR 2.95, 95% CI 1.15-7.92, OR: 3.05, 95% CI 1.11-9.21, OR: 3.42, 95% CI: 1.22-10.8, respectively). The risk ratio for the development of GC-DM in the patients with at least one of these three risk factors was 2.28. The dose of glucocorticoids was not statistically related to the development of GC-DM.
    Conclusions: Patients with an older age, higher HbA1c level and lower eGFR require close monitoring for the development of GC-DM, regardless of the dose of glucocorticoids being administered. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2015.02.010

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  • Identification of Circulating miR-101, miR-375 and miR-802 as Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes 査読

    Chigusa Higuchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Motoko Kanzaki, Akihiro Katayama, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Naoto Takahashi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Sakiko Sasaki, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL   64 ( 4 )   489 - 497   2015年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC  

    Purpose. The unique circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) observed in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are candidates as new biomarkers and therapeutic targets. In order to identify circulating miRNAs relevant to the disease process in case of type 2 diabetes, we performed the Illumina sequencing of miRNAs derived from the serum, liver and epididymal white adipose tissue (WAT) of diet-induced obese male C57BL/6J mice.
    Basic Procedures. We selected four miRNAs, miR-101, miR-335, miR-375, and miR-802, which are increased in the sera and tissues of obese mice, and measured the serum levels of miRNAs in T2D and subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).
    Main Findings. The serum concentrations of miRNAs, log10miR-101, log(10)miR-375, and log(10)miR-802, were significantly increased in the T2D patients compared with NGT subjects (1.41 +/- 2.01 u.s. -0.57 +/- 1.05 (P = 1.36 x 10(-5)), 0.20 +/- 0.58 v.s. 0.038 +/- 1.00 (P = 3.06 x 10(-6)), and 2.45 +/- 1.27 u.s. 0.97 +/- 0.98 (P = 0.014), respectively). The log(10)miR-335 values did not demonstrate any significant differences between the T2D and NGT groups (-1.08 +/- 1.35 v.s. 0.38 +/- 1.21 (P = 0.25)). According to the stepwise regression analysis, the HbA1c was an independent predictor of miR-101. Regarding the serum miR-802 levels, eGFR, HbA1c and HDL-C values were identified as significant determinants.
    Principal Conclusions. The present findings demonstrated that the circulating miR-101, miR-375 and miR-802 levels are significantly increased in T2D patients versus NGT subjects and they may become the new biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2014.12.003

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  • AUTOIMMUNE PANCREATITIS AND MINIMAL CHANGE NEPHROTIC SYNDROME: AN UNUSUAL ASSOCIATION? 査読

    Yuka Okuyama, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Masafumi Tenta, Tomokazu Nunoue, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shinji Kitamura, Yohei Maeshima, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    NEPHROLOGY   20 ( 3 )   225 - 226   2015年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.12370

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  • Cognitive and affective functions in diabetic patients associated with diabetes-related factors, white matter abnormality and aging 査読

    N. Hishikawa, T. Yamashita, K. Deguchi, J. Wada, K. Shikata, H. Makino, K. Abe

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY   22 ( 2 )   313 - 321   2015年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Background and purposeDiabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with a decline in cognitive and affective functions.
    MethodsIn all, 182 outpatients with DM were investigated for associations of cognitive and affective functions with diabetes-related factors and cerebral white matter abnormalities. In addition, the difference in cognitive decline of age-matched late elderly normal subjects and DM patients was investigated.
    ResultsThe present study revealed that cognitive and affective functions declined in some DM patients. Furthermore, the decline in these functions was unrelated to fasting blood sugar level but was related to glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and insulin resistance. Poor HbA1c control was associated with a significant decline in the calculation' subscale and insulin resistance for naming', read list of letters' and delayed recall' Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) subscale scores. Magnetic resonance imaging scans showed that both periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and deep white matter hyperintensity were associated with Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and MoCA scores, but only PVH was related to homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance scores. Compared with age-matched late elderly normal subjects, orientation to time' and registration' MMSE subscales declined in late elderly DM patients.
    ConclusionsThese results suggest that cognitive and affective decline in DM patients was mostly related to glucose control and insulin resistance, whilst amongst late elderly subjects the impairment of attention' and orientation' were characteristic features of DM patients.

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  • Structural design and synthesis of arylalkynyl amide-type peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ)-selective antagonists based on the helix12-folding inhibition hypothesis 査読

    Ohashi M, Gamo K, Tanaka Y, Waki M, Beniyama Y, Matsuno K, Wada J, Tenta M, Eguchi J, Makishima M, Matsuura N, Oyama T, Miyachi H

    Eur J Med Chem   90   53 - 67   2015年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.11.017

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  • ADIPOQ polymorphisms are associated with insulin resistance in Japanese women

    Kitamoto, Aya, Kitamoto, Takuya, So, Rina, Matsuo, Tomoaki, Nakata, Yoshio, Hyogo, Hideyuki, Ochi, Hidenori, Nakamura, Takahiro, Kamohara, Seika, Miyatake, Nobuyuki, Kotani, Kazuaki, Mineo, Ikuo, Wada, Jun, Ogawa, Yuji, Yoneda, Masato, Nakajima, Atsushi, Funahashi, Tohru, Miyazaki, Shigeru, Tokunaga, Katsuto, Masuzaki, Hiroaki, Ueno, Takato, Chayama, Kazuaki, Hamaguchi, Kazayuki, Yamada, Kentaro, Hanafusa, Toshiaki, Oikawa, Shinichi, Sakata, Toshiie, Tanaka, Kiyoji, Matsuzawa, Yuji, Hotta, Kikuko

    ENDOCRINE JOURNAL   62 ( 6 )   513 - 521   2015年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1507/endocrj.EJ14-0574

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  • Factors Associated with Remission and/or Regression of Microalbuminuria in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 査読

    Tetsuichiro Ono, Kenichi Shikata, Mikako Obika, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Ryo Kodera, Daisyo Hirota, Jun Wada, Hitomi Kataoka, Daisuke Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   68 ( 4 )   235 - 241   2014年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    The aim of this study was to clarify the factors associated with the remission and/or regression of microalbuminuria in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 130 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria for 2-6 years (3.39 +/- 1.31 years). Remission was defined as improving from microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria using the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), and regression of microalbuminuria was defined as a decrease in ACR of 50% or more from baseline. Progression of microalbuminuria was defined as progressing from microalbuminuria to overt proteinuria during the follow-up period. Among 130 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria, 57 and 13 patients were defined as having remission and regression, respectively, while 26 patients progressed to overt proteinuria. Sex (female), higher HDL cholesterol and lower HbAlc were determinant factors associated with remission/regression of microalbuminuria by logistic regression analysis. Lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) was also correlated with remission/regression, but not at a significant level. These results suggest that proper control of blood glucose, BP and lipid profiles may be associated with remission and/or regression of type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria in clinical practice.

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  • Long-Term Treatment with the Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitor, Dapagliflozin, Ameliorates Glucose Homeostasis and Diabetic Nephropathy in db/db Mice 査読

    Naoto Terami, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiromi Tachibana, Takashi Hatanaka, Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Naoko Nishii, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   9 ( 6 )   e100777   2014年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Inhibition of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) has been reported as a new therapeutic strategy for treating diabetes. However, the effect of SGLT2 inhibitors on the kidney is unknown. In addition, whether SGLT2 inhibitors have an anti-inflammatory or antioxidative stress effect is still unclear. In this study, to resolve these issues, we evaluated the effects of the SGLT2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin, using a mouse model of type 2 diabetes and cultured proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells. Male db/db mice were administered 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg of dapagliflozin for 12 weeks. Body weight, blood pressure, blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, albuminuria and creatinine clearance were measured. Mesangial matrix accumulation and interstitial fibrosis in the kidney and pancreatic beta-cell mass were evaluated by histological analysis. Furthermore, gene expression of inflammatory mediators, such as osteopontin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and transforming growth factor-beta, was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR. In addition, oxidative stress was evaluated by dihydroethidium and NADPH oxidase 4 staining. Administration of 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg of dapagliflozin ameliorated hyperglycemia, beta-cell damage and albuminuria in db/db mice. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance and blood pressure were not affected by administration of dapagliflozin, but glomerular mesangial expansion and interstitial fibrosis were suppressed in a dose-dependent manner. Dapagliflozin treatment markedly decreased macrophage infiltration and the gene expression of inflammation and oxidative stress in the kidney of db/db mice. Moreover, dapagliflozin suppressed the high-glucose-induced gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress in cultured mProx24 cells. These data suggest that dapagliflozin ameliorates diabetic nephropathy by improving hyperglycemia along with inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress.

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  • Serum vaspin levels are associated with physical activity or physical fitness in Japanese: a pilot study

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Noriko Sakano, Sanae Teshigawara, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Takeyuki Numata

    ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   19 ( 3 )   200 - 206   2014年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    To investigate the link between serum vaspin levels and physical activity and/or physical fitness in Japanese.
    A total of 156 subjects (81 men and 75 women) was enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum vaspin levels, physical activity by uniaxial accelerometers, peak oxygen uptake, and metabolic risk parameters were evaluated. We also assessed anthropometric and body composition parameters.
    Serum vaspin levels were over the level of 10 ng/mL in 15 subjects (9.6 %: Vaspin High group). In Vaspin Low group (&lt; 5 ng/mL: 74 men and 67 women), serum vaspin levels were 0.12 +/- A 0.18 ng/mL in men and 0.39 +/- A 0.70 ng/mL in women. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly and positively correlated with serum vaspin levels even after adjusting for age, physical activity evaluated by I [metabolic pound equivalents x h per week (METsa &lt;...h/w)], BMI, and other confounding factors in men. In turn, physical activity was significantly and positively correlated with serum vaspin levels even after adjusting for confounding factors in women.
    Serum vaspin levels were closely associated with physical fitness in men and physical activity in women independent of body composition in this Japanese cohort.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12199-013-0375-1

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  • Pemt Deficiency Ameliorates Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Diabetic Nephropathy 査読

    Mayu Watanabe, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Chigusa Higuchi, Akihiro Katayama, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Eguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Eijiro Watanabe, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   9 ( 3 )   e92647   2014年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (Pemt) catalyzes the methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to phosphatidylcholine (PC) mainly in the liver. Under an obese state, the upregulation of Pemt induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by increasing the PC/PE ratio in the liver. We targeted the Pemt gene in mice to explore the therapeutic impact of Pemt on the progression of diabetic nephropathy and diabetes, which was induced by the injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Although the blood glucose levels were similar in STZ-induced diabetic Pemt+/+ and Pemt-/-mice, the glomerular hypertrophy and albuminuria in Pemt-/- mice were significantly reduced. Pemt deficiency reduced the intraglomerular F4/80-positive macrophages, hydroethidine fluorescence, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. The expression of glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP78) was enriched in the renal tubular cells in STZ-induced diabetic mice, and this was ameliorated by Pemt deficiency. In mProx24 renal proximal tubular cells, the treatment with ER-stress inducers, tunicamycin and thapsigargin, increased the expression of GRP78, which was reduced by transfection of a shRNA lentivirus for Pemt (shRNA-Pemt). The number of apoptotic cells in the renal tubules was significantly reduced in Pemt-/- diabetic mice, and shRNA-Pemt upregulated the phosphorylation of Akt and decreased the cleavage of caspase 3 and 7 in mProx24 cells. Taken together, these findings indicate that the inhibition of Pemt activity ameliorates the ER stress associated with diabetic nephropathy in a model of type 1 diabetes and corrects the functions of the three major pathways downstream of ER stress, i.e. oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis.

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  • Effect of vildagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, on cardiac hypertrophy induced by chronic beta-adrenergic stimulation in rats 査読

    Toru Miyoshi, Kazufumi Nakamura, Masashi Yoshida, Daiji Miura, Hiroki Oe, Satoshi Akagi, Hiroki Sugiyama, Kaoru Akazawa, Tomoko Yonezawa, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY   13   43   2014年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: Heart failure with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is often associated with insulin resistance and inflammation. Recent studies have shown that dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors improve glucose metabolism and inflammatory status. We therefore evaluated whether vildagliptin, a DPP4 inhibitor, prevents LV hypertrophy and improves diastolic function in isoproterenol-treated rats.
    Methods: Male Wistar rats received vehicle (n = 20), subcutaneous isoproterenol (2.4 mg/kg/day, n = 20) (ISO), subcutaneous isoproterenol (2.4 mg/kg/day + oral vildagliptin (30 mg/kg/day, n = 20) (ISO-VL), or vehicle + oral vildagliptin (30 mg/kg/day, n = 20) (vehicle-VL) for 7 days.
    Results: Blood pressure was similar among the four groups, whereas LV hypertrophy was significantly decreased in the ISO-VL group compared with the ISO group (heart weight/body weight, vehicle: 3.2 +/- 0.40, ISO: 4.43 +/- 0.39, ISO-VL: 4.14 +/- 0.29, vehicle-VL: 3.16 +/- 0.16, p &lt; 0.05). Cardiac catheterization revealed that vildagliptin lowered the elevated LV end-diastolic pressure observed in the ISO group, but other parameters regarding LV diastolic function such as the decreased minimum dp/dt were not ameliorated in the ISO-VL group. Histological analysis showed that vildagliptin attenuated the increased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and perivascular fibrosis, but it did not affect angiogenesis in cardiac tissue. In the ISO-VL group, quantitative PCR showed attenuation of increased mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, insulin-like growth factor-l, and restoration of decreased mRNA expression of glucose transporter type 4.
    Conclusions: Vildagliptin may prevent LV hypertrophy caused by continuous exposure to isoproterenol in rats.

    DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-13-43

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  • Metallothionein deficiency exacerbates diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice 査読

    Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Norio Sogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

    American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology   306 ( 1 )   F105 - F115   2014年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. Metallothionein (MT) is induced in proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant in the diabetic kidney
    however, the role of MT in renal function remains unclear. We therefore investigated whether MT deficiency accelerates diabetic nephropathy through oxidative stress and inflammation. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection in MT-deficient (MT-/-) and MT+/+ mice. Urinary albumin excretion, histological changes, markers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), and kidney inflammation were measured. Murine proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells were used to further elucidate the role of MT under high-glucose conditions. Parameters of diabetic nephropathy and markers of ROS and inflammation were accelerated in diabetic MT-/- mice compared with diabetic MT+/+ mice, despite equivalent levels of hyperglycemia. MT deficiency accelerated interstitial fibrosis and macrophage infiltration into the interstitium in the diabetic kidney. Electron microscopy revealed abnormal mitochondrial morphology in proximal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic MT-/- mice. In vitro studies demonstrated that knockdown of MT by small interfering RNA enhanced mitochondrial ROS generation and inflammation-related gene expression in mProx24 cells cultured under high-glucose conditions. The results of this study suggest that MT may play a key role in protecting the kidney against high glucose-induced ROS and subsequent inflammation in diabetic nephropathy. © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00034.2013

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  • Metallothionein deficiency exacerbates diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice 査読

    Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Norio Sogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY   306 ( 1 )   F105 - F115   2014年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. Metallothionein (MT) is induced in proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant in the diabetic kidney; however, the role of MT in renal function remains unclear. We therefore investigated whether MT deficiency accelerates diabetic nephropathy through oxidative stress and inflammation. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection in MT-deficient (MT-/-) and MT+/+ mice. Urinary albumin excretion, histological changes, markers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), and kidney inflammation were measured. Murine proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells were used to further elucidate the role of MT under high-glucose conditions. Parameters of diabetic nephropathy and markers of ROS and inflammation were accelerated in diabetic MT-/- mice compared with diabetic MT+/+ mice, despite equivalent levels of hyperglycemia. MT deficiency accelerated interstitial fibrosis and macrophage infiltration into the interstitium in the diabetic kidney. Electron microscopy revealed abnormal mitochondrial morphology in proximal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic MT-/- mice. In vitro studies demonstrated that knockdown of MT by small interfering RNA enhanced mitochondrial ROS generation and inflammation-related gene expression in mProx24 cells cultured under high-glucose conditions. The results of this study suggest that MT may play a key role in protecting the kidney against high glucose-induced ROS and subsequent inflammation in diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00034.2013

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  • Nuclear Hormone Receptor Expression in Mouse Kidney and Renal Cell Lines 査読

    Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Hiromi Tachibana, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Naoko Nishii, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   9 ( 1 )   e85594   2014年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs) are transcription factors that regulate carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, immune responses, and inflammation. Although several NHRs, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) and PPAR alpha, demonstrate a renoprotective effect in the context of diabetic nephropathy (DN), the expression and role of other NHRs in the kidney are still unrecognized. To investigate potential roles of NHRs in the biology of the kidney, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to profile the expression of all 49 members of the mouse NHR superfamily in mouse kidney tissue (C57BL/6 and db/m), and cell lines of mesangial (MES13), podocyte (MPC), proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) and collecting duct (mIMCD3) origins in both normal and high-glucose conditions. In C57BL/6 mouse kidney cells, hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha, chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) and COUP-TFIII were highly expressed. During hyperglycemia, the expression of the NHR 4A subgroup including neuron-derived clone 77 (Nur77), nuclear receptor-related factor 1, and neuron-derived orphan receptor 1 significantly increased in diabetic C57BL/6 and db/db mice. In renal cell lines, PPAR delta was highly expressed in mesangial and proximal tubular epithelial cells, while COUP-TFs were highly expressed in podocytes, proximal tubular epithelial cells, and collecting duct cells. High-glucose conditions increased the expression of Nur77 in mesangial and collecting duct cells, and liver x receptor alpha in podocytes. These data demonstrate NHR expression in mouse kidney cells and cultured renal cell lines and suggest potential therapeutic targets in the kidney for the treatment of DN.

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  • Sarcoid-like lung granulomas in a hemodialysis patient treated with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor 査読

    Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shigeyuki Tuchimochi, Mayu Uka, Hirofumi Makino

    Clinical Kidney Journal   7 ( 2 )   182 - 185   2014年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Oxford University Press  

    It has been reported that the inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4)/CD26 on T-cells by DPP-4 enzymatic inhibitors suppresses lymphocyte proliferation and reduces the production of various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. A 72-year-old female with diabetic nephropathy on hemodialysis developed multiple lung nodules following the administration of vildagliptin. A biopsy demonstrated the histology of granulomas without caseous necrosis. The discontinuation of vildagliptin resulted in the disappearance of the granulomas within 4 months. As granulomatosis often develops in patients under anti-TNF-α therapy, the accumulation of DPP-4 inhibitors or its metabolites is possibly linked to unrecognized complications, such as sarcoid-like lung granulomas. © 2014 © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sft172

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • The chemiexcitation of the chemiluminescence of lophine peroxide anions via a partially cyclic transition state

    Lu, G., Wada, J., Kimoto, T., Iga, H., Nishigawa, H., Kimura, M., Hu, Z.

    European Journal of Organic Chemistry   2014 ( 6 )   2014年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201300976

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  • Comparison of New Preservation Solutions, HN-1 and University of Wisconsin Solution, in Pancreas Preservation for Porcine Islet Isolation. 査読

    Katayama A, Noguchi H, Kuise T, Nakatsuka A, Hirota D, Kataoka HU, Kawai T, Inoue K, Imagawa N, Saitoh I, Noguchi Y, Watanabe M, Wada J, Fujiwara T

    Cell medicine   6 ( 1-2 )   3 - 8   2013年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.3727/215517913X674171

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  • Long-term effect of cinacalcet hydrochloride on abdominal aortic calcification in patients on hemodialysis with secondary hyperparathyroidism 査読

    Kazunori Nakayama, Kazushi Nakao, Yuji Takatori, Junko Inoue, Shoichirou Kojo, Shigeru Akagi, Masaki Fukushima, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease   7   25 - 33   2013年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the common complications in dialysis patients, and is associated with increased risk of vascular calcification. The effects of cinacalcet hydrochloride treatment on bone and mineral metabolism have been previously reported, but the benefit of cinacalcet on vascular calcification remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of cinacalcet on abdominal aortic calcification in dialysis patients. Subjects and methods: Patients were on maintenance hemodialysis with insufficiently controlled SHPT (intact parathyroid hormone [PTH].180 pg/mL) by conventional therapies. All subjects were initially administered 25 mg cinacalcet daily, with concomitant use of calcitriol analogs. Abdominal aortic calcification was annually evaluated by calculating aortic calcification area index (ACAI) using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), from 12 months before to 36 months after the initiation of cinacalcet therapy. Results: Twenty-three patients were analyzed in this study. The mean age was 59.0±8.7 years, 34.8% were women, and the mean dialysis duration was 163.0±76.0 months. After administration of cinacalcet, serum levels of intact PTH, phosphorus, and calcium significantly decreased, and mean Ca × P values significantly decreased from 67.4±7.9 mg2/dL2 to 52±7.7 mg2/dL2. Although the ACAI value did not decrease during the observation period, the increase in ACAI between 24 months and 36 months after cinacalcet administration was significantly suppressed. Conclusion: Long-term administration of cinacalcet was associated with reduced progression of abdominal aortic calcification, and achieving appropriate calcium and phosphorus levels may reduce the rates of cardiovascular events and mortality in patients on hemodialysis. © 2014 Nakayama et al.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S54731

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  • Urinary angiotensinogen is a marker for tubular injuries in patients with type 2 diabetes 査読

    Takahiro Terami, Jun Wada, Kentaro Inoue, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Daisuke Ogawa, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Eguchi, Hirofumi Makino

    International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease   6   233 - 240   2013年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Purpose: Urinary angiotensinogen has been reported as a marker for the activation of intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in various kidney diseases. To investigate the importance of urinary angiotensinogen in diabetic nephropathy, we compared the urinary levels of angiotensinogen, albumin, and α1-microglobulin. Materials and methods: Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of nephropathy (n=85) were enrolled, and we measured albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) and urinary excretion of angiotensinogen and α1-microglobulin. We also compared the clinical data of the patients treated with or without angiotensin II receptor blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (RAS inhibitors [+], n=51
    RAS inhibitors [-], n=34). Results: Urinary angiotensinogen levels positively correlated with ACR (r =0.367, P=3.84×10-4) and urinary α1-microglobulin (r=0.734, P=1.32 × 10-15), while they negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) (r=-0.350, P=1.02 × 10-3) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=-0.216, P=0.049). Multiple regression analysis was carried out to predict urinary angiotensinogen levels by employing eGFR, ACR, and urinary α1-microglobulin as independent variables
    only urinary α1-microglobulin entered the regression equation at a significant level. Although ACR was higher in the RAS inhibitors (+) group, urinary α1-microglobulin and angiotensinogen did not show significant increase in the RAS inhibitors (+) group. Conclusion: Urinary angiotensinogen is well correlated with urinary α1-microglobulin and reflected the tubular injuries which may be associated with the intrarenal RAS activation in patients with type 2 diabetes. © 2013 Terami et al.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S51829

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  • Urinary Fetuin-A Is a Novel Marker for Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Identified by Lectin Microarray 査読

    Kentaro Inoue, Jun Wada, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Atsuhito Tone, Izumi Iseda, Kazuyuki Hida, Masao Yamada, Tomohisa Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

    PLoS ONE   8 ( 10 )   e77118   2013年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    We analyzed the urine samples of patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of diabetic nephropathy by lectin microarray to identify a biomarker to predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of nephropathy were enrolled and we performed lectin microarray analyses (n = 17) and measured urinary excretion of fetuin-A (n = 85). The increased signals of urine samples were observed in Siaα2-6Gal/GalNAc-binding lectins (SNA, SSA, TJA-I) during the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We next isolated sialylated glycoproteins by using SSA-lectin affinity chromatography and identified fetuin-A by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer. Urinary excretion of fetuin-A significantly increased during the progression of albuminuria (A1, 0.40±0.43
    A2, 0.60±0.53
    A3 1.57±1.13 ng/gCr
    p = 7.29×10-8) and of GFR stages (G1, 0.39±0.39
    G2, 0.49±0.45
    G3, 1.25±1.18
    G4, 1.34±0.80 ng/gCr
    p = 3.89×10-4). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was employed to assess fetuin-A as a risk for diabetic nephropathy with microalbuminuria or GFR&lt
    60 mL/min. Fetuin-A is demonstrated as a risk factor for both microalbuminuria and reduction of GFR in diabetic nephropathy with the odds ratio of 4.721 (1.881-11.844) and 3.739 (1.785-7.841), respectively. Collectively, the glycan profiling analysis is useful method to identify the urine biomarkers and fetuin-A is a candidate to predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy. © 2013 Inoue et al.

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  • NUDT3 rs206936 is associated with body mass index in obese Japanese women 査読

    Kitamoto, A., Kitamoto, T., Mizusawa, S., Teranishi, H., So, R., Matsuo, T., Nakata, Y., Hyogo, H., Ochi, H., Nakamura, T., Kamohara, S., Miyatake, N., Kotani, K., Komatsu, R., Itoh, N., Mineo, I., Wada, J., Yoneda, M., Nakajima, A., Funahashi, T., Miyazaki, S., Tokunaga, K., Masuzaki, H., Ueno, T., Chayama, K., Hamaguchi, K., Yamada, K., Hanafusa, T., Oikawa, S., Sakata, T., Tanaka, K., Matsuzawa, Y., Nakao, K., Sekine, A., Hotta, K.

    Endocrine Journal   60 ( 8 )   991 - 1000   2013年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1507/endocrj.EJ13-0100

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  • Cell Cycle Abnormality in Metabolic Syndrome and Nuclear Receptors as an Emerging Therapeutic Target 査読

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   67 ( 3 )   129 - 134   2013年6月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    In recent years, many researchers have emphasized the importance of metabolic syndrome based on its increasing prevalence and its adverse prognosis due to associated chronic vascular complications. Upstream of a cluster of metabolic and vascular disorders is the accumulation of visceral adipose tissue, which plays a central role in the pathophysiology. In the accumulation of adipose tissues, cell cycle regulation is tightly linked to cellular processes such as proliferation, hypertrophy and apoptosis. In addition, various cell cycle abnormalities have also been observed in other tissues, such as kidneys and the cardiovascular system, and they are critically involved in the progression of disease. Here, we discuss cell cycle abnormalities in metabolic syndrome in various tissues. Furthermore, we describe the role of nuclear receptors in cell growth and survival, and glucose and lipid metabolism in the whole body. Therapeutic strategies for modulating various cell cycles in metabolic disorders by targeting nuclear receptors may overcome obesity and its chronic vascular complications in the future.

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  • Visceral Adipose Tissue-derived Serine Proteinase Inhibitor Inhibits Apoptosis of Endothelial Cells as a Ligand for the Cell-Surface GRP78/Voltage-dependent Anion Channel Complex 査読

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Izumi Iseda, Sanae Teshigawara, Kanji Higashio, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Kazuyuki Hida, Jun Eguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Yasushi Matsuki, Ryuji Hiramatsu, Hideo Yagita, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hirofumi Makino

    CIRCULATION RESEARCH   112 ( 5 )   771 - +   2013年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Rationale: Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine proteinase inhibitor (vaspin) is an adipokine identified from visceral adipose tissues of genetically obese rats.
    Objective: The role of vaspin in the diabetic vascular complications remains elusive, and we investigated the effects of vaspin on the vascular function under the diabetic milieu.
    Methods and Results: Adenovirus carrying the full length of the vaspin gene (Vaspin-Ad) ameliorated intimal proliferation of balloon-injured carotid arteries in diabetic Wistar rats. The expression of Ccl2, Pdgfb, and Pdgfrb genes was significantly reduced by the treatment of Vaspin-Ad. In cuff-injured femoral arteries, the intimal proliferation was ameliorated in vaspin transgenic (Vaspin Tg) mice. The application of recombinant vaspin and Vaspin-Ad promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of human aortic endothelial cells. Adenovirus expressing vaspin with calmodulin and streptavidin-binding peptides was applied to human aortic endothelial cells, subjected to tandem tag purification and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and we identified GRP78 (78-kDa glucose-regulated protein) as an interacting molecule. The complex formation of vaspin, GRP78, and voltage-dependent anion channel on the plasma membrane was confirmed by the immunoprecipitation studies using aortas of Vaspin Tg mice. The binding assay using 125I-vaspin in human aortic endothelial cells revealed high-affinity binding (dissociation constant = 0.565x10(-9) m) by the treatment of 5 mu M thapsigargin, which recruited GRP78 from the endoplasmic reticulum to plasma membrane by inducing endoplasmic reticulum stress. In human aortic endothelial cells, vaspin induced phosphorylation of Akt and inhibited the kringle 5-induced Ca2+ influx and subsequent apoptosis.
    Conclusions: Vaspin is a novel ligand for the cell-surface GRP78/voltage-dependent anion channel complex in endothelial cells and promotes proliferation, inhibits apoptosis, and protects vascular injuries in diabetes mellitus. (Circ Res. 2013;112:771-780.)

    DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.111.300049

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  • Inflammation and the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy 査読

    Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL SCIENCE   124 ( 3-4 )   139 - 152   2013年2月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    The most problematic issue in clinical nephrology is the relentless and progressive increase in patients with ESRD (end-stage renal disease) worldwide. The impact of diabetic nephropathy on the increasing population with CKD (chronic kidney disease) and ESRD is enormous. Three major pathways showing abnormality of intracellular metabolism have been identified in the development of diabetic nephropathy: (i) the activation of polyol and PKC (protein kinase C) pathways; (ii) the formation of advanced glycation end-products; and (iii) intraglomerular hypertension induced by glomerular hyperfiltration. Upstream of these three major pathways, hyperglycaemia is the major driving force of the progression to ESRD from diabetic nephropathy. Downstream of the three pathways, microinflammation and subsequent extracellular matrix expansion are common pathways for the progression of diabetic nephropathy. In recent years, many researchers have been convinced that the inflammation pathways play central roles in the progression of diabetic nephropathy, and the identification of new inflammatory molecules may link to the development of new therapeutic strategies. Various molecules related to the inflammation pathways in diabetic nephropathy include transcription factors, pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, Toll-like receptors, adipokines and nuclear receptors, which are candidates for the new molecular targets for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Understanding of these molecular pathways of inflammation would translate into the development of anti-inflammation therapeutic strategies.

    DOI: 10.1042/CS20120198

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  • Current status of the treatment of microscopic polyangiitis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis in Japan 査読

    Koichi Sugiyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Michiko Kurosawa, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology   17 ( 1 )   51 - 58   2013年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: This study aimed to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in Japan. Methods: We used the database of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) from 2006 to 2008, and analyzed data from 938 patients (MPA = 697, GPA = 241) who fulfilled the MHLW diagnostic criteria and had registered within a year after onset. Results: The mean ages of the MPA and GPA patients were 69.4 ± 0.4 and 58.4 ± 1.1 years, respectively. Renal (86.9 %), chest (73.7 %), and nervous system (45.2 %) symptoms were common in MPA patients. Ear, nose, and throat (86.7 %), chest (78.0 %), and renal (60.6 %) symptoms were frequently observed in GPA patients. The concomitant use of cyclophosphamide (CY) with corticosteroids was observed in 22.2 % of the MPA patients and 58.5 % of the GPA patients. In multivariate analysis, the concomitant use of CY was associated with a younger age and pulmonary hemorrhage in MPA patients, and the avoidance of CY was associated with nervous system symptoms and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in GPA patients. Plasma exchanges were inducted in 5.2 % of the MPA patients and 4.1 % of the GPA patients. The addition of plasma exchange was associated with elevation of the serum creatinine level in patients with both MPA and GPA. Conclusion: A dominance of MPA and a reduced frequency of renal involvement in GPA patients may be significant features of the Japanese population. Clinical practice relating to MPA and GPA in Japan can be characterized as follows: CY is used less commonly, and plasma exchange is employed for patients with deteriorated renal function. © 2012 The Author(s).

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-012-0651-1

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  • Serum galectin-9 levels are elevated in the patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease 査読

    Yuko Kurose, Jun Wada, Motoko Kanzaki, Sanae Teshigawara, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Mayu Watanabe, Chigusa Higuchi, Jun Eguchi, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hirofumi Makino

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   14   2013年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: Galectin-9 (Gal-9) induces apoptosis in activated T helper 1 (T(H)1) cells as a ligand for T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (Tim-3). Gal-9 also inhibits the G1 phase cell cycle arrest and hypertrophy in db/db mice, the hallmark of early diabetic nephropathy, by reversing the high glucose-induced up-regulation of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors such as p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1).
    Methods: We investigated the serum levels of Gal-9 in the patients with type 2 diabetes and various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) (n = 182).
    Results: Serum Gal-9 levels in the patients with type 2 diabetes were 131.9 +/- 105.4 pg/ml and Log(10)Gal-9 levels significantly and positively correlated with age (r = 0.227, p = 0.002), creatinine (r = 0.175, p = 0.018), urea nitrogen (r = 0.162, p = 0.028) and osmotic pressure (r = 0.187, p = 0.014) and negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r = -0.188, p = 0.011). Log(10)Gal-9 levels increased along with the progression of GFR categories of G1 to G4, and they were statistically significant by Jonckheere-Terpstra test (p = 0.012). Log(10)Gal-9 levels remained similar levels in albuminuria stages of A1 to A3.
    Conclusion: The elevation of serum Gal-9 in the patients with type 2 diabetes is closely linked to GFR and they may be related to the alteration of the immune response and inflammation of the patients with type 2 diabetes and CKD.

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  • The effects of telmisartan treatment on the abdominal fat depot in patients with metabolic syndrome and essential hypertension: Abdominal fat Depot Intervention Program of Okayama (ADIPO) 査読

    Kazutoshi Murakami, Jun Wada, Daisuke Ogawa, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Tomoko Miyoshi, Motofumi Sasaki, Haruhito A. Uchida, Yoshio Nakamura, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES & VASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH   10 ( 1 )   93 - 96   2013年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD  

    Telmisartan partially activates the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma), which may ameliorate the accumulation of visceral adipose tissues and sensitise insulin action. Nineteen patients with essential hypertension and metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to receive 40 mg of telmisartan (TELMI group) once daily or 80 mg of valsartan (VAL group) once daily for 24 weeks. The visceral fat area (VFA) measured by computed tomography (CT) was significantly reduced from 150.4 +/- 15.5 to 127.7 +/- 16.7 cm(2) in the TELMI group (p=0.049). Although VFA was also reduced in the VAL group from 169.8 +/- 14.8 to 155.3 +/- 14.8 cm(2), the change was not significant (p=0.173). There were no significant changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, subdermal fat area (SFA), fasting plasma glucose, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in comparison to the baseline and follow-up data in both groups. In conclusion, telmisartan may have a benefit in the reduction of visceral adipose tissues in comparison to valsartan.

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  • Replication Study of 15 Recently Published Loci for Body Fat Distribution in the Japanese Population 査読

    Kikuko Hotta, Aya Kitamoto, Takuya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Hajime Teranishi, Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Takahiro Nakamura, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS   20 ( 4 )   336 - 350   2013年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN ATHEROSCLEROSIS SOC  

    Aim: Visceral fat accumulation plays an integral role in morbidity and mortality rates by increasing the risk of developing metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. New genetic loci associated with fat distribution, measured by waist-hip ratios and computed tomography (CT), have recently been identified by genome-wide association studies in European-descent populations. This study used CT to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to fat distribution are associated with visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) in the Japanese population.
    Methods: We measured the VFAs and SFAs of 1424 obese Japanese subjects (BMI &gt;= 25 kg/m(2), 635 men and 789 women) that were genotyped at 15 SNPs, namely, TBX15 rs984222, DNM3 rs1011731, LYPLAL1 rs4846567, GRB14 rs10195252, NISCH rs6784615, ADAMTS9 rs6795735, CPEB4 rs6861681, LY86 rs1294421, VEGFA rs6905288, RSPO3 rs9491696, NFE2L3 rs1055144, ITPR2 rs718314, HOXC13 rs1443512, ZNRF3 rs4823006 and THNSL2 rs1659258.
    Results: The G-allele of LYPLAL1 rs4846567 was borderline associated with an increased ratio of VFA to SFA (V/S ratio; p=0.0020). LYPLAL1 rs4846567 had a stronger effect on the V/S ratio in women (p=0.0078) than in men (p=0.12); however, neither result was significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. NISCH rs6784615 was nominally associated with increased VFA (p=0.040) and V/S ratio (p=0.020). The other SNPs analyzed were not significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), VFA, or SFA.
    Conclusion: Our results suggest that LYPLAL1 rs4846567 and NISCH rs6784615 may influence fat distribution in the Japanese population.

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.14589

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Erratum: The effects of telmisartan treatment on the abdominal fat depot in patients with metabolic syndrome and essential hypertension: Abdominal fat Depot Intervention Program of Okayama (ADIPO) (Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research (2013) 10:1 (93-96)(DOI: 10.1177/1479164112444640))

    Murakami, K., Wada, J., Ogawa, D., Horiguchi, C.S., Miyoshi, T., Sasaki, M., Uchida, H.A., Nakamura, Y., Makino, H.

    Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research   10 ( 6 )   554 - 554   2013年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1177/1479164113507658

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  • Erratum: Telmisartan attenutes diabetic nephropathy by suppressing oxisative stress in db/db mice (Nephron - Experimental Nephrology (2012) 121 (e97-e108) DOI: 10.1159/00343102)

    Sato-Horiguchi, C., Ogawa, D., Wada, J., Tachibana, H., Kodera, R., Eguchi, J., Nakatsuka, A., Terami, N., Shikata, K., Makino, H.

    Nephron - Experimental Nephrology   123 ( 3-4 )   46 - 46   2013年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1159/000355989

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  • The serum vaspin levels are reduced in Japanese chronic hemodialysis patients 査読

    Junko Inoue, Jun Wada, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Yuji Takatori, Shoichirou Kojo, Shigeru Akagi, Kazushi Nakao, Nobuyuki Miyatake, John F. McDonald, Hirofumi Makino

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   13   2012年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine proteinase inhibitor (vaspin) is an adipokine identified in genetically obese rats that correlates with insulin resistance and obesity in humans. Recently, we found that 7% of the Japanese population with the minor allele sequence (A) of rs77060950 exhibit higher levels of serum vaspin. We therefore evaluated the serum vaspin levels in Japanese chronic hemodialysis patients.
    Methods: Healthy Japanese control volunteers (control; n = 95, 49.9 +/- 6.91 years) and Japanese patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy (HD; n = 138, 51.4 +/- 10.5 years) were enrolled in this study, and serum samples were subjected to the human vaspin RIA system.
    Results: The measurement of the serum vaspin levels demonstrated that a fraction of control subjects (n = 5) and HD patients (n = 11) exhibited much higher levels (&gt; 10 ng/ml; Vaspin(High) group), while the rest of the population exhibited lower levels (&lt; 3 ng/ml; Vaspin(Low) group). By comparing the patients in the Vaspin(Low) group, the serum vaspin levels were found to be significantly higher in the control subjects (0.87 +/- 0.24 ng/ml) than in the HD patients (0.32 +/- 0.15 ng/ml) (p &lt; 0.0001). In the stepwise regression analyses, the serum creatinine and triglyceride levels were found to be independently and significantly associated with the vaspin concentrations in all subjects.
    Conclusions: The creatinine levels are negatively correlated with the serum vaspin levels and were significantly reduced in the Japanese HD patients in the Vaspin(Low) group.

    DOI: 10.1186/1471-2369-13-163

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  • Case of emphysematous cholecystitis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus associated with schizophrenia 査読

    Ayu Ogawa, Kenichi Shikata, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Susumu Shinoura, Naosuke Yokomichi, Daisuke Ogawa, Chicage Sato-Horiguchi, Takahito Yagi, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION   3 ( 6 )   534 - 535   2012年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Emphysematous cholecystitis is a rare, but life-threatening, form of acute cholecystitis caused by gas-forming organisms in the gallbladder. A 73-year-old male patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy associated with schizophrenia was admitted to Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan, because of a high fever and general malaise. On the fourth hospital day, despite normal liver function tests and little abdominal pain, his abdominal computed tomography showed huge gas formation in the gallbladder lumen along with a dilated gallbladder with a thickened wall, consistent with emphysematous cholecystitis. The patient underwent an emergency open cholecystectomy. Few abdominal symptoms appeared because of the hyposensitivity to pain caused by not only diabetic neuropathy, but also antipsychotic agents the patient was taking for schizophrenia. Emphysematous cholecystitis should be taken into consideration for the differential diagnosis of high fever in diabetic patients with schizophrenia, irrespective of the level of liver function tests and clinical symptoms. (J Diabetes Invest, doi: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00232. x, 2012)

    DOI: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00232.x

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  • Vaspin Is an Adipokine Ameliorating ER Stress in Obesity as a Ligand for Cell-Surface GRP78/MTJ-1 Complex 査読

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Izumi Iseda, Sanae Teshigawara, Kanji Higashio, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Kazuyuki Hida, Jun Eguchi, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Yasushi Matsuki, Ryuji Hiramatsu, Hideo Yagita, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES   61 ( 11 )   2823 - 2832   2012年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    It is unknown whether adipokines derived from adipose tissues modulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced in obesity. Here, we show that visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) binds to cell-surface 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), which is recruited from ER to plasma membrane under ER stress. Vaspin transgenic mice were protected from diet-induced obesity, glucose intolerance, and hepatic steatosis, while vaspin-deficient mice developed glucose intolerance associated with upregulation of ER stress markers. With tandem affinity tag purification using HepG2 cells, we identified GRP78 as an interacting molecule. The complex formation of vaspin, GRP78, and murine tumor cell DnaJ-like protein 1 (MTJ-1) (DnaJ homolog, subfamily C, member 1) on plasma membrane was confirmed by cell-surface labeling with biotin and immunoprecipitation in liver tissues and H-4-II-E-C3 cells. The addition of recombinant human vaspin in the cultured H-4-II-E-C3 cells also increased the phosphorylation of Akt and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in a dose-dependent manner, and anti-GRP78 antibodies completely abrogated the vaspin-induced upregulation of pAkt and pAMPK Vaspin is a novel ligand for cell-surface GRP78/MTJ-1 complex, and its subsequent signals exert beneficial effects on ER stress-induced metabolic dysfunctions. Diabetes 61:2823-2832, 2012

    DOI: 10.2337/db12-0232

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  • Activation of Liver X Receptor Inhibits Osteopontin and Ameliorates Diabetic Nephropathy 査読

    Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Yuichi Matsushita, Dennis Bruemmer, Jun Wada, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Eguchi, Chikage Sato-Horiguchi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   23 ( 11 )   1835 - 1846   2012年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC NEPHROLOGY  

    Osteopontin is a proinflammatory cytokine and monocyte chemoattractant implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Synthetic agonists for liver X receptors (LXRs) suppress the expression of proinflammatory genes, including osteopontin, but whether LXR activation modulates diabetic nephropathy is unknown. We administered the LXR agonist T0901317 to mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and evaluated its effects on diabetic nephropathy. The LXR agonist decreased urinary albumin excretion without altering blood glucose levels and substantially attenuated macrophage infiltration, mesangial matrix accumulation, and interstitial fibrosis. LXR activation suppressed the gene expression of inflammatory mediators, including osteopontin, in the kidney cortex. In vitro, LXR activation suppressed osteopontin expression in proximal tubular epithelial cells by inhibiting AP-1-dependent transcriptional activation of the osteopontin promoter. Taken together, these results suggest that inhibition of renal osteopontin by LXR agonists may have therapeutic potential for diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2012010022

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  • Hydrogen-rich water prevents progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and accompanying hepatocarcinogenesis in mice 査読

    Daisuke Kawai, Akinobu Takaki, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Naofumi Tamaki, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Kazuko Koike, Ryuichiro Tsuzaki, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Yasuhiro Miyake, Hidenori Shiraha, Manabu Morita, Hirofumi Makino, Kazuhide Yamamoto

    HEPATOLOGY   56 ( 3 )   912 - 921   2012年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Oxidative stress is a strong contributor to the progression from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Molecular hydrogen is an effective antioxidant that reduces cytotoxic reactive oxygen species. In this study, we investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water and the drug pioglitazone on the progression of NASH in mouse models. A methionine-cholinedeficient (MCD) diet mouse model was prepared. Mice were divided into three experimental groups and fed for 8 weeks as follows: (1) MCD diet + control water (CW group); (2) MCD diet + hydrogen-rich water (HW group); and (3) MCD diet mixed with pioglitazone (PGZ group). Plasma alanine aminotransferase levels, hepatic expression of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-6, fatty acid synthesisrelated genes, oxidative stress biomarker 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and apoptosis marker terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferasemediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL)positive cells in the liver were decreased in the HW and PGZ groups. The HW group showed a smaller decrease in hepatic cholesterol; however, stronger antioxidative effects in serum and lower peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-a expression in the liver were seen in comparison with the PGZ group. We then investigated the effects of hydrogen in the prevention of hepatocarcinogenesis in STAM mice, known as the NASH-related hepatocarcinogenesis model. Eight-week-old male STAM mice were divided into three experimental groups as follows: (1) control water (CW-STAM); (2) hydrogen-rich water (HW-STAM); and (3) pioglitazone (PGZ-STAM). After 8 weeks, hepatic tumors were evaluated. The number of tumors was significantly lower in the HW-STAM and PGZ-STAM groups than in the CW-STAM group. The maximum tumor size was smaller in the HW-STAM group than in the other groups. Conclusion: Consumption of hydrogen-rich water may be an effective treatment for NASH by reducing hepatic oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammation, and hepatocarcinogenesis. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;56:912921)

    DOI: 10.1002/hep.25782

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  • Serum Vaspin Concentrations Are Closely Related to Insulin Resistance, and rs77060950 at SERPINA12 Genetically Defines Distinct Group with Higher Serum Levels in Japanese Population 査読

    Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Wada, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Izumi Iseda, Yuichi Matsushita, Nobuyuki Miyatake, John F. McDonald, Kikuko Hotta, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM   97 ( 7 )   E1202 - E1207   2012年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    Context: Vaspin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing effects identified from visceral adipose tissues of genetically obese rats.
    Objective: We investigated genetic and nongenetic factors that define serum concentrations of vaspin.
    Design, Setting and Participants: Vaspin levels were measured with RIA in Japanese subjects with normal fasting plasma glucose (NFG; n = 259) and type 2 diabetes patients (T2D; n = 275). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at SERPINA12 (vaspin) gene locus were discovered, and five SNP were genotyped in the subjects with varied body mass index (n = 1138).
    Results: The level of serum vaspin in 93% of the samples was found to vary from 0.2 to nearly 2 ng/ml in NFG subjects (n = 259) and from 0.2 to nearly 3 ng/ml in T2D patients (n = 275) (Vaspin(Low) group), whereas a significant subpopulation (7%) in both groups displayed much higher levels of 10-40 ng/ml (Vaspin(High) group). In the Vaspin(Low) group, serum vaspin levels in T2D were significantly higher than healthy subjects (0.99 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.86 +/- 0.02 ng/ml; P &lt; 0.01). Both in T2D and genotyped Japanese population, serum vaspin levels closely correlated with homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance rather than anthropometric parameters. By genotyping, rs77060950 tightly linked to serum vaspin levels, i.e. CC (0.6 +/- 0.4 ng/ml), CA (18.4 +/- 9.6 ng/ml), and AA (30.5 +/- 5.1 ng/ml) (P &lt; 2 x 10(-16)). Putative GATA-2 and GATA-3 binding consensus site was found at rs77060950.
    Conclusions: Serum vaspin levels were related to insulin resistance, and higher levels of serum vaspin in 7% of the Japanese population are closely linked to minor allele sequence (A) of rs77060950. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97: E1202-E1207, 2012)

    DOI: 10.1210/jc.2011-3297

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  • Association between type 2 diabetes genetic susceptibility loci and visceral and subcutaneous fat area as determined by computed tomography 査読

    Kikuko Hotta, Aya Kitamoto, Takuya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Hajime Teranishi, Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Takahiro Nakamura, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   57 ( 5 )   305 - 310   2012年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in the development of several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes have been identified by genome-wide association studies. To examine the association of type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci and visceral fat accumulation, we genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women), who underwent computed tomography for measurements of visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): NOTCH2 rs10923931, THADA rs7578597, PPARG rs1801282, ADAMTS9 rs4607103, IGF2BP2 rs1470579, VEGFA rs9472138, JAZF1 rs864745, CDKN2A/CDKN2B rs564398 and rs10811661, HHEX rs1111875 and rs5015480, TCF7L2 rs7901695, KCNQ1 rs2237892, KCNJ11 rs5215 and rs5219, EXT2 rs1113132, rs11037909, and rs3740878, MTNR1B rs10830963, DCD rs1153188, TSPAN8/LGR5 rs7961581, and FTO rs8050136 and rs9939609. None of the above SNPs were significantly associated with VFA. The FTO rs8050136 and rs9939609 risk alleles exhibited significant associations with body mass index (BMI; P=0.00088 and P=0.0010, respectively) and SFA (P=0.00013 and P=0.00017, respectively). No other SNPs were significantly associated with BMI or SFA. Our results suggest that two SNPs in the FTO gene are associated with subcutaneous fat accumulation. The contributions of other SNPs are inconclusive because of a limitation of the sample power. Journal of Human Genetics (2012) 57, 305-310; doi:10.1038/jhg.2012.21; published online 1 March 2012

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2012.21

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  • RXR antagonism induces G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and ameliorates obesity by up-regulating the p53-p21(Cip1) pathway in adipocytes 査読

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Kazuyuki Hida, Aya Hida, Jun Eguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY   226 ( 5 )   784 - 795   2012年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) agonist, pioglitazone (PIO), exerts anti-diabetic properties associated with increased fat mass, whereas the retinoid X receptor (RXR) antagonist HX531 demonstrates anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects with reduced body weight and fat pad mass. The cell cycle abnormality in adipocytes has not been well-investigated in obesity or during treatment with modulators of nuclear receptors. We therefore investigated cell size and cell cycle distributions of adipocytes in vivo and examined the expression of cell cycle regulators in cultured human visceral preadipocytes. The cell size distribution and cell cycle analyses of in vivo adipocytes derived from OLETF rats demonstrated that HX531 brought about G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest associated with the inhibition of cellular hypertrophy, which resulted in the reduction of fat pad mass. In contrast, PIO promoted proliferation activities associated with the increase in M + late M:G(0) + G(1) ratio and the appearance of both small and hypertrophied adipocytes. In cultured human visceral preadipocytes HX531 up-regulated cell cycle regulators, p53, p21(Cip1), cyclin D1, Fbxw7 and Skp2, which are known contributors towards G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest. The knockdown of p53 with a shRNA lentivirus reversed the HX531-induced up-regulation of p21(Cip1), which is one of the major p53-effector molecules. We conclude that HX531 exerts anti-obesity and anti-diabetes properties by up-regulating the p53-p21(Cip1) pathway, resulting in G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest and the inhibition of cellular hypertrophy of adipocytes. Copyright (c) 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1002/path.3001

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  • Impact of circulating vaspin levels on metabolic variables in elderly twins 査読

    K. Hida, P. Poulsen, S. Teshigawara, E. Nilsson, M. Friedrichsen, R. Ribel-Madsen, L. Grunnet, S. S. Lund, J. Wada, A. Vaag

    DIABETOLOGIA   55 ( 2 )   530 - 532   2012年2月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    DOI: 10.1007/s00125-011-2385-0

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  • Galectin-9 and T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-3 Pathway Is a Therapeutic Target for Type 1 Diabetes 査読

    Motoko Kanzaki, Jun Wada, Koichi Sugiyama, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Eguchi, Hisaya Akiba, Hideo Yagita, Hirofumi Makino

    ENDOCRINOLOGY   153 ( 2 )   612 - 620   2012年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    Galectin-9 (Gal-9), a ligand for T cell Ig mucin-3 (Tim-3), induces apoptosis in cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)(+) Tim-3(+) T helper 1 (T(H)1) cells via the Gal-9-Tim-3 pathway and negatively regulates T(H)1 immunity. In turn, Gal-9 activates dendritic cells (DC) to produce TNF-alpha, which promotes the T(H)1 response. We investigated the efficacy of Gal-9 against T(H)1-mediated autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice and compared with anti-Tim-3 monoclonal antibody (RMT3-23), which inhibited the binding between Tim-3-Ig and Gal-9 in a solid-phase binding assay. mRNA expression of Gal-9 was prominently induced by the treatment of interferon-gamma in MIN6 cells, and Gal-9 was also expressed in the pancreatic beta-cells in NOD mice, suggesting Gal-9 may be released from pancreatic beta-cells to terminate T(H)1-mediated inflammation. Long-term injection of Gal-9 exhibits preventive efficacy for development of diabetes in NOD mice, but RMT3-23 demonstrated further prominent therapeutic potential compared with Gal-9. Gal-9 induced apoptosis of CD4(+)Tim-3(+) T(H)1 cells at the concentration of 0.2 mu M, whereas RMT3-23 failed to enhance the apoptosis of CD4(+)Tim-3(+) T(H)1 cells. In contrast, Gal-9 induced TNF-alpha production in cultured DC in a dose-dependent manner; however, RMT3-23 inhibited Gal-9-induced TNF-alpha production in a dose-dependent manner. Although Gal-9 exhibited certain therapeutic potential against autoimmune diabetes by enhancing apoptosis of CD4(+)Tim-3(+) T(H)1 cells, RMT3-23 exhibited prominent therapeutic efficacy by suppressing the TNF-alpha production and activation of DC. Taken together, the inhibition of the Gal-9-Tim-3 pathway on DC, upstream of T(H)1 response, may be a new target for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. (Endocrinology 153: 612-620, 2012)

    DOI: 10.1210/en.2011-1579

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  • Genetic variations in the CYP17A1 and NT5C2 genes are associated with a reduction in visceral and subcutaneous fat areas in Japanese women 査読

    Kikuko Hotta, Aya Kitamoto, Takuya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Hajime Teranishi, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Takahiro Nakamura, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   57 ( 1 )   46 - 51   2012年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in increasing the morbidity and mortality rates, by increasing the risk of developing several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that are associated with increased systolic and diastolic blood pressures have been identified by genome-wide association studies in Caucasian populations. This study investigates whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to high blood pressure are also associated with visceral fat obesity. We genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women) who underwent computed tomography for measuring the visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) at the following SNPs: FGF5 rs16998073, CACNB2 rs11014166, C10orf107 rs1530440, CYP17A1 rs1004467, NT5C2 rs11191548, PLEKHA7 rs381815, ATP2B1 rs2681472 and rs2681492, ARID3B rs6495112, CSK rs1378942, PLCD3 rs12946454, and ZNF652 rs16948048. In an additive model, risk alleles of the CYP17A1 rs1004467 and NT5C2 rs11191548 were found to be significantly associated with reduced SFA (P=0.00011 and 0.0016, respectively). When the analysis was performed separately in men and women, significant associations of rs1004467 (additive model) and rs11191548 (recessive model) with reduced VFA (P=0.0018 and 0.0022, respectively) and SFA (P=0.00039 and 0.00059, respectively) were observed in women, but not in men. Our results suggest that polymorphisms in the CYP17A1 and NT5C2 genes influence a reduction in both visceral and subcutaneous fat mass in Japanese women. Journal of Human Genetics (2012) 57, 46-51; doi: 10.1038/jhg.2011.127; published online 10 November 2011

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  • Telmisartan Attenuates Diabetic Nephropathy by Suppressing Oxidative Stress in db/db Mice 査読

    Chikage Sato-Horiguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada, Hiromi Tachibana, Ryo Kodera, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Naoto Terami, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    NEPHRON EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   121 ( 3-4 )   E97 - E108   2012年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KARGER  

    Background/Aims: Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, is widely used to treat hypertension and kidney diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, because of its renoprotective effects. However, the mechanism by which telmisartan prevents proteinuria and renal dysfunction in diabetic nephropathy is still unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of telmisartan against diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice. Methods: Telmisartan was administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day for 3 weeks to db/db (diabetic) and db/m (control) mice. Urinary albumin excretion, renal histology, and the gene expression of oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in renal tissue were determined. To evaluate the effects of telmisartan on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, superoxide was detected by dihydroethidium (DHE) staining in vivo and in vitro. Results: Telmisartan reduced albuminuria, mesangial matrix expansion, macrophage infiltration, and the expression of ROS markers (NADPH oxidase 4- and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine) and inflammatory cytokines (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, osteopontin, and transforming growth factor-beta) in the kidney. DHE staining showed that telmisartan decreased ROS generation in the kidney and in cultured mesangial and proximal tubular epithelial cells. Conclusions: Taken together, these findings indicate that telmisartan protects against diabetic nephropathy by reducing diabetes-induced oxidative stress. Copyright (c) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel

    DOI: 10.1159/000343102

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  • The therapeutic potential of synthetic human atrial natriuretic peptide in nephrotic syndrome: A randomized controlled trial 査読

    Kanzaki, M., Wada, J., Kikumoto, Y., Akagi, S., Nakao, K., Sugiyama, H., Makino, H.

    International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease   5   91 - 6   2012年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S32191

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  • A Case of Type 2 Diabetes and Metastatic Liver Cancer Exhibiting Hypercholesterolemia with Abnormal Lipoproteins 査読

    Motoko Kanzaki, Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Junichiro Nasu, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hirofumi Makino

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   51 ( 6 )   619 - 623   2012年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Although the appearance of abnormal lipoproteins in liver diseases is well known, the precise analyses of abnormal lipoproteins remain elusive. Here, we report a 71-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes whose serum cholesterol levels were elevated to 560 mg/dL over a 4-month period. High-performance liquid chromatography demonstrated the presence of lipoprotein-X and lipoprotein-Y and sigmoid colon cancer and multiple liver metastases were found by colonoscopy and computed tomography. Remission of the primary colon cancer and liver lesions was achieved by chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and fluorouracil and her serum cholesterol went back to basal levels associated with the disappearance of abnormal lipoproteins.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.51.6486

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  • Computed tomography analysis of the association between the SH2B1 rs7498665 single-nucleotide polymorphism and visceral fat area 査読

    Kikuko Hotta, Takuya Kitamoto, Aya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   56 ( 10 )   716 - 719   2011年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in increasing morbidity and mortality rate by increasing the risk of developing several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of obesity have been identified by genome-wide association studies in Caucasian populations. We genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women), who underwent computed tomography (CT) for measuring visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA), for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): NEGR1 rs2815752, SEC16B rs10913469, TMEM18 rs6548238, ETV5 rs7647305, GNPDA2 rs10938397, BDNF rs6265 and rs925946, MTCH2 rs10838738, SH2B1 rs7498665, MAF rs1424233, and KCTD15 rs29941 and rs11084753. In the additive model, none of the SNPs were significantly associated with body mass index (BMI). The SH2B1 rs7498665 risk allele was found to be significantly associated with VFA (P=0.00047) but not with BMI or SFA. When the analysis was performed in men and women separately, no significant associations with VFA were observed (P=0.0099 in men and P=0.022 in women). None of the other SNPs were significantly associated with SFA. Our results suggest that there is a VFA-specific genetic factor and that a polymorphism in the SH2B1 gene influences the risk of visceral fat accumulation. Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 56, 716-719; doi:10.1038/jhg.2011.86; published online 28 July 2011

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2011.86

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  • Two novel mutations of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) gene and the influence of APOE genotypes on clinical manifestations 査読

    Katayama, A., Wada, J., Kataoka, H.U., Yamasaki, H., Teshigawara, S., Terami, T., Inoue, K., Kanzaki, M., Murakami, K., Nakatsuka, A., Sugiyama, H., Koide, N., Bujo, H., Makino, H.

    NDT Plus   4 ( 5 )   299 - 302   2011年10月

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1093/ndtplus/sfr091

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  • Association of variations in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes with metabolic syndrome in a Japanese population 査読

    Kikuko Hotta, Takuya Kitamoto, Aya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   56 ( 9 )   647 - 651   2011年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of multiple risk factors, including central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance, that increase cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Genetic factors are important in the development of metabolic syndrome, as are environmental factors. However, the genetic background of metabolic syndrome is not yet fully clarified. There is evidence that obesity and obesity-related phenotypes are associated with variations in several genes, including NEGR1, SEC16B, TMEM18, ETV5, GNPDA2, BDNF, MTCH2, SH2B1, FTO, MAF, MC4R, KCTD15, SCG3, MTMR9, TFAP2B, MSRA, LYPLAL1, GCKR and FADS1. To investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and variations in these genes in the Japanese population, we genotyped 33 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 genes from 1096 patients with metabolic syndrome and 581 control individuals who had no risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Four SNPs in the FTO gene were significantly related to metabolic syndrome: rs9939609 (P=0.00013), rs8050136 (P=0.00011), rs1558902 (P=6.6 x 10(-5)) and rs1421085 (P=7.4 x 10(-5)). rs3764220 in the SCG3 gene (P=0.0010) and rs2293855 in the MTMR9 gene (P=0.0015) were also significantly associated with metabolic syndrome. SNPs in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes had no SNP x SNP epistatic effects on metabolic syndrome. Our data suggest that genetic variations in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes independently influence the risk of metabolic syndrome. Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 56, 647-651; doi: 10.1038/jhg.2011.74; published online 28 July 2011

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  • Involvement of MAPKs in ICAM-1 Expression in Glomerular Endothelial Cells in Diabetic Nephropathy 査読

    Naomi Watanabe, Kenichi Shikata, Yasushi Shikata, Kei Sarai, Kazuyoshi Omori, Ryo Kodera, Chikage Sato, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   65 ( 4 )   247 - 257   2011年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways for induction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in glomerular endothelial cells under diabetic conditions. We examined the expression of ICAM-1 in the kidneys of experimental diabetic rats. Human glomerular endothelial cells (GE cells) were exposed to normal glucose concentration, high glucose concentration (HG), or high mannitol concentration (HM), and then the expression of the ICAM-1 protein and the phosphorylation of the 3 subfamilies of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were determined using Western blot analysis. Next, to evaluate the involvement of MAPKs in HG- or HM-induced ICAM-1 expression, we preincubated GE cells with the inhibitors for ERK, p38 or JNK 1h prior to the application of glucose or mannitol. Expression of ICAM-1 was increased in the glomeruli of diabetic rats. Both FIG and HM induced ICAM-1 expression and phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38 and JINX in GE cells. Expression of ICAM-1 was significantly attenuated by inhibitors of ERK, p38 and JNK. We conclude that activation of ERK1/2, p38 and JNK cascades may be involved in ICAM-1 expression in glomerular endothelial cells under diabetic conditions.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/46850

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  • Icodextrin Increases Technique Survival Rate in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy by Improving Body Fluid Management: A Randomized Controlled Trial 査読

    Yuji Takatori, Shigeru Akagi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Junko Inoue, Shoichiro Kojo, Hiroshi Morinaga, Kazushi Nakao, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   6 ( 6 )   1337 - 1344   2011年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC NEPHROLOGY  

    Background and objectives There are still controversies whether peritoneal dialysis (PD) with icodextrin preserves residual renal and peritoneal membrane functions in patients with diabetes. However, there are no randomized controlled and long-term clinical trials in newly started PD patients with diabetic nephropathy.
    Design, setting, participants, & measurements Forty-one patients with diabetic nephropathy with ESRD were enrolled and randomly assigned to the glucose group (GLU) treated with 8 L of 1.5% or 2.5% glucose or an icodextrin group (ICO) treated with 1.5 or 2.0 L of 7.5% icodextrin-containing solutions. Technique failure, body fluid management, glucose and lipid metabolism, and residual renal and peritoneal functions and were evaluated over 2 years.
    Results The technique survival rate was 71.4% in ICo and 45.0% in GLU, with most of the technique failure due to volume overload. ICO showed significantly better cumulative technique survival. Net ultrafiltration volume was significantly higher in ICO throughout the study period. There were no beneficial effects of icodextrin on hemoglobin A1c, glycoalbumin, and lipid profile at 24 months. Urine volume and residual renal function declined faster in ICO, but there were no significant differences between the two groups. For peritoneal function, no differences were observed in dialysis-to-plasma creatinine ratios during the observation.
    Conclusions In PD therapy for diabetic nephropathy, the use of icodextrin-containing solutions has a beneficial effect on technique survival, but there are no apparent benefits or disadvantages in residual renal and peritoneal functions compared with conventional PD with glucose solution. Clin J An, Soc Nephrol 6: 1337-1344, 2011. doi: 10.2215/CJN.10041110

    DOI: 10.2215/CJN.10041110

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  • Emphysematous Cystitis in a Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 査読

    Noriko Toyota, Daisuke Ogawa, Keita Ishii, Kyoji Hirata, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   65 ( 2 )   129 - 133   2011年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    A 62-year-old woman with a history of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital with a 3-week history of mild fever, vomiting, and anorexia. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral hydronephrosis and gas accumulation in the urinary bladder wall and left ureter. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level. Urine culture showed heavy growth of Escherichia coli. The final diagnosis was emphysematous cystitis. The patient was treated with systemic antibiotics and drainage using a urethral catheter. The clinical and radiographic findings resolved rapidly, and she was discharged from the hospital on day 28. Emphysematous cystitis is a relatively rare urinary tract infection associated with gas formation, and has the potential for a serious outcome if untreated. Early detection by imaging studies such as CT is important in providing prompt treatment and favorable clinical outcome.

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  • Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 plays a critical role in glomerulosclerosis after subtotal nephrectomy 査読

    Yuichi Kido, Daisuke Ogawa, Kenichi Shikata, Motofumi Sasaki, Ryo Nagase, Shinichi Okada, Hitomi Usui Kataoka, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   15 ( 2 )   212 - 219   2011年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Hyperfiltration in the glomeruli have been considered to be an important cause of glomerular injury; however, the role of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis is not known.
    To elucidate the effects of ICAM-1 depletion on hyperfiltration-induced glomerular disorder, we used subtotally nephrectomized ICAM-1(+/+) and ICAM-1(-/-) mice. We evaluated macrophage infiltration, mesangial matrix expansion, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and type IV collagen accumulation in glomeruli.
    Macrophage infiltration into the glomeruli and mesangial matrix expansion coincident with increased expression of both ICAM-1 and TGF-beta, and accumulation of type IV collagen were ameliorated in subtotally nephrectomized ICAM-1(-/-) mice compared to ICAM-1(+/+) mice. ICAM-1 depletion significantly reduced hyperfiltration-induced glomerular injury after renal ablation.
    Our present findings suggest that glomerular hyperfiltration is the leading cause of glomerulosclerosis, and it is mediated, at least in part, by ICAM-1 expression and macrophage infiltration.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-010-0388-7

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  • The Macrophage Is a Key Factor in Renal Injuries Caused by Glomerular Hyperfiltration 査読

    Motofumi Sasaki, Kenichi Shikata, Shinichi Okada, Satoshi Miyamoto, Shingo Nishishita, Hitomi Usui Kataoka, Chikage Sato, Jun Wada, Daisuke Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   65 ( 2 )   81 - 89   2011年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Glomerular hyperfiltration is a common pathway leading to glomerulosclerosis in various kinds of kidney diseases. The 5/6 renal ablation is an established experimental animal model for glomerular hyperfiltration. On the other hand, low-grade inflammation is also a common mechanism for the progression of kidney diseases including diabetic nephropathy and atherosclerosis. Here we analyzed the gene expression profile in the remnant kidney tissues of 5/6 nephrectomized mice using a DNA microarmy system and compared it with that of sham-operated control mice. The 5/6 nephrectomized mice showed glomerular hypertrophy and an increase in the extracellular matrix in the glomeruli. DNA microarray analysis indicated the up-regulated expression of various kinds of genes related to the inflammatory process in remnant kidneys. We confirmed the up-regulated expression of platelet factor-4, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, 2, and 5 in remnant kidneys by RT-PCR. The current results; suggest that the inflammatory process is involved in the progression of glomerulosclerosis and is a common pathway of the pathogenesis of kidney disease.

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  • Activation of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor delta Inhibits Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Nephropathy Through Anti-Inflammatory Mechanisms in Mice 査読

    Yuichi Matsushita, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada, Noriko Yamamoto, Kenichi Shikata, Chikage Sato, Hiromi Tachibana, Noriko Toyota, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES   60 ( 3 )   960 - 968   2011年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    OBJECTIVE-Activation of the nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-delta has been shown to improve insulin resistance, adiposity, and plasma HDL levels. Several studies have reported that activation of PPAR delta is atheroprotective; however, the role of PPAR delta in renal function remains unclear. Here, we report the renoprotective effects of PPAR delta activation in a model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy.
    RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Eight-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups: 1) nondiabetic control mice, 2) diabetic mice, and,9) diabetic mice treated with the PPAR delta agonist GW0742 (1 mg/kg/day). GW0742 was administered by gavage for 8 weeks after inducing diabetes.
    RESULTS-GW0742 decreased urinary albumin excretion without altering blood glucose levels. Macrophage infiltration, mesangial matrix accumulation, and type IV collagen deposition were substantially attenuated by GW0742. The gene expression of inflammatory mediators in the kidney cortex, such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and osteopontin (OPN), was also suppressed. In vitro studies demonstrated that PPAR delta activation increased the expression of anti-inflammatory corepressor B-cell lymphoma-6, which subsequently suppressed MCP-1 and OPN expression.
    CONCLUSIONS-These findings uncover a previously unrecognized mechanism for the renoprotective effects of PPAR delta agonists and support the concept that PPAR delta agonists may offer a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes 60:960-968, 2011

    DOI: 10.2337/db10-1361

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  • P-Selectin Glycoprotein Ligand-1 Deficiency Is Protective Against Obesity-Related Insulin Resistance 査読

    Chikage Sato, Kenichi Shikata, Daisho Hirota, Motofumi Sasaki, Shingo Nishishita, Satoshi Miyamoto, Ryo Kodera, Daisuke Ogawa, Atsuhito Tone, Hitomi Usui Kataoka, Jun Wada, Nobuo Kajitani, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES   60 ( 1 )   189 - 199   2011年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    OBJECTIVE An inflammatory process is involved in the mechanism of obesity-related insulin resistance. Recent studies indicate that monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a major chemokine that promotes monocyte infiltration into adipose tissues; however, the adhesion pathway in adipose tissues remains unclear. We aimed to clarify the adhesion molecules that mediate monocyte infiltration into adipose tissue.
    RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used a DNA microarray to compare the gene expression profiles in epididymal white adipose tissues (eWAT) between db/db mice and C57/BL6 mice each fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or a low-fat diet (LFD). We investigated the change of insulin resistance and inflammation in eWAT in P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) homozygous knockout (PSGL-1(-/-)) mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice fed HFD.
    RESULTS DNA microarray analysis revealed that PSGL-1, a major ligand for selectins, is upregulated in eWAT from both db/db mice and WT mice fed HFD. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry showed that PSGL-1 is expressed on both endothelial cells and macrophages in eWAT of obese mice. PSGL-1-/- mice fed HFD showed a remarkable reduction of macrophage accumulation and expression of proinflammatory genes, including MCP-1 in eWAT. Moreover, adipocyte hypertrophy, insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, and hepatic fatty change were improved in PSGL-1-/- mice compared with WT mice fed HFD.
    CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that PSGL-1 is a crucial adhesion molecule for the recruitment of monocytes into adipose tissues in obese mice, making it a candidate for a novel therapeutic target for the prevention of obesity-related insulin resistance. Diabetes 60:189-199, 2011

    DOI: 10.2337/db09-1894

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  • Discovery of Genes Related to Diabetic Nephropathy in Various Animal Models by Current Techniques 査読

    Jun Wada, Lin Sun, Yashpal S. Kanwar

    EXPERIMENTAL MODELS FOR RENAL DISEASES: PATHOGENESIS AND DIAGNOSIS   169   161 - 174   2011年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:KARGER  

    One of the major problems facing clinical nephrology currently throughout the world is an exponential increase in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which is largely related to a high incidence of diabetic nephropathy. The latter is characterized by a multitude of metabolic and signaling events following excessive channeling of glucose, which leads to an increased synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoproteins resulting in glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis and ultimately ESRD. With the incidence of nephropathy at pandemic levels and a high rate of ESRD, physicians around the world must treat a disproportionately large number of diabetic patients with up-to-date innovative measures. In this regard, identification of genes that are crucially involved in the progression of diabetic nephropathy would enhance the discovery of new biomarkers and could also promote the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Over the last decade, we focused on the recent methodologies of high-throughput and genome-wide screening for identification of relevant genes in various animal models, which included the following: (1) single nucleotide polymorphism-based genome-wide screening; (2) the transcriptome approach, such as differential display reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (DDRT-PCR), representational difference analysis of cDNA (cDNA-RDA)/suppressive subtractive hybridization, SAGE (serial analysis of gene expression) and DNA Microarray; and (3) the proteomic approach and 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) coupled with mass spectroscopic analysis. Several genes, such as Tim44 (translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane-44), RSOR/MIOX (renal specific oxidoreductase/myo-inositol oxygenate), UbA52, Rap1b (Ras-related GTPase), gremlin, osteopontin, hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-3 beta isotype 4 and those of the Wnt signaling pathway, were identified as differentially expressed genes in kidneys of diabetic rodents. Functional analysis of these genes and the subsequent translational research in the clinical settings would be very valuable in the prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Future trends for identification of the biomarkers and therapeutic target genes should also include genome scale DNA/histonemethylation profiling, metabolomic approaches (e.g. metabolic phenotyping by 1H spectroscopy) and lectin microarray for glycan profiling along with the development of robust data-mining strategies. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

    DOI: 10.1159/000313951

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  • High Glucose Increases Metallothionein Expression in Renal Proximal Tubular Epithelial Cells 査読

    Daisuke Ogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Hiromi Tachibana, Jun Wada, Norio Sogawa, Takeshi Sugaya, Shinji Kitamura, Yohei Maeshima, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    EXPERIMENTAL DIABETES RESEARCH   2011年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION  

    Metallothionein(MT) is an intracellular metal-binding, cysteine-rich protein, and is a potent antioxidant that protects cells and tissues from oxidative stress. Although the major isoforms MT-1 and -2 (MT-1/-2) are highly inducible in many tissues, the distribution and role of MT-1/-2 in diabetic nephropathy are poorly understood. In this study, diabetes was induced in adult male rats by streptozotocin, and renal tissues were stained with antibodies for MT-1/-2. MT-1/-2 expression was also evaluated in mProx24 cells, a mouse renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line, stimulated with high glucose medium and pretreated with the antioxidant vitamin E. MT-1/-2 expression was gradually and dramatically increased, mainly in the proximal tubular epithelial cells and to a lesser extent in the podocytes in diabetic rats, but was hardly observed in control rats. MT-1/-2 expression was also increased by high glucose stimulation in mProx24 cells. Because the induction of MT was suppressed by pretreatment with vitamin E, the expression of MT-1/-2 is induced, at least in part, by high glucose-induced oxidative stress. These observations suggest that MT-1/-2 is induced in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant to protect the kidney from oxidative stress, and may offer a novel therapeutic target against diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1155/2011/534872

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  • [Obesity: Progress in diagnosis and treatment; Topics, IV. Recent topics: 3. Obesity and new secretory factors; 1) Vaspin].

    Wada, J., Teshigawara, S., Nakatsuka, A., Makino, H.

    Nihon Naika Gakkai zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine   100 ( 4 )   2011年

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