Updated on 2021/11/05

写真a

 
WADA Jun
 
Organization
Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences Professor
Position
Professor
External link

Degree

  • 医学博士

Research Interests

  • 腎臓病学

  • Nephrology

  • 糖尿病

  • Diabetes Mellitus

Research Areas

  • Life Science / Nephrology

  • Life Science / Metabolism and endocrinology

Education

  • Okayama University   医学研究科   内科学第三講座

    - 1992

      More details

    Country: Japan

    researchmap

  • Okayama University   Medical School  

    - 1988

      More details

    Country: Japan

    researchmap

Research History

  • Okayama University   Graduate School of Medicine , Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences   Professor

    2015.8

      More details

  • Okayama University   Graduate School of Medicine , Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences   Associate Professor

    2010.1 - 2015.7

      More details

  • 文部科学省研究振興局   学術調査官

    2006.8 - 2008.7

      More details

  • Northwestern University Medical School   Department of Pathology   Research Associate

    1992.10 - 1996.11

      More details

    Country:United States

    researchmap

Professional Memberships

▼display all

Committee Memberships

  • 日本腎臓学会   理事  

    2020.4   

      More details

  • 日本糖尿病合併症学会   評議員  

    2017.10   

      More details

  • 日本動脈硬化学会   評議員  

    2017.6   

      More details

  • 膵臓移植地域適応検討委員会   委員  

    2016.5   

      More details

    Committee type:Academic society

    researchmap

  • 日本内科学会   評議員  

    2016.4   

      More details

    Committee type:Academic society

    日本内科学会

    researchmap

  • 日本糖尿病・肥満動物学会   評議員  

    2015.3   

      More details

  • 日本腎臓学会   評議員  

    2013.1   

      More details

    Committee type:Academic society

    researchmap

  • 日本病態栄養学会   学術評議員  

    2011.4   

      More details

    Committee type:Academic society

    researchmap

  • 日本肥満学会   評議員  

    2007.10   

      More details

    Committee type:Academic society

    researchmap

  • 日本糖尿病学会   評議員  

    2004   

      More details

    Committee type:Academic society

    日本糖尿病学会

    researchmap

▼display all

 

Papers

  • Kidney Outcomes Associated With SGLT2 Inhibitors Versus Other Glucose-Lowering Drugs in Real-world Clinical Practice: The Japan Chronic Kidney Disease Database

    Hajime Nagasu, Yuichiro Yano, Hiroshi Kanegae, Hiddo J.L. Heerspink, Masaomi Nangaku, Yosuke Hirakawa, Yuka Sugawara, Naoki Nakagawa, Yuji Tani, Jun Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Toshiaki Nakano, Shoichi Maruyama, Takashi Wada, Kunihiro Yamagata, Ichiei Narita, Kouichi Tamura, Motoko Yanagita, Yoshio Terada, Takashi Shigematsu, Tadashi Sofue, Takafumi Ito, Hirokazu Okada, Naoki Nakashima, Hiromi Kataoka, Kazuhiko Ohe, Mihoko Okada, Seiji Itano, Akira Nishiyama, Eiichiro Kanda, Kohjiro Ueki, Naoki Kashihara

    Diabetes Care   44 ( 11 )   2542 - 2551   2021.11

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:American Diabetes Association  

    DOI: 10.2337/dc21-1081

    researchmap

  • Blood concentrations of tacrolimus upon conversion from rabeprazole to vonoprazan in renal transplant recipients: Correlation with cytochrome P450 gene polymorphisms. International journal

    Shogo Watari, Motoo Araki, Jun Matsumoto, Kasumi Yoshinaga, Takanori Sekito, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Koichiro Wada, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masashi Kitagawa, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Noritaka Ariyoshi, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    Drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics   40   100407 - 100407   2021.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Elsevier BV  

    We evaluated the impact of vonoprazan on blood concentrations of tacrolimus via a retrospective analysis of 52 renal transplant recipients who took tacrolimus and converted from rabeprazole to vonoprazan between August 2018 and September 2019. We compared tacrolimus trough levels upon conversion among groups that were classified based on cytochrome P450 (CYP) gene polymorphisms. CYP3A5 groups were heterozygous or homozygous for CYP3A5∗1 and CYP3A5∗3 alleles. CYP2C19 genotypes were classified as extensive (∗1/∗1), intermediate (∗1/∗2 and ∗1/∗3) or poor metabolizers (∗2/∗2, ∗2/∗3 and ∗3/∗3). Tacrolimus trough levels increased only 0.3 ng/mL upon conversion in the CYP3A5∗3/∗3 group: 5.8 [3.4-7.2] vs 6.1 [3.8-7.9]; p = 0.06. No statistically significance changes in tacrolimus levels also occurred in the CYP3A5∗1/∗1 or CYP3A5∗1/∗3 groups. Subgroup analyses of CYP3A5∗3/∗3 demonstrated low changes for all three CYP2C19 subgroups: 5.2 [4.3-6.5] vs 6.2 [4.3-7.9]; p = 0.07, 6.1 [3.4-7.2] vs 6.7 [4.6-7.9]; p = 0.12 and 5.4 [3.6-6.5] vs 4.7 [3.8-6.3]; p = 1.00, respectively. Conversion to vonoprazan thus resulted in little increase of tacrolimus trough levels, even in the group predicted to be most susceptible (CYP3A5∗3/∗3 and 2C19∗1/∗1), thus supporting the safety of concomitant use of vonoprazan with tacrolimus.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.dmpk.2021.100407

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Commentary on Intraglumerular dysfunction predicts kidney failure in the type 2 diabetes

    Jun Wada

    Journal of Diabetes Investigation   2021.9

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13655

    researchmap

    Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1111/jdi.13655

  • Presence of decoy cells for 6 months on urine cytology efficiently predicts BK virus nephropathy in renal transplant recipients. International journal

    Takanori Sekito, Motoo Araki, Kasumi Yoshinaga, Yuki Maruyama, Takuya Sadahira, Shingo Nishimura, Koichiro Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hidemi Takeuchi, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Hiroyuki Yanai, Yasutomo Nasu

    International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association   2021.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between duration of consecutive presence of decoy cells on urine cytology and BK virus nephropathy after kidney transplantation. METHODS: In total, 121 kidney transplant recipients were retrospectively evaluated. The best duration of consecutive presence of decoy cells that could be used to predict BK virus nephropathy was analyzed using the area under the curve for each duration, and recipients were divided into two groups based on the best predictive performance. The effectiveness of SV40 immunostaining on urinary cytology was also analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 2534 urine specimens as well as SV40 immunostaining in 2241 urine specimens were analyzed. Six consecutive months of decoy cell positivity had the best predictive performance for BK virus nephropathy (area under the curve = 0.832). The incidence of BK virus nephropathy in recipients with positive decoy cells for 6 months or more consecutive months (5/44) was significantly higher than in those who had positive decoy cells for less than 6 months (0/77; P = 0.005). Decoy cell positivity had a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for BK virus nephropathy of 100%, 66%, 11%, and 100% respectively. SV40 immunostaining provided slightly better specificity (68%) and positive predictive value (12%). CONCLUSIONS: The detection of decoy cells at 6 months or more on urine cytology had high predictive value for BK virus nephropathy in kidney transplant recipients. SV40 immunostaining on urine cytology added minimal diagnostic accuracy.

    DOI: 10.1111/iju.14679

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Longitudinal observation of insulin secretory ability before and after the onset of immune checkpoint inhibitor‐induced diabetes mellitus: A report of two cases

    Noriko Fujiwara, Mayu Watanabe, Akihiro Katayama, Yohei Noda, Jun Eguchi, Hitomi Kataoka, Shunsuke Kagawa, Jun Wada

    Clinical Case Reports   9 ( 9 )   2021.9

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/ccr3.4574

    researchmap

    Other Link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/ccr3.4574

  • Upregulation of Mir342 in Diet-Induced Obesity Mouse and the Hypothalamic Appetite Control

    Dongxiao Zhang, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Xinhao Zhang, Boxuan Yang, Naoko Kurooka, Ryosuke Sugawara, Haya Hamed H. Albuayjan, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Takeshi Y. Hiyama, Atsunori Kamiya, Jun Wada

    Frontiers in Endocrinology   12   2021.8

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Frontiers Media SA  

    In obesity and type 2 diabetes, numerous genes are differentially expressed, and microRNAs are involved in transcriptional regulation of target mRNAs, but miRNAs critically involved in the appetite control are not known. Here, we identified upregulation of miR-342-3p and its host gene <italic>Evl</italic> in brain and adipose tissues in C57BL/6 mice fed with high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) chow by RNA sequencing. <italic>Mir342</italic> (-/-) mice fed with HFHS chow were protected from obesity and diabetes. The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus neurons co-express <italic>Mir342</italic> and EVL. The percentage of activated NPY<sup>+</sup>pSTAT3<sup>+</sup> neurons were reduced, while POMC<sup>+</sup>pSTAT3<sup>+</sup> neurons increased in <italic>Mir342</italic> (-/-) mice, and they demonstrated the reduction of food intake and amelioration of metabolic phenotypes. <italic>Snap25</italic> was identified as a major target gene of miR-342-3p and the reduced expression of <italic>Snap25</italic> may link to functional impairment hypothalamic neurons and excess of food intake. The inhibition of miR-342-3p may be a potential candidate for miRNA-based therapy.

    DOI: 10.3389/fendo.2021.727915

    researchmap

  • Kidney cyst infection through a fistula between bladder and retroperitoneal abscess in a polycystic kidney disease patient. International journal

    Takato Nakadoi, Kenji Tsuji, Takehiro Iwata, Eriko Eto, Hisashi Masuyama, Koji Tomita, Takao Hiraki, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)   2021.8

     More details

    Language:English  

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.13966

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Total vascular resistance, augmentation index, and augmentation pressure increase in patients with peripheral artery disease. International journal

    Rika Takemoto, Haruhito A Uchida, Hironobu Toda, Ken Okada, Fumio Otsuka, Hiroshi Ito, Jun Wada

    Medicine   100 ( 32 )   e26931   2021.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    ABSTRACT: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of major vascular diseases which frequently coexists with coronary arterial disease and cerebrovascular disease. The patients with PAD have a poor prognosis when it progresses. A new blood pressure testing device enables to simultaneously measure brachial blood pressure (BP), central BP, and several vascular parameters, with easy and non-invasive, in a short time. Here, we aimed to evaluate these arterial stiffness parameters in patients with PAD.In this study, 243 consecutive patients who were suspected of having PAD and referred to our hospital from September 2016 to June 2019, were registered. Several parameters, such as brachial BP, central BP, aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), total vascular resistance (TVR), augmentation index (AI) and augmentation pressure (AP), were determined by Mobil-O-Graph. Ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) was used to define PAD (ABI ≤ 0.9 as PAD). The relationship between PAD and central BP, aPWV, TVR, AI, or AP were investigated.One hundred sixty-two patients (67%) were categorized as the PAD group and 81 patients (33%) as the non-PAD group. In the PAD group, the systolic brachial BP and central systolic BP were significantly higher than those in the non-PAD group (138 ± 24 mmHg vs 131 ± 19 mmHg, P < .05, 125 ± 22 mmHg vs 119 ± 18 mmHg, P < .05, respectively). TVR, AI, and AP were significantly higher in the PAD group (1785 ± 379 dyn s/cm5 vs 1661 ± 317 dyn s/cm5, P < .05, 26.2 ± 13.0% vs 22.2 ± 13.3%, P < .05, 13.5 ± 9.4 mmHg vs 10.7 ± 7.2 mmHg, P < .05, respectively). No significant differences in diastolic BP, central diastolic BP, and aPWV were found between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that PAD was significantly associated with TVR, AI, and AP (P < .05, respectively).TVR/AP/AI were significantly higher in the PAD group than in the non-PAD group.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000026931

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Association of blood pressure and renal outcome in patients with chronic kidney disease; a post hoc analysis of FROM-J study. International journal

    Mariko Tsuchida-Nishiwaki, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Noriyuki Nishiwaki, Yohei Maeshima, Chie Saito, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Ichiei Narita, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Seiichi Matsuo, Hirofumi Makino, Akira Hishida, Kunihiro Yamagata

    Scientific reports   11 ( 1 )   14990 - 14990   2021.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    <title>Abstract</title>It is well-known that hypertension exacerbates chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, however, the optimal target blood pressure (BP) level in patients with CKD remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the optimal BP level for preventing CKD progression. The risk of renal outcome among different BP categories at baseline as well as 1 year after, were evaluated using individual CKD patient data aged between 40 and 74 years from FROM-J [Frontier of Renal Outcome Modifications in Japan] study. The renal outcome was defined as ≥ 40% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate to &lt; 60 mL/min/1.73 m<sup>2</sup>, or a diagnosis of end stage renal disease. Regarding baseline BP, the group of systolic BP (SBP) 120–129 mmHg had the lowest risk of the renal outcome, which increased more than 60% in SBP ≥ 130 mmHg group. A significant increase in the renal outcome was found only in the group of diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg. The group of BP &lt; 130/80 mmHg had a benefit for lowering the risk regardless of the presence of proteinuria, and it significantly reduced the risk in patients with proteinuria. Achieving SBP level &lt; 130 mmHg after one year resulted in a 42% risk reduction in patients with SBP level ≥ 130 mmHg at baseline. Targeting SBP level &lt; 130 mmHg would be associated with the preferable renal outcome.

    Clinical Trial Registration-URL: <ext-link xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/">https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/</ext-link>. Unique identifier: UMIN000001159 (16/05/2008).

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-94467-z

    PubMed

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-94467-z

  • Current Status of Familial LCAT Deficiency in Japan.

    Masayuki Kuroda, Hideaki Bujo, Koutaro Yokote, Takeyoshi Murano, Takashi Yamaguchi, Masatsune Ogura, Katsunori Ikewaki, Masahiro Koseki, Yasuo Takeuchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Mika Hori, Kota Matsuki, Takashi Miida, Shinji Yokoyama, Jun Wada, Mariko Harada-Shiba

    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis   28 ( 7 )   679 - 691   2021.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a lipid-modification enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the acyl chain from the second position of lecithin to the hydroxyl group of cholesterol (FC) on plasma lipoproteins to form cholesteryl acylester and lysolecithin. Familial LCAT deficiency is an intractable autosomal recessive disorder caused by inherited dysfunction of the LCAT enzyme. The disease appears in two different phenotypes depending on the position of the gene mutation: familial LCAT deficiency (FLD, OMIM 245900) that lacks esterification activity on both HDL and ApoB-containing lipoproteins, and fish-eye disease (FED, OMIM 136120) that lacks activity only on HDL. Impaired metabolism of cholesterol and phospholipids due to LCAT dysfunction results in abnormal concentrations, composition and morphology of plasma lipoproteins and further causes ectopic lipid accumulation and/or abnormal lipid composition in certain tissues/cells, and serious dysfunction and complications in certain organs. Marked reduction of plasma HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and corneal opacity are common clinical manifestations of FLD and FED. FLD is also accompanied by anemia, proteinuria and progressive renal failure that eventually requires hemodialysis. Replacement therapy with the LCAT enzyme should prevent progression of serious complications, particularly renal dysfunction and corneal opacity. A clinical research project aiming at gene/cell therapy is currently underway.

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.RV17051

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Successful deceased donor kidney transplantation to a recipient with a history of COVID-19 treatment. International journal

    Kasumi Yoshinaga, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Kou Hasegawa, Takanori Sekito, Shuji Miyake, Shogo Watari, Yuki Maruyama, Takuya Sadahira, Shingo Nishimura, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuri Nakashima, Masaru Kinomura, Herik Acosta, Yosuke Mitsui, Risa Kubota, Hirochika Nakajima, Kohei Edamura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Fumio Otsuka, Jun Wada, Yasutomo Nasu

    Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy   27 ( 7 )   1097 - 1101   2021.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old Asian male, who had undergone hemodialysis for >16 years, complained of a fever, dysgeusia and dysosmia, and was diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia based on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 polymerase chain reaction (SARS-CoV-2 PCR) and computed tomography (CT). Treatment was started with oral favipiravir and ciclesonide inhalation. On the 10th day of treatment, the patient had a persistent high fever and a chest CT showed exacerbation of pneumonia, so dexamethasone was intravenously started. He was discharged after confirming two consecutive negative SARS-CoV-2 PCR tests. Three months after COVID-19 treatment, a SARS-CoV-2 PCR test was negative and he underwent a deceased donor kidney transplantation. Basiliximab induction with triple drug immunosuppression consisting of extended-release tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and prednisolone, which is our regular immunosuppression protocol, was used. He was discharged on postoperative day 18 without the need for postoperative hemodialysis or any complications. The serum creatinine level was 1.72 mg/dL 95 days postoperatively and he had a favorable clinical course that was similar to deceased donor kidney recipients without a history of SARS-CoV-2 infection. CONCLUSION: We report the first case of a kidney transplantation after COVID-19 treatment in Japan and the fourth case globally. We would like to provide information about our successful case due to the anticipated increase in similar candidates in the near future.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jiac.2021.03.018

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Feasible kidney donation with living marginal donors, including diabetes mellitus. International journal

    Kasumi Yoshinaga, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Takanori Sekito, Shogo Watari, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Kohei Edamura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hidemi Takeuchi, Masashi Kitagawa, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    Immunity, inflammation and disease   2021.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVES: To compare the donor outcomes of living donor kidney transplantation between standard donors (SDs) and marginal donors (MDs) including diabetic patients (MD + DM). METHODS: MDs were defined according to Japanese guideline criteria: (a) age >70-years, (b) blood pressure ≤130/80 mmHg on hypertension medicine, (c) body mass index >25 to ≤32 kg/m2 , (d) 24-h creatinine clearance ≥70 to <80 ml/min/1.73 m2 , and (e) hemoglobin A1c > 6.2 or ≤6.5 with oral diabetic medicine. Fifty-three of 114 donors were MDs. We compared donor kidney functions until 60 months postoperatively. RESULTS: No kidney function parameters were different between SDs and MDs. When comparing SD and MD + DM, MD + DM had a lower postoperative eGFR (48 vs. 41 (1 (month), p = .02), 49 vs. 40 (12, p < .01), 48 vs. 42 (24, p = .04), 47 vs. 38 (36, p = .01)) and the percentage of residual eGFR (SD vs. MD + DM: 63 vs. 57 (1 (month), p < .01), 63 vs. 57 (2, p < .01), 64 vs. 56 (12, p < .01), 63 vs. 57 (24, p < .01), 63 vs. 52 (36, p = .02)). However, when MD with a single risk factor of DM was compared to SD, the difference disappeared. Nine out of 12 (75%) MD + DM had ≥2 risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Although long-term observation of donor kidney function is necessary, careful MD + DM selection had the potential to expand the donor pool.

    DOI: 10.1002/iid3.470

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The effect of Humanitude care methodology on improving empathy: a six-year longitudinal study of medical students in Japan. International journal

    Yusuke Fukuyasu, Hitomi U Kataoka, Miwako Honda, Toshihide Iwase, Hiroko Ogawa, Masaru Sato, Mayu Watanabe, Chikako Fujii, Jun Wada, Jennifer DeSantis, Mohammadreza Hojat, Joseph S Gonnella

    BMC medical education   21 ( 1 )   316 - 316   2021.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Science and Business Media LLC  

    BACKGROUND: Empathy, which involves understanding another person's experiences and concerns, is an important component for developing physicians' overall competence. This longitudinal study was designed to test the hypothesis that medical students' empathy can be enhanced and sustained by Humanitude Care Methodology, which focuses on perception, emotion and speech. METHODS: This six-year longitudinal observational study examined 115 students who entered Okayama University Medical School in 2013. The study participants were exposed to two empathy-enhancing programs: (1) a communication skills training program (involving medical interviews) and (2) a Humanitude training program aimed at enhancing their empathy. They completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) seven times: when they entered medical school, before participation in the first program (medical interview), immediately after the first program, before the second program (Humanitude exercise), immediately after the second program, and in the 5th and 6th year (last year) of medical school. A total of 79 students (69% of the cohort) completed all seven test administrations of the JSE. RESULTS: The mean JSE scores improved significantly after participation in the medical interview program (p < 0.01) and the Humanitude training program (p = 0.001). However, neither program showed a sustained effect. CONCLUSIONS: The Humanitude training program as well as medical interview training program, had significant short-term positive effects for improving empathy among medical students. Additional reinforcements may be necessary for a long-term sustained effect.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12909-021-02773-x

    PubMed

    researchmap

    Other Link: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12909-021-02773-x/fulltext.html

  • ABO Blood Incompatibility Positively Affects Early Graft Function: Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study. International journal

    Shogo Watari, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Kasumi Yoshinaga, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masashi Kitagawa, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    Transplantation proceedings   53 ( 5 )   1494 - 1500   2021.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between ABO-incompatible (ABO-I) kidney transplantation and early graft function. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 95 patients who underwent living donor kidney transplantation between May 2009 and July 2019. It included 61 ABO-compatible (ABO-C) and 34 ABO-I transplantations. We extracted data on immunologic profile, sex, age, cold ischemic time, type of immunosuppression, and graft function. Two definitions were used for slow graft function (SGF) as follows: postoperative day (POD) 3 serum creatinine level >3 mg/dL and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <20 mL/min/1.73 m2. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the effect of ABO-I on the incidence of SGF. RESULTS: The characteristics between the ABO-C and ABO-I were not different. ABO-I received rituximab and plasma exchange. Patients also received tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil for 2 weeks and prednisolone for 1 week before transplantation as preconditioning. Of the 95 study patients, 19 (20%) and 21 (22%) were identified with SGF according to POD 3 serum creatinine level or eGFR, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that ABO-I significantly reduced the incidence of SGF (odds ratio, 0.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.03-0.7; P = .02), and cold ischemic time >150 min increased the incidence of SGF (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-25; P = .006). Similar results were identified in POD 3 eGFR. Inferior graft function in patients with SGF was identified up to 6 months after transplantation. CONCLUSION: ABO-I reduces the incidence of SGF, which is associated with an inferior graft function up to 6 months.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2021.03.043

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Vasohibin-2 Aggravates Development of Ascending Aortic Aneurysms but not Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms nor Atherosclerosis in ApoE-Deficient Mice. International journal

    Nozomu Otaka, Haruhito A Uchida, Michihiro Okuyama, Yoshiko Hada, Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuki Kakio, Hidemi Takeuchi, Ryoko Umebayashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    American journal of hypertension   34 ( 5 )   467 - 475   2021.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: Vasohibin-2 (VASH2) has been isolated as a homologue of vasohibin-1 (VASH1) that promotes angiogenesis counteracting with VASH1. Chronic angiotensin II (AngII) infusion promotes both ascending and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAs) in mice. The present study aimed to investigate whether exogenous VASH2 influenced AngII-induced vascular pathology in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice. METHODS: Male, ApoE-/- mice (9-14 weeks old) were injected with Ad LacZ or Ad VASH2. After a week, saline or AngII (1,000 ng/kg/minute) was infused into the mice subcutaneously via mini-osmotic pumps for 3 weeks. Consequently, all these mice were divided into 4 groups: saline + LacZ (n = 5), saline + VASH2 (n = 5), AngII + LacZ (n = 18), and AngII + VASH2 (n = 17). RESULTS: Exogenous VASH2 had no significant effect on ex vivo maximal diameters of abdominal aortas (AngII + LacZ: 1.67 ± 0.17 mm, AngII + VASH2: 1.52 ± 0.16 mm, n.s.) or elastin fragmentation and accumulation of inflammatory cells. Conversely, exogenous VASH2 significantly increased intima areas of aortic arches (AngII + LacZ: 16.6 ± 0.27 mm2, AngII + VASH2: 18.6 ± 0.64 mm2, P = 0.006). VASH2 effect of AngII-induced ascending AAs was associated with increased cleaved caspase-3 abundance. AngII-induced atherosclerosis was not altered by VASH2. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that augmented VASH2 expression had no effect of AngII-induced abdominal AAs or atherosclerosis, while increasing dilation in the ascending aorta.

    DOI: 10.1093/ajh/hpaa181

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Orexin A Enhances Pro-Opiomelanocortin Transcription Regulated by BMP-4 in Mouse Corticotrope AtT20 Cells. International journal

    Satoshi Fujisawa, Motoshi Komatsubara, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Nahoko Iwata, Takahiro Nada, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    International journal of molecular sciences   22 ( 9 )   2021.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Orexin is expressed mainly in the hypothalamus and is known to activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis that is involved in various stress responses and its resilience. However, the effects of orexin on the endocrine function of pituitary corticotrope cells remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the roles of orexin A in pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) transcription using mouse corticotrope AtT20 cells, focusing on the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system expressed in the pituitary. Regarding the receptors for orexin, type 2 (OXR2) rather than type 1 (OX1R) receptor mRNA was predominantly expressed in AtT20 cells. It was found that orexin A treatment enhanced POMC expression, induced by corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) stimulation through upregulation of CRH receptor type-1 (CRHR1). Orexin A had no direct effect on the POMC transcription suppressed by BMP-4 treatment, whereas it suppressed Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation and Id-1 mRNA expression induced by BMP-4. It was further revealed that orexin A had no significant effect on the expression levels of type I and II BMP receptors but upregulated inhibitory Smad6/7 mRNA and protein levels in AtT20 cells. The results demonstrated that orexin A upregulated CRHR signaling and downregulated BMP-Smad signaling, leading to an enhancement of POMC transcription by corticotrope cells.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms22094553

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Endonuclease increases efficiency of osteoblast isolation from murine calvariae. International journal

    Yosuke Asano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jose La Rose, Fang He, Takayuki Katsuyama, Wang Ziyi, Shigetomo Tsuji, Hiroshi Kamioka, Robert Rottapel, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   11 ( 1 )   8502 - 8502   2021.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Bone is a highly dynamic organ that undergoes remodeling equally regulated by osteoblast-mediated bone formation and osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. To clarify the regulation of osteoblastogenesis, primary murine osteoblasts are required for an in vitro study. Primary osteoblasts are isolated from neonatal calvariae through digestion with collagenase. However, the number of cells collected from one pup is not sufficient for further in vitro experiments, leading to an increase in the use of euthanized pups. We hypothesized that the viscosity of digested calvariae and digestion solution supplemented with collagenase results in cell clumping and reduction of isolated cells from bones. We simply added Benzonase, a genetically engineered endonuclease that shears all forms of DNAs/RNAs, in order to reduce nucleic acid-mediated viscosity. We found that addition of Benzonase increased the number of collected osteoblasts by three fold compared to that without Benzonase through reduction of viscosity. Additionally, Benzonase has no effect on cellular identity and function. The new osteoblast isolation protocol with Benzonase minimizes the number of neonatal pups required for an in vitro study and expands the concept that isolation of other populations of cells including osteocytes that are difficult to be purified could be modified by Benzonase.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87716-8

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Acute Kidney Injury Caused by Evans Syndrome with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Systemic Sclerosis.

    Natsumi Matsuoka, Haruki Watanabe, Naoko Kurooka, Sumari Kato, Chika Higashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masaru Kinomura, Nobuharu Fujii, Ken-Ei Sada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   60 ( 7 )   1055 - 1060   2021.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    A 65-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus developed acute kidney injury (AKI), Coombs-positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia and autoimmune thrombocytopenia; therefore, she was diagnosed with Evans syndrome (ES). Intravascular hemolysis was suggested as the cause of AKI based on the presence of acute tubular injury and trace hemosiderin deposits on the renal biopsy. The renal function, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia were restored by an increased dose of glucocorticoids, hemodialysis, and plasma exchange. Although ES with severe hemolytic anemia is very rare, it is important to detect possible renal dysfunction when encountering patients with severe hemolysis.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.5976-20

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • A Vaspin-HSPA1L complex protects proximal tubular cells from organelle stress in diabetic kidney disease. International journal

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Jun Eguchi, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Communications biology   4 ( 1 )   373 - 373   2021.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Proximal tubular cells (PTCs) are crucial for maintaining renal homeostasis, and tubular injuries contribute to progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). However, the roles of visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) in the development of DKD is not known. We found vaspin maintains PTCs through ameliorating ER stress, autophagy impairment, and lysosome dysfunction in DKD. Vaspin-/- obese mice showed enlarged and leaky lysosomes in PTCs associated with increased apoptosis, and these abnormalities were also observed in the patients with DKD. During internalization into PTCs, vaspin formed a complex with heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 1 like (HSPA1L) as well as 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78). Both vaspin-partners bind to clathrin heavy chain and involve in the endocytosis. Notably, albumin-overload enhanced extracellular release of HSPA1L and overexpression of HSPA1L dissolved organelle stresses, especially autophagy impairment. Thus, vapsin/HSPA1L-mediated pathways play critical roles in maintaining organellar function of PTCs in DKD.

    DOI: 10.1038/s42003-021-01902-y

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Lgals9 deficiency ameliorates obesity by modulating redox state of PRDX2. International journal

    Tomokazu Nunoue, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Akihiro Katayama, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Toshiro Niki, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   11 ( 1 )   5991 - 5991   2021.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The adipose tissue is regarded as an endocrine organ and secretes bioactive adipokines modulating chronic inflammation and oxidative stress in obesity. Gal-9 is secreted out upon cell injuries, interacts with T-cell immunoglobulin-3 (Tim-3) and induces apoptosis in activated Th1 cells. Gal-9 also binds to protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), maintains PDI on surface of T cells, and increases free thiols in the disulfide/thiol cycles. To explore the molecular mechanism of obesity, we investigated Gal-9-/- and Gal-9wt/wt C57BL/6J mice fed with high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) chow. Gal-9-/- mice were resistant to diet-induced obesity associated with reduction of epididymal and mesenteric fat tissues and improved glucose tolerance compared with Gal-9wt/wt mice. However, the number of M1, M2 macrophages, and M1/M2 ratio in epididymal fat were unaltered. Under HFHS chow, Gal-9-/- mice receiving Gal-9-/- or Gal-9wt/wt bone marrow-derived cells (BMCs) demonstrated significantly lower body weight compared with Gal-9wt/wt mice receiving Gal-9-/- BMCs. We identified the binding between Gal-9 and peroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX2) in sugar chain-independent manner by nanoLC-MS/MS, immunoprecipitation, and pull-down assay. In 3T3L1 adipocytes, Gal-9 knockdown shifts PRDX2 monomer (reduced form) dominant from PRDX2 dimer (oxidized form) under oxidative stress with H2O2. The inhibition of Gal-9 in adipocytes may be a new therapeutic approach targeting the oxidative stress and subsequent glucose intolerance in obesity.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-85080-1

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Association of glucocorticoid doses and emotional health in lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS): a cross-sectional study. International journal

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Sayaka Shimizu, Yusuke Ogawa, Ken-Ei Sada, Yu Katayama, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Nobuyuki Yajima, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Yasuhiro Shimojima, Shigeru Ohno, Hiroshi Kajiyama, Kunihiro Ichinose, Shuzo Sato, Michio Fujiwara, Hajime Yamazaki, Yosuke Yamamoto, Jun Wada, Shunichi Fukuhara

    Arthritis research & therapy   23 ( 1 )   79 - 79   2021.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: While survival of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients has improved substantially, problems remain in the management of their emotional health. Medium to high-dose glucocorticoid doses are known to worsen emotional health; the effect is unclear among patients receiving relatively low-dose glucocorticoids. This study aims to investigate the association between low glucocorticoid doses and emotional health in lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS). METHODS: This cross-sectional study drew on data from SLE patients in 10 Japanese institutions. The participants were adult patients with SLE duration of ≥ 1 year who met LLDAS criteria at the study visit from April 2018 through September 2019. The exposure was the daily glucocorticoid dose (mg oral prednisolone). The outcome was the emotional health score of the lupus patient-reported outcome scale (range: 0 to 100). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with adjustment for confounders including disease-related damage, activity, and psychotropic drug use. RESULTS: Of 192 patients enrolled, 175 were included in the analysis. Their characteristics were as follows: female, 89.7%; median age, 47 years (interquartile range (IQR): 37.0, 61.0). Median glucocorticoid dose was 4.0 mg (IQR 2.0, 5.0), and median emotional health score 79.2 (IQR 58.3, 91.7). Multiple linear regression analysis showed daily glucocorticoid doses to be associated with worse emotional health (β coefficient = - 2.54 [95% confidence interval - 4.48 to - 0.60], P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Daily glucocorticoid doses were inversely associated with emotional health among SLE patients in LLDAS. Further studies are needed to determine whether glucocorticoid tapering leads to clinically significant improvements in emotional health.

    DOI: 10.1186/s13075-021-02466-2

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Novel urinary glycan profiling by lectin array serves as the biomarkers for predicting renal prognosis in patients with IgA nephropathy. International journal

    Chieko Kawakita, Koki Mise, Yasuhiro Onishi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Michihiro Yoshida, Masao Yamada, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   11 ( 1 )   3394 - 3394   2021.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    In IgA nephropathy (IgAN), IgA1 molecules are characterized by galactose deficiency in O-glycans. Here, we investigated the association between urinary glycosylation profile measured by 45 lectins at baseline and renal prognosis in 142 patients with IgAN. The primary outcome was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline (> 4 mL/min/1.73 m2/year), or eGFR ≥ 30% decline from baseline, or initiation of renal replacement therapies within 3 years. During follow-up (3.4 years, median), 26 patients reached the renal outcome (Group P), while 116 patients were with good renal outcome (Group G). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that lectin binding signals of Erythrina cristagalli lectin (ECA) (odds ratio [OR] 2.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-7.28) and Narcissus pseudonarcissus lectin (NPA) (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.11-4.85) adjusted by age, sex, eGFR, and urinary protein were significantly associated with the outcome, and they recognize Gal(β1-4)GlcNAc and high-mannose including Man(α1-6)Man, respectively. The addition of two lectin-binding glycan signals to the interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy score further improved the model fitness (Akaike's information criterion) and incremental predictive abilities (c-index, net reclassification improvement, and integrated discrimination improvement). Urinary N-glycan profiling by lectin array is useful in the prediction of IgAN prognosis, since ECA and NPA recognize the intermediate glycans during N-glycosylation of various glycoproteins.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-77736-1

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis with obstructive pneumonia progressing to hypertrophic pachymeningitis: A case report. International journal

    Keigo Hayashi, Haruki Watanabe, Yuriko Yamamura, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Medicine   100 ( 3 )   e24028   2021.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    RATIONALE: Bronchial involvement alone is a rare initial manifestation of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Herein, we report a case of refractory GPA with obstructive pneumonia caused by bronchial involvement. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 65-year-old man complained of a 2-week cough and fever. DIAGNOSES: Considering the presence of opacities and multiple consolidations in both lungs due to obstruction or stenosis on the bronchus, which did not respond to antibiotics, and proteinase-3-antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody positivity, he was diagnosed with GPA. Positron emission tomography- computed tomography scan revealed no abnormal findings in the upper respiratory tract. INTERVENTIONS: He was treated with prednisolone (PSL, 50 mg/d) and intravenous cyclophosphamide. OUTCOMES: His general and respiratory symptoms improved. However, 8 weeks after PSL treatment at 20 mg/d, he developed a relapse of vasculitis along with sinusitis and hypertrophic pachymeningitis. Hence, PSL treatment was resumed to 50 mg/d, and weekly administration of rituximab was initiated. Consequently, the symptoms gradually mitigated. LESSONS: GPA with bronchial involvement is often intractable and requires careful follow-up, which should include upper respiratory tract and hypertrophic pachymeningitis assessment.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000024028

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Effects of LDL apheresis on proteinuria in patients with diabetes mellitus, severe proteinuria, and dyslipidemia.

    Takashi Wada, Akinori Hara, Eri Muso, Shoichi Maruyama, Sawako Kato, Kengo Furuichi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Tadashi Toyama, Norihiko Sakai, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Mariko Miyazaki, Eiichi Sato, Masanori Abe, Yugo Shibagaki, Ichiei Narita, Shin Goto, Yuichi Sakamaki, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Noriko Mori, Satoshi Tanaka, Yukio Yuzawa, Midori Hasegawa, Takeshi Matsubara, Jun Wada, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Kosuke Masutani, Yasuhiro Abe, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Shouichi Fujimoto, Shuji Iwatsubo, Akihiro Tsuda, Hitoshi Suzuki, Kenji Kasuno, Yoshio Terada, Takeshi Nakata, Noriaki Iino, Tadashi Sofue, Hitomi Miyata, Toshiaki Nakano, Takayasu Ohtake, Shuzo Kobayashi

    Clinical and experimental nephrology   25 ( 1 )   1 - 8   2021.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus and severe proteinuria present with poor renal prognoses, despite improvements in diabetes and kidney disease therapies. In this study, we designed a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol apheresis treatment for patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN)/diabetic kidney disease and severe proteinuria. This was a multicenter prospective LICENSE study to confirm the impact of LDL apheresis on proteinuria that exhibited hyporesponsiveness to treatment. In addition, we sought to determine the efficacy and safety of LDL apheresis by comparing the outcomes to those of historical controls in patients with diabetes, refractory hypercholesterolemia, and severe proteinuria. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter study, including 40 patients with diabetes, severe proteinuria, and dyslipidemia. LDL apheresis was performed 6-12 times over a 12-week period. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a decrease in proteinuria excretion of at least 30% in the 6 months after starting therapy. The secondary endpoints included serum creatinine levels and laboratory variables, which were evaluated 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after therapy initiation. RESULTS: LDL apheresis was performed on 40 registered patients with diabetes. The proportion of cases in which proteinuria decreased by 30% or more after 6 months of LDL apheresis was 25%, which was similar to that of historical controls. The overall survival and end-stage kidney disease-free survival rates were significantly higher in the LICENSE group compared to those in historical controls. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that LDL apheresis may be effective and safe for patients with diabetes, proteinuria, and dyslipidemia. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration number: jRCTs042180076.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-020-01959-9

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • RUNX2 Phosphorylation by Tyrosine Kinase ABL Promotes Breast Cancer Invasion. International journal

    Fang He, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yosuke Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Takayuki Katsuyama, Jose La Rose, Nahoko Tomonobu, Ni Luh Gede Yoni Komalasari, Masakiyo Sakaguchi, Robert Rottapel, Jun Wada

    Frontiers in oncology   11   665273 - 665273   2021

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Activity of transcription factors is normally regulated through interaction with other transcription factors, chromatin remodeling proteins and transcriptional co-activators. In distinction to these well-established transcriptional controls of gene expression, we have uncovered a unique activation model of transcription factors between tyrosine kinase ABL and RUNX2, an osteoblastic master transcription factor, for cancer invasion. We show that ABL directly binds to, phosphorylates, and activates RUNX2 through its SH2 domain in a kinase activity-dependent manner and that the complex formation of these proteins is required for expression of its target gene MMP13. Additionally, we show that the RUNX2 transcriptional activity is dependent on the number of its tyrosine residues that are phosphorylated by ABL. In addition to regulation of RUNX2 activity, we show that ABL transcriptionally enhances RUNX2 expression through activation of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-SMAD pathway. Lastly, we show that ABL expression in highly metastatic breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells is associated with their invasive capacity and that ABL-mediated invasion is abolished by depletion of endogenous RUNX2 or MMP13. Our genetic and biochemical evidence obtained in this study contributes to a mechanistic insight linking ABL-mediated phosphorylation and activation of RUNX2 to induction of MMP13, which underlies a fundamental invasive capacity in cancer and is different from the previously described model of transcriptional activation.

    DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2021.665273

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Fisetin Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Responses in Macrophage. International journal

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    BioMed research international   2021   5570885 - 5570885   2021

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Several studies have reported the efficacy and safety of polyphenols in human health; however, the verification of their efficacy remains insufficient. The aim of this study was to examine whether fisetin, one of flavonoids prevalently present in fruits and vegetables, could suppress lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced inflammatory responses in macrophages. LPS increased proinflammatory mRNA abundance (MCP 1, IL-1β, and iNOS) but were suppressed by fisetin. The increment of nitric oxide by LPS, an oxidative stress factor, was attenuated by fisetin. In addition, LPS-enhanced phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK and JNK) was reduced. Finally, fisetin attenuated the expression or activity of uPA, uPAR, MMP-2, and MMP-9, which are known as associated factors of macrophage recruitment or infiltration. In conclusion, fisetin is a promising therapeutic agent for macrophage-related inflammation diseases, like sepsis and atherosclerosis.

    DOI: 10.1155/2021/5570885

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Novel Urinary Glycan Biomarkers Predict Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Multicenter Prospective Study With 5-Year Follow Up (U-CARE Study 2). International journal

    Koki Mise, Mariko Imamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Mayu Watanabe, Chigusa Higuchi, Akihiro Katayama, Satoshi Miyamoto, Haruhito A Uchida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazuyuki Hida, Tatsuaki Nakato, Atsuhito Tone, Sanae Teshigawara, Takashi Matsuoka, Shinji Kamei, Kazutoshi Murakami, Ikki Shimizu, Katsuhiro Miyashita, Shinichiro Ando, Tomokazu Nunoue, Michihiro Yoshida, Masao Yamada, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine   8   668059 - 668059   2021

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Frontiers Media SA  

    Background: Although various biomarkers predict cardiovascular event (CVE) in patients with diabetes, the relationship of urinary glycan profile with CVE in patients with diabetes remains unclear. Methods: Among 680 patients with type 2 diabetes, we examined the baseline urinary glycan signals binding to 45 lectins with different specificities. Primary outcome was defined as CVE including cardiovascular disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease. Results: During approximately a 5-year follow-up period, 62 patients reached the endpoint. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that urinary glycan signals binding to two lectins were significantly associated with the outcome after adjustment for known indicators of CVE and for false discovery rate, as well as increased model fitness. Hazard ratios for these lectins (+1 SD for the glycan index) were UDA (recognizing glycan: mixture of Man5 to Man9): 1.78 (95% CI: 1.24-2.55, P = 0.002) and Calsepa [High-Man (Man2-6)]: 1.56 (1.19-2.04, P = 0.001). Common glycan binding to these lectins was high-mannose type of N-glycans. Moreover, adding glycan index for UDA to a model including known confounders improved the outcome prediction [Difference of Harrel's C-index: 0.028 (95% CI: 0.001-0.055, P = 0.044), net reclassification improvement at 5-year risk increased by 0.368 (0.045-0.692, P = 0.026), and the Akaike information criterion and Bayesian information criterion decreased from 725.7 to 716.5, and 761.8 to 757.2, respectively]. Conclusion: The urinary excretion of high-mannose glycan may be a valuable biomarker for improving prediction of CVE in patients with type 2 diabetes, and provides the rationale to explore the mechanism underlying abnormal N-glycosylation occurring in patients with diabetes at higher risk of CVE. Trial Registration: This study was registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network on June 26, 2012 (Clinical trial number: UMIN000011525, URL: https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-bin/ctr_e/ctr_view.cgi?recptno=R000013482).

    DOI: 10.3389/fcvm.2021.668059

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The resolution of immunofluorescent pathological images affects diagnosis for not only artificial intelligence but also human

    Kensaku Takahashi, Shinji Kitamura, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Jun Wada

    Journal of Nephropathology   10 ( 3 )   2021

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Introduction: For human, the resolution of images is important for diagnosis. Many clinical applications of artificial intelligence have been studied, however there are few reports on the difference in diagnosis between humans and artificial intelligence on the point of the renal pathological image resolution. Objectives: We examined whether the resolution of renal pathological images affects diagnosis of artificial intelligence and human. Patients and Methods: From 885 renal biopsy patients, we collected renal IgA immunofluorescent pathological images that resolution is 4, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 and 512 pixels for each patient, and divided into training data set and validation data set, and created optimum deep learning models for each resolution. To compare with artificial intelligence nephrologist also tried to diagnose by using the same validation data set images. Results: We inputted IgA immunofluorescent pathological images into each optimum model. Human could not identify specific staining site with four pixels images, however, each resolution optimum model showed high accuracy, average over 80%. The each accuarcy was observed higher depending on the resolution. The area under the curve (AUC) showed higher diagnosis ratio depending on the resolution, too. Nephrologist performed high diagnosis sensitivity depending on resolution images as same as artificial intelligence. However, nephrologists’ diagnosis observed large variations in specificity depending on resolution. These results suggested that the resolution might affect specificity for human not artificial intelligence Conclusion: The resolution of images might be important for not AI but human on the point of specificity.

    DOI: 10.34172/jnp.2021.26

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • MicroRNAs as Biomarkers for Nephrotic Syndrome. International journal

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   22 ( 1 )   2020.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Nephrotic syndrome represents the clinical situation characterized by presence of massive proteinuria and low serum protein caused by a variety of diseases, including minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) and membranous glomerulonephropathy. Differentiating between diagnoses requires invasive renal biopsies in general. Even with the biopsy, we encounter difficulties to differentiate MCNS and FSGS in some cases. There is no other better option currently available for the diagnosis other than renal biopsy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are no-coding RNAs of approximately 20 nucleotides in length, which regulate target genes in the post-transcriptional processes and have essential roles in many diseases. MiRNAs in serum and urine have been shown as non-invasive biomarkers in multiple diseases, including renal diseases. In this article, we summarize the current knowledge of miRNAs as the promising biomarkers for nephrotic syndrome.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms22010088

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Takayasu phlebitis. International journal

    Yu Katayama, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yuriko Yamamura, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Rheumatology (Oxford, England)   59 ( 12 )   e131-e133   2020.12

     More details

  • Dynamin 1 is important for microtubule organization and stabilization in glomerular podocytes. International journal

    The Mon La, Hiromi Tachibana, Shun-Ai Li, Tadashi Abe, Sayaka Seiriki, Hikaru Nagaoka, Eizo Takashima, Tetsuya Takeda, Daisuke Ogawa, Shin-Ichi Makino, Katsuhiko Asanuma, Masami Watanabe, Xuefei Tian, Shuta Ishibe, Ayuko Sakane, Takuya Sasaki, Jun Wada, Kohji Takei, Hiroshi Yamada

    FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology   34 ( 12 )   16449 - 16463   2020.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Dynamin 1 is a neuronal endocytic protein that participates in vesicle formation by scission of invaginated membranes. Dynamin 1 is also expressed in the kidney; however, its physiological significance to this organ remains unknown. Here, we show that dynamin 1 is crucial for microtubule organization and stabilization in glomerular podocytes. By immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy, dynamin 1 was concentrated at microtubules at primary processes in rat podocytes. By immunofluorescence of differentiated mouse podocytes (MPCs), dynamin 1 was often colocalized with microtubule bundles, which radially arranged toward periphery of expanded podocyte. In dynamin 1-depleted MPCs by RNAi, α-tubulin showed a dispersed linear filament-like localization, and microtubule bundles were rarely observed. Furthermore, dynamin 1 depletion resulted in the formation of discontinuous, short acetylated α-tubulin fragments, and the decrease of microtubule-rich protrusions. Dynamins 1 and 2 double-knockout podocytes showed dispersed acetylated α-tubulin and rare protrusions. In vitro, dynamin 1 polymerized around microtubules and cross-linked them into bundles, and increased their resistance to the disassembly-inducing reagents Ca2+ and podophyllotoxin. In addition, overexpression and depletion of dynamin 1 in MPCs increased and decreased the nocodazole resistance of microtubules, respectively. These results suggest that dynamin 1 supports the microtubule bundle formation and participates in the stabilization of microtubules.

    DOI: 10.1096/fj.202001240RR

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Low-dose rituximab induction therapy is effective in immunological high-risk renal transplantation without increasing cytomegalovirus infection. International journal

    Kasumi Yoshinaga, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Masashi Kitagawa, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association   27 ( 12 )   1136 - 1142   2020.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect and impact of low-dose rituximab induction therapy on cytomegalovirus infection in living-donor renal transplantation. METHODS: A total of 92 recipients undergoing living-donor renal transplantation at Okayama University Hospital from May 2009 to August 2018 were evaluated retrospectively. Indications for preoperative rituximab (200 mg/body) were the following: (i) ABO major mismatch; (ii) ABO minor mismatch; (iii) donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody-positive; and (iv) focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. We excluded four recipients who were followed <3 months, five who received >200 mg/body rituximab and seven who received prophylactic therapy for cytomegalovirus. RESULTS: There were 59 patients in the rituximab group and 17 in the non-rituximab group. Groups differed significantly in age (median age 53 vs 37 years, respectively; P = 0.04), but not in sex (male 64% vs 65%, P = 1.00), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (3% vs 0%, P = 1.00) or percentage of cytomegalovirus-seronegative recipients of renal allografts from cytomegalovirus-seropositive donors (12% vs 18%, P = 0.68). The estimated glomerular filtration rate did not differ significantly between groups until 24 months after transplantation. Cytomegalovirus clinical symptoms (10% vs 24%, P = 0.22), including fever ≥38°C (5% vs 12%, P = 0.31) and gastrointestinal symptoms (5% vs 12%, P = 0.31), and the 5-year survival rates of death-censored graft loss (90% vs 83%, P = 0.43) did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Low-dose rituximab induction therapy is effective in immunological high-risk recipients without increasing cytomegalovirus infection in the absence of valganciclovir prophylaxis.

    DOI: 10.1111/iju.14382

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Risk of higher dose methotrexate for renal impairment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. International journal

    Keigo Hayashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   10 ( 1 )   18715 - 18715   2020.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Renal impairment is a major concern in patients taking high-dose methotrexate (MTX) for malignancy, but it has not been fully explored in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients taking low-dose MTX. This study aimed to elucidate the dose-dependent effects of MTX on the renal function of patients with RA. We retrospectively reviewed 502 consecutive RA patients who were prescribed MTX for ≥ 1 year at Okayama University Hospital between 2006 and 2018. The primary outcome was the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over 1 year. The association between MTX dosage (< 8, 8-12, and ≥ 12 mg/week) and the change in eGFR was evaluated using multiple linear regression analysis with adjustment for possible confounding factors including age, sex, disease duration, body weight, comorbidity, baseline eGFR, concomitant treatment, and disease activity. Mean patient age was 63 years; 394 (78%) were female. Median disease duration was 77 months, while mean MTX dosage was 8.6 mg/week. The last 1-year change of eGFR (mean ± SD) in patients treated with MTX < 8 (n = 186), 8-12 (n = 219), ≥ 12 mg/week (n = 97) decreased by 0.2 ± 7.3, 0.6 ± 8.6, and 4.5 ± 7.9 mL/min/1.73 m2/year, respectively (p < 0.0001). After adjustment for the confounding factors, MTX ≥ 12 mg/week was still correlated with a decrease in 1-year eGFR (beta-coefficient: - 2.5; 95% confidence interval, - 4.3 to - 0.6; p = 0.0089) in contrast to MTX 8-12 mg/week. Careful monitoring of renal function is required in patients with MTX ≥ 12 mg/week over the course of RA treatment regardless of disease duration.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-75655-9

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Inhibition of interleukin-6 signaling attenuates aortitis, left ventricular hypertrophy and arthritis in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist deficient mice. International journal

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A Uchida, Tomoyuki Mukai, Fumiaki Kojima, Masashi Yoshida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Nozomu Otaka, Yoshitaka Morita, Jun Wada

    Clinical science (London, England : 1979)   134 ( 20 )   2771 - 2787   2020.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The aim of the present study was to examine whether inhibition of Interleukin (IL)-6 signaling by MR16-1, an IL-6 receptor antibody, attenuates aortitis, cardiac hypertrophy, and arthritis in IL-1 receptor antagonist deficient (IL-1RA KO) mice. Four weeks old mice were intraperitoneally administered with either MR16-1 or non-immune IgG at dosages that were adjusted over time for 5 weeks. These mice were stratified into four groups: MR16-1 treatment groups, KO/MR low group (first 2.0 mg, following 0.5 mg/week, n=14) and KO/MR high group (first 4.0 mg, following 2.0 mg/week, n=19) in IL-1RA KO mice, and IgG treatment groups, KO/IgG group (first 2.0 mg, following 1.0 mg/week, n=22) in IL-1RA KO mice, and wild/IgG group (first 2.0 mg, following 1.0 mg/week, n=17) in wild mice. Aortitis, cardiac hypertrophy and arthropathy were histologically analyzed. Sixty-eight percent of the KO/IgG group developed aortitis (53% developed severe aortitis). In contrast, only 21% of the KO/MR high group developed mild aortitis, without severe aortitis (P<0.01, vs KO/IgG group). Infiltration of inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils, T cells, and macrophages, was frequently observed around aortic sinus of the KO/IgG group. Left ventricle and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy were observed in IL-1RA KO mice. Administration of high dosage of MR16-1 significantly suppressed cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. MR16-1 attenuated the incidence and severity of arthritis in IL-1RA KO mice in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, blockade of IL-6 signaling may exert a beneficial effect to attenuate severe aortitis, left ventricle hypertrophy, and arthritis.

    DOI: 10.1042/CS20201036

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Multicentric Reticulohistiocytosis in a Patient with Hand Contracture.

    Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Haruki Watanabe, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   59 ( 18 )   2337 - 2338   2020.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.4934-20

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Dysfunction of CD8 + PD-1 + T cells in type 2 diabetes caused by the impairment of metabolism-immune axis. International journal

    Ichiro Nojima, Shingo Eikawa, Nahoko Tomonobu, Yoshiko Hada, Nobuo Kajitani, Sanae Teshigawara, Satoshi Miyamoto, Atsuhito Tone, Haruhito A Uchida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kenichi Shikata, Heiichiro Udono, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   10 ( 1 )   14928 - 14928   2020.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The metabolic changes and dysfunction in CD8 + T cells may be involved in tumor progression and susceptibility to virus infection in type 2 diabetes (T2D). In C57BL/6JJcl mice fed with high fat-high sucrose chow (HFS), multifunctionality of CD8 + splenic and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) was impaired and associated with enhanced tumor growth, which were inhibited by metformin. In CD8 + splenic T cells from the HFS mice, glycolysis/basal respiration ratio was significantly reduced and reversed by metformin. In the patients with T2D (DM), multifunctionality of circulating CD8 + PD-1 + T cells stimulated with PMA/ionomycin as well as with HLA-A*24:02 CMV peptide was dampened, while metformin recovered multifunctionality. Both glycolysis and basal respiration were reduced in DM, and glycolysis was increased by metformin. The disturbance of the link between metabolism and immune function in CD8 + PD-1 + T cells in T2D was proved by recovery of antigen-specific and non-specific cytokine production via metformin-mediated increase in glycolytic activity.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-71946-3

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Tubulointerstitial Nephritis Cases With IgM-Positive Plasma Cells. International journal

    Natsumi Matsuoka-Uchiyama, Kenji Tsuji, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Haruhito A Uchida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Naoki Takahashi, Masayuki Iwano, Jun Wada

    Kidney international reports   5 ( 9 )   1576 - 1580   2020.9

     More details

  • Podocytopathy as 'stand-alone' involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report. Reviewed International journal

    Kenji Tsuji, Yoko Takatsu, Yu Katayama, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Lupus   29 ( 9 )   1148 - 1150   2020.8

     More details

  • Tubulointerstitial Nephritis and Uveitis Caused by Sjögren Syndrome Without Dryness. International journal

    Soichiro Sugitani, Kenji Tsuji, Toshio Yamanari, Yoichi Hasegawa, Kentaro Inoue, Yuka Sogabe, Yukari Nakano, Shinji Kitamura, Tsutomu Ishizu, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   2020.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000001505

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Deep Learning Could Diagnose Diabetic Nephropathy with Renal Pathological Immunofluorescent Images. Reviewed International journal

    Shinji Kitamura, Kensaku Takahashi, Yizhen Sang, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Kenji Tsuji, Jun Wada

    Diagnostics (Basel, Switzerland)   10 ( 7 )   2020.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) imaging diagnosis is developing, making enormous steps forward in medical fields. Regarding diabetic nephropathy (DN), medical doctors diagnose them with clinical course, clinical laboratory data and renal pathology, mainly evaluate with light microscopy images rather than immunofluorescent images because there are no characteristic findings in immunofluorescent images for DN diagnosis. Here, we examined the possibility of whether AI could diagnose DN from immunofluorescent images. We collected renal immunofluorescent images from 885 renal biopsy patients in our hospital, and we created a dataset that contains six types of immunofluorescent images of IgG, IgA, IgM, C3, C1q and Fibrinogen for each patient. Using the dataset, 39 programs worked without errors (Area under the curve (AUC): 0.93). Five programs diagnosed DN completely with immunofluorescent images (AUC: 1.00). By analyzing with Local interpretable model-agnostic explanations (Lime), the AI focused on the peripheral lesion of DN glomeruli. On the other hand, the nephrologist diagnostic ratio (AUC: 0.75833) was slightly inferior to AI diagnosis. These findings suggest that DN could be diagnosed only by immunofluorescent images by deep learning. AI could diagnose DN and identify classified unknown parts with the immunofluorescent images that nephrologists usually do not use for DN diagnosis.

    DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics10070466

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Adult kidney stem/progenitor cells contribute to regeneration through the secretion of trophic factors. Reviewed International journal

    Kenji Tsuji, Shinji Kitamura, Yizhen Sang, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Jun Wada

    Stem cell research   46   101865 - 101865   2020.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Adult kidney stem cells are known to have important roles in renal regeneration after acute kidney injury. Although trophic factors from tissue stem cells have been reported to promote the regeneration of other organs, there is limited number of evidence of this phenomenon in the kidneys. Here, we explored the effects of secreted factors from kidney stem cells. We intraperitoneally administered culture supernatant obtained from adult rat kidney stem/progenitor cells into rat kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury models, and the treatment significantly ameliorated renal tubulointerstitial injury, suppressed tubular cell apoptosis, diminished inflammation and promoted the proliferation of both residual renal cells and immature cells. In vitro, treatment with culture supernatant from kidney stem cells significantly promoted cell proliferation and suppressed cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis in both normal rat kidney cells and kidney stem cells. In addition, treatment with culture supernatant increased the expression of nestin in normal rat kidney cells, suggesting the dedifferentiation of tubular cells into stem-like cells. Analysis of the culture supernatant revealed that it contained a variety of growth factors. Taken together, the results suggest that these factors together lead to renal regeneration. In conclusion, adult kidney stem cells contribute to renal regeneration indirectly through the secretion of regenerative factors.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.scr.2020.101865

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Genetic Deletion of Vasohibin-2 Exacerbates Ischemia-Reperfusion-Induced Acute Kidney Injury. Reviewed International journal

    Hiromasa Miyake, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Satoshi Tanimura, Yuri Nakashima, Tomoyo Morioka, Kana Masuda, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   21 ( 12 )   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been increasingly recognized as a risk factor for transition to chronic kidney disease. Recent evidence suggests that endothelial damage in peritubular capillaries can accelerate the progression of renal injury. Vasohibin-2 (VASH2) is a novel proangiogenic factor that promotes tumor angiogenesis. However, the pathophysiological roles of VASH2 in kidney diseases remain unknown. In the present study, we examined the effects of VASH2 deficiency on the progression of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury-induced AKI. I/R injury was induced by bilaterally clamping renal pedicles for 25 min in male wild-type (WT) and Vash2 homozygous knockout mice. Twenty-four hours later, I/R injury-induced renal dysfunction and tubular damage were more severe in VASH2-deficient mice than in WT mice, with more prominent neutrophil infiltration and peritubular capillary loss. After induction of I/R injury, VASH2 expression was markedly increased in injured renal tubules. These results suggest that VASH2 expression in renal tubular epithelial cells might be essential for alleviating I/R injury-induced AKI, probably through protecting peritubular capillaries and preventing inflammatory infiltration.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21124545

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The Protective Effect of Chlorogenic Acid on Vascular Senescence via the Nrf2/HO-1 Pathway. International journal

    Yoshiko Hada, Haruhito A Uchida, Nozomu Otaka, Yasuhiro Onishi, Shugo Okamoto, Mariko Nishiwaki, Rika Takemoto, Hidemi Takeuchi, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   21 ( 12 )   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The world faces the serious problem of aging. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on vascular senescence. C57/BL6 female mice that were 14 ± 3 months old were infused with either Angiotensin II (AngII) or saline subcutaneously for two weeks. These mice were administered CGA of 20 or 40 mg/kg/day, or saline via oral gavage. AngII infusion developed vascular senescence, which was confirmed by senescence associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining. CGA administration attenuated vascular senescence in a dose-dependent manner, in association with the increase of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and with the decrease of p-Akt, PAI-1, p53, and p21. In an in vitro study, with or without pre-treatment of CGA, Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with H2O2 for an hour, then cultured in the absence or presence of 0.5-5.0 μM CGA for the indicated time. Endothelial cell senescence was induced by H2O2, which was attenuated by CGA treatment. Pre-treatment of CGA increased Nrf2 in HUVECs. After H2O2 treatment, translocation of Nrf2 into the nucleus and the subsequent increase of Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) were observed earlier in CGA-treated cells. Furthermore, the HO-1 inhibitor canceled the beneficial effect of CGA on vascular senescence in mice. In conclusion, CGA exerts a beneficial effect on vascular senescence, which is at least partly dependent on the Nuclear factor erythroid 2-factor 2 (Nrf2)/HO-1 pathway.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21124527

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Semaphorin3A-Inhibitor Ameliorates Doxorubicin-Induced Podocyte Injury. Reviewed International journal

    Yizhen Sang, Kenji Tsuji, Akiko Inoue-Torii, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   21 ( 11 )   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Podocyte injury is an independent risk factor for the progression of renal diseases. Semaphorin3A (SEMA3A), expressed in podocytes and tubular cells in the mammalian adult kidneys, has been reported to regulate diverse biological functions and be associated with renal diseases. Here, we investigated pathological roles of SEMA3A signaling on podocyte injury using a doxorubicin (Dox)-induced mouse model and examined the therapeutic effect of SEMA3A-inhibitor (SEMA3A-I). We demonstrated that Dox caused massive albuminuria and podocyte apoptosis as well as an increase of SEMA3A expression in podocytes, all of which were ameliorated with SEMA3A-I treatment. In addition, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), known as a downstream of SEMA3A signaling, was activated in Dox-injected mouse podocytes while SEMA3A-I treatment partially blocked the activation. In vitro, SEMA3A-I protected against Dox-induced podocyte apoptosis and recombinant SEMA3A caused podocyte apoptosis with activation of JNK signaling. JNK inhibitor, SP600125, attenuated SEMA3A-induced podocyte apoptosis, indicating that the JNK pathway would be involved in SEMA3A-induced podocyte apoptosis. Furthermore, the analysis of human data revealed a positive correlation between levels of urinary SEMA3A and protein, suggesting that SEMA3A is associated with podocyte injury. In conclusion, SEMA3A has essential roles in podocyte injury and it would be the therapeutic target for protecting from podocyte injury.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21114099

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Sodium Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitor Ameliorates Autophagic Flux Impairment on Renal Proximal Tubular Cells in Obesity Mice. Reviewed International journal

    Kazuhiko Fukushima, Shinji Kitamura, Kenji Tsuji, Yizhen Sang, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   21 ( 11 )   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Obesity is supposed to cause renal injury via autophagy deficiency. Recently, sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) were reported to protect renal injury. However, the mechanisms of SGLT2i for renal protection are unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of SGLT2i for autophagy in renal proximal tubular cells (PTCs) on obesity mice. We fed C57BL/6J mice with a normal diet (ND) or high-fat and -sugar diet (HFSD) for nine weeks, then administered SGLT2i, empagliflozin, or control compound for one week. Each group contained N = 5. The urinary N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase level in the HFSD group significantly increased compared to ND group. The tubular damage was suppressed in the SGLT2i-HFSD group. In electron microscopic analysis, multi lamellar bodies that increased in autophagy deficiency were increased in PTCs in the HFSD group but significantly suppressed in the SGLT2i group. The autophagosomes of damaged mitochondria in PTCs in the HFSD group frequently appeared in the SGLT2i group. p62 accumulations in PTCs were significantly increased in HFSD group but significantly suppressed by SGLT2i. In addition, the mammalian target of rapamycin was activated in the HFSD group but significantly suppressed in SGLT2i group. These data suggest that SGLT2i has renal protective effects against obesity via improving autophagy flux impairment in PTCs on a HFSD.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21114054

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Recovery from hypoxemia and Hypercapnia following noninvasive pressure support ventilation in a patient with statin-associated necrotizing myopathy: a case report. Reviewed International journal

    Yuriko Yamamura, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Koh Tadokoro, Yasuyuki Ohta, Kota Sato, Toru Yamashita, Masahiro Yamamura, Ken-Ei Sada, Koji Abe, Jun Wada

    BMC pulmonary medicine   20 ( 1 )   156 - 156   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: Statin-associated necrotizing myopathy (SANM) is a rare autoimmune disorder caused by administration of statins. SANM is characterized by weakness due to necrosis and regeneration of myofibers. Here we report the first case of SANM with acute respiratory failure treated with noninvasive pressure support ventilation in addition to immunosuppressants. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old woman who had been treated with 2.5 mg/day of rosuvastatin calcium for 5 years stopped taking the drug 4 months before admission to our hospital due to elevation of creatine kinase (CK). Withdrawal of rosuvastatin for 1 month did not decrease the level of CK, and she was admitted to our hospital due to the development of muscle weakness of her neck and bilateral upper extremities. Anti-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase antibodies were positive. Magnetic resonance imaging showed myositis, and muscle biopsy from the right biceps brachii muscle showed muscle fiber necrosis and regeneration without inflammatory cell infiltration, suggesting SANM. After the diagnosis, she received methylprednisolone pulse therapy (mPSL, 1 g/day × 3 days, twice) and subsequent oral prednisolone therapy (PSL, 30 mg/day for 1 month, 25 mg/day for 1 month and 22.5 mg/day for 1 month), leading to improvement of her muscle weakness. One month after the PSL tapering to 20 mg/day, her muscle weakness deteriorated with oxygen desaturation (SpO2: 93% at room air) due to hypoventilation caused by weakness of respiratory muscles. BIPAP was used for the management of acute respiratory failure in combination with IVIG (20 g/day × 5 days) followed by mPSL pulse therapy (1 g/day × 3 days), oral PSL (30 mg/day × 3 weeks, then tapered to 25 mg/day) and tacrolimus (3 mg/day). Twenty-seven days after the start of BIPAP, she was weaned from BIPAP with improvement of muscle weakness, hypoxemia and hypercapnia. After she achieved remission with improvement of muscle weakness and reduction of serum CK level to a normal level, the dose of oral prednisolone was gradually tapered to 12.5 mg/day without relapse for 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: Our report provides new insights into the role of immunosuppressants and biphasic positive airway pressure for induction of remission in patients with SANM.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12890-020-01195-7

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Association of explanatory histological findings and urinary protein and serum creatinine levels at renal biopsy in lupus nephritis: a cross-sectional study. Reviewed International journal

    Eri Katsuyama, Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Michiko Morishita, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    BMC nephrology   21 ( 1 )   208 - 208   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between the histology of active and chronic lesions and urinary protein and serum creatinine (SCr) levels, as common clinical endpoints in clinical trials for lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: In total, 119 patients diagnosed with LN class III, IV, and V, as defined by the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society, between 1990 and 2015, were enrolled in the present study. Multiple regression analysis was performed to explore semi-quantitative histological variables associated with urinary protein and SCr levels. RESULTS: The mean age of the enrolled patients was 45 years, and 79% were female. The mean SCr and mean urinary protein levels at the time of renal biopsy were 0.87 mg/dl and 3.00 g/gCr, respectively. Class IV (71%) was the most common type of LN followed by class III (17%), and class V (13%). Multicollinearity was confirmed between monocellular infiltration (variance inflation factor [VIF] = 10.22) and interstitial fibrosis (VIF = 10.29), and between karyorrhexis (VIF = 4.14) and fibrinoid necrosis (VIF = 4.29). Fibrinoid necrosis and monocellular infiltration were subsequently excluded, and multiple regression analysis revealed that only the urinary protein level was correlated with wire loop lesions (β-coefficient [β]: 1.09 and confidence interval [CI]: 0.35 to 1.83), and that the SCr level was correlated with glomerular sclerosis (β: 1.08 and CI: 0.43 to 1.74). CONCLUSION: As urinary protein and SCr levels were not quantitatively associated with active lesions, they may not accurately reflect the response to remission induction therapy in patients with LN.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12882-020-01868-9

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Risk Factors for Chronic Damage Accumulation Across Different Onset Eras in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Cross-sectional Analysis of a Lupus Registry of Nationwide Institutions (LUNA). Reviewed

    Keiji Ohashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Noriko Tatebe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Nobuyuki Yajima, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   74 ( 3 )   191 - 198   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Chronic damage accumulation affects not only mortality but also quality of life in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Risk factors for chronic damage were explored in SLE through different onset eras. Two hundred forty-five patients at Okayama University Hospital and Showa University Hospital were divided into three groups based on the onset era: a past-onset group (onset before 1995; n=83), middle-onset group (1996-2009; n=88), and recent-onset group (after 2010; n=74). The mean Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI) score as an index of chronic damage was 1.93, 1.24, and 0.53 in the past-, middle-, and recent-onset groups, respectively. In the pastonset group, the total SDI score was significantly associated with glucocorticoid monotherapy by linear regression analysis (β-coefficient [β]=0.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.21-1.05) and C-reactive protein levels (β=0.67; 95% CI, 0.27-1.07). In the middle-onset group, the total SDI score was significantly associated with the SLE Disease Activity Index at registration (β=0.09; 95% CI, 0.03-0.12). Reducing the accumulation of chronic damage in SLE patients might be possible with the concomitant use of immunosuppressants and tight control of disease activity.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/59949

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Icodextrin Versus Glucose Solutions for the Once-Daily Long Dwell in Peritoneal Dialysis: An Enriched Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. International journal

    Käthe Goossen, Monika Becker, Mark R Marshall, Stefanie Bühn, Jessica Breuing, Catherine A Firanek, Simone Hess, Hisanori Nariai, James A Sloand, Qiang Yao, Tae Ik Chang, JinBor Chen, Ramón Paniagua, Yuji Takatori, Jun Wada, Dawid Pieper

    American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation   75 ( 6 )   830 - 846   2020.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: The efficacy and safety of icodextrin versus glucose-only peritoneal dialysis (PD) regimens is unclear. The aim of this study was to compare once-daily long-dwell icodextrin versus glucose among patients with kidney failure undergoing PD. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), enriched with unpublished data from investigator-initiated and industry-sponsored studies. SETTING & STUDY POPULATIONS: Individuals with kidney failure receiving regular PD treatment enrolled in clinical trials of dialysate composition. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STUDIES: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, Ichushi Web, 10 Chinese databases, clinical trials registries, conference proceedings, and citation lists from inception to November 2018. Further data were obtained from principal investigators and industry clinical study reports. DATA EXTRACTION: 2 independent reviewers selected studies and extracted data using a prespecified extraction instrument. ANALYTIC APPROACH: Qualitative synthesis of demographics, measurement scales, and outcomes. Quantitative synthesis with Mantel-Haenszel risk ratios (RRs), Peto odds ratios (ORs), or (standardized) mean differences (MDs). Risk of bias of included studies at the outcome level was assessed using the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for RCTs. RESULTS: 19 RCTs that enrolled 1,693 participants were meta-analyzed. Ultrafiltration was improved with icodextrin (medium-term MD, 208.92 [95% CI, 99.69-318.14] mL/24h; high certainty of evidence), reflected also by fewer episodes of fluid overload (RR, 0.43 [95% CI, 0.24-0.78]; high certainty). Icodextrin-containing PD probably decreased mortality risk compared to glucose-only PD (Peto OR, 0.49 [95% CI, 0.24-1.00]; moderate certainty). Despite evidence of lower peritoneal glucose absorption with icodextrin-containing PD (medium-term MD, -40.84 [95% CI, -48.09 to-33.59] g/long dwell; high certainty), this did not directly translate to changes in fasting plasma glucose (-0.50 [95% CI, -1.19 to 0.18] mmol/L; low certainty) and hemoglobin A1c levels (-0.14% [95% CI, -0.34% to 0.05%]; high certainty). Safety outcomes and residual kidney function were similar in both groups; health-related quality-of-life and pain scores were inconclusive. LIMITATIONS: Trial quality was variable. The follow-up period was heterogeneous, with a paucity of assessments over the long term. Mortality results are based on just 32 events and were not corroborated using time-to-event analysis of individual patient data. CONCLUSIONS: Icodextrin for once-daily long-dwell PD has clinical benefit for some patients, including those not meeting ultrafiltration targets and at risk for fluid overload. Future research into patient-centered outcomes and cost-effectiveness associated with icodextrin is needed.

    DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2019.10.004

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Nivolumab-induced IgA nephropathy in a patient with advanced gastric cancer: A case report. Reviewed International journal

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Takahira Wada, Yuri Nakashima, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Okada, Jun Wada

    Medicine   99 ( 21 )   e20464   2020.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    INTRODUCTION: Immune checkpoint inhibitors including nivolumab, an antibody against programmed death-1, have been increasingly introduced in various cancer treatment regimens, and are reported to be associated with immune-related adverse events. Nivolumab-induced renal injury is generally caused by acute interstitial nephritis and is managed by drug discontinuation and steroid therapy. Although this agent can infrequently induce glomerulonephritis, the pathogenesis and therapeutic strategy remain undetermined. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 78-year-old man was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with portal thrombosis. First- and second-line chemotherapies were ineffective; thus, nivolumab monotherapy was initiated. Although it effectively prevented tumor growth, proteinuria and microhematuria appeared 2 months later. Despite drug discontinuation, serum creatinine progressively increased from 0.72 to 1.45 mg/dL. Renal biopsy revealed mesangial IgA and C3 deposition in immunofluorescence analysis and mesangial proliferation with crescent formation in light microscopy. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Based on the temporal relationship between the nivolumab therapy and abnormal urinalysis, IgA nephropathy was considered to have been induced by nivolumab. INTERVENTIONS: A moderate dose (0.6 mg/kg/day) of prednisolone was orally administrated, with tapering biweekly. OUTCOMES: Steroid therapy stabilized his serum creatinine levels and markedly reduced proteinuria. However, bacterial pneumonia substantially impaired his performance status; thus, nivolumab could not be restarted despite tumor regrowth. LESSONS: IgA nephropathy should be recognized as an uncommon renal adverse event during nivolumab therapy. After drug discontinuation, nivolumab-induced IgA nephropathy is likely to respond to moderate doses of steroid therapy with early tapering. However, more evidence is needed to determine whether nivolumab can be safely restarted during or after steroid therapy.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000020464

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Targeting angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in kidney disease. Reviewed International journal

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Jun Wada, Yasufumi Sato

    Nature reviews. Nephrology   16 ( 5 )   289 - 303   2020.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The kidney is permeated by a highly complex vascular system with glomerular and peritubular capillary networks that are essential for maintaining the normal functions of glomerular and tubular epithelial cells. The integrity of the renal vascular network depends on a balance of proangiogenic and antiangiogenic factors, and disruption of this balance has been identified in various kidney diseases. Decreased levels of the predominant proangiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), can result in glomerular microangiopathy and contribute to the onset of preeclampsia, whereas upregulation of VEGFA has roles in diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Other factors that regulate angiogenesis, such as angiopoietin 1 and vasohibin 1, have been shown to be protective in animal models of DKD and renal fibrosis. The renal lymphatic system is important for fluid homeostasis in the kidney, as well as the transport of immune cells and antigens. Experimental studies suggest that the lymphangiogenic factor VEGFC might have protective effects in PKD, DKD and renal fibrosis. Understanding the physiological and pathological roles of factors that regulate angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the kidney has led to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for kidney diseases.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41581-020-0260-2

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The hypoglycemia-prevention effect of sensor-augmented pump therapy with predictive low glucose management in Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a short-term study.

    Akihiro Katayama, Atsuhito Tone, Mayu Watanabe, Sanae Teshigawara, Satoshi Miyamoto, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Diabetology international   11 ( 2 )   97 - 104   2020.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Aims/introduction: The predictive low glucose management (PLGM) system was introduced in March 2018 in Japan. Although there are some reports demonstrating the benefit of PLGM in preventing hypoglycemia, no data are currently available in Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of PLGM with sensor-augmented pump therapy in the prevention of hypoglycemia in Japanese patients. Materials and methods: We included 16 patients with T1DM who used the MiniMed®640G system after switching from the MiniMed®620G system. We retrospectively analysed the data of the continuous glucose monitoring system in 1 month after switching to MiniMed®640G. Results: The area under the curve (AUC) of hypoglycemia of < 70 mg/dL was lowered from 0.42 ± 0.43 mg/dL day to 0.18 ± 0.18 mg/dL day (P = 0.012). Correspondingly, the duration of severe hypoglycemia (< 54 mg/dL) was reduced significantly from 15.3 ± 21.7 min/day to 4.8 ± 6.9 min/day (P = 0.019). The duration of hypoglycemia was reduced, but the reduction was not significant. Regarding the AUC for hyperglycemia > 180 mg/dL and the duration of hyperglycemia did not change. With the PLGM function, 79.3% of the predicted hypoglycemic events were avoided. Conclusions: The hypoglycemia avoidance rate was comparable to those in previous reports. In addition, we demonstrated that PLGM can markedly suppress severe hypoglycemia without deteriorating glycemic control in Japanese T1DM patients. It is necessary to further investigate the effective use of the PLGM feature such as establishing a lower limit and the timing of resumption.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13340-019-00408-7

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Conditions, pathogenesis, and progression of diabetic kidney disease and early decliner in Japan. Reviewed International journal

    Yui Yoshida, Kosuke Kashiwabara, Yosuke Hirakawa, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Shinsuke Noso, Hiroshi Ikegami, Mitsuru Ohsugi, Kohjiro Ueki, Tomoya Mita, Hirotaka Watada, Daisuke Koya, Koki Mise, Jun Wada, Miho Shimizu, Takashi Wada, Yumi Ito, Ichiei Narita, Naoki Kashihara, Masaomi Nangaku, Yutaka Matsuyama

    BMJ open diabetes research & care   8 ( 1 )   2020.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVE: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases without or prior to the development of albuminuria in many patients with diabetes. Therefore, albuminuria and/or a low GFR in patients with diabetes is referred to as diabetic kidney disease (DKD). A certain proportion of patients with diabetes show a rapid progressive decline in renal function in a unidirectional manner and are termed early decliners. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of DKD and early decliners and clarify their risk factors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This combination cross-sectional and cohort study included 2385 patients with diabetes from 15 hospitals. We defined DKD as a urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) ≥30 mg/gCr and/or estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m². We classified patients into four groups based on the presence or absence of albuminuria and a decrease in eGFR to reveal the risk factors for DKD. We also performed a trajectory analysis and specified the prevalence and risk factors of early decliners with sequential eGFR data of 1955 patients in five facilities. RESULTS: Of our cohort, 52% had DKD. Above all, 12% with a low eGFR but no albuminuria had no traditional risk factors, such as elevated glycated hemoglobin, elevated blood pressure, or diabetic retinopathy in contrast to patients with albuminuria but normal eGFR. Additionally, 14% of our patients were early decliners. Older age, higher basal eGFR, higher ACR, and higher systolic blood pressure were significantly associated with early decliners. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of DKD in this cohort was larger than ever reported. By testing eGFR yearly and identifying risk factors in the early phase of diabetes, we can identify patients at high risk of developing end-stage renal disease.

    DOI: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2019-000902

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Robotic Renal Autotransplantation: A Feasibility Study in a Porcine Model. Reviewed

    Risa Kubota, Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Kasumi Kawamura, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Yuichi Ariyoshi, Takehiro Iwata, Shingo Nishimura, Atsushi Takamoto, Tomoko Sako, Kohei Edamura, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Yuzuki Kano, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu

    Acta medica Okayama   74 ( 1 )   53 - 58   2020.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    We investigated the feasibility of robotic renal autotransplantation (RAT) in a porcine model to reduce invasiveness of RAT. Five pigs underwent robotic RAT using the da Vinci® robotic system. A robotic left nephrectomy was performed in all cases. Robotic RAT was performed on the left side in all but one case. Four ports were used. In 3 cases, the kidney was taken out through the GelPort® and irrigated on ice with Ringer's solution. In 2 cases, a complete intracorporeal robotic RAT was performed. An end-to-side anastomosis was performed between the renal vein and the external iliac vein and between the renal artery and the external iliac artery. Ureteroneocystostomy was also performed in 2 cases. All cases were performed robotically without open conversion. The median (IQR) console time was 3.1 (0.7) h, and the operative time was 3.8 (1.1) h. The estimated blood loss was 30 (0) ml. The warm ischemia time was 4.0 (0.2) min, and the cold ischemia time was 97 (17) min. Intracorporeal transarterial hypothermic renal perfusion was feasible in the 2 complete intracorporeal robotic RAT cases by using a perfusion catheter through a laparoscopic port. Robotic RAT has the potential to be a new minimally invasive substitute for conventional open surgery.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/57953

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • A novel homoplasmic mitochondrial DNA mutation (m.13376T>C, p.I347T) of MELAS presenting characteristic medial temporal lobe atrophy. International journal

    Ryo Sasaki, Yasuyuki Ohta, Noriko Hatanaka, Koh Tadokoro, Emi Nomura, Jingwei Shang, Mami Takemoto, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Yoshio Omote, Eisaku Morimoto, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Wada, Yu-Ichi Goto, Koji Abe

    Journal of the neurological sciences   408   116460 - 116460   2020.1

     More details

  • Simultaneous development of IgA vasculitis and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. International journal

    Yosuke Asano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tatsuhiko Miyazaki, Akihiro Ishizu, Shin Morizane, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    Modern rheumatology case reports   4 ( 1 )   63 - 69   2020.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis (IgAV) is a small vessel vasculitis presenting cutaneous purpura, arthralgias and/or arthritis, acute enteritis and glomerulonephritis caused by deposition of the IgA1-mediated immune complex. Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) characterised by eosinophil-rich and granulomatous inflammation in small to medium-sized vessels. Both IgAV and EGPA are classified as autoimmune systemic vasculitis, but the pathogenesis of immune complex-mediated IgAV and that of pauci-immune EGPA are different. Here we report a rare case of simultaneous development of IgAV and EGPA presenting palpable purpura and numbness in a patient with a history of asthma. Histological examination revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis with deposition of IgA, IgM and C3 in the upper dermis and necrotising vasculitis with eosinophilic infiltration and granulomatous formation in the lower dermis and subcutaneous fat, indicating the existence of IgAV and EGPA. Our case provides evidence of concurrent development of two different types of vasculitis, which may affect disease-associated complications, therapeutic strategy and prognosis.

    DOI: 10.1080/24725625.2019.1673528

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Podocyte autophagy is associated with foot process effacement and proteinuria in patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. Reviewed International journal

    Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Keiko Tanaka, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Nozomu Otaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masaru Kinomura, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    PloS one   15 ( 1 )   e0228337   2020

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Autophagy is a cellular mechanism involved in the bulk degradation of proteins and turnover of organelle. Several studies have shown the significance of autophagy of the renal tubular epithelium in rodent models of tubulointerstitial disorder. However, the role of autophagy in the regulation of human glomerular diseases is largely unknown. The current study aimed to demonstrate morphological evidence of autophagy and its association with the ultrastructural changes of podocytes and clinical data in patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, a disease in which patients exhibit podocyte injury. The study population included 95 patients, including patients with glomerular disease (minimal change nephrotic syndrome [MCNS], n = 41; idiopathic membranous nephropathy [IMN], n = 37) and 17 control subjects who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy. The number of autophagic vacuoles and the grade of foot process effacement (FPE) in podocytes were examined by electron microscopy (EM). The relationships among the expression of autophagic vacuoles, the grade of FPE, and the clinical data were determined. Autophagic vacuoles were mainly detected in podocytes by EM. The microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-positive area was co-localized with the Wilms tumor 1 (WT1)-positive area on immunofluorescence microscopy, which suggested that autophagy occurred in the podocytes of patients with MCNS. The number of autophagic vacuoles in the podocytes was significantly correlated with the podocyte FPE score (r = -0.443, p = 0.004), the amount of proteinuria (r = 0.334, p = 0.033), and the level of serum albumin (r = -0.317, p = 0.043) in patients with MCNS. The FPE score was a significant determinant for autophagy after adjusting for the age in a multiple regression analysis in MCNS patients (p = 0.0456). However, such correlations were not observed in patients with IMN or in control subjects. In conclusion, the results indicated that the autophagy of podocytes is associated with FPE and severe proteinuria in patients with MCNS. The mechanisms underlying the activation of autophagy in association with FPE in podocytes should be further investigated in order to elucidate the pathophysiology of MCNS.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228337

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Deletion of Mir223 Exacerbates Lupus Nephritis by Targeting S1pr1 in Faslpr/lpr Mice. International journal

    Sumie Hiramatsu-Asano, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Sonia Zeggar, Eri Katsuyama, Tomoyuki Mukai, Yoshitaka Morita, Jun Wada

    Frontiers in immunology   11   616141 - 616141   2020

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Objective: The micro RNAs (miRNAs) and their target mRNAs are differentially expressed in various immune-mediated cells. Here, we investigated the role of Mir223 and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1pr1) in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods: We analyzed miRNA and mRNA profiling data of CD4+ splenic T cells derived from MRL/MpJ-Faslpr /J mice. We performed 3' untranslated region (UTR) luciferase reporter gene assay using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We generated the B6-Mir223 -/- Faslpr/lpr mice and the lupus phenotypes were analyzed. Results: In CD4+ splenic T cells, we identified upregulation of miR-223-3p and downregulation of the possible target, S1pr1 by RNA sequencing of MRL/MpJ-Faslpr /J mice. The transfection with miR-223-3p mimic significantly suppressed a luciferase activity in HUVEC treated with a Lentivirus vector containing 3' UTR of S1pr1. The mRNA levels of S1pr1 were significantly decreased after miR-223-3p overexpression. In B6-Mir223 -/- Faslpr/lpr mice, the proportion of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4-CD8- cells, B cells, plasma cells, and S1PR1+CD4+ T cells in the spleen was significantly increased compared with that in B6-Mir223 +/+ Faslpr/lpr mice by flow cytometry. B6-Mir223 -/- Faslpr/lpr mice demonstrated the elevation of glomerular and renal vascular scores associated with enhanced intraglomerular infiltration of S1PR1+CD4+ T cells. Conclusion: Unexpectedly, the deletion of Mir223 exacerbated the lupus phenotypes associated with increased population of S1PR1+CD4+ T in spleen and the enhanced infiltration of S1PR1+CD4+ T cells in inflamed kidney tissues, suggesting compensatory role of Mir223 in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis.

    DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.616141

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Refractory Takayasu arteritis responding to the oral Janus kinase inhibitor, tofacitinib. International journal

    Yuriko Yamamura, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Yosuke Asano, Yu Katayama, Keigo Hayashi, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Rheumatology advances in practice   4 ( 1 )   rkz050   2020

     More details

  • Damage accrual related to pregnancies before and after diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus: a cross-sectional and nested case-control analysis from a lupus registry Reviewed

    Michiko Morishita, Ken-Ei Sada, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Nobuyuki Yajima, Jun Wada

    Lupus   in press   2019.12

  • The Aging Population and Research into Treatments for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   73 ( 6 )   475 - 477   2019.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) usually expand asymptomatically until the occurrence of a life-threatening event such as aortic rupture, which is closely associated with high mortality. AAA and aortic dissection are ranked among the top 10 causes of death in Japan. The major risk factors for AAA are age over 65 years, male gender, family history, and smoking. Thus, for prevention, smoking cessation is the most important lifestyle-intervention. For treatment, since AAA generally affects elderly people, less invasive treatment is preferable. However, the only established treatment for AAA is open repair and endovascular repair. This review describes potential medical treatments to slow aneurysm growth or prevent AAA rupture.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/57710

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • HIV-associated Immune Complex Kidney Disease with C3-dominant Deposition Induced by HIV Infection after Treatment of IgA Nephropathy. Reviewed

    Chieko Kawakita, Masaru Kinomura, Nozomu Otaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Nobuchika Kusano, Masashi Mizuno, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 20 )   3001 - 3007   2019.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    A 57-year-old man was diagnosed with IgA nephropathy. Hematuria and proteinuria were improved by tonsillectomy plus methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Lymphadenopathy, hypocomplementemia and pancytopenia were observed six years later, and urinalysis abnormalities recurred. A biopsy revealed mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis with C3-dominant deposition. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody demonstrated positive conversion. He was diagnosed with HIV-associated immune complex kidney disease (HIVICK). The hematuria, proteinuria and hypocomplementemia were improved by reducing the HIV viral load through antiretroviral therapy. When C3-dominant deposition is observed on a renal biopsy, HIVICK must be differentiated.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.2439-18

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Cluster Analysis Using Anti-Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases and SS-A/Ro52 antibodies in Patients With Polymyositis/Dermatomyositis. Reviewed International journal

    Keiji Ohashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yu Nakai, Shun Matsushima, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Noriko Tatebe, Mariko Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   25 ( 6 )   246 - 251   2019.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVE: Although several autoantibodies have been identified for polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) diagnosis, the clinical impact of these antibodies is yet to be elucidated. METHODS: Patients with PM/DM at Okayama University Hospital from 2012 to 2016 were historically enrolled, and antibody profiles were analyzed using line immunoassay. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed based on serological analysis of anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) antibodies, including anti-Jo-1, PL-7, PL-12, EJ, OJ, and SS-A/Ro-52 antibodies. Clinical symptoms and relapse proportions were compared among these clusters. RESULTS: Sixty-one patients were enrolled in this study: 28 were diagnosed with PM, and 33 were diagnosed with DM. The following 3 clusters were determined: 1 (n = 10), anti-Jo-1 and anti-SS-A/Ro-52 antibodies double positive (10/10, 100%); 2 (n = 24), anti-SS-A/Ro-52 antibody positive (20/24, 83%), anti-Jo-1 antibody negative (24/24, 100%), and anti-ARS antibodies (excluding anti-Jo-1 antibody) positive (15/24, 63%); and 3 (n = 27), anti-Jo-1 and anti-SS-A/Ro52 antibodies double negative (26/27, 96%). The proportion of patients who relapsed was significantly lower in cluster 3 than it was in clusters 1 and 2 (risk ratio, 0.37; 95% confidence interval, 0.17-0.83; p = 0.026 and risk ratio, 0.42; 95% confidence interval, 0.20-0.89; P = 0.019, respectively). There was no difference in the proportion of relapsed patients between clusters 1 and 2. CONCLUSIONS: Our cluster analysis shows that anti-SS-A/Ro52 or any anti-ARS antibodies or both might be relevant to clinical outcomes.

    DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000000836

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Impaired mental health status in patients with chronic kidney disease is associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate decline. International journal

    Yasuhiro Onishi, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Noriaki Shimada, Hironobu Tokumasu, Masaki Fukushima, Kenichiro Asano

    Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)   24 ( 9 )   926 - 932   2019.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    AIM: Deteriorated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is associated with increased risk for death in both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients; however, the impact of HRQOL on CKD progression is not well investigated. METHODS: We aimed to evaluate the association between HRQOL and CKD progression in Japanese patients with CKD. One hundred and three outpatients who visited the department of nephrology at our hospital (mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); 32.1 ± 11.2 mL/min per 1.73 m2 ) between April 2007 and March 2012 were enrolled in this study. The primary outcome was 30% decline of eGFR or ESRD. We assessed HRQOL of all participants at baseline, including the physical component summary (PCS), the mental component summary (MCS) and the role/social component summary (RCS), using SF-36. Based on the baseline score of PCS, MCS and RCS, we divided all subjects into two groups by median. RESULTS: We studied 66 men (64.1%) and 37 women aged 61.7 ± 10.0 years old. During approximately 2.5 years of follow-up period, 59 patients (57.3%) reached 30% eGFR decline or ESRD. Cox regression analyses demonstrated that lower MCS score was significantly associated with CKD progression (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.04-3.21, P = 0.035), but that lower PCS score and RCS score were not (HR = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.39-1.25, P = 0.223; HR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.54-1.67, P = 0.854, respectively). CONCLUSION: We found that impaired mental health was associated with CKD progression. The evaluation of the mental health should be performed in the patients with CKD.

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.13515

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Renal tubular injury exacerbated by vasohibin-1 deficiency in a murine cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury model. Reviewed International journal

    Satoshi Tanimura, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiromasa Miyake, Kana Masuda, Keigo Tsushida, Tomoyo Morioka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    American journal of physiology. Renal physiology   317 ( 2 )   F264-F274 - F274   2019.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently encountered in clinical practice, particularly secondarily to cardiovascular surgery and administration of nephrotoxic agents, and is increasingly recognized for initiating a transition to chronic kidney disease. Clarifying the pathogenesis of AKI could facilitate the development of novel preventive strategies, because the occurrence of hospital-acquired AKI is often anticipated. Vasohibin-1 (VASH1) was initially identified as an antiangiogenic factor derived from endothelial cells. VASH1 expression in endothelial cells has subsequently been reported to enhance cellular stress tolerance. Considering the importance of maintaining peritubular capillaries in preventing the progression of AKI, the present study aimed to examine whether VASH1 deletion is involved in the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced AKI. For this, we injected male C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) and VASH1 heterozygous knockout (VASH1+/-) mice intraperitoneally with either 20 mg/kg cisplatin or vehicle solution. Seventy-two hours after cisplatin injection, increased serum creatinine concentrations and renal tubular injury accompanied by apoptosis and oxidative stress were more prominent in VASH1+/- mice than in WT mice. Cisplatin-induced peritubular capillary loss was also accelerated by VASH1 deficiency. Moreover, the increased expression of ICAM-1 in the peritubular capillaries of cisplatin-treated VASH1+/- mice was associated with a more marked infiltration of macrophages into the kidney. Taken together, VASH1 expression could have protective effects on cisplatin-induced AKI probably by maintaining the number and function of peritubular capillaries.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00045.2019

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Development of Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis in a Patient With Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Negative Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis. Reviewed International journal

    Yasuhiro Nakano, Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Yuriko Yamamura, Yuzuki Kano, Keigo Hayashi, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   25 ( 5 )   e61   2019.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1097/RHU.0000000000000694

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • A Patient with Type 3 Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome who Developed Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 8 years after the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Hepatitis. Reviewed

    Tomoyo Mifune-Morioka, Haruhito A Uchida, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Mayu Watanabe, Chihiro Ouchi, Koki Mise, Chieko Kawakita, Yuzuki Kano, Akifumi Onishi, Kishio Toma, Jun Eguchi, Nozomu Wada, Fusao Ikeda, Erika Sasaki, Yu Suganami, Masayuki Kishida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroyuki Okada, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   73 ( 4 )   367 - 372   2019.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Eight years prior to her present admission, a 61-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis, slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, and chronic thyroiditis; she had been treated with oral prednisolone (PSL). After she suddenly discontinued PSL, she newly developed systemic lupus erythematosus. A combination therapy of oral PSL and intravenous cyclophosphamide resulted in remission. She was finally diagnosed with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) type 3 (3A ,3B, 3D), complicated with four different autoimmune diseases. Since patients with type 3 APS may present many manifestations over a long period of time, they should be carefully monitored.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/56940

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Combination of Renal Angioplasty and Angiotensin-converting-enzyme Inhibitor Can Reduce Proteinuria in Patients with Bilateral Renal Artery Disease. Reviewed

    Hironobu Toda, Haruhito Uchida, Kazufumi Nakamura, Hidemi Takeuchi, Masaru Kinomura, Koji Nakagawa, Atsuyuki Watanabe, Toru Miyoshi, Nobuhiro Nishii, Hiroshi Morita, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 13 )   1917 - 1922   2019.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Recent large clinical trials failed to show clear benefits of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) as compared with medical therapy on patients with renal artery stenosis. It was also reported that proteinuria is an adverse prognostic factor after PTRA, and PTRA is less effective in patients with overt proteinuria. From the renoprotective point of view, to reduce proteinuria after PTRA is an important therapeutic goal in patients with renal artery stenosis with overt proteinuria. We hereby describe two patients successfully treated by combination therapy with PTRA and administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor for bilateral renal artery disease with overt proteinuria.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.2076-18

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Capnocytophaga canimorsus peritonitis diagnosed by mass spectrometry in a diabetic patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis: a case report. Reviewed International journal

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Shugo Okamoto, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Jun Wada

    BMC nephrology   20 ( 1 )   219 - 219   2019.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: Bacterial peritonitis is a serious complication of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the identification of causative organisms and use of appropriate antibiotics are essential for treatment, rare and fastidious bacteria are sometimes difficult to detect by conventional biochemical assays. Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a fastidious and slow-growing bacterium that forms a part of the normal oral flora of dogs and cats and is extremely rare as a peritonitis-causing organism. This report demonstrates the usefulness of a mass spectrometry-based technique in identifying such a rare organism in PD-related peritonitis and discusses the diagnosis and treatment of C. canimorsus peritonitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes mellitus underwent PD for two years. Repeated exit-site infections led to subcutaneous pathway diversion two months ago. She was hospitalized with fever and abdominal pain as well as cloudy dialysis effluent. Laboratory data revealed increased serum C-reactive protein level and white blood cell (WBC) count in the effluent. Her exit site had no sign of infection, leading to the diagnosis of PD-related peritonitis. Initial therapy with intraperitoneal ceftazidime immediately ameliorated her symptoms, and the WBC count in the effluent normalized in five days. Culture test results of the dialysis effluent on admission were negative with no information regarding the infection route. However, mass spectrometry (MALDI Biotyper, Bruker Daltonics) successfully obtained the specific spectral pattern for C. canimorsus. She had four cats in her house and was advised not to allow the cats in the room where the bag exchange took place. CONCLUSIONS: C. canimorsus is a rare cause of peritonitis in PD patients and is usually susceptible to intraperitoneal third-generation cephalosporins. This mass spectrometry-based bacterial identification method could provide more opportunities to identify uncommon causes and promote appropriate antibiotics therapy in PD-related peritonitis.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12882-019-1415-x

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Cavernous Transformation and Granulomatous Epididymis in Behçet Disease. Reviewed International journal

    Yumi Motokura, Haruki Watanabe, Yuriko Yamamura, Yuzuki Kano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases   25 ( 4 )   45 - 47   2019.6

     More details

  • Contrast-enhanced Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Cryoablation of Renal Cell Carcinoma in a Renal Allograft: First Case in Asia. Reviewed

    Ichiro Tsuboi, Motoo Araki, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Toshihiro Iguchi, Takao Hiraki, Naoko Arichi, Kasumi Kawamura, Yuki Maruyama, Yosuke Mitsui, Takuya Sadahira, Risa Kubota, Shingo Nishimura, Tomoko Sako, Atsushi Takamoto, Koichiro Wada, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Toyohiko Watanabe, Hiroyuki Yanai, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Shiina, Susumu Kanazawa, Yasutomo Nasu

    Acta medica Okayama   73 ( 3 )   269 - 272   2019.6

     More details

    Language:English  

    Nephron-sparing treatment should be offered whenever possible to avoid dialysis in allograph cases. Cryoablation is a new treatment option for treating small-sized renal cell cancer (RCCs). We report a case of RCC arising in a kidney allograft treated by cryoablation. To our knowledge, this is the first case in Asia of RCC in a renal allograft treated using cryoablation. Contrast-enhanced CT-guided percutaneous renal needle biopsy and cryoablation were used to identify the RCC, which could not be identified by other techniques. The postoperative course was uneventful. Contrast-enhanced CT also showed no recurrence or metastases at the 6-month follow-up.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/56871

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Inhibitory Effects of Tofogliflozin on Cardiac Hypertrophy in Dahl Salt-Sensitive and Salt-Resistant Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet.

    Tomonari Kimura, Kazufumi Nakamura, Toru Miyoshi, Masashi Yoshida, Kaoru Akazawa, Yukihiro Saito, Satoshi Akagi, Yuko Ohno, Megumi Kondo, Daiji Miura, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    International heart journal   60 ( 3 )   728 - 735   2019.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are drugs for diabetes and might prevent heart failure. In this study, we investigated the effects of tofogliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, on cardiac hypertrophy and metabolism in hypertensive rats fed a high-fat diet. Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats, hypertensive model rats, and Dahl salt-resistant (DR) rats, non-hypertensive model rats, were fed a high-salt and high-fat diet containing tofogliflozin (0.005%) for 9 weeks to examine the effects of this drug on cardiac hypertrophy and metabolism. Tofogliflozin tended to suppress a rise of the systolic blood pressure, relative to the control, throughout the treatment period in both DR and DS rats, and significantly suppress a rise of the systolic blood pressure, relative to the control, at the 9th week in DS rats. Tofogliflozin reduced cardiac hypertrophy (heart weight/body weight) not only in DS rats but also in DR rats. Histological analysis showed that tofogliflozin significantly decreased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and perivascular fibrosis in both DS and DR rats. Tofogliflozin significantly decreased the expression levels of genes related to cardiac hypertrophy (encoding for natriuretic peptides A and B and interleukin-6), and to cardiac fibrosis (encoding for transforming growth factor-β1 and collagen type IV), in DS rats. Recent studies have shown that hypertrophied and failing hearts shift to oxidizing ketone bodies as a significant fuel source. We also performed metabolome analysis for ventricular myocardial tissue. Tofogliflozin reduced 3-hydroxybutyrate, a ketone body, and significantly decreased the expression levels of β-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase 1 and 3-oxoacid CoA-transferase, which are related to ketone oxidization. In conclusion, tofogliflozin ameliorated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis along with reduction of ketone usage in myocardial tissue.

    DOI: 10.1536/ihj.18-392

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The clinical efficacy of angiotensin II type1 receptor blockers on inflammatory markers in patients with hypertension: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial; MUSCAT-3 study. International journal

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuka Okuyama, Yuki Kakio, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Biomarkers : biochemical indicators of exposure, response, and susceptibility to chemicals   24 ( 3 )   255 - 261   2019.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Purpose: The purpose of present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of irbesartan on the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effect in patients with hypertension compared to other ARBs. Further, we assessed the effect of the ARBs on kidney function and urinary albumin excretion. Methods: Eighty-five outpatients with hypertension who took an ARB except irbesartan more than 3 months were assigned into two groups, one continued the same ARB and the other switched the ARB to irbesartan for 6 months. Results: Although blood pressures were equally controlled (continue group: 148 ± 2/79 ± 2 mmHg to 131 ± 2/74 ± 2 mmHg; switch group: 152 ± 2/81 ± 2 mmHg to 132 ± 2/74 ± 2 mmHg; p < 0.001 each), the inflammatory markers (hsCRP, PTX3, MCP-1) and oxidative stress marker (MDA-LDL) did not change after 6 months in both groups. Urinary albumin excretion was significantly reduced only in the switch group without renal function deterioration (switch group 292.4 ± 857.9 mg/gCr to 250.6 ± 906.5 mg/gCr, p = 0.012). Conclusion: These results provide knowledge of the characteristics of irbesartan, suggesting appropriate choice of ARBs in the treatment for hypertension should be considered.

    DOI: 10.1080/1354750X.2018.1548033

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Gut microbiome-derived phenyl sulfate contributes to albuminuria in diabetic kidney disease. International journal

    Koichi Kikuchi, Daisuke Saigusa, Yoshitomi Kanemitsu, Yotaro Matsumoto, Paxton Thanai, Naoto Suzuki, Koki Mise, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Tomohiro Nakamura, Kei Asaji, Chikahisa Mukawa, Hiroki Tsukamoto, Toshihiro Sato, Yoshitsugu Oikawa, Tomoyuki Iwasaki, Yuji Oe, Tomoya Tsukimi, Noriko N Fukuda, Hsin-Jung Ho, Fumika Nanto-Hara, Jiro Ogura, Ritsumi Saito, Shizuko Nagao, Yusuke Ohsaki, Satoshi Shimada, Takehiro Suzuki, Takafumi Toyohara, Eikan Mishima, Hisato Shima, Yasutoshi Akiyama, Yukako Akiyama, Mariko Ichijo, Tetsuro Matsuhashi, Akihiro Matsuo, Yoshiaki Ogata, Ching-Chin Yang, Chitose Suzuki, Matthew C Breeggemann, Jurgen Heymann, Miho Shimizu, Susumu Ogawa, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Takashi Suzuki, Yuji Owada, Shigeo Kure, Nariyasu Mano, Tomoyoshi Soga, Takashi Wada, Jeffrey B Kopp, Shinji Fukuda, Atsushi Hozawa, Masayuki Yamamoto, Sadayoshi Ito, Jun Wada, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Takaaki Abe

    Nature communications   10 ( 1 )   1835 - 1835   2019.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Nature Communications  

    Diabetic kidney disease is a major cause of renal failure that urgently necessitates a breakthrough in disease management. Here we show using untargeted metabolomics that levels of phenyl sulfate, a gut microbiota-derived metabolite, increase with the progression of diabetes in rats overexpressing human uremic toxin transporter SLCO4C1 in the kidney, and are decreased in rats with limited proteinuria. In experimental models of diabetes, phenyl sulfate administration induces albuminuria and podocyte damage. In a diabetic patient cohort, phenyl sulfate levels significantly correlate with basal and predicted 2-year progression of albuminuria in patients with microalbuminuria. Inhibition of tyrosine phenol-lyase, a bacterial enzyme responsible for the synthesis of phenol from dietary tyrosine before it is metabolized into phenyl sulfate in the liver, reduces albuminuria in diabetic mice. Together, our results suggest that phenyl sulfate contributes to albuminuria and could be used as a disease marker and future therapeutic target in diabetic kidney disease.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09735-4

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Parathyroid Lipoadenoma: A Pitfall in Preoperative Localization.

    Satoshi Fujisawa, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 8 )   1183 - 1184   2019.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1249-18

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Exogenous Vasohibin-2 Exacerbates Angiotensin II-Induced Ascending Aortic Dilation in Mice. Reviewed

    Michihiro Okuyama, Haruhito A Uchida, Yoshiko Hada, Yuki Kakio, Nozomu Otaka, Ryoko Umebayashi, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yasuhiro Fujii, Shingo Kasahara, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    Circulation reports   1 ( 4 )   155 - 161   2019.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Background: Chronic angiotensin II (AngII) infusion promotes ascending aortic dilation in C57BL/6J mice. Meanwhile, vasohibin-2 (VASH2) is an angiogenesis promoter in neovascularization under various pathologic conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate whether exogenous VASH2 influences chronic AngII-induced ascending aortic dilation. Methods and Results: Eight-ten-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were injected with adenovirus (Ad) expressing either VASH2 or LacZ. One week after the injection, mice were infused with either AngII or saline s.c. for 3 weeks. Mice were divided into 4 groups: AngII+VASH2, AngII+LacZ, saline+VASH2, and saline+LacZ. Overexpression of VASH2 significantly increased AngII-induced intimal areas as well as the external diameter of the ascending aorta. In addition, VASH2 overexpression promoted ascending aortic medial elastin fragmentation in AngII-infused mice, which was associated with increased matrix metalloproteinase activity and medial smooth muscle cell (SMC) apoptosis. On western blot analysis, accumulation of apoptotic signaling proteins, p21 and p53 was increased in the AngII+VASH2 group. Furthermore, transfection of human aortic SMC with Ad VASH2 increased p21 and p53 protein abundance upon AngII stimulation. Positive TUNEL staining was also detected in the same group of the human aortic SMC. Conclusions: Exogenous VASH2 exacerbates AngII-induced ascending aortic dilation in vivo, which is associated with increased medial apoptosis and elastin fragmentation.

    DOI: 10.1253/circrep.CR-19-0008

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The relationship between repeated measurement of casual and 24-h urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio in patients with chronic kidney disease. International journal

    Yuka Okuyama, Haruhito A Uchida, Toshiyuki Iwahori, Hiroyoshi Segawa, Ayako Kato, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Ryoko Umebayashi, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Jun Wada

    Journal of human hypertension   33 ( 4 )   286 - 297   2019.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    This study aimed to clarify the relationship between repeated measurements of casual (spot) and 24-h urinary sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratios in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 61 inpatients with CKD, 31 in stage 1-3 (eGFR [estimated glomerular filtration rate] ≥ 30 ml/min/1.73 m2) and 30 in stage 4-5 (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2), aged 20-85 consuming a low-sodium diet (NaCl [sodium chloride] 6 g/day) were recruited. Urinary Na, K, and Na/K ratios were measured in both casual urine samples and 2-day, 24 h urine samples, and then analyzed by correlation and Bland-Altman analyses. Mean 24-h urine Na/K ratio was higher in participants in stage 4-5 (5.1) than in participants in stage 1-3 (4.1) CKD. Casual urine Na/K ratio was strongly correlated with 2-day, 24-h urine Na/K ratio by sampling 4 casual urine specimens every morning and evening in participants in stage 1-3 (r = 0.69-0.78), but not in stage 4-5 (r = 0.12-0.19). The bias for mean Na/K ratio between 2-day, 24-h urine, and the 4 casual urine sampling ranged from -0.86 to 0.16 in participants in stage 1-3, and the quality of agreement for the mean of this casual urine sampling was similar to that of sampling 8 casual urine samples for estimating 2-day, 24-h values. Methods using repeated casual urine Na/K ratios may provide a reasonable estimation of 24-h urine Na/K ratio in normotensive and hypertensive as well as individuals with stage 1-3, but not stage 4-5 CKD.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41371-018-0127-1

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Orexin A modulates prolactin production by regulating BMP-4 activity in rat pituitary lactotorope cells. International journal

    Satoshi Fujisawa, Motoshi Komatsubara, Kanako Ogura-Ochi, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Kishio Toma, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    Peptides   113   35 - 40   2019.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The impact of orexins on anterior pituitary function has yet to be clarified. We studied the effects of orexin A and its interaction with the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system on the regulatory role of prolactin synthesis using rat lactotrope GH3 cells expressing BMP-4. Orexin type 1 receptor (OX1R), but not type 2 receptor (OX2R), was predominantly expressed in GH3 cells. Orexin A suppressed forskolin-induced, but not basal, prolactin mRNA expression without reducing cAMP levels. Of note, orexin A suppressed BMP-4-induced prolactin mRNA and cAMP synthesis. Impairment of the effects of orexin by chemical inhibitors suggested involvement of the P38 pathway in the OX1R activity that suppresses BMP-4-induced PRL expression. Given that inhibition of BMP-receptor signaling reduced prolactin mRNA levels, endogenous BMP action is likely to be linked to the activation of prolactin synthesis by GH3 cells. Orexin A was revealed to suppress Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation and Id-1 transcription induced by BMP-4, which was restored in the presence of orexin-receptor antagonists, suggesting that the inhibitory effect of orexin A occurred via OX1R. Orexin A also reduced ALK-3 expression but increased inhibitory Smad6/7 expression, while BMP-4 treatment downregulated OX1R expression. These results indicated that orexin A plays an inhibitory role in prolactin production through suppression of endogenous BMP activity in GH3 cells, suggesting that a new functional role of the interaction between orexin and BMP-4 is modulation of prolactin levels in lactotrope cells.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2019.01.002

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Regulation of Cathepsin E gene expression by the transcription factor Kaiso in MRL/lpr mice derived CD4+ T cells. Reviewed International journal

    Sumie Hiramatsu, Katsue S Watanabe, Sonia Zeggar, Yosuke Asano, Yoshia Miyawaki, Yuriko Yamamura, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    Scientific reports   9 ( 1 )   3054 - 3054   2019.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Nature  

    Global DNA hypomethylation in CD4+ cells in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was suggested to play a key role in the pathogenesis. To identify new methylation-sensitive genes, we integrated genome-wide DNA methylation and mRNA profiling data in CD4+ cells of MRL/lpr (MRL) and C57BL6/J (B6) mice. We identified Cathepsin E (Ctse), in which 13 methyl-CpGs within 583 bp region of intron 1 were hypomethylated, and Ctse mRNA upregulated in MRL compared with B6 mice. One of methyl-CpGs, mCGCG was 93.3 ± 2.05% methylated in B6 mice, while 80.0 ± 6.2% methylated and mutated to CGGG in MRL mice. Kaiso is known to bind to mCGCG and we hypothesized that it represses expression of Ctse in B6 mice. The binding of Kaiso to mCGCG site in B6 mice was reduced in MRL mice revealed by ChIP-PCR. EL4 cells treated with 5-azaC and/or Trichostatin A showed the suppression of binding of Kaiso to mCGCG motif by ChIP-PCR and the overexpression of Ctse was demonstrated by qPCR. Ctse gene silencing by siRNA in EL4 cells resulted in reduction of IL-10 secretion. The hypomethylation of mCGCG motif, reduced recruitment of Kaiso, and increased expression of Ctse and Il-10 in CD4+ cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE.

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-38809-y

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery protocol in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy: A randomized controlled trial. Reviewed International journal

    Kosei Takagi, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takahito Yagi, Yuzo Umeda, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Shiro Hinotsu, Takashi Matsusaki, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Masuo Senda, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)   38 ( 1 )   174 - 181   2019.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Evidence of the advantages of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the efficiency of ERAS protocols in patients following PD. METHODS: Between June 2014 and October 2016, patients undergoing PD were randomly assigned to receive ERAS protocols or standard care. The primary endpoint was the postoperative length of stay. Secondary endpoints included postoperative complications, postoperative quality-of-life (QoR-40J), readmission, and medical cost. RESULTS: Of 80 eligible patients, 74 were analyzed in intention-to-treat principles: 37 in the control group and 37 in the ERAS group. The mean length of stay in the ERAS group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (20.1 ± 5.4 vs 26.9 ± 13.5 days, P < 0.001). The ERAS group had a significantly lower percentage of postoperative complications (32.4% vs 56.8%, P = 0.034) and readmissions (0% vs 8.1%, P = 0.038). Quality-of-life was also significantly better in the ERAS group (184 ± 12.4 vs 177 ± 14.5, P = 0.022). The total medical cost was lower in the ERAS group, but not significantly ($25,445 ± 5065 vs $28,384 ± 9999, P = 0.085). CONCLUSIONS: The optimization of ERAS protocols in patients undergoing PD is safe and accelerates perioperative recovery and quality-of-life, thereby reducing the length of stay. Morbidity was significantly decreased in the ERAS group without compromising surgical outcome. REGISTRATION NUMBER: UMIN000014068.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2018.01.002

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Hemoptysis Originating from the Bronchial Artery in Takayasu Arteritis with Ulcerative Colitis. Reviewed

    Ryota Imamura, Keigo Hayashi, Ken-Ei Sada, Yuriko Yamamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)   58 ( 2 )   293 - 295   2019.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a large-vessel vasculitis affecting the aorta and its main branches. Hemoptysis can be experienced as the respiratory manifestation, but origination from a bronchial artery is rare. Ulcerative colitis (UC) shares genetic similarities with TAK; HLA-B52*01 is associated with TAK and UC. We herein report a patient who presented with hemoptysis from the right bronchial artery and was diagnosed with TAK during the follow-up of UC. Transcatheter embolization was performed, and prednisolone and tocilizumab induced remission. Complication of TAK should be considered in the clinical course of HLA-B52-positive UC patients, and tocilizumab may be a treatment option.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1463-18

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • GPIHBP1 autoantibody syndrome during interferon β1a treatment. Reviewed

    Eguchi J, Miyashita K, Fukamachi I, Nakajima K, Murakami M, Kawahara Y, Yamashita T, Ohta Y, Abe K, Nakatsuka A, Mino M, Takase S, Okazaki H, Hegele RA, Ploug M, Hu X, Wada J, Young SG, Beigneux AP

    Journal of clinical lipidology   13 ( 1 )   62 - 69   2019.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    BACKGROUND: Autoantibodies against glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored high-density lipoprotein-binding protein 1 (GPIHBP1) cause chylomicronemia by blocking the ability of GPIHBP1 to bind lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and transport the enzyme to its site of action in the capillary lumen.OBJECTIVE: A patient with multiple sclerosis developed chylomicronemia during interferon (IFN) beta 1a therapy. The chylomicronemia resolved when the IFN beta 1a therapy was discontinued. Here, we sought to determine whether the drug-induced chylomicronemia was caused by GPIHBP1 autoantibodies.METHODS: We tested plasma samples collected during and after IFN beta 1a therapy for GPIHBP1 autoantibodies (by western blotting and with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays). We also tested whether the patient's plasma blocked the binding of LPL to GPIHBP1 on GPIHBP1-expressing cells.RESULTS: During IFN beta 1a therapy, the plasma contained GPIHBP1 autoantibodies, and those autoantibodies blocked GPIHBP1's ability to bind LPL. Thus, the chylomicronemia was because of the GPIHBP1 autoantibody syndrome. Consistent with that diagnosis, the plasma levels of GPIHBP1 and LPL were very low. After IFN beta 1a therapy was stopped, the plasma triglyceride levels returned to normal, and GPIHBPI autoantibodies were undetectable.CONCLUSION: The appearance of GPIHBP1 autoantibodies during IFN Pla therapy caused chylomicronemia. The GPIHBP1 autoantibodies disappeared when the IFN beta 1a therapy was stopped, and the plasma triglyceride levels fell within the normal range. (C) 2018 National Lipid Association. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jacl.2018.10.004

    Web of Science

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Lymphoproliferative disease in a patient with Takayasu arteritis and ulcerative colitis Reviewed

    Yosuke Asano, Ken-Ei Sada, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Noriyuki Tanaka, Sakiko Hiraoka, Jun Wada

    Modern Rheumatology Case Reports   3 ( 1 )   34   2019.1

     More details

    Publisher:Informa {UK} Limited  

    DOI: 10.1080/24725625.2018.1507271

    researchmap

  • Risk factors for cytomegalovirus infection in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis. Reviewed International journal

    Michiko Morishita, Ken-Ei Sada, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Keigo Hayashi, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    PloS one   14 ( 7 )   e0218705   2019

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    AIMS: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection under immunosuppression sometimes causes death. This study aimed to elucidate risk factors for CMV infection in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Patients with AAV who underwent remission induction treatment at Okayama University Hospital between 2006 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was the development of CMV infection within 3 months. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients, 13 (11.7%) patients developed CMV infection. Patients with CMV infection were older (p = 0.030) and had a higher body mass index (p = 0.029) in comparison to those without CMV infection. A higher proportion had a severe form (p = 0.001) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (p = 0.001), as well as a higher Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (p = 0.018) and C-reactive protein (p = 0.018) levels at baseline. Using logistic regression analysis, severe form and GPA were independent risk factors (odds ratio [OR] = 9.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.92-60.23, and OR = 7.46, 95% CI = 1.46-47.60, respectively). In addition, patients with CMV infection were more likely than those without infection to be glucocorticoid-related diabetes mellitus (p = 0.025). CONCLUSION: Our study highlights disease severity and subgroups of AAV as risk factors for CMV infection.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0218705

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Thrombocytosis as a prognostic factor in polymyalgia rheumatica: characteristics determined from cluster analysis. Reviewed International journal

    Keigo Hayashi, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Ken-Ei Sada, Kenta Shidahara, Yosuke Asano, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano, Yuriko Yamamura, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Therapeutic advances in musculoskeletal disease   11   1759720X19864822   2019

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Background: This study aimed to identify the clinical subgroups of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) using cluster analysis and compare the outcomes among the identified subgroups. Methods: We enrolled patients with PMR who were diagnosed at Okayama University Hospital, Japan between 2006 and 2017, met the 2012 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology provisional classification criteria for PMR, and were treated with glucocorticoids. Hierarchical cluster analysis using variables selected by principal component analysis was performed to identify the clusters. Subsequently, the outcomes among the identified clusters were compared in the study. The primary outcome was treatment response at 1 month after commencement of treatment. The secondary outcome was refractory clinical course, which was defined as the requirement of additional treatments or relapse during a 2-year observational period. Results: A total of 61 consecutive patients with PMR were enrolled in the study. Their mean age was 71 years, and 67% were female. Hierarchical cluster analysis revealed three distinct subgroups: cluster 1 (n = 14) was characterized by patients with thrombocytosis (all patients showed a platelet count of >45 × 10⁴/µl), cluster 2 (n = 38), by patients without peripheral arthritis, and cluster 3 (n = 9), by patients with peripheral arthritis. The patients in cluster 1 achieved treatment response less frequently than those in cluster 2 (14% versus 47%, p = 0.030). Refractory cases were more frequent in cluster 1 than in cluster 2; however, no significant difference was noted (71% versus 42%, p = 0.06). Conclusions: Thrombocytosis could predict the clinical course in patients with PMR.

    DOI: 10.1177/1759720X19864822

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Urine 5MedC, a Marker of DNA Methylation, in the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease. Reviewed International journal

    Akifumi Onishi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Toshio Yamanari, Keiko Tanaka, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masaru Kinomura, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    Disease markers   2019   5432453 - 5432453   2019

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Background: Alterations in DNA methylation may be involved in disease progression in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have suggested that 5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine (5MedC) may be a marker of hypermethylation of DNA. Currently, there is no information available regarding the urine levels of 5MedC and its association with the progression of CKD. Method: We examined the urine levels of 5MedC in spot urine samples from 308 patients with CKD (median age: 56 years, male: 53.2%, and glomerulonephritis: 51.0%) using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and investigated the relationships among urine 5MedC, urine albumin, urine α1-microglobulin (α1MG), and the laboratory parameters associated with CKD. The patients were followed for three years to evaluate renal endpoints in a prospective manner. Results: The urine 5MedC level was significantly increased in the later stages of CKD compared to the early to middle stages of CKD. In multiple logistic regression models, urine 5MedC was significantly associated with the prediction of later CKD stages. Urine 5MedC (median value, 65.9 μmol/gCr) was significantly able to predict a 30% decline in the estimated GFR or a development of end-stage renal disease when combined with macroalbuminuria or an increased level of urine α1MG (median value, 5.7 mg/gCr). Conclusion: The present data demonstrate that the urine 5MedC level is associated with a reduced renal function and can serve as a novel and potent biomarker for predicting the renal outcome in CKD patients. Further studies will be necessary to elucidate the role of urine DNA methylation in the progression of CKD.

    DOI: 10.1155/2019/5432453

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Report of health checkup system for chronic kidney disease in general population in Okayama city: effect of health guidance intervention on chronic kidney disease outcome. International journal

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hiroyuki Watatani, Yohei Maeshima, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    International journal of nephrology and renovascular disease   12   143 - 152   2019

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Background: From 2011, Okayama municipal government started the health checkup follow-up project to find those who were unaware of suffering chronic kidney disease and to prevent from aggravation of CKD stage. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of 2 years' CKD-follow-up project regarding renal function and CKD risks. Patients and methods: Those who received a health checkup by the national health insurance in Okayama city in 2011 were recruited. The patients with lifestyle-related diseases or metabolic syndrome were excluded. Subjects who had an estimated glomerular filtration rate<50 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urinary protein positive by dipstick test were defined as compromised renal function group. They were recommended to visit a medical institution. Non-compromised renal function participants with two or more risks for CKD (hyperglycemia, higher blood pressure, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia) were recommended to receive a health guidance (risk group). The change of renal function and CKD risks between 2011 and 2013 in each group was examined. Results: A total of 28,309 people received a health checkup in 2011. In compromised renal function group, 39.5% (96/243) of the subjects improved their CKD stages in 2013 regardless of the visit of medical institutions or the frequency of receiving health checkup. In risk group, 63.4% (260/410) of the subjects decreased their CKD risks in 2013 independent of the reception of health guidance. Conclusion: In both compromised renal function group and risk group, more than half of subjects kept their kidney function (217/243) and decreased the number of CKD risks (260/410) in 2 years' follow-up. Receiving a health checkup itself and notification of one's own health condition could exert a protective effect on kidney function.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S198781

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Acquired partial lipoatrophy as graft-versus-host disease and treatment with metreleptin: two case reports. Reviewed International journal

    Yusuke Shibata, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Satoshi Miyamoto, Yukari Masuda, Motoharu Awazawa, Akinobu Takaki, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takahito Yagi, Jun Wada

    Journal of medical case reports   12 ( 1 )   368 - 368   2018.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    INTRODUCTION: Acquired partial lipoatrophy has been reported after bone marrow transplantation during childhood; however, no adult cases have previously been reported. We herein report two adult cases of acquired partial lipoatrophy after transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old Japanese woman developed diabetic ketoacidosis and received insulin therapy after bone marrow transplantation. She manifested partial lipoatrophy of the extremities, prominent insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and fatty liver. A 40-year-old Japanese woman underwent liver transplantation from a living donor for alcoholic liver disease after abstinence from alcohol. She newly developed non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and diabetes. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis progressed to liver failure, and a second liver transplantation from a brain-dead donor was performed at 42 years of age. She demonstrated loss of subdermal fat of the upper and lower extremities, prominent insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. In both cases, the injection of recombinant methionyl human leptin reversed all of the metabolic abnormalities. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired partial lipoatrophy after transplantation is a manifestation of chronic graft-versus-host disease in adults. This entity is associated with diabetes with prominent insulin resistance and severe hypertriglycemia and can be successfully treated with metreleptin for the long term.

    DOI: 10.1186/s13256-018-1901-y

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm in aged population. International journal

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Wada

    Aging   10 ( 12 )   3650 - 3651   2018.12

     More details

  • Diabetic nephropathy is associated with frailty in patients with chronic hemodialysis. Reviewed

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A Uchida, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Michihiro Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Kentaro Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Shingo Kasahara, Jun Wada

    Geriatrics & gerontology international   18 ( 12 )   1597 - 1602   2018.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    AIM: Since 1998, the leading cause of chronic hemodialysis in Japan has been diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes mellitus is known to be a risk factor for frailty, but it still remains unknown whether diabetic nephropathy is associated with frailty in chronic dialysis patients. The authors carried out the present study to reveal the association between frailty and diabetic nephropathy in chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A total of 355 patients who were on hemodialysis were recruited. Participants were divided into two groups of either patients who suffered diabetic nephropathy with end-stage renal disease (DN group, n = 150) or not (Non-DN group, n = 205). The authors investigated the difference of the prevalence of frailty between the two groups. Furthermore, the authors examined the risk factors for frailty. RESULTS: The prevalence of frailty in the DN group was significantly higher than that in the Non-DN group (28.0% vs 16.5%, P = 0.0161). To evaluate the association between frailty and its risk factors, we compared frail patients (n = 71) and non-frail patients (n = 262). After adjusting their interrelationships by using multivariate logistic regression analysis, diabetic nephropathy was determined as a significant risk factor for frailty. CONCLUSIONS: The authors found the close association between frailty and diabetic nephropathy in chronic hemodialysis patients. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; 18: 1597-1602.

    DOI: 10.1111/ggi.13534

    PubMed

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6508-4338

  • Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-positive familial Mediterranean fever and hyperthyroidism: A case report. International journal

    Sorato Segoe, Ken-Ei Sada, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Jun Wada

    Medicine   97 ( 51 )   e13805   2018.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    RATIONALE: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetic autoinflammatory disorder characterized by serositis and recurrent fever. Previous reports identified patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive FMF, but vasculitis symptoms were not reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 44-year-old man with numbness. He had a history of 3 episodes of pleurisy and was being treated with propylthiouracil for hyperthyroidism. Because he was ANCA-positive, we suspected drug-induced ANCA-associated vasculitis and propylthiouracil was discontinued. However, his numbness was not ameliorated, and he again developed high fever with pleurisy. DIAGNOSIS: Diagnosis of FMF was finally made, and genetic analysis revealed compound heterozygous mutations in exon 2 of the familial Mediterranean fever gene (L110P/E148Q). INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with 0.5 mg/day of colchicine. OUTCOMES: His numbness improved, and fever has not recurred. LESSONS: Appearance of ANCA and development of vasculitis should be considered in a clinical course of FMF with hyperthyroidism.

    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013805

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Progressive reduction of serum complement levels: a risk factor for relapse in patients with hypocomplementemia in systemic lupus erythematosus Reviewed

    Y Miyawaki, K Sada, Y Asano, K Hayashi, Y Yamamura, S Hiramatsu, K Ohashi, M Morishita, H Watanabe, Y Matsumoto, T Kawabata, J Wada

    Lupus   27 ( 13 )   2093   2018.11

     More details

    Publisher:{SAGE} Publications  

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203318804892

    researchmap

  • An open-label pilot study on preventing glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus with linagliptin. Reviewed International journal

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Keigo Hayashi, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Journal of medical case reports   12 ( 1 )   288 - 288   2018.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: Numerous patients develop diabetes in response to glucocorticoid therapy. This study explored the efficacy, safety, and preventive potential of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, linagliptin (TRADJENTA®), in the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus. METHODS: From December 2014 to November 2015, we recruited non-diabetic Japanese patients scheduled for treatment with daily prednisolone ≥20 mg. Enrolled patients had at least one of following risk factors for glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus: estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤ 60 mL/minute/1.73 m2; age ≥ 65 years; hemoglobin A1c > 6.0%. A daily dose of 5 mg of linagliptin was administered simultaneously with glucocorticoid therapy. The primary outcome was the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus. Additional orally administered hypoglycemic medications and/or insulin injection therapy was initiated according to the blood glucose level. RESULTS: Four of five patients developed glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus within 1 week of glucocorticoid treatment. For 12 weeks, two of the four patients with glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus required orally administered medications, but no patients required insulin. Blood glucose levels before breakfast and lunch tended to decrease with time; the median glucose levels before breakfast were 93 and 79.5 mg/dL at 1 and 3 weeks, respectively. Two patients experienced mild hypoglycemia around 2 weeks. Glucose levels after lunch remained high throughout all 4 weeks despite decreasing the glucocorticoid dosage. CONCLUSIONS: Linagliptin may be insufficient to prevent the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus but has the potential to reduce the requirement for insulin injection therapy. Treatment of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus was continued for at least 1 month and fasting hypoglycemia in early morning should be monitored after 2 weeks. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered 02 November 2014 with UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (no. 000015588 ).

    DOI: 10.1186/s13256-018-1817-6

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Renal expression of trefoil factor 3 mRNA in association with tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgA nephropathy. Reviewed International journal

    Keiko Tanaka, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Toshio Yamanari, Koki Mise, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Jun Eguchi, Yasukazu Ohmoto, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Nephrology (Carlton, Vic.)   23 ( 9 )   855 - 862   2018.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    AIM: Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is a small peptide that is involved in mucosal protection. TFF3 is widely expressed in multiple tissues including kidney tissue. Previous studies have reported that the levels of urinary TFF3 are significantly increased in patients with chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study is to detect the TFF3 mRNA in kidney and elucidate the relationship between renal TFF3 mRNA and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: We investigated the renal mRNA expression of TFF3 by real-time PCR analysis in biopsy specimens from patients with IgAN, other glomerulonephritis (OGN) and minor glomerular abnormalities (MGA). We also determined the renal localization of TFF3 and the levels of urinary TFF3 by immunostaining and ELISA, respectively. RESULTS: The renal TFF3 mRNA expression was significantly associated with the urinary TFF3 secretion and the tubulointerstitial fibrosis score in the IgAN group alone. Immunostaining of the renal specimen of IgAN patients revealed that TFF3 is located in the renal tubular epithelial cells. The locations were almost the same as those that showed uromodulin positivity; specifically, the thick ascending limb (TAL) of the loop of Henle and the early portion of the distal tubule. The urinary TFF3 levels were positively correlated with the levels of urinary biomarkers of tubulointerstitial injury in such patients. CONCLUSION: Renal TFF3 mRNA is associated with renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgAN patients. The TFF3 located in the renal tubular epithelial cells may play a role in the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in IgAN patients.

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.13444

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Chronic kidney disease is associated with carotid atherosclerosis and symptomatic ischaemic stroke. International journal

    Nobuo Kajitani, Haruhito A Uchida, Isao Suminoe, Yuki Kakio, Masashi Kitagawa, Hajime Sato, Jun Wada

    The Journal of international medical research   46 ( 9 )   3873 - 3883   2018.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Objective We aimed to investigate the relationships among chronic kidney disease (CKD), symptomatic ischaemic stroke, and carotid atherosclerosis. Methods We enrolled 455 patients who underwent carotid ultrasonography in our hospital, including 311 patients with symptomatic ischaemic stroke and 144 patients without symptomatic ischaemic stroke. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), the rate of internal carotid artery stenosis, and maximal plaque size were evaluated. Results The mean age of the patients was 68.5 ± 11.0 years and the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 68.8 ± 18.2 mL/min/1.73 m2. After adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors, the mean IMT was significantly higher in patients with CKD than in those without CKD. The IMT and eGFR were negatively correlated in patients with stroke (r = -0.169). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that mean IMT, plaque size, and internal carotid artery stenosis were significant determinants of symptomatic ischaemic stroke after adjustment of multivariate risk factors. Furthermore, the eGFR was a negative determinant of symptomatic ischaemic stroke after adjusting for classical risk factors (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] = 0.868 [0.769-0.979]). Conclusion CKD might be associated with the carotid atherosclerosis and symptomatic ischaemic stroke.

    DOI: 10.1177/0300060518781619

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Peripheral artery disease is associated with frailty in chronic hemodialysis patients. Reviewed International journal

    Michihiro Okuyama, Hidemi Takeuchi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Yuka Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Kentaro Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Shingo Kasahara, Jun Wada

    Vascular   26 ( 4 )   425 - 431   2018.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Objectives The clinical condition of frailty is a common problem in the elderly population. However, the relationship between peripheral artery disease and frailty in hemodialysis patients remains unknown. The aim of this study was to identify the relationships between peripheral artery disease and frailty in Japanese chronic hemodialysis patients. Methods A total of 362 chronic hemodialysis patients who regularly visited six institutions were enrolled. To evaluate frailty, the modified Fried's frailty phenotype adjusted for Japanese were used. Peripheral artery disease was defined as ankle-brachial index <0.9. Results Of 362 patients, 62 patients (17.1%) were categorized as peripheral artery disease group and 300 patients (82.9%) as Non-peripheral artery disease group. The prevalence of frailty in the peripheral artery disease group was significantly higher than in the Non-peripheral artery disease group (34% vs. 18%, P = 0.0103). Non-shunt side grip strength was significantly stronger in the Non-peripheral artery disease group (23.6 kg vs. 17.0 kg, P < 0.0001). Thigh circumferences were also significantly larger in the Non-peripheral artery disease group (41.7 cm vs. 39.7 cm, P = 0.0054). A multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the factors independently associated with peripheral artery disease were as follows: frailty (odds ratio = 2.06, 95% confidence interval 1.09-3.89) and myocardial infarction (odds ratio = 3.74, 95% confidence interval 2.05-6.83). Conclusions It is concluded that peripheral artery disease is closely associated with frailty in hemodialysis patients.

    DOI: 10.1177/1708538118756690

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Identification of Novel Urinary Biomarkers for Predicting Renal Prognosis in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes by Glycan Profiling in a Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study: U-CARE Study 1. Reviewed International journal

    Koki Mise, Mariko Imamura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Atsuhito Tone, Haruhito A Uchida, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Daisuke Ogawa, Michihiro Yoshida, Masao Yamada, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    Diabetes care   41 ( 8 )   1765 - 1775   2018.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVE: Because quantifying glycans with complex structures is technically challenging, little is known about the association of glycosylation profiles with the renal prognosis in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In 675 patients with type 2 diabetes, we assessed the baseline urinary glycan signals binding to 45 lectins with different specificities. The end point was a decrease of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by ≥30% from baseline or dialysis for end-stage renal disease. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 4.0 years, 63 patients reached the end point. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that urinary levels of glycans binding to six lectins were significantly associated with the outcome after adjustment for known indicators of DKD, although these urinary glycans, except that for DBA, were highly correlated with baseline albuminuria and eGFR. Hazard ratios for these lectins were (+1 SD for the glycan index) as follows: SNA (recognizing glycan Siaα2-6Gal/GalNAc), 1.42 (95% CI 1.14-1.76); RCA120 (Galβ4GlcNAc), 1.28 (1.01-1.64); DBA (GalNAcα3GalNAc), 0.80 (0.64-0.997); ABA (Galβ3GalNAc), 1.29 (1.02-1.64); Jacalin (Galβ3GalNAc), 1.30 (1.02-1.67); and ACA (Galβ3GalNAc), 1.32 (1.04-1.67). Adding these glycan indexes to a model containing known indicators of progression improved prediction of the outcome (net reclassification improvement increased by 0.51 [0.22-0.80], relative integrated discrimination improvement increased by 0.18 [0.01-0.35], and the Akaike information criterion decreased from 296 to 287). CONCLUSIONS: The urinary glycan profile identified in this study may be useful for predicting renal prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Additional investigation of glycosylation changes and urinary glycan excretion in DKD is needed.

    DOI: 10.2337/dc18-0030

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Refractory neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder in systemic lupus erythematosus successfully treated with rituximab Reviewed

    K. Shidahara, K. Hayashi, K. E. Sada, S. Hiramatsu, M. Morishita, H. Watanabe, Y. Matsumoto, T. Kawabata, J. Wada

    Lupus   27 ( 8 )   1374 - 1377   2018.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE Publications Ltd  

    We present a case of a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who had refractory episodes of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and was successfully treated with rituximab. She was positive for anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody and had typical cranial and longitudinally extended spinal lesions but no optic nerve involvement. There is no established treatment for NMOSD/SLE overlap cases. Our experience suggests that rituximab may be effective for patients with combined SLE and anti-AQP4 antibody-positive NMOSD.

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203318760994

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Role of Lgals9 Deficiency in Attenuating Nephritis and Arthritis in BALB/c Mice in a Pristane-Induced Lupus Model. Reviewed International journal

    Sonia Zeggar, Katsue S Watanabe, Sanae Teshigawara, Sumie Hiramatsu, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Toshiro Niki, Mitsuomi Hirashima, Jun Wada

    Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.)   70 ( 7 )   1089 - 1101   2018.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVE: In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease associated with multiple organ involvement, the development of lupus nephritis determines prognosis, and arthritis impairs quality of life. Galectin 9 (Gal-9, Lgals9) is a β-galactoside-binding lectin that has been used for clinical application in autoimmune diseases, since recombinant Gal-9, as a ligand for T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3 (TIM-3), induces apoptosis of activated CD4+TIM-3+ Th1 cells. This study was undertaken to investigate whether deficiency of Lgals9 has beneficial or deleterious effects on lupus in a murine model. METHODS: Gal-9+/+ and Gal-9-/- female BALB/c mice were injected with pristane, and the severity of arthritis, proteinuria, and levels of autoantibody production were assessed at several time points immediately following injection. At 7 months after pristane injection, renal pathologic features, the severity of joint inflammation, and formation of lipogranulomas were evaluated. Subsets of inflammatory cells in the spleen and peritoneal lavage were characterized, and expression levels of cytokines from peritoneal macrophages were analyzed. RESULTS: Lgals9 deficiency protected against the development of immune complex glomerulonephritis, arthritis, and peritoneal lipogranuloma formation in BALB/c mice in this murine model of pristane-induced lupus. The populations of T cell subsets and B cells in the spleen and peritoneum were not altered by Lgals9 deficiency in pristane-injected BALB/c mice. Furthermore, Lgals9 deficiency protected against pristane-induced lupus without altering the Toll-like receptor 7-type I interferon pathway. CONCLUSION: Gal-9 is required for the induction and development of lupus nephritis and arthritis in this murine model of SLE. The results of the current investigation provide a potential new strategy in which antagonism of Gal-9 may be beneficial for the treatment of nephritis and arthritis in patients with SLE through targeting of activated macrophages.

    DOI: 10.1002/art.40467

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Development of a novel estimation method for hemoglobin A1c using glycated albumin in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with end-stage renal disease.

    Akihiko Nakamura, Ryo Kodera, Noriko Sakamoto, Haruyo Ujike, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    Diabetology international   9 ( 3 )   179 - 188   2018.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Aim: We developed a novel estimation method for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This method is based on the glycated albumin (GA) level. Methods: Of the 788 Japanese patients with T2D included in this study, 545 had normal renal function (NRF group) and 243 had ESRD. Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) were performed in 80 subjects. The variables GA, body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin (Hb), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were significantly associated with the GA-to-HbA1c ratio and were used to determine the estimated HbA1c (eHbA1c). One method of estimating HbA1c involved dividing GA by the GA-to-HbA1c ratio predicted from the estimated regression equation; the estimated HbA1c obtained in this manner was denoted eHbA1c-1. Results: eHbA1c-1 (%) = GA × [4.688 - 18.833 × GA-1 - 0.015 × BMI - 0.037 × Hb (- 0.002 × eGFR for patients without ESRD)]-1; adjusted R 2 = 0.676 for actual HbA1c. The sensitivity of eHbA1c-1 was better than that of GA for diabetes diagnosis using the 75-g OGTT. There were no differences in the slope of eHbA1c-1 versus GA and the variance of eHbA1c-1 between the ESRD and NRF groups. eHbA1c-1 was not associated with Hb, erythropoiesis-stimulating agent use, or ESRD concomitance. Conclusions: eHbA1c-1 may be a useful parameter for estimating HbA1c in T2D patients with ESRD.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13340-018-0342-6

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Endogenous Antiangiogenic Factors in Chronic Kidney Disease: Potential Biomarkers of Progression. Reviewed International journal

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    International journal of molecular sciences   19 ( 7 )   1859   2018.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major global health problem. Unless intensive intervention is initiated, some patients can rapidly progress to end-stage kidney disease. However, it is often difficult to predict renal outcomes using conventional laboratory tests in individuals with CKD. Therefore, many researchers have been searching for novel biomarkers to predict the progression of CKD. Angiogenesis is involved in physiological and pathological processes in the kidney and is regulated by the balance between a proangiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and various endogenous antiangiogenic factors. In recent reports using genetically engineered mice, the roles of these antiangiogenic factors in the pathogenesis of kidney disease have become increasingly clear. In addition, recent clinical studies have demonstrated associations between circulating levels of antiangiogenic factors and renal dysfunction in CKD patients. In this review, we summarize recent advances in the study of representative endogenous antiangiogenic factors, including soluble fms-related tyrosine kinase 1, soluble endoglin, pigment epithelium-derived factor, VEGF-A165b, endostatin, and vasohibin-1, in associations with kidney diseases and discuss their predictive potentials as biomarkers of progression of CKD.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms19071859

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Rationale and study design of a clinical trial to assess the effects of LDL apheresis on proteinuria in diabetic patients with severe proteinuria and dyslipidemia Reviewed

    Takashi Wada, Eri Muso, Shoichi Maruyama, Akinori Hara, Kengo Furuichi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Mariko Miyazaki, Eiichi Sato, Masanori Abe, Yugo Shibagaki, Ichiei Narita, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Noriko Mori, Yukio Yuzawa, Takeshi Matsubara, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Jun Wada, Takafumi Ito, Kosuke Masutani, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Shoichi Fujimoto, Akihiro Tsuda, Hitoshi Suzuki, Kenji Kasuno, Yoshio Terada, Takeshi Nakata, Noriaki Iino, Shuzo Kobayashi

    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology   22 ( 3 )   591 - 596   2018.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Tokyo  

    Background: Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of end-stage kidney disease in the world. Although various types of treatment for diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia have improved prognosis and quality of life in patients with diabetic nephropathy, there still exist some diabetic patients with severe proteinuria showing poor prognosis. This clinical trial, LICENSE, aims to confirm the impact of LDL apheresis on proteinuria exhibiting hyporesponsiveness to treatment. Methods: This ongoing trial is a multicenter, prospective study of diabetic patients with severe proteinuria. The objective is to examine the impact of LDL apheresis on proteinuria in patients with diabetic nephropathy. The other subject is to investigate safety of LDL apheresis in these patients. Results: The subjects consist of diabetic patients with serum creatinine (Cr) levels below 2 mg/dL who present severe proteinuria above 3 g/g Cr or 3 g/day and LDL cholesterol above 120 mg/dL. The target number of registered patients will be 35 patients. Urinary protein excretion and renal function will be observed for 24 weeks after the treatment of LDL apheresis. Conclusion: This study will determine the effectiveness and safety of LDL apheresis for diabetic nephropathy patients with severe proteinuria and dyslipidemia.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-017-1488-4

    Scopus

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • IgA Nephropathy Complicated with X-linked Thrombocytopenia. Reviewed

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Masashi Kitagawa, Yuka Arata, Ayako Kato, Akiko Inoue-Torii, Norikazu Hinamoto, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Acta medica Okayama   72 ( 3 )   301 - 307   2018.6

     More details

    Language:English  

    Renal involvement is occasionally observed in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT). It has been reported that galactose-deficient IgA is a closely linked to IgA nephropathy (IgAN), suggesting that patients with XLT/WAS associated with reduced galactosylation on serum IgA are susceptible to IgAN. It is necessary to pay more attention to patients with IgAN due to the potential complication with XLT/WAS. We here present a patient of XLT complicated with mild IgAN who underwent tonsillectomy combined with steroid pulse therapy to achieve complete clinical remission.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/56077

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Estrogen-related receptor α is essential for maintaining mitochondrial integrity in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury. Reviewed International journal

    Keigo Tsushida, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Kana Masuda, Satoshi Tanimura, Hiromasa Miyake, Yuka Arata, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    Biochemical and biophysical research communications   498 ( 4 )   918 - 924   2018.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Elsevier B.V.  

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been associated with not only higher in-hospital mortality but also the subsequent development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent evidence has suggested the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired dynamics in the pathogenesis of AKI. Estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) is an orphan nuclear receptor that acts as a transcription factor to regulate the transcription of genes required for mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation. In the present study, we examined the effects of ERRα deficiency on the progression of AKI induced by cisplatin. Male C57BL/6 J wild-type and ERRα-/- mice received a single intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg cisplatin. Seventy-two hours after the injection, kidney function and morphology were evaluated. ERRα expression was observed in renal tubules, and cisplatin inhibited its translocation into nuclei. ERRα deficiency exacerbated cisplatin-induced renal dysfunction and tubular injury, as well as oxidative stress and apoptosis. ERRα-/- mice kidneys revealed lower mitochondrial DNA content and swollen mitochondria with reduced cristae. In addition, these mice had lower expression of the mitochondrial fusion protein mitofusin-2. The cisplatin-induced decrease in mitochondrial DNA and altered mitochondrial structure were more severe in ERRα-/- mice. In cultured mouse proximal tubular epithelial cells, the ERRα inverse agonist XCT-790 significantly inhibited mitofusin-2 expression and induced mitochondrial fragmentation. Taken together, our findings suggest the involvement of ERRα in the progression of cisplatin-induced AKI probably through impaired mitochondrial dynamics.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.03.080

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Incretins modulate progesterone biosynthesis by regulating bone morphogenetic protein activity in rat granulosa cells Reviewed

    Yuki Nishiyama, Toru Hasegawa, Shiho Fujita, Nahoko Iwata, Satoko Nagao, Takeshi Hosoya, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology   178   82 - 88   2018.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Elsevier Ltd  

    The effects of incretins on ovarian steroidogenesis have not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the effects of incretins, including GIP and GLP-1, on ovarian steroidogenesis using rat primary granulosa cells. Treatment with incretins significantly suppressed progesterone synthesis in the presence of FSH, and the effect of GIP was more potent than that of GLP-1. In contrast, incretins had no significant effect on estrogen synthesis by rat granulosa cells. In accordance with the effects of incretins on steroidogenesis, GIP and GLP-1 suppressed the expression of progesterogenic factors and enzymes, including StAR, P450scc, 3βHSD, but not P450arom, and cellular cAMP synthesis induced by FSH. In addition, incretins moderately increased FSHR mRNA expression in granulosa cells. Of note, treatment with GIP, but not treatment with GLP-1, augmented Smad1/5/8 phosphorylation and transcription of the BMP target gene Id-1 induced by BMP-6 stimulation, suggesting that GIP upregulates BMP receptor signaling that can inhibit FSH-induced progesterone synthesis in rat granulosa cells. On the other hand, BMP-6 treatment suppressed the expression of GIP receptor but not that of GLP-1 receptor. Expression of the BMP type-I receptor ALK-3 was upregulated by treatment with GIP and GLP-1 and that of ALK-6 was also increased by GIP, while inhibitory Smad6 expression was impaired by GIP and GLP-1 in rat granulosa cells. Collectively, the results indicate that incretins, particularly GIP, impair FSH-induced progesterone production, at least in part, by upregulating BMP signaling in rat granulosa cells. The modulatory effects of incretins on endogenous BMP activity may be applicable to treatment of dysregulated steroidogenesis such as polycystic ovary syndrome.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2017.11.004

    Scopus

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Cilostazol Attenuates Angiotensin II-Induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms but Not Atherosclerosis in Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice. Reviewed International journal

    Ryoko Umebayashi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Venkateswaran Subramanian, Alan Daugherty, Jun Wada

    Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology   38 ( 4 )   903 - 912   2018.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Lippincott Williams and Wilkins  

    OBJECTIVE: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta associated with rupture, which frequently results in fatal consequences. AAA tissue is commonly characterized by localized structural deterioration accompanied with inflammation and profound accumulation of leukocytes, although the specific function of these cells is unknown. Cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, is commonly used for patients with peripheral vascular disease or stroke because of its anti-platelet aggregation effect and anti-inflammatory effect, which is vasoprotective effect. In this study, we evaluated the effects of cilostazol on angiotensin II-induced AAA formation. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were fed either normal diet or a diet containing cilostazol (0.1% wt/wt). After 1 week of diet consumption, mice were infused with angiotensin II (1000 ng/kg per minute) for 4 weeks. Angiotensin II infusion increased maximal diameters of abdominal aortas, whereas cilostazol administration significantly attenuated dilatation of abdominal aortas, thereby, reducing AAA incidence. Cilostazol also reduced macrophage accumulation, matrix metalloproteinases activation, and inflammatory gene expression in the aortic media. In cultured vascular endothelial cells, cilostazol reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines and adhesive molecules through activation of the cAMP-PKA (protein kinase A) pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Cilostazol attenuated angiotensin II-induced AAA formation by its anti-inflammatory effect through phosphodiesterase III inhibition in the aortic wall. Cilostazol may be a promising new therapeutic option for AAAs.

    DOI: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.309707

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • The Prevalence of Frailty and its Associated Factors in Japanese Hemodialysis Patients. Reviewed International journal

    Hidemi Takeuchi, Haruhito A Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Yuka Okuyama, Michihiro Okuyama, Ryoko Umebayashi, Kentaro Wada, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Ken Sugimoto, Hiromi Rakugi, Jun Wada

    Aging and disease   9 ( 2 )   192 - 207   2018.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    The population undergoing dialysis is aging worldwide, particularly in Japan. The clinical condition of frailty is the most problematic expression in the elderly population. Potential pathophysiological factors of frailty present in patients with CKD and are accentuated in patients with ESRD. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and predictors of frailty in Japanese HD patients. This study was a multicenter, cross-sectional and observational investigation conducted at 6 institutions. To evaluate frailty, the modified Fried's frailty phenotype adjusted for Japanese as the self-reported questionnaire was used. Of the 542 patients visiting each institution, 388 were enrolled in this study. In total, 26.0% of participants were categorized as not-frailty, 52.6% as pre-frailty and 21.4% as frailty. The prevalence of frailty increased steadily with age and was more prevalent in females than in males and the subjects with frailty received polypharmacy. A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the factors independently associated with frailty were the following: female gender (odds ratio [OR] = 3.661, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.398-9.588), age (OR = 1.065, 95% CI 1.014-1.119), age ≥ 75 years old (OR = 4.892, 95% CI 1.715-13.955), body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 (OR = 0.110, 95% CI 0.0293-0.416), number of medications being taken (OR = 1.351, 95% CI 1.163-1.570), diabetes mellitus (DM) (OR = 2.765, 95% CI 1.081-7.071) and MNA-SF ≤ 11 (OR = 7.405, 95% CI 2.732-20.072). Frailty was associated with the accumulation of risk factors. The prevalence of frailty in Japanese patients with HD was relatively lower than that previously reported in Western developed countries; however, it was extremely high compared to the general population regardless of age. Our findings suggest that frailty might be associated with an increase in the prevalence of adverse health outcomes in patients with HD.

    DOI: 10.14336/AD.2017.0429

    PubMed

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6508-4338

  • The KCNQ1 gene polymorphism as a shared genetic risk for rheumatoid arthritis and chronic periodontitis in Japanese adults: A pilot case-control study. Reviewed International journal

    Tetsuo Kobayashi, Jun-Ichi Kido, Yuichi Ishihara, Kazuhiro Omori, Satoshi Ito, Takato Matsuura, Takashi Bando, Jun Wada, Akira Murasawa, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Akio Mitani, Shogo Takashiba, Toshihiko Nagata, Hiromasa Yoshie

    Journal of periodontology   89 ( 3 )   315 - 324   2018.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    BACKGROUND: A number of studies have suggested a bidirectional relationship of periodontitis with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the genetic factors that underlie these relationships have not been elucidated. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter case-control study that included 185 patients with RA and chronic periodontitis (CP), 149 patients with T2DM and CP, 251 patients with CP, and 130 systemically and periodontally healthy controls from a cohort of Japanese adults to assess the shared genetic risk factors for RA and CP as well as for T2DM and CP. A total of 17 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with RA, T2DM, and CP were genotyped. RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that the KCNQ1 rs2237892 was significantly associated with comorbidity of RA and CP (P = 0.005) after adjustment for age, sex, and smoking status. The carriers of the T allele among patients with RA and CP showed significantly higher disease activity scores including 28 joints using C-reactive protein values than the non-carriers (P = 0.02), although the age, female percentage, and smoking status were comparable. Other SNPs were not associated with comorbidity of RA and CP, T2DM and CP, or susceptibility to CP. CONCLUSION: The results of the present pilot study suggest for the first time that the KCNQ1 rs2237892 may constitute a shared genetic risk factor for RA and CP, but not for T2DM and CP in Japanese adults.

    DOI: 10.1002/JPER.17-0412

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • High calcium enhances the expression of double-stranded RNA sensors and antiviral activity in epidermal keratinocytes Reviewed

    Yuriko Yamamura, Shin Morizane, Takenobu Yamamoto, Jun Wada, Keiji Iwatsuki

    Experimental Dermatology   27 ( 2 )   129 - 134   2018.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

    Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) sensors including TLR3, MDA5 and RIG-I are expressed in epidermal keratinocytes and play an important immunological role by enhancing various innate and adaptive immune responses. Although the role of elevated extracellular calcium concentration in keratinocyte differentiation is well understood, the effect of high calcium on dsRNA sensors is not well studied. We investigated alterations in dsRNA sensor expression and antiviral activity induced by a high extracellular concentration of calcium in epidermal keratinocytes. Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) were stimulated with high calcium and/or synthetic dsRNA, poly (I:C). TLR3, IFIH1 (MDA5) and DDX58 (RIG-I) expression were measured via qPCR, and IFN-β and human beta-defensin 2 (HBD2) levels were measured using ELISA. TLR3 localization was evaluated with immunocytofluorescence. Antiviral activity was quantified with virus plaque assays using herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). High calcium significantly upregulated mRNA expression of TLR3, IFIH1 and DDX58 in NHEKs. In addition, high calcium significantly enhanced poly (I:C)-induced anti-HSV-1 activity in NHEKs. The antiviral molecule HBD2 but not IFN-β induction by poly (I:C) was enhanced by high calcium. Our findings indicate that high levels of extracellular calcium enhance the expression of dsRNA sensors and augment antiviral activity in epidermal keratinocytes.

    DOI: 10.1111/exd.13456

    Scopus

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Anti-SS-A/Ro antibody positivity as a risk factor for relapse in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis. Reviewed International journal

    Noriko Tatebe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    Modern rheumatology   28 ( 1 )   141 - 146   2018.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to elucidate predictors of relapse in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS: Fifty PM/DM patients who achieved disease stabilization at Okayama University Hospital in 2004-2014 were enrolled retrospectively. Candidate predictors such as demographic factors, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and treatment status were compared. RESULTS: The mean age of enrolled patients was 58 years; 34 were female. The patient groupings were as follows: 21 with PM, 27 with DM, and two with clinically amyopathic DM. During a mean observation period of 685 d, 5 patients (10%) died and 20 (40%) relapsed. The relapsed patients displayed baseline muscle weakness less frequently (85% versus 100%, p = .03) and anti-SS-A/Ro antibody more frequently (65% versus 27%, p = .007). Anti-SS-A/Ro-positive patients exhibited a higher relapse rate than anti-SS-A/Ro-negative patients (log-rank test, p = .03). Anti-SS-A/Ro-positive patients also exhibited higher anti-Jo-1 antibody positivity and lower levels of serum complement. After adjusting anti-Jo-1 antibody positivity, age, sex, CK <500 IU/L, and lung involvement, anti-SS-A/Ro positivity was still an independent risk factor for higher relapse-rate (odds ratio, 5.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.4-25.1). CONCLUSIONS: Anti-SS-A/Ro antibody positivity may be a useful biomarker for prediction of relapse.

    DOI: 10.1080/14397595.2017.1317377

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Impact of nocturnal blood pressure variability on renal arterioles Reviewed International journal

    Uchida H. A, Kitagawa M, Wada J

    Hypertens Res   41 ( 1 )   6 - 7   2018

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.1038/hr.2017.88

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Serum cystatin C is an independent biomarker associated with the renal resistive index in patients with chronic kidney disease. Reviewed International journal

    Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Masashi Kitagawa, Keiko Tanaka, Akifumi Onishi, Toshio Yamanari, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Kazufumi Nakamura, Hiroshi Ito, Jun Wada

    PloS one   13 ( 3 )   e0193695   2018

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Public Library of Science  

    Cystatin C is a cysteine protease inhibitor that is produced by nearly all human cells. The serum level of cystatin C is a stronger predictor of the renal outcome and the risk of cardiovascular events than the creatinine level. The resistive index (RI) on renal Doppler ultrasonography is a good indicator of vascular resistance as well as the renal outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, it is unclear whether serum cystatin C is associated with signs of vascular dysfunction, such as the renal RI. We measured the serum cystatin C levels in 101 CKD patients and investigated the relationships between cystatin C and markers of vascular dysfunction, including the renal RI, ankle-brachial pulse wave velocity (baPWV), intima-media thickness (IMT), and cardiac function. The renal RI was significantly correlated with the serum cystatin C level (p < 0.0001, r = 0.6920). The serum cystatin C level was found to be a significant determinant of the renal RI (p < 0.0001), but not the baPWV, in a multivariate regression analysis. The multivariate odds ratio of the serum cystatin C level for a renal RI of more than 0.66 was statistically significant (2.92, p = 0.0106). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve comparing the sensitivity and specificity of cystatin C for predicting an RI of more than 0.66 was 0.882 (cutoff value: 2.04 mg/L). In conclusion, the serum cystatin C level is an independent biomarker associated with the renal RI in patients with CKD.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193695

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Deletion of pro-angiogenic factor vasohibin-2 ameliorates glomerular alterations in a mouse diabetic nephropathy model. Reviewed International journal

    Kana Masuda, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Haruyo Ujike, Norikazu Hinamoto, Hiromasa Miyake, Satoshi Tanimura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yasufumi Sato, Yohei Maeshima, Jun Wada

    PloS one   13 ( 4 )   e0195779   2018

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Angiogenesis has been implicated in glomerular alterations in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy. We previously reported the renoprotective effects of vasohibin-1 (VASH1), which is a novel angiogenesis inhibitor derived from endothelial cells, on diabetic nephropathy progression. Vasohibin-2 (VASH2) was originally identified as a VASH1 homolog and possesses pro-angiogenic activity in contrast to VASH1. In addition, VASH2 was recently shown to promote epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition via enhanced transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling in cancer cells. Herein, we investigated the pathogenic roles of VASH2 in diabetic nephropathy using VAHS2-deficient mice. The type 1 diabetes model was induced by intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin in VASH2 homozygous knockout (VASH2LacZ/LacZ) or wild-type mice. These mice were euthanized 16 weeks after inducing hyperglycemia. Increased urine albumin excretion and creatinine clearance observed in diabetic wild-type mice were significantly prevented in diabetic VASH2-deficient mice. Accordingly, diabetes-induced increase in glomerular volume and reduction in glomerular slit-diaphragm density were significantly improved in VASH2 knockout mice. Increased glomerular endothelial area was also suppressed in VASH2-deficient mice, in association with inhibition of enhanced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor 2 (VEGFR2), but not VEGF level. Furthermore, glomerular accumulation of mesangial matrix, including type IV collagen, and increased expression of TGF-β were improved in diabetic VASH2 knockout mice compared with diabetic wild-type mice. Based on the immunofluorescence findings, endogenous VASH2 localization in glomeruli was consistent with mesangial cells. Human mesangial cells (HMCs) were cultured under high glucose condition in in vitro experiments. Transfection of VASH2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) into the HMCs resulted in the suppression of type IV collagen production induced by high glucose compared with control siRNA. These results indicate that VASH2 may be involved in diabetes-induced glomerular alterations, particularly impaired filtration barrier and mesangial expansion. Therefore, VASH2 is likely to represent a promising therapeutic target for diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195779

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Urine Trefoil Factors as Prognostic Biomarkers in Chronic Kidney Disease. Reviewed International journal

    Toshio Yamanari, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Keiko Tanaka, Hiroshi Morinaga, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Yuzuki Kano, Koki Mise, Yasukazu Ohmoto, Kenichi Shikata, Jun Wada

    BioMed research international   2018   3024698 - 3024698   2018

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Introduction: Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides are increased in serum and urine in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, whether the levels of TFF predict the progression of CKD remains to be elucidated. Methods: We determined the TFF levels using peptide-specific ELISA in spot urine samples and performed a prospective cohort study. The association between the levels of urine TFFs and other urine biomarkers as well as the renal prognosis was analyzed in 216 CKD patients (mean age: 53.7 years, 47.7% female, 56.9% with chronic glomerulonephritis, and mean eGFR: 58.5 ml/min/1.73 m2). Results: The urine TFF1 and TFF3 levels significantly increased with the progression of CKD stages, but not the urine TFF2 levels. The TFF1 and TFF3 peptide levels predicted the progression of CKD ≥ stage 3b by ROC analysis (AUC 0.750 and 0.879, resp.); however, TFF3 alone predicted CKD progression in a multivariate logistic regression analysis (odds ratio 3.854, 95% confidence interval 1.316-11.55). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated that patients with a higher TFF1 and TFF3 alone, or in combination with macroalbuminuria, had a significantly worse renal prognosis. Conclusion: The data suggested that urine TFF peptides are associated with renal progression and the outcomes in patients with CKD.

    DOI: 10.1155/2018/3024698

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Olmesartan ameliorates hepatic insufficiency and serum TGF-β1 level in hypertensive patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Nozomu Otaka, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Yasuhiro Onishi, Yuka Okuyama, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuki Kakio, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Fumio Kondo, Kazushi Harada, Hisanao Norii, Yuko Okazaki, Taro Sugimoto, Hiroo Hashimoto, Jun Wada

    Therapeutic Research   39 ( 2 )   159 - 166   2018

     More details

    Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    © 2018 Excerpta Medica Inc. All rights reserved. Background : Because of westernization of lifestyle in recent years, the number of patients with lifestyle diseases, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus, are increasing steadily. Recently, it has been noted that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) alone can cause liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. Angiotensin type II receptor blocker (ARB) is widely used in clinical practice as an antihypertensive agent. In addition to the antihypertensive effect by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system, ARB has been demonstrated to protect the multiple organs damage, including brain, heart and kidney. In recent years, many reports suggest that the renin-angiotensin system is involved in the development of liver fïbrosis. Objectives : We examined the protective effect of olmesartan on hepatic insufficiency and hepatic fibrosis marker in hypertensive patients with NAFLD. Methods : Olmesartan was administered to eleven hypertensive patients with NAFLD for 12 weeks. Results : Both office systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure decreased from 141±3/82±2 mmHg to 130±7/76±4 mmHg (p = 0.035). AST decreased significantly from 48.8±4.5 IU/L to 42.2±4.6 IU/L (p=0.011), AST from 7l.7±7.8 IU/L to 59.8±8.5IU/L (p = 0.046), y-GTP from 102.3±21.6 IU/L to 90±20.3 IU/L (p = 0.049). Finally, regarding TGF β1, a significant change was observed from 14898±3101 pg/mL to 10738±2405pg/mL (p = 0.017). Conclusions: Olmesartan ameliorates hepatic insufficiency in hypertensive patients with NAFLD. Olmesartan may not only have a class effect of ARB but also have a drug effect, especially on NAFLD.

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • The effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on glycemic control, oxidative stress balance and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized clinical trial Reviewed

    Hirofumi Mizuno, Daisuke Ekuni, Takayuki Maruyama, Kota Kataoka, Toshiki Yoneda, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Jun Wada, Manabu Morita

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 11 )   e0188171   2017.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Aim
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels, oxidative stress balance and quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to no periodontal treatment (simple oral hygiene instructions only).
    Methods
    The design was a 6-month, single-masked, single center, randomized clinical trial. Patients had both T2DM and chronic periodontitis. Forty participants were enrolled between April 2014 and March 2016 at the Nephrology, Diabetology and Endocrinology Department of Okayama University Hospital. The periodontal treatment group (n = 20) received non-surgical periodontal therapy, including scaling and root planing plus oral hygiene instructions, and consecutive supportive periodontal therapy at 3 and 6 months. The control group (n = 17) received only oral hygiene instructions without treatment during the experimental period. The primary study outcome was the change in HbA1c levels from baseline to 3 months. Secondary outcomes included changes in oxidative stress balance (Oxidative-INDEX), the Diabetes Therapy-Related QOL and clinical periodontal parameters from baseline to 3 months and baseline to 6 months.
    Results
    Changes in HbA1c in the periodontal treatment group were not significantly different with those in the control group at 3 and 6 months. Systemic oxidative stress balance and QOL significantly improved in the periodontal treatment group compared to the control group at 3 months. In the subgroup analysis (moderately poor control of diabetes), the decrease in HbA1c levels in the periodontal treatment group was greater than that in the control group at 3 months but not significant.
    Conclusions
    In T2DM patients, non-surgical periodontal treatment improved systemic oxidative stress balance and QOL, but did not decrease HbA1c levels at 3 months follow-up.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188171

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Primary peritoneal carcinosarcoma in a dialysis patient Reviewed

    Keiko Tanaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Naoko Nishii, Kana Masuda, Yuka Arata, Akifumi Ohnishi, Masaru Kinomura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    NEPHROLOGY   22 ( 11 )   925 - 925   2017.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:WILEY  

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.12973

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Immunohistochemistry of Vasohibin-2 in Human Kidney Disease: Implications in Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Reduced Renal Function Reviewed

    Yuka Arata, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Norikazu Hinamoto, Hiroko Yamasaki, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Yohei Maeshima, Naoki Kanomata, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   71 ( 5 )   369 - 380   2017.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Several angiogenesis-related factors are known to play important roles in the pathogenesis of kidney disease. Vasohibin-2 (VASH-2) was recently reported as a novel proangiogenic factor. Although VASH-2 was demonstrated to accelerate tumor angiogenesis, its roles in non-tumor processes including renal disease have not been well elucidated yet. Here, we performed a retrospective study including an immunohistochemical analysis of human kidney biopsy specimens from 82 Japanese patients with a variety of kidney diseases, and we evaluated the correlations between the immunoreactivity of VASH-2 and the patients' clinicopathological parameters. VASH-2 immunoreactivity was detected in varying degrees in renal tubules as well as in peritubular capillaries and vasa recta. The cortical and medullary tubule VASH-2(+) scores were correlated with the presence of hypertension, and the medullary tubule VASH-2(+) score was significantly correlated with the blood glucose (p=0.029, r=0.35) and hemoglobin A1c levels (p=0.0066, r=0.39). Moreover, decreased VASH-2(+) scores in the vasa recta were associated with reduced renal function (p=0.0003). These results suggest that VASH-2 could play an important role in the pathogenesis of renal diseases, and that VASH-2 is closely associated with hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/55434

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Alternative to Rituximab Therapy for a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis Who Was Unable to Continue Anti-TNF Therapy Reviewed

    Eri Katsuyama, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Ken-ei Sada, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Michiko Morishita, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Sonia Zeggar, Mariko Narazaki, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue S. Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   71 ( 5 )   445 - 448   2017.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    We herein present a case of a 38-year-old man who had bamboo spine and severe sacroiliitis and who was diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Infliximab (IFX) markedly improved the axial symptom but was discontinued due to the side effect of peripheral neuropathy. Switching from IFX to etanercept worsened the side effect. Rituximab (RTX) administration elicited a good response without side effects. RTX might be a suitable option for AS therapy when TNF inhibitors are difficult to use.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/55444

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Anti-high Mobility Group Box 1 Antibody Ameliorates Albuminuria in MRL/lpr Lupus-Prone Mice Reviewed

    Haruki Watanabe, Katsue S. Watanabe, Keyue Liu, Sumie Hiramatsu, Sonia Zeggar, Eri Katsuyama, Noriko Tatebe, Akiya Akahoshi, Fumiaki Takenaka, Takahisa Hanada, Masaru Akehi, Takanori Sasaki, Ken-ei Sada, Eiji Matsuura, Masahiro Nishibori, Jun Wada

    MOLECULAR THERAPY-METHODS & CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT   6   31 - 39   2017.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:CELL PRESS  

    We evaluated the efficacy of a neutralizing anti-high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) monoclonal antibody in MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice. The anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody (5 mg/kg weight) or class-matched control immunoglobulin G2a (IgG2a) was administered intravenously twice a week for 4-15 weeks. Urine albumin was monitored, and histological evaluation of the kidneys was conducted at 16 weeks. Lymphadenopathies were evaluated by 1-(2'-deoxy-2'-[F-18]fluoro-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl) cytosine ([F-18] FAC) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) at 12 weeks. Following 4-week treatment, [F-18]FAC-PET/CT showed similar accumulation in cervical and axillary lymph nodes at 12 weeks of age. However, anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody sufficiently inhibited the increase in albuminuria compared to an isotype control following 15-week treatment. Complement deposition was also improved; however, there were no significant differences in IgG deposition and renal pathological scores between the two groups. Anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody titers and cytokine and chemokine levels were also unaltered. Although there were no significant differences in glomerular macrophage infiltration, neutrophil infiltration was significantly decreased by the anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody. Antagonizing HMGB1 treatment suppressed HMGB1 translocation from nuclei in the kidney and suppressed neutrophil extracellular traps. The anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody demonstrated therapeutic potential against albuminuria in lupus nephritis by inhibiting neutrophil recruitment and neutrophil extracellular traps.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.omtm.2017.05.006

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Reprogramming of metabolism in immune-mediated cells Reviewed

    Jun Wada

    Diabetology International   8 ( 3 )   244 - 247   2017.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Springer Tokyo  

    DOI: 10.1007/s13340-017-0321-3

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Regulatory role of melatonin and BMP-4 in prolactin production by rat pituitary lactotrope GH3 cells Reviewed

    Kanako Ogura-Ochi, Satoshi Fujisawa, Nahoko Iwata, Motoshi Komatsubara, Yuki Nishiyama, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    PEPTIDES   94   19 - 24   2017.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    The effects of melatonin on prolactin production and its regulatory mechanism remain uncertain. We investigated the regulatory role of melatonin in prolactin production using rat pituitary lactotrope GH3 cells by focusing on the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) system. Melatonin receptor activation, induced by melatonin and its receptor agonist ramelteon, significantly suppressed basal and forskolin-induced prolactin secretion and prolactin mRNA expression in GH3 cells. The melatonin MT2 receptor was predominantly expressed in GH3 cells, and the inhibitory effects of melatonin on prolactin production were reversed by treatment with the receptor antagonist luzindole, suggesting functional involvement of MT2 action in the suppression of prolactin release. Melatonin receptor activation also suppressed BMP-4-induced prolactin expression by inhibiting phosphorylation of Smad and transcription of the BMP-target gene Id-1, while BMP-4 treatment upregulated MT2 expression. Melatonin receptor activation suppressed basal, BMP-4-induced and forskolin-induced cAMP synthesis; however, BtcAMP-induced prolactin mRNA expression was not affected by melatonin or ramelteon, suggesting that MT2 activation leads to inhibition of prolactin production through the suppression of Smad signaling and cAMP synthesis. Experiments using intracellular signal inhibitors revealed that the ERK pathway is, at least in part, involved in prolactin induction by GH3 cells. Thus, a new regulatory role of melatonin involving BMP-4 in prolactin secretion was uncovered in lactotrope GH3 cells.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2017.06.001

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Paratubular basement membrane insudative lesions predict renal prognosis in patients with type 2 diabetes and biopsy-proven diabetic nephropathy Reviewed

    Koki Mise, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Junichi Hoshino, Toshiharu Ueno, Akinari Sekine, Keiichi Sumida, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Takeshi Fujii, Shigeko Hara, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada, Kenichi Ohashi, Kenmei Takaichi, Yoshifumi Ubara

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 8 )   e0183190   2017.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Aims
    Glomerular insudative lesions are a pathological hallmark of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, paratubular basement membrane insudative lesions (PTBMIL) have not attracted much attention, and the association between such lesions and the renal prognosis remains unclear.
    Methods
    Among 142 patients with biopsy-proven DN and type 2 diabetes encountered from 1998 to 2011, 136 patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were classified into 3 groups (Group 1: mild, Group 2: moderate, Group 3: severe) according to the extent of cortical and medullary PTBMIL. The endpoint was a decline of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by &gt;= 40% from baseline or commencement of dialysis for end-stage renal disease. The Cox proportional hazard model was employed to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) for the death-censored endpoint.
    Results
    During a median follow-up period of 1.8 years (IQR: 0.9-3.5), the endpoint occurred in 104 patients. Baseline mean eGFR was 43.9 +/- 22.8 ml/min/1.73 m(2), and 125 patients (92%) had overt proteinuria. After adjusting for known indicators of DN progression, the HR for the endpoint was 2.32 (95% CI: 1.20-4.51) in PTBMIL Group 2 and 3.12 (1.48-6.58) in PTBMIL Group 3 versus PTBMIL Group 1. Furthermore, adding the PTBMIL Group to a multivariate model including known promoters of DN progression improved prediction of the endpoint (cindex increased by 0.02 [95% CI: 0.00-0.04]).
    Conclusions
    PTBMIL may be useful for predicting the renal prognosis of patients with biopsy-proven DN, but further investigation of these lesions in various stages of DN is needed.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0183190

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Downregulation of miR-200a-3p, Targeting CtBP2 Complex, Is Involved in the Hypoproduction of IL-2 in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus-Derived T Cells Reviewed

    Eri Katsuyama, Minglu Yan, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Syun Matsushima, Yuriko Yamamura, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Sonia Zeggar, Nobuya Yoshida, Vaishali R. Moulton, George C. Tsokos, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY   198 ( 11 )   4268 - 4276   2017.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER ASSOC IMMUNOLOGISTS  

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) damages multiple organs by producing various autoantibodies. In this study, we report that decreased microRNA (miR)-200a-3p causes IL-2 hypoproduction through zinc finger E-box binding homeobox (ZEB) 1 and C-terminal binding protein 2 (CtBP2) in a lupus-prone mouse. First, we performed RNA sequencing to identify candidate microRNAs and mRNAs involved in the pathogenesis of SLE. We found that miR-200a-3p was significantly downregulated, whereas its putative targets, ZEB2 and CtBP2, were upregulated in CD4(+) T cells from MRL/lpr-Tnfrsf6 (lpr) mice compared with C57BL/6J mice. ZEB1 and ZEB2 comprise the ZEB family and suppress various genes, including IL-2 by recruiting CtBP2. IL-2 plays a critical role in immune tolerance, and insufficient IL-2 production upon stimulation has been recognized in SLE pathogenesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that decreased miR-200a-3p causes IL-2 deficit through the ZEB1-CtBP2 and/or ZEB2-CtBP2 complex in SLE CD4(+) T cells. Overexpression of miR-200a-3p induced IL-2 production by downregulating ZEB1, ZEB2, and CtBP2 in EL4 cell lines. We further revealed that miR-200a-3p promotes IL-2 expression by reducing the binding of suppressive ZEB1-CtBP2 and ZEB2-CtBP2 complexes on negative regulatory element A in the IL-2 promoter in EL4 cells. Interestingly, the ZEB1-CtBP2 complex on negative regulatory element Awas significantly upregulated after PMA/ionomycin stimulation in lupus CD4(+) T cells. Our studies have revealed a new epigenetic pathway in the control of IL-2 production in SLE whereby low levels of miR-200a-3p accumulate the binding of the ZEB1-CtBP2 complex to the IL-2 promoter and suppress IL-2 production.

    DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1601705

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Nodular lesions in diabetic nephropathy: Collagen staining and renal prognosis Reviewed

    Koki Mise, Toshiharu Ueno, Junichi Hoshino, Ryo Hazue, Keiichi Sumida, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Rikako Hiramatsu, Eiko Hasegawa, Naoki Sawa, Takeshi Fujii, Shigeko Hara, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino, Kenmei Takaichi, Kenichi Ohashi, Yoshifumi Ubara

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   127   187 - 197   2017.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Aims: Nodular lesions are one of the most characteristic pathological changes of advanced diabetic nephropathy (DN). Previous studies have demonstrated that the pattern of both routine and collagen staining of nodular lesions changes during their development. However, the association between such changes of staining and the renal prognosis remains unclear.
    Methods: Among 252 patients with biopsy-proven DN, 67 met the selection criteria and were enrolled to investigate this relationship. In all patients, nodular lesions were stained with periodic acid Schiff, periodic acid methenamine silver, and Masson trichrome stains, and immunostaining was done for type I, III, IV, V, and VI collagen. The endpoint was commencement of dialysis due to end-stage renal disease.
    Results: At least one mesangiolytic nodular lesion (MNL) that showed faint staining for PAS and PAM was found in 61% of the patients. MNLs were negative for type IV collagen staining, unlike the strong positivity of non-MNLs, while type V and VI collagen staining were strongly positive in all nodular lesions. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis revealed that the hazard ratio (HR) for the endpoint was significantly higher in patients with at least one MNL than in patients with no MNLs after adjustment for known promoters of renal progression (HR: 2.94; 95% confidence interval: 1.24-7.07).
    Conclusions: MNLs may reflect characteristic differences of collagen production and could be a useful prognostic indicator in patients with nodular lesions. Further investigation of the mechanism underlying these differences of collagen production could contribute to finding new therapeutic targets for DN. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.03.006

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • A retrospective observational study of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus with IgA nephropathy treated with tonsillectomy plus methylprednisolone pulse therapy Reviewed

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Noriko Toyota-Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Masaru Kinomura, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 5 )   e0178018   2017.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Aims
    To evaluate the incidence of GC-DM among patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) and to confirm the risk factors for the development of GC-DM.
    Methods
    The medical records of patients with IgAN newly treated with the protocol of tonsillectomy combined with steroid pulse therapy were reviewed. The primary outcome was the development of GC-DM within the hospitalization period and during one year of follow-up.
    Results
    During hospitalization, 19 of the 95 patients developed GC-DM (20.0%), and the patients with GC-DM were significantly older and had a higher rate of family history of diabetes and higher HbA1c levels. The prevalence of hypertension was higher and the eGFR was numerically lower in patients with GC-DM than in those without. Older age (&gt;= 45 years) and a family history of diabetes emerged as independent risk factors for the development of GC-DM (odds ratio [OR], 6.3 and 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6-27.6; OR, 4.4 and 95% CI, 1.216.6, respectively). No patients were newly diagnosed with GC-DM during 1-year observation period at out-patient clinic.
    Conclusions
    Among the patients with IgAN, 20% developed GC-DM during the hospitalization period, confirming the family history of diabetes is clinically necessary before starting GC therapy.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178018

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Practical efficacy of olmesartan versus azilsartan in patients with hypertension: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial (MUSCAT-4 study) Reviewed

    Yuki Kakio, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yuka Okuyama, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Jun Wada

    BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING   22 ( 2 )   59 - 67   2017.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Background Olmesartan and azilsartan, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), are expected to decrease blood pressure more than the other ARBs. We conducted randomized-controlled trials to compare the practical efficacy of olmesartan with azilsartan.
    Methods Eighty-four patients treated with the conventional ARBs for more than 3 months were assigned randomly to receive either 20 mg of olmesartan (olmesartan medoxomil, OL group) or 20 mg of azilsartan (azilsartan, not azilsartan medoxomil, AZ group) once daily for 16 weeks. The practical efficacy on blood pressure was compared between the OL and AZ groups.
    Results Office blood pressure of both groups decreased significantly (OL group: 152/86-141/79 mmHg, P&lt;0.05, AZ group: 149/83-135/75 mmHg; P&lt;0.05). Diastolic home blood pressure in the AZ group decreased significantly (79 +/- 9-74 +/- 7 mmHg; P&lt;0.05), but not in the OL group (79 +/- 11-75 +/- 10 mmHg; P = 0.068). However, there were no significant differences between the groups. The dosage of olmesartan and azilsartan increased significantly and slightly for 16 weeks (OL group: 20.3-23.1 mg; P&lt;0.05, AZ group: 20.5-23.2 mg; P&lt;0.05), without a significant difference between groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in renal function, lipid profiles, brain natriuretic peptide, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1, and urinary L-type fatty acid-binding protein between the two groups.
    Conclusion Both olmesartan and azilsartan equally reduced blood pressures. Both olmesartan and azilsartan showed a renoprotective effect and were well tolerated without any major adverse events. Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1097/MBP.0000000000000229

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Melatonin regulates catecholamine biosynthesis by modulating bone morphogenetic protein and glucocorticoid actions Reviewed

    Motoshi Komatsubara, Takayuki Hara, Takeshi Hosoya, Kishio Toma, Naoko Tsukamoto-Yamauchi, Nahoko Iwata, Kenichi Inagaki, Jun Wada, Fumio Otsuka

    JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY   165 ( Pt B )   182 - 189   2017.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

    Melatonin is functionally involved in the control of circadian rhythm and hormonal secretion. In the present study, we investigated the roles of melatonin in the interaction of catecholamine synthesis with adrenocortical steroids by focusing on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4 expressed in the adrenal medulla using rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Melatonin treatment significantly reduced the mRNA expression of catecholamine synthases, including the rate-limiting enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase (Th), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine decarboxylase and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase expressed in PC12 cells. In accordance with changes in the expression levels of enzymes, dopamine production and CAMP synthesis determined in the culture medium and cell lysate were also suppressed by melatonin. The MT1 receptor, but not the MT2 receptor, was expressed in PC12 cells, and luzindole treatment reversed the inhibitory effect of melatonin on Th expression, suggesting that MT1 is a functional receptor for the control of catecholamine synthesis. Interestingly, melatonin enhanced the inhibitory effect of BMP-4 on Th mRNA expression in PC12 cells. Melatonin treatment accelerated BMP-4-induced phosphorylation of SMAD1/5/8 and transcription of the BMP target gene Id1. Of note, melatonin significantly upregulated Alk2 and Bmpr2 mRNA levels but suppressed inhibitory Smac16/7 expression, leading to the enhancement of SMAD1/5/8 signaling in PC12 cells, while BMP-4 did not affect Mt1 expression. Regarding the interaction with adrenocortical steroids, melatonin preferentially enhanced glucocorticoid-induced Th mRNA through upregulation of the glucocorticoid receptor and downregulation of Bmp4 expression, whereas melatonin repressed Th mRNA expression induced by aldosterone or androgen without affecting expression levels of the receptors for mineralocorticoid and androgen. Collectively, the results indicate that melatonin plays a modulatory role in catecholamine synthesis by cooperating with BMP-4 and glucocorticoid in the adrenal medulla. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2016.06.002

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Salt and sugar: Bad company Reviewed

    Jun Wada

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION   8 ( 1 )   32 - 33   2017.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:WILEY  

    DOI: 10.1111/jdi.12553

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Serum-inducible protein (IP)-10 is a disease progression-related marker for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease Reviewed

    Nozomu Wada, Akinobu Takaki, Fusao Ikeda, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Masahiro Onji, Kazuhiro Nouso, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Kazuko Koike, Koji Miyahara, Hidenori Shiraha, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Okada

    HEPATOLOGY INTERNATIONAL   11 ( 1 )   115 - 124   2017.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    The molecular pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is not well defined. The objective of the present study was to identify disease progression-related cytokines and investigate the molecular pathogenesis of such changes in NASH.
    A study population of 20 non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and 59 NASH patients diagnosed by liver biopsy and 15 healthy volunteers was recruited. The serum pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were measured by a multiple enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The hepatic mRNA expressions of cytokines were measured by real-time PCR. A monocyte cell line was stimulated with Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligand under a high glucose and insulin condition, and cellular cytokine mRNA expression was quantified.
    One group of cytokines was higher in NAFL and NASH than in controls, while another group was higher in NASH than in NAFL and controls. The NASH-specific second group included interleukin (IL)-15 and interferon-gamma-inducible protein (IP)-10. In particular, IP-10 was higher in NAFL than in controls and higher in NASH than in NAFL and controls. The sensitivity to diagnose NASH was 90%, with specificity of 50%. Insulin resistance reflecting a high glucose and insulin condition resulted in higher IP-10 mRNA expression in the monocyte cell line only with concomitant TLR-2 stimulation.
    IP-10 is a sensitive marker of the need for liver biopsy. Insulin resistance with bacteria-related TLR-2 stimulation might induce IP-10 production from monocytes. Insulin resistance and intestinal barrier function should be intensively controlled to prevent progression from NAFL to NASH.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12072-016-9773-y

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Central Diabetes Insipidus in Refractory Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Vasculitis Reviewed

    Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Ken-Ei Sada, Takayuki Katsuyama, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 21 )   2943 - 2948   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    We herein describe two cases of refractory antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) complicated with diabetes insipidus (DI) possibly related to hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP). One patient had microscopic polyangiitis and HP, which were refractory to cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, rituximab, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and mizoribine. Remission was finally achieved with the use of etanercept, but DI occurred 5 years later. The other patient had granulomatosis with polyangiitis, which that was refractory to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, MMF, and rituximab. DI subsequently developed, but was successfully treated with etanercept. Dura mater hypertrophy was macroscopically observed in the latter case.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.8683-16

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • The level of urinary semaphorin3A is associated with disease activity in patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome. Reviewed International journal

    Akiko Inoue-Torii, Shinji Kitamura, Jun Wada, Kenji Tsuji, Hirofumi Makino

    International journal of nephrology and renovascular disease   10   167 - 174   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Semaphorin3A is a secreted protein known to be involved in organogenesis, immune responses and cancer. In the kidney, semaphorin3A is expressed in the glomerular podocytes, distal tubules and collecting tubules, and believed to play a role in the regulation of the kidney development and function. We examined the serum and urinary semaphorin3A levels in 72 patients with renal disease and 5 healthy volunteers. The patients had been diagnosed with thin basement membrane disease (n=4), minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS; n=22), IgA nephritis (n=21), membranous nephropathy (n=16) and focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (n=9). The level of urinary semaphorin3A in MCNS patients tended to be relatively high among all disease groups. We also investigated the urinary semaphorin3A level in 7 patients with MCNS from disease onset to remission during the drug therapy. MCNS patients in pre-remission states had higher urinary semaphorin3A levels than those in post-remission states receiving immunosuppressive therapies. These results suggested that the urinary semaphorin3A level correlates with the MCNS activity. Semaphorin3A has the potential as a biomarker for MCNS to clarify the reactivity for therapy and may be useful in examining other glomerular diseases with proteinuria as well.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S132980

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Sustained Tubulointerstitial Inflammation in Kidney with Severe Leptospirosis Reviewed

    Keiko Tanaka, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Naoko Nishii, Keiichi Takiue, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 10 )   1179 - 1184   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Leptospirosis is frequently associated with acute kidney injury. Some survivors are known to progress to chronic kidney disease due to sustained tubulointerstitial inflammation. We present a case of severe leptospirosis with acute renal failure. Although antibiotic therapy resolved the infection, moderate renal dysfunction remained. A renal biopsy demonstrated marked inflammatory infiltration in the tubules and interstitium. Many of the inflammatory cells were CD68-positive monocytes/macrophages, predominantly M1 phenotype. An intermediate dose of oral corticosteroids normalized the patient's serum creatinine levels. We suggest that corticosteroid therapy may be a therapeutic option for some patients with sustained tubulointerstitial nephritis who survive severe leptospirosis.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.8084

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • The Successful Treatment of Refractory Polyarteritis Nodosa Using Infliximab Reviewed

    Satoko Matsuo, Keigo Hayashi, Eisaku Morimoto, Ayako Kato, Ken-Ei Sada, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 11 )   1435 - 1438   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), characterized by arteritis of medium-sized blood vessels, is usually treated with a combination of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressants; however, some cases are refractory to these treatments. We herein report the case of a man with PAN that was refractory to various immunosuppressive treatments, including cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and rituximab. After infliximab (IFX) treatment was initiated, his symptoms improved dramatically and remission was maintained. IFX is considered to be an effective alternative treatment for PAN which proves to be refractory to several immunosuppressive treatments.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.8235

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Occurrence of Dermatomyositis Immediately after Mastectomy Subsequent to Severe Chemotherapeutic Drug Eruption Reviewed

    Yuki Otsuka, Haruki Watanabe, Yuzuki Kano, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-ei Sada, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 24 )   3379 - 3383   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    We herein report a patient with breast cancer who developed dermatomyositis (DM) immediately after mastectomy. She had a history of severe drug eruption during neoadjuvant chemotherapy six months previously. Within a month after the operation, myalgia and rash, including Gottron's papules, developed, and skeletal-muscle enzymes elevated, so she was diagnosed with probable DM according to the Bohan and Peter criteria. In many neoplastic DM cases, the course of the disease parallels the course of the malignancy. Possible mechanisms were suggested to explain the development of DM in the present case and offer new insight into autoimmune diseases.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.9194-17

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Prognostic factors of methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorders associated with rheumatoid arthritis and plausible application of biological agents Reviewed

    Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Minglu Yan, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Eri Katsuyama, Mariko Takano-Narazaki, Noriko Toyota-Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Kohei Miyake, Toru Kiguchi, Jun Wada

    MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY   27 ( 5 )   773 - 777   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD  

    Objectives: To determine prognostic factors of methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-LPD) and evaluate the efficacy and safety of biological therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated with MTX-LPD.
    Methods: Thirty RA patients who developed MTX-LPD were investigated in this study. We compared the clinical and laboratory parameters of patients who achieved regression of LPD by MTX withdrawal with those who required chemotherapy and evaluated the clinical course of RA after LPD development.
    Results: Twenty-three patients (76.7%) achieved regression of LPD by MTX withdrawal. Chemotherapyfree patients had a tendency of shorter RA duration (13.1 vs. 22.0 years, p = 0.108) and higher doses of MTX at LPD diagnosis (8.0 vs. 5.3 mg/w, p = 0.067) than patients who required chemotherapy. A significantly higher positive rate of peripheral blood Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA was observed in the chemotherapy-free group (9/9 vs. 0/3, p = 0.0002). Of 15 patients that received biological agents after LPD development, 14 patients (93.3%) demonstrated an improved disease activity of RA and persistent remission of LPD, whereas only one patient experienced relapse of LPD during tocilizumab therapy.
    Conclusions: Peripheral blood EBV-DNA positivity is a potential prognostic marker of better outcome in MTX-LPD. Biological agents could be an option for the treatment of RA patients with MTX-LPD.

    DOI: 10.1080/14397595.2016.1259714

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Antiangiogenic Therapy for Diabetic Nephropathy Reviewed

    Katsuyuki Tanabe, Yohei Maeshima, Yasufumi Sato, Jun Wada

    BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL   2017   5724069   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:HINDAWI LTD  

    Angiogenesis has been shown to be a potential therapeutic target for early stages of diabetic nephropathy in a number of animal experiments. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the main mediator for abnormal angiogenesis in diabetic glomeruli. Although beneficial effects of anti-VEGF antibodies have previously been demonstrated in diabetic animal experiments, recent basic and clinical evidence has revealed that the blockade of VEGF signaling resulted in proteinuria and renal thrombotic microangiopathy, suggesting the importance of maintaining normal levels of VEGF in the kidneys. Therefore, antiangiogenic therapy for diabetic nephropathy should eliminate excessive glomerular angiogenic response without accelerating endothelial injury. Some endogenous antiangiogenic factors such as endostatin and tumstatin inhibit overactivation of endothelial cells but do not specifically block VEGF signaling. In addition, the novel endothelium-derived antiangiogenic factor vasohibin-1 enhances stress tolerance and survival of the endothelial cells, while inhibiting excess angiogenesis. These factors have been demonstrated to suppress albuminuria and glomerular alterations in a diabetic mouse model. Thus, antiangiogenic therapy with promising candidates will possibly improve renal prognosis in patients with early stages of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1155/2017/5724069

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Arterial Stiffness is an Independent Risk Factor for Anemia After Percutaneous Native Kidney Biopsy Reviewed

    Keiko Tanaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Akifumi Onishi, Toshio Yamanari, Ayu Ogawa-Akiyama, Koki Mise, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Hiroshi Morinaga, Haruhito A. Uchida, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH   42 ( 2 )   284 - 293   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:KARGER  

    Background/Aims: Bleeding is the most common complication after renal biopsy. Although numerous predictors of bleeding have been reported, it remains unclear whether arterial stiffness affects bleeding complications. Method: We performed an observational study of the renal biopsies performed in our division over an approximately 6-year period (May 2010 to May 2016). The clinical and laboratory factors were analyzed to reveal the risk factors associated with bleeding, with a focus on anemia (defined as a &gt;= 10% decrease in hemoglobin [Hb] after biopsy). The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured to evaluate arterial stiffness. Results: This study included 462 patients (male, n=244; female, n=218). Anemia (defined above) was observed in 54 patients (11.7%). The risk of anemia was higher in women, older patients, and patients with lower serum albumin, lower eGFR and lower diastolic blood pressure after biopsy. We then performed a further analysis of 187 patients whose baPWV data were available. Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher baPWV was an independent risk factor for anemia. ROC analysis for predicting anemia found that a baPWV value of 1839 cm/s had the best performance (AUC 0.689). Conclusion: An increased baPWV may be a more valuable predictor of bleeding than any of the other reported risk factors. (C) 2017 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel

    DOI: 10.1159/000477453

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Azathioprine Intolerance in Japanese Patients with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-associated Vasculitis Reviewed

    Michiko Morishita, Haruki Watanabe, Minglu Yan, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Keiji Ohashi, Yoshia Miyawaki, Eri Katsuyama, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Takano Narazaki, Noriko Toyota Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   56 ( 13 )   1645 - 1650   2017

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Objective To assess the safety of azathioprine (AZA) in Japanese patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV).
    Methods We retrospectively enrolled 67 consecutive AAV patients who had initiated AZA treatment from January 2006 to August 2014 at Okayama University Hospital. We evaluated the development of severe adverse events (AEs), AZA discontinuation due to total AEs (severe AEs included) within 1 year, and AZA-associated risk factors.
    Results The patients' median age was 70 years old. Forty-nine women and 18 men participated at the initiation of the study. Fifty-eight (87%) patients experienced AEs, and 36 experienced severe AEs (21 hepatic and 11 cytopenic severe AEs). Thirty-one (46%) patients discontinued treatment because of AEs. Abnormal hepatic laboratory test results at the treatment initiation were more frequent in patients with hepatic severe AEs and were associated with treatment discontinuation. The leukocyte and neutrophil counts at the treatment initiation were lower in the patients who discontinued treatment because of cytopenic AEs than in those who continued treatment. Only two patients experienced flare-ups during treatment.
    Conclusion The AE-associated AZA discontinuation rate in Japanese AAV patients was relatively high. AZA use warrants caution in patients with abnormal hepatic laboratory test results or low leukocyte or neutrophil counts.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.56.8287

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Development of intracerebral hemorrhage in the short-term clinical course of a patient with microscopic polyangiitis without neurological symptoms at diagnosis: an autopsy case. Reviewed

    Yoshia Miyawaki, Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Kohei Taniguchi, Yuki Kakio, Jun Wada

    CEN case reports   5 ( 2 )   173 - 178   2016.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    A 77-year-old man with high-grade fever, progressive renal dysfunction, high serum level of C-reactive protein and positive serum myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) was diagnosed with microscopic polyangiitis with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and remission induction treatment with glucocorticoids and intravenous cyclophosphamide was initiated. Although his general condition improved in a short time, intracerebral hemorrhage occurred 12 days after the initiation of treatment and emergent hematoma evacuation was performed. However, he passed away on day 14. Surprisingly, even though no clinical findings for any organs except for renal involvement was detected before his death, autopsy revealed necrotizing vasculitis affecting various systemic organs including kidney, pancreas, liver, myocardium in ventricle, adipose tissue of the left adrenal gland, small intestine, gallbladder, bronchus, prostate, testis and spleen. It is difficult to detect widespread vasculitis without clinical symptoms and signs in patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis. A whole body assessment tool is necessary to detect unexpected vital organ damage, including cerebral vessels.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13730-016-0219-0

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Chronic Kidney Disease Is Positively and Diabetes Mellitus Is Negatively Associated with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Reviewed

    Hidemi Takeuchi, Michihiro Okuyama, Haruhito A. Uchida, Yuki Kakio, Ryoko Umebayashi, Yuka Okuyama, Yasuhiro Fujii, Susumu Ozawa, Masashi Yoshida, Yu Oshima, Shunji Sano, Jun Wada

    PLOS ONE   11 ( 10 )   e0164015   2016.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Background and Aims
    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are considered as risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship of CKD and DM with the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA).
    Methods
    We enrolled 261 patients with AAA (AAA+) and age-and-sex matched 261 patients without AAA (AAA-) at two hospitals between 2008 and 2014, and examined the association between the risk factors and the presence of AAA. Furthermore, in order to investigate the prevalence of AAA in each group, we enrolled 1126 patients with CKD and 400 patients with DM.
    Results
    The presence of CKD in patients with AAA+ was significantly higher than that in patients with AAA-(AAA+; 65%, AAA-; 52%, P = 0.004). The presence of DM in patients with AAA+ was significantly lower than that in patients with AAA-(AAA+; 17%, AAA-; 35%, P &lt; 0.001). A multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that hypertension, ischemic heart disease and CKD were independent determinants, whereas, DM was a negatively independent determinant, for the presence of AAA. The prevalence of AAA in patients with CKD 65 years old and above was 5.1%, whereas, that in patients with DM 65 years old and above was only 0.6%.
    Conclusion
    CKD is a positively associated with the presence of AAA. In contrast, DM is a negatively associated with the presence of AAA in Japanese population.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164015

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • The possible involvement of intestine-derived IgA(1): a case of IgA nephropathy associated with Crohn's disease Reviewed

    Tomohiro Terasaka, Haruhito A. Uchida, Ryoko Umebayashi, Keiko Tsukamoto, Keiko Tanaka, Masashi Kitagawa, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Hiroaki Tanioka, Jun Wada

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   17 ( 1 )   122   2016.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: A link between IgA nephropathy and Crohn's disease has recently been reported. Other researchers hypothesize that intestine-derived IgA complexes deposit in glomerular mesangial cells, eliciting IgA nephropathy. Intestinal mucosal plasma cells mainly secrete IgA(2). Nevertheless, IgA(1) deposition is strongly implicated as being the primary cause of IgA nephropathy.
    Case presentation: A 46-year-old Japanese man developed IgA nephropathy 29 years ago, following tonsillectomy. As a result, a normal urinalysis was obtained. The patient previously suffered Crohn's disease followed by urinary occult blood and proteinuria six years ago. Exacerbation of IgA nephropathy was highly suspected. Therefore a renal biopsy was performed. A diagnosis of exacerbation of IgA nephropathy with mesangial cell proliferation and fibrotic cellular crescent was based upon the pathological findings. The patient exhibited a positive clinical course and eventually achieved a remission with immunosuppressive therapy including prednisolone treatment. Immunostaining for the detection of IgA subtypes was performed on both of his kidney and excised ileum. The results revealed IgA(1) and IgA(2) deposition by submucosal cells in intestine. Furthermore, IgA(1) deposition of mesangial areas in the patient's kidney, indicated an association of IgA(1) with the exacerbation of IgA nephropathy.
    Conclusion: This case represents the possibility that the intestine-derived IgA(1) can be the origin of galactose-deficient IgA which is known to cause IgA nephropathy exacerbation.

    DOI: 10.1186/s12882-016-0344-1

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • ANGPTL2 activity in cardiac pathologies accelerates heart failure by perturbing cardiac function and energy metabolism Reviewed

    Zhe Tian, Keishi Miyata, Tsuyoshi Kadomatsu, Haruki Horiguchi, Hiroyuki Fukushima, Shugo Tohyama, Yoshihiro Ujihara, Takahiro Okumura, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Jiabin Zhao, Motoyoshi Endo, Jun Morinaga, Michio Sato, Taichi Sugizaki, Shunshun Zhu, Kazutoyo Terada, Hisashi Sakaguchi, Yoshihiro Komohara, Motohiro Takeya, Naoki Takeda, Kimi Araki, Ichiro Manabe, Keiichi Fukuda, Kinya Otsu, Jun Wada, Toyoaki Murohara, Satoshi Mohri, Jun K. Yamashita, Motoaki Sano, Yuichi Oike

    NATURE COMMUNICATIONS   7   13016   2016.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    A cardioprotective response that alters ventricular contractility or promotes cardiomyocyte enlargement occurs with increased workload in conditions such as hypertension. When that response is excessive, pathological cardiac remodelling occurs, which can progress to heart failure, a leading cause of death worldwide. Mechanisms underlying this response are not fully understood. Here, we report that expression of angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) increases in pathologically-remodeled hearts of mice and humans, while decreased cardiac ANGPTL2 expression occurs in physiological cardiac remodelling induced by endurance training in mice. Mice overexpressing ANGPTL2 in heart show cardiac dysfunction caused by both inactivation of AKT and sarco(endo) plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) 2a signalling and decreased myocardial energy metabolism. Conversely, Angptl2 knockout mice exhibit increased left ventricular contractility and upregulated AKT-SERCA2a signalling and energy metabolism. Finally, ANGPTL2-knockdown in mice subjected to pressure overload ameliorates cardiac dysfunction. Overall, these studies suggest that therapeutic ANGPTL2 suppression could antagonize development of heart failure.

    DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13016

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Inhibition of SGLT2 alleviates diabetic nephropathy by suppressing high glucose-induced oxidative stress in type 1 diabetic mice Reviewed

    Takashi Hatanaka, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiromi Tachibana, Jun Eguchi, Tatsuyuki Inoue, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    Pharmacology Research and Perspectives   4 ( 4 )   e00239   2016.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

    It is unclear whether the improvement in diabetic nephropathy by sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors is caused by a direct effect on SGLT2 or by the improvement in hyperglycemia. Here, we investigated the effect of dapagliflozin on early-stage diabetic nephropathy using a mouse model of type 1 diabetes and murine proximal tubular epithelial cells. Eight-week-old Akita mice were treated with dapagliflozin or insulin for 12 weeks. Body weight, urinary albumin excretion, blood pressure, as well as levels of blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c were measured. Expansion of the mesangial matrix, interstitial fibrosis, and macrophage infiltration in kidneys were evaluated by histology. Oxidative stress and apoptosis were evaluated in kidneys and cultured proximal tubular epithelial cells. Compared with nontreated mice, dapagliflozin and insulin decreased blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels equally. Urine volume and water intake increased significantly in the dapagliflozin-treated group compared with those in the insulin-treated group, but there were no differences in body weight or blood pressure between the two groups. Macrophage infiltration and fibrosis in renal interstitium improved significantly in the dapagliflozin group compared with the insulin group. Oxidative stress was attenuated by dapagliflozin, and suppression occurred in a dose-dependent manner. RNAi knockdown of SGLT2 resulted in reduced oxidative stress. Dapagliflozin ameliorates diabetic nephropathy by suppressing hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress in a manner independent of hyperglycemia improvement in Akita mice. Our findings suggest that dapagliflozin may be a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1002/prp2.239

    Scopus

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Study about the Efficacy of Metformin to Immune Function in Cancer Patients Reviewed

    Mototsugu Watanabe, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Shingo Eikawa, Kazuhiko Shien, Tadahiko Shien, Junichi Soh, Katsuyuki Hotta, Jun Wada, Shiro Hinotsu, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Katsuyuki Kiura, Hiroyoshi Doihara, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Heiichiro Udono, Shinichi Toyooka

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   70 ( 4 )   327 - 330   2016.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    A study to evaluate the effect of metformin on the immune system was commenced in July 2014. Metformin is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for type 2 diabetes, and previous studies have reported that metformin has an anti-tumor effect. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of metformin on the immune system in human cancer patients in vivo. The primary outcome parameter will be the rate change in the population of CD8(+) T cells, which produce multiple cytokines.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/54514

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The Efficacy of Rituximab in High-risk Renal Transplant Recipients Reviewed

    Motoo Araki, Koichiro Wada, Yosuke Mitsui, Risa Kubota, Takashi Yoshioka, Yuichi Ariyoshi, Yasuyuki Kobayashi, Masashi Kitagawa, Katsuyuki Tanabe, Hiroshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Masami Watanabe, Toyohiko Watanabe, Katsuyuki Hotta, Yasutomo Nasu

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   70 ( 4 )   295 - 297   2016.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Although graft survival following renal transplantation (RTx) has improved, outcomes following highrisk RTx are variable. Preexisting antibodies, including donor-specific antibodies (DSA), play an important role in graft dysfunction and survival. We have designed a study to investigate the safety and efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (rituximab) in high-risk RTx recipients. Major eligibility criteria include: 1) major and minor ABO blood group mismatch, 2) positive DSA. Thirty-five patients will receive 200 mg/body of rituximab. The primary endpoint is the incidence of B cell depletion. This study will clarify whether rituximab is efficacious in improving graft survival in high-risk RTx recipients.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/54507

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Mitochondrial Dynamics and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Diabetes Reviewed

    Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   70 ( 3 )   151 - 158   2016.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    The mitochondria are involved in active and dynamic processes, such as mitochondrial biogenesis, fission, fusion and mitophagy to maintain mitochondrial and cellular functions. In obesity and type 2 diabetes, impaired oxidation, reduced mitochondrial contents, lowered rates of oxidative phosphorylation and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production have been reported. Mitochondrial biogenesis is regulated by various transcription factors such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC-1 alpha), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), estrogen-related receptors (ERRs), and nuclear respiratory factors (NRFs). Mitochondrial fusion is promoted by mitofusin 1 (MFN1), mitofusin 2 (MFN2) and optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), while fission is governed by the recruitment of dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) by adaptor proteins such as mitochondrial fission factor (MFF), mitochondrial dynamics proteins of 49 and 51 kDa (MiD49 and MiD51), and fission 1 (FIS1). Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) and PARKIN promote DRP1-dependent mitochondrial fission, and the outer mitochondrial adaptor MiD51 is required in DRP1 recruitment and PARKIN-dependent mitophagy. This review describes the molecular mechanism of mitochondrial dynamics, its abnormality in diabetes and obesity, and pharmaceuticals targeting mitochondrial biogenesis, fission, fusion and mitophagy.

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Antiobesity Action of ACAM by Modulating the Dynamics of Cell Adhesion and Actin Polymerization in Adipocytes Reviewed

    Kazutoshi Murakami, Jun Eguchi, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Akihiro Katayama, Miwa Sakurai, Haruki Choshi, Masumi Furutani, Daisuke Ogawa, Kohji Takei, Fumio Otsuka, Jun Wada

    DIABETES   65 ( 5 )   1255 - 1267   2016.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    Coxsackie virus and adenovirus receptor-like membrane protein (CLMP) was identified as the tight junction-associated transmembrane protein of epithelial cells with homophilic binding activities. CLMP is also recognized as adipocyte adhesion molecule (ACAM), and it is upregulated in mature adipocytes in rodents and humans with obesity. Here, we present that aP2 promoter-driven ACAM transgenic mice are protected from obesity and diabetes with the prominent reduction of adipose tissue mass and smaller size of adipocytes. ACAM is abundantly expressed on plasma membrane of mature adipocytes and associated with formation of phalloidin-positive polymerized form of cortical actin (F-actin). By electron microscopy, the structure of zonula adherens with an intercellular space of approximate to 10-20 nm was observed with strict parallelism of the adjoining cell membranes over distances of 1-20 m, where ACAM and -actin are abundantly expressed. The formation of zonula adherens may increase the mechanical strength, inhibit the adipocyte hypertrophy, and improve the insulin sensitivity.

    DOI: 10.2337/db15-1304

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Acute idiopathic blue fingers: A young man with Achenbach's syndrome Reviewed

    Hidemi Takeuchi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Yuka Okuyama, Jun Wada

    BMJ Case Reports   2016   10.1136/bcr - 2016   2016.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group  

    We report a case of a 20-year-old man presenting with acute painful blue fingers. All physical findings, including an Allen test, were normal, and systematic symptoms frequently seen in collagen diseases were absent. Although we performed a wide variety of investigations including medical imaging, no specific abnormal findings were observed. Skin biopsy pathology was an important reference. The patient's symptoms gradually improved and were completely resolved without specific treatment. Based on the clinical presentation and course, we gave a diagnosis of Achenbach's syndrome, developed in a young male. Achenbach's syndrome is rare, but still may be encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms can be startling to the patient, eliciting fear of something terrible when, in fact, the syndrome is relatively benign and has a good prognosis. Recognising this disease quickly after presentation helps to eliminate the anxiety of the patient, as well as reducing excessively invasive investigations. We present a case report to enlighten Achenbach's syndrome.

    DOI: 10.1136/bcr-2016-214491

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Insufficiency of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase is risk for lean non-alcoholic steatohepatitis Reviewed

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Makoto Matsuyama, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Sanae Teshigawara, Daisuke Ogawa, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Fusao Ikeda, Akinobu Takaki, Eijiro Watanabe, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   6   21721   2016.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Although obesity is undoubtedly major risk for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), the presence of lean NASH patients with normal body mass index has been recognized. Here, we report that the insufficiency of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT) is a risk for the lean NASH. The Pemt-/-mice fed high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) diet were protected from diet-induced obesity and diabetes, while they demonstrated prominent steatohepatitis and developed multiple liver tumors. Pemt exerted inhibitory effects on p53-driven transcription by forming the complex with clathrin heavy chain and p53, and Pemt-/-mice fed HFHS diet demonstrated prominent apoptosis of hepatocytes. Furthermore, hypermethylation and suppressed mRNA expression of F-box protein 31 and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha resulted in the prominent activation of cyclin D1. PEMT mRNA expression in liver tissues of NASH patients was significantly lower than those with simple steatosis and we postulated the distinct clinical entity of lean NASH with insufficiency of PEMT activities.

    DOI: 10.1038/srep21721

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The efficacy of add-on tacrolimus for minor flare in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective study Reviewed

    H. Watanabe, R. Yamanaka, K-E Sada, S. Zeggar, E. Katsuyama, T. Katsuyama, M. T. Narazaki, N. T. Tatebe, K. Sugiyama, K. S. Watanabe, H. Wakabayashi, T. Kawabata, J. Wada, H. Makino

    LUPUS   25 ( 1 )   54 - 60   2016.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD  

    Objective We have assessed the effectiveness of tacrolimus for minor flares in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.
    Methods The medical records of 313 patients were retrospectively reviewed over a period of seven years, from 2006 to 2013. We enrolled patients with minor flare treated with add-on tacrolimus, without glucocorticoid (GC) intensification (tacrolimus group). Minor flare was defined as a 1-point increase in a total score between 3 and 11 in the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI). We enrolled as controls patients who were administered increased doses of GC for minor flare (GC group). All patients were followed for one year. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of responders.
    Results There were 14 eligible patients in the tacrolimus group and 20 eligible patients in the GC group. The mean SLEDAI at flare tended to be higher in the tacrolimus group than in the GC group (7.5 vs. 6.2, p=0.085). A mean dose of 1.6mg tacrolimus/day was administered for flare, while the mean GC dose was 13.7mg/day in the GC group. The proportion of responders was 86% (12/14) in the tacrolimus group and 75% (15/20) in the GC group (p=0.67). The mean dose of GC at 12 months was higher in the GC group than in the tacrolimus group (9.7mg/day vs. 7.1mg/day, p&lt;0.05). Only one patient discontinued tacrolimus because of fatigue after three months.
    Conclusion Adding tacrolimus without increasing the GC dose may provide an effective treatment option for minor flares in patients with SLE.

    DOI: 10.1177/0961203315600538

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Innate immunity in diabetes and diabetic nephropathy Reviewed

    Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    NATURE REVIEWS NEPHROLOGY   12 ( 1 )   13 - 26   2016.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    The innate immune system includes several classes of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), including membrane-bound Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptors (NLRs). These receptors detect pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) in the extracellular and intracellular space. Intracellular NLRs constitute inflammasomes, which activate and release caspase-1, IL-1 beta, and IL-18 thereby initiating an inflammatory response. Systemic and local low-grade inflammation and release of proinflammatory cytokines are implicated in the development and progression of diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy. TLR2,TLR4, and the NLRP3 inflammasome can induce the production of various proinflammatory cytokines and are critically involved in inflammatory responses in pancreatic islets, and in adipose, liver and kidney tissues. This Review describes how innate immune system-driven inflammatory processes can lead to apoptosis, tissue fibrosis, and organ dysfunction resulting in insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, and renal failure. We propose that careful targeting of TLR2, TLR4, and NLRP3 signalling pathways could be beneficial for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1038/nrneph.2015.175

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Risk Factors for the Requirement of Antenatal Insulin Treatment in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Reviewed

    Mayu Watanabe, Akihiro Katayama, Hidetoshi Kagawa, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada

    Journal of Diabetes Research   2016   9648798   2016

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORP  

    Poor maternal glycemic control increases maternal and fetal risk for adverse outcomes, and strict management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is recommended to prevent neonatal and maternal complications. However, risk factors for the requirement of antenatal insulin treatment (AIT) are not well-investigated in the pregnant women with GDM. We enrolled 37 pregnant women with GDM and investigated the risk for AIT by comparing the patients with AIT (AIT group; n = 10) and without insulin therapy (Diet group; n = 27). The 1-h and 2-h plasma glucose levels and the number of abnormal values in 75 g OGTT were significantly higher in AIT group compared with Diet group. By logistic regression analysis, plasma glucose level at 1-h was significant predictor for AIT and the odds ratios were 1.115 (1.004-1.239) using forward selection method and 1.192 (1.006-1.413) using backward elimination method. There were no significant differences in obstetrical outcomes and neonatal complications. 1-h plasma glucose levels in 75 g OGTT are useful parameters in predicting the requirement for AIT in GDM. Both maternal and neonatal complications are comparable in GDM patients with and without insulin therapy.

    DOI: 10.1155/2016/9648798

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Bilateral Abducens Nerve Palsy due to Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension as an Initial Manifestation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Reviewed

    Eri Katsuyama, Ken-ei Sada, Noriko Tatebe, Haruki Watanabe, Takayuki Katsuyama, Mariko Narazaki, Koichi Sugiyama, Katsue S. Watanabe, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   55 ( 8 )   991 - 994   2016

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a syndrome of increased intracranial pressure and presents as an intractable headache, vomiting, and ophthalmologic manifestations. We herein report the case of a young girl who presented with bilateral abducens nerve palsy due to IIH as the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The patient was successfully treated with corticosteroid therapy. Our case lacked the typical symptoms of IIH, such as headache or nausea; therefore, it is necessary to carefully determine the cause of bilateral abducens nerve palsies. The development of IIH in SLE patients is a rare occurrence, but this manifestation should not be overlooked.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.55.5990

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • CDH13 Polymorphisms are Associated with Adiponectin Levels and Metabolic Syndrome Traits Independently of Visceral Fat Mass Reviewed

    Kitamoto, Aya, Kitamoto, Takuya, Nakamura, Takahiro, Matsuo, Tomoaki, Nakata, Yoshio, Hyogo, Hideyuki, Ochi, Hidenori, Kamohara, Seika, Miyatake, Nobuyuki, Kotani, Kazuaki, Mineo, Ikuo, Wada, Jun, Ogawa, Yuji, Yoneda, Masato, Nakajima, Atsushi, Funahashi, Tohru, Miyazaki, Shigeru, Tokunaga, Katsuto, Masuzaki, Hiroaki, Ueno, Takato, Chayama, Kazuaki, Hamaguchi, Kazuyuki, Yamada, Kentaro, Hanafusa, Toshiaki, Oikawa, Shinichi, Sakata, Toshiie, Tanaka, Kiyoji, Matsuzawa, Yuji, Hotta, Kikuko

    JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS   23 ( 3 )   309 - 319   2016

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN ATHEROSCLEROSIS SOC  

    Aim: Visceral fat accumulation contributes to the development of metabolic syndrome. As visceral fat accumulation increases, adiponectin levels decrease; therefore, adiponectin provides a link between visceral fat accumulation and metabolic disorders. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic variations in the cadherin 13 (CDH13) gene that are associated with adiponectin levels. Methods: We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CDH13 was associated with adiponectin levels and metabolic syndrome traits independent of the visceral fat area (VFA), as measured using computed tomography (CT) in 945 Japanese individuals. Results: We found that three CDH13 SNPs reported by recent GWASs (i.e., rs3865188, rs4783244, and rs12051272) were significantly associated with higher adiponectin levels (P &lt; 1 x 10(-14)), even after adjustment for VFA. However, these adiponectin-inducing alleles of CDH13 SNPs were significantly associated with traits consistent with deteriorating metabolic symptoms, such as higher fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) scores, and triglycerides and lower highdensity lipoprotein (HDL)-cho

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.31567

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Anti-albuminuric effects of spironolactone in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy: a multicenter, randomized clinical trial Reviewed

    Sawako Kato, Shoichi Maruyama, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada, Daisuke Ogawa, Takashi Uzu, Hisazumi Araki, Daisuke Koya, Keizo Kanasaki, Yutaka Oiso, Motomitsu Goto, Akira Nishiyama, Hiroyuki Kobori, Enyu Imai, Masahiko Ando, Seiichi Matsuo

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   19 ( 6 )   1098 - 1106   2015.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    Background Several studies have demonstrated that spironolactone has an anti-albuminuric property in diabetic nephropathy. As an adverse event, spironolactone often induces the elevation of creatinine levels with hypotension and hyperkalemia. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of spironolactone in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes treated with either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers.
    Methods Fifty-two Japanese patients with diabetic nephropathy and albuminuria (100 mg/gCr-2000 mg/gCr) treated with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, open-label study. The patients were subjected to add-on treatment with spironolactone 25 mg once daily and compared with matched controls for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was a reduction in the rate of albuminuria at 8 weeks compared with the baseline value. This study was registered with UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (000008016).
    Results Albuminuria was reduced by 33 % (95 % confidence interval: 22-54; P = 0.0002) at 8 weeks with spironolactone. In the spironolactone group, blood pressure tended to lower and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was significantly decreased compared to those in the control group. When adjusted by systolic blood pressure and eGFR, spironolactone treatment still showed a significant effect on albuminuria reduction in a linear mixed model (coefficient +/- A standard error; 514.4 +/- A 137.6 mg/gCr, P &lt; 0.0005). No patient was excluded from the study because of hyperkalemia.
    Conclusions Spironolactone reduced albuminuria along with conventional RAS inhibitors in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Our study suggests that spironolactone exerts anti-albuminuric effects independent of systemic hemodynamic alterations.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-015-1106-2

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Beneficial impact of Gpnmb and its significance as a biomarker in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis Reviewed

    Akihiro Katayama, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Sanae Teshigawara, Motoko Kanzaki, Tomokazu Nunoue, Kazuyuki Hida, Nozomu Wada, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Fusao Ikeda, Akinobu Takaki, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    SCIENTIFIC REPORTS   5   16920   2015.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Gpnmb is classified as a type 1 membrane protein and its soluble form is secreted by ADAM10-mediated cleavage. Gpnmb mRNA was found in the Kupffer cells and white adipose tissues (WATs) and its upregulation in obesity was recently found. Here, we generated aP2 promoter-driven Gpnmb transgenic (Tg) mice and the overexpression of Gpnmb ameliorated the fat accumulation and fibrosis of the liver in diet-induced obesity model. Soluble form of Gpnmb in sera was elevated in Gpnmb Tg mice and Gpnmb concentrated in hepatic macrophages and stellate cells interacted with calnexin, which resulted in the reduction of oxidative stress. In the patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, serum soluble GPNMB concentrations were higher compared with the patients with simple steatosis. The GPNMB is a promising biomarker and therapeutic target for the development and progression of NAFLD in obesity.

    DOI: 10.1038/srep16920

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Successful treatment by mycophenolate mofetil in a patient with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Reviewed

    Tenta M, Uchida HA, Nunoue T, Umebayashi R, Okuyama Y, Kitagawa M, Maeshima Y, Sugiyama H, Wada J

    CEN case reports   4 ( 2 )   190 - 195   2015.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    It has been reported that cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment may be associated with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. We report a 16-year-old man who exhibited nephrotic syndrome and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. Intensive antihypertensive therapy restored him to consciousness. Renal biopsy revealed that he suffered from focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Although he was treated with prednisolone and low-density lipoprotein apheresis therapy, his proteinuria remained at high level. Then, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) with less influence on vessel endothelium compared with CsA and tacrolimus was administered. Soon after, he reached remission of nephrotic syndrome without recurrence of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. This is the first case that a young patient of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome achieved a complete remission by MMF treatment without recurrence of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome. MMF may be effective for young patients of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis especially with clinical condition of vascular endothelial damage such as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.

    DOI: 10.1007/s13730-014-0165-7

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 44 alters the mitochondrial fusion and fission dynamics and protects from type 2 diabetes Reviewed

    Yu Wang, Akihiro Katayama, Takahiro Terami, Xiaoying Han, Tomokazu Nunoue, Dongxiao Zhang, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Yasuhide Furuta, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL   64 ( 6 )   677 - 688   2015.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC  

    Objective. In obesity and type 2 diabetes, the impairment of mitochondrial function in white adipose tissue (WAT) is linked to a reduction in whole body insulin sensitivity. Timm44 is upregulated in the kidneys of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. In the inner mitochondrial membrane, Timm44 anchors mitochondrial heat-shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) to the translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 23 (TIM23) complex and facilitates the import of mitochondria-targeted preproteins into the mitochondrial matrix dependent on the inner membrane potential and ATP hydrolysis on ATPase domain of mtHsp70.
    Methods. We generated the aP2-promoter driven Timm44 transgenic (Tg) mouse model and investigated whether Timm44 Tg mice fed high-fat/high-sucrose (HFHS) chow are protected from type 2 diabetes and obesity.
    Results. The body weight of aP2-promoter driven Timm44 Tg mice was lower than that of wild type mice, and insulin sensitivity was greater in Timm44 Tg mice than in wild type mice. Although WAT weight was not altered in Timm44 Tg mice fed HFHS chow, adipocyte size was reduced, and mitochondrial fusion associated with decreased expression of fission genes, such as Dnm11 and Fis1, was observed. In addition, when fed standard (STD) chow, the expressions of the fusion genes Opal, Mfn1 and Mfn2, and Mfn1 were significantly increased in Timm44 Tg mice compared to wild type mice, and fused mitochondria were also observed in Timm44 Tg mice fed STD chow.
    Conclusions. The Timm44 gene may be a new target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2015.02.004

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Risk factors for the development of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus Reviewed

    Takayuki Katsuyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Sayaka Namba, Haruki Watanabe, Eri Katsuyama, Toshio Yamanari, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   108 ( 2 )   273 - 279   2015.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Aims: To evaluate the incidence of glucocorticoid-induced diabetes mellitus (GC-DM) by repeated measurements of the postprandial glucose and detect predictors for the development of GC-DM.
    Methods: Inpatients with rheumatic or renal disease who received glucocorticoid therapy were enrolled in this study. We compared the clinical and laboratory parameters of the GC-DM group with the non-GC-DM group and performed a multivariate analysis to identify risk factors.
    Results: During a four-week period, 84 of the 128 patients (65.6%) developed GC-DM. All patients were diagnosed based on the detection of postprandial hyperglycemia. The GC-DM group had an older age (65.2 vs. 50.4 years, p &lt; 0.0001), higher levels of fasting plasma glucose (93.3 vs. 89.0 mg/dl, p = 0.027) and HbA1c (5.78 vs. 5.50%, 39.7 vs. 36.6 mmol/mol, p = 0.001) and lower eGFR values (54.0 vs. 77.1 ml/min/1.73 m(2), p = 0.0003) than the non-GC-DM group. According to the multivariate analysis, an older age (more than or equal to 65 years), higher HbA1c level (more than or equal to 6.0%) and lower eGFR (&lt;40 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) were identified as independent risk factors for GC-DM (OR 2.95, 95% CI 1.15-7.92, OR: 3.05, 95% CI 1.11-9.21, OR: 3.42, 95% CI: 1.22-10.8, respectively). The risk ratio for the development of GC-DM in the patients with at least one of these three risk factors was 2.28. The dose of glucocorticoids was not statistically related to the development of GC-DM.
    Conclusions: Patients with an older age, higher HbA1c level and lower eGFR require close monitoring for the development of GC-DM, regardless of the dose of glucocorticoids being administered. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2015.02.010

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Identification of Circulating miR-101, miR-375 and miR-802 as Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes Reviewed

    Chigusa Higuchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Motoko Kanzaki, Akihiro Katayama, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Naoto Takahashi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Sakiko Sasaki, Hirofumi Makino, Jun Wada

    METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL   64 ( 4 )   489 - 497   2015.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC  

    Purpose. The unique circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) observed in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are candidates as new biomarkers and therapeutic targets. In order to identify circulating miRNAs relevant to the disease process in case of type 2 diabetes, we performed the Illumina sequencing of miRNAs derived from the serum, liver and epididymal white adipose tissue (WAT) of diet-induced obese male C57BL/6J mice.
    Basic Procedures. We selected four miRNAs, miR-101, miR-335, miR-375, and miR-802, which are increased in the sera and tissues of obese mice, and measured the serum levels of miRNAs in T2D and subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).
    Main Findings. The serum concentrations of miRNAs, log10miR-101, log(10)miR-375, and log(10)miR-802, were significantly increased in the T2D patients compared with NGT subjects (1.41 +/- 2.01 u.s. -0.57 +/- 1.05 (P = 1.36 x 10(-5)), 0.20 +/- 0.58 v.s. 0.038 +/- 1.00 (P = 3.06 x 10(-6)), and 2.45 +/- 1.27 u.s. 0.97 +/- 0.98 (P = 0.014), respectively). The log(10)miR-335 values did not demonstrate any significant differences between the T2D and NGT groups (-1.08 +/- 1.35 v.s. 0.38 +/- 1.21 (P = 0.25)). According to the stepwise regression analysis, the HbA1c was an independent predictor of miR-101. Regarding the serum miR-802 levels, eGFR, HbA1c and HDL-C values were identified as significant determinants.
    Principal Conclusions. The present findings demonstrated that the circulating miR-101, miR-375 and miR-802 levels are significantly increased in T2D patients versus NGT subjects and they may become the new biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2014.12.003

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • AUTOIMMUNE PANCREATITIS AND MINIMAL CHANGE NEPHROTIC SYNDROME: AN UNUSUAL ASSOCIATION? Reviewed

    Yuka Okuyama, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Masafumi Tenta, Tomokazu Nunoue, Ryoko Umebayashi, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shinji Kitamura, Yohei Maeshima, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada

    NEPHROLOGY   20 ( 3 )   225 - 226   2015.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    DOI: 10.1111/nep.12370

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Cognitive and affective functions in diabetic patients associated with diabetes-related factors, white matter abnormality and aging Reviewed

    N. Hishikawa, T. Yamashita, K. Deguchi, J. Wada, K. Shikata, H. Makino, K. Abe

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY   22 ( 2 )   313 - 321   2015.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Background and purposeDiabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with a decline in cognitive and affective functions.
    MethodsIn all, 182 outpatients with DM were investigated for associations of cognitive and affective functions with diabetes-related factors and cerebral white matter abnormalities. In addition, the difference in cognitive decline of age-matched late elderly normal subjects and DM patients was investigated.
    ResultsThe present study revealed that cognitive and affective functions declined in some DM patients. Furthermore, the decline in these functions was unrelated to fasting blood sugar level but was related to glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and insulin resistance. Poor HbA1c control was associated with a significant decline in the calculation' subscale and insulin resistance for naming', read list of letters' and delayed recall' Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) subscale scores. Magnetic resonance imaging scans showed that both periventricular hyperintensity (PVH) and deep white matter hyperintensity were associated with Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and MoCA scores, but only PVH was related to homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance scores. Compared with age-matched late elderly normal subjects, orientation to time' and registration' MMSE subscales declined in late elderly DM patients.
    ConclusionsThese results suggest that cognitive and affective decline in DM patients was mostly related to glucose control and insulin resistance, whilst amongst late elderly subjects the impairment of attention' and orientation' were characteristic features of DM patients.

    DOI: 10.1111/ene.12568

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Structural design and synthesis of arylalkynyl amide-type peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma)-selective antagonists based on the helix12-folding inhibition hypothesis Reviewed

    Masao Ohashi, Kanae Gamo, Yuta Tanaka, Minoru Waki, Yoko Beniyama, Kenji Matsuno, Jun Wada, Masafumi Tenta, Jun Eguchi, Makoto Makishima, Nobuyasu Matsuura, Takuji Oyama, Hiroyuki Miyachi

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY   90   53 - 67   2015.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER  

    Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma) antagonists are candidates for treatment of type 2 diabetes, obesity and osteoporosis. However, few rational design strategies are currently available. Here, we utilized the helix12 (H12)-folding inhibition hypothesis, in combination with our previously determined X-ray crystal structure of PPAR gamma agonist MEKT-21 (6) complexed with the PPAR gamma ligand-binding domain, to design and develop a potent phenylalkynyl amide-type PPAR gamma antagonist 9i, focusing initially on pinpoint structural modification of the propanoic acid moiety of 6. Since 9i retained very weak, but distinct, PPAR gamma agonist activity, we next modified the distal benzene ring of 9i, aiming to delete the residual PPAR gamma agonist activity while retaining the antagonist activity. Introduction of a chlorine atom at the 2-position of the distal benzene ring afforded 9p, which exhibited potent, PPAR gamma-selective full antagonist activity without detectable agonist activity. We found that 9p stabilized the corepressor PPAR gamma complex and suppressed basal PPAR gamma activity. This compound showed anti-adipogenesis activity at the cellular level. This agonist antagonist switching concept based on the H12-folding inhibition hypothesis should also be applicable for designing other classes of PPAR gamma full antagonists. (C) 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.11.017

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • ADIPOQ polymorphisms are associated with insulin resistance in Japanese women

    Kitamoto, Aya, Kitamoto, Takuya, So, Rina, Matsuo, Tomoaki, Nakata, Yoshio, Hyogo, Hideyuki, Ochi, Hidenori, Nakamura, Takahiro, Kamohara, Seika, Miyatake, Nobuyuki, Kotani, Kazuaki, Mineo, Ikuo, Wada, Jun, Ogawa, Yuji, Yoneda, Masato, Nakajima, Atsushi, Funahashi, Tohru, Miyazaki, Shigeru, Tokunaga, Katsuto, Masuzaki, Hiroaki, Ueno, Takato, Chayama, Kazuaki, Hamaguchi, Kazayuki, Yamada, Kentaro, Hanafusa, Toshiaki, Oikawa, Shinichi, Sakata, Toshiie, Tanaka, Kiyoji, Matsuzawa, Yuji, Hotta, Kikuko

    ENDOCRINE JOURNAL   62 ( 6 )   513 - 521   2015

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Visceral fat accumulation contributes to the development of insulin resistance, leading to metabolic syndrome. Adiponectin provides a link between visceral fat accumulation and insulin resistance. In addition to environmental factors, genetic factors play important roles in visceral fat accumulation and circulating adiponectin levels. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified genetic variations in the adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing (ADIPOQ) gene that are associated with adiponectin levels. In this study, we investigated whether ADIPOQ single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with visceral fat accumulation and insulin resistance. We measured the visceral fat area (VFA) by computed tomography (CT) and examined the presence of the insulin resistance-related phenotype (fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]) in a set of Japanese individuals (731 men and 864 women) who were genotyped for seven ADIPOQ SNPs reported by recent GWASs (namely, rs6810075, rs10937273, rs1648707, rs864265, rs182052, rs17366568, and rs6773957). SNPs associated with the phenotype (P < 0.05) were then evaluated by association analysis using a second set of the study participants (383 men and 510 women). None of the SNPs was associated with body mass index (BMI) or VFA in men or women. However, the adiponectin-decreasing alleles of rs10937273 and rs1648707 were significantly associated with HOMA-IR (P = 0.0030 and P = 0.00074, respectively) in women, independently of BMI. These SNPs were significantly associated with decreased adiponectin levels in women. Our results suggested that rs10937273 and rs1648707 may affect insulin sensitivity by regulating adiponectin production by adipose tissue in women.

    DOI: 10.1507/endocrj.EJ14-0574

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Factors Associated with Remission and/or Regression of Microalbuminuria in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Reviewed

    Tetsuichiro Ono, Kenichi Shikata, Mikako Obika, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Ryo Kodera, Daisyo Hirota, Jun Wada, Hitomi Kataoka, Daisuke Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   68 ( 4 )   235 - 241   2014.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    The aim of this study was to clarify the factors associated with the remission and/or regression of microalbuminuria in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 130 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria for 2-6 years (3.39 +/- 1.31 years). Remission was defined as improving from microalbuminuria to normoalbuminuria using the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), and regression of microalbuminuria was defined as a decrease in ACR of 50% or more from baseline. Progression of microalbuminuria was defined as progressing from microalbuminuria to overt proteinuria during the follow-up period. Among 130 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria, 57 and 13 patients were defined as having remission and regression, respectively, while 26 patients progressed to overt proteinuria. Sex (female), higher HDL cholesterol and lower HbAlc were determinant factors associated with remission/regression of microalbuminuria by logistic regression analysis. Lower systolic blood pressure (SBP) was also correlated with remission/regression, but not at a significant level. These results suggest that proper control of blood glucose, BP and lipid profiles may be associated with remission and/or regression of type 2 diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria in clinical practice.

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Long-Term Treatment with the Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitor, Dapagliflozin, Ameliorates Glucose Homeostasis and Diabetic Nephropathy in db/db Mice Reviewed

    Naoto Terami, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiromi Tachibana, Takashi Hatanaka, Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Naoko Nishii, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   9 ( 6 )   e100777   2014.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Inhibition of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) has been reported as a new therapeutic strategy for treating diabetes. However, the effect of SGLT2 inhibitors on the kidney is unknown. In addition, whether SGLT2 inhibitors have an anti-inflammatory or antioxidative stress effect is still unclear. In this study, to resolve these issues, we evaluated the effects of the SGLT2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin, using a mouse model of type 2 diabetes and cultured proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells. Male db/db mice were administered 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg of dapagliflozin for 12 weeks. Body weight, blood pressure, blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, albuminuria and creatinine clearance were measured. Mesangial matrix accumulation and interstitial fibrosis in the kidney and pancreatic beta-cell mass were evaluated by histological analysis. Furthermore, gene expression of inflammatory mediators, such as osteopontin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and transforming growth factor-beta, was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-PCR. In addition, oxidative stress was evaluated by dihydroethidium and NADPH oxidase 4 staining. Administration of 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg of dapagliflozin ameliorated hyperglycemia, beta-cell damage and albuminuria in db/db mice. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance and blood pressure were not affected by administration of dapagliflozin, but glomerular mesangial expansion and interstitial fibrosis were suppressed in a dose-dependent manner. Dapagliflozin treatment markedly decreased macrophage infiltration and the gene expression of inflammation and oxidative stress in the kidney of db/db mice. Moreover, dapagliflozin suppressed the high-glucose-induced gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress in cultured mProx24 cells. These data suggest that dapagliflozin ameliorates diabetic nephropathy by improving hyperglycemia along with inhibiting inflammation and oxidative stress.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100777

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Serum vaspin levels are associated with physical activity or physical fitness in Japanese: a pilot study

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Noriko Sakano, Sanae Teshigawara, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Takeyuki Numata

    ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE   19 ( 3 )   200 - 206   2014.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    To investigate the link between serum vaspin levels and physical activity and/or physical fitness in Japanese.
    A total of 156 subjects (81 men and 75 women) was enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum vaspin levels, physical activity by uniaxial accelerometers, peak oxygen uptake, and metabolic risk parameters were evaluated. We also assessed anthropometric and body composition parameters.
    Serum vaspin levels were over the level of 10 ng/mL in 15 subjects (9.6 %: Vaspin High group). In Vaspin Low group (&lt; 5 ng/mL: 74 men and 67 women), serum vaspin levels were 0.12 +/- A 0.18 ng/mL in men and 0.39 +/- A 0.70 ng/mL in women. Peak oxygen uptake was significantly and positively correlated with serum vaspin levels even after adjusting for age, physical activity evaluated by I [metabolic pound equivalents x h per week (METsa &lt;...h/w)], BMI, and other confounding factors in men. In turn, physical activity was significantly and positively correlated with serum vaspin levels even after adjusting for confounding factors in women.
    Serum vaspin levels were closely associated with physical fitness in men and physical activity in women independent of body composition in this Japanese cohort.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12199-013-0375-1

    Web of Science

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Pemt Deficiency Ameliorates Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Diabetic Nephropathy Reviewed

    Mayu Watanabe, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Chigusa Higuchi, Akihiro Katayama, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Eguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Eijiro Watanabe, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   9 ( 3 )   e92647   2014.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (Pemt) catalyzes the methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to phosphatidylcholine (PC) mainly in the liver. Under an obese state, the upregulation of Pemt induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress by increasing the PC/PE ratio in the liver. We targeted the Pemt gene in mice to explore the therapeutic impact of Pemt on the progression of diabetic nephropathy and diabetes, which was induced by the injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Although the blood glucose levels were similar in STZ-induced diabetic Pemt+/+ and Pemt-/-mice, the glomerular hypertrophy and albuminuria in Pemt-/- mice were significantly reduced. Pemt deficiency reduced the intraglomerular F4/80-positive macrophages, hydroethidine fluorescence, tubulointerstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy. The expression of glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP78) was enriched in the renal tubular cells in STZ-induced diabetic mice, and this was ameliorated by Pemt deficiency. In mProx24 renal proximal tubular cells, the treatment with ER-stress inducers, tunicamycin and thapsigargin, increased the expression of GRP78, which was reduced by transfection of a shRNA lentivirus for Pemt (shRNA-Pemt). The number of apoptotic cells in the renal tubules was significantly reduced in Pemt-/- diabetic mice, and shRNA-Pemt upregulated the phosphorylation of Akt and decreased the cleavage of caspase 3 and 7 in mProx24 cells. Taken together, these findings indicate that the inhibition of Pemt activity ameliorates the ER stress associated with diabetic nephropathy in a model of type 1 diabetes and corrects the functions of the three major pathways downstream of ER stress, i.e. oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092647

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Effect of vildagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, on cardiac hypertrophy induced by chronic beta-adrenergic stimulation in rats Reviewed

    Toru Miyoshi, Kazufumi Nakamura, Masashi Yoshida, Daiji Miura, Hiroki Oe, Satoshi Akagi, Hiroki Sugiyama, Kaoru Akazawa, Tomoko Yonezawa, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Ito

    CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY   13   43   2014.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: Heart failure with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is often associated with insulin resistance and inflammation. Recent studies have shown that dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitors improve glucose metabolism and inflammatory status. We therefore evaluated whether vildagliptin, a DPP4 inhibitor, prevents LV hypertrophy and improves diastolic function in isoproterenol-treated rats.
    Methods: Male Wistar rats received vehicle (n = 20), subcutaneous isoproterenol (2.4 mg/kg/day, n = 20) (ISO), subcutaneous isoproterenol (2.4 mg/kg/day + oral vildagliptin (30 mg/kg/day, n = 20) (ISO-VL), or vehicle + oral vildagliptin (30 mg/kg/day, n = 20) (vehicle-VL) for 7 days.
    Results: Blood pressure was similar among the four groups, whereas LV hypertrophy was significantly decreased in the ISO-VL group compared with the ISO group (heart weight/body weight, vehicle: 3.2 +/- 0.40, ISO: 4.43 +/- 0.39, ISO-VL: 4.14 +/- 0.29, vehicle-VL: 3.16 +/- 0.16, p &lt; 0.05). Cardiac catheterization revealed that vildagliptin lowered the elevated LV end-diastolic pressure observed in the ISO group, but other parameters regarding LV diastolic function such as the decreased minimum dp/dt were not ameliorated in the ISO-VL group. Histological analysis showed that vildagliptin attenuated the increased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and perivascular fibrosis, but it did not affect angiogenesis in cardiac tissue. In the ISO-VL group, quantitative PCR showed attenuation of increased mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, insulin-like growth factor-l, and restoration of decreased mRNA expression of glucose transporter type 4.
    Conclusions: Vildagliptin may prevent LV hypertrophy caused by continuous exposure to isoproterenol in rats.

    DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-13-43

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Metallothionein deficiency exacerbates diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice Reviewed

    Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Norio Sogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

    American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology   306 ( 1 )   F105 - F115   2014.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. Metallothionein (MT) is induced in proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant in the diabetic kidney
    however, the role of MT in renal function remains unclear. We therefore investigated whether MT deficiency accelerates diabetic nephropathy through oxidative stress and inflammation. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection in MT-deficient (MT-/-) and MT+/+ mice. Urinary albumin excretion, histological changes, markers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), and kidney inflammation were measured. Murine proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells were used to further elucidate the role of MT under high-glucose conditions. Parameters of diabetic nephropathy and markers of ROS and inflammation were accelerated in diabetic MT-/- mice compared with diabetic MT+/+ mice, despite equivalent levels of hyperglycemia. MT deficiency accelerated interstitial fibrosis and macrophage infiltration into the interstitium in the diabetic kidney. Electron microscopy revealed abnormal mitochondrial morphology in proximal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic MT-/- mice. In vitro studies demonstrated that knockdown of MT by small interfering RNA enhanced mitochondrial ROS generation and inflammation-related gene expression in mProx24 cells cultured under high-glucose conditions. The results of this study suggest that MT may play a key role in protecting the kidney against high glucose-induced ROS and subsequent inflammation in diabetic nephropathy. © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00034.2013

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Metallothionein deficiency exacerbates diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice Reviewed

    Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Norio Sogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Yamada, Kohji Takei, Hirofumi Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY   306 ( 1 )   F105 - F115   2014.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    Oxidative stress and inflammation play important roles in diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. Metallothionein (MT) is induced in proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant in the diabetic kidney; however, the role of MT in renal function remains unclear. We therefore investigated whether MT deficiency accelerates diabetic nephropathy through oxidative stress and inflammation. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin injection in MT-deficient (MT-/-) and MT+/+ mice. Urinary albumin excretion, histological changes, markers for reactive oxygen species (ROS), and kidney inflammation were measured. Murine proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) cells were used to further elucidate the role of MT under high-glucose conditions. Parameters of diabetic nephropathy and markers of ROS and inflammation were accelerated in diabetic MT-/- mice compared with diabetic MT+/+ mice, despite equivalent levels of hyperglycemia. MT deficiency accelerated interstitial fibrosis and macrophage infiltration into the interstitium in the diabetic kidney. Electron microscopy revealed abnormal mitochondrial morphology in proximal tubular epithelial cells in diabetic MT-/- mice. In vitro studies demonstrated that knockdown of MT by small interfering RNA enhanced mitochondrial ROS generation and inflammation-related gene expression in mProx24 cells cultured under high-glucose conditions. The results of this study suggest that MT may play a key role in protecting the kidney against high glucose-induced ROS and subsequent inflammation in diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00034.2013

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Nuclear Hormone Receptor Expression in Mouse Kidney and Renal Cell Lines Reviewed

    Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Eguchi, Jun Wada, Naoto Terami, Takashi Hatanaka, Hiromi Tachibana, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Naoko Nishii, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   9 ( 1 )   e85594   2014.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs) are transcription factors that regulate carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, immune responses, and inflammation. Although several NHRs, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) and PPAR alpha, demonstrate a renoprotective effect in the context of diabetic nephropathy (DN), the expression and role of other NHRs in the kidney are still unrecognized. To investigate potential roles of NHRs in the biology of the kidney, we used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to profile the expression of all 49 members of the mouse NHR superfamily in mouse kidney tissue (C57BL/6 and db/m), and cell lines of mesangial (MES13), podocyte (MPC), proximal tubular epithelial (mProx24) and collecting duct (mIMCD3) origins in both normal and high-glucose conditions. In C57BL/6 mouse kidney cells, hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha, chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) and COUP-TFIII were highly expressed. During hyperglycemia, the expression of the NHR 4A subgroup including neuron-derived clone 77 (Nur77), nuclear receptor-related factor 1, and neuron-derived orphan receptor 1 significantly increased in diabetic C57BL/6 and db/db mice. In renal cell lines, PPAR delta was highly expressed in mesangial and proximal tubular epithelial cells, while COUP-TFs were highly expressed in podocytes, proximal tubular epithelial cells, and collecting duct cells. High-glucose conditions increased the expression of Nur77 in mesangial and collecting duct cells, and liver x receptor alpha in podocytes. These data demonstrate NHR expression in mouse kidney cells and cultured renal cell lines and suggest potential therapeutic targets in the kidney for the treatment of DN.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085594

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Sarcoid-like lung granulomas in a hemodialysis patient treated with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor Reviewed

    Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada, Hiroshi Morinaga, Shigeyuki Tuchimochi, Mayu Uka, Hirofumi Makino

    Clinical Kidney Journal   7 ( 2 )   182 - 185   2014

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:Oxford University Press  

    It has been reported that the inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4)/CD26 on T-cells by DPP-4 enzymatic inhibitors suppresses lymphocyte proliferation and reduces the production of various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. A 72-year-old female with diabetic nephropathy on hemodialysis developed multiple lung nodules following the administration of vildagliptin. A biopsy demonstrated the histology of granulomas without caseous necrosis. The discontinuation of vildagliptin resulted in the disappearance of the granulomas within 4 months. As granulomatosis often develops in patients under anti-TNF-α therapy, the accumulation of DPP-4 inhibitors or its metabolites is possibly linked to unrecognized complications, such as sarcoid-like lung granulomas. © 2014 © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sft172

    Scopus

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • Comparison of New Preservation Solutions, HN-1 and University of Wisconsin Solution, in Pancreas Preservation for Porcine Islet Isolation. Reviewed

    Katayama A, Noguchi H, Kuise T, Nakatsuka A, Hirota D, Kataoka HU, Kawai T, Inoue K, Imagawa N, Saitoh I, Noguchi Y, Watanabe M, Wada J, Fujiwara T

    Cell medicine   6 ( 1-2 )   3 - 8   2013.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    DOI: 10.3727/215517913X674171

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Long-term effect of cinacalcet hydrochloride on abdominal aortic calcification in patients on hemodialysis with secondary hyperparathyroidism Reviewed

    Kazunori Nakayama, Kazushi Nakao, Yuji Takatori, Junko Inoue, Shoichirou Kojo, Shigeru Akagi, Masaki Fukushima, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease   7   25 - 33   2013.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Background: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the common complications in dialysis patients, and is associated with increased risk of vascular calcification. The effects of cinacalcet hydrochloride treatment on bone and mineral metabolism have been previously reported, but the benefit of cinacalcet on vascular calcification remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of cinacalcet on abdominal aortic calcification in dialysis patients. Subjects and methods: Patients were on maintenance hemodialysis with insufficiently controlled SHPT (intact parathyroid hormone [PTH].180 pg/mL) by conventional therapies. All subjects were initially administered 25 mg cinacalcet daily, with concomitant use of calcitriol analogs. Abdominal aortic calcification was annually evaluated by calculating aortic calcification area index (ACAI) using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), from 12 months before to 36 months after the initiation of cinacalcet therapy. Results: Twenty-three patients were analyzed in this study. The mean age was 59.0±8.7 years, 34.8% were women, and the mean dialysis duration was 163.0±76.0 months. After administration of cinacalcet, serum levels of intact PTH, phosphorus, and calcium significantly decreased, and mean Ca × P values significantly decreased from 67.4±7.9 mg2/dL2 to 52±7.7 mg2/dL2. Although the ACAI value did not decrease during the observation period, the increase in ACAI between 24 months and 36 months after cinacalcet administration was significantly suppressed. Conclusion: Long-term administration of cinacalcet was associated with reduced progression of abdominal aortic calcification, and achieving appropriate calcium and phosphorus levels may reduce the rates of cardiovascular events and mortality in patients on hemodialysis. © 2014 Nakayama et al.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S54731

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Urinary angiotensinogen is a marker for tubular injuries in patients with type 2 diabetes Reviewed

    Takahiro Terami, Jun Wada, Kentaro Inoue, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Daisuke Ogawa, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Eguchi, Hirofumi Makino

    International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease   6   233 - 240   2013.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Purpose: Urinary angiotensinogen has been reported as a marker for the activation of intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in various kidney diseases. To investigate the importance of urinary angiotensinogen in diabetic nephropathy, we compared the urinary levels of angiotensinogen, albumin, and α1-microglobulin. Materials and methods: Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of nephropathy (n=85) were enrolled, and we measured albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) and urinary excretion of angiotensinogen and α1-microglobulin. We also compared the clinical data of the patients treated with or without angiotensin II receptor blockers or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (RAS inhibitors [+], n=51
    RAS inhibitors [-], n=34). Results: Urinary angiotensinogen levels positively correlated with ACR (r =0.367, P=3.84×10-4) and urinary α1-microglobulin (r=0.734, P=1.32 × 10-15), while they negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) (r=-0.350, P=1.02 × 10-3) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r=-0.216, P=0.049). Multiple regression analysis was carried out to predict urinary angiotensinogen levels by employing eGFR, ACR, and urinary α1-microglobulin as independent variables
    only urinary α1-microglobulin entered the regression equation at a significant level. Although ACR was higher in the RAS inhibitors (+) group, urinary α1-microglobulin and angiotensinogen did not show significant increase in the RAS inhibitors (+) group. Conclusion: Urinary angiotensinogen is well correlated with urinary α1-microglobulin and reflected the tubular injuries which may be associated with the intrarenal RAS activation in patients with type 2 diabetes. © 2013 Terami et al.

    DOI: 10.2147/IJNRD.S51829

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Urinary Fetuin-A Is a Novel Marker for Diabetic Nephropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Identified by Lectin Microarray Reviewed

    Kentaro Inoue, Jun Wada, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Daisuke Ogawa, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Atsuhito Tone, Izumi Iseda, Kazuyuki Hida, Masao Yamada, Tomohisa Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

    PLoS ONE   8 ( 10 )   e77118   2013.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    We analyzed the urine samples of patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of diabetic nephropathy by lectin microarray to identify a biomarker to predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy. Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes at various stages of nephropathy were enrolled and we performed lectin microarray analyses (n = 17) and measured urinary excretion of fetuin-A (n = 85). The increased signals of urine samples were observed in Siaα2-6Gal/GalNAc-binding lectins (SNA, SSA, TJA-I) during the progression of diabetic nephropathy. We next isolated sialylated glycoproteins by using SSA-lectin affinity chromatography and identified fetuin-A by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometer. Urinary excretion of fetuin-A significantly increased during the progression of albuminuria (A1, 0.40±0.43
    A2, 0.60±0.53
    A3 1.57±1.13 ng/gCr
    p = 7.29×10-8) and of GFR stages (G1, 0.39±0.39
    G2, 0.49±0.45
    G3, 1.25±1.18
    G4, 1.34±0.80 ng/gCr
    p = 3.89×10-4). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was employed to assess fetuin-A as a risk for diabetic nephropathy with microalbuminuria or GFR&lt
    60 mL/min. Fetuin-A is demonstrated as a risk factor for both microalbuminuria and reduction of GFR in diabetic nephropathy with the odds ratio of 4.721 (1.881-11.844) and 3.739 (1.785-7.841), respectively. Collectively, the glycan profiling analysis is useful method to identify the urine biomarkers and fetuin-A is a candidate to predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy. © 2013 Inoue et al.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077118

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • NUDT3 rs206936 is associated with body mass index in obese Japanese women Reviewed

    Kitamoto Aya, Kitamoto Takuya, Mizusawa Seiho, Teranishi Hajime, So Rina, Matsuo Tomoaki, Nakata Yoshio, Hyogo Hideyuki, Ochi Hidenori, Nakamura Takahiro, Kamohara Seika, Miyatake Nobuyuki, Kotani Kazuaki, Komatsu Ryoya, Itoh Naoto, Mineo Ikuo, Wada Jun, Yoneda Masato, Nakajima Atsushi, Funahashi Tohru, Miyazaki Shigeru, Tokunaga Katsuto, Masuzaki Hiroaki, Ueno Takato, Chayama Kazuaki, Hamaguchi Kazuyuki, Yamada Kentaro, Hanafusa Toshiaki, Oikawa Shinichi, Sakata Toshiie, Tanaka Kiyoji, Matsuzawa Yuji, Nakao Kazuwa, Sekine Akihiro, Hotta Kikuko

    ENDOCRINE JOURNAL   60 ( 8 )   991 - 1000   2013.8

  • Cell Cycle Abnormality in Metabolic Syndrome and Nuclear Receptors as an Emerging Therapeutic Target Reviewed

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   67 ( 3 )   129 - 134   2013.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    In recent years, many researchers have emphasized the importance of metabolic syndrome based on its increasing prevalence and its adverse prognosis due to associated chronic vascular complications. Upstream of a cluster of metabolic and vascular disorders is the accumulation of visceral adipose tissue, which plays a central role in the pathophysiology. In the accumulation of adipose tissues, cell cycle regulation is tightly linked to cellular processes such as proliferation, hypertrophy and apoptosis. In addition, various cell cycle abnormalities have also been observed in other tissues, such as kidneys and the cardiovascular system, and they are critically involved in the progression of disease. Here, we discuss cell cycle abnormalities in metabolic syndrome in various tissues. Furthermore, we describe the role of nuclear receptors in cell growth and survival, and glucose and lipid metabolism in the whole body. Therapeutic strategies for modulating various cell cycles in metabolic disorders by targeting nuclear receptors may overcome obesity and its chronic vascular complications in the future.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/50405

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Visceral Adipose Tissue-derived Serine Proteinase Inhibitor Inhibits Apoptosis of Endothelial Cells as a Ligand for the Cell-Surface GRP78/Voltage-dependent Anion Channel Complex Reviewed

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Izumi Iseda, Sanae Teshigawara, Kanji Higashio, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Kazuyuki Hida, Jun Eguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Yasushi Matsuki, Ryuji Hiramatsu, Hideo Yagita, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hirofumi Makino

    CIRCULATION RESEARCH   112 ( 5 )   771 - +   2013.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Rationale: Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine proteinase inhibitor (vaspin) is an adipokine identified from visceral adipose tissues of genetically obese rats.
    Objective: The role of vaspin in the diabetic vascular complications remains elusive, and we investigated the effects of vaspin on the vascular function under the diabetic milieu.
    Methods and Results: Adenovirus carrying the full length of the vaspin gene (Vaspin-Ad) ameliorated intimal proliferation of balloon-injured carotid arteries in diabetic Wistar rats. The expression of Ccl2, Pdgfb, and Pdgfrb genes was significantly reduced by the treatment of Vaspin-Ad. In cuff-injured femoral arteries, the intimal proliferation was ameliorated in vaspin transgenic (Vaspin Tg) mice. The application of recombinant vaspin and Vaspin-Ad promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of human aortic endothelial cells. Adenovirus expressing vaspin with calmodulin and streptavidin-binding peptides was applied to human aortic endothelial cells, subjected to tandem tag purification and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, and we identified GRP78 (78-kDa glucose-regulated protein) as an interacting molecule. The complex formation of vaspin, GRP78, and voltage-dependent anion channel on the plasma membrane was confirmed by the immunoprecipitation studies using aortas of Vaspin Tg mice. The binding assay using 125I-vaspin in human aortic endothelial cells revealed high-affinity binding (dissociation constant = 0.565x10(-9) m) by the treatment of 5 mu M thapsigargin, which recruited GRP78 from the endoplasmic reticulum to plasma membrane by inducing endoplasmic reticulum stress. In human aortic endothelial cells, vaspin induced phosphorylation of Akt and inhibited the kringle 5-induced Ca2+ influx and subsequent apoptosis.
    Conclusions: Vaspin is a novel ligand for the cell-surface GRP78/voltage-dependent anion channel complex in endothelial cells and promotes proliferation, inhibits apoptosis, and protects vascular injuries in diabetes mellitus. (Circ Res. 2013;112:771-780.)

    DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.111.300049

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Current status of the treatment of microscopic polyangiitis and granulomatosis with polyangiitis in Japan Reviewed

    Koichi Sugiyama, Ken-Ei Sada, Michiko Kurosawa, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology   17 ( 1 )   51 - 58   2013.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Background: This study aimed to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in Japan. Methods: We used the database of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) from 2006 to 2008, and analyzed data from 938 patients (MPA = 697, GPA = 241) who fulfilled the MHLW diagnostic criteria and had registered within a year after onset. Results: The mean ages of the MPA and GPA patients were 69.4 ± 0.4 and 58.4 ± 1.1 years, respectively. Renal (86.9 %), chest (73.7 %), and nervous system (45.2 %) symptoms were common in MPA patients. Ear, nose, and throat (86.7 %), chest (78.0 %), and renal (60.6 %) symptoms were frequently observed in GPA patients. The concomitant use of cyclophosphamide (CY) with corticosteroids was observed in 22.2 % of the MPA patients and 58.5 % of the GPA patients. In multivariate analysis, the concomitant use of CY was associated with a younger age and pulmonary hemorrhage in MPA patients, and the avoidance of CY was associated with nervous system symptoms and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in GPA patients. Plasma exchanges were inducted in 5.2 % of the MPA patients and 4.1 % of the GPA patients. The addition of plasma exchange was associated with elevation of the serum creatinine level in patients with both MPA and GPA. Conclusion: A dominance of MPA and a reduced frequency of renal involvement in GPA patients may be significant features of the Japanese population. Clinical practice relating to MPA and GPA in Japan can be characterized as follows: CY is used less commonly, and plasma exchange is employed for patients with deteriorated renal function. © 2012 The Author(s).

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-012-0651-1

    Web of Science

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Inflammation and the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy Reviewed

    Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL SCIENCE   124 ( 3-4 )   139 - 152   2013.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    The most problematic issue in clinical nephrology is the relentless and progressive increase in patients with ESRD (end-stage renal disease) worldwide. The impact of diabetic nephropathy on the increasing population with CKD (chronic kidney disease) and ESRD is enormous. Three major pathways showing abnormality of intracellular metabolism have been identified in the development of diabetic nephropathy: (i) the activation of polyol and PKC (protein kinase C) pathways; (ii) the formation of advanced glycation end-products; and (iii) intraglomerular hypertension induced by glomerular hyperfiltration. Upstream of these three major pathways, hyperglycaemia is the major driving force of the progression to ESRD from diabetic nephropathy. Downstream of the three pathways, microinflammation and subsequent extracellular matrix expansion are common pathways for the progression of diabetic nephropathy. In recent years, many researchers have been convinced that the inflammation pathways play central roles in the progression of diabetic nephropathy, and the identification of new inflammatory molecules may link to the development of new therapeutic strategies. Various molecules related to the inflammation pathways in diabetic nephropathy include transcription factors, pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, Toll-like receptors, adipokines and nuclear receptors, which are candidates for the new molecular targets for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Understanding of these molecular pathways of inflammation would translate into the development of anti-inflammation therapeutic strategies.

    DOI: 10.1042/CS20120198

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The effects of telmisartan treatment on the abdominal fat depot in patients with metabolic syndrome and essential hypertension: Abdominal fat Depot Intervention Program of Okayama (ADIPO) Reviewed

    Kazutoshi Murakami, Jun Wada, Daisuke Ogawa, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Tomoko Miyoshi, Motofumi Sasaki, Haruhito A. Uchida, Yoshio Nakamura, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES & VASCULAR DISEASE RESEARCH   10 ( 1 )   93 - 96   2013.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD  

    Telmisartan partially activates the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR gamma), which may ameliorate the accumulation of visceral adipose tissues and sensitise insulin action. Nineteen patients with essential hypertension and metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to receive 40 mg of telmisartan (TELMI group) once daily or 80 mg of valsartan (VAL group) once daily for 24 weeks. The visceral fat area (VFA) measured by computed tomography (CT) was significantly reduced from 150.4 +/- 15.5 to 127.7 +/- 16.7 cm(2) in the TELMI group (p=0.049). Although VFA was also reduced in the VAL group from 169.8 +/- 14.8 to 155.3 +/- 14.8 cm(2), the change was not significant (p=0.173). There were no significant changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, subdermal fat area (SFA), fasting plasma glucose, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in comparison to the baseline and follow-up data in both groups. In conclusion, telmisartan may have a benefit in the reduction of visceral adipose tissues in comparison to valsartan.

    DOI: 10.1177/1479164112444640

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Serum galectin-9 levels are elevated in the patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease Reviewed

    Yuko Kurose, Jun Wada, Motoko Kanzaki, Sanae Teshigawara, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Mayu Watanabe, Chigusa Higuchi, Jun Eguchi, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hirofumi Makino

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   14   2013.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: Galectin-9 (Gal-9) induces apoptosis in activated T helper 1 (T(H)1) cells as a ligand for T cell immunoglobulin mucin-3 (Tim-3). Gal-9 also inhibits the G1 phase cell cycle arrest and hypertrophy in db/db mice, the hallmark of early diabetic nephropathy, by reversing the high glucose-induced up-regulation of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors such as p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1).
    Methods: We investigated the serum levels of Gal-9 in the patients with type 2 diabetes and various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) (n = 182).
    Results: Serum Gal-9 levels in the patients with type 2 diabetes were 131.9 +/- 105.4 pg/ml and Log(10)Gal-9 levels significantly and positively correlated with age (r = 0.227, p = 0.002), creatinine (r = 0.175, p = 0.018), urea nitrogen (r = 0.162, p = 0.028) and osmotic pressure (r = 0.187, p = 0.014) and negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r = -0.188, p = 0.011). Log(10)Gal-9 levels increased along with the progression of GFR categories of G1 to G4, and they were statistically significant by Jonckheere-Terpstra test (p = 0.012). Log(10)Gal-9 levels remained similar levels in albuminuria stages of A1 to A3.
    Conclusion: The elevation of serum Gal-9 in the patients with type 2 diabetes is closely linked to GFR and they may be related to the alteration of the immune response and inflammation of the patients with type 2 diabetes and CKD.

    DOI: 10.1186/1471-2369-14-23

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Replication Study of 15 Recently Published Loci for Body Fat Distribution in the Japanese Population Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Aya Kitamoto, Takuya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Hajime Teranishi, Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Takahiro Nakamura, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND THROMBOSIS   20 ( 4 )   336 - 350   2013

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN ATHEROSCLEROSIS SOC  

    Aim: Visceral fat accumulation plays an integral role in morbidity and mortality rates by increasing the risk of developing metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. New genetic loci associated with fat distribution, measured by waist-hip ratios and computed tomography (CT), have recently been identified by genome-wide association studies in European-descent populations. This study used CT to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to fat distribution are associated with visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) in the Japanese population.
    Methods: We measured the VFAs and SFAs of 1424 obese Japanese subjects (BMI &gt;= 25 kg/m(2), 635 men and 789 women) that were genotyped at 15 SNPs, namely, TBX15 rs984222, DNM3 rs1011731, LYPLAL1 rs4846567, GRB14 rs10195252, NISCH rs6784615, ADAMTS9 rs6795735, CPEB4 rs6861681, LY86 rs1294421, VEGFA rs6905288, RSPO3 rs9491696, NFE2L3 rs1055144, ITPR2 rs718314, HOXC13 rs1443512, ZNRF3 rs4823006 and THNSL2 rs1659258.
    Results: The G-allele of LYPLAL1 rs4846567 was borderline associated with an increased ratio of VFA to SFA (V/S ratio; p=0.0020). LYPLAL1 rs4846567 had a stronger effect on the V/S ratio in women (p=0.0078) than in men (p=0.12); however, neither result was significant after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. NISCH rs6784615 was nominally associated with increased VFA (p=0.040) and V/S ratio (p=0.020). The other SNPs analyzed were not significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), VFA, or SFA.
    Conclusion: Our results suggest that LYPLAL1 rs4846567 and NISCH rs6784615 may influence fat distribution in the Japanese population.

    DOI: 10.5551/jat.14589

    Web of Science

    researchmap

    Other Link: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-5170

  • The serum vaspin levels are reduced in Japanese chronic hemodialysis patients Reviewed

    Junko Inoue, Jun Wada, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Yuji Takatori, Shoichirou Kojo, Shigeru Akagi, Kazushi Nakao, Nobuyuki Miyatake, John F. McDonald, Hirofumi Makino

    BMC NEPHROLOGY   13   2012.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BIOMED CENTRAL LTD  

    Background: Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine proteinase inhibitor (vaspin) is an adipokine identified in genetically obese rats that correlates with insulin resistance and obesity in humans. Recently, we found that 7% of the Japanese population with the minor allele sequence (A) of rs77060950 exhibit higher levels of serum vaspin. We therefore evaluated the serum vaspin levels in Japanese chronic hemodialysis patients.
    Methods: Healthy Japanese control volunteers (control; n = 95, 49.9 +/- 6.91 years) and Japanese patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy (HD; n = 138, 51.4 +/- 10.5 years) were enrolled in this study, and serum samples were subjected to the human vaspin RIA system.
    Results: The measurement of the serum vaspin levels demonstrated that a fraction of control subjects (n = 5) and HD patients (n = 11) exhibited much higher levels (&gt; 10 ng/ml; Vaspin(High) group), while the rest of the population exhibited lower levels (&lt; 3 ng/ml; Vaspin(Low) group). By comparing the patients in the Vaspin(Low) group, the serum vaspin levels were found to be significantly higher in the control subjects (0.87 +/- 0.24 ng/ml) than in the HD patients (0.32 +/- 0.15 ng/ml) (p &lt; 0.0001). In the stepwise regression analyses, the serum creatinine and triglyceride levels were found to be independently and significantly associated with the vaspin concentrations in all subjects.
    Conclusions: The creatinine levels are negatively correlated with the serum vaspin levels and were significantly reduced in the Japanese HD patients in the Vaspin(Low) group.

    DOI: 10.1186/1471-2369-13-163

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Case of emphysematous cholecystitis in a patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus associated with schizophrenia Reviewed

    Ayu Ogawa, Kenichi Shikata, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Susumu Shinoura, Naosuke Yokomichi, Daisuke Ogawa, Chicage Sato-Horiguchi, Takahito Yagi, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION   3 ( 6 )   534 - 535   2012.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Emphysematous cholecystitis is a rare, but life-threatening, form of acute cholecystitis caused by gas-forming organisms in the gallbladder. A 73-year-old male patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with neuropathy associated with schizophrenia was admitted to Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan, because of a high fever and general malaise. On the fourth hospital day, despite normal liver function tests and little abdominal pain, his abdominal computed tomography showed huge gas formation in the gallbladder lumen along with a dilated gallbladder with a thickened wall, consistent with emphysematous cholecystitis. The patient underwent an emergency open cholecystectomy. Few abdominal symptoms appeared because of the hyposensitivity to pain caused by not only diabetic neuropathy, but also antipsychotic agents the patient was taking for schizophrenia. Emphysematous cholecystitis should be taken into consideration for the differential diagnosis of high fever in diabetic patients with schizophrenia, irrespective of the level of liver function tests and clinical symptoms. (J Diabetes Invest, doi: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00232. x, 2012)

    DOI: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2012.00232.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Vaspin Is an Adipokine Ameliorating ER Stress in Obesity as a Ligand for Cell-Surface GRP78/MTJ-1 Complex Reviewed

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Izumi Iseda, Sanae Teshigawara, Kanji Higashio, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Kazuyuki Hida, Jun Eguchi, Chikage Sato Horiguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Yasushi Matsuki, Ryuji Hiramatsu, Hideo Yagita, Shigeru Kakuta, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES   61 ( 11 )   2823 - 2832   2012.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    It is unknown whether adipokines derived from adipose tissues modulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induced in obesity. Here, we show that visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin) binds to cell-surface 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), which is recruited from ER to plasma membrane under ER stress. Vaspin transgenic mice were protected from diet-induced obesity, glucose intolerance, and hepatic steatosis, while vaspin-deficient mice developed glucose intolerance associated with upregulation of ER stress markers. With tandem affinity tag purification using HepG2 cells, we identified GRP78 as an interacting molecule. The complex formation of vaspin, GRP78, and murine tumor cell DnaJ-like protein 1 (MTJ-1) (DnaJ homolog, subfamily C, member 1) on plasma membrane was confirmed by cell-surface labeling with biotin and immunoprecipitation in liver tissues and H-4-II-E-C3 cells. The addition of recombinant human vaspin in the cultured H-4-II-E-C3 cells also increased the phosphorylation of Akt and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in a dose-dependent manner, and anti-GRP78 antibodies completely abrogated the vaspin-induced upregulation of pAkt and pAMPK Vaspin is a novel ligand for cell-surface GRP78/MTJ-1 complex, and its subsequent signals exert beneficial effects on ER stress-induced metabolic dysfunctions. Diabetes 61:2823-2832, 2012

    DOI: 10.2337/db12-0232

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Activation of Liver X Receptor Inhibits Osteopontin and Ameliorates Diabetic Nephropathy Reviewed

    Hiromi Tachibana, Daisuke Ogawa, Yuichi Matsushita, Dennis Bruemmer, Jun Wada, Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Eguchi, Chikage Sato-Horiguchi, Haruhito Adam Uchida, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   23 ( 11 )   1835 - 1846   2012.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER SOC NEPHROLOGY  

    Osteopontin is a proinflammatory cytokine and monocyte chemoattractant implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Synthetic agonists for liver X receptors (LXRs) suppress the expression of proinflammatory genes, including osteopontin, but whether LXR activation modulates diabetic nephropathy is unknown. We administered the LXR agonist T0901317 to mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and evaluated its effects on diabetic nephropathy. The LXR agonist decreased urinary albumin excretion without altering blood glucose levels and substantially attenuated macrophage infiltration, mesangial matrix accumulation, and interstitial fibrosis. LXR activation suppressed the gene expression of inflammatory mediators, including osteopontin, in the kidney cortex. In vitro, LXR activation suppressed osteopontin expression in proximal tubular epithelial cells by inhibiting AP-1-dependent transcriptional activation of the osteopontin promoter. Taken together, these results suggest that inhibition of renal osteopontin by LXR agonists may have therapeutic potential for diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2012010022

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Hydrogen-rich water prevents progression of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and accompanying hepatocarcinogenesis in mice Reviewed

    Daisuke Kawai, Akinobu Takaki, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Naofumi Tamaki, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Kazuko Koike, Ryuichiro Tsuzaki, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Yasuhiro Miyake, Hidenori Shiraha, Manabu Morita, Hirofumi Makino, Kazuhide Yamamoto

    HEPATOLOGY   56 ( 3 )   912 - 921   2012.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Oxidative stress is a strong contributor to the progression from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Molecular hydrogen is an effective antioxidant that reduces cytotoxic reactive oxygen species. In this study, we investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water and the drug pioglitazone on the progression of NASH in mouse models. A methionine-cholinedeficient (MCD) diet mouse model was prepared. Mice were divided into three experimental groups and fed for 8 weeks as follows: (1) MCD diet + control water (CW group); (2) MCD diet + hydrogen-rich water (HW group); and (3) MCD diet mixed with pioglitazone (PGZ group). Plasma alanine aminotransferase levels, hepatic expression of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-6, fatty acid synthesisrelated genes, oxidative stress biomarker 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and apoptosis marker terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferasemediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL)positive cells in the liver were decreased in the HW and PGZ groups. The HW group showed a smaller decrease in hepatic cholesterol; however, stronger antioxidative effects in serum and lower peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-a expression in the liver were seen in comparison with the PGZ group. We then investigated the effects of hydrogen in the prevention of hepatocarcinogenesis in STAM mice, known as the NASH-related hepatocarcinogenesis model. Eight-week-old male STAM mice were divided into three experimental groups as follows: (1) control water (CW-STAM); (2) hydrogen-rich water (HW-STAM); and (3) pioglitazone (PGZ-STAM). After 8 weeks, hepatic tumors were evaluated. The number of tumors was significantly lower in the HW-STAM and PGZ-STAM groups than in the CW-STAM group. The maximum tumor size was smaller in the HW-STAM group than in the other groups. Conclusion: Consumption of hydrogen-rich water may be an effective treatment for NASH by reducing hepatic oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammation, and hepatocarcinogenesis. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;56:912921)

    DOI: 10.1002/hep.25782

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Serum Vaspin Concentrations Are Closely Related to Insulin Resistance, and rs77060950 at SERPINA12 Genetically Defines Distinct Group with Higher Serum Levels in Japanese Population Reviewed

    Sanae Teshigawara, Jun Wada, Kazuyuki Hida, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Eguchi, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Izumi Iseda, Yuichi Matsushita, Nobuyuki Miyatake, John F. McDonald, Kikuko Hotta, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM   97 ( 7 )   E1202 - E1207   2012.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    Context: Vaspin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing effects identified from visceral adipose tissues of genetically obese rats.
    Objective: We investigated genetic and nongenetic factors that define serum concentrations of vaspin.
    Design, Setting and Participants: Vaspin levels were measured with RIA in Japanese subjects with normal fasting plasma glucose (NFG; n = 259) and type 2 diabetes patients (T2D; n = 275). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at SERPINA12 (vaspin) gene locus were discovered, and five SNP were genotyped in the subjects with varied body mass index (n = 1138).
    Results: The level of serum vaspin in 93% of the samples was found to vary from 0.2 to nearly 2 ng/ml in NFG subjects (n = 259) and from 0.2 to nearly 3 ng/ml in T2D patients (n = 275) (Vaspin(Low) group), whereas a significant subpopulation (7%) in both groups displayed much higher levels of 10-40 ng/ml (Vaspin(High) group). In the Vaspin(Low) group, serum vaspin levels in T2D were significantly higher than healthy subjects (0.99 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.86 +/- 0.02 ng/ml; P &lt; 0.01). Both in T2D and genotyped Japanese population, serum vaspin levels closely correlated with homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance rather than anthropometric parameters. By genotyping, rs77060950 tightly linked to serum vaspin levels, i.e. CC (0.6 +/- 0.4 ng/ml), CA (18.4 +/- 9.6 ng/ml), and AA (30.5 +/- 5.1 ng/ml) (P &lt; 2 x 10(-16)). Putative GATA-2 and GATA-3 binding consensus site was found at rs77060950.
    Conclusions: Serum vaspin levels were related to insulin resistance, and higher levels of serum vaspin in 7% of the Japanese population are closely linked to minor allele sequence (A) of rs77060950. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 97: E1202-E1207, 2012)

    DOI: 10.1210/jc.2011-3297

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Association between type 2 diabetes genetic susceptibility loci and visceral and subcutaneous fat area as determined by computed tomography Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Aya Kitamoto, Takuya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Hajime Teranishi, Rina So, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Takahiro Nakamura, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   57 ( 5 )   305 - 310   2012.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in the development of several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes have been identified by genome-wide association studies. To examine the association of type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci and visceral fat accumulation, we genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women), who underwent computed tomography for measurements of visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): NOTCH2 rs10923931, THADA rs7578597, PPARG rs1801282, ADAMTS9 rs4607103, IGF2BP2 rs1470579, VEGFA rs9472138, JAZF1 rs864745, CDKN2A/CDKN2B rs564398 and rs10811661, HHEX rs1111875 and rs5015480, TCF7L2 rs7901695, KCNQ1 rs2237892, KCNJ11 rs5215 and rs5219, EXT2 rs1113132, rs11037909, and rs3740878, MTNR1B rs10830963, DCD rs1153188, TSPAN8/LGR5 rs7961581, and FTO rs8050136 and rs9939609. None of the above SNPs were significantly associated with VFA. The FTO rs8050136 and rs9939609 risk alleles exhibited significant associations with body mass index (BMI; P=0.00088 and P=0.0010, respectively) and SFA (P=0.00013 and P=0.00017, respectively). No other SNPs were significantly associated with BMI or SFA. Our results suggest that two SNPs in the FTO gene are associated with subcutaneous fat accumulation. The contributions of other SNPs are inconclusive because of a limitation of the sample power. Journal of Human Genetics (2012) 57, 305-310; doi:10.1038/jhg.2012.21; published online 1 March 2012

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2012.21

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • RXR antagonism induces G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and ameliorates obesity by up-regulating the p53-p21(Cip1) pathway in adipocytes Reviewed

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Kazuyuki Hida, Aya Hida, Jun Eguchi, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Daisuke Ogawa, Hiroyuki Kagechika, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY   226 ( 5 )   784 - 795   2012.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma) agonist, pioglitazone (PIO), exerts anti-diabetic properties associated with increased fat mass, whereas the retinoid X receptor (RXR) antagonist HX531 demonstrates anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects with reduced body weight and fat pad mass. The cell cycle abnormality in adipocytes has not been well-investigated in obesity or during treatment with modulators of nuclear receptors. We therefore investigated cell size and cell cycle distributions of adipocytes in vivo and examined the expression of cell cycle regulators in cultured human visceral preadipocytes. The cell size distribution and cell cycle analyses of in vivo adipocytes derived from OLETF rats demonstrated that HX531 brought about G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest associated with the inhibition of cellular hypertrophy, which resulted in the reduction of fat pad mass. In contrast, PIO promoted proliferation activities associated with the increase in M + late M:G(0) + G(1) ratio and the appearance of both small and hypertrophied adipocytes. In cultured human visceral preadipocytes HX531 up-regulated cell cycle regulators, p53, p21(Cip1), cyclin D1, Fbxw7 and Skp2, which are known contributors towards G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest. The knockdown of p53 with a shRNA lentivirus reversed the HX531-induced up-regulation of p21(Cip1), which is one of the major p53-effector molecules. We conclude that HX531 exerts anti-obesity and anti-diabetes properties by up-regulating the p53-p21(Cip1) pathway, resulting in G(0)/G(1) cell cycle arrest and the inhibition of cellular hypertrophy of adipocytes. Copyright (c) 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1002/path.3001

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Impact of circulating vaspin levels on metabolic variables in elderly twins Reviewed

    K. Hida, P. Poulsen, S. Teshigawara, E. Nilsson, M. Friedrichsen, R. Ribel-Madsen, L. Grunnet, S. S. Lund, J. Wada, A. Vaag

    DIABETOLOGIA   55 ( 2 )   530 - 532   2012.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    DOI: 10.1007/s00125-011-2385-0

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Galectin-9 and T Cell Immunoglobulin Mucin-3 Pathway Is a Therapeutic Target for Type 1 Diabetes Reviewed

    Motoko Kanzaki, Jun Wada, Koichi Sugiyama, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Jun Eguchi, Hisaya Akiba, Hideo Yagita, Hirofumi Makino

    ENDOCRINOLOGY   153 ( 2 )   612 - 620   2012.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    Galectin-9 (Gal-9), a ligand for T cell Ig mucin-3 (Tim-3), induces apoptosis in cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4)(+) Tim-3(+) T helper 1 (T(H)1) cells via the Gal-9-Tim-3 pathway and negatively regulates T(H)1 immunity. In turn, Gal-9 activates dendritic cells (DC) to produce TNF-alpha, which promotes the T(H)1 response. We investigated the efficacy of Gal-9 against T(H)1-mediated autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice and compared with anti-Tim-3 monoclonal antibody (RMT3-23), which inhibited the binding between Tim-3-Ig and Gal-9 in a solid-phase binding assay. mRNA expression of Gal-9 was prominently induced by the treatment of interferon-gamma in MIN6 cells, and Gal-9 was also expressed in the pancreatic beta-cells in NOD mice, suggesting Gal-9 may be released from pancreatic beta-cells to terminate T(H)1-mediated inflammation. Long-term injection of Gal-9 exhibits preventive efficacy for development of diabetes in NOD mice, but RMT3-23 demonstrated further prominent therapeutic potential compared with Gal-9. Gal-9 induced apoptosis of CD4(+)Tim-3(+) T(H)1 cells at the concentration of 0.2 mu M, whereas RMT3-23 failed to enhance the apoptosis of CD4(+)Tim-3(+) T(H)1 cells. In contrast, Gal-9 induced TNF-alpha production in cultured DC in a dose-dependent manner; however, RMT3-23 inhibited Gal-9-induced TNF-alpha production in a dose-dependent manner. Although Gal-9 exhibited certain therapeutic potential against autoimmune diabetes by enhancing apoptosis of CD4(+)Tim-3(+) T(H)1 cells, RMT3-23 exhibited prominent therapeutic efficacy by suppressing the TNF-alpha production and activation of DC. Taken together, the inhibition of the Gal-9-Tim-3 pathway on DC, upstream of T(H)1 response, may be a new target for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. (Endocrinology 153: 612-620, 2012)

    DOI: 10.1210/en.2011-1579

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Genetic variations in the CYP17A1 and NT5C2 genes are associated with a reduction in visceral and subcutaneous fat areas in Japanese women Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Aya Kitamoto, Takuya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Hajime Teranishi, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Takahiro Nakamura, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   57 ( 1 )   46 - 51   2012.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in increasing the morbidity and mortality rates, by increasing the risk of developing several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that are associated with increased systolic and diastolic blood pressures have been identified by genome-wide association studies in Caucasian populations. This study investigates whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that confer susceptibility to high blood pressure are also associated with visceral fat obesity. We genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women) who underwent computed tomography for measuring the visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) at the following SNPs: FGF5 rs16998073, CACNB2 rs11014166, C10orf107 rs1530440, CYP17A1 rs1004467, NT5C2 rs11191548, PLEKHA7 rs381815, ATP2B1 rs2681472 and rs2681492, ARID3B rs6495112, CSK rs1378942, PLCD3 rs12946454, and ZNF652 rs16948048. In an additive model, risk alleles of the CYP17A1 rs1004467 and NT5C2 rs11191548 were found to be significantly associated with reduced SFA (P=0.00011 and 0.0016, respectively). When the analysis was performed separately in men and women, significant associations of rs1004467 (additive model) and rs11191548 (recessive model) with reduced VFA (P=0.0018 and 0.0022, respectively) and SFA (P=0.00039 and 0.00059, respectively) were observed in women, but not in men. Our results suggest that polymorphisms in the CYP17A1 and NT5C2 genes influence a reduction in both visceral and subcutaneous fat mass in Japanese women. Journal of Human Genetics (2012) 57, 46-51; doi: 10.1038/jhg.2011.127; published online 10 November 2011

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2011.127

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The therapeutic potential of synthetic human atrial natriuretic peptide in nephrotic syndrome: a randomized controlled trial Reviewed

    Kanzaki M, Wada J, Kikumoto Y, Akagi S, Nakao K, Sugiyama H, Makino H

    Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis   5   91 - 6   2012

  • A Case of Type 2 Diabetes and Metastatic Liver Cancer Exhibiting Hypercholesterolemia with Abnormal Lipoproteins Reviewed

    Motoko Kanzaki, Jun Wada, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazutoshi Murakami, Kentaro Inoue, Takahiro Terami, Akihiro Katayama, Junichiro Nasu, Kazuhide Yamamoto, Hirofumi Makino

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   51 ( 6 )   619 - 623   2012

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Although the appearance of abnormal lipoproteins in liver diseases is well known, the precise analyses of abnormal lipoproteins remain elusive. Here, we report a 71-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes whose serum cholesterol levels were elevated to 560 mg/dL over a 4-month period. High-performance liquid chromatography demonstrated the presence of lipoprotein-X and lipoprotein-Y and sigmoid colon cancer and multiple liver metastases were found by colonoscopy and computed tomography. Remission of the primary colon cancer and liver lesions was achieved by chemotherapy with oxaliplatin and fluorouracil and her serum cholesterol went back to basal levels associated with the disappearance of abnormal lipoproteins.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.51.6486

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Telmisartan Attenuates Diabetic Nephropathy by Suppressing Oxidative Stress in db/db Mice Reviewed

    Chikage Sato-Horiguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada, Hiromi Tachibana, Ryo Kodera, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Naoto Terami, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    NEPHRON EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   121 ( 3-4 )   E97 - E108   2012

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:KARGER  

    Background/Aims: Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, is widely used to treat hypertension and kidney diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, because of its renoprotective effects. However, the mechanism by which telmisartan prevents proteinuria and renal dysfunction in diabetic nephropathy is still unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of telmisartan against diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice. Methods: Telmisartan was administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day for 3 weeks to db/db (diabetic) and db/m (control) mice. Urinary albumin excretion, renal histology, and the gene expression of oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in renal tissue were determined. To evaluate the effects of telmisartan on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, superoxide was detected by dihydroethidium (DHE) staining in vivo and in vitro. Results: Telmisartan reduced albuminuria, mesangial matrix expansion, macrophage infiltration, and the expression of ROS markers (NADPH oxidase 4- and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine) and inflammatory cytokines (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, osteopontin, and transforming growth factor-beta) in the kidney. DHE staining showed that telmisartan decreased ROS generation in the kidney and in cultured mesangial and proximal tubular epithelial cells. Conclusions: Taken together, these findings indicate that telmisartan protects against diabetic nephropathy by reducing diabetes-induced oxidative stress. Copyright (c) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel

    DOI: 10.1159/000343102

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Computed tomography analysis of the association between the SH2B1 rs7498665 single-nucleotide polymorphism and visceral fat area Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Takuya Kitamoto, Aya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Hideyuki Hyogo, Hidenori Ochi, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuaki Chayama, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Kiyoji Tanaka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   56 ( 10 )   716 - 719   2011.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Visceral fat accumulation has an important role in increasing morbidity and mortality rate by increasing the risk of developing several metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. New genetic loci that contribute to the development of obesity have been identified by genome-wide association studies in Caucasian populations. We genotyped 1279 Japanese subjects (556 men and 723 women), who underwent computed tomography (CT) for measuring visceral fat area (VFA) and subcutaneous fat area (SFA), for the following single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): NEGR1 rs2815752, SEC16B rs10913469, TMEM18 rs6548238, ETV5 rs7647305, GNPDA2 rs10938397, BDNF rs6265 and rs925946, MTCH2 rs10838738, SH2B1 rs7498665, MAF rs1424233, and KCTD15 rs29941 and rs11084753. In the additive model, none of the SNPs were significantly associated with body mass index (BMI). The SH2B1 rs7498665 risk allele was found to be significantly associated with VFA (P=0.00047) but not with BMI or SFA. When the analysis was performed in men and women separately, no significant associations with VFA were observed (P=0.0099 in men and P=0.022 in women). None of the other SNPs were significantly associated with SFA. Our results suggest that there is a VFA-specific genetic factor and that a polymorphism in the SH2B1 gene influences the risk of visceral fat accumulation. Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 56, 716-719; doi:10.1038/jhg.2011.86; published online 28 July 2011

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2011.86

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Two novel mutations of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) gene and the influence of APOE genotypes on clinical manifestations. Reviewed

    Katayama A, Wada J, Kataoka HU, Yamasaki H, Teshigawara S, Terami T, Inoue K, Kanzaki M, Murakami K, Nakatsuka A, Sugiyama H, Koide N, Bujo H, Makino H

    NDT plus   4 ( 5 )   299 - 302   2011.10

  • Association of variations in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes with metabolic syndrome in a Japanese population Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Takuya Kitamoto, Aya Kitamoto, Seiho Mizusawa, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kazuwa Nakao, Akihiro Sekine

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   56 ( 9 )   647 - 651   2011.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Metabolic syndrome is defined as a cluster of multiple risk factors, including central obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance, that increase cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. Genetic factors are important in the development of metabolic syndrome, as are environmental factors. However, the genetic background of metabolic syndrome is not yet fully clarified. There is evidence that obesity and obesity-related phenotypes are associated with variations in several genes, including NEGR1, SEC16B, TMEM18, ETV5, GNPDA2, BDNF, MTCH2, SH2B1, FTO, MAF, MC4R, KCTD15, SCG3, MTMR9, TFAP2B, MSRA, LYPLAL1, GCKR and FADS1. To investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and variations in these genes in the Japanese population, we genotyped 33 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 19 genes from 1096 patients with metabolic syndrome and 581 control individuals who had no risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Four SNPs in the FTO gene were significantly related to metabolic syndrome: rs9939609 (P=0.00013), rs8050136 (P=0.00011), rs1558902 (P=6.6 x 10(-5)) and rs1421085 (P=7.4 x 10(-5)). rs3764220 in the SCG3 gene (P=0.0010) and rs2293855 in the MTMR9 gene (P=0.0015) were also significantly associated with metabolic syndrome. SNPs in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes had no SNP x SNP epistatic effects on metabolic syndrome. Our data suggest that genetic variations in the FTO, SCG3 and MTMR9 genes independently influence the risk of metabolic syndrome. Journal of Human Genetics (2011) 56, 647-651; doi: 10.1038/jhg.2011.74; published online 28 July 2011

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2011.74

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Involvement of MAPKs in ICAM-1 Expression in Glomerular Endothelial Cells in Diabetic Nephropathy Reviewed

    Naomi Watanabe, Kenichi Shikata, Yasushi Shikata, Kei Sarai, Kazuyoshi Omori, Ryo Kodera, Chikage Sato, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   65 ( 4 )   247 - 257   2011.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways for induction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in glomerular endothelial cells under diabetic conditions. We examined the expression of ICAM-1 in the kidneys of experimental diabetic rats. Human glomerular endothelial cells (GE cells) were exposed to normal glucose concentration, high glucose concentration (HG), or high mannitol concentration (HM), and then the expression of the ICAM-1 protein and the phosphorylation of the 3 subfamilies of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were determined using Western blot analysis. Next, to evaluate the involvement of MAPKs in HG- or HM-induced ICAM-1 expression, we preincubated GE cells with the inhibitors for ERK, p38 or JNK 1h prior to the application of glucose or mannitol. Expression of ICAM-1 was increased in the glomeruli of diabetic rats. Both FIG and HM induced ICAM-1 expression and phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38 and JINX in GE cells. Expression of ICAM-1 was significantly attenuated by inhibitors of ERK, p38 and JNK. We conclude that activation of ERK1/2, p38 and JNK cascades may be involved in ICAM-1 expression in glomerular endothelial cells under diabetic conditions.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/46850

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Icodextrin Increases Technique Survival Rate in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy by Improving Body Fluid Management: A Randomized Controlled Trial Reviewed

    Yuji Takatori, Shigeru Akagi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Junko Inoue, Shoichiro Kojo, Hiroshi Morinaga, Kazushi Nakao, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   6 ( 6 )   1337 - 1344   2011.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER SOC NEPHROLOGY  

    Background and objectives There are still controversies whether peritoneal dialysis (PD) with icodextrin preserves residual renal and peritoneal membrane functions in patients with diabetes. However, there are no randomized controlled and long-term clinical trials in newly started PD patients with diabetic nephropathy.
    Design, setting, participants, & measurements Forty-one patients with diabetic nephropathy with ESRD were enrolled and randomly assigned to the glucose group (GLU) treated with 8 L of 1.5% or 2.5% glucose or an icodextrin group (ICO) treated with 1.5 or 2.0 L of 7.5% icodextrin-containing solutions. Technique failure, body fluid management, glucose and lipid metabolism, and residual renal and peritoneal functions and were evaluated over 2 years.
    Results The technique survival rate was 71.4% in ICo and 45.0% in GLU, with most of the technique failure due to volume overload. ICO showed significantly better cumulative technique survival. Net ultrafiltration volume was significantly higher in ICO throughout the study period. There were no beneficial effects of icodextrin on hemoglobin A1c, glycoalbumin, and lipid profile at 24 months. Urine volume and residual renal function declined faster in ICO, but there were no significant differences between the two groups. For peritoneal function, no differences were observed in dialysis-to-plasma creatinine ratios during the observation.
    Conclusions In PD therapy for diabetic nephropathy, the use of icodextrin-containing solutions has a beneficial effect on technique survival, but there are no apparent benefits or disadvantages in residual renal and peritoneal functions compared with conventional PD with glucose solution. Clin J An, Soc Nephrol 6: 1337-1344, 2011. doi: 10.2215/CJN.10041110

    DOI: 10.2215/CJN.10041110

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The Macrophage Is a Key Factor in Renal Injuries Caused by Glomerular Hyperfiltration Reviewed

    Motofumi Sasaki, Kenichi Shikata, Shinichi Okada, Satoshi Miyamoto, Shingo Nishishita, Hitomi Usui Kataoka, Chikage Sato, Jun Wada, Daisuke Ogawa, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   65 ( 2 )   81 - 89   2011.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Glomerular hyperfiltration is a common pathway leading to glomerulosclerosis in various kinds of kidney diseases. The 5/6 renal ablation is an established experimental animal model for glomerular hyperfiltration. On the other hand, low-grade inflammation is also a common mechanism for the progression of kidney diseases including diabetic nephropathy and atherosclerosis. Here we analyzed the gene expression profile in the remnant kidney tissues of 5/6 nephrectomized mice using a DNA microarmy system and compared it with that of sham-operated control mice. The 5/6 nephrectomized mice showed glomerular hypertrophy and an increase in the extracellular matrix in the glomeruli. DNA microarray analysis indicated the up-regulated expression of various kinds of genes related to the inflammatory process in remnant kidneys. We confirmed the up-regulated expression of platelet factor-4, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, 2, and 5 in remnant kidneys by RT-PCR. The current results; suggest that the inflammatory process is involved in the progression of glomerulosclerosis and is a common pathway of the pathogenesis of kidney disease.

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 plays a critical role in glomerulosclerosis after subtotal nephrectomy Reviewed

    Yuichi Kido, Daisuke Ogawa, Kenichi Shikata, Motofumi Sasaki, Ryo Nagase, Shinichi Okada, Hitomi Usui Kataoka, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   15 ( 2 )   212 - 219   2011.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    Hyperfiltration in the glomeruli have been considered to be an important cause of glomerular injury; however, the role of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis is not known.
    To elucidate the effects of ICAM-1 depletion on hyperfiltration-induced glomerular disorder, we used subtotally nephrectomized ICAM-1(+/+) and ICAM-1(-/-) mice. We evaluated macrophage infiltration, mesangial matrix expansion, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and type IV collagen accumulation in glomeruli.
    Macrophage infiltration into the glomeruli and mesangial matrix expansion coincident with increased expression of both ICAM-1 and TGF-beta, and accumulation of type IV collagen were ameliorated in subtotally nephrectomized ICAM-1(-/-) mice compared to ICAM-1(+/+) mice. ICAM-1 depletion significantly reduced hyperfiltration-induced glomerular injury after renal ablation.
    Our present findings suggest that glomerular hyperfiltration is the leading cause of glomerulosclerosis, and it is mediated, at least in part, by ICAM-1 expression and macrophage infiltration.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-010-0388-7

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Emphysematous Cystitis in a Patient with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Reviewed

    Noriko Toyota, Daisuke Ogawa, Keita Ishii, Kyoji Hirata, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   65 ( 2 )   129 - 133   2011.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    A 62-year-old woman with a history of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital with a 3-week history of mild fever, vomiting, and anorexia. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral hydronephrosis and gas accumulation in the urinary bladder wall and left ureter. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level. Urine culture showed heavy growth of Escherichia coli. The final diagnosis was emphysematous cystitis. The patient was treated with systemic antibiotics and drainage using a urethral catheter. The clinical and radiographic findings resolved rapidly, and she was discharged from the hospital on day 28. Emphysematous cystitis is a relatively rare urinary tract infection associated with gas formation, and has the potential for a serious outcome if untreated. Early detection by imaging studies such as CT is important in providing prompt treatment and favorable clinical outcome.

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Activation of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor delta Inhibits Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Nephropathy Through Anti-Inflammatory Mechanisms in Mice Reviewed

    Yuichi Matsushita, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada, Noriko Yamamoto, Kenichi Shikata, Chikage Sato, Hiromi Tachibana, Noriko Toyota, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES   60 ( 3 )   960 - 968   2011.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    OBJECTIVE-Activation of the nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-delta has been shown to improve insulin resistance, adiposity, and plasma HDL levels. Several studies have reported that activation of PPAR delta is atheroprotective; however, the role of PPAR delta in renal function remains unclear. Here, we report the renoprotective effects of PPAR delta activation in a model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy.
    RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-Eight-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into three groups: 1) nondiabetic control mice, 2) diabetic mice, and,9) diabetic mice treated with the PPAR delta agonist GW0742 (1 mg/kg/day). GW0742 was administered by gavage for 8 weeks after inducing diabetes.
    RESULTS-GW0742 decreased urinary albumin excretion without altering blood glucose levels. Macrophage infiltration, mesangial matrix accumulation, and type IV collagen deposition were substantially attenuated by GW0742. The gene expression of inflammatory mediators in the kidney cortex, such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and osteopontin (OPN), was also suppressed. In vitro studies demonstrated that PPAR delta activation increased the expression of anti-inflammatory corepressor B-cell lymphoma-6, which subsequently suppressed MCP-1 and OPN expression.
    CONCLUSIONS-These findings uncover a previously unrecognized mechanism for the renoprotective effects of PPAR delta agonists and support the concept that PPAR delta agonists may offer a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes 60:960-968, 2011

    DOI: 10.2337/db10-1361

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • P-Selectin Glycoprotein Ligand-1 Deficiency Is Protective Against Obesity-Related Insulin Resistance Reviewed

    Chikage Sato, Kenichi Shikata, Daisho Hirota, Motofumi Sasaki, Shingo Nishishita, Satoshi Miyamoto, Ryo Kodera, Daisuke Ogawa, Atsuhito Tone, Hitomi Usui Kataoka, Jun Wada, Nobuo Kajitani, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES   60 ( 1 )   189 - 199   2011.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    OBJECTIVE An inflammatory process is involved in the mechanism of obesity-related insulin resistance. Recent studies indicate that monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a major chemokine that promotes monocyte infiltration into adipose tissues; however, the adhesion pathway in adipose tissues remains unclear. We aimed to clarify the adhesion molecules that mediate monocyte infiltration into adipose tissue.
    RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used a DNA microarray to compare the gene expression profiles in epididymal white adipose tissues (eWAT) between db/db mice and C57/BL6 mice each fed a high-fat diet (HFD) or a low-fat diet (LFD). We investigated the change of insulin resistance and inflammation in eWAT in P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) homozygous knockout (PSGL-1(-/-)) mice compared with wild-type (WT) mice fed HFD.
    RESULTS DNA microarray analysis revealed that PSGL-1, a major ligand for selectins, is upregulated in eWAT from both db/db mice and WT mice fed HFD. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry showed that PSGL-1 is expressed on both endothelial cells and macrophages in eWAT of obese mice. PSGL-1-/- mice fed HFD showed a remarkable reduction of macrophage accumulation and expression of proinflammatory genes, including MCP-1 in eWAT. Moreover, adipocyte hypertrophy, insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, and hepatic fatty change were improved in PSGL-1-/- mice compared with WT mice fed HFD.
    CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that PSGL-1 is a crucial adhesion molecule for the recruitment of monocytes into adipose tissues in obese mice, making it a candidate for a novel therapeutic target for the prevention of obesity-related insulin resistance. Diabetes 60:189-199, 2011

    DOI: 10.2337/db09-1894

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • High Glucose Increases Metallothionein Expression in Renal Proximal Tubular Epithelial Cells Reviewed

    Daisuke Ogawa, Masato Asanuma, Ikuko Miyazaki, Hiromi Tachibana, Jun Wada, Norio Sogawa, Takeshi Sugaya, Shinji Kitamura, Yohei Maeshima, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    EXPERIMENTAL DIABETES RESEARCH   2011

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION  

    Metallothionein(MT) is an intracellular metal-binding, cysteine-rich protein, and is a potent antioxidant that protects cells and tissues from oxidative stress. Although the major isoforms MT-1 and -2 (MT-1/-2) are highly inducible in many tissues, the distribution and role of MT-1/-2 in diabetic nephropathy are poorly understood. In this study, diabetes was induced in adult male rats by streptozotocin, and renal tissues were stained with antibodies for MT-1/-2. MT-1/-2 expression was also evaluated in mProx24 cells, a mouse renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line, stimulated with high glucose medium and pretreated with the antioxidant vitamin E. MT-1/-2 expression was gradually and dramatically increased, mainly in the proximal tubular epithelial cells and to a lesser extent in the podocytes in diabetic rats, but was hardly observed in control rats. MT-1/-2 expression was also increased by high glucose stimulation in mProx24 cells. Because the induction of MT was suppressed by pretreatment with vitamin E, the expression of MT-1/-2 is induced, at least in part, by high glucose-induced oxidative stress. These observations suggest that MT-1/-2 is induced in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells as an antioxidant to protect the kidney from oxidative stress, and may offer a novel therapeutic target against diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1155/2011/534872

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Discovery of Genes Related to Diabetic Nephropathy in Various Animal Models by Current Techniques Reviewed

    Jun Wada, Lin Sun, Yashpal S. Kanwar

    EXPERIMENTAL MODELS FOR RENAL DISEASES: PATHOGENESIS AND DIAGNOSIS   169   161 - 174   2011

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:KARGER  

    One of the major problems facing clinical nephrology currently throughout the world is an exponential increase in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which is largely related to a high incidence of diabetic nephropathy. The latter is characterized by a multitude of metabolic and signaling events following excessive channeling of glucose, which leads to an increased synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoproteins resulting in glomerulosclerosis, interstitial fibrosis and ultimately ESRD. With the incidence of nephropathy at pandemic levels and a high rate of ESRD, physicians around the world must treat a disproportionately large number of diabetic patients with up-to-date innovative measures. In this regard, identification of genes that are crucially involved in the progression of diabetic nephropathy would enhance the discovery of new biomarkers and could also promote the development of novel therapeutic strategies. Over the last decade, we focused on the recent methodologies of high-throughput and genome-wide screening for identification of relevant genes in various animal models, which included the following: (1) single nucleotide polymorphism-based genome-wide screening; (2) the transcriptome approach, such as differential display reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (DDRT-PCR), representational difference analysis of cDNA (cDNA-RDA)/suppressive subtractive hybridization, SAGE (serial analysis of gene expression) and DNA Microarray; and (3) the proteomic approach and 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) coupled with mass spectroscopic analysis. Several genes, such as Tim44 (translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane-44), RSOR/MIOX (renal specific oxidoreductase/myo-inositol oxygenate), UbA52, Rap1b (Ras-related GTPase), gremlin, osteopontin, hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-3 beta isotype 4 and those of the Wnt signaling pathway, were identified as differentially expressed genes in kidneys of diabetic rodents. Functional analysis of these genes and the subsequent translational research in the clinical settings would be very valuable in the prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Future trends for identification of the biomarkers and therapeutic target genes should also include genome scale DNA/histonemethylation profiling, metabolomic approaches (e.g. metabolic phenotyping by 1H spectroscopy) and lectin microarray for glycan profiling along with the development of robust data-mining strategies. Copyright (C) 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel

    DOI: 10.1159/000313951

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Insufficient control of morning home blood pressure in Japanese patients with hypertension associated with diabetes mellitus Reviewed

    Haruhito A. Uchida, Yoshio Nakamura, Hisanao Norii, Masanobu Kaihara, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION   1 ( 6 )   266 - 272   2010.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:WILEY  

    Aims/Introduction: The combination of hypertension with diabetes mellitus (DM) has been recognized as a critical risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We investigated the blood pressure levels in hypertensive patients with DM (HDM patients) compared with those without DM (HnDM patients). Furthermore, we examined the effect of risk factors, including chronic kidney disease (CKD) and stroke, on the management of both office blood pressure (OBP) and morning home blood pressure (MHBP).
    Materials and Methods: OBP and MHBP were evaluated in 1230 essential hypertensive patients in 30 institutions. Among them, 366 (30%) were complicated with DM.
    Results: The ratio of masked hypertensives whose systolic OBP was &lt; 140 mmHg and systolic MHBP was more than 135 mmHg in HDM patients was significantly higher than that in HnDM patients (P &lt; 0.02). HDM patients had significantly lower systolic and diastolic OBP and diastolic MHBP than HnDM patients (P &lt; 0.05, respectively). However, systolic MHBP in HDM patients tended to be higher compared with HnDM patients (P = 0.0623). A stratified analysis showed that HDM patients with CKD or stroke had significantly higher systolic MHBP than others (P &lt; 0.05, respectively). The adjusted odds ratio for morning hypertension defined by a systolic MHBP more than 135 mmHg was significantly higher in the HDM patients with CKD (1.98) compared with HnDM patients without CKD (reference).
    Conclusions: Diabetes, CKD and stroke are risk factors for MHBP. More intensive treatment is needed to achieve the therapeutic goal for systolic MHBP in HDM patients, especially those who are complicated with CKD or stroke. (J Diabetes Invest, doi:10.1111/j.2040-1124.2010.00056.x, 2010).

    DOI: 10.1111/j.2040-1124.2010.00056.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Polymorphisms in NRXN3, TFAP2B, MSRA, LYPLAL1, FTO and MC4R and their effect on visceral fat area in the Japanese population Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Michihiro Nakamura, Takahiro Nakamura, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Manabu Kawamoto, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Takato Ueno, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Kazuwa Nakao, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Yusuke Nakamura, Naoyuki Kamatani

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   55 ( 11 )   738 - 742   2010.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    The predominant risk factor of metabolic syndrome is intra-abdominal fat accumulation, which is determined by waist circumference and waist-hip ratio measurements and visceral fat area (VFA) that is measured by computed tomography (CT). There is evidence that waist circumference and waist-hip ratio in the Caucasian population are associated with variations in several genes, including neurexin 3 (NRXN3), transcription factor AP-2 beta (TFAP2B), methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MSRA), lysophospholipase-like-1 (LYPLAL1), fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) genes. To investigate the relationship between VFA and subcutaneous fat area (SFA) and these genes in the recruited Japanese population, we genotyped 8 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these 6 genes from 1228 subjects. Multiple regression analysis revealed that gender, age, and rs1558902 and rs1421085 genotypes (additive model) in FTO were significantly associated with body mass index (BMI; P=0.0039 and 0.0039, respectively), SFA (P=0.0027 and 0.0023, respectively) and VFA (P=0.045 and 0.040, respectively). However, SNPs in other genes, namely, NRXN3, TFAP2B, MSRA, LYPLAL1 and MC4R were not significantly associated with BMI, SFA or VFA. Our data suggest that some SNPs, which were identified in genome-wide studies in the Caucasians, also confer susceptibility to fat distribution in the Japanese subjects. Journal of Human Genetics (2010) 55, 738-742; doi:10.1038/jhg.2010.99; published online 12 August 2010

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2010.99

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Peramivir for Severe Influenza Infection in a Patient with Diabetic Nephropathy Reviewed

    Tatsuyo Nasu, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RESPIRATORY AND CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE   182 ( 9 )   1209 - 1210   2010.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:AMER THORACIC SOC  

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • In Vivo Delivery of Gremlin siRNA Plasmid Reveals Therapeutic Potential against Diabetic Nephropathy by Recovering Bone Morphogenetic Protein-7 Reviewed

    Qingxian Zhang, Yonghong Shi, Jun Wada, Sandra M. Malakauskas, Maodong Liu, Yunzhuo Ren, Chunyang Du, Huijun Duan, Yingmin Li, Ying Li, Yanling Zhang

    PLOS ONE   5 ( 7 )   2010.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Diabetic nephropathy is a complex and poorly understood disease process, and our current treatment options are limited. It remains critical, then, to identify novel therapeutic targets. Recently, a developmental protein and one of the bone morphogenetic protein antagonists, Gremlin, has emerged as a novel modulator of diabetic nephropathy. The high expression and strong co-localization with transforming growth factor-beta 1 in diabetic kidneys suggests a role for Gremlin in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. We have constructed a gremlin siRNA plasmid and have examined the effect of Gremlin inhibition on the progression of diabetic nephropathy in a mouse model. CD-1 mice underwent uninephrectomy and STZ treatment prior to receiving weekly injections of the plasmid. Inhibition of Gremlin alleviated proteinuria and renal collagen IV accumulation 12 weeks after the STZ injection and inhibited renal cell proliferation and apoptosis. In vitro experiments, using mouse mesangial cells, revealed that the transfect ion of gremlin siRNA plasmid reversed high glucose induced abnormalities, such as increased cell proliferation and apoptosis and increased collagen IV production. The decreased matrix metalloprotease level was partially normalized by transfection with gremlin siRNA plasmid. Additionally, we observed recovery of bone morphogenetic protein-7 signaling activity, evidenced by increases in phosphorylated Smad 5 protein levels. We conclude that inhibition of Gremlin exerts beneficial effects on the diabetic kidney mainly through maintenance of BMP-7 activity and that Gremlin may serve as a novel therapeutic target in the management of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011709

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Comparison of Insulin Detemir and Insulin Glargine on Glycemic Variability in Patients with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Reviewed

    A. Tone, I. Iseda, C. Higuchi, K. Tsukamoto, A. Katayama, Y. Matsushita, K. Hida, J. Wada, K. Shikata

    EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & DIABETES   118 ( 5 )   320 - 324   2010.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JOHANN AMBROSIUS BARTH VERLAG MEDIZINVERLAGE HEIDELBERG GMBH  

    Aims: To compare the glycemic variability of insulin detemir and insulin glargine in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.
    Methods: 15 type 1 and 14 type 2 diabetic patients receiving intensive insulin therapy with insulin glargine were enrolled. Before and after switching insulin glargine to insulin detemir, we assessed fasting glucose variability using the standard deviation (SD) and the coefficient of variance (CV) of self-monitored fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels.
    Results: The SD and CV values were significantly decreased in type 1 diabetes after switching the therapy, though there was no significant difference in type 2 diabetes. The frequency of hypoglycemia was decreased in type 1 diabetes and there was no change in type 2 diabetes. The changes of the CV value also showed significant positive correlation with fasting serum CPR levels in all patients and total insulin dose in type 1 diabetes. The changes of frequency of hypoglycemia showed significant positive correlation with total and basal insulin dose adjusted for body weight in type 1 diabetes.
    Conclusion: The present study demonstrated lower within-subject variability of insulin detemir compared to insulin glargine, suggesting that the basal insulin replacement with insulin detemir may provide a useful therapeutic strategy for uncontrolled type 1 diabetes with high glucose variability.

    DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1243230

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Effects of icodextrin peritoneal dialysis solution on the peritoneal membrane in the STZ-induced diabetic rat model with partial nephrectomy Reviewed

    Ai Nakao, Kazushi Nakao, Yuji Takatori, Syoichirou Kojo, Junko Inoue, Shigeru Akagi, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION   25 ( 5 )   1479 - 1488   2010.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    Methods. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control Wistar rats with non-treated (n = 8), streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats with 5/6 kidney ablation (n = 8), STZ-induced diabetic rats with 5/6 kidney ablation injected with a standard lactate-buffered 4.25% glucose-based PDF (Dianeal (R); n = 8) and STZ-induced diabetic rats with 5/6 kidney ablation injected with 7.5% icodextrin-based PDF (Extraneal (R); n = 8). Intraperitoneal injection was performed once daily with an instillation volume of 20 ml per injection during 8 weeks.
    Results. Chronic high-glucose-based PDF exposure resulted in increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) expression, accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and up-regulation of the receptor for AGE (RAGE), which were ameliorated in the icodextrin-based PDF group. The peritoneal damages, such as neoangiogenesis and submesothelial fibrosis, were significantly reduced in icodextrin-based PDF compared to high-glucose-based PDF.
    Conclusions. Long-term in vivo exposure to high glucose-based PDF promotes the fibrosing process of peritoneal membranes. Icodextrin-based PDF may be helpful in slowing the PDF-induced deterioration of peritoneal function and prolonging the use of peritoneal dialysis in patients with diabetes.

    DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfp479

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The Usefulness of Super-Selective Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) for Diagnosing and Localizing a Small Insulinoma Reviewed

    Akihiro Katayama, Izumi Iseda, Atsuhito Tone, Yuichi Matsushita, Kentaro Inoue, Keiko Tsukamoto, Haruhiro Yamashita, Ichiro Yamadori, Jun Wada, Kazuyuki Hida

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   49 ( 18 )   1983 - 1986   2010

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Localization of insulinomas by preoperative imaging is critical for successful surgical resection. However, the visualization and localization of small insulinomas by recent imaging modalities still remains a challenge. Here, we report a 77-year-old woman with a small insulinoma successfully localized by performing arterial stimulation and venous sampling (ASVS), and subsequent super-selective CTA (SSCTA). It was not visualized by routine non-invasive imaging tests such as digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The small size (1.0 cm) of the surgically removed tumor supports the usefulness of SSCTA for localizing very small insulinomas.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.49.3739

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Association between obesity and polymorphisms in SEC16B, TMEM18, GNPDA2, BDNF, FAIM2 and MC4R in a Japanese population Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Michihiro Nakamura, Takahiro Nakamura, Tomoaki Matsuo, Yoshio Nakata, Seika Kamohara, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Manabu Kawamoto, Takato Ueno, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Kazuwa Nakao, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Naoyuki Kamatani, Yusuke Nakamura

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   54 ( 12 )   727 - 731   2009.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    There is evidence that the obesity phenotype in the Caucasian populations is associated with variations in several genes, including neuronal growth regulator 1 (NEGR1), SEC16 homolog B (SCE16B), transmembrane protein 18 (TMEM18), ets variant 5 (ETV5), glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 2 (GNPDA2), prolactin (PRL), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), mitochondrial carrier homolog 2 (MTCH2), Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule 2 (FAIM2), SH2B adaptor protein 1 (SH2B1), v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog (MAF), Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1), melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) and potassium channel tetramerisation domain containing 15 (KCTD15). To investigate the relationship between obesity and these genes in the Japanese population, we genotyped 27 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 14 genes from obese subjects (n=1129, body mass index (BMI) &gt;= 30 kg m(-2)) and normal-weight control subjects (n=1736, BMI &lt;25 kg m(-2)). The SNP rs10913469 in SEC16B (P=0.000012) and four SNPs (rs2867125, rs6548238, rs4854344 and rs7561317) in the TMEM18 gene (P=0.00015), all of which were in almost absolute linkage disequilibrium, were significantly associated with obesity in the Japanese population. SNPs in GNPDA2, BDNF, FAIM2 and MC4R genes were marginally associated with obesity (P&lt;0.05). Our data suggest that some SNPs identified by genome-wide association studies in the Caucasians also confer susceptibility to obesity in Japanese subjects. Journal of Human Genetics (2009) 54, 727-731; doi: 10.1038/jhg.2009.106; published online 23 October 2009

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2009.106

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Endothelial barrier protection by FTY720 under hyperglycemic condition: involvement of focal adhesion kinase, small GTPases, and adherens junction proteins Reviewed

    Kei Sarai, Kenichi Shikata, Yasushi Shikata, Kazuyoshi Omori, Naomi Watanabe, Motofumi Sasaki, Shingo Nishishita, Jun Wada, Noriko Goda, Noriyuki Kataoka, Hirofumi Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY   297 ( 4 )   C945 - C954   2009.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    Sarai K, Shikata K, Shikata Y, Omori K, Watanabe N, Sasaki M, Nishishita S, Wada J, Goda N, Kataoka N, Makino H. Endothelial barrier protection by FTY720 under hyperglycemic condition: involvement of focal adhesion kinase, small GTPases, and adherens junction proteins. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 297: C945-C954, 2009. First published August 5, 2009; doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00606.2008.-Recently, sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) has been highlighted as an endothelial barrier-stabilizing mediator. FTY720 is a S1P analog originally developed as a novel immunosuppressant. The phosphorylated form of FTY720 binds to S1P receptors to exert S1P-like biological effects, suggesting endothelial barrier promotion by FTY720. To elucidate whether FTY720 induces signaling events related to endothelial barrier enhancement under hyperglycemic conditions, human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) preincubated with hyperglycemic (30 mM) medium were treated with 100 nM FTY720 for 3 h. Immunofluorescent microscopy and coprecipitation study revealed FTY720-induced focal adhesion kinase (FAK)-associated adherens junction (AJ) assembly at cell-cell contacts coincident with formation of a prominent cortical actin ring. FTY720 also induced transmonolayer electrical resistance (TER) augmentation in HMVEC monolayers in both normoglycemic and hyperglycemic conditions, implying endothelial barrier enhancement. Similar to S1P, site-specific FAK tyrosine phosphorylation analysis revealed FTY720-induced FAK [Y(576)] phosphorylation without phosphorylation of FAK [Y(397)/Y(925)]. Furthermore, FTY720 conditioned the phosphorylation profile of FAK [Y(397)/Y(576)/Y(925)] in hyperglycemic medium to the same pattern observed in normoglycemic medium. FTY720 challenge resulted in small GTPase Rac activation under hyperglycemic conditions, whereas increased Rho activity in hyperglycemic medium was restored to the basal level. Rac protein depletion by small interfering RNA (siRNA) technique completely abolished FTY720-induced FAK [Y(576)] phosphorylation. These findings strongly suggest the barrier protective effect of FTY720 on HMVEC monolayers in hyperglycemic medium via S1P signaling, further implying the possibility of FTY720 as a therapeutic agent of diabetic vascular disorder.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajpcell.00606.2008

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Historical chronology of basic and clinical research in diabetic nephropathy and contributions of Japanese scientists Reviewed

    Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   13 ( 5 )   405 - 414   2009.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    The most problematic issue in clinical nephrology worldwide is the relentless and progressive increase in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Diabetic nephropathy has considerable impact on society in the areas of public health and social economy; many scientists are involved in research for the elucidation of the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy and for the prevention and cure of the disease. In contrast, diabetic nephropathy was a neglected or ignored disease in the historical era, and few dedicated physicians recognized the disease process of diabetic nephropathy. In this review, we look back on the history of basic and clinical research on diabetic nephropathy and survey the recent progress of the research, especially focusing on the contribution of Japanese scientists.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10157-009-0175-5

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Enhanced interaction between focal adhesion and adherens junction proteins: Involvement in sphingosine 1-phosphate-induced endothelial barrier enhancement Reviewed

    Xiaoguang Sun, Yasushi Shikata, Lichun Wang, Kazuyoshi Ohmori, Naoko Watanabe, Jun Wada, Kenichi Shikata, Konstantin G. Birukov, Hirofumi Makino, Jeffrey R. Jacobson, Steven M. Dudek, Joe G. N. Garcia

    MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH   77 ( 3 )   304 - 313   2009.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is an important vascular barrier regulatory agonist which enhances the junctional integrity of human lung endothelial cell monolayers. We have now demonstrated that S1P induced cortical actin ring formation and redistribution of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin to the cell periphery suggesting the critical role of cell-cell adhesion in endothelial barrier enhancement. Co-immunoprecipitation studies revealed increased association of VE-cadherin with FAK and paxillin in S1P-challenged human pulmonary artery endothelial cell (HPAEC) monolayers. Furthermore, SIP-induced enhancement of VE-cadherin interaction with alpha-catenin and beta-catenin was associated with the increased formation of FAK-beta-catenin protein complexes. Depletion of beta-catenin (siRNA) resulted in loss of S1P-mediated VE-cadherin association with FAK and paxillin rearrangement. Furthermore, transendothelial electrical resistance (an index of barrier function) demonstrated that beta-catenin siRNA significantly attenuated S1P-induced barrier enhancement. These results demonstrate a mechanism of S1P-induced endothelial barrier enhancement via beta-catenin-linked adherens junction and focal adhesion interaction. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.mvr.2008.12.004

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Screening of 336 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in 85 obesity-related genes revealed McKusick-Kaufman syndrome gene variants are associated with metabolic syndrome Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Takahiro Nakamura, Junichi Takasaki, Hiroshi Takahashi, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoshio Nakata, Seika Kamohara, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Kazuwa Nakao, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Naoyuki Kamatani, Yusuke Nakamura

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   54 ( 4 )   230 - 235   2009.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Genetic factors are important in the development of metabolic syndrome. However, the genetic background of metabolic syndrome remains unclear. We screened polymorphisms in 85 obesity-related genes to determine which may be associated with metabolic syndrome. A total of 336 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 85 genes selected from the JSNP database were genotyped. We conducted case-control association analyses using patients with metabolic syndrome (n=1080) and control individuals (n=528) who had no risk of the metabolic syndrome. Three SNPs in the McKusick-Kaufman syndrome (MKKS) gene were significantly related to metabolic syndrome by case-control association study; rs1545 (odds ratio (OR) adjusted for age and gender, 1.45; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-1.74; P = 0.000043 (additive model)); rs1547 (OR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.21-1.74; P=0.000041); and rs2294901 (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.22-1.75; P=0.000033). We selected five tag SNPs (rs2294901, rs221667, rs6133922, rs6077785 and rs6108572) in the MKKS gene. They were in one linkage disequilibrium (LD) block and rs6133922 (P=0.00042), rs6077785 (P=0.000013) and rs6108572 (P=0.000019) as well as rs2294901 were significantly associated with metabolic syndrome. TGAAA haplotype was protective against the metabolic syndrome (P=0.0074), and CCGTT haplotype was susceptible (P=0.00070) to the metabolic syndrome. Our data suggest that genetic variations at MKKS gene influence the risk of metabolic syndrome. Journal of Human Genetics (2009) 54, 230-235; doi: 10.1038/jhg.2009.16; published online 27 February 2009

    DOI: 10.1038/jhg.2009.16

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Rap1b GTPase Ameliorates Glucose-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction Reviewed

    Lin Sun, Ping Xie, Jun Wada, Naoki Kashihara, Fu-you Liu, Yanan Zhao, Deepak Kumar, Sumant S. Chugh, Farhad R. Danesh, Yashpal S. Kanwar

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   19 ( 12 )   2293 - 2301   2008.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER SOC NEPHROLOGY  

    The role of tubular injury in diabetic nephropathy is relatively unknown, despite that apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells is commonly observed in human renal biopsies. The GTPase Ras-proximate-1 (Rap1b) is upregulated in the hyperglycemic state and is known to increase B-Raf, an antiapoptotic effector protein. In this study, the effects of high glucose on renal tubular apoptosis and the potential ability for Rap1b to ameliorate these effects were investigated. In the kidneys of diabetic mice, apoptotic tubular cells and dysmorphic mitochondria were observed, Bcl-2 expression was decreased, and Bax expression was increased. Total Rap1b expression was slightly increased, but its associated GTPase activity was significantly decreased. In vitro, high extracellular glucose led to decreased Bcl-2 expression, reduced Rap1b GTPase activity, and increased levels of both Bax and GTPase activating protein in a proximal tubular cell line (HK-2). These changes were accompanied by increased DNA fragmentation, decreased high molecular weight mitochondrial DNA, altered mitochondrial morphology and function, disrupted Bcl-2-Bax and Bcl-2-Rap1b interactions, and reduced cell survival. Overexpression of Rap1b partially prevents these abnormalities. Furthermore, the BH4 domain of Bcl-2 was found to be required for successful protein-protein interaction between Bcl-2 and Rap1b. In summary, these data suggest that Rap1b ameliorates glucose-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in renal tubular cells.

    DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2008030336

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Bilateral dystonia in type 1 diabetes: A case report Reviewed

    Akihiro Yasuhara, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    Journal of Medical Case Reports   2   352   2008.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Introduction: Diabetic hemichorea-hemiballismus is a rare complication of type 2 diabetes. Here, we report a case with type 1 diabetes, with hemichorea and bilateral dystonia manifested as hyperglycemia-induced involuntary movement. Case presentation: A 62-year-old Japanese women with body weight loss of 30 kg during the past year developed symptoms of thirst, polydipsia and polyuria. She also presented with hemichorea and bilateral dystonia for 5 days and extremely high plasma glucose (774 mg/dl), hemoglobin A1c (21.2%) and glycated albumin (100%) with ketosis. Based on the presence of glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (18,000 U/ml
    normal &lt
    1.3 U/ ml), low daily urinary excretion of C-peptide (7.8 μg), ketosis and human leucocyte antigen typing DR-4, we diagnosed type 1 diabetes mellitus. We treated the patient with a continuous intravenous regular insulin infusion and medication with haloperidol, and dystonia completely disappeared within 3 days. Conclusion: Hyperglycemia-induced involuntary movement is one of the manifestations of dystonia and hemichorea-hemiballism. © 2008 Yasuhara et al
    licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-2-352

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Collectrin Is Involved in the Development of Salt-Sensitive Hypertension by Facilitating the Membrane Trafficking of Apical Membrane Proteins via Interaction With Soluble N-Ethylmaleiamide-Sensitive Factor Attachment Protein Receptor Complex Reviewed

    Akihiro Yasuhara, Jun Wada, Sandra M. Malakauskas, Yanling Zhang, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kazutoshi Murakami, Motoko Kanzaki, Sanae Teshigawara, Kazuya Yamagata, Thu H. Le, Hirofumi Makino

    CIRCULATION   118 ( 21 )   2146 - 2155   2008.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Background-Collectrin, a homologue of angiotensin converting enzyme 2, is expressed in pancreatic beta cells and renal proximal tubular and collecting duct cells under the control of hepatocyte nuclear factors-1 alpha and-1 beta. Because collectrin interacts with the soluble N-ethylmaleiamide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complexes, we investigated whether collectrin is involved in sodium handling in hypertension by vesicle trafficking of apical membrane proteins.
    Methods and Results-Collectrin physically interacts with the SNARE complex: snapin, synaptosomal-associated protein 23 kDa, syntaxin-4, and vesicle-associated membrane protein-2 in mIMCD-3 cells. siRNA knockdown of collectrin resulted in a reduction in membrane-associated aquaporin-2, alpha-epithelial Na(+) channel, and H(+)-ATPase. Collectrin and SNARE proteins were abundantly expressed in collecting ducts of Wistar-Kyoto rats. Wistar-Kyoto rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats 7 weeks of age were subjected to normal-salt (1% NaCl) and high-salt (8% NaCl) chow for 10 weeks. High-salt chow prominently elevated blood pressure, oral intake, and urinary excretion of NaCl and water in both groups. Although urinary excretion of aldosterone was significantly suppressed in both groups, collectrin expression was upregulated and associated with the maintenance of aquaporin-2, alpha-epithelial Na(+) channel, and H(+)-ATPase in membrane fractions. Collectrin promoter activities and mRNA and protein expressions were upregulated and ubiquitinated collectrin was reduced by high NaCl (175 to 225 mmol/L) and not altered by 1 mu mol/L aldosterone in mIMCD-3 cells.
    Conclusions-Upregulation of collectrin by high NaCl independent of aldosterone functionally links to the trafficking of apical membrane proteins via the SNARE complex, and collectrin may be responsible for the sodium retention in salt-sensitive hypertension. (Circulation. 2008; 118: 2146-2155.)

    DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.787259

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • INSIG2 gene rs7566605 polymorphism is associated with severe obesity in Japanese Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Michihiro Nakamura, Yoshio Nakata, Tomoaki Matsuo, Seika Kamohara, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Manabu Kawamoto, Tohru Funahashi, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Kazuwa Nakao, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kiyoji Tanaka, Naoyuki Kamatani, Yusuke Nakamura

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   53 ( 9 )   857 - 862   2008.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs7566605 in the upstream region of the insulin-induced gene 2 (INSIG2) is associated with the obesity phenotype in many Caucasian populations. In Japanese, this association with the obesity phenotype is not clear. To investigate the relationship between rs7566605 and obesity in Japanese, we genotyped rs7566605 from severely obese subjects [n = 908, body mass index (BMI) &gt;= 30 kg/m(2)] and normal-weight control subjects (n = 1495, BMI &lt; 25 kg/m(2)). A case-control association analysis revealed that rs7566605 was significantly associated with obesity in Japanese. The P value in the minor allele recessive mode was 0.00020, and the odds ratio (OR) adjusted for gender and age was 1.61 [95% confidential interval (CI) = 1.24-2.09]. Obesity-associated phenotypes, which included the level of BMI, plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and blood pressure, were not associated with the rs7566605 genotype. Thus, rs7566605 in the upstream region of the INSIG2 gene was found to be associated with obesity, i.e., severe obesity, in Japanese.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10038-008-0317-8

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Variations in the FTO gene are associated with severe obesity in the Japanese Reviewed

    Kikuko Hotta, Yoshio Nakata, Tomoaki Matsuo, Seika Kamohara, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Manabu Kawamoto, Tohru Funahashi, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Kazuwa Nakao, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kiyoji Tanaka, Naoyuki Kamatani, Yusuke Nakamura

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS   53 ( 6 )   546 - 553   2008.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    Variations in the fat-mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) are associated with the obesity phenotype in many Caucasian populations. This association with the obesity phenotype is not clear in the Japanese. To investigate the relationship between the FTO gene and obesity in the Japanese, we genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FTO genes from severely obese subjects [n = 927, body mass index (BMI) &gt;= 30 kg/m(2)] and normal-weight control subjects (n = 1,527, BMI &lt; 25 kg/m(2)). A case-control association analysis revealed that 15 SNPs, including rs9939609 and rs1121980, in a linkage disequilibrium (LD) block of approximately 50 kb demonstrated significant associations with obesity; rs1558902 was most significantly associated with obesity. P value in additive mode was 0.0000041, and odds ratio (OR) adjusted for age and gender was 1.41 [95% confidential interval (CI) = 1.22-1.62]. Obesity-associated phenotypes, which include the level of plasma glucose, hemoglobin A1c, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and blood pressure were not associated with the rs1558902 genotype. Thus, the SNPs in the FTO gene were found to be associated with obesity, i.e., severe obesity, in the Japanese.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10038-008-0283-1

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Glycated albumin levels predict long-term survival in diabetic patients undergoing haemodialysis Reviewed

    Kousuke Fukuoka, Kazushi Nakao, Hisanori Morimoto, Ai Nakao, Yuji Takatori, Katsuhiko Arimoto, Masafumi Taki, Jun Wada, Hirofumi Makino

    NEPHROLOGY   13 ( 4 )   278 - 283   2008.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING  

    Aim: Glycated albumin (GA) is recognized as a reliable marker for monitoring glycemic control particularly in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Here, we investigated the impact of GA levels on long-term survival in diabetic patients with ESRD.
    Methods: We enrolled ESRD patients with diabetic nephropathy into our single-centre prospective follow-up study (n = 98, 66 men and 32 women; age 68.2 +/- 12.3 years) with a mean follow-up period of 47.7 months. All patients had started haemodialysis between December 1992 and November 2003. They were categorized into two groups according to their GA levels at the initiation of haemodialysis; GA &lt; 29% (low-GA group; n = 54) and GA &gt;= 29% (high-GA group; n = 44).
    Results: Between low-GA and high-GA groups, there were no significant differences in various clinical parameters except GA and HbA1c levels. The cumulative survival rate of low-GA group was significantly higher than that of high-GA group (P = 0.034, log-rank test). After adjustment for age, sex, total cholesterol, C-reactive protein and albumin, high-GA was a significant predictor of survival (hazard ratio 1.042 per 1.0% increment of GA, 95% Cl 1.014-1.070, P &lt; 0.05), but not in the case with HbA1c. Cox proportional hazard model demonstrated that high-GA group was a significant predictor for cardiovascular death (hazard ratio 2.971 (1.064-8.298), P = 0.038).
    Conclusion: We conclude that poor glycemic control (GA &gt;= 29%) before starting haemodialysis is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and shortened survival in diabetic patients with ESRD.

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2007.00864.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Procollagen C-proteinase enhancer-1 (POPE-1) interacts with beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m) and may help initiate beta 2-m amyloid fibril formation in connective tissues Reviewed

    Hisanori Morimoto, Jun Wada, Bernard Font, Joni D. Mott, David J. S. Hulmes, Tadakazu Ookoshi, Hironobu Naiki, Akihiro Yasuhara, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Kousuke Fukuoka, Yuji Takatori, Haruo Ichikawa, Shigeru Akagi, Kazushi Nakao, Hirofumi Makino

    MATRIX BIOLOGY   27 ( 3 )   211 - 219   2008.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Dialysis related amyloidosis (DRA) is a progressive and serious complication in patients under long-term hemodialysis and mainly leads to osteo-articular diseases. Although beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-m) is the major structural component of beta 2-m amyloid fibrils, the initiation of amyloid formation is not clearly understood. Here, we have identified procollagen C-proteinase enhance-1 (POPE-1) as a new interacting protein with beta 2-m by screening a human synovium cDNA library. The interaction of beta 2-m with full-length POPE-1 was confirmed by immunoprecipitation, solid-phase binding and pull-down assays. By yeast two-hybrid analysis and pull-down assay, beta 2-m appeared to interact with POPE-1 via the NTR (netrin-like) domain and not via the CUB (C1r/C1s, Uegf and BMP-1) domain region. In synovial tissues derived from hemodialysis patients with DRA, beta 2-m co-localized and formed a complex with POPE-1. beta 2-m did not alter the basal activity of bone morphogenetic protein-1/procollagen C-proteinase (BMP-1/PCP) nor BMP-1/PCP activity enhanced by PCPE-1. PCPE-1 did not stimulate beta 2-m amyloid fibril formation from monomeric beta 2-m in vitro under acidic and neutral conditions as revealed by thioflavin T fluorescence spectroscopy and electron microscopy. Since PCPE-1 is abundantly expressed in connective tissues rich in type I collagen, it may be involved in the initial accumulation of beta 2-m in selected tissues such as tendon, synovium and bone. Furthermore, since such preferential deposition of beta 2-m may be linked to subsequent beta 2-m amyloid fibril formation, the disruption of the interaction between beta 2-m and POPE-1 may prevent beta 2-m amyloid fibril formation and therefore POPE-1 could be a new target for the treatment of DRA. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V./International Society of Matrix Biology. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.matbio.2007.11.005

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Vaspin: a novel serpin with insulin-sensitizing effects Reviewed

    Jun Wada

    EXPERT OPINION ON INVESTIGATIONAL DRUGS   17 ( 3 )   327 - 333   2008.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:INFORMA HEALTHCARE  

    Background: A variety of substances, including free fatty acids, leptin, tumor necrosis factor-a, acylation-stimulating protein, adiponectin, and resistin, are secreted by adipocytes. They modulate insulin sensitivity and are new therapeutic targets in metabolic syndrome. Objective: To identify novel adipokines derived from visceral adipose tissues. Method: We used the PCR-based cDNA subtraction method to screen the genes predominantly expressed in visceral white adipose tissues (WATs) in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats, an animal model of abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes. Results/conclusions: We identified the vaspin gene (Serpina12) which is upregulated in visceral WATs of OLETF rats. Vaspin mRNA was barely detectable at 6 weeks of age and it was abundantly and exclusively expressed in visceral WATs at 30 weeks of age, when OLETF rats reach their peak body weight. However, vaspin mRNA decreased with worsening of diabetes and body weight loss. Vaspin mRNA increased with treatment of thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone). Administration of recombinant vaspin into high-fat high-sucrose chow-induced obese ICR mice improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Vaspin may be the compensatory molecule in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and vaspin recombinant protein or vaspin-mimicking agents such as vaspin analogs, antibodies or small molecule agents may be the link to drug discovery and development.

    DOI: 10.1517/13543784.17.3.327

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Mechanisms of renal disease progression Reviewed

    Yashpal S. Kanwar, Jun Wada, Lin Sun, Ping Xie, Elisabeth I. Wallner, Sheldon Chen, Sumant Chugh, Farhad R. Danesh

    EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE   233 ( 1 )   4 - 11   2008.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD  

    Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by excessive amassing of extracellular matrix (ECM) with thickening of glomerular and tubular basement membranes and increased amount of mesangial matrix, which ultimately progress to glomerulosclerosis and tubulo-interstitial fibrosis. In view of this outcome, it would mean that all the kidney cellular elements, i.e., glomerular endothelia, mesangial cells, podocytes, and tubular epithelia, are targets of hyperglycemic injury. Conceivably, high glucose activates various pathways via similar mechanisms in different cell types of the kidney except for minor exceptions that are related to the selective expression of a given molecule in a particular renal compartment. To begin with, there is an obligatory excessive channeling of glucose intermediaries into various metabolic pathways with generation of advanced glycation products (AGEs), activation of protein kinase C (PKC), increased expression of transforming growth factor-p (TGF-beta), GTP-binding proteins, and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The ROS seem to be the common denominator in various pathways and are central to the pathogenesis of hyperglycemic injury. In addition, there are marked alterations in intraglomerular hemodynamics, i.e., hyperfiltration, and this along with metabolic derangements adversely compounds the hyperglycemia-induced injury. Here, the information compiled under various subtitles of this article is derived from an enormous amount of data summarized in several excellent literature reviews, and thus their further reading is suggested to gain in-depth knowledge of each of the subject matter.

    DOI: 10.3181/0705-MR-134

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in MTMR9 gene with obesity Reviewed

    Takahiro Yanagiya, Atsushi Tanabe, Aritoshi Iida, Susumu Saito, Akihiro Sekine, Atsushi Takahashi, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Seika Kamohara, Yoshio Nakata, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Hiroaki Masuzaki, Masato Yoneda, Atsushi Nakajima, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Manabu Kawamoto, Tohru Funahashi, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Kazuwa Nakao, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Naoyuki Kamatani, Yusuke Nakamura, Kikuko Hotta

    HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS   16 ( 24 )   3017 - 3026   2007.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    Genetic factors are clearly involved in the development of obesity, but the genetic background of obesity remains largely unclear. Starting from 62 663 gene-based single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in three sequential case-control association studies, we identified a replicated association between the obesity phenotype (BMI &gt;= 30 kg/m(2)) and a SNP (rs2293855) located in the myotublarin-related protein 9 (MTMR9) gene in the chromosomal segment 8p23-p22. P-values (minor allele dominant model) of the first set (93 cases versus 649 controls) and the second set (564 cases versus 562 controls) were 0.008 and 0.0002, respectively. The association was replicated in the third set [394 cases versus 958 controls, P=0.005, odds ratio (95% CI) =1.40 (1.11-1.78)]. The global P= value was 0.0000005. A multiple regression analysis revealed that gender, age BMI and rs2293855 genotype (minor allele dominant model) were significantly associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressures. MTMR9 was shown to be the only gene within the haplotype block that contained SNPs associated with obesity. Both the transcript and protein of MTMR9 were detected in the rodent lateral hypothalamic area as well as in the arcuate nucleus, and the protein co-existed with orexin, melanin concentrating hormone, neuropeptide Y and proopiomelanocortin. The levels of MTMR9 transcript in the murine hypothalamic region increased after fasting and were decreased by a high-fat diet. Our data suggested that genetic variations in MTMR9 may confer a predisposition towards obesity and hypertension through regulation of hypothalamic neuropeptides.

    DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddm260

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Collectrin, a homologue of ACE2, its transcriptional control and functional perspectives Reviewed

    Yanling Zhang, Jun Wada

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   363 ( 1 )   1 - 5   2007.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Collectrin is a type I membrane protein and shares significant homology with C-terminal domain of angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2). However, collectrin lacks catalytic domain and it suggests the presence of uncharacterized physiological functions of collectrin. Collectrin is transcriptionally regulated by hepatocyte nuclear factor-alpha and -beta and is highly expressed on renal proximal tubules and collecting ducts as well as pancreatic beta-cells. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated interesting physiological roles of collectrin related to insulin secretion, formation of primary cilia, renal cyst formation and amino acid transport. The common underlying molecular mechanism may be suggested by the evidence that collectrin binds to SNARE complex by interacting with snapin. Collectrin is involved in the process of vesicle transport and membrane fusion and thus it delivers insulin for exocytosis or various membrane proteins to apical plasmalemma and primary cilia. Collectrin may be the new therapeutic target for various pathological processes such as diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, hypertension and aminoaciduria. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.08.136

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Edaravone mimics sphingosine-1-phosphate-induced endothelial barrier enhancement in human microvascular endothelial cells Reviewed

    Kazuyoshi Omori, Yasushi Shikata, Kei Sarai, Naomi Watanabe, Jun Wada, Noriko Goda, Noriyuki Kataoka, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY   293 ( 5 )   C1523 - C1531   2007.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    Edaravone is a potent scavenger of hydroxyl radicals and is quite successful in patients with acute cerebral ischemia, and several organ-protective effects have been reported. Treatment of human microvascular endothelial cells with edaravone (1.5 mu M) resulted in the enhancement of transmonolayer electrical resistance coincident with cortical actin enhancement and redistribution of focal adhesion proteins and adherens junction proteins to the cell periphery. Edaravone also induced small GTPase Rac activation and focal adhesion kinase (FAK; Tyr(576)) phosphorylation associated with sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor type 1 (S1P(1)) transactivation. S1P(1) protein depletion by the short interfering RNA technique completely abolished edaravone-induced FAK ( Tyr576) phosphorylation and Rac activation. This is the first report of edaravone-induced endothelial barrier enhancement coincident with focal adhesion remodeling and cytoskeletal rearrangement associated with Rac activation via S1P(1) transactivation. Considering the well-established endothelial barrier-protective effect of S1P, endothelial barrier enhancement as a consequence of S1P(1) transactivation may at least partly be the potent mechanisms for the organ-protective effect of edaravone and is suggestive of edaravone as a therapeutic agent against systemic vascular barrier disorder.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajpcell.00524.2006

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Linkage between oxygen uptake at ventilatory threshold and muscle strength in subjects with and without metabolic syndrome Reviewed

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Takeshi Saito, Jun Wada, Hidetaka Nishikawa, Sumiko Matsumoto, Motohiko Miyachi, Masafumi Fujii, Hirofumi Makino, Takeyuki Numata

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   61 ( 5 )   255 - 259   2007.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    We evaluated the linkage between oxygen uptake at the ventilatory threshold (VT) and muscle strength in subjects with and without metabolic syndrome. We used data of 226 Japanese men with metabolic syndrome and 265 Japanese men without the syndrome. Metabolic syndrome has recently been defined by a new criterion in Japan. Oxygen uptake at VT and muscle strength, i.e. grip strength and leg strength were measured. Oxygen uptake at VT and muscle strength/body weight were found to be significantly lower in subjects with metabolic syndrome than in those without the syndrome. However, the differences did not reach significant levels after adjusting for leg strength/body weight or oxygen uptake at VT. A combination of aerobic exercise and resistance training might be considered for preventing and improving metabolic syndrome.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/32895

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Comparison of ventilatory threshold and exercise habits between Japanese men with and without metabolic syndrome Reviewed

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Takeshi Saito, Jun Wada, Motohiko Miyachi, Izumi Tabata, Sumiko Matsumoto, Hidetaka Nishikawa, Hirofumi Makino, Takeyuki Numata

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   77 ( 2 )   314 - 319   2007.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Objective: We compared the levels of ventilatory threshold (VT) and exercise habits in subjects with metabolic syndrome with those in age, sex-matched subjects without metabolic syndrome.
    Methods: We used data of 155 Japanese men (47.1 +/- 9.2 years) with metabolic syndrome; the diagnosis was given by the definition and the diagnostic standard for metabolic syndrome in Japan. The influence of metabolic syndrome on oxygen uptake, work rate and heart rate at VT, and exercise habits were evaluated.
    Results: Oxygen uptake and work rate at VT in subjects with metabolic syndrome were significantly lower than those in subjects without metabolic syndrome even after adjusting for body mass index (BMI). The number of subjects with exercise habits was significantly lower in metabolic syndrome. The subjects with exercise habits were significantly older than that in subjects without exercise habits. Furthermore, oxygen uptake and work rate at VT were significantly higher in subjects with exercise habits than those in subjects without exercise habits.
    Conclusion: Lower level of VT was characteristic in subjects with metabolic syndrome. Promotion of exercise habits is necessary for preventing and improving metabolic syndrome in Japanese men. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2006.11.008

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Re-evaluation of waist circumference in metabolic syndrome: A comparison between Japanese men and women Reviewed

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Wada, Sumiko Matsumoto, Hidetaka Nishikawa, Hirofumi Makino, Takeyuki Numata

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   61 ( 3 )   167 - 169   2007.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    We re-evaluated the criteria for waist circumference to predict the accumulation of the components of metabolic syndrome. We used data for 3,185 Japanese, aged 20-79 years. Metabolic syndrome has recently been redefined by a new criterion in Japan, in which waist circumference cutoff points, i.e. 85 cm for men and 90 cm for women, are employed. Among the 3,185 Japanese considered in the present study, 335 men (26.8%) and 69 women (3.6%) were diagnosed as having metabolic syndrome. A cutoff point as a predictor for 2 or more components of metabolic syndrome was evaluated by sensitivity/specificity and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The optimal point was estimated as being approximately 85 cm of waist circumference in men and 75 cm in women. We therefore recommend a cutoff value, 75 cm of waist circumference, for the criterion of metabolic syndrome in women.

    DOI: 10.18926/AMO/32900

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Urinary PGDS levels are associated with vascular injury in type 2 diabetes patients Reviewed

    Ritsuko Yoshikawa, Jun Wada, Kousuke Seiki, Takashi Matsuoka, Satoshi Miyamoto, Kenji Takahashi, Sachiko Ota, Kazuhi Taniai, Kazuyuki Hida, Minoru Yamakado, Kenichi Shikata, Yoshio Uehara, Yoshihiro Urade, Hirofumi Makino

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   76 ( 3 )   358 - 367   2007.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Background: The presence of metabolic syndrome has been shown to be predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. In a cross-sectional clinical study, we investigated the association of metabolic syndrome with asymptomatic lacunar strokes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and we compared its significance with urinary protein markers.
    Methods: We studied Japanese type 2 diabetes patients (n = 233, men = 124, women = 109). The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was made according to WHO and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Cardiovascular events were recorded and asymptomatic lacunar lesions were evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We also measured urinary levels of albumin, type IV collagen, beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2MG), N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (PGDS).
    Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is 31.3% (IDF) and 52% (WHO) in 233 patients and microalbuminuria was present in 62 subjects (26.6%). Metabolic syndrome (WHO) significantly associated with asymptomatic lacunar lesions (p = 0.035, OR = 2.854, CI 1.075-7.579), while metabolic syndrome (IDF) or urinary markers failed to associate with presence of asymptomatic lacunar lesions. The presence of metabolic syndrome or microalbuminuria did not show significant association with CVD; however, the elevation of beta 2MG, NAG and PGDS showed significant association with CVD. By a logistic regression analysis using urinary proteins as independent variables, the presence of higher PGDS excretion independently associated with history of CVD (p = 0.025, OR= 3.847, CI 1.180-12.545).
    Conclusions: In type 2 diabetes patients, the elevation of urinary PGDS secretion closely associated with cardiovascular events and may be a supplemental or additional marker to the criteria of metabolic syndrome. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2006.09.004

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The Role for HNF-1 beta-Targeted Collectrin in Maintenance of Primary Cilia and Cell Polarity in Collecting Duct Cells Reviewed

    Yanling Zhang, Jun Wada, Akihiro Yasuhara, Izumi Iseda, Jun Eguchi, Kenji Fukui, Qin Yang, Kazuya Yamagata, Thomas Hiesberger, Peter Igarashi, Hong Zhang, Haiyan Wang, Shigeru Akagi, Yashpal S. Kanwar, Hirofumi Makino

    PLOS ONE   2 ( 5 )   2007.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Collectrin, a homologue of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), is a type I transmembrane protein, and we originally reported its localization to the cytoplasm and apical membrane of collecting duct cells. Recently, two independent studies of targeted disruption of collectrin in mice resulted in severe and general defects in renal amino acid uptake. Collectrin has been reported to be under the transcriptional regulation by HNF-1 alpha, which is exclusively expressed in proximal tubules and localized at the luminal side of brush border membranes. The deficiency of collectrin was associated with reduction of multiple amino acid transporters on luminal membranes. In the current study, we describe that collectrin is a target of HNF-1 beta and heavily expressed in the primary cilium of renal collecting duct cells. Collectrin is also localized in the vesicles near the peri-basal body region and binds to gamma-actin-myosin II-A, SNARE, and polycystin-2-polaris complexes, and all of these are involved in intracellular and ciliary movement of vesicles and membrane proteins. Treatment of mIMCD3 cells with collectrin siRNA resulted in defective cilium formation, increased cell proliferation and apoptosis, and disappearance of polycystin-2 in the primary cilium. Suppression of collectrin mRNA in metanephric culture resulted in the formation of multiple longitudinal cysts in ureteric bud branches. Taken together, the cystic change and formation of defective cilium with the interference in the collectrin functions would suggest that it is necessary for recycling of the primary cilia-specific membrane proteins, the maintenance of the primary cilia and cell polarity of collecting duct cells. The transcriptional hierarchy between HNF-1 beta and PKD (polycystic kidney disease) genes expressed in the primary cilia of collecting duct cells has been suggested, and collectrin is one of such HNF-1 beta regulated genes.

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000414

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Comparison of muscle strength between Japanese men with and without metabolic syndrome Reviewed

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Wada, Takeshi Saito, Hidetaka Nishikawa, Sumiko Matsumoto, Motohiko Miyachi, Hirofumi Makino, Takeyuki Numata

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   61 ( 2 )   99 - 102   2007.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    We compared muscle strength between Japanese men with and without metabolic syndrome. We used data for 323 Japanese men with metabolic syndrome and 893 Japanese men without the syndrome. Metabolic syndrome was defined by a new criterion in Japan, and the parameters for muscle strength, i.e. grip strength, leg strength were measured. Leg strength was found to be significantly higher in subjects with metabolic syndrome than in those without, while muscle strength per body weight was significantly lower in subjects with the syndrome. Lower muscle strength per body weight may be one of the characteristic features in subjects with metabolic syndrome.

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Thiazolidinedione ameliorates renal injury in experimental diabetic rats through anti-inflammatory effects mediated by inhibition of NF-kappa B activation Reviewed

    Sakiko Ohga, Kenichi Shikata, Kosuke Yozai, Shinichi Okada, Daisuke Ogawa, Hitomi Usui, Jun Wada, Yasushi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY   292 ( 4 )   F1141 - F1150   2007.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    Thiazolidinedione (TZD), a ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma), exerts anti-inflammatory effects independently of the insulin-sensitizing effect. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that TZD prevents the progression of diabetic nephropathy by modulating the inflammatory process. Five-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: 1) nondiabetic control rats (non-DM), 2) diabetic rats (DM), and 3) diabetic rats treated with pioglitazone (DM + pio). Diabetes was induced by injection with streptozotocin (STZ). The DM + pio group received 0.0002% pioglitazone mixed in chow for 8 wk after induction of diabetes. Blood glucose and HbA1c were elevated in diabetic rats but did not change by treatment with pioglitazone. Pioglitazone reduced urinary albumin excretion and glomerular hypertrophy, suppressed the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, type IV collagen, and ICAM-1, and infiltration of macrophages in the kidneys of diabetic rats. Furthermore, renal NF-kappa B activity was increased in diabetic rats and reduced by pioglitazone. PPAR-gamma was expressed in glomerular endothelial cells in the diabetic kidney and in cultured glomerular endothelial cells. High-glucose conditions increased the expression of ICAM-1 and the activation of NF-kappa B in cultured glomerular endothelial cells. These changes were reduced by pioglitazone, ciglitazone, and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, an inhibitor of NF-kappa B. However, pioglitazone did not show the changes in the presence of PPAR-kappa B antagonist GW9662. Our results suggest that the preventive effects of pioglitazone may be mediated by its anti-inflammatory actions, including inhibition of NF-kappa B activation, ICAM-1 expression, and macrophage infiltration in the diabetic kidney.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00288.2005

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Thiazolidinedione ameliorates renal injury in experimental diabetic rats through anti-inflammatory effects mediated by inhibition of NF-κB activation Reviewed

    Sakiko Ohga, Kenichi Shikata, Kosuke Yozai, Shinichi Okada, Daisuke Ogawa, Hitomi Usui, Jun Wada, Yasushi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology   292 ( 4 )   F1141 - F1150   2007.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Thiazolidinedione (TZD), a ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), exerts anti-inflammatory effects independently of the insulin-sensitizing effect. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that TZD prevents the progression of diabetic nephropathy by modulating the inflammatory process. Five-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: 1) nondiabetic control rats (non-DM), 2) diabetic rats (DM), and 3) diabetic rats treated with pioglitazone (DM+pio). Diabetes was induced by injection with streptozotocin (STZ). The DM+pio group received 0.0002% pioglitazone mixed in chow for 8 wk after induction of diabetes. Blood glucose and HbA1c were elevated in diabetic rats but did not change by treatment with pioglitazone. Pioglitazone reduced urinary albumin excretion and glomerular hypertrophy, suppressed the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, type IV collagen, and ICAM-1, and infiltration of macrophages in the kidneys of diabetic rats. Furthermore, renal NF-κB activity was increased in diabetic rats and reduced by pioglitazone. PPAR-γ was expressed in glomerular endothelial cells in the diabetic kidney and in cultured glomerular endothelial cells. Highglucose conditions increased the expression of ICAM-1 and the activation of NF-κB in cultured glomerular endothelial cells. These changes were reduced by pioglitazone, ciglitazone, and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, an inhibitor of NF-κB. However, pioglitazone did not show the changes in the presence of PPAR-γ antagonist GW9662. Our results suggest that the preventive effects of pioglitazone may be mediated by its anti-inflammatory actions, including inhibition of NF-κB activation, ICAM-1 expression, and macrophage infiltration in the diabetic kidney. Copyright © 2007 the American Physiological Society.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00288.2005

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the secretogranin III (SCG3) gene that form secretory granules with appetite-related neuropeptides are associated with obesity Reviewed

    Atsushi Tanabe, Takahiro Yanagiya, Aritoshi Iida, Susumu Saito, Akihiro Sekine, Atsushi Takahashi, Takahiro Nakamura, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Seika Kamohara, Yoshio Nakata, Kazuaki Kotani, Ryoya Komatsu, Naoto Itoh, Ikuo Mineo, Jun Wada, Tohru Funahashi, Shigeru Miyazaki, Katsuto Tokunaga, Kazuyuki Hamaguchi, Tatsuo Shimada, Kiyoji Tanaka, Kentaro Yamada, Toshiaki Hanafusa, Shinichi Oikawa, Hironobu Yoshimatsu, Toshiie Sakata, Yuji Matsuzawa, Naoyuki Kamatani, Yusuke Nakamura, Kikuko Hotta

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM   92 ( 3 )   1145 - 1154   2007.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    Context: Genetic factors are important for the development of obesity. However, the genetic background of obesity still remains unclear.
    Objective: Our objective was to search for obesity-related genes using a large number of gene-based single-nucleotide polymorphisms ( SNPs).
    Design and Setting: We conducted case-control association analyses using 94 obese patients and 658 controls with 62,663 SNPs selected from the SNP database. SNPs that possessed P &lt;= 0.02 were further analyzed using 796 obese and 711 control subjects. One SNP (rs3764220) in the secretogranin III (SCG3) gene showed the lowest P value (P = 0.0000019). We sequenced an approximately 300-kb genomic region around rs3764220 and discovered SNPs for haplotype analyses. SCG3 was the only gene within a haplotype block that contained rs3764220. The functions of SCG3 were studied.
    Patients: Obese subjects ( body mass index &gt;= 30 kg/m(2), n = 890) and control subjects ( general population; n = 658, body mass index &lt;= 25kg/m(2); n = 711) were recruited for this study.
    Results: Twelve SNPs in the SCG3 gene including rs3764220 were in almost complete linkage disequilibrium and significantly associated with an obesity phenotype. Two SNPs (rs16964465, rs16964476) affected the transcriptional activity of SCG3, and subjects with the minor allele seemed to be resistant to obesity ( odds ratio, 9.23; 95% confidence interval, 2.77 - 30.80; chi(2) = 19.2; P = 0.0000067). SCG3 mRNA and immunoreactivity were detected in the paraventricular nucleus, lateral hypothalamic area, and arcuate nucleus, and the protein coexisted with orexin, melanin-concentrating hormone, neuropeptide Y, and proopiomelanocortin. SCG3 formed a granule-like structure together with these neuropeptides.
    Conclusions: Genetic variations in the SCG3 gene may influence the risk of obesity through possible regulation of hypothalamic neuropeptide secretion.

    DOI: 10.1210/jc.2006-1808

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Changes of gene expression profiles in macrophages stimulated by angiotensin II - Angiotensin II induces MCP-2 through AT(1)-receptor Reviewed

    Atsuhito Tone, Kenichi Shikata, Daisuke Ogawa, Sakiko Sasaki, Ryo Nagase, Motofumi Sasaki, Kosuke Yozai, Hitomi Kataoka Usui, Shinichi Okada, Jun Wada, Yasushi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN-ALDOSTERONE SYSTEM   8 ( 1 )   45 - 50   2007.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD  

    Introduction. Macrophages play critical roles in the development of atherosclerosis and diabetic nephropathy as well as many inflammatory diseases. Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists (AIIA) are beneficial for the prevention of atherosclerosis and diabetic nephropathy suggesting that angiotensin II (Ang II) promotes the development of these diseases. it has recently been reported that Ang II exerts proinflammatory actions in vivo and in vitro. This study was aimed to clarify the direct effects of Ang II on monocytes/macrophages.
    Materials and methods. PMA-treatedTHP-1 cells, a human monocytic leukaemia cell line, were treated with Ang II (10(-6) mol/L) for 24 hours with or without AIIA (CV11974). We evaluated gene expression profiles of these cells using DNA microarray system and quantified them by real-time RT-PCR.
    Results. DNA microarray revealed that in total 19 genes, including monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-2, were up-regulated by Ang II and down-regulated by AIIA. Real-time RT-PCR showed that up-regulation of MCP-2 with Ang II is blocked by the ARA (CV11974) but not by an AT(2)-receptor antagonist.
    Conclusions. These results suggest that Ang II directly stimulates MCP-2 expression through AT(1)-receptors in activated macrophages. Ang II may contribute to the persistence or amplification of microinflammation in vessel walls, heart and kidney. Vasculoprotective or renoprotective effects of ARA might partly depend on direct anti-inflammatory effects on macrophages.

    DOI: 10.3317/jraas.2007.007

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Macrophage scavenger receptor-A-deficient mice are resistant against diabetic nephropathy through amelioration of microinflammation Reviewed

    Hitorni Kataoka Usui, Kenichi Shikata, Motofurni Sasaki, Shinichi Okada, Mitsuhiro Matsuda, Yasushi Shikata, Daisuke Ogawa, Yuichi Kido, Ryo Nagase, Kosuke Yozai, Sakiko Ohga, Atsuhito Tone, Jun Wada, Masahiro Takeya, Seikoh Horiuchi, Tatsuhiko Kodama, Hirofunti Makino

    DIABETES   56 ( 2 )   363 - 372   2007.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    Microinflammation is a common major mechanism in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications, including diabetic nephropathy. Macrophage scavenger receptor-A (SR-A) is a multifunctional receptor expressed on macrophages. This study aimed to determine the role of SR-A in diabetic nephropathy using SR-A-deficient (SR-A(-/-)) mice. Diabetes was induced in SR-A(-/-) and wild-type (SRA(+/+)) mice by streptozotocin injection. Diabetic SR-A(+/+) mice presented characteristic features of diabetic nephropathy: albuminuria, glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial matrix expansion, and overexpression of transforming growth factor-P at 6 months after induction of diabetes. These changes were markedly diminished in diabetic SR-A(-/-) mice, without differences in blood glucose and blood pressure levels. Interestingly, macrophage infiltration in the kidneys was dramatically decreased in diabetic SR-A(-/-) mice compared with diabetic SR-A(+/+) mice. DNA microarray revealed that proinflammatory genes were overexpressed in renal cortex of diabetic SR-A(+/+) mice and suppressed in diabetic SR-A(-/-) mice. Moreover, anti-SR-A antibody blocked the attachment of monocytes to type IV collagen substratum but not to endothelial cells. Our results suggest that SR-A promotes macrophage migration into diabetic kidneys by accelerating the attachment to renal extracellular matrices. SR-A may be a key molecule for the inflammatory process in pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy and a novel therapeutic target for diabetic vascular complications.

    DOI: 10.2337/db06-0359

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Serpins and the metabolic syndrome Reviewed

    Jun Wada

    Molecular and Cellular Aspects of the Serpinopathies and Disorders in Serpin Activity   411 - 423   2007.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Part of collection (book)   Publisher:World Scientific Publishing Co.  

    DOI: 10.1142/9789812707543_0018

    Scopus

    researchmap

  • Hemophagocytic syndrome associated with fatal veno-occlusive disease in the liver Reviewed

    Atsuko Nakatsuka, Jun Wada, Ryo Nagase, Masaya Takeda, Tadashi Yoshino, Hirofumi Makino

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   46 ( 8 )   495 - 499   2007

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    A 47-year-old man presented with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) without any obvious underlying diseases. On computed tomography, his liver was occupied by multiple ill-defined low intensity lesions. Liver biopsy revealed diffuse infiltration of numerous histiocytes without cytologic atypism and prominent fibrotic changes. These histiocyes showed S100(+), CD68(+), CD1a(-), and lysozyme(+) and Langerhans cell granules were not observed by electron microscopic examination. He failed to respond to immunosuppressive and chemotherapeutic treatments and progressed to severe liver failure. At autopsy, his liver exhibited veno-occulusive disease (VOD). Since VOD is regarded as a rare complication of HPS, the presence of VOD associated with HPS may be easily overlooked.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.46.6294

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Thiazolidinediones ameliorate diabetic nephropathy via cell cycle-dependent mechanisms Reviewed

    T Okada, J Wada, K Hida, J Eguchi, Hashimoto, I, M Baba, A Yasuhara, K Shikata, H Makino

    DIABETES   55 ( 6 )   1666 - 1677   2006.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    Thiazolidinediones are ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma, widely used as insulin sensitizer in type 2 diabetic patients and implicated in apoptosis, cell proliferation, and cell cycle regulation. Here, the effect of thiazolidinediones on G1-phase cell cycle arrest, the hallmark in diabetic nephropathy, was investigated. Eight-week-old male Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats were treated with pioglitazone (1 mg kg body wt(-1) (.) day(-1)) until 50 weeks of age and compared with insulin treatment. Although similar HbA(1c) levels were observed in both groups, pioglitazone significantly inhibited glomerular hypertrophy and mesangial matrix expansion and reduced urinary albumin excretion compared with the insulin-treated group. In addition, pioglitazone significantly reduced the number of glomerular p27(Kip1)-positive cells. Because prominent expression of PPAR-gamma was observed in podocytes in glomeruli and cultured cells, conditionally immortalized mouse podocyte cells were cultured under 5.5 and 25 mmol/l D-glucose supplemented with pioglitazone. Pioglitazone inhibited cell hypertrophy revealed by [H-3]thymidine and [H-3]proline incorporation, and pioglitazone reversed high glucose-induced G1-phase cell cycle arrest, i.e., an increase in G0/G1 phase and decrease in S and G2 phases. Pioglitazone suppressed high glucose-induced phosphorylation of p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase and reduced Bcl-2 and P27(Kip1) protein levels. Besides glucose-lowering action, pioglitazone ameliorates diabetic nephropathy via cell cycle-dependent mechanisms.

    DOI: 10.2337/db05-1285

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Elevated serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-4 and chronic inflammation in overweight subjects Reviewed

    Izumi Hashimoto, Jun Wada, Aya Hida, Masako Baba, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Eguchi, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    OBESITY   14 ( 5 )   799 - 811   2006.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NORTH AMER ASSOC STUDY OBESITY  

    Objective: Chronic inflammation observed in obesity has been reported to be implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. We screened candidate chemokines that link chronic inflammation and obesity.
    Research Methods and Procedures: Japanese overweight (n = 39, BMI 28.7 +/- 0.65 kg/m(2)) and normal-weight (n = 24, BMI 22.3 +/- 0.45 kg/m(2)) subjects were enrolled. Using antibody-based protein microarray, spot intensities of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-4, eotaxin, and eotaxin-2 correlated with anthropometric parameters. We further measured serum concentration of these chemokines and mRNA levels in adipose tissues obtained from volunteers.
    Results: Serum MCP-4 levels showed positive correlation with BMI (r = 0.318, p = 0.014), waist (r = 0.316, p = 0.018), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (r = 0.264, p = 0.049). Furthermore, MCP-4 correlated with homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (r = 0.392, p = 0.002), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (r = 0.350, p = 0.006). In step-wise multiple regression analyses, hsCRP independently correlated with MCP-4 levels. The expression of MCP-4 mRNA in visceral adipose tissue positively correlates with BMI. Serum eotaxin levels correlate with BMI (r = 0.262, p = 0.045) and WHR (r = 0.383, p = 0.003). Serum eotaxin-2 levels correlated with BMI (r = 0.464, p &lt; 0.001), waist (r = 0.333, p = 0.017), and WHR (r = 0.278, p = 0.048). However, eotaxin and eotaxin-2 levels did not show significant correlation with hsCRP.
    Discussion: Serum levels of MCP-4, eotaxin, and eotaxin-2, which belong to CC chemokine family and share CC chemokine receptor 3, correlated with BMI. These chemokines, especially MCP-4, may be critical molecules that link obesity and chronic inflammation.

    DOI: 10.1038/oby.2006.93

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Elevated serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-4 and chronic inflammation in overweight subjects Reviewed

    Izumi Hashimoto, Jun Wada, Aya Hida, Masako Baba, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Eguchi, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    Obesity   14 ( 5 )   799 - 811   2006.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)  

    Objective: Chronic inflammation observed in obesity has been reported to be implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. We screened candidate chemokines that link chronic inflammation and obesity. Research Methods and Procedures: Japanese overweight (n = 39, BMI 28.7 ± 0.65 kg/m 2) and normal-weight (n = 24, BMI 22.3 ± 0.45 kg/m 2) subjects were enrolled. Using antibody-based protein microarray, spot intensities of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-4, eotaxin, and eotaxin-2 correlated with anthropometric parameters. We further measured serum concentration of these chemokines and mRNA levels in adipose tissues obtained from volunteers. Results: Serum MCP-4 levels showed positive correlation with BMI (r = 0.318, p = 0.014), waist (r = 0.316, p = 0.018), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (r = 0.264, p = 0.049). Furthermore, MCP-4 correlated with homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (r -0.392, p = 0.002), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (r = 0.350, p = 0.006). In step-wise multiple regression analyses, hsCRP independently correlated with MCP-4 levels. The expression of MCP-4 mRNA in visceral adipose tissue positively correlates with BMI. Serum eotaxin levels correlate with BMI (r = 0.262, p = 0.045) and WHR (r = 0.383, p = 0.003). Serum eotaxin-2 levels correlated with BMI (r = 0.464, p &lt
    0.001), waist (r = 0.333, p = 0.017), and WHR (r = 0.278, p = 0.048). However, eotaxin and eotaxin-2 levels did not show significant correlation with hsCRP. Discussion: Serum levels of MCP-4, eotaxin, and eotaxin-2, which belong to CC chemokine family and share CC chemokine receptor 3, correlated with BMI. These chemokines, especially MCP-4, may be critical molecules that link obesity and chronic inflammation. Copyright © 2006 NAASO.

    DOI: 10.1038/oby.2006.93

    Scopus

    PubMed

    researchmap

  • Therapeutic approach for diabetic nephropathy using gene delivery of translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 44 by reducing mitochondrial superoxide production Reviewed

    Yanling Zhang, Jun Wada, Izumi Hashimoto, Jun Eguchi, Akihiro Yasuhara, Yashpal S. Kanwar, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   17 ( 4 )   1090 - 1101   2006.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMERICAN SOCIETY NEPHROLOGY  

    Hyperglycemia-induced overproduction of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species has emerged as a major player in diabetic vascular complications. Mammalian translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 44 (TIM44) was identified by upregulation in diabetic mouse kidneys. TIM44 functions as a membrane anchor of mitochondrial heat-shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) to TIM23 complex and is involved in the import of mitochondria-targeted preproteins into mitochondrial matrix. The process is dependent on inner membrane potential and ATP hydrolysis on ATPase domain of mitochondrial heat-shock protein 70. Hemagglutination virus of Japan-envelope vector that carries pcDNA3.1 plasmid that contains the full-length cDNA of TIM44 and control plasmid were injected weekly into the tail vein of uninephrectomized streptozotocin-induced diabetic CD-1 mice. The gene delivery alleviated proteinuria and renal hypertrophy at 8 wk after the injection, inhibited renal cell proliferation and apoptosis, and suppressed superoxide production. In vitro experiments, using human proximal tubular (HK2) cells, revealed that the gene delivery of TIM44 reversed high glucose-induced metabolic and cellular abnormalities such as enhanced reactive oxygen species production, increased ATP contents, alterations in inner membrane potential, increased cell proliferation, and apoptosis. Transfection with siRNA and expressing vector of TIM44 revealed that TIM44 facilitates import of antioxidative enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase into mitochondria. The gene delivery of TIM44 therefore seems to be beneficial for the maintenance of mitochondrial function and is a novel therapeutic approach for diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2005111148

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The application of synthetic hANP in diabetic nephropathy with nephrotic syndrome Reviewed

    Y Kikumoto, J Wada, H Makino

    DIABETES CARE   29 ( 1 )   172 - 173   2006.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    DOI: 10.2337/diacare.29.01.06.dc05-1815

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Relationship between metabolic syndrome and cigarette smoking in the Japanese population Reviewed

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Wada, Yuriko Kawasaki, Kenji Nishii, Hirofumi Makino, Takeyuki Numata

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   45 ( 18 )   1039 - 1043   2006

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Objective We investigated the link between metabolic syndrome and cigarette smoking in the Japanese population.
    Methods A total of 3,177 Japanese subjects aged 20-79 years were recruited in a cross-sectional clinical investigation study. Habits of cigarette smoking were obtained at interviews by well-trained staff. The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was based on the new criterion in Japan.
    Results Four hundred and forty men (35.3%) and 142 women (7.4%) were current smokers. Three hundred thirty four men (26.8%) and 69 women (3.6%) were diagnosed as metabolic syndrome. The prevalence of current smoker in subjects with metabolic syndrome was significantly higher than in subjects with non-metabolic syndrome in men with and without adjustment for age. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in men with Brinkman index &gt;= 600 was significantly higher than that in men with Brinkman index&lt;600.
    Conclusion The present study indicated that cigarette smoking may be an important modifiable factor in Japanese men with metabolic syndrome.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.45.1850

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Relationship between metabolic syndrome and proteinuria in the Japanese population Reviewed

    Nobuyuki Miyatake, Jun Wada, Yuriko Kawasaki, Sumiko Matsumoto, Hirofumi Makino, Takeyuki Numata

    INTERNAL MEDICINE   45 ( 9 )   599 - 603   2006

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:JAPAN SOC INTERNAL MEDICINE  

    Objective We investigated the link between metabolic syndrome and proteinuria in Japanese.
    Methods A total of 12,023 Japanese subjects, aged 20-79 years, were recruited in a cross-sectional clinical investigation study. From this group, we used data of 2,121 subjects for further investigation. Proteinuria was measured by using urine strip devices. The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was based on the new criterion in Japan.
    Results In the first analysis, 224 men (6.0%) and 359 women (4.3%) were diagnosed as trace positive (+/-) and 155 men (4.1%) and 147 women (1.8%) were diagnosed as positive (+&lt;=) with proteinuria. In the second analysis, 264 men (29.7%) and 45 women (3.7%) were diagnosed as metabolic syndrome. Prevalence of proteinuria in subjects with metabolic syndrome was significantly higher than that in subjects with non metabolic syndrome in both sexes. In addition, the atherogenic index was significantly higher in subjects with metabolic syndrome than in subjects with non-metabolic syndrome.
    Conclusion The present study indicated that metabolic syndrome might be an important factor in the etiology of proteinuria in Japanese.

    DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.45.1681

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The HNF-1 target Collectrin controls insulin exocytosis by SNARE complex formation Reviewed

    K Fukui, Q Yang, Y Cao, N Takahashi, H Hatakeyama, HY Wang, J Wada, YL Zhang, L Marselli, T Nammo, K Yoneda, M Onishi, S Higashiyama, Y Matsuzawa, FJ Gonzalez, GC Weir, H Kasai, L Shimomura, J Miyagawa, CB Wollheim, K Yamagata

    CELL METABOLISM   2 ( 6 )   373 - 384   2005.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:CELL PRESS  

    Defective glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is the main cause of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Mutations in HNF-1 alpha cause a monogenic form of type 2 diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), characterized by impaired insulin secretion. Here we report that collectrin, a recently cloned kidney-specific gene of unknown function, is a target of HNF-1 alpha in pancreatic beta cells. Expression of collectrin was decreased in the islets of HNF-1 alpha (-/-) mice, but was increased in obese hyperglycemic mice. Overexpression of collectrin in rat insulinoma INS-1 cells or in the beta cells of transgenic mice enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin exocytosis, without affecting Ca2+ influx. Conversely, suppression of collectrin attenuated insulin secretion. Collectrin bound to SNARE complexes by interacting with snapin, a SNAP-25 binding protein, and facilitated SNARE complex formation. Therefore, collectrin is a regulator of SNARE complex function, which thereby controls insulin exocytosis.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2005.11.003

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Long-term use of vitamin E-coated polysulfone membrane reduces oxidative stress markers in haemodialysis patients Reviewed

    H Morimoto, K Nakao, K Fukuoka, A Sarai, A Yano, T Kihara, S Fukuda, J Wada, H Makino

    NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION   20 ( 12 )   2775 - 2782   2005.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    Background. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase and an independent predictor of overall mortality and cardiovascular outcome in haemodialysis (HD) patients. In the present study, we compared the effects of a vitamin E-coated polysulfone membrane (PSE) and a non-vitamin E-coated polysulfone membrane (PS) on oxidative stress markers such as ADMA.
    Methods. Thirty-one HD patients were enrolled to this investigation. They were allocated into two groups: in the PSE group (n = 16), PSE was used for 6 months, followed by PS for an additional 12 months; in the PS group (n = 15), PS was used for the entire observation period. Plasma ADMA, oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) and malondialdehyde LDL (MDA-LDL) levels were measured at baseline, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months. Plasma ADMA in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and in healthy individuals was also measured.
    Results. Predialysis concentrations of ADMA (0.72 +/- 0.13 nmol/ml) were significantly higher in the HD group than in both PD patients (0.63 +/- 0.10 nmol/ml, P &lt; 0.01) and healthy individuals (0.44 +/- 0.01 nmol/ml, P &lt; 0.0001). Treatment with PSE for 6 months significantly reduced predialysis levels of ADMA (0.54 +/- 0.09 nmol/ml) compared with baseline (0.74 +/- 0.12 nmol/ml; P &lt; 0.01). Predialysis levels of Ox-LDL and MDA-LDL after 6 months therapy with PSE were also significantly lower than baseline values. Treatment with PS subsequent to treatment with PSE again increased ADMA, Ox-LDL and MDA-LDL back to baseline levels. In the PS group, ADMA, Ox-LDL and MDA-LDL levels remained unchanged during the entire treatment period of 18 months.
    Conclusions. We confirmed that use of PSE reduced ADMA that had accumulated in HD patients. This finding indicates that PSE exerts anti-oxidant activity. A randomized controlled study will be required to determine whether PSE prevents cardiovascular diseases and other dialysis-related complications by reducing oxidative stress.

    DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfi121

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Modulation of renal-specific oxidoreductase/myo-inositol oxygenase by high-glucose ambience Reviewed

    B Nayak, P Xie, S Akagi, QW Yang, L Sun, J Wada, A Thakur, FR Danesh, SS Chugh, YS Kanwar

    PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA   102 ( 50 )   17952 - 17957   2005.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATL ACAD SCIENCES  

    Biological properties of renal-specific oxicloreductase (RSOR), characteristics of its promoter, and underlying mechanisms regulating its expression in diabetes were analyzed. RSOR expression, normally confined to the renal cortex, was markedly increased and extended into the outer medullary tubules in db/db mice, a model of type 2 diabetes. Exposure of LLCPK cells to D-glucose resulted in a dose-dependent increase in RSOR expression and its enzymatic activity. The latter was related to one of the glycolytic enzymes, myo-inositol oxygenase. The increase in activity was in proportion to serum glucose concentration. The RSOR expression also increased in cells treated with various organic osmolytes, e.g., sorbitol, myoinositol, and glycerol phosphoryl-choline and H2O2. Basal promoter activity was confined to -1,252 bp upstream of ATG, and it increased with the treatment of high glucose and osmolytes. EMSAs indicated an increased binding activity with osmotic-, carbohydrate-, and oxidant-response elements in cells treated with high glucose and was abolished by competitors. Supershifts, detected by anti-nuclear factor of activated T cells, and carbohydrate-response-element-binding protein established the binding specificity. Nuclear factor of activated T cells tonicity-enhancer-binding protein and carbohydrate-response-element-binding protein had increased nuclear expression in cells treated with high glucose. The activity of osmotic-response element exhibited a unique alternate binding pattern, as yet unreported in osmoregulatory genes. Data indicate that RSOR activity is modulated by diverse mechanisms, and it is endowed with dual properties to channel glucose intermediaries, characteristic of hepatic aldehyde reductases, and to maintain osmoregulation, a function of renal medullary genes, e.g., aldose reductase, in diabetes.

    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0509089102

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Serum interleukin-18 levels are associated with nephropathy and atherosclerosis in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes Reviewed

    A Nakamura, K Shikata, M Hiramatsu, T Nakatou, T Kitamura, J Wada, T Itoshima, H Makino

    DIABETES CARE   28 ( 12 )   2890 - 2895   2005.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    OBJECTIVE - interleukin (IL)- 18 is a proinflammatory cytokine secreted from mononuclear cells. Serum concentration of IL-18 is a strong predictor of death in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies have shown that microinflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy as well as of cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the serum level of IL-18 is a common predictor of nephropathy and atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes.
    RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Eighty-two Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes and 55 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were enrolled. Patients With renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance &lt; 1 ml/s) were excluded. We assessed clinical parameters and measured serum and urinary IL-18 levels, serum IL-6 levels, Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in all patients. Further, we evaluated changes of urinary albumin excretion rate (AER) after 6 months in 76 diabetic patients.
    RESULTS - Serum and urinary IL-18 levels were significantly elevated in patients with type 2 diabetes as compared with control subjects (serum IL-18 179 62 vs. 121 - 55 pg/ml, P &lt; 0.001; urinary IL-18 97 - 159 vs. 47 - 54 pg/ml, P = 0.035). Univariate linear regression analysis showed significant positive correlations between serum IL- 18 and AER (r [correlation coefficient] = 0.525, P &lt; 0.001), HbA(1C) (r = 0.242, P = 0.029), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (r = 0.240, P = 0.031), and urinary beta-2 microglobulin (r = 0.235, P = 0.036) Serum IL-18 levels also correlated positively with carotid IMT (r = 0.225, P = 0.042) and baPWV (r = 0.232, P = 0.040). We also found a significant correlation between urinary IL-18 and AER (r = 0.309, P = 0.005). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that AER (standard correlation coefficients [B] = 0.405, P &lt; 0.001) and hs-CPP (B = 0.207, P = 0.033) were independently associated with serum IL- 18 levels. AER was also independently associated with urinary IL-18 levels (B = 0.295, P = 0.005). Moreover, serum and urinary IL-18 levels correlated positively with AER after 6 months (r = 0.489, P &lt; 0.001 and r = 0.320, P - 0.005) and changes in AER during the follow-up period (r = 0.268, P = 0.018 and r = 0.234, P = 0.042).
    CONCLUSIONS - Serum levels of IL- 18 might be a predictor of progression of diabetic nephropathy as well as cardiovascular diseases.

    DOI: 10.2337/diacare.28.12.2890

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Methotrexate prevents renal injury in experimental diabetic rats via anti-inflammatory actions Reviewed

    K Yozai, K Shikata, M Sasaki, A Tone, S Ohga, H Usui, S Okada, J Wada, R Nagase, D Ogawa, Y Shikata, H Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   16 ( 11 )   3326 - 3338   2005.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Recent studies suggested the involvement of inflammatory processes in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Methotrexate (MTX), a folic acid antagonist, is widely used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Recently, it has been shown that treatment with low-dose MTX reduces the cardiovascular mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, suggesting that MTX has anti-atherosclerotic effects via its anti-inflammatory actions. This study was designed to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of this agent on diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats with streptozotocin, and MTX (0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg) was administered once a week for 8 wk. Treatment with MTX reduced urinary albumin excretion, mesangial matrix expansion, macrophage infiltration, expression of TGF-beta and type IV collagen, and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in glomeruli. MTX also reduced the high glucose-induced NF-kappa B activation in vitro and in vivo. The results indicate that intermittent administration of MTX prevented renal injuries without changes in blood glucose level and BP in experimental diabetic rats. The protective effects of MTX are suggested to be mediated by its anti-inflammatory actions through inhibition of NF-kappa B activation and consequent reduction of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression and macrophage infiltration. The results suggest that anti-inflammatory agents might be beneficial for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2004111011

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Erythromycin ameliorates renal injury via anti-inflammatory effects in experimental diabetic rats Reviewed

    A Tone, K Shikata, M Sasaki, S Ohga, K Yozai, S Nishishita, H Usui, R Nagase, D Ogawa, S Okada, Y Shikata, J Wada, H Makino

    DIABETOLOGIA   48 ( 11 )   2402 - 2411   2005.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    Aims/hypothesis: Recent studies have shown that the inflammatory process is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Fourteen-membered ring macrolides, including erythromycin, have anti-inflammatory, as well as antibacterial effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the renoprotective effects of erythromycin in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Methods: STZ-induced diabetic rats were treated orally with erythromycin (5 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle every day for 8 weeks. To evaluate the effect of erythromycin treatment, we measured urinary albumin excretion, and examined the following in the kidney: histological changes, the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), macrophage infiltration, and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) activity. Results: Erythromycin significantly reduced urinary albumin excretion without affecting blood glucose levels and blood pressure. Erythromycin also attenuated glomerular hypertrophy, mesangial expansion, macrophage infiltration and ICAM-1 expression in renal tissues. The expression of the gene encoding TGFB1 (also known as TGF-b1), type IV collagen protein production and NF-kB activity in renal tissues were increased in diabetic rats and reduced by erythromycin treatment. Conclusions/interpretation: Erythromycin prevented renal injuries without changes of blood glucose levels and blood pressure in experimental diabetic rats. These results suggest that the renoprotective effects of erythromycin are based on its anti-inflammatory effect via suppression of NF- activation. Modulation of microinflammation with erythromycin may provide a new approach for diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00125-005-1945-6

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Galectin-9 inhibits glomerular hypertrophy in db/db diabetic mice via cell-cycle-dependent mechanisms Reviewed

    M Baba, J Wada, J Eguchi, Hashimoto, I, T Okada, A Yasuhara, K Shikata, YS Kanwar, H Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   16 ( 11 )   3222 - 3234   2005.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Galectins are beta-galactoside-binding lectins that are involved in various biologic processes, such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, and cell-cycle regulation. Galectin-9 (Gal-9) was identified previously and demonstrated to have apoptotic potential to thymocytes in mice and activated CD8(+) T cells in nephrotoxic serum nephritis model. In this study, the effect of Gal-9 on G1-phase cell-cycle arrest, one of the hallmark pathologic changes in early diabetic nephropathy, was investigated. Eight-week-old male db/db mice received injections of recombinant Gal-9 or vehicle for 8 wk. The injection of Gal-9 into db/db mice significantly inhibited glomerular hypertrophy and mesangial matrix expansion and reduced urinary albumin excretion. Gal-9 reduced glomerular expression of TGF-beta 1 and the number of p27(Kip1)- and p21(Cip1)-positive cells in glomeruli. Double staining with nephrin and type IV collagen revealed that podocytes were mainly positive for p27(kip1). For further confirming the cell-cycle regulation by Gal-9, conditionally immortalized mouse podocyte cells were cultured under 5.5 and 25 MM D-glucose supplemented with Gal-9. Cell-cycle distribution analyses revealed that Gal-9 maintained further progression of cell cycle from the G1 phase. Gal-9 reversed the high-glucose-mediated upregulation of p27(Kip1) and p21(Cip1) and inhibited cell-cycle-dependent hypertrophy, i.e., reduced [H-3]proline incorporation. The data suggest that Gal-9 plays a central role in inducing their successful progression from G1 to G2 phase by suppressing glomerular expression of TGF-beta 1 and inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. Gal-9 may give an impetus to develop new therapeutic tools targeted toward. diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2004110915

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Gene delivery of Tim44 reduces mitochondrial superoxide production and ameliorates neointimal proliferation of injured carotid artery in diabetic rats Reviewed

    T Matsuoka, J Wada, Hashimoto, I, YL Zhang, J Eguchi, N Ogawa, K Shikata, YS Kanwar, H Makino

    DIABETES   54 ( 10 )   2882 - 2890   2005.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    Hyperglycemia induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from mitochondria, which is closely related to diabetic vascular complications. Mammalian translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane (Tim)44 was identified by upregulation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse kidneys; Tim44 functions as a membrane anchor of mtHsp70 to TIM23 complex and is involved in the import of preproteins with mitochondria-targeted presequence into mitochondrial matrix. The process is dependent on inner membrane potential (Delta psi) and ATP hydrolysis on ATPase domain of mtHsp70. Here, we show that the gene delivery of Tim44 using pcDNA3.1 vector (pcDNA3.1/TIM44) into the balloon injury model of STZ-induced diabetic rats ameliorated neointinial proliferation. ROS production, inflammatory responses, and cell proliferation in injured carotid artery were diminished by delivery of pcDNA3.1/ TIM44. In vitro experiments using human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) revealed that the gene delivery of Tim.44 normalized high-glucose-induced enhanced ROS production and increased ATP production, alterations in inner membrane potential, and cell proliferation. Transfection of siRNA and pcDNA3.1/TIM44 using HASMC culture clarified that import of antioxidative enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase was facilitated by Tim44. Tim44 and its related molecules in mitochondrial import machinery complex are novel targets in the therapeutic interventions for diabetes and its vascular complications.

    DOI: 10.2337/diabetes.54.10.2882

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Renal-specific oxidoreductase biphasic expression under high glucose ambience during fetal versus neonatal development Reviewed

    YS Kanwar, S Akagi, B Nayak, L Sun, J Wada, P Xie, A Thakur, SS Chugh, FR Danesh

    KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL   68 ( 4 )   1670 - 1683   2005.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING  

    Renal-specific oxidoreductase biphasic expression under high glucose ambience during fetal vs. neonatal development.
    Background. Renal-specific oxidoreductase (RSOR) has been recently identified in mice kidneys of diabetic animals, and it is developmentally regulated. Its expression during fetal, neonatal, and postnatal periods was assessed under high glucose ambience.
    Methods. Whole-mount immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy were performed to assess the effect of high glucose on the morphogenesis of mice fetal kidneys. RSOR mRNA and protein expression was assessed by competitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunoprecipitation methods in embryonic kidneys (day E13 to E17) subjected to high glucose ambience and by Northern and Western blot analyses of kidneys of newborn and 1-week-old mice with hyperglycemia. The spatiotemporal changes in the RSOR expression were assessed by in situ hybridization analyses and immunofluorescence microscopy. In addition, the extent of apoptosis in the kidneys was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay.
    Results. Whole-mount microscopy of the embryonic metanephroi revealed a dose-dependent disruption in the ureteric bud iterations with reduced population of the nascent nephrons. Both gene and protein expressions were reduced in day E13 to E17 metanephroi, while increased in kidneys of newborn and 1-week-old mice. In day E13 and day E15 kidneys, the RSOR was expressed in the ureteric bud branches and some of the immature tubules, and its expression was reduced with high glucose treatment. In day E17 kidneys the RSOR was expressed in the tubules of the deeper cortex, and its expression was marginally decreased. In newborn kidneys, this enzyme was expressed in the subcortical tubules and it spread to the entire width of the renal cortex in hyperglycemic state. In 1-week-old mice kidneys, the RSOR was localized to the entire cortex, and in animals with blood glucose above 300 mg/dL, its intensity increased with extension of expression into the outer medullary tubules. A dose-dependent fulminant apoptosis was observed in day E13 to E17 kidneys subjected to high glucose ambience. In newborn and 1-week-old mice control kidneys, the apoptosis was minimal although slightly increased during hyperglycemia.
    Conclusion. High glucose has a differential effect on the RSOR expression in kidneys during the embryonic versus neonatal/postnatal period. This may partly be related to the differential degree of apoptosis, a process reflective of oxidant stress that is seen in diabetic milieu, which as previously has been shown to adversely effect the modulators of fetal development and thereby the morphogenesis of the kidney and RSOR expression.

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1755.2005.00611.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Clinical features of non-diabetic renal diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes Reviewed

    A Tone, K Shikata, M Matsuda, H Usui, S Okada, D Ogawa, J Wada, H Makino

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   69 ( 3 )   237 - 242   2005.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Although persistent proteinuria is characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN), it is important to differentiate non-diabetic renal diseases (NDRD) in diabetic patients with proteinuria. In order to re-evaluate the indications for renal biopsy in the diabetic patients, we retrospectively analyzed the relationship between clinical features and histological diagnosis in 97 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes manifesting overt proteinuria. Renal biopsy was performed because they were clinically suspected to have NDRD. Patients were divided into three groups according to the histological diagnosis: (1) the DN group (n = 35) had only diabetic lesions, (2) the complicated group (n = 16) had histological changes of NDRD superimposed on DN and (3) the non-DN group (n = 46) had NDRD without diabetic lesions. We evaluated the specificity and sensitivity of four clinical parameters (duration of diabetes, presence or absence of diabetic retinopathy, microscopic hematuria and granular casts as urinary sediments) for the prediction of NDRD. Short duration of diabetes (&lt; 5 years) showed high sensitivity (75%) and specificity (70%). Diabetic retinopathy showed the highest sensitivity (87%) and specificity (93%). The sensitivity and specificity of microscopic hematuria (56 and 58%) and granular casts (68 and 47%) were lower. Our study confirmed that the absence of retinopathy and short duration of diabetes are useful clinical indications for renal biopsy in diabetic patients with overt protemuria. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2005.02.009

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Hyperglycemia: its imminent effects on mammalian nephrogenesis Reviewed

    YS Kanwar, B Nayak, S Lin, S Akagi, P Xie, J Wada, SS Chugh, FR Danesh

    PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY   20 ( 7 )   858 - 866   2005.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:SPRINGER  

    A sustained exposure of the mammalian embryo to very high glucose ambience is associated with a multitude of congenital birth defects, including those of the cardiovascular, CNS, skeletal and urogenital systems during the first 6 - 8 weeks of gestation in humans. These urogenital abnormalities may be associated with "caudal regression syndrome" or may occur alone in the form of partial or total renal agenesis. Similarly, an increase in the incidence of morphogenetic defects is observed in the offspring of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and mice, and also in non- obese diabetic mice. In certain cases, failure during the growth of the lower parts of embryos or newborn mice involving the genitourinary system has been observed in animals with severe diabetes. Investigators have utilized whole organ culture systems to delineate the mechanisms relevant to dysmorphogenesis of the embryonic metanephros. A marked dysmorphogenesis of the metanephros is observed upon treatment with a high concentration of D-glucose. Associated with it are changes that include branching dysmorphogenesis of the ureteric bud iterations, reduced population of nascent nephrons, decreased expression of basement membrane proteoglycans, depletion of ATP stores, and fulminant apoptosis of the cells at the interface of mesenchyme and ureteric bud epithelium. The latter findings suggest that disruption of epithelial: mesenchymal interactions may be the major event responsible for the metanephric dysmorphogenesis induced by high glucose ambience.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00467-005-1888-7

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor: A unique insulin-sensitizing adipocytokine in obesity Reviewed

    K Hida, J Wada, J Eguchi, H Zhang, M Baba, A Seida, L Hashimoto, T Okada, A Yasuhara, A Nakatsuka, K Shikata, S Hourai, J Futami, E Watanabe, Y Matsuki, R Hiramatsu, S Akagi, H Makino, YS Kanwar

    PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA   102 ( 30 )   10610 - 10615   2005.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATL ACAD SCIENCES  

    There is a rapid global rise in obesity, and the link between obesity and diabetes remains somewhat obscure. We identified an adipocytokine, designated as visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin (vaspin), which is a member of serine protease inhibitor family. Vaspin cDNA was isolated by from visceral white adipose tissues (WATs) of Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETIF) rat, an animal model of abdominal obesity with type 2 diabetes. Rat, mouse, and human vaspins are made up of 392,394, and 395 amino acids, respectively; exhibit approximate to 40% homology with alpha(1)-antitrypsin; and are related to serine protease inhibitor family. Vaspin was barely detectable in rats at 6 wk and was highly expressed in adipocytes of visceral WATs at 30 wk, the age when obesity, body weight, and insulin levels peak in OLETF rats. The tissue expression of vaspin and its serum levels decrease with worsening of diabetes and body weight loss at 50 wk. The expression and serum levels were normalized with the treatment of insulin or insulin-sensitizing agent, pioglitazone, in OLETF rats. Administration of vaspin to obese CRL:CD-1 (ICR) (ICR) mice fed with high-fat high-sucrose chow improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity reflected by normalized serum glucose levels. It also led to the reversal of altered expression of genes relevant to insulin resistance, e.g., leptin, resistin, TNF alpha, glucose transporter-4, and adiponectin. In DNA chip analyses, vaspin treatment resulted in the reversal of expression in approximate to 50% of the high-fat high-sucrose-induced genes in WATs. These findings indicate that vaspin exerts an insulin-sensitizing effect targeted toward WATs in states of obesity.

    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0504703102

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Identification of adipocyte adhesion molecule (ACAM), a novel CTX gene family, implicated in adipocyte maturation and development of obesity Reviewed

    J Eguchi, J Wada, K Hida, H Zhang, T Matsuoka, M Baba, Hashimoto, I, K Shikata, N Ogawa, H Makino

    BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL   387   343 - 353   2005.4

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    Few cell adhesion molecules have been reported to be expressed in mature adipocytes, and the significance of cell adhesion process in adipocyte biology is also unknown. In the present study, we identified ACAM (adipocyte adhesion molecule), a novel homologue of the CTX (cortical thymocyte marker in Xenopus) gene family. ACAM cDNA was isolated during PCR-based cDNA subtraction, and its mRNA was shown to be up-regulated in WATs (white adipose tissues) of OLETF (Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty) rats, an animal model for Type II diabetes and obesity. ACAM, 372 amino acids in total, has a signal peptide, V-type (variable) and C2-type (constant) Ig domains, a single transmembrane segment and a cytoplasmic tail. The amino acid sequence in rat is highly homologous to mouse (94%) and human (87%). ACAM mRNA was predominantly expressed in WATs in OLETF rats, and increased with the development of obesity until 30 weeks of age, which is when the peak of body mass is reached. Western blot analysis revealed that ACAM protein, approx. 45 kDa, was associated with plasma membrane fractions of mature adipocytes isolated from mesenteric and subdermal adipose deposits of OLETF rats. Up-regulation of ACAM mRNAs in obesity was also shown in WATs of genetically obese db/db mice, diet-induced obese ICR mice and human obese subjects. In primary cultured mouse and human adipocytes, ACAM mRNA expression was progressively up-regulated during differentiation. Several stably transfected Chinese-hamster ovary K1 cell lines were established, and the quantification of ACAM mRNA and cell aggregation assay revealed that the degree of homophilic aggregation correlated well with ACAM mRNA expression. In summary, ACAM may be the critical adhesion molecule in adipocyte differentiation and development of obesity.

    DOI: 10.1042/BJ20041709

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Sulfated hyaluronic acid, a potential selectin inhibitor, ameliorates experimentally induced crescentic glomerulonephritis Reviewed

    D Ogawa, K Shikata, M Matsuda, K Akima, M Iwahashi, S Okada, Y Tsuchiyama, Y Shikata, J Wada, H Makino

    NEPHRON EXPERIMENTAL NEPHROLOGY   99 ( 1 )   E26 - E32   2005

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:KARGER  

    Background/Aims: Sulfated polysaccharides are known to interfere with the binding of selectins and their ligands. Recently, we demonstrated that sulfated hyaluronic acid (SHA), a synthetic sulfated polysaccharide, showed preventive and therapeutic effects on experimental mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. Here we evaluated the protective potential of SHA on crescentic glomerulonephritis, using nephrotoxic serum (NTS) nephritis in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Methods: Crescentic glomerulonephritis was induced by injection of NTS in WKY rats. Rats subsequently received intraperitoneal administration of SHA (0.5 or 1.5 mg/kg/day) or non-sulfated hyaluronic acid ( HA) ( 1.5 mg/kg/day) for 14 days. The urinary protein excretion was measured, and expression of selectins, intraglomerular leukocytes and crescent formation were examined by immunohistochemistry. In addition, we examined the urinary protein excretion of SHA ( 1.5 mg/kg/day) administered from day 7 after the induction of crescentic glomerulonephritis. Results: The expression of P-selectin was increased in the glomerulus of crescentic glomerulonephritis. SHA reduced proteinuria, macrophage infiltration, and crescent formation in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, administration of SHA ( 1.5 mg/kg/day) from day 7 also reduced the urinary protein excretion on day 14 compared with that in saline and HA group. Conclusion: Our results suggest that SHA inhibits intraglomerular infiltration of macrophages, and prevents progression of experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis. Sulfated polysaccharides might be beneficial for the treatment of crescentic glomerulonephritis. Copyright (C) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.

    DOI: 10.1159/000081795

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Pathological roles of advanced glycation end product receptors SR-A and CD36 Reviewed

    S Horiuchi, Y Unno, H Usui, K Shikata, K Takaki, W Koita, YI Sakamoto, R Nagai, K Makino, A Sasao, J Wada, H Makino

    MAILLARD REACTION: CHEMISTRY AT THE INTERFACE OF NUTRITION, AGING, AND DISEASE   1043   671 - 675   2005

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NEW YORK ACAD SCIENCES  

    The pathological significance of advanced glycation end product (AGE)-modified proteins deposited in several lesions is generally accounted for by their cellular interaction via the AGE receptors and subsequent acceleration of the inflammatory process. In this study, we focused on two AGE receptors-specifically, the role of SR-A in pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy and the role of CD36 in AGE-induced downregulation of leptin by adipocytes. In terms of SR-A, diabetic wild-type mice exhibited increased urinary albumin excretion, glomerular hypertrophy, and mesangial matrix expansion, whereas SR-A-knockout mice showed reduced glomerular size and mesangial matrix area. In these diabetic SR-A-knockout mice, the number of macrophages that infiltrated into glomeruli was remarkably reduced (P &lt; 0.05), suggesting that SR-A-dependent glomerular migration of macrophages plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. In terms of CD36, incubation of glycolaldehyde-modified bovine serum albumin (GA-BSA) with 3T3-L1 adipocytes reduced leptin secretion by these cells. The binding of GA-BSA to these cells and subsequent endocytic degradation were effectively inhibited by a neutralizing anti-CD36 antibody. AGE-induced downregulation of leptin was protected by N-acetyl-cysteine, an antioxidant. These results indicate that the interaction of AGE ligands with 3T3-L1 adipocytes via CD36 induces oxidative stress and leads to inhibition of leptin expression by these cells, suggesting a potential link of this phenomenon to exacerbation of the insulin sensitivity in metabolic syndrome.,

    DOI: 10.1196/annals.1333.076

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The critical role of Src homology domain 2-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 in recombinant human erythropoietin hyporesponsive anemia in chronic hemodialysis patients Reviewed

    S Akagi, H Ichikawa, T Okada, A Sarai, T Sugimoto, H Morimoto, T Kihara, A Yano, K Nakao, Y Nagake, J Wada, H Makino

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY   15 ( 12 )   3215 - 3224   2004.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    The molecular mechanism of anemia that is hyporesponsive to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in hemodialysis patients without underlying causative factors has not been investigated fully in hematopoietic stem cell system. Circulating CD34+ cells (l x: 10(4)) were isolated from rHuEPO hyporesponsive hemodialysis patients (EPO-H; n. = 9), patients who were responsive to rHuEPO (EPO-R; n = 9), and healthy control subjects (n = 9). The patients with known causes of EPO hyporesponsiveness were eliminated from the current study. The cells were cultured in STEM PRO 34 liquid medium, supplemented with rHUEPO,IL-3, stern cell factor, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor for 7 d and then transferred to a semisolid methylcellulose culture medium for performing burst forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E) colony assay. Expression of src homology domain 2 (SH2)-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP1), phosphotylated Janus kinase 2 (p-JAK2), and phosphotylated signal transducer and aclivator of transcription 5 (p-STAT5) was assessed with Western blot analysis. In EPO-H patients, SHP-l antisense or scrambled S-oligos were included in the culture medium, and its effects were evaluated. The number of circulating CD34+ cells was not statistically different among the three groups, and their proliferation rates were similar for 7 d in culture. However, BFU-E colonies were significantly decreased in EPO-H patients compared with EPO-R and control groups. The mRNA and protein expression of SHP-I and p-SHP-1 was significantly increased, whereas that of p-STAT5 was reduced in EPO-H patients. The inclusion of SHP-1 antisense S-oligo in culture suppressed SHP-1 protein expression associated with p-STAT5 upregulation, increase in p-STAT5-regulated genes, and partial recovery of BFU-E colonies. In EPO-H hemodialysis patients, the EPO signaling pathway is attenuated as a result of dephosphotylation of STAT5 via upregulation of SHP-I phosphatase activity, and SHP-I may be a novel target molecule to sensitize EPO action in these patients.

    DOI: 10.1097/01.ASN.0000145457.73744.24

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Changes in serum leptin concentrations in overweight Japanese men after exercise Reviewed

    N Miyatake, K Takahashi, J Wada, H Nishikawa, A Morishita, H Suzuki, M Kunitomi, H Makino, S Kira, M Fujii

    DIABETES OBESITY & METABOLISM   6 ( 5 )   332 - 337   2004.9

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD  

    Aim: To investigate the link between serum leptin concentrations and exercise.
    Design: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of an exercise intervention.
    Subjects: 110 Japanese overweight men aged 32-59 years were recruited. At baseline, the average body mass index (BMI) was 28.5 +/- 2.5 kg/m(2). From this group, we used data of 36 overweight men (BMI, 28.9 +/- 2.3) for a 1-year exercise programme.
    Measurements: Leptin was measured at baseline and after 1 year. Fat distribution was evaluated by visceral fat (V) and subcutaneous fat (S) areas measured with computed tomography (CT) scanning at umbilical levels. Anthropometric parameters, aerobic exercise level, muscle strength and flexibility were also investigated at baseline and after 1 year.
    Results: In the first analysis, using cross-sectional data, leptin was significantly correlated with total body fat (r = 0.760, p &lt; 0.01), V (r = 0.383, p &lt; 0.01) and S (r = 0.617, p &lt; 0.01) areas. In the second analysis, using longitudinal data, leptin was significantly reduced after 1 year (pre 6.7 +/- 4.0 ng/ml vs. post 5.1 +/- 3.1 ng/ml, p &lt; 0.01). Results showed that steps per day were increased, and aerobic exercise level, weight-bearing index (WBI) and insulin resistance were significantly improved. Although, there was a positive correlation between A leptin(positive changes in leptin after 1 year) and anthropometric measurements such as Delta body weight, Delta BMI and Delta body fat, leptin/body weight, leptin/BMI and leptin/body fat ratios were significantly reduced during exercise intervention.
    Conclusion: The present study indicated exercise significantly lowers serum leptin concentrations, and thus it may improve the leptin resistance observed in overweight Japanese men.

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-8902.2004.00351.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Update of extracellular matrix, its receptors, and cell adhesion molecules in mammalian nephrogenesis Reviewed

    YS Kanwar, J Wada, S Lin, FR Danesh, SS Chugh, QW Yang, T Banerjee, JW Lomasney

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-RENAL PHYSIOLOGY   286 ( 2 )   F202 - F215   2004.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC  

    One of the hallmarks of mammalian nephrogenesis includes a mesenchymalepithelial transition that is accomplished by intercalation of the ureteric bud, an epithelium-lined tubelike structure, into an undifferentiated mesenchyme, and the latter then undergoes an inductive transformation and differentiates into an epithelial phenotype. At the same time, the differentiating mesenchyme reciprocates by inducing branching morphogenesis of the ureteric bud, which forms a treelike structure with dichotomous iterations. These reciprocal inductive interactions lead to the development of a functioning nephron unit made up of a glomerulus and proximal and distal tubules. The inductive interactions and differentiation events are modulated by a number of transcription factors, protooncogenes, and growth factors and their receptors, which regulate the expression of target morphogenetic modulators including the ECM, integrin receptors, and cell adhesion molecules. These target macromolecules exhibit spatiotemporal and stage-specific developmental regulation in the metanephros. The ECM molecules expressed at the epithelial-mesenchymal interface are perhaps the most relevant and conducive to the paracrine-juxtacrine interactions in a scenario where the ligand is expressed in the mesenchyme while the receptor is located in the ureteric bud epithelium or vice versa. In addition, expression of the target ECM macromolecules is regulated by matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors to generate a concentration gradient at the interface to further propel epithelial-mesenchymal interactions so that nephrogenesis can proceed seamlessly. In this review, we discuss and update our current understanding of the role of the ECM and related macromolecules with respect to metanephric development.

    DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00157.2003

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • The role of adrenomedullin and receptors in glomerular hyperfiltration in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats Reviewed

    K Hiragushi, J Wada, J Eguchi, T Matsuoka, A Yasuhara, Hashimoto, I, T Yamashita, K Hida, Y Nakamura, K Shikata, N Minamino, K Kangawa, H Makino

    KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL   65 ( 2 )   540 - 550   2004.2

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING INC  

    Background. Since adrenomedullin (AM) elicits vasodilatation by binding to specific AM receptors consisted of calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR)/receptor-activity-modifying protein 2 (RAMP2) or CRLR/receptor-activity-modifying protein 3 (RAMP3) on endothelial cells and stimulating nitric oxide production, AM possibly involves in glomerular capillary dilatation in early phase of diabetic nephropathy.
    Methods. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats at 4 weeks after the injection were employed for expression studies of AM, RAPM2, and RAMP3. The measurement of AM peptide levels in kidney tissue, plasma, and urine was performed. Human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) were used to investigate functional link between glucose-induced AM production and nitric oxide release.
    Results. STZ rats showed glomerular hypertrophy and increased urinary NO2- and NO3- excretion. By Northern blot analyses, AM and RAPM2 mRNAs significantly increased in the kidneys of STZ rats, while RAMP3 mRNA was not altered. In STZ rats, AM peptide was actively secreted into urine (1280 +/- 360 fmol/day vs. control 110 +/- 36 fmol/day). AM peptide was mainly detected on cortical and medullary collecting duct cells in control rat kidneys and AM peptide and mRNA were up-regulated on afferent arterioles and glomeruli of STZ rats. RAMP2 expression was detected on afferent arterioles and not in glomeruli in control rats and it was up-regulated on glomerular endothelial cells in STZ rats. In HAEC culture, D-glucose stimulated AM and nitric oxide production and they were suppressed by addition of AM antisense oligodeoxynucleotides.
    Conclusion. Up-regulated expression of AM and RAMP2 in afferent arterioles and glomeruli may be related to selective dilatation of glomerular capillary in acute phase of type 1 diabetes.

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1755.2004.00407.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Cerebroside sulfotransferase deficiency ameliorates L-selectin-dependent monocyte infiltration in the kidney after ureteral obstruction Reviewed

    D Ogawa, K Shikata, K Honke, S Sato, M Matsuda, R Nagase, A Tone, S Okada, H Usui, J Wada, M Miyasaka, H Kawashima, Y Suzuki, T Suzuki, N Taniguchi, Y Hirahara, K Tadano-Aritomi, Ishizuka, I, TF Tedder, H Makino

    JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY   279 ( 3 )   2085 - 2090   2004.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC  

    Mononuclear cells infiltrating the interstitium are involved in renal tubulointerstitial injury. The unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) is an established experimental model of renal interstitial inflammation. In our previous study, we postulated that L-selectin on monocytes is involved in their infiltration into the interstitium by UUO and that a sulfated glycolipid, sulfatide, is the physiological L-selectin ligand in the kidney. Here we tested the above hypothesis using sulfatide-and L-selectin-deficient mice. Sulfatide-deficient mice were generated by gene targeting of the cerebroside sulfotransferase (Cst) gene. Although the L-selectin-IgG chimera protein specifically bound to sulfatide fraction in acidic lipids from wild-type kidney, it did not show such binding in fractions of Cst(-/-) mice kidney, indicating that sulfatide is the major L-selectin-binding glycolipid in the kidney. The distribution of L-selectin ligand in wildtype mice changed after UUO; sulfatide was relocated from the distal tubules to the peritubular capillaries where monocytes infiltrate, suggesting that sulfatide relocated to the endothelium after UUO interacted with L-selectin on monocytes. In contrast, L-selectin ligand was not detected in Cst(-/-) mice irrespective of UUO treatment. Compared with wild-type mice, Cst(-/-) mice showed a considerable reduction in the number of monocytes/macrophages that infiltrated the interstitium after UUO. The number of monocytes/macrophages was also reduced to a similar extent in L-selectin(-/-) mice. Our results suggest that sulfatide is a major L-selectin-binding molecule in the kidney and that the interaction between L-selectin and sulfatide plays a critical role in monocyte infiltration into the kidney interstitium.

    DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M305809200

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Multicentric Castleman's disease associated with glomerular microangiopathy and MPGN-like lesion: Does vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor play causative or protective roles in renal injury? Reviewed

    A Seida, J Wada, Y Morita, M Baba, J Eguchi, N Nishimoto, T Okino, K Ichimura, T Yoshino, H Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES   43 ( 1 )   2004.1

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:W B SAUNDERS CO  

    A 52-year-old Japanese man presented with fever spikes, generalized fatigue, anorexia, and anasarca. The patient was referred for the evaluation of fever of unknown origin in association with swelling of cervical, axillary, and inguinal lymph nodes. He also manifested nephrotic syndrome, acute renal failure, hepatosplenomegaly, massive pleural effusion, ascites, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and hypergammaglobulinemia. C-reactive protein was positive and plasma vascular endothelial cell-derived growth factor (VEGF) and serum interleukin-6 levels were markedly elevated. Lymph node biopsy results showed that findings were compatible with Castleman's disease of hyaline vascular type associated with interfollicular plasmacytosis. In conjunction with the clinical findings, a diagnosis of multicentric Castleman's disease was made. The patient underwent renal biopsy because of nephrotic syndrome, and the results showed proliferation of mesangial cells, lobulation of glomeruli, and tram track pattern of the capillary wall without immune complex deposition. Electron microscopy showed widening of the subendothelial space. No electron-dense deposits were present in both mesangial and subendothelial regions. Pathologic features were compatible with glomerular microangiopathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis-like lesions. With corticosteroid therapy, systemic symptoms disappeared; both VEGF and interleukin-6 levels were normalized, and he went into complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. In this article, the role VEGF plays in the pathogenesis of nephrotic syndrome and glomerular microangiopathy is discussed.

    DOI: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2003.09.023

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Intravenous vitamin D therapy reduces PTH-(1-84)/large C fragments ratio in chronic hemodialysis patients Reviewed

    T Kihara, H Ichikawa, H Morimoto, A Yano, S Akagi, K Nakao, H Kohmoto, J Wada, Kumagai, I, H Makino

    NEPHRON CLINICAL PRACTICE   98 ( 3 )   C93 - C100   2004

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:KARGER  

    Background: Renal osteodystrophy is one of the major complications in patients with chronic renal failure. Large C-PTH fragments are secreted from the parathyroid glands and exert antagonistic actions against PTH( 1 - 84). The PTH-(1 - 84)/ large C-PTH fragments ratio reflects both biosynthesis and processing of PTH; however the alteration of the ratio under vitamin D therapy has not been investigated. Methods: Seventeen hemodialysis patients with intact PTH levels of &gt; 300 pg/ml were enrolled. Calcitriol or maxacalcitol were administered intravenously for 78 weeks. Intact PTH, PTH-( 1 - 84), and the PTH-( 1 - 84)/ large C-PTH fragments ratio were measured at 0, 13, 26, 52 and 78 weeks. Results: Intact PTH and PTH-(1 - 84) levels, which were 492.0 +/- 115.7 and 303.4 +/- 105.4 pg/ml, respectively, at baseline, significantly decreased at the end of the study to 268.9 +/- 121.9 ( p &lt; 0.0001) and 190.7 +/- 106.9 pg/ml ( p = 0.0008), respectively. In contrast, large C-PTH fragments, which were 152.7 +/- 53.5 pg/ml at baseline, did not significantly change at 78 weeks (144.5 +/- 72.2 pg/ml, p = 0.7612). Consequently, the PTH-(1 - 84)/ large C-PTH fragments ratio was significantly reduced from 2.25 +/- 1.31 to 1.47 +/- 0.89 (p = 0.0004). Conclusion: The PTH-(1-84)/ large CPTH fragments ratio reflects the change of PTH biosynthesis, processing and secretion from the parathyroid glands, and it may be a beneficial marker to evaluate the overall biological PTH action and predict bone turnover status in hemodialysis patients under intravenous vitamin D therapy. Copyright (C) 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel.

    DOI: 10.1159/000080680

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Daily exercise lowers blood pressure and reduces visceral adipose tissue areas in overweight Japanese men Reviewed

    N Miyatake, K Takahashi, J Wada, H Nishikawa, A Morishita, H Suzuki, M Kunitomi, H Makino, S Kira, M Fujii

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   62 ( 3 )   149 - 157   2003.12

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    Objective: To investigate the link between a reduction in blood pressure (BP) and daily exercise. Design: Cross-sectional and longitudinal clinical intervention study with exercise education. Subjects: 43 overweight Japanese men aged 32-59 years (BMI, 29.0+/-2.3 kg/m(2)) at baseline. Among the participants, a randomly selected 23 overweight men (BMI, 28.5+/-1.7) were further enrolled into the 10 months exercise program. Measurements: BP was measured every week and steps per day were also recorded every day throughout the observation period. Fat distribution was evaluated by visceral fat (V) and subcutaneous fat (S) areas measured with computed tomography (CT) scanning at umbilical level, at before, 5 months and after intervention. Anthropometric parameters were also measured at same point. Aerobic exercise level, muscle strength, flexibility and calorie intake and insulin resistance (HOMA index) were investigated at before and after the study. Results: In a cross sectional analysis, systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were significantly correlated with body composition. In a second longitudinal analysis, SBP was significantly reduced at 2 months and DBP was also reduced at 3 months, and almost maintained until the end of the observation period. Increasing daily walking was observed in 3 months and maintained until 10 months. Body composition, aerobic exercise level, muscle strength, flexibility and insulin resistance were significantly improved. There was positive correlation between DeltaDBP and Deltavisceral fat area (1-5, 5-10, 1-10 months). By stepwise multiple regression analysis, only Deltavisceral fat area was independently related to DeltaDBP at a significant level (1-10 months: DeltaDBP=-0.608+0.105Deltavisceral fat area, r(2)=0.227, P=0.0334). Conclusion: The present study indicated daily exercise lowers BP and visceral fat area is the critical factor for BP change. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-8227(03)00176-1

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Serum bFGF levels are reduced in Japanese overweight men and restored by a 6-month exercise education Reviewed

    A Seida, J Wada, M Kunitomi, Y Tsuchiyama, N Miyatake, M Fujii, S Kira, K Takahashi, K Shikata, H Makino

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY   27 ( 11 )   1325 - 1331   2003.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the changes in vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor ( bFGF) concentrations before and after weight reduction in Japanese overweight men are associated with changes in body mass index (BMI), visceral, subcutaneous fat, VO2 and work rate (WR) at ventilatory threshold (VT).
    DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal clinical intervention study with exercise education.
    SUBJECTS: In total, 30 Japanese overweight men (BMI, 29.0 +/- 2.2 kg/m(2)) and 31 normal- weight men (BMI, 22.5 +/- 1.6 kg/m(2)) at baseline were enrolled: 30 overweight men (BMI, 29.0 +/- 2.2 kg/m(2)) were further enrolled into a 6-month exercise program.
    MEASUREMENTS: Fat distribution evaluated by visceral fat ( V) and subcutaneous fat ( S) areas measured with computed tomography scanning at umbilical levels, angiogenic peptides including VEGF and bFGF, exercise tests at baseline and after 6 months.
    RESULTS: In normal- weight and overweight subjects at baseline, VEGF positively correlated with S area (r = 0.350, P = 0.007) but not with V area. In contrast, bFGF negatively correlated with BMI (r = - 0.619, P&lt;0.001), S (r = - 0.457, P&lt;0.001) and V areas (r = -0.466, P&lt;0.001). By intervention with exercise education, 30 overweight subjects showed reduction in BMI (29.0 +/- 2.2 to 28.0 +/- 2.0, P&lt;0.001), V and S areas, increase in VO2 and WR at VT, increase in bFGF (9.21 +/- 5.82 - 21.2+/-7.04 ng/ ml, P&lt;0.001), and no change in VEGF (1.45 +/- 0.72 - 1.88 +/- 0.52 ng/ml, P = 0.016). The stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that &UDelta;BMI (&beta; = - 6.052) and &UDelta;VO2 (&beta; = 2.806) were independently related to &UDelta;bFGF (P&lt;0.001) and all other variables including DeltaS area, and DeltaV area, and DeltaWR did not enter the equation at significant levels.
    CONCLUSION: The present study indicated a negative correlation between serum bFGF levels and BMI at baseline as well as an association of DeltaBMI and DeltaVO(2) with DeltabFGF after exercise intervention. The exercise-induced elevation of bFGF may be beneficial in the prevention of the atherosclerosis in overweight subjects.

    DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802408

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy Reviewed

    J Wada, H Sugiyama, H Makino

    SEMINARS IN NEPHROLOGY   23 ( 6 )   556 - 563   2003.11

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:W B SAUNDERS CO  

    DOI: 10.1053/S0270-9295(03)00134-7

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Intercellular adhesion molecule-1-deficient mice are resistant against renal injury after induction of diabetes Reviewed

    S Okada, K Shikata, M Matsuda, D Ogawa, H Usui, Y Kido, R Nagase, J Wada, Y Shikata, H Makino

    DIABETES   52 ( 10 )   2586 - 2593   2003.10

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:AMER DIABETES ASSOC  

    Diabetic nephropathy is a leading cause of end-stage renal failure. Several mechanisms, including activation of protein kinase C, advanced glycation end products, and overexpression. of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, are believed to be involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. However, the significance of inflammatory processes in the pathogenesis of diabetic microvascular complications is poorly understood. Accumulation of macrophages and overexpression of leukocyte adhesion molecules and chemokines are prominent in diabetic human kidney tissues. We previously demonstrated that intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 mediates macrophage infiltration into the diabetic kidney. In the present study, to investigate the role of ICAM-1 in diabetic nephropathy, we induced diabetes in ICAM-1-deficient (ICAM-1(-/-)) mice and ICAM-1(+/+) mice with streptozotocin and examined the renal pathology over a period of 6 months. The infiltration of macrophages was markedly suppressed in diabetic ICAM-1(-/-) mice compared with that of ICAM-1(+/+) mice. Urinary albumin excretion, glomerular hypertrophy, and mesangial matrix expansion were significantly lower in diabetic ICAM-1(-/-) mice than in diabetic ICAM-1(+/+) mice. Moreover, expressions of TGF-beta and type IV collagen in glomeruli were also suppressed in diabetic ICAM-1(-/-) mice. These results suggest that ICAM-1 is critically involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.

    DOI: 10.2337/diabetes.52.10.2586

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Pelvic lymphocyst infection associated with maternally inherited diabetes mellitus Reviewed

    D Ogawa, K Shikata, M Matsuda, J Wada, H Uchida, M Asada, H Makino

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   61 ( 2 )   137 - 141   2003.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    A 45-year-old woman with 20-year history of diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital because of high fever and abdominal pain. Radical hysterectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy had been performed 4 months before admission for invasive cervical cancer. On admission, elastic hard tumors were palpable in the lower abdomen. Laboratory examination showed positive C-reactive protein (CRP), anemia and renal dysfunction. Computed tomography (CT) revealed several lymphocysts in the pelvis. She was diagnosed with infection of pelvic lymphocysts. Since her mother also had diabetes associated with deafness, we examined mitochondrial DNA in leukocytes and detected an A to G transition at the nucleotide position of 3243 (A3243G mutation). She was diagnosed as maternally inherited diabetes mellitus and deafness (MIDD). Puncture of the cysts followed by administration of antibiotics resulted in marked improvement of symptoms and laboratory findings. This is a rare case of pelvic lymphocyst infection in a patient with a mitochondrial disorder. Although the exact mechanism of infection is not clear, MIDD may represent an unusual risk factor for infection, and further investigation is necessary to assess the influence of mitochondrial dysfunction on the immune system. Pelvic lymphocyst infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain and fever in patients with MIDD after abdominal surgery. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-8227(03)00120-7

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Gene regulation of aldose-, aldehyde- and a renal specific oxido reductase (RSOR) in the pathobiology of diabetes mellitus Reviewed

    FR Danesh, J Wada, EI Wallner, A Sahai, SK Srivastava, YS Kanwar

    CURRENT MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY   10 ( 15 )   1399 - 1406   2003.8

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:BENTHAM SCIENCE PUBL LTD  

    Aldose-, aldehyde and renal specific oxido reductase (RSOR) belong to the family of aldo-keto reductases (AKRs). They are monomeric (alpha/beta)8-barrel proteins with a molecular weight ranging from 30 to 40 kDa, and at present include more than 60 members. Except for RSOR, they are expressed in a wide variety of animal and plant species and in various tissues. They catalyze NADPH-dependent reduction of various aliphatic and aromatic aldehyde and ketones. During the past three decades aldehyde reductase (AKR1A) and aldose reductase (AKR1B) have been extensively investigated, and the gene regulation of AKR1B has been noted to be heavily influenced by hyperglycemic state and high glucose ambience in various culture systems. AKR1B catalyzes the conversion of glucose to sorbitol in concert with a coenzyme, NADPH. The newly discovered RSOR has certain structural and functional similarities to AKR1B and seems to be relevant to the renal complications of diabetes mellitus. Like other AKRs, it has a NADPH binding motif, however, it is located at the N-terminus and it probably undergoes Winked glycosylation in order to achieve functional substrate specificity. Besides the AKR3 motif, it has very little nucleotide or protein sequence homology with other members of the AKR family. Nevertheless, gene regulation of RSOR, like AKR1B, is heavily modulated by carbonyl, oxidative and osmotic stresses, and thus it is anticipated that its discovery would lead to the development of new inhibitors as well as gene therapy targets to alleviate the complications of diabetes mellitus in the future.

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Remission and regression of diabetic nephropathy Reviewed

    H Makino, Y Nakamura, J Wada

    HYPERTENSION RESEARCH   26 ( 7 )   515 - 519   2003.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publisher:JAPANESE SOC HYPERTENSION CENT ACADEMIC SOC, PUBL OFFICE  

    Diabetic nephropathy has become the single largest cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Until recently, it was thought that once a patient developed overt proteinuria, diabetic nephropathy was irreversible and inevitably progressed to ESRD. However, the reversal of lesions caused by diabetic nephropathy (e.g., glomerular basement membrane thickening and mesangial matrix increase) has been demonstrated in a series of patients who underwent a pancreas transplantation 10 years prior to the reversal. Remission of nephrotic range proteinuria has also been reported in some patients with type 1 diabetes from the Collaborative Study Group during a median follow-up of 3 years of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor administration; no deterioration of renal function was observed in these patients. Remission and regression in nephropathy of type 1 diabetes patients have also been reported when blood pressure was controlled aggressively. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) preserved renal function and slowed the progression of nephropathy to ESRD in patients with type 2 diabetes. Since many patients with type 2 diabetes manifest with a metabolic syndrome, multifactorial intensive treatment is necessary; such treatment includes behavior modifications, dietary intervention, exercise, and smoking cessation. In this population, pharmacological therapy targeting hyperglycemia, hypertension (including ARB/ACE inhibitor), and hyperlipidemia in cases of type 2 diabetes is also necessary.

    DOI: 10.1291/hypres.26.515

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Glomerular cell apoptosis in human lupus nephritis Reviewed

    H Makino, H Sugiyama, Y Yamasaki, Y Maeshima, J Wada, N Kashihara

    VIRCHOWS ARCHIV   443 ( 1 )   67 - 77   2003.7

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:SPRINGER-VERLAG  

    Disturbed apoptosis is proposed to be involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the role of renal cell apoptosis in the pathogenesis and progression of human lupus nephritis is still controversial. We have investigated glomerular cell apoptosis and the clinicopathological relationship between apoptosis and immunoserological or histological findings in 22 patients with lupus nephritis using electron microscopy and the TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. Resident glomerular cells as well as infiltrating neutrophils undergoing apoptosis were observed in 12 of 20 patients with lupus nephritis using electron microscopy. TUNEL-positive cells were recognized in 93% of patients with diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis (class IV) in contrast to the 20% of patients with class V. The number of TUNEL-positive cells in glomeruli significantly correlated with the level of immunoserological activity of lupus, such as anti-double-stranded DNA autoantibody and consumption of plasma complement. There was a positive correlation between glomerular cell apoptosis and the degree of proliferation in lupus nephritis. These data suggest that apoptosis is increased, but not decreased in glomeruli from patients with lupus nephritis. The signals that could induce glomerular cell apoptosis in lupus nephritis will need to be identified.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00428-003-0827-x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Successful treatment of necrotizing fasciitis associated with diabetic nephropathy Reviewed

    D Ogawa, K Shikata, J Wada, M Matsuda, H Makino

    DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE   60 ( 3 )   213 - 216   2003.6

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    A 50-year-old woman with a 15-year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus was admitted to our hospital due to high fever and a skin lesion with severe pain, swelling and a sensation of heat in the right thigh. Laboratory examination showed elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), thrombocytopenia, nephrotic syndrome and renal dysfunction. Her blood glucose level had been well controlled. Streptococcus agalactiae was detected in both the skin lesion and blood culture, and pathological examination revealed neutrophil infiltration in the fascia and muscle layer. The patient was diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis, septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation. A combination therapy of antibiotics and suraical debridement resulted in the improvement of symptoms as supported by laboratory findings, and the skin lesion also showed improvement. Although group A streptococcus is well known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of necrotizing fasciitis, only S. agalacticie, belonging to group B streptococcus, was isolated from the tissue and blood cultures in this case. Although this organism is not virulent and rarely causes a necrotizing fasciitis, both the superficial fascial layer and underlying muscle were affected in this case. There have been only a few reports of necrotizing fasciitis due to S. agalactiae in patients with diabetes mellitus. Although the blood glucose level was well controlled in our patient, this disease might be caused by other factors, including diminished sense of touch and pain, abnormality of microcirculation and hypogammaglobulinemia due to nephrotic syndrome. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0168-8227(03)00034-2

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Imprinted mesodermal specific transcript (MEST) and H19 genes in renal development and diabetes Reviewed

    YS Kanwar, XM Pan, S Lin, A Kumar, J Wada, CS Haas, G Liau, JW Lomasney

    KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL   63 ( 5 )   1658 - 1670   2003.5

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING INC  

    Background. Imprinted genes, mesodermal specific cDNA or transcript (MEST) and H19, are implicated in peri-implantation embryogenesis, and their expression was assessed in embryonic kidneys undergoing glucose-induced dysmorphogenesis.
    Methods. MEST and H19 mRNA expression was assessed by Northern blot analysis in embryonic kidneys of mice harvested at day 15 to day 19 of gestation and of 1-week-old mice obtained from hyperglycemic mothers. A full-length mouse MEST cDNA was isolated, subcloned into an expression vector, a recombinant protein prepared and an antibody raised; the latter was used to assess protein expression by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence microscopy in day 13 metanephric explants subjected to high glucose ambience. Also, MEST mRNA expression was assessed in high d glucose-treated explants by competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses and by in situ tissue autoradiography.
    Results. A high expression of MEST and H19 with respective transcript size of similar to2.7 and similar to2.4 kb was observed in fetal kidneys, and their expression decreased during the successive stages of gestation and was undetectable in the postnatal period. At day 13, the MEST mRNA was expressed in the mesenchyme, while H19 was expressed in the ureteric bud branches and epithelial elements of the metanephros. Their expression decreased with progression of gestation. By competitive RT-PCR and Northern blot and in situ autoradiographic analyses, both MEST and H19 expressions decreased in day 13 explants treated with high glucose and in the kidneys of fetuses obtained from diabetic mothers. The MEST protein expression was observed in the metanephric epithelial elements and ureteric bud branches instead of in the mesenchyme, and its expression decreased in glucose-treated dysmorphogenetic explants, as assessed by immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation methods.
    Conclusion. MEST and H19 imprinted genes are strategically located in the mammalian embryonic metanephros. They are developmentally regulated and their concomitant decreased expression in high glucose ambience or diabetic state did not follow the prevailing dogma of reciprocal inactivation/activation of imprinted genes, and such a decrease may be responsible for the perturbed epithelial:mesenchymal interactions leading to dysmorphogenesis of the mammalian metanephros.

    DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00905.x

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • Perturbation of autocrine/paracrine loops of burst-forming units of erythroid-derived cells in rHuEPO-hyporesponsive hemodialysis patients Reviewed

    K Nakao, J Wada, K Ota, H Ichikawa, S Akagi, A Okamoto, K Hida, Y Nagake, H Makino

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES   41 ( 3 )   624 - 636   2003.3

     More details

    Language:English   Publishing type:Research paper (scientific journal)   Publisher:W B SAUNDERS CO  

    Background: Quantitative or qualitative abnormalities of erythroid progenitors in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) could be the major factor for recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) hyporesponsiveness and severe anemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients receiving rHuEPO therapy. Methods Purified 1 x 10(4) circulating CD34(+) cells isolated from rHuEPO-hyporesponsive HD patients (EPO-H; n = 10), rHuEPO-responsive non-HD patients with CRF (EPO-R; n = 8), nonanemic HD patients without rHuEPO therapy (EPO-W/O; n = 10), and healthy volunteer controls (CON; n = 10) were subjected to a methylcellulose culture system supplemented with rHuEPO, recombinant human interleukin-3 (IL-3), recombinant human stem cell factor (SCF), and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for 14 days. Results: The average number of burst-forming units of erythroids (BFU-Es) was significantly less in the EPO-H group compared with the CON and EPO-W/O groups. Furthermore, colony size also was significantly smaller in the EPO-H group. Total RNAs were extracted from approximately 100 colonies/patient and subjected to complementary DNA expression array studies of 268 growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, and their receptors. A characteristic cluster upregulated in the EPO-R and EPO-W/O groups and downregulated in the EPO-H group was identified that contained various cytokines and growth factors, including IL-6, GM-CSF, vascular endothelial growth factor 13, IL-9, IL-3, leukemia inhibitory factor, and interferon alpha-2, and such receptors as thrombopoietin receptor, IL-9 receptor, and colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor. Conclusion: These data suggest that the cross-talk network or autocrine/paracrine regulatory loop is critically impaired in BFU-E-derived cells in EPO-H patients, and investigation of these cluster genes would facilitate the development of novel therapeutic strategies for such patients.

    DOI: 10.1053/ajkd.2003.50124

    Web of Science

    researchmap

  • HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor ameliorates diabetic nephropathy by its pleiotropic effects in rats Reviewed

    H Usui, K Shikata, M Matsuda, S Okada, D Ogawa, T Yamashita, K Hida, M Satoh, J Wada, H Makino

    NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION   18 ( 2 )   265 - 272   2003.2