2021/12/16 更新

写真a

クボタ サトシ
久保田 聡
KUBOTA Satoshi
所属
医歯薬学域 教授
職名
教授
外部リンク

学位

  • 京都大学医学博士 ( 京都大学 )

  • 歯学士 ( 大阪大学 )

研究キーワード

  • 軟骨

  • RNA

  • CCNファミリー遺伝子

  • HIV

  • cartilage

  • nulceus

  • RNA

  • 遺伝子発現制御

  • レトロウイルス

  • CCN family

研究分野

  • ライフサイエンス / 医化学

  • ライフサイエンス / 分子生物学

  • ライフサイエンス / 常態系口腔科学

学歴

  • 京都大学    

    - 1990年

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    国名: 日本国

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  • 京都大学   Graduate School, Division of Medicine   Laboratory of Human Tumor Viruses

    - 1990年

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  • 大阪大学   Faculty of Dentistry  

    - 1986年

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  • 大阪大学   School of Dentistry   School of Dentistry

    - 1986年

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    国名: 日本国

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経歴

  • 岡山大学   大学院医歯薬学総合研究科   副研究科長

    2020年4月 - 現在

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  • 日本学術振興会   学術システム研究センター   専門研究員

    2020年4月 - 現在

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  • 大阪大学   歯学部   非常勤講師

    2016年10月 - 現在

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  • 岡山大学   歯学部   副学部長

    2016年4月 - 2020年3月

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  • 岡山大学   大学院医歯薬学総合研究科   教授

    2014年6月 - 現在

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  • 岡山大学   大学院医歯薬学総合研究科   准教授

    2004年 - 2014年

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所属学協会

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委員歴

  • 日本学術振興会 学術システム研究センター   専門研究員  

    2020年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:政府

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  • 日本生化学会   代議員  

    2017年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本軟骨代謝学会   理事  

    2017年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

    日本軟骨代謝学会

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  • 日本生化学会   評議員  

    2015年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 日本骨代謝学会   評議員  

    2015年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 歯科基礎医学会   代議員  

    2015年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

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  • 岡山歯学会   理事  

    2014年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

    岡山歯学会

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  • International CCN Society   評議員  

    2013年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

    International CCN Society

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  • 日本CCNファミリー研究会   世話人  

    2000年 - 現在   

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    団体区分:学協会

    日本CCNファミリー研究会

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論文

  • Effect of cellular communication network factor 2/connective tissue growth factor on tube formation by endothelial cells derived from human periodontal ligaments. 査読 国際誌

    Hiroko Takeuchi-Igarashi, Toshiaki Tachibana, Etsuko Murakashi, Satoshi Kubota, Yukihiro Numabe

    Archives of Oral Biology   132   105279   2021年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    OBJECTIVES: To clarify the role of cellular communication network factor 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) in periodontal tissue regeneration by investigating, the proliferative and tubulogenic responses of human endothelial cells obtained from the periodontal ligament to CCN2/CTGF. DESIGN: Endothelial cells were seeded on agar gel medium with or without 50 ng/mL recombinant CCN2/CTGF (rCCN2/CTGF) and cultured for 6 h. Cells were morphologically and phenotypically analyzed by immunofluorescent microscopy. A colorimetric assay was used to evaluate cell proliferation, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used for ultrastructural analysis. RESULTS: The proliferation of endothelial cells was best promoted by rCCN2/CTGF at 50 ng/mL. In the control group, tube formation was not observed within 6 h. In contrast, endothelial cells seeded on the agar with 50 ng/mL rCCN2/CTGF clearly showed proliferation with network formation. Under a two-dimensional culture condition, a dense network of endothelial cells was not constructed on the plastic bottom. However, drastic morphological change was observed in the endothelial cells on the agar containing rCCN2/CTGF. The endothelial cells in the dense network were interconnected with each other and showed a tube-like structure. Tight junctions or adherens junctions were observed between the adjoining endothelial cells in the dense network. CONCLUSIONS: CCN2/CTGF was found to promote the proliferation and tubulogenesis of endothelial cells from the periodontal ligament. These results suggest that CCN2/CTGF may contribute to the regeneration of damaged periodontal tissue by activating the remaining endothelial cells.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2021.105279

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  • RFX1‐mediated CCN3 induction that may support chondrocyte survival under starved conditions 査読

    Tomomi Mizukawa, Takashi Nishida, Sho Akashi, Kazumi Kawata, Sumire Kikuchi, Harumi Kawaki, Masaharu Takigawa, Hiroshi Kamioka, Satoshi Kubota

    Journal of Cellular Physiology   236   6884 - 6896   2021年10月

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    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/jcp.30348

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    その他リンク: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/jcp.30348

  • Odontoblast differentiation is regulated by an interplay between primary cilia and the canonical Wnt pathway. 査読 国際誌

    Kazumi Kawata, Keishi Narita, Ayako Washio, Chiaki Kitamura, Tatsuji Nishihara, Satoshi Kubota, Sen Takeda

    Bone   150   116001   2021年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Primary cilium is a protruding cellular organelle that has various physiological functions, especially in sensory reception. While an avalanche of reports on primary cilia have been published, the function of primary cilia in dental cells remains to be investigated. In this study, we focused on the function of primary cilia in dentin-producing odontoblasts. Odontoblasts, like most other cell types, possess primary cilia, which disappear upon the knockdown of intraflagellar transport protein 88. In cilia-depleted cells, the expression of dentin sialoprotein, an odontoblastic marker, was elevated, while the deposition of minerals was slowed. This was recapitulated by the activation of canonical Wnt pathway, also decreased the ratio of ciliated cells. In dental pulp cells, as they differentiated into odontoblasts, the ratio of ciliated cells was increased, whereas the canonical Wnt signaling activity was repressed. Our results collectively underscore the roles of primary cilia in regulating odontoblastic differentiation through canonical Wnt signaling. This study implies the existence of a feedback loop between primary cilia and the canonical Wnt pathway.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2021.116001

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  • Effect of Angiotensin II on Chondrocyte Degeneration and Protection via Differential Usage of Angiotensin II Receptors. 招待 査読 国際誌

    Takashi Nishida, Sho Akashi, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota

    International Journal of Molecular Sciences   22 ( 17 )   9204   2021年8月

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    担当区分:最終著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) controls not only systemic functions, such as blood pressure, but also local tissue-specific events. Previous studies have shown that angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1R) and type 2 (AT2R), two RAS components, are expressed in chondrocytes. However, the angiotensin II (ANG II) effects exerted through these receptors on chondrocyte metabolism are not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of ANG II and AT1R blockade on chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. Firstly, we observed that ANG II significantly suppressed cell proliferation and glycosaminoglycan content in rat chondrocytic RCS cells. Additionally, ANG II decreased CCN2, which is an anabolic factor for chondrocytes, via increased MMP9. In Agtr1a-deficient RCS cells generated by the CRISPR-Cas9 system, Ccn2 and Aggrecan (Acan) expression increased. Losartan, an AT1R antagonist, blocked the ANG II-induced decrease in CCN2 production and Acan expression in RCS cells. These findings suggest that AT1R blockade reduces ANG II-induced chondrocyte degeneration. Interestingly, AT1R-positive cells, which were localized on the surface of the articular cartilage of 7-month-old mice expanded throughout the articular cartilage with aging. These findings suggest that ANG II regulates age-related cartilage degeneration through the ANG II-AT1R axis.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms22179204

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  • UCP1 expression in the mouse adrenal gland is not upregulated by thermogenic conditions. 査読 国際誌

    Hirofumi Fujita, Munenori Habuta, Takako Hattori, Satoshi Kubota, Hiromi Kumon, Hideyo Ohuchi

    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications   566   184 - 189   2021年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) gene is known to be highly expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT) that functions in thermogenesis. It has been shown that UCP1 mRNA is localized to the mouse adrenal gland, but its significance remains elusive. To explore how UCP1 expression in the adrenal gland is regulated, we generated a reporter knock-in mouse in which the GFP gene was inserted into the UCP1 locus using CRISPR-Cas9 system. Firstly, we confirmed by Western blot analysis UCP1-driven GFP protein expression in interscapular BAT of the knock-in mice kept at 4 °C. Immunohistochemistry showed that GFP protein was detected in the adrenal gland of the knock-in mice. More intense GFP expression was observed in the adrenal medulla than in the cortex of the reporter mice irrespectively of cold exposure. Immunohistochemistry using anti-UCP1 antibody, as well as Western blot analysis verified UCP1 protein expression in the wild-type adrenal medulla. These results suggest that the mouse adrenal gland is a novel organ expressing UCP1 protein and its expression is not upregulated by cold exposure.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2021.06.013

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  • Cellular communication network factor 3 in cartilage development and maintenance. 招待 査読 国際誌

    Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Bernard Perbal, Kazumi Kawata, Takako Hattori, Takashi Nishida

    Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling   in press   2021年6月

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    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Cellular communication network factor (CCN) 3 is one of the classical members of the CCN family, which are characterized by common molecular structures and multiple functionalities. Although this protein was discovered as a gene product overexpressed in a truncated form in nephroblastoma, recent studies have revealed its physiological roles in the development and homeostasis of mammalian species, in addition to its pathological association with a number of diseases. Cartilage is a tissue that creates most of the bony parts and cartilaginous tissues that constitute the human skeleton, in which CCN3 is also differentially produced to exert its molecular missions therein. In this review article, after the summary of the molecular structure and function of CCN3, recent findings on the regulation of ccn3 expression and the roles of CCN3 in endochondral ossification, cartilage development, maintenance and disorders are introduced with an emphasis on the metabolic regulation and function of this matricellular multifunctional molecule.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-021-00629-z

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  • Bipartite regulation of cellular communication network factor 2 and fibroblast growth factor 1 genes by fibroblast growth factor 1 through histone deacetylase 1 and fork head box protein A1 査読

    Elseoudi A, Nishida T, Mizukawa T, Hattori T, Kawata K, ·Taha E, Takigawa M, Kubota S

    Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling   15   81 - 91   2021年3月

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    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語  

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  • Suppression of adipocyte differentiation by low‐intensity pulsed ultrasound via inhibition of insulin signaling and promotion of CCN family protein 2 査読

    Takashi Nishida, Yurika Nagao, Satoko Hashitani, Nobuyasu Yamanaka, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota

    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry   121 ( 12 )   4724 - 4740   2020年12月

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    担当区分:最終著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/jcb.29680

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    その他リンク: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/jcb.29680

  • Roles of CCN2 as a mechano-sensing regulator of chondrocyte differentiation 招待 査読

    Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota

    Japanese Dental Science Review   56 ( 1 )   119 - 126   2020年11月

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    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier BV  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdsr.2020.07.001

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  • CCN3 (NOV) drives degradative changes in aging articular cartilage 査読

    Miho Kuwahara, Koichi Kadoya, Sei Kondo, Shanqi Fu, Yoshiko Miyake, Ayako Ogo, Mitsuaki Ono, Takayuki Furumatsu, Eiji Nakata, Takako Sasaki, Shogo Minagi, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota, Takako Hattori

    International Journal of Molecular Sciences   21 ( 20 )   7556   2020年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI AG  

    Aging is a major risk factor of osteoarthritis, which is characterized by the degeneration of articular cartilage. CCN3, a member of the CCN family, is expressed in cartilage and has various physiological functions during chondrocyte development, differentiation, and regeneration. Here, we examine the role of CCN3 in cartilage maintenance. During aging, the expression of Ccn3 mRNA in mouse primary chondrocytes from knee cartilage increased and showed a positive correlation with p21 and p53 mRNA. Increased accumulation of CCN3 protein was confirmed. To analyze the effects of CCN3 in vitro, either primary cultured human articular chondrocytes or rat chondrosarcoma cell line (RCS) were used. Artificial senescence induced by H2O2 caused a dose-dependent increase in Ccn3 gene and CCN3 protein expression, along with enhanced expression of p21 and p53 mRNA and proteins, as well as SA-β gal activity. Overexpression of CCN3 also enhanced p21 promoter activity via p53. Accordingly, the addition of recombinant CCN3 protein to the culture increased the expression of p21 and p53 mRNAs. We have produced cartilage-specific CCN3-overexpressing transgenic mice, and found degradative changes in knee joints within two months. Inflammatory gene expression was found even in the rib chondrocytes of three-month-old transgenic mice. Similar results were observed in human knee articular chondrocytes from patients at both mRNA and protein levels. These results indicate that CCN3 is a new senescence marker of chondrocytes, and the overexpression of CCN3 in cartilage may in part promote chondrocyte senescence, leading to the degeneration of articular cartilage through the induction of p53 and p21.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21207556

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  • Regulation of cellular communication network factor 2 (CCN2) in breast cancer cells via the cell-type dependent interplay between CCN2 and glycolysis 査読

    Sho Akashi, Takashi Nishida, Tomomi Mizukawa, Kazumi Kawata, Masaharu Takigawa, Seiji Iida, Satoshi Kubota

    Journal of Oral Biosciences   62 ( 3 )   280 - 288   2020年9月

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    担当区分:最終著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Elsevier BV  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.job.2020.07.001

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  • CTGF/CCN2 facilitates LRP4‐mediated formation of the embryonic neuromuscular junction 査読 国際誌

    Bisei Ohkawara, Akinori Kobayakawa, Shunsuke Kanbara, Takako Hattori, Satoshi Kubota, Mikako Ito, Akio Masuda, Masaharu Takigawa, Karen M Lyons, Naoki Ishiguro, Kinji Ohno

    EMBO Reports   21 ( 8 )   e48462   2020年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:EMBO  

    At the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), lipoprotein-related receptor 4 (LRP4) mediates agrin-induced MuSK phosphorylation that leads to clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in the postsynaptic region of the skeletal muscle. Additionally, the ectodomain of LRP4 is necessary for differentiation of the presynaptic nerve terminal. However, the molecules regulating LRP4 have not been fully elucidated yet. Here, we show that the CT domain of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) directly binds to the third beta-propeller domain of LRP4. CTGF/CCN2 enhances the binding of LRP4 to MuSK and facilitates the localization of LRP4 on the plasma membrane. CTGF/CCN2 enhances agrin-induced MuSK phosphorylation and AChR clustering in cultured myotubes. Ctgf-deficient mouse embryos (Ctgf-/- ) have small AChR clusters and abnormal dispersion of synaptic vesicles along the motor axon. Ultrastructurally, the presynaptic nerve terminals have reduced numbers of active zones and mitochondria. Functionally, Ctgf-/- embryos exhibit impaired NMJ signal transmission. These results indicate that CTGF/CCN2 interacts with LRP4 to facilitate clustering of AChRs at the motor endplate and the maturation of the nerve terminal.

    DOI: 10.15252/embr.201948462

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    その他リンク: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.15252/embr.201948462

  • Hypoxic induction of CCN2 mRNA through p38 MAP kinase activation in the human chondrosarcoma‐derived cell line, HCS‐2/8 査読

    Aya Yoshino, Shiho Hashiguchi, Ryosuke Mano, Seiji Kondo, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    Oral Science International   18   35 - 39   2020年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Wiley  

    DOI: 10.1002/osi2.1076

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    その他リンク: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full-xml/10.1002/osi2.1076

  • Knockout of MMP3 Weakens Solid Tumor Organoids and Cancer Extracellular Vesicles 査読 国際誌

    Eman Taha, Chiharu Sogawa, Yuka Okusha, Hotaka Kawai, May Oo, Abdellatif Elseoudi, Yanyin Lu, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Satoshi Kubota, Ayano Satoh, Kuniaki Okamoto, Takanori Eguchi

    Cancers   12 ( 5 )   1260   2020年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI AG  

    The tumor organoid (tumoroid) model in three-dimensional (3D) culture systems has been developed to reflect more closely the in vivo tumors than 2D-cultured tumor cells. Notably, extracellular vesicles (EVs) are efficiently collectible from the culture supernatant of gel-free tumoroids. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 3 is a multi-functional factor playing crucial roles in tumor progression. However, roles of MMP3 within tumor growth and EVs have not unveiled. Here, we investigated the protumorigenic roles of MMP3 on integrities of tumoroids and EVs. We generated MMP3-knockout (KO) cells using the CRISPR/Cas9 system from rapidly metastatic LuM1 tumor cells. Moreover, we established fluorescent cell lines with palmitoylation signal-fused fluorescent proteins (tdTomato and enhanced GFP). Then we confirmed the exchange of EVs between cellular populations and tumoroids. LuM1-tumoroids released large EVs (200–1000 nm) and small EVs (50–200 nm) while the knockout of MMP3 resulted in the additional release of broken EVs from tumoroids. The loss of MMP3 led to a significant reduction in tumoroid size and the development of the necrotic area within tumoroids. MMP3 and CD9 (a category-1 EV marker tetraspanin protein) were significantly down-regulated in MMP3-KO cells and their EV fraction. Moreover, CD63, another member of the tetraspanin family, was significantly reduced only in the EVs fractions of the MMP3-KO cells compared to their counterpart. These weakened phenotypes of MMP3-KO were markedly rescued by the addition of MMP3-rich EVs or conditioned medium (CM) collected from LuM1-tumoroids, which caused a dramatic rise in the expression of MMP3, CD9, and Ki-67 (a marker of proliferating cells) in the MMP3-null/CD9-low tumoroids. Notably, MMP3 enriched in tumoroids-derived EVs and CM deeply penetrated recipient MMP3-KO tumoroids, resulting in a remarkable enlargement of solid tumoroids, while MMP3-null EVs did not. These data demonstrate that EVs can mediate molecular transfer of MMP3, resulting in increasing the proliferation and tumorigenesis, indicating crucial roles of MMP3 in tumor progression.

    DOI: 10.3390/cancers12051260

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  • Roles of Interaction between CCN2 and Rab14 in Aggrecan Production by Chondrocytes. 招待 査読 国際誌

    Mitsuhiro Hoshijima, Takako Hattori, Eriko Aoyama, Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Hiroshi Kamioka, Masaharu Takigawa

    International Journal of Molecular Sciences   21 ( 8 )   2769   2020年4月

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    記述言語:英語  

    To identify proteins that cooperate with cellular communication network factor 2 (CCN2), we carried out GAL4-based yeast two-hybrid screening using a cDNA library derived from the chondrocytic cell line HCS-2/8. Rab14 GTPase (Rab14) polypeptide was selected as a CCN2-interactive protein. The interaction between CCN2 and Rab14 in HCS-2/8 cells was confirmed using the in situ proximity ligation assay. We also found that CCN2 interacted with Rab14 through its IGFBP-like domain among the four domains in CCN2 protein. To detect the colocalization between CCN2 and Rab14 in the cells in detail, CCN2, wild-type Rab14 (Rab14WT), a constitutive active form (Rab14CA), and a dominant negative form (Rab14DN) of Rab14 were overexpressed in monkey kidney-tissue derived COS7 cells. Ectopically overexpressed Rab14 showed a diffuse cytosolic distribution in COS7 cells; however, when Rab14WT was overexpressed with CCN2, the Rab14WT distribution changed to dots that were evenly distributed within the cytosol, and both Rab14 and CCN2 showed clear colocalization. When Rab14CA was overexpressed with CCN2, Rab14CA and CCN2 also showed good localization as dots, but their distribution was more widespread within cytosol. The coexpression of Rab14DN and CCN2 also showed a dotted codistribution but was more concentrated in the perinuclear area. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the reduction in RAB14 or CCN2 mRNA by their respective siRNA significantly enhanced the expression of ER stress markers, BIP and CHOP mRNA in HCS-2/8 chondrocytic cells, suggesting that ER and Golgi stress were induced by the inhibition of membrane vesicle transfer via the suppression of CCN2 or Rab14. Moreover, to study the effect of the interaction between CCN2 and its interactive protein Rab14 on proteoglycan synthesis, we overexpressed Rab14WT or Rab14CA or Rab14DN in HCS-2/8 cells and found that the overexpression of Rab14DN decreased the extracellular proteoglycan accumulation more than the overexpression of Rab14WT/CA did in the chondrocytic cells. These results suggest that intracellular CCN2 is associated with Rab14 on proteoglycan-containing vesicles during their transport from the Golgi apparatus to endosomes in chondrocytes and that this association may play a role in proteoglycan secretion by chondrocytes.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21082769

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  • Retrotransposons Manipulating Mammalian Skeletal Development in Chondrocytes 招待 査読 国際誌

    Satoshi Kubota, Takanori Ishikawa, Kazumi Kawata, Takako Hattori, Takashi Nishida

    International Journal of Molecular Sciences   21 ( 5 )   1564 - 1564   2020年2月

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    担当区分:筆頭著者, 責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MDPI AG  

    Retrotransposons are genetic elements that copy and paste themselves in the host genome through transcription, reverse-transcription, and integration processes. Along with their proliferation in the genome, retrotransposons inevitably modify host genes around the integration sites, and occasionally create novel genes. Even now, a number of retrotransposons are still actively editing our genomes. As such, their profound role in the evolution of mammalian genomes is obvious; thus, their contribution to mammalian skeletal evolution and development is also unquestionable. In mammals, most of the skeletal parts are formed and grown through a process entitled endochondral ossification, in which chondrocytes play central roles. In this review, current knowledge on the evolutional, physiological, and pathological roles of retrotransposons in mammalian chondrocyte differentiation and cartilage development is summarized. The possible biological impact of these mobile genetic elements in the future is also discussed.

    DOI: 10.3390/ijms21051564

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  • Roles of matricellular CCN2 deposited by osteocytes in osteoclastogenesis and osteoblast differentiation 査読

    Nishida T, Kubota S, Yokoi H, Mukoyama M, Takigawa M

    Sci Rep   9   10913   2019年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-47285-3

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  • Possible reparative effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on injured meniscus. 査読

    Kamatsuki Y, Aoyama E, Furumatsu T, Miyazawa S, Maehara A, Yamanaka N, Nishida T, Kubota S, Ozaki T, Takigawa M

    J Cell Commun Signal   13   193 - 207   2019年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • CCN2/CTGF binds the small leucine rich proteoglycan protein Tsukushi 査読

    Ohta K, Aoyama E, Ahmad SAI, Ito N, Anam MB, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    J Cell Commun Signal   13   113 - 118   2019年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • The BMP-2 mutant L51P: a BMP receptor IA binding-deficient inhibitor of noggin 査読

    Khattab HM, Kubota S, Takigawa M, Kuboki T, Sebald W

    J Bone Miner Metab   37 ( 2 )   199 - 205   2019年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/s00774-018-0925-0

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  • Circadian production of melatonin in cartilage modifies rhythmic gene expression. 査読

    Fu S, Kuwahara M, Uchida Y, Koudo S, Hayashi D, Shimomura Y, Takagaki A, Nishida T, Maruyama Y, Ikegame M, Hattori A, Kubota S, Hattori T

    J Endocrinol   241   161 - 173   2019年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1530/joe-19-0022

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  • New Functions of Classical Compounds against Orofacial Inflammatory Lesions 招待 査読

    Norifumi H. Moritani, Emilio Hara, Satoshi Kubota

    Medicines   5 ( 4 )   E118   2018年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.3390/medicines5040118

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  • Commensal Microbiota Enhance Both Osteoclast and Osteoblast Activities 査読 国際誌

    Uchida Y, Irie K, Fukuhara D, Kataoka K, Hattori T, Ono M, Ekuni D, Kubota S, Morita M

    Molecules. 2018 Jun 23;23(7)   23 ( 7 )   E1517   2018年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.3390/molecules23071517

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  • Physiological role of urothelial cancer-associated one long noncoding RNA in human skeletogenic cell differentiation. 査読 国際誌

    Takanori Ishikawa, Takashi Nishida, Mitsuaki Ono, Takeshi Takarada, Ha Thi Nguyen, Shinnosuke Kurihara, Takayuki Furumatsu, Yurika Murase, Masaharu Takigawa, Toshitaka Oohashi, Hiroshi Kamioka, Satoshi Kubota

    Journal of Cellular Physiology   233 ( 6 )   4825 - 4840   2018年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    A vast number of long-noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) are found expressed in human cells, which RNAs have been developed along with human evolution. However, the physiological functions of these lncRNAs remain mostly unknown. In the present study, we for the first time uncovered the fact that one of such lncRNAs plays a significant role in the differentiation of chondrocytes and, possibly, of osteoblasts differentiated from mesenchymal stem cells, which cells eventually construct the human skeleton. The urothelial cancer-associated 1 (UCA1) lncRNA is known to be associated with several human malignancies. Firstly, we confirmed that UCA1 was expressed in normal human chondrocytes, as well as in a human chondrocytic cell line; whereas it was not detected in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). Of note, although UCA1 expression was undetectable in hBMSCs, it was markedly induced along with the differentiation toward chondrocytes, suggesting its critical role in chondrogenesis. Consistent with this finding, silencing of the UCA1 gene significantly repressed the expression of chondrogenic genes in human chondrocytic cells. UCA1 gene silencing and hyper-expression also had a significant impact on the osteoblastic phenotype in a human cell line. Finally, forced expression of UCA1 in a murine chondrocyte precursor, which did not possess a UCA1 gene, overdrove its differentiation into chondrocytes. These results indicate a physiological and important role of this lncRNA in the skeletal development of humans, who require more sustained endochondral ossification and osteogenesis than do smaller vertebrates.

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  • Metabolic regulation of the CCN family genes by glycolysis in chondrocytes 招待 査読

    Sho Akashi, Takashi Nishida, Abdellatif El-Seoudi, Masaharu Takigawa, Seiji Iida, Satoshi Kubota

    Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling   12 ( 1 )   245 - 252   2018年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Springer Netherlands  

    The CCN family consists of 6 genes in the mammalian genome and produces multifunctional proteins involved in a variety of biological processes. Recent reports indicate the profound roles of CCN2 in energy metabolism in chondrocytes, and Ccn2 deficiency is known to alter the expression of 2 other family members including Ccn3. However, almost nothing is known concerning the regulation of the CCN family genes by energy metabolism. In order to gain insight into this critical issue, we initially and comprehensively evaluated the effect of inhibition of glycolysis on the expression of all of the CCN family genes in chondrocytic cells. Upon the inhibition of a glycolytic enzyme, repression of CCN2 expression was observed, whereas CCN3 expression was conversely induced. Similar repression of CCN2 was conferred by the inhibition of aerobic ATP production, which, however, did not induce CCN3 expression. In contrast, glucose starvation significantly enhanced the expression of CCN3 in those cells. The results of a reporter gene assay using a molecular construct containing a CCN3 proximal promoter revealed a dose-dependent induction of the CCN3 promoter activity by the glycolytic inhibitor in chondrocytic cells. These results unveiled a critical role of glycolytic activity in the regulation of CCN2 and CCN3, which activity mediated the mutual regulation of these 2 major CCN family members in chondrocytes.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-017-0420-8

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  • Novel role of CCN3 that maintains the differentiated phenotype of articular cartilage

    Danilo Janune, Tarek Abd El Kader, Eriko Aoyama, Takashi Nishida, Yasuhiko Tabata, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL METABOLISM   35 ( 6 )   582 - 597   2017年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER JAPAN KK  

    Knowledge of the microenvironment of articular cartilage in health and disease is the key to accomplishing fundamental disease-modifying treatments for osteoarthritis. The proteins comprising the CCN Family are matricellular proteins with a remarkable relevance within the context of cartilage metabolism. CCN2 displays a great capability for regenerating articular cartilage, and CCN3 has been shown to activate the expression of genes related to articular chondrocytes and to repress genes related to endochondral ossification in epiphyseal chondrocytes. Moreover, mice lacking CCN3 protein have been shown to display ostearthritic changes in their knee articular cartilage. In this study, we employed a monoiodoacetic acid (MIA)-induced osteoarthritic model to investigate whether osteoarthritic changes in the cartilage are reciprocally accompanied by CCN3 down-regulation and an inducible overexpression system to evaluate the effects of CCN3 on articular chondrocytes in vitro. Finally, we also investigated the effects of exogenous CCN3 in vivo during the early stages of MIA-induced osteoarthritis. We discovered that CCN3 is expressed by articular chondrocytes in normal rat knees, whereas it is rapidly down-regulated in osteoarthritic knees. In vitro, we also discovered that CCN3 increases the proteoglycan accumulation, the gene expression of type II collagen, tenascin-C and lubricin, as well as the protein production of tenascin-C and lubricin in articular chondrocytes. In vivo, it was discovered that exogenous CCN3 increased tidemark integrity and produced an increased production of lubricin protein. The potential utility of CCN3 as a future therapeutic agent and possible strategies to improve its therapeutic functions are also discussed.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00774-016-0793-4

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  • A Tumor Suppressor Gene Product, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor-Like Protein Controls Chondrocyte Proliferation and Differentiation

    Kazumi Kawata, Satoshi Kubota, Takanori Eguchi, Eriko Aoyama, Norifumi H. Moritani, Morihiko Oka, Harumi Kawaki, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   118 ( 11 )   4033 - 4044   2017年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY  

    The platelet-derived growth factor receptor-like (PDGFRL) gene is regarded as a tumor suppressor gene. However, nothing is known about the molecular function of PDGFRL. In this study, we initially clarified its function in chondrocytes. Among all cell lines examined, the PDGFRL mRNA level was the highest in chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells. Interestingly, the proliferation of chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells was promoted by PDGFRL overexpression, whereas that of the breast cancer-derived MDA-MB-231 cells was inhibited. Of note, in PDGFRL-overexpressing HCS-2/8 cells, the expression of chondrocyte differentiation marker genes, SOX9, ACAN, COL2A1, COL10A1, and ALP, was decreased. Moreover, we confirmed the expression of PDGFRL mRNA in normal cartilage tissue and chondrocytes. Eventually, the expression of PDGFRL mRNA in condrocytes except in the case of hypertrophic chondrocytes was demonstrated in vivo and in vitro. These findings suggest that PDGFRL plays the different roles, depending upon cell types. Particularly, in chondrocytes, PDGFRL may play a new and important role which is distinct from the function previously reported. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 4033-4044, 2017. (c) 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcb.26059

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  • Regulatory mechanism of CCN2 production by serotonin (5-HT) via 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptors in chondrocytes

    Ayaka Hori, Takashi Nishida, Shogo Takashiba, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    PLOS ONE   12 ( 11 )   e0188014   2017年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE  

    Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine: 5-HT) is recognized as a neurotransmitter in the central nerve system and as a regulator of systemic blood pressure in the peripheral tissues. Recently, it was reported that 5-HT2 receptors (5-HT(2)Rs) were expressed in cartilage tissues lacking both vessels and neurons, suggesting possible novel functions of 5-HT during cartilage development and regeneration. Our previous data indicated that CCN family protein 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) plays a central role in cartilage development and regeneration. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 5-HT on the production of CCN2 in chondrocytes. Firstly, we showed that the mRNAs of 5-HT2R subtypes 5-HT2AR and 5-HT2BR, were expressed in a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8; however, 5-HT2CR mRNA was not detected. In addition, exogenously added 5-HT did not affect the 5-HT2AR and 5-HT2BR expressions. Next, we demonstrated that CCN2 production was increased by treatment with a 5-HT2AR agonist and the combination of 5-HT and 5-HT2BR antagonist. In contrast, treatment with a 5-HT2BR agonist and the combination of 5-HT and 5-HT2AR antagonist decreased CCN2 production. Furthermore, we showed that phosphorylation of Akt and p38 MAPK were increased by treatment with 5-HT2AR agonist, and that phosphorylation of PKC epsilon, PKC zeta, ERK1/2 and JNK were increased by treatment with 5-HT2BR agonist. Finally, we found that 5-HT2AR was localized in the growth plate, whereas 5-HT2BR was localized in the articular cartilage. These findings suggest that 5-HT promotes CCN2 production through the 5-HT2AR in growth plates, and that it represses CCN2 production through the 5-HT2BR in articular cartilage for harmonized development of long bones.

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  • Catabolic effects of FGF-1 on chondrocytes and its possible role in osteoarthritis

    Abdellatif El-Seoudi, Tarek Abd El Kader, Takashi Nishida, Takanori Eguchi, Eriko Aoyama, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   11 ( 3 )   255 - 263   2017年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) is a classical member of the FGF family and is produced by chondrocytes cultured from osteoarthritic patients. Also, this growth factor was shown to bind to CCN family protein 2 (CCN2), which regenerates damaged articular cartilage and counteracts osteoarthritis (OA) in an animal model. However, the pathophysiological role of FGF-1 in cartilage has not been well investigated. In this study, we evaluated the effects of FGF-1 in vitro and its production in vivo by use of an OA model. Treatment of human chondrocytic cells with FGF-1 resulted in marked repression of genes for cartilaginous extracellular matrix components, whereas it strongly induced matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13), representing its catabolic effects on cartilage. Interestingly, expression of the CCN2 gene was dramatically repressed by FGF-1, which repression eventually caused the reduced production of CCN2 protein from the chondrocytic cells. The results of a reporter gene assay revealed that this repression could be ascribed, at least in part, to transcriptional regulation. In contrast, the gene expression of FGF-1 was enhanced by exogenous FGF-1, indicating a positive feedback system in these cells. Of note, induction of FGF-1 was observed in the articular cartilage of a rat OA model. These results collectively indicate a pathological role of FGF-1 in OA development, which includes an insufficient cartilage regeneration response caused by CCN2 down regulation.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-017-0384-8

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  • 関節・成長板軟骨細胞におけるセロトニン(5-HT)によるCCN2産生の差別的制御メカニズム

    堀 綾花, 西田 崇, 高柴 正悟, 久保田 聡, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   35回   167 - 167   2017年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) treatment of cultured chondrocytes stimulates production of CCN family protein 2 (CCN2), a protein involved in the regeneration of articular cartilage: mechanism underlying this stimulation

    T. Nishida, S. Kubota, E. Aoyama, N. Yamanaka, K. M. Lyons, M. Takigawa

    OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE   25 ( 5 )   759 - 769   2017年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCI LTD  

    Objective: CCN family protein 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) promotes cartilage regeneration in experimental osteoarthritis (OA) models. However, CCN2 production is very low in articular cartilage. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not CCN2 was promoted by cultured chondrocytes treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and to clarify its mechanism.
    Methods: Human chondrocytic cell line (HCS)-2/8, rat primary epiphyseal and articular cartilage cells, and Ccn2-deficient chondrocytes that impaired chondrocyte differentiation, were treated with LIPUS for 20 min at 3.0 MHz frequency and 60 mW/cm(2) power. Expressions of chondrocyte differentiation marker mRNAs were examined by real-time PCR (RT-PCR) analysis from HCS-2/8 cells and Ccn2-deficient chondrocytes at 30 min and 1 h after LIPUS treatment, respectively. CCN2 production was examined by Western blotting after 5 h of LIPUS treatment. Moreover, Ca2+ influx was measured by using a Fluo-4 probe.
    Results: The gene expression of chondrocyte differentiation markers and CCN2 production were increased in cultured chondrocytes treated with LIPUS. In addition, Ca2+ influx and phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 were increased by LIPUS treatment, and the stability of TRPV4 and BKca channel mRNAs was decreased by siRNA against CCN2. Consistent with those findings, the LIPUS-induced the gene expressions of type II collagen (COL2a1) and Aggrecan (ACAN) observed in wild-type cells were not observed in the Ccn2-deficient chondrocytes.
    Conclusion: These data indicate that chondrocyte differentiation represented by CCN2 production was mediated via MAPK pathways activated by LIPUS-stimulated Ca2+ influx, which in turn was supported by the induced CCN2 molecules in articular chondrocytes. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Osteoarthritis Research Society International.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.joca.2016.10.003

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  • Intracellular MMP3 Promotes HSP Gene Expression in Collaboration With Chromobox Proteins

    Takanori Eguchi, Stuart K. Calderwood, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota, Ken-ichi Kozaki

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   118 ( 1 )   43 - 51   2017年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are crucial factors in tumor progression, inflammatory/immune responses and tissue development/regeneration. Of note, it has been known that MMPs promote genome instability, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion, and metastasis in tumor progression. We previously reported that human MMP3 could translocate into cellular nuclei and control transcription in human chondrosarcoma-derived cells and in articular cartilage (Eguchi et al. [2008] Mol Cell Biol 28(7):2391-2413); however, further transcriptional target genes and cofactors of intranuclear MMP3 have not been uncovered. In this paper, we used transcriptomics analysis in order to examine novel transcriptional target genes regulated by intracellular MMP3. We found that mRNA levels of HSP family members (HSP70B, HSP72, HSP40/DNAJ, and HSP20/CRYAB) are upregulated by the intracellular MMP3 overload. Bioinformatic analysis predicted several transcription factors that possibly interact with MMP3. Among these factors, heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) cooperated with the MMP3 to activate the HSP70B gene promoter in reporter gene assays, while a dominant negative HSF1 blocked the role for MMP3 in the trans-activation. The hemopexin-like repeat (PEX) domain of the human MMP3 was essential for transcriptional induction of the HSP70B gene. In addition, chromobox proteins CBX5/HP1 and CBX3/HP1 cooperated with the PEX domain in induction of HSP70B mRNA. Taken together, this study newly clarified that intracellular MMP3 cooperate with CBXs/HP1s in transcriptional promotion of HSP genes. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 43-51, 2017. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcb.25607

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  • 骨リモデリングにおける骨細胞の役割 招待

    西田 崇, 久保田聡, 滝川正春

    Clinical Calcium   27 ( 12 )   23 - 29   2017年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Promoter Analyses of CCN Genes. 査読 国際誌

    Eguchi T, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   177 - 185   2017年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-6430-7_18

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  • ELISA of CCN Family Proteins in Body Fluids Including Serum and Plasma. 査読

    Kubota S, Kawaki H, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   127 - 138   2017年

  • Analysis of Signaling Pathways Activated by CCN Proteins. 査読

    Kawaki H, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   139 - 143   2017年

  • Protocols for Screening Peptide Motifs Binding to CCN Family Proteins. 査読

    Kubota S, Kawaki H, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   155 - 167   2017年

  • Analysis of Expression of CCN Family Genes in Skeletal Tissue-Derived Cells. 査読

    Kawaki H, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   33 - 41   2017年

  • Western Blotting Analysis of CCN Proteins in Calcified Tissues. 査読

    Kawaki H, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   43 - 51   2017年

  • Immunohistochemical Analysis of CCN Proteins in Calcified Tissues. 査読

    Kawaki H, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)   1489   53 - 62   2017年

  • Assessment of CCN2 Independent Modules Regenerative Capacity on Osteoarthritis and Further Selecting the Most Suitable Among them as a Potential Therapeutic Drug 査読

    Abdelkader Tarek, Aoyama Eriko, Nishida Takashi, Hattori Takako, Janune Danilo, Hara Emilio S, Ono Mitsuaki, Tabata Yasuhiko, Kuboki Takuo, Kubota Satoshi, Takigawa Masaharu

    FASEB JOURNAL   30   2016年4月

  • Role of CCN2 in Amino Acid Metabolism of Chondrocytes

    Yurika Murase, Takako Hattori, Eriko Aoyama, Takashi Nishida, Aya Maeda-Uematsu, Harumi Kawaki, Karen M. Lyons, Akira Sasaki, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   117 ( 4 )   927 - 937   2016年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a multi-functional molecule that promotes harmonized development and regeneration of cartilage through its matricellular interaction with a variety of extracellular biomolecules. Thus, deficiency in CCN2 supply profoundly affects a variety of cellular activities including basic metabolism. A previous study showed that the expression of a number of ribosomal protein genes was markedly enhanced in Ccn2-null chondrocytes. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed the impact of CCN2 on amino acid and protein metabolism in chondrocytes. Comparative metabolome analysis of the amino acids in Ccn2-null and wild-type mouse chondrocytes revealed stable decreases in the cellular levels of all of the essential amino acids. Unexpectedly, uptake of such amino acids was rather enhanced in Ccn2-null chondrocytes, and the addition of exogenous CCN2 to human chondrocytic cells resulted in decreased amino acid uptake. However, as expected, amino acid consumption by protein synthesis was also accelerated in Ccn2-null chondrocytes. Furthermore, we newly found that expression of two genes encoding two glycolytic enzymes, as well as the previously reported Eno1 gene, was repressed in those cells. Considering the impaired glycolysis and retained mitochondrial membrane potential in Ccn2-null chondrocytes, these findings suggest that Ccn2 deficiency induces amino acid shortage in chondrocytes by accelerated amino acid consumption through protein synthesis and acquisition of aerobic energy. Interestingly, CCN2 was found to capture such free amino acids in vitro. Under physiological conditions, CCN2 may be regulating the levels of free amino acids in the extracellular matrix of cartilage. J. Cell. Biochem. 117: 927-937, 2016. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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  • Assessment of CCN2 Independent Modules Regenerative Capacity on Osteoarthritis and Further Selecting the Most Suitable Among them as a Potential Therapeutic Drug 査読

    Abdelkader Tarek, Aoyama Eriko, Nishida Takashi, Hattori Takako, Janune Danilo, Hara Emilio S, Ono Mitsuaki, Tabata Yasuhiko, Kuboki Takuo, Kubota Satoshi, Takigawa Masaharu

    FASEB JOURNAL   30   2016年4月

  • Matrix remodeling response of human periodontal tissue cells toward fibrosis upon nicotine exposure

    Hiroko Takeuchi-Igarashi, Satoshi Kubota, Toshiaki Tachibana, Etsuko Murakashi, Masaharu Takigawa, Masataka Okabe, Yukihiro Numabe

    ODONTOLOGY   104 ( 1 )   35 - 43   2016年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    It is widely accepted that fibrosis is frequently observed in the gingiva of smokers. However, the mechanisms by which smoking results in pathological changes in periodontal tissue that lead to fibrosis are not entirely clear. Our former report showed that type I collagen synthesis was promoted by nicotine via CCN family protein 2 in human periodontal tissue cells. Here, we evaluated other aspects of nicotine function from a viewpoint of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. Human gingival fibroblasts (n = 4) and periodontal ligament cells (n = 3) were isolated. The cells were treated with nicotine at a variety of concentrations for 12-48 h. Modulators of matrix remodeling were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Cell migration and morphology were also evaluated. As a result, following treatment with 1 mu g/ml nicotine, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and transforming growth factor-beta 1 production in both cell lysates and supernatants, and matrix metalloproteinases-1 production in cell lysates, were significantly increased (p < 0.05). Compared to controls, cell migration was significantly inhibited (p < 0.005) by nicotine in a time-dependent manner. Electron microscopic analysis revealed the presence of a number of vacuoles in nicotine-treated cells. These results indicate that nicotine not only impairs fibroblast motility, and induces cellular degenerative changes, but also alters ECM-remodeling systems of periodontal cells. Induction of matrix remodeling molecules, combined with type I collagen accumulation, may account for the molecular mechanism of nicotine-induced periodontal fibrosis.

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  • Sorcin Expression in the Epiphyseal Growth Plates of Mice

    Mariko Kawai, Ning Liu, Takako Hattori, Yo-Hei Kataoka, Masaharu Takigawa, Satoshi Kubota, Toshio Yamamoto, Kiyoshi Ohura

    JOURNAL OF HARD TISSUE BIOLOGY   25 ( 1 )   57 - 61   2016年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JOURNAL HARD TISSUE BIOLOGY  

    Sorcin is a small calcium-binding protein that is widely expressed in many tissues. Sorcin regulates cardiac myocyte apoptosis by modulating mitochondrial Ca2+ cycling and regulates fibroblast cell cycling and apoptosis via Ca2+ signaling through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). During endochondral ossification, some chondrocytes undergo apoptosis after their terminal differentiation; however, Sorcin's expression in these cells has not been characterized. Here we examined Sorcin's gene expression in the chondrocytes derived from mouse growth plate by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), and its protein localization in the chondrocytes of femoral growth plate using immunohistochemistry. Sorcin protein was detected in the chondrocytes, and was particularly abundant in the cytoplasm and nuclei of proliferative zone chondrocytes and in the nuclei of hypertrophic chondrocytes. Apoptotic analysis of the growth plate revealed that many of the hypertrophic chondrocytes undergo the DNA fragmentation. We report for the first time the localization of Sorcin in the epiphyseal growth plate in which one of the apoptotic phenomenon was detected.

    DOI: 10.2485/jhtb.25.57

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  • Analysis of Transcytosis of CCN2 by Chondrocytes.

    Kawata K, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   405 - 413   2016年

  • Production of Recombinant CCN2 Protein by Mammalian Cells.

    Nishida T, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   95 - 105   2016年

  • Production of Recombinant CCN2 Protein in Escherichia coli.

    Aoyama E, Hattori T, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   77 - 84   2016年

  • Preparation of Module-Specific Antibodies Against CCN Family Members.

    Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   115 - 126   2016年

  • Analysis of Posttranscriptional Regulation of CCN Genes.

    Kondo S, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   187 - 209   2016年

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    掲載種別:論文集(書籍)内論文  

    DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-6430-7_19

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  • Cell Biological Assays for Measuring Chondrogenic Activities of CCN2 Protein.

    Nishida T, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   219 - 237   2016年

  • In Vivo Evaluation of Cartilage Regenerative Effects of CCN2 Protein

    Nishida T, Kubota S, Takigawa M

    Methods Mol Biol.   1489   273 - 282   2016年

  • Involvement of multiple CCN family members in platelets that support regeneration of joint tissues

    Chikako Hara, Satoshi Kubota, Takashi Nishida, Miki Hiasa, Takako Hattori, Eriko Aoyama, Yoshinori Moriyama, Hiroshi Kamioka, Masaharu Takigawa

    MODERN RHEUMATOLOGY   26 ( 6 )   940 - 949   2016年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Objectives: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been widely used to enhance the regeneration of damaged joint tissues, such as osteoarthritic and rheumatoid arthritic cartilage. The aim of this study is to clarify the involvement of all of the CCN family proteins that are crucially associated with joint tissue regeneration.
    Methods: Cyr61-CTGF-NOV (CCN) family proteins in human platelets and megakaryocytic cells were comprehensively analyzed by Western blotting analysis. Production of CCN family proteins in megakaryocytes in vivo was confirmed by immunofluorescence analysis of mouse bone marrow cells. Effects of CCN family proteins found in platelets on chondrocytes were evaluated by using human chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells.
    Results: Inclusion of CCN2, a mesenchymal tissue regenerator, was confirmed. Of note, CCN3, which counteracts CCN2, was newly found to be encapsulated in platelets. Interestingly, these two family members were not detectable in megakaryocytic cells, but their external origins were suggested. Furthermore, we found for the first time CCN5 and CCN1 that inhibits ADAMTS4 in both platelets and megakaryocytes. Finally, application of a CCN family cocktail mimicking platelets onto HCS-2/8 cells enhanced their chondrocytic phenotype.
    Conclusions: Multiple inclusion of CCN1, 2 and 3 in platelets was clarified, which supports the harmonized regenerative potential of PRP in joint therapeutics.

    DOI: 10.3109/14397595.2016.1155255

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  • ゲノムの風景 招待

    久保田聡

    岡山歯学会雑誌   35 ( 1 )   1 - 12   2016年

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  • Physical interaction of CCN2 with diverse growth factors involved in chondrocyte differentiation during endochondral ossification

    Hany Mohamed Khattab, Eriko Aoyama, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   9 ( 3 )   247 - 254   2015年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    CCN family member 2 (CCN2) has been shown to promote the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and vascular endothelial cells. In addition, a number of growth factors and cytokines are known to work in harmony to promote the process of chondrogenesis and chondrocyte differentiation toward endochondral ossification. Earlier we showed that CCN2 physically interacts with some of them, suggesting that multiple effects of CCN2 on various differentiation stages of chondrocytes may be attributed to its interaction with these growth factors and cytokines. However, little is known about the functional interaction occurring between CCN2 and other growth factors and cytokines in promoting chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. In this study we sought to shed light on the binding affinities between CCN2 and other essential growth factors and cytokines known to be regulators of chondrocyte differentiation. Using the surface plasmon resonance assay, we analyzed the dissociation constant between CCN2 and each of the following: TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 3, IGF-I, IGF-II, PDGF-BB, GDF5, PTHrP, and VEGF. We found a strong association between CCN2 and VEGF, as well as a relatively high association with TGF-beta 1, TGF-beta 3, PDGF-BB, and GDF-5. However, the sensorgrams obtained for possible interaction between CCN2 and IGF-I, IGF-II or PTHrP showed no response. This study underlines the correlation between CCN2 and certain other growth factors and cytokines and suggests the possible participation of such interaction in the process of chondrogenesis and chondrocyte differentiation toward endochondral ossification.

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  • CCN2 enhances RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation via direct binding to RANK and OPG

    Eriko Aoyama, Satoshi Kubota, Hany Mohamed Khattab, Takashi Nishida, Masaharu Takigawa

    BONE   73   242 - 248   2015年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    CCN family protein 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is a multi-potent factor for mesenchymal cells such as chondrocytes, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and endothelial cells. CCN2 is also known as a modulator of other cytokines and receptors via direct molecular interactions with them. We screened additional factors binding to CCN2 and found receptor activator of NF-kappa B (RANK) as one of them. RANK is also known as TNF-related activation-induced cytokine (TRANCE) receptor, and its signaling plays a critical role in osteoclastogenesis. Notable affinity between CCN2 and RANK was confirmed by using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis. In fact, CCN2 enhanced the RANK-mediated signaling, such as occurs in NF-kappa B, p38 and JNK pathways, in pre-osteoclastic RAW264.7 cells; whereas CCN2 had no influence on RANK RANK ligand (RANKL) binding. Moreover, CCN2 also significantly bound to osteoprotegerin (OPG), which is a decoy receptor of RANKL. Of note, OPG markedly inhibited the binding between CCN2 and RANK; and CCN2 canceled the inhibitory effect of OPG on osteoclast differentiation. These findings suggest CCN2 as a candidate of the fourth factor in the RANK/RANKL/OPG system for osteodastogenesis, which regulates OPG and RANK via direct interaction. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2014.12.058

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  • CCN family protein 2 (CCN2) promotes the early differentiation, but inhibits the terminal differentiation of skeletal myoblasts

    Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Eriko Aoyama, Danilo Janune, Karen M. Lyons, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY   157 ( 2 )   91 - 100   2015年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    Many studies have reported that CCN family protein 2 (also known as connective tissue growth factor) induces fibrotic response in skeletal muscle, thus emphasizing the pathological role of CCN2 in muscle tissues. However, the physiological role of CCN2 in myogenesis is still unknown. This study clarified the CCN2 functions during myogenesis. Recombinant CCN2 (rCCN2) promoted proliferation and MyoD production in C2C12 cells and primary myoblasts, but inhibited myogenin production. In accordance with these findings, the gene expression levels of myosin heavy chain, which is a marker of terminally differentiated myoblasts and desmin, which is the main intermediate filament protein of muscle cells, were decreased by rCCN2 treatment. In vivo analyses with Ccn2-deficient skeletal muscle revealed decreased proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)/MyoD double positive cells and muscle hypoplasia. Consistent with this finding, myogenic marker genes and myotube formation were repressed in Ccn2-deficient myoblasts. The protein production of CCN2 was increased in C2C12 myoblasts treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha, which is a pro-inflammatory cytokine, suggesting its role in muscle regeneration after inflammation. These findings indicate that CCN2 promotes proliferation and early differentiation but inhibits the terminal differentiation of myoblasts, thus suggesting that CCN2 plays a physiological role in myogenesis.

    DOI: 10.1093/jb/mvu056

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  • Cellular and molecular actions of CCN2/CTGF and its role under physiological and pathological conditions

    Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    CLINICAL SCIENCE   128 ( 3 )   181 - 196   2015年2月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    CCN family protein 2 (CCN2), also widely known as connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), is one of the founding members of the CCN family of matricellular proteins. Extensive investigation on CCN2 over decades has revealed the novel molecular action and functional properties of this unique signalling modulator. By its interaction with multiple molecular counterparts, CCN2 yields highly diverse and context-dependent biological outcomes in a variety of microenvironments. Nowadays, CCN2 is recognized to conduct the harmonized development of relevant tissues, such as cartilage and bone, in the skeletal system, by manipulating extracellular signalling molecules involved therein by acting as a hub through a web. However, on the other hand, CCN2 occasionally plays profound roles in major human biological disorders, including fibrosis and malignancies in major organs and tissues, by modulating the actions of key molecules involved in these clinical entities. In this review, the physiological and pathological roles of this unique protein are comprehensively summarized from a molecular network-based viewpoint of CCN2 functionalities.

    DOI: 10.1042/CS20140264

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  • New functional aspects of CCN2 revealed by trans-omic approaches

    Kubota, S, Maeda-Uematsu, A, Nishida, T, Takigawa, M

    Journal of Oral Biosciences   57   37 - 43   2015年

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  • Fluoinolone acetonide is a potent synergistic factor of TGF-β3-associated chondrogenesis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells for articular surface regeneration

    Hara, E. S, Ono, M, Hai, P. T, Sonoyama, W, Kubota, S, Takigawa, M, Matsumoto, T, Young, M. F, Olsen, B. R, Kuboki, T

    J. Bone Miner. Res.   30 ( 9 )   1585 - 1596   2015年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.2502

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  • Role of CCN2 in Amino Acid Metabolism of Chondrocytes.

    Murase Y, Hattori T, Aoyama E, Nishida T, Maeda-Uematsu A, Kawaki H, Lyons KM, Sasaki A, Takigawa M, Kubota S

    J Cell Biochem   151 - 155   2015年

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  • 粉末食で飼育したマウスの下顎骨形態変化

    河野 加奈, 柳田 剛志, 久保田 聡, 滝川 正春, 上岡 寛, 山城 隆

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   32回   314 - 314   2014年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Direct interaction between CCN family protein 2 and fibroblast growth factor 1

    Tarek Abd El Kader, Satoshi Kubota, Ken Anno, Saho Tanaka, Takashi Nishida, Takayuki Furumatsu, Eriko Aoyama, Takuo Kuboki, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   8 ( 2 )   157 - 163   2014年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    In an attempt to find out a new molecular counterpart of CCN family protein 2 (CCN2), a matricellular protein with multiple functions, we performed an interactome analysis and found fibroblast growth factor (FGF) -1 as one of the candidates. Solid-phase binding assay indicated specific binding between CCN2 and FGF-1. This binding was also confirmed by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis that revealed a dissociation constant (Kd) of 3.98 nM indicating strong molecular interaction between the two. RNA analysis suggested that both FGF-1 and CCN2 could be produced by chondrocytes and thus their interaction in the cartilage is possible. These findings for the first time indicate the direct interaction of CCN2 and FGF-1 and suggest the co-presence of these molecules in the cartilage microenvironment. CCN2 is a well-known promoter of cartilage development and regeneration, whereas the physiological and pathological role of FGF-1 in cartilage mostly remains unclear. Biological role of FGF-1 itself in cartilage is also suspected.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-014-0232-z

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  • CCN2 as a Novel Molecule Supporting Energy Metabolism of Chondrocytes

    Aya Maeda-Uematsu, Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Kazumi Kawata, Yoshiaki Miyake, Takako Hattori, Takashi Nishida, Norifumi Moritani, Karen M. Lyons, Seiji Iida, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   115 ( 5 )   854 - 865   2014年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a unique molecule that promotes both chondrocytic differentiation and proliferation through its matricellular interaction with a number of extracellular biomolecules. This apparently contradictory functional property of CCN2 suggests its certain role in basic cellular activities such as energy metabolism, which is required for both proliferation and differentiation. Comparative metabolomic analysis of costal chondrocytes isolated from wild-type and Ccn2-null mice revealed overall impaired metabolism in the latter. Among the numerous metabolites analyzed, stable reduction in the intracellular level of ATP, GTP, CTP, or UTP was observed, indicating a profound role of CCN2 in energy metabolism. Particularly, the cellular level of ATP was decreased by more than 50% in the Ccn2-null chondrocytes. The addition of recombinant CCN2 (rCCN2) to cultured Ccn2-null chondrocytes partly redeemed the cellular ATP level attenuated by Ccn2 deletion. Next, in order to investigate the mechanistic background that mediates the reduction in ATP level in these Ccn2-null chondrocytes, we performed transcriptome analysis. As a result, several metabolism-associated genes were found to have been up-regulated or down-regulated in the mutant mice. Up-regulation of a number of ribosomal protein genes was observed upon Ccn2 deletion, whereas a few genes required for aerobic and anaerobic ATP production were down-regulated in the Ccn2-null chondrocytes. Among such genes, reduction in the expression of the enolase 1 gene was of particular note. These findings uncover a novel functional role of CCN2 as a metabolic supporter in the growth-plate chondrocytes, which is required for skeletogenesis in mammals. J. Cell. Biochem. 115: 854-865, 2014. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcb.24728

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  • The regenerative effects of CCN2 independent modules on chondrocytes in vitro and osteoarthritis models in vivo 査読

    Abd El Kader, T., Kubota, S., Nishida, T., Hattori, T., Aoyama, E., Janune, D., Hara, E.S., Ono, M., Tabata, Y., Kuboki, T., Takigawa, M.

    Bone   59   180 - 188   2014年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2013.11.010

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  • The CCN family acting throughout the body: Recent research developments 査読

    Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    Biomolecular Concepts   4 ( 5 )   477 - 494   2013年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The animal body is composed of a variety of cells and extracellular matrices that are organized and orchestrated in a harmonized manner to support life. Therefore, the critical importance of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular network surrounding and integrating the cells is now emphasized. The CCN family is a novel group of matricellular proteins that interact with and orchestrate a number of extracellular signaling and matrix molecules to construct and maintain living tissues. This family comprises six distinct members in mammals, which are characterized by a unique and conserved modular structure. These proteins are not targeted to limited and specific receptors to execute specific missions, but manipulate a vast number of biomolecules in the network by serving as a molecular hub at the center. The unified nomenclature, CCN, originates from a simple acronym of the three classical members, which helps us to avoid having any preconception about their pleiotropic and anonymous functional nature. In this review, after a brief summary of the general molecular concepts regarding the CCN family, new aspects of each member uncovered by recent research are introduced, which represent, nevertheless, only the tip of the iceberg of the profound functionality of these molecules. © 2013 Walter de Gruyter GmbH.

    DOI: 10.1515/bmc-2013-0018

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  • Novel role of miR-181a in cartilage metabolism. 査読 国際誌

    Kumi Sumiyoshi, Satoshi Kubota, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Kazumi Kawata, Tarek Abd El Kader, Takashi Nishida, Nao Ikeda, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Takashi Yamashiro, Masaharu Takigawa

    Journal of cellular biochemistry   114 ( 9 )   2094 - 100   2013年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Micro RNA (miRNA) is a small non-coding post-transcriptional RNA regulator that is involved in a variety of biological events. In order to specify the role of miRNAs in cartilage metabolism, we comparatively analyzed the expression profile of known miRNAs in chicken sternum chondrocytes representing early and late differentiation stages. Interestingly, none of the miRNAs displaying strong expression levels showed remarkable changes along with differentiation, suggesting their roles in maintaining the homeostasis rather than cytodifferentiation of chondrocytes. Among these miRNAs, miR-181a, which is known to play critical roles in a number of tissues, was selected and was further characterized. Human microarray analysis revealed remarkably stronger expression of miR-181a in human HCS-2/8 cells, which strongly maintained a chondrocytic phenotype, than in HeLa cells, indicating its significant role in chondrocytes. Indeed, subsequent investigation indicated that miR-181a repressed the expression of two genes involved in cartilage development. One was CCN family member 1 (CCN1), which promotes chondrogenesis; and the other, the gene encoding the core protein of aggrecan, a major cartilaginous proteoglycan, aggrecan. Based on these findings, negative feedback system via miR-181a to conserve the integrity of the cartilaginous phenotype may be proposed.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcb.24556

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  • 粉末食を与えて飼育したマウスの下顎骨形態変化

    柳田 剛志, 久保田 聡, 滝川 正春, 山城 隆

    Journal of Oral Biosciences Supplement   2013   147 - 147   2013年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 流体剪断応力により重合したアクチンによりCCN2の発現と骨芽細胞の分化は誘導される

    本城 正, 久保田 聡, 上岡 寛, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春, 山本 照子

    Journal of Oral Biosciences Supplement   2013   203 - 203   2013年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • Regulation of CCN1 via the 3 '-untranslated region 査読

    Yosuke Nakagawa, Masanao Minato, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Aya Maeda, Chikako Hara, Yurika Murase, Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   7 ( 3 )   207 - 217   2013年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    The 3'-untranslated region (UTR) is known to be a critical regulator of post-transcriptional events that determine the gene expression at the RNA level. The gene CCN1 is one of the classical members of the matricellular CCN family and is involved in a number of biological processes during mammalian development. In the present study, the 600-bp 3'-UTR of CCN1 was functionally characterized. Reporter gene analysis revealed that the entire 3'-UTR profoundly repressed gene expression in cis in different types of the cells, to which both the proximal and distal-halves of the 3'-UTR segments contributed almost equally. Deletion analysis of the 3'-UTR indicated a distinct functional element in the proximal half, whereas a putative target for microRNA-181s was predicted in silico in the distal half. Of note, the repressive RNA element in the proximal half was shown to be capable of forming a stable secondary structure. However, unexpectedly, a reporter construct with a tandem repeat of the predicted miR-181 targets failed to respond to miR-181a. In addition, the other major structured element predicted in the distal half was similarly characterized. To our surprise, the second element rather enhanced the reporter gene expression in cis. These results indicate the involvement of multiple regulatory elements in the CCN1 3'-UTR and suggest the complexity of the miRNA action as well as the 3'-UTR-mediated gene regulation.

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  • Impaired glycolytic metabolism causes chondrocyte hypertrophy-like changes via promotion of phospho-Smad1/5/8 translocation into nucleus 査読

    T. Nishida, S. Kubota, E. Aoyama, M. Takigawa

    OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE   21 ( 5 )   700 - 709   2013年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCI LTD  

    Objective: Hypertrophy-like changes are often observed in chondrocytes during the development of osteoarthritis (OA). These changes play a crucial part in the OA-associated cartilage degradation and osteophyte formation. However, the pathogenesis leading to such changes is still unknown. In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which these hypertrophy-like changes are induced from the viewpoint of impaired glycolytic metabolism.
    Methods: The effect of sodium fluoride (NaF) on glycolytic metabolism of cultured chondrocytes was confirmed by measurement of intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. Translocation of phosphorylated Smad1/5/8 to the nucleus was evaluated by subcellular fractionation and Western blotting. Chondrocyte hypertrophy-like changes were investigated by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis of differentiation markers.
    Results: ATP production was dose-dependently decreased by NaF in the human chondrocytic cell line HCS-2/8. In addition, both chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation were inhibited, whereas cell death was promoted by treatment with NaF. Interestingly, combinational treatment with NaF and lactate enhanced translocation of phospho-Smad1/5/8 to the nucleus, as well as gene expression of ALP, VEGF, COL10a1, and matrix metalloproteinase13 (MMP13), which were the markers of late mature and hypertrophic chondrocytes. Furthermore, the production of type X collagen and activation of MMP9 were also promoted under the same conditions.
    Conclusions: These findings suggest that decreased ATP production by NaF promotes hypertrophy-like changes via activation of phospho-Smad1/5/8 in the presence of lactate. Novel metabolic aspects of OA pathogenesis are indicated herein. (C) 2013 Osteoarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.joca.2013.01.013

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  • Anti-fibrotic effect of CCN3 accompanied by altered gene expression profile of the CCN family 査読

    Tarek Abd El Kader, Satoshi Kubota, Danilo Janune, Takashi Nishida, Takako Hattori, Eriko Aoyama, Bernard Perbal, Takuo Kuboki, Masaharu Takigawa

    Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling   7 ( 1 )   11 - 18   2013年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    CCN family proteins 2 and 3 (CCN2 and CCN3) belong to the CCN family of proteins, all having a high level of structural similarity. It is widely known that CCN2 is a profibrotic molecule that mediates the development of fibrotic disorders in many different tissues and organs. In contrast, CCN3 has been recently suggested to act as an anti-fibrotic factor in several tissues. This CCN3 action was shown earlier to be exerted by the repression of the CCN2 gene expression in kidney tissue, whereas different findings were obtained for liver cells. Thus, the molecular action of CCN3 yielding its anti-fibrotic effect is still controversial. Here, using a general model of fibrosis, we evaluated the effect of CCN3 overexpression on the gene expression of all of the CCN family members, as well as on that of fibrotic marker genes. As a result, repression of CCN2 gene expression was modest, while type I collagen and α-smooth muscle actin gene expression was prominently repressed. Interestingly, not only CCN2, but also CCN4 gene expression showed a decrease upon CCN3 overexpression. These findings indicate that fibrotic gene induction is under the control of a complex molecular network conducted by CCN family members functioning together. © 2012 The International CCN Society.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-012-0180-4

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  • Novel chondrogenic and chondroprotective effects of the natural compound harmine 査読

    Hara, Emilio Satoshi, Ono, Mitsuaki, Kubota, Satoshi, Sonoyama, Wataru, Oida, Yasutaka, Hattori, Takako, Nishida, Takashi, Furumatsu, Takayuki, Ozaki, Toshifumi, Takigawa, Masaharu, Kuboki, Takuo

    Biochimie   95 ( 2 )   374 - 381   2013年

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    掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2012.10.016

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  • miRNA-720 Controls Stem Cell Phenotype, Proliferation and Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Cells 査読

    Hara, Emilio Satoshi, Ono, Mitsuaki, Eguchi, Takanori, Kubota, Satoshi, Hai Thanh Pham, Sonoyama, Wataru, Tajima, Shoji, Takigawa, Masaharu, Calderwood, Stuart K., Kuboki, Takuo

    Plos One   8 ( 12 )   e83545   2013年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083545

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  • The CCN2-inducer harmine promotes chondrogenesis and protects against TNFα-induced ablation of chondrocytic phenotype 査読

    Hara, E.S, M. Ono, S. Kubota, W. Sonoyama, Y. Oida, T. Hattori, T. Nishida, T. Furumatsu, T. Ozaki, M. Takigawa, T. Kuboki

    Biochimie   95   374 - 381   2013年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • CCN2/CTGF binds to fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 and modulates its signaling

    Eriko Aoyama, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    FEBS LETTERS   586 ( 24 )   4270 - 4275   2012年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    CCN2 plays a critical role in the development of mesenchymal tissues such as cartilage and bone, and the binding of CCN2 to various cytokines and receptors regulates their signaling. By screening a protein array, we found that CCN2 could bind to fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) 2 and 3, with a higher affinity toward FGFR2. We ascertained that FGFR2 bound to CCN2 and that the binding of FGFR2 to FGF2 and FGF4 was enhanced by CCN2. CCN2 and FGF2 had a collaborative effect on the phosphorylation of ERK and the differentiation of osteoblastic cells. The present results indicate the biological significance of the binding of CCN2 to FGFR2 in bone metabolism.
    Structured summary of protein interactions:
    FGFR2 binds to CCN2 by protein array (View interaction)
    FGFR1OP binds to CCN2 by protein array (View interaction)
    FGFR3 binds to CCN2 by protein array (View interaction) (C) 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2012.10.038

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  • Mechanical stretch increases Smad3-dependent CCN2 expression in inner meniscus cells 査読

    Takayuki Furumatsu, Tomoko Kanazawa, Yoshiaki Miyake, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Toshifumi Ozaki

    JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH   30 ( 11 )   1738 - 1745   2012年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    The intrinsic zone-specific properties of the menisci are determined by biomechanical environments. In this study, we examined mechanical stretch-dependent expression of multifunctional growth factor CYR61/CTGF/NOV (CCN) 2, and investigated the role of CCN2 in meniscus cells. Uni-axial cyclic tensile strain (CTS) was applied using a STB-140 system. CTS-induced expression of CCN2 and a1(I) collagen (COL1A1) was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. The distribution of CCN2 and Smad2/3 in stretched cells was investigated by immunohistochemical analysis. Smad2/3-dependent CCN2 transactivation was measured by luciferase reporter assay. The relationship between Smad2/3 and CTS-induced CCN2 transcription was investigated by chromatin immunoprecipitation. CTS stimulated gene expression of CCN2 and COL1A1 in inner meniscus cells, but not in outer meniscus cells. Recombinant CCN2 increased COL1A1 expression only in inner meniscus cells. CCN2 synthesis and nuclear translocalization of phosphorylated Smad2/3 in inner meniscus cells were stimulated by CTS. The CCN2 promoter activity was synergistically enhanced by overexpressed Smad3 in stretched inner meniscus cells, but was not by Smad2. Chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that CTS increased the association between Smad3 and the Smad-binding element on the CCN2 proximal promoter in inner meniscus cells. Our results suggest that stretch-induced CCN2 may have a crucial role in regulating COL1A1 expression in the inner meniscus. (c) 2012 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 30:17381745, 2012

    DOI: 10.1002/jor.22142

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  • CCN2 in orofacial tissue development and remodeling

    Satoshi Kubota

    Japanese Dental Science Review   48 ( 2 )   101 - 113   2012年8月

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    記述言語:英語  

    CCN2 is one of the representative members of the CCN family, a group of proteins that orchestrate the extracellular signaling network. As anticipated by the original name, connective tissue growth factor, this molecule promotes the growth and development of mesenchymal tissues, including bone and cartilage. Indeed, CCN2 is required for the proper development of the orofacial region, which requirement is typically suggested by the frequent emergence of cleft palate in CCN2-null mice. The significant contribution of CCN2 to mandibular morphogenesis and tooth germ development has also been indicated. Of note, CCN2 functions not only during development, but also later in life, as it is a critical promoter of physiological and pathological tissue remodeling, the latter of which denotes fibrotic reconstruction of tissue. In addition to its involvement in fibrotic disorders in a variety of organs, CCN2 has been also reported to be a mediator of periodontal fibrosis caused by several factors including smoking. Based on these cumulative findings, the utility of CCN2 to accelerate oral tissue regeneration by a harmonized remodeling process is discussed herein, together with regulation of the gene expression and molecular function of CCN2 as a therapeutic strategy against periodontal fibrosis. © 2012 Japanese Association for Dental Science.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdsr.2012.02.002

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  • Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenaseはCCN2mRNA結合蛋白である(Binding of GAPDH to the cis-acting element of structure-anchored repression in ccn2 mRNA)

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 吉濱 泰斗, 新谷 悟, 滝川 正春

    日本癌学会総会記事   71回   465 - 465   2012年8月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:日本癌学会  

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  • Role of LRP1 in transport of CCN2 protein in chondrocytes. 査読 国際誌

    Kawata K, Kubota S, Eguchi T, Aoyama E, Moritani NH, Kondo S, Nishida T, Takigawa M

    Journal of cell science   125 ( Pt 12 )   2965 - 2972   2012年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1242/jcs.101956

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  • Role of low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) in CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) protein transport in chondrocytes 査読

    Kawata, K, S. Kubota, T. Eguchi, E. Aoyama, N. Moritani, S. Kondo, T. Nishida, M. Takigawa

    J. Cell Sci.   25   2965 - 2972   2012年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Induction of CCN2/CTGF by laminar fluid flow stress, which is mediated by the actin cytoskeleton in osteoblastic cells 査読

    Honjo, T, S. Kubota, H. Kamioka, Y. Sugawara, Y. Ishihara, T. Yamashiro, M. Takigawa, T. Takano-Yamamoto

    J Cell Commun Signal.   6   225 - 232   2012年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Association of the metastatic phenotype with CCN family members among breast and oral cancer cells

    Toshihiro Ohgawara, Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Naito Kurio, Tarek Abd El Kader, Mitsuhiro Hoshijima, Danilo Janune, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Bernard Perbal, Akira Sasaki, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   5 ( 4 )   291 - 299   2011年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    The CCN family of proteins consists of six members with conserved structural features. These proteins play several roles in the physiology and pathology of cells. Among the pathological roles of the CCN family, one of the most important and controversial ones is their role in the expansion and metastasis of cancer. Up to now a number of reports have described the possible role of each CCN family member independently. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed the roles of all six CCN family members in cell growth, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. As a result, we found the CCN2/CCN3 ratio to be a parameter that is associated with the metastatic phenotype of breast cancer cells that are highly metastatic to the bone. The same analysis with cell lines from oral squamous carcinomas that are not metastatic to the bone further supported our notion. These results suggest the functional significance of the interplay between CCN family members in regulating the phenotype of cancer cells.

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  • Effect of CCN2 on FGF2-Induced Proliferation and MMP9 and MMP13 Productions by Chondrocytes

    Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Eriko Aoyama, Danilo Janune, Azusa Maeda, Masaharu Takigawa

    ENDOCRINOLOGY   152 ( 11 )   4232 - 4241   2011年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ENDOCRINE SOC  

    CCN2 (also known as connective tissue growth factor) interacts with several growth factors involved in endochondral ossification via its characteristic four modules and modifies the effect of such growth factors. Presently we investigated whether CCN2 interacts with fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2). Solid-phase binding assay, immunoprecipitation-Western blot analysis, and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy revealed that the C-terminal module of CCN2 (CT) directly bound to FGF2 with a dissociation constant of 5.5 nM. Next, we examined the combinational effects of CCN2 and FGF2 on the proliferation of and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and -13 productions by cultured chondrocytes. FGF2 promoted not only the proliferation but also the production of MMP9 and -13, however, combined of FGF2 with CT module nullified the enhancement of both MMP productions and proliferation. To clarify the mechanism, we investigated the binding of CCN2 or its CT module to FGF receptor 1. As a result, we found that CCN2 bound to FGF receptor 1 with a dissociation constant of 362 nM, whereas the CT module did not. In addition, when we tested FGF signaling in chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells stimulated by the combination of FGF2 with CT module, the level of ERK1/2, p38 MAPK, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation was decreased compared with that found with FGF2 alone. These findings suggest that CCN2 may regulate the proliferation and matrix degradation of chondrocytes by forming a complex with FGF2 as a novel modulator of FGF2 functions. (Endocrinology 152: 4232-4241, 2011)

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  • Novel pathogenic role of fibrin as revealed by a case study on ligneous gingivitis

    Tsuyoshi Shimo, Akiyoshi Nishiyama, Satoshi Kubota, Naito Kurio, Tatsuo Okui, Naoki Katase, Nur Mohammad Monsur Hassan, Tatsuki Honami, Koji Kishimoto, Hiroshi Mese, Masaharu Takigawa, Akira Sasaki

    Oral Science International   8 ( 2 )   44 - 49   2011年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Purpose of the research: Ligneous gingivitis is a rare disease characterized by nodular gingival enlargement secondary to fibrin deposits induced by micro-injury in the gingiva, which disorder results from plasminogen (PLG) deficiency. Although none have investigated the association of wound healing factors with ligneous gingivitis. In this study, in addition to a histopathologic examination of ligneous gingivitis in a case of type I PLG deficiency, we further present data showing the effect of wound healing factors in association with fibrin in vitro to clarify the pathobiology of ligneous gingivitis in PLG-deficient patients. Principle results: Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, connective tissue growth factor/CCN2 (CCN2), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) had accumulated in the extracellular matrix around the epithelial and fibroblastic cells near the fibrin deposition. Consistent with these results, fibrin and TGF-β1 synergistically up-regulated CCN2 and ET-1 gene expression in human dermal fibroblasts. Major conclusions: Fibrin plays a vicious role in ligneous gingivitis pathobiology by up-regulating CCN2 and ET-1 expression through the TGF-β signaling pathway. © 2011 Japanese Stomatological Society.

    DOI: 10.1016/S1348-8643(11)00025-5

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  • Differential roles of CCN family proteins during osteoblast differentiation: Involvement of Smad and MAPK signaling pathways

    Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Akiko Suzuki, Makoto Suzuki, Kumiko Kohsaka, Kenji Hoshi, Toshiya Fujii, Noureddine Lazar, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Takeyasu Maeda, Bernard Perbal, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Masaharu Takigawa

    BONE   49 ( 5 )   975 - 989   2011年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    CCN family proteins play diverse roles in many aspects of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, migration, angiogenesis and survival. In the bone tissue of vertebrate species, the expression of most CCN family members has been observed in osteoblasts. However, their spatial and temporal distributions, as well as their functions, are still only partially understood. In this study, we evaluated the localization of CCN family members in skeletal tissue in vivo and comparatively analyzed the gene expression patterns and functions of the members in murine osteoblasts in primary culture. Immunofluorescent analyses revealed that the CCN family members were differentially produced in osteoblasts and osteocytes. The presence of all Ccn transcripts was confirmed in those osteoblasts. Among the members, CCN1, CCN2, CCN4 and CCN5 were found in osteocytes. CCN4 and CCN5 were distributed in osteocytes located inside of bone matrix as well. Next, we investigated the expression pattern of Ccn family members during osteoblast differentiation. Along with differentiation, most of the members followed proper gene expression patterns: whereas, Ccn4 and Ccn5 showed quite similar patterns. Furthermore, we evaluated the effects of CCN family members on the osteoblastic activities by using recombinant CCN proteins and RNA interference method. Five members of this family displayed positive effects on osteoblast proliferation or differentiation. Of note, CCN3 drastically inhibited the osteoblast activities. Each Ccn specific siRNA could modulate osteoblast activities in a manner expected by the observed effect of respective recombinant CCN protein. In addition, we found that extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways were critically involved in the CCN family member-mediated modification of osteoblast activities.
    Collectively, all Ccn family members were found to be differentially expressed along with differentiation and therefore could participate in progression of the osteoblast lineage. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2011.06.033

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  • Novel effects of CCN3 that may direct the differentiation of chondrocytes

    Danilo Janune, Satoshi Kubota, Takashi Nishida, Harumi Kawaki, Bernard Perbal, Seiji Iida, Masaharu Takigawa

    FEBS LETTERS   585 ( 19 )   3033 - 3040   2011年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Identification and characterization of local molecules directing the differentiation of chondrocytes to either transient or permanent cartilage are major issues in cartilage biology. Here, we found CCN family protein 3 (CCN3) was abundantly produced in rat developing epiphyseal cartilage. Evaluations in vitro showed that CCN3 repressed epiphyseal chondrocyte proliferation, while promoting matrix production in multiple assays performed. Furthermore, CCN3 enhanced the articular chondrocytic phenotype; whereas it repressed the one representing endochondral ossification. Additionally, the phenotype of growth plate chondrocytes and chondrogenic progenitors also appeared to be affected by CCN3 in a similar manner. These findings suggest a significant role of CCN3 in inducing chondrocytes to articular ones during joint formation. (C) 2011 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2011.08.024

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  • CCN3-mediated promotion of sulfated proteoglycan synthesis in rat chondrocytes from developing joint heads

    Danilo Janune, Satoshi Kubota, Noureddine Lazar, Bernard Perbal, Seiji Iida, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   5 ( 3 )   167 - 171   2011年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    Chondrocytes forming articular cartilage are embedded in a vast amount of extracellular matrix having physical stiffness and elasticity, properties that support the mechanical load from bones and enable the flexible movement of synovial joints. Unlike chondrocytes that conduct the growth of long bones by forming the growth plate, articular chondrocytes show suppressed cell proliferation, unless these cells are exposed to pathological conditions such as mechanical overload. In the present study, we found that one of the members of the CCN family, CCN3, was significantly expressed in chondrocytes isolated from the epiphyseal head in developing rat synovial joints. Evaluation of the effect of recombinant CCN3 on those chondrocytes revealed that CCN3 promoted proteoglycan synthesis, whereas this factor repressed the proliferation of the same cells. These results suggest a critical role for CCN3 in the regulation of the biological properties of articular chondrocytes.

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  • The role of CCN2 in cartilage and bone development

    Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   5 ( 3 )   209 - 217   2011年8月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    CCN2, a classical member of the CCN family of matricellular proteins, is a key molecule that conducts cartilage development in a harmonized manner through novel molecular actions. During vertebrate development, all cartilage is primarily formed by a process of mesenchymal condensation, while CCN2 is induced to promote this process. Afterwards, cartilage develops into several sub-types with different fates and missions, in which CCN2 plays its proper roles according to the corresponding microenvironments. The history of CCN2 in cartilage and bone began with its re-discovery in the growth cartilage in long bones, which determines the skeletal size through the process of endochondral ossification. CCN2 promotes physiological developmental processes not only in the growth cartilage but also in the other types of cartilages, i.e., Meckel's cartilage representing temporary cartilage without autocalcification, articular cartilage representing hyaline cartilage with physical stiffness, and auricular cartilage representing elastic cartilage. Together with its significant role in intramembranous ossification, CCN2 is regarded as a conductor of skeletogenesis. During cartilage development, the CCN2 gene is dynamically regulated to yield stage-specific production of CCN2 proteins at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. New functional aspects of known biomolecules have been uncovered during the course of investigating these regulatory systems in chondrocytes. Since CCN2 promotes integrated regeneration as well as generation (=development) of these tissues, its utility in regenerative therapy targeting chondrocytes and osteoblasts is indicated, as has already been supported by experimental evidence obtained in vivo.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-011-0123-5

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  • Increases in p53 expression induce CTGF synthesis by mouse and human hepatocytes and result in liver fibrosis in mice

    Takahiro Kodama, Tetsuo Takehara, Hayato Hikita, Satoshi Shimizu, Minoru Shigekawa, Hinako Tsunematsu, Wei Li, Takuya Miyagi, Atsushi Hosui, Tomohide Tatsumi, Hisashi Ishida, Tatsuya Kanto, Naoki Hiramatsu, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Yoshito Tomimaru, Akira Tomokuni, Hiroaki Nagano, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Norio Hayashi

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION   121 ( 8 )   3343 - 3356   2011年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC CLINICAL INVESTIGATION INC  

    The tumor suppressor p53 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of non-cancer-related conditions such as insulin resistance, cardiac failure, and early aging. In addition, accumulation of p53 has been observed in the hepatocytes of individuals with fibrotic liver diseases, but the significance of this is not known. Herein, we have mechanistically linked p53 activation in hepatocytes to liver fibrosis. Hepatocyte-specific deletion in mice of the gene encoding Mchm2, a protein that promotes p53 degradation, led to hepatocyte synthesis of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; the hepatic fibrogenic master switch), increased hepatocyte apoptosis, and spontaneous liver fibrosis; concurrent removal of p53 completely abolished this phenotype. Compared with wild-type controls, mice with hepatocyte-specific p53 deletion exhibited similar levels of hepatocyte apoptosis but decreased liver fibrosis and hepatic CTGF expression in two models of liver fibrosis. The clinical significance of these data was highlighted by two observations. First, p53 upregulated CTGF in a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line by repressing miR-17-92. Second, human liver samples showed a correlation between CTGF and p53-regulated gene expression, which were both increased in fibrotic livers. This study reveals that p53 induces CTGF expression and promotes liver fibrosis, suggesting that the p53/CTGF pathway may be a therapeutic target in the treatment of liver fibrosis.

    DOI: 10.1172/JCI44957

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  • Mechanical stretch increases CCN2/CTGF expression in anterior cruciate ligament-derived cells

    Yoshiaki Miyake, Takayuki Furumatsu, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Toshifumi Ozaki, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   409 ( 2 )   247 - 252   2011年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-to-bone interface serves to minimize the stress concentrations that would arise between two different tissues. Mechanical stretch plays an important role in maintaining cell-specific features by inducing CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF). We previously reported that cyclic tensile strain (CTS) stimulates alpha 1(I) collagen (COL1A1) expression in human ACL-derived cells. However, the biological function and stress-related response of CCN2/CTGF were still unclear in ACL fibroblasts. In the present study, CCN2/CTGF was observed in ACL-to-bone interface, but was not in the midsubstance region by immunohistochemical analyses. CTS treatments induced higher increase of CCN2/CTGF expression and secretion in interface cells compared with midsubstance cells. COL1A1 expression was not influenced by CCN2/CTGF treatment in interface cells despite CCN2/CTGF stimulated COL1A1 expression in midsubstance cells. However, CCN2/CTGF stimulated the proliferation of interface cells. Our results suggest that distinct biological function of stretch-induced CCN2/CTGF might regulate region-specific phenotypes of ACL-derived cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.04.138

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク1(LRP1)による軟骨細胞でのCCNファミリー2/結合組織成長因子(CCN2/CTGF)タンパク質輸送

    河田 かずみ, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 青山 絵理子, 近藤 誠二, 滝川 正春

    日本結合組織学会学術大会・マトリックス研究会大会合同学術集会プログラム・抄録集   43回・58回   76 - 76   2011年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本結合組織学会・マトリックス研究会  

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  • CCN Family 2/Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CCN2/CTGF) Promotes Osteoclastogenesis via Induction of and Interaction with Dendritic Cell-Specific Transmembrane Protein (DC-STAMP)

    Takashi Nishida, Kenji Emura, Satoshi Kubota, Karen M. Lyons, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   26 ( 2 )   351 - 363   2011年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) promotes endochondral ossification. However, the role of CCN2 in the replacement of hypertrophic cartilage with bone is still unclear. The phenotype of Ccn2 null mice, having an expanded hypertrophic zone, indicates that the resorption of the cartilage extracellular matrix is impaired therein. Therefore, we analyzed the role of CCN2 in osteoclastogenesis because cartilage extracellular matrix is resorbed mainly by osteoclasts during endochondral ossification. Expression of the Ccn2 gene was upregulated in mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 on day 6 after treatment of glutathione S transferase (GST) fusion mouse receptor activator of NF-kappa B ligand (GST-RANKL), and a combination of recombinant CCN2 (rCCN2) and GST-RANKL significantly enhanced tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP)-positive multinucleated cell formation compared with GST-RANKL alone. Therefore, we suspected the involvement of CCN2 in cell-cell fusion during osteoclastogenesis. To clarify the mechanism, we performed real-time PCR analysis of gene expression, coimmunoprecipitation analysis, and solid-phase binding assay of CCN2 and dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP), which is involved in cell-cell fusion. The results showed that CCN2 induced and interacted with DC-STAMP. Furthermore, GST-RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis was impaired in fetal liver cells from Ccn2 null mice, and the impaired osteoclast formation was rescued by the addition of exogenous rCCN2 or the forced expression of DC-STAMP by a retroviral vector. These results suggest that CCN2 expressed during osteoclastogenesis promotes osteoclast formation via induction of and interaction with DC-STAMP. (C) 2011 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

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  • Binding of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase to the cis-acting element of structure-anchored repression in ccn2 mRNA

    Seiji Kondo, Satoshi Kubota, Yoshiki Mukudai, Takashi Nishida, Yasuto Yoshihama, Tatsuo Shirota, Satoru Shintani, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   405 ( 3 )   382 - 387   2011年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) can be induced by hypoxia and promotes tumor angiogenesis. Our previous studies revealed that hypoxia-induced gene expression of human ccn2 mRNA is regulated post-transcriptionally in human chondrosarcoma-derived cell line, HCS-2/8, in which a minimal cis-element, entitled CAESAR, in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of ccn2 mRNA and a 35-kDa protein counterpart play an important role by determining the stability of ccn2 mRNA. In the present study, we identified this corresponding protein as glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) by utilizing RNA affinity chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. The results of an RNA binding assay revealed the specific binding of GAPDH to this cis-element. To further characterize the interaction between GAPDH and ccn2 mRNA, we examined the roles of redox conditions and glycolytic coenzyme in the binding of GAPDH to the ccn2 mRNA. An oxidizing agent, diamide, abolished the GAPDH-RNA interaction in a concentration-dependent manner; whereas this effect could be reversed by subsequent treatment with 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME). In addition, nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD), a coenzyme of GAPDH, inhibited the GAPDH-RNA binding. Taken together, these findings suggest that the glycolytic enzyme GAPDH regulates the gene expression of ccn2 mRNA in trans by acting as a sensor of oxidative stress and redox signals, leading to CCN2 overexpression under the condition of hypoxia and promotion of angiogenesis. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.01.034

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  • A Coding RNA Segment That Enhances the Ribosomal Recruitment of Chicken ccn1 mRNA

    Yoshiki Mukudai, Satoshi Kubota, Takanori Eguchi, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Danilo Janune, Seiji Kondo, Satoru Shintani, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   111 ( 6 )   1607 - 1618   2010年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    CCN1, a member of the CCN family of proteins, plays important physiological or pathological roles in a variety of tissues. In the present study, we initially found a highly guanine-cytosine (GC)-rich region of approximately 200 bp near the 5'-end of the open reading frame, which was always truncated by amplification of the corresponding cDNA region through the conventional polymerase chain reaction. An RNA in vitro folding assay and selective ribonuclease digestion of the corresponding segment of the ccn1 mRNA confirmed the involvement of a stable secondary structure. Subsequent RNA electromobility-shift assays demonstrated the specific binding of some cytoplasmic factor(s) in chicken embryo fibroblasts to the RNA segment. Moreover, the corresponding cDNA fragment strongly enhanced the expression of the reporter gene in cis at the 5'-end, but did not do so at the 3'-end. According to the results of a ribosomal assembly test, the effect of the mRNA segment can predominantly be ascribed to the enhancement of transport and/or entry of the mRNA into the ribosome. Finally, the minimal GC-rich mRNA segment that was predicted and demonstrated to form a secondary structure was confirmed to be a functional regulatory element. Thus, we here uncover a novel dual-functionality of the mRNA segment in the eat ! open reading frame, which segment acts as a cis-element that mediates posttranscriptional gene regulation, while retaining the information for the amino acid sequence of the resultant protein. J. Cell. Biochem. 111: 1607-1618, 2010. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcb.22894

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  • 軟骨細胞のCCN2蛋白質輸送における低比重リポ蛋白受容体関連蛋白質1(LRP1)の役割(Role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) in CCN2 protein transportation in chondrocytes)

    河田 かずみ, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 青山 絵理子, 近藤 誠二, 滝川 正春

    日本生化学会大会・日本分子生物学会年会合同大会講演要旨集   83回・33回   2T10 - 12   2010年12月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • Identification of miR-1 as a micro RNA that supports late-stage differentiation of growth cartilage cells

    Kumi Sumiyoshi, Satoshi Kubota, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Kazumi Kawata, Takashi Nishida, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Takashi Yamashiro, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   402 ( 2 )   286 - 290   2010年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    The process of endochondral ossification is strictly regulated by a variety of extracellular and intracellular factors. Recently, it has become recognized that specific miRNAs are involved in this process by regulating the expression of the relevant genes at the post-transcriptional level. In this present study we obtained the first evidence of the involvement of a specific micro RNA (miRNA) in the regulation of the chondrocyte phenotype during late stages of differentiation. By use of the microarray technique, miR-1 was identified as this miRNA, the expression of which was most repressed upon hypertrophic differentiation. Transfection of human chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells and chicken normal chondrocytes with miR-1 led to repressed expression of aggrecan, the major cartilaginous proteoglycan gene. Therefore, miR-1 was found to be involved in the regulation of the chondrocytic phenotype and thus to play an important role in chondrocytes during the late stage of the differentiation process, maintaining the integrity of the cartilage tissue. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.10.016

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  • CCN1遺伝子転写後調節に関与するmiRNAの機能解析

    住吉 久美, 久保田 聡, 西田 崇, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春

    Journal of Oral Biosciences   52 ( Suppl )   133 - 133   2010年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • Design and utility of CCN2 anchor peptide aptamers

    Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Eriko Aoyama, Naoya Fujita, Hiroshi Hanagata, Akira Miyauchi, Kenta Nakai, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHIMIE   92 ( 8 )   1010 - 1015   2010年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER  

    CCN family protein 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) consists of 4 conserved modules that are highly interactive with a number of biomolecules. With such interaction, CCN2 exerts multiple functions by forming an extracellular information network. In the present study, we screened for dodecapeptide sequences that bound to each module of human CCN2 by using a bacteriophage display library. Thereafter, consensus amino acid sequences for the binding to individual modules were extracted in silico and utilized to design anchor peptide aptamers that would facilitate the interaction between CCN2 and other molecules. Direct binding of a few peptides to CCN2 was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance analysis. Subsequent biological assay indicated that one such peptide was capable of promoting the proliferation of CCN2-producing chondrocytic cells. This cell biological activity was found to be sequence specific and CCN2 dependent. Since CCN2/CTGF was shown to be effective in articular cartilage/bone regeneration in vivo, utility of such peptide aptamers in CCN2-associated regenerative therapeutics is suggested herein. (C) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2010.04.021

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク1(LRP1)による軟骨細胞でのタンパク質輸送

    河田 かずみ, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 青山 絵理子, 近藤 誠二, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   28回   188 - 188   2010年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Thrombopoietic-mesenchymal interaction that may facilitate both endochondral ossification and platelet maturation via CCN2

    Kumi Sumiyoshi, Satoshi Kubota, Rika A. Furuta, Kazuta Yasui, Eriko Aoyama, Harumi Kawaki, Kazumi Kawata, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Takashi Yamashiro, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   4 ( 1 )   5 - 14   2010年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    CCN2 plays a central role in the development and growth of mesenchymal tissue and promotes the regeneration of bone and cartilage in vivo. Of note, abundant CCN2 is contained in platelets, which is thought to play an important role in the tissue regeneration process. In this study, we initially pursued the possible origin of the CCN2 in platelets. First, we examined if the CCN2 in platelets was produced by megakaryocyte progenitors during differentiation. Unexpectedly, neither megakaryocytic CMK cells nor megakaryocytes that had differentiated from human haemopoietic stem cells in culture showed any detectable CCN2 gene expression or protein production. Together with the fact that no appreciable CCN2 was detected in megakaryocytes in vivo, these results suggest that megakaryocytes themselves do not produce CCN2. Next, we suspected that mesenchymal cells situated around megakaryocytes in the bone marrow were stimulated by the latter to produce CCN2, which was then taken up by platelets. To evaluate this hypothesis, we cultured human chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells with medium conditioned by differentiating megakaryocyte cultures, and then monitored the production of CCN2 by the cells. As suspected, CCN2 production by HCS-2/8 was significantly enhanced by the conditioned medium. We further confirmed that human platelets were able to absorb/uptake exogenous CCN2 in vitro. These findings indicate that megakaryocytes secrete some unknown soluble factor(s) during differentiation, which factor stimulates the mesenchymal cells to produce CCN2 for uptake by the platelets. We also consider that, during bone growth, such thrombopoietic-mesenchymal interaction may contribute to the hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific accumulation of CCN2 that conducts endochondral ossification.

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  • Role of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-1 in Regulation of Chondrocyte Differentiation

    Kazumi Kawata, Satoshi Kubota, Takanori Eguchi, Norifumi H. Moritani, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Seiji Kondo, Takashi Nishida, Shogo Minagi, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY   222 ( 1 )   138 - 148   2010年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

    The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is known as an endocytic and signal transmission receptor. We formerly reported the gene expression and the localization of LRP1 in cartilage tissue and chondrocytes, but its roles in the differentiation of chondrocytes remained to be investigated. Here, in order to address this issue, we employed RNAi strategy to knockdown Irpl in chondrocytic cells and obtained findings indicating a critical role therein. As a result of IrpI knockdown, aggrecan and col2a1 mRNA levels were decreased. However, that of col10a1 or mmp13 mRNA was rather increased. Under this condition, we performed a promoter assay for Axing, which is known to be induced by activation of the WNT/beta-catenin (beta cat) signaling pathway. Thereby, we found that Axing promoter activity was enhanced in the Irpl knockdown cells. Furthermore, when the WNT/beta-catenin pathway was activated in chondrocytic cells by WNT3a or SB216763, which inhibits the phosphorylation of GSK3 beta, the mRNA levels of aggrecan and col2a1 were decreased, whereas that of mmp13 was increased. Additionally, the level of phosphorylated protein kinase C (PKC) zeta was also decreased in the Irp1 knockdown cells. When the phosphorylation of PKC zeta was selectively inhibited, aggrecan and col2a1 mRNA levels decreased, whereas the mmp13 mRNA level increased. These data demonstrate that LRP1 exerts remarkable effects to retain the mature phenotype of chondrocytes as a critical mediator of cell signaling. Our findings also indicate that the onset of hypertrophy during endochondral ossification appears to be particularly dependent on the WNT and PKC signaling initiated by LRP1. J. Cell. Physiol. 222: 138-148, 2010. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcp.21930

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  • Nicotine-induced CCN2: from Smoking to Periodontal Fibrosis

    H. Takeuchi, S. Kubota, E. Murakashi, Y. Zhou, K. Endo, P. S. Ng, M. Takigawa, Y. Numabe

    JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH   89 ( 1 )   34 - 39   2010年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC  

    Since fibrosis is observed in smokers' gingiva, it was hypothesized that fibrosis was caused by nicotine in the periodontium. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of nicotine on the induction of a profibrotic molecule, connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF), in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and periodontal ligament (PDL) cells. With 1 mu g/mL nicotine, vacuolization and attenuated proliferation were observed. Interestingly, 1 mu g/mL nicotine increased the production of CCN2/CTGF protein in both cells without increasing mRNA expression. Furthermore, type I collagen mRNA and protein were also increased and were significantly blocked by a CCN2/CTGF neutralizing antibody. This is the first report to describe a relationship between nicotine and CCN2/CTGF in periodontal tissue cells. Analysis of our data also indicated that nicotine was cytotoxic, while it increased CCN2/CTGF and, eventually, type I collagen production. These findings suggest that periodontal fibrosis can be promoted by nicotine from smoking via effects on CCN2/CTGF.

    DOI: 10.1177/0022034509353403

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  • Cooperative Regulation of Cell Proliferation and Differentiation by CCN2 and CCN3 査読

    Masaharu Takigawa, Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Karen M. Lyons, Bernard Perbal

    CCN PROTEINS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE: AN OVERVIEW OF THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE CCN FAMILY OF GENES   105 - +   2010年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN  

    In this chapter, we introduce a new trend in the field of CCN proteins research, that is, the yin/yang effects of CCN2 and CCN3 and the mutual regulation of ccn2 and ccn3 gene expression by these two proteins. These findings point out the need for a more thorough investigation of functional interactions between CCN proteins in normal and pathological conditions

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  • Identification of miR-1 as a micro RNA that supports late-stage differentiation of growth cartilage cells

    Sumiyoshi K, Kubota S, Ohgawara T, Kawata K, Nishida T, Shimo T, Yamashiro T, Takigawa M

    Biochem Biophys Res Commun   402 ( 286 )   290   2010年

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  • Novel Transcriptional Regulation of CCN2/CTGF by Nuclear Translocation of MMP3 査読

    Takanori Eguchi, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Yoshiki Mukudai, Junji Uehara, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Soichiro Ibaragi, Akira Sasaki, Takuo Kuboki, Masaharu Takigawa

    CCN PROTEINS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE: AN OVERVIEW OF THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE CCN FAMILY OF GENES   255 - +   2010年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN  

    CCN2/CTGF, previously known as Connective Tissue Growth Factor, is a crucial regulator of extra-cellular matrix (ECM), which promotes ECM synthesis and stabilization. As their family name clearly implies, matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are also localized in the ECM, where they function as proteases, modulating cell signaling by cleaving proteins such as matrix proteins, growth factors and growth factor receptors. Strong expression of CCN2/CTGF in chondrocytic cells occurs through transcription enhancer dominant in chondrocytes (TRENDIC). Matrix metalloprotease-3 (MMP3) is a novel TRENDIC-binding transcription factor for CCN2/CTGF expression. First, MMP3 cDNA was cloned as a TRENDIC-binding factor by Southwestern screening. The interaction between MMP3 and TRENDIC was confirmed by a gel shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation. The CCN2/CTGF promoter was activated by transfected MMP3, whereas a TRENDIC mutant for the promoter lost the response. In addition, the knockdown of MMP3 suppressed CCN2/CTGF expression. Cytochemical and histochemical analyses demonstrated that MMP3 was detected in the nuclei of chondrocytic cells in culture and also in the nuclei of normal and osteoarthritic chondrocytes in vivo. The nuclear translocation of externally added recombinant MMP3 was observed in 30 min after the addition, and six putative nuclear localization signals were found in MMP3. These results indicated a novel trans-activation mechanism of CCN2/CTGF by the nuclear translocation of MMP3 through binding with TRENDIC in chondrocytes. Although MMPs historically had been recognized as a protease for extra-cellular proteins, this study indicated that it also stimulates ECM synthesis through CCN2/CTGF trans-activation. This novel regulatory role of the ECM may contribute to understanding the mechanism of not only the development, but also the pathogenesis of arthritis fibrosis and periodontitis.

    DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-3779-4_19

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9600-4430

  • Nucleophosmin/B23: A Multifunctional Regulator that Determines the Fate of CCN2 mRNA 査読

    Satoshi Kubota, Yoshiki Mukudai, Harumi Kawaki, Seiji Kondo, Takanori Eguchi, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Masaharu Takigawa

    CCN PROTEINS IN HEALTH AND DISEASE: AN OVERVIEW OF THE FIFTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON THE CCN FAMILY OF GENES   41 - +   2010年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN  

    CCN2/CTGF is a multifunctional molecule that has been shown to play a central role in chondrocyte differentiation. During this process, the expression of ccn2 is tightly regulated to confer a maximal level at prehypertrophic - hypertrophic stages, in which the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the mRNA is critically involved in mediating its post-transcriptional regulation. In our previous studies, we found that a 40-kDa protein binding specifically to an RNA cis-element, 3'-100/50, in the 3'-UTR of the chicken ccn2 mRNA regulated the intracellular stability of the mRNA. The interaction of this 40-kDa protein with 3'-100/50 was enhanced in proliferating chondrocytes, in which ccn2 mRNA is rapidly degraded; whereas a prolonged half life of ccn2 mRNA is observed in hypertrophic chondrocytes, where the interaction of the 40 kDa-protein and 3'-100/50 is diminished. Collectively, the data suggested that this 40-kDa protein acts as a ccn2-specific mRNA destabilizer during chondrocyte differentiation.
    In this present study we finally identified this 40-kDa protein as nucleophosmin (NPM)/B23. NPM is a nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling protein that is characterized by its multiple functionality. This protein is known to be a histone chaperone, a regulator of ribosomal RNA transcription, as well as an RNA-binding post-transcriptional regulator of gene expression. In our hands, direct binding of NPM to 3'-100/50 was confirmed not only by RNA EMSA and UV crosslinking assays, but also by RNA immunoprecipitation analysis. By using recombinant chicken NPM, we could successfully reconstitute the post-transcriptional regulation of ccn2 by NPM in vitro and found that this regulation was more robust in chondrocytes than in fibroblasts. Furthermore, siRNA-mediated gene silencing of NPM in vivo clearly showed enhanced ccn2 gene expression and a prolonged half life of the ccn2 mRNA, confirming the functional property of NPM as a specific destabilizer of the ccn2 mRNA in living cells.
    The 5'-100/50 element, a target of NPM, is evolutionally conserved among vertebrate species. Therefore, we consider NPM to be a critical post-transcriptional regulator of ccn2 acting via 3'-UTR during endochondral ossification and possibly, in other physiological and pathological states as well.

    DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-3779-4_4

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    その他リンク: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9600-4430

  • 結合組織成長因子(CTGF/CCN2)と軟骨形成

    久保田聡, 滝川正春

    骨粗鬆症治療   9   287 - 290   2010年

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるCCN2遺伝子の転写後調節機構におけるNucleophosmin/B23の機能的意義

    住吉 久美, 久保田 聡, 椋代 義樹, 近藤 誠二, 川木 晴美, 江口 傑徳, 大河原 敏博, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春

    日本生化学会大会プログラム・講演要旨集   82回   3T18a - 8   2009年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の軟骨細胞分化における多面的作用機構

    河田 かずみ, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 青山 絵理子, 森谷 徳文, 近藤 誠二, 西田 崇, 皆木 省吾, 滝川 正春

    日本生化学会大会プログラム・講演要旨集   82回   4T4p - 9   2009年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • Nucleophosmin/B23によるChicken CCN2遺伝子の軟骨細胞特異的転写後調節

    住吉 久美, 久保田 聡, 椋代 義樹, 近藤 誠二, 川木 晴美, 江口 傑徳, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春

    Journal of Oral Biosciences   51 ( Suppl. )   105 - 105   2009年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の軟骨細胞分化における機能とその作用機構

    河田 かずみ, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 青山 絵理子, 森谷 徳文, 近藤 誠二, 西田 崇, 皆木 省吾, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   27回   179 - 179   2009年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • N-terminal domains of CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor bind to aggrecan

    Eriko Aoyama, Takako Hattori, Mitsuhiro Hoshijima, Daisuke Araki, Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL   420   413 - 420   2009年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    CCN2/CTGF (CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor) is a multi-cellular protein with a broad range of activities. It modulates many cellular functions, including proliferation, migration, adhesion and extracellular matrix production, and it is thus involved in many biological and pathological processes. In particular, CCN2/CTGF is essential for normal skeletal development. To identify CCN2/CTGF-interactive proteins capable of modulating its action in cartilage, we carried Out a yeast two-hybrid screening using CCN2/CTGF peptide as a bait and a cDNA library from a chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8. In the present paper, we report the identification of aggrecan, which is a major proteoglycan of the extracellular matrix in cartilage, its a CCN2/CTGF-binding protein. Among the four domains of CCN2/CTGF, the IGFBP [IGF (insulin-like growth factor)-binding protein-like] and/or VWC (von Willebrand factor type C) domains had a direct interaction with aggrecan in a yeast two-hybrid assay. The results of a solid-phase-binding assay using aggrecan-coated plates also showed binding to recombinant CCN2/CTGF in a dose-dependent manner. rIGFBP (recombinant IGFBP) and rVWC (recombinant VWC) module peptides had stronger binding to aggrecan compared with rTSP1 (recombinant thrombospondin type I repeat) and rCT (recombinant C-terminal cystine knot) module peptides. SPR (surface plasmon resonance) analysis showed the direct interaction between the CCN2/CTGF and aggrecan. and ectopically overexpressed CCN2/CTGF and AgG3 (G3 domain of aggrecan) confirmed their binding in vivo. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis indicated that CCN2/CTGF was extracellularly co-localized with aggrecan on HCS-2/8 cells. The rIGFBP-rVWC peptide effectively enhanced tire production and release of aggrecan compared with the rTSP-rCT peptide in chondrocytes. These results indicate that CCN2/CTGF binds to aggrecan through its N-terminal IGFBP and VWC Modules. and this binding may be related to the CCN2/CTGF-enhanced production and secretion of aggrecan by chondrocytes.

    DOI: 10.1042/BJ20081991

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  • Effect of TGF-β1 on CCN2/CTGF in normal human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells.

    Takeuchi, H, Kubota, S, Murakashi, E, Fukada, T, Hashimoto, S, Takigawa, M, Numabe, Y

    J periodontal. Res.   44 ( 2 )   161 - 169   2009年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2008.01093.x

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  • Regulation of chondrocytic phenotype by micro RNA 18a: Involvement of Ccn2/Ctgf as a major target gene

    Toshihiro Ohgawara, Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Seiji Kondo, Takanori Eguchi, Naito Kurio, Eriko Aoyama, Akira Sasaki, Masaharu Takigawa

    FEBS LETTERS   583 ( 6 )   1006 - 1010   2009年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    We searched for miRNAs that were down-regulated in chondrocytic cells and predicted to target CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) that promotes endochondral ossification. Among them, expression of miR-18a was most strongly repressed in chondrocytic cells. Reporter gene analysis confirmed the functionality of an miR-18a target in the 3'-untranslated region of Ccn2 mRNA, which was predicted in silico. Indeed, introduction of miR-18a efficiently repressed the CCN2 production from chondrocytic cells. Finally, transfected miR-18a significantly repressed the mature chondrocytic phenotype. Our present study revealed a regulatory role for miR-18a in chondrocytic differentiation through CCN2. (C) 2009 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2009.02.025

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  • CCN Family 2/Connective Tissue Growth Factor Modulates BMP Signalling as a Signal Conductor, Which Action Regulates the Proliferation and Differentiation of Chondrocytes

    Azusa Maeda, Takashi Nishida, Eriko Aoyama, Satoshi Kubota, Karen M. Lyons, Takuo Kuboki, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY   145 ( 2 )   207 - 216   2009年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    Both CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 play an important role in cartilage metabolism. We evaluated whether or not CCN2 would interact with BMP-2, and examined the combination effect of CCN2 with BMP-2 (CCN2-BMP-2) on the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes. Immunoprecipitation-western blotting analysis, solid-phase binding assay and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy showed that CCN2 directly interacted with BMP-2 with a dissociation constant of 0.77 nM as evaluated by SPR. An in vivo study revealed that CCN2 was co-localized with BMP-2 at the pre-hypertrophic region in the E18.5 mouse growth plate. Interestingly, CCN2-BMP-2 did not affect the BMP-2/CCN2-induced phosphorylation of p38 MAPK but caused less phosphorylation of ERK1/2 in cultured chondrocytes. Consistent with these results, cell proliferation assay showed that CCN2-BMP-2 stimulated cell growth to a lesser degree than by either CCN2 or BMP-2 alone, whereas the expression of chondrocyte marker genes and proteoglycan synthesis, representing the mature chondrocytic phenotype, was increased collaboratively by CCN2-BMP-2 treatment in cultured chondrocytes. These findings suggest that CCN2 may regulate the proliferating and differentiation of chondrocytes by forming a complex with BMP-2 as a novel modulator of BMP signalling.

    DOI: 10.1093/jb/mvn159

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  • CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CFGF) regulates the expression of Vegf through Hif-1 alpha expression in a chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8, under hypoxic condition

    Takashi Nishida, Seiji Kondo, Azusa Maeda, Satoshi Kubota, Karen M. Lyons, Masaharu Takigawa

    BONE   44 ( 1 )   24 - 31   2009年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is essential for establishing vascularization and regulating chondrocyte development and survival. We have demonstrated that VEGF regulates the expression of CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) an essential mediator of cartilage development and angiogenesis, suggesting that CCN2 functions in down-stream of VEGF, and that VEGF function is mediated in part by CCN2. On the other hand, the phenotype of Ccn2 mutant growth plates, which exhibit decreased expression of VEGF in the hypertrophic zone, indicates that Vegf expression is dependent on Ccn2 expression as well. Therefore, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the induction of VEGF by CCN2 using a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8. Hypoxic stimulation (5% O(2)) of HCS-2/8 cells increased VEGF mRNA levels by similar to 8 fold within 6 h as compared with the cells cultured under normoxia. In addition, VEGF expression was further up-regulated under hypoxia in HCS-2/8 cells transfected with a Ccn2 expression plasmid. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 alpha mRNA and protein levels were increased by stimulation with recombinant CCN2 (rCCN2). Furthermore, the activity of a VEGF promoter that contained a HIF-1 binding site was increased in HCS-2/8, when the cells were stimulated by rCCN2. These results suggest that CCN2 regulates the expression of VEGF at a transcriptional level by promoting HIF-1 alpha activity. In fact, HIF-1 alpha was detected in the nuclei of proliferative and pre-hypertrophic chondrocytes of wild-type mice, whereas it was not detected in Ccn2 Mutant chondrocytes in vivo. This activation cascade from CCN2 to VEGF may therefore play a critical role in chondrocyte development and survival. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2008.08.125

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  • Cooperative Regulation of Chondrocyte Differentiation by CCN2 and CCN3 Shown by a Comprehensive Analysis of the CCN Family Proteins in Cartilage

    Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Akiko Suzuki, Noureddine Lazar, Tomohiro Yamada, Tatsushi Matsumura, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Takeyasu Maeda, Bernard Perbal, Karen M. Lyons, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   23 ( 11 )   1751 - 1764   2008年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    CCN2 is best known as a promoter of chondrocyte differentiation among the CCN family members. and its null mice display skeletal dysmorphisms. However, little is known concerning roles of the other CCN members in chondrocytes. Using both in vivo and in vitro approaches, We conducted a comparative analysis of CCN2-null and wildtype mice to study the roles of CCN2 and the other CCN proteins in cartilage development. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the localization of CCN proteins and other chondrocyte-associated molecules in the two types of mice. Moreover, gene expression levels and the effects of exogenous CCN proteins oil chondrocyte proliferation, differentiation, and the expression of chondrocyte-associated genes in their primary chondrocytes were evaluated. Ccn3 was dramatically upregulated in CCN2-null cartilage and chondrocytes. This upregulation was associated with diminished cell proliferation and delayed differentiation. Consistent with the in vivo findings, CCN2 deletion entirely retarded chondrocyte terminal differentiation and decreased the expression of several chondrocyte-associated genes ill vitro. whereas CcO expression drastically increased. In contrast, the addition Of exogenous CCN2 promoted differentiation strongly and induced the expression of the associated genes. whereas decreasing, the CcO expression. These findings collectively indicate that CCN2 induces chondrocyte differentiation by regulating the expression of chondrocyte-associated genes but that these effects are counteracted by CCN3. The lack of CCN2 caused upregulation of CCN3 in CCN2-null mice, which resulted in the observed phenotypes, Such as the resultant delay of terminal differentiation. The involvement of the PTHrP-Ihh loop in the regulation of CCN3 expression is also suggested.

    DOI: 10.1359/JBMR.080615

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  • Posttranscriptional regulation of chicken ccn2 gene expression by nucleophosmin/B23 during chondrocyte differentiation

    Yoshiki Mukudai, Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Seiji Kondo, Takanori Eguchi, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Tsuyoshi Shimo, Masaharu Takigawa

    MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY   28 ( 19 )   6134 - 6147   2008年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY  

    CCN2/CTGF is a multifunctional factor that plays a crucial role in the growth and differentiation of chondrocytes. The chicken ccn2 gene is regulated not only at the transcriptional level but also by the interaction between a posttranscriptional element in the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) and a cofactor. In the present study, we identified a nucleophosmin (NPM) (also called B23) as this cofactor. Binding of NPM to the element was confirmed, and subsequent analysis revealed a significant correlation between the decrease in cytosolic NPM and the increased stability of the ccn2 mRNA during chondrocyte differentiation in vivo. Furthermore, recombinant chicken NPM enhanced the degradation of chimeric RNAs containing the posttranscriptional cis elements in a chicken embryonic fibroblast extract in vitro. It is noteworthy that the RNA destabilization effect by NPM was far more prominent in the cytosolic extract of chondrocytes than in that of fibroblasts, representing a chondrocyte-specific action of NPM. Stimulation by growth factors to promote differentiation changed the subcellular distribution of NPM in chondrocytes, which followed the expected patterns from the resultant change in the ccn2 mRNA stability. Therefore, the present study reveals a novel aspect of NPM as a key player in the posttranscriptional regulation of ccn2 mRNA during the differentiation of chondrocytes.

    DOI: 10.1128/MCB.00495-08

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  • マイクロRNA 18aによるCcn2/Ctgf遺伝子を介した軟骨細胞分化の制御機構の解明

    大河原 敏博, 久保田 聡, 川木 晴美, 近藤 誠二, 江口 傑徳, 佐々木 朗, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   26回   168 - 168   2008年10月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Distribution, gene expression, and functional role of EphA4 during ossification

    Chisa Kuroda, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Eriko Aoyama, Kumi Sumiyoshi, Morihiko Oka, Miho Inoue, Shogo Minagi, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   374 ( 1 )   22 - 27   2008年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    EphA4 receptor tyrosine kinase has been shown to be critically involved in neural tissue development. Here, we found EphA4 was also distributed among hypertrophic chondrocytes and osteoblasts in the growth plate of developing mouse long bones. In vitro evaluation revealed that ephA4 expression was elevated Upon hypertrophic differentiation of chondrocytes and that markedly stronger expression was observed in osteoblastic SaOS-2 than chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells. Of note, RNAi-mediated silencing of ephA4 in SaOS-2 cells resulted in the repression of osteocalcin gene expression and alkaline phosphatase activity. Interestingly, confocal laser-scanning Microscopic analysis revealed the presence of EphA4 molecules in the nucleus as well as on the surface of SaOS-2 cells. These findings are the first indication of a critical role of EphA4 in ossification, especially at the final stage in which osteoblasts and hypertrophic chondrocytes play major roles. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.06.089

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  • 乳癌および軟骨肉腫細胞におけるMicro RNA 18aのCCN2遺伝子発現抑制様態の比較解析(Comparative analysis of micro RNA 18a and CCN2 gene expression in breast cancer and chondrosarcoma cells)

    大河原 敏博, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 佐々木 朗, 滝川 正春

    日本癌学会総会記事   67回   305 - 305   2008年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:日本癌学会  

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  • CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) stimulates proliferation and differentiation of auricular chondrocytes

    T. Fujisawa, T. Hattori, M. Ono, J. Uehara, S. Kubota, T. Kuboki, M. Takigawa

    OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE   16 ( 7 )   787 - 795   2008年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:W B SAUNDERS CO LTD  

    Objectives: CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is an atypical growth factor for growth plate chondrocytes. It plays an important role in their proliferation and differentiation in vitro, but does not stimulate hypertrophy or calcification of articular chondrocytes. We herein report for the first time that CCN2/CTGF promotes growth and differentiation of auricular chondrocytes and maintains their molecular phenotype in vitro and in vivo.
    Methods: Auricular chondrocytes were isolated from rabbit auricular cartilage by trypsin-collagenase treatment, and treated with human recombinant CCN2/CTGF or infected with adenovirus harboring the ccn2/ctgf gene. Cell proliferation was measured by [3 H] thymidine incorporation and MTS assay, and changes in gene expression of auricular chondrocyte markers were monitored by real-time polymerase chain reaction, Northern hybridization, and histological analysis. For in vivo studies, auricular chondrocytes were cultured as pellets and implanted subcutaneously after treatment of recombinant human CCN2/CTGF. Ectopically formed cartilage was subjected to histological analysis. Cell death was monitored by in situ TUNEL analysis.
    Results: CCN2/CTGF stimulated proliferation, differentiation and synthesis of elastin and proteoglycans of rabbit primary auricular chondrocytes in a dose-dependent manner. CCN2/CTGF caused a 2.5-fold increase in the expression of elastin in comparison to the control, resulting in enhanced deposition of elastin fibers in a monolayer culture of auricular chondrocytes. Mineralization was not induced; in contrast, CCN2/CTGF stimulated expression of matrix gla protein which is known to impair mineralization. Furthermore, pretreatment of pellets of auricular chondrocytes with CCN2/CTGF and subcutaneous implantation significantly enhanced the growth of ectopic auricular cartilage pieces expressing phenotypic markers of auricular chondrocytes including type 11 and X collagen. Notably, chondrocyte apoptosis was impaired by CCN2/CTGF.
    Conclusions: These findings show that CCN2/CTGF may be a suitable agent for promoting differentiation and growth of auricular chondrocytes, while preventing mineralization and apoptosis, and suggests that CCN2/CTGF may be useful for the repair or reconstruction Of Elastic cartilage. (C) 2007 Ostecarthritis Research Society International. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.joca.2007.11.001

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  • Induction of hepatocyte growth factor expression by maleic acid in human fibroblasts through MAPK activation

    Takahiro Motoki, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Yohsuke Matsumoto, Tomoe Tsuji, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Eiichi Gohda

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   104 ( 4 )   1465 - 1476   2008年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

    Carboxylic acids have various biological activities and play critical roles in cellular metabolic pathways such as the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. It has been shown that some carboxylic acids induce cell proliferation and production of cytokines or growth factors. However,there have been no reports on effects of carboxylic acids on hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) expression. In this study, we found that only maleic acid among various carboxylic acids examined markedly induced HGF production from human dermal fibroblasts. Maleic acid also induced HGF production from human lung fibroblasts and neuroblastoma cells. The stimulatory effect was accompanied by upregulation of HGF gene expression. Increase in phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) but not in phosphorylation of p38 was observed from 6 h and up to 24 h after maleic acid addition. The ERK kinase inhibitor PD98059 and the JNK inhibitor SP6001 25 potently inhibited maleic acid-induced HGF production, while the p38 inhibitor SB203580 did not significantly inhibit the production. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximicle completely inhibited upregulation of HGF mRNA induced by maleic acid but superinduced HGF mRNA expression upregulated by I 2-0-tetradecanoylphorbol I 3-acetate (TPA). These resu Its suggest that maleic acid indirectly induced HGF expression from human dermal fibroblasts through activation of ERK and JNK and thatcle novo protein synthesis is required for maleic acid-induced upregulation of HGF mRNA.

    DOI: 10.1002/jeb.21724

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  • Clinical significance and pathogenic function of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) in osteolytic mandibular squamous cell carcinoma

    Tsuyoshi Shimo, Satoshi Kubota, Takeshi Goda, Yasuto Yoshihama, Naito Kurio, Takashi Nishida, Poh-Sing Ng, Koki Endo, Masaharu Takigawa, Akira Sasaki

    ANTICANCER RESEARCH   28 ( 4C )   2343 - 2348   2008年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:INT INST ANTICANCER RESEARCH  

    Background: Mandibular bone destruction is a frequent occurrence in oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, the relationship between the bone destruction and associated factors is unclear. Here, the role and diagnostic utility of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2) in bone destruction of the mandible was investigated. Patients and Methods: The production of CCN2 was explored by using immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded tissues from 20 cases of mandibular squamous cell carcinoma. The effect of CCN2 on osteoclastogenesis was examined in vitro by using total bone marrow cell populations from male mice. Results: Immunohistochemical analysis showed that CCN2-positive signals were closely associated with destructive invasion of the mandible by oral squamous cell carcinomas. Consistent with these results, recombinant human CCN2 (rCCN2) stimulated tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive osteoclast-like cell formation in vitro. Conclusion: CCN2 can be considered a diagnostic marker and target for treatment in oral osteolytic mandibular squamous cell carcinoma.

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  • Promotion of bone regeneration by CCN2 incorporated into gelatin hydrogel

    Takeshi Kikuchi, Satoshi Kubota, Koji Asaumi, Harumi Kawaki, Takashi Nishida, Kazumi Kawata, Shigeru Mitani, Yasuhiko Tabata, Toshifumi Ozaki, Masaharu Takigawa

    TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A   14 ( 6 )   1089 - 1098   2008年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MARY ANN LIEBERT, INC  

    CCN family protein 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is a unique molecule that promotes the entire endochondral ossification process and regeneration of damaged articular cartilage. Also, CCN2 has been shown to enhance the adhesion and migration of bone marrow stromal cells as well as the growth and differentiation of osteoblasts; hence, its utility in bone regeneration has been suggested. Here, we evaluated the effect of CCN2 on the regeneration of an intractable bone defect in a rat model. First, we prepared two recombinant CCN2s of different origins, and the one showing the stronger effect on osteoblasts in vitro was selected for further evaluation, based on the result of an in vitro bioassay. Next, to obtain a sustained effect, the recombinant CCN2 was incorporated into gelatin hydrogel that enabled the gradual release of the factor. Evaluation in vivo indicated that CCN2 continued to be released at least for up to 14 days after its incorporation. Application of the gelatin hydrogel-CCN2 complex, together with a collagen scaffold to the bone defect prepared in a rat femur resulted in remarkable induction of osteoblastic mineralization markers within 2 weeks. Finally, distinct enhancement of bone regeneration was observed 3 weeks after the application of the complex. These results confirm the utility of CCN2 in the regeneration of intractable bone defects in vivo when the factor is incorporated into gelatin hydrogel.

    DOI: 10.1089/ten.tea.2007.0167

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  • CCN2遺伝子関連ノンコーディングRNAの軟骨細胞様HCS-2/8細胞における発現

    大河原 敏博, 久保田 聡, 川木 晴美, 近藤 誠二, 佐々木 朗, 滝川 正春

    岡山歯学会雑誌   27 ( 1 )   63 - 63   2008年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:岡山歯学会  

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  • Novel transcription factor-like function of human matrix metalloproteinase 3 regulating the CTGF/CCN2 gene

    Takanori Eguchi, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Yoshiki Mukudai, Junji Uehara, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Soichiro Ibaragi, Akira Sasaki, Takuo Kuboki, Masaharu Takigawa

    MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY   28 ( 7 )   2391 - 2413   2008年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY  

    Matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) is well known as a secretory endopeptidase that degrades extracellular matrices. Recent reports indicated the presence of MMPs in the nucleus (A. J. Kwon et al., FASEB J. 18:690-692, 2004); however, its function has not been well investigated. Here, we report a novel function of human nuclear MMP3 as a trans regulator of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF). Initially, we cloned MMP3 cDNA as a DNA-binding factor for the CCN2/CTGF gene. An interaction between MMP3 and transcription enhancer dominant in chondrocytes (TRENDIC) in the CCN2/CTGF promoter was confirmed by a gel shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation. The CCN2/CTGF promoter was activated by overexpressed MMP3, whereas a TRENDIC mutant promoter lost the response. Also, the knocking down of MMP3 suppressed CCN2/CTGF expression. By cytochemical and histochemical analyses, MMP3 was detected in the nuclei of chondrocytic cells in culture and also in the nuclei of normal and osteoarthritic chondrocytes in vivo. The nuclear translocation of externally added recombinant MMP3 and six putative nuclear localization signals in MMP3 also were shown. Furthermore, we determined that heterochromatin protein gamma coordinately regulates CCN2/CTGF by interacting with MMP3. The involvement of this novel role of MMP3 in the development, tissue remodeling, and pathology of arthritic diseases through CCN2/CTGF regulation thus is suggested.

    DOI: 10.1128/MCB.01288-07

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  • Plasma connective tissue growth factor is a novel potential biomarker of cardiac dysfunction in patients with chronic heart failure

    Norimichi Koitabashi, Masashi Arai, Kazuo Niwano, Atai Watanabe, Michiko Endoh, Masahiko Suguta, Tomoyuki Yokoyama, Hiroshi Tada, Takuji Toyama, Hitoshi Adachi, Shigeto Naito, Shigeru Oshima, Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Masahiko Kurabayashi

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE   10 ( 4 )   373 - 379   2008年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    Background: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been recently reported as a mediator of myocardial fibrosis; however, the significance of plasma CTGF concentration has not been evaluated in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical utility of plasma CTGF concentration for the diagnosis of heart failure.
    Methods and results: We evaluated fifty-two patients with chronic heart failure. The plasma concentration of CTGF and other markers of fibrosis were assessed and compared with clinical and echocardiographic data. Plasma CTGF was significantly elevated in symptomatic patients in proportion to their NYHA classes and was significantly correlated with plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration (r=0.395, P<0.01). Plasma CTGF was also correlated with plasma transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) (r=0.512, P<0.01), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 (r=0.391, P<0.05) and tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-2 (r=0.354, P<0.05) concentrations. Interestingly, plasma CTGF was correlated with E/E' value evaluated by tissue Doppler echocardiography (r=0.593, P=0.012), but not with systolic function and left ventricular mass.
    Conclusion: Our study suggests that plasma CTGF concentration is a novel diagnostic marker for cardiac dysfunction and may provide additional specific information about myocardial fibrosis in chronic heart failure patients. (C) 2008 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2008.02.011

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  • Interleukin-4 downregulates the cyclic tensile stress-induced matrix metalloproteinases-13 and cathepsin B expression by rat normal chondrocytes

    Hideyuki Doi, Keiichiro Nishida, Masanori Yorimitsu, Takamitsu Komiyama, Yasutaka Kadota, Tomonori Tetsunaga, Aki Yoshida, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Toshifumi Ozaki

    ACTA MEDICA OKAYAMA   62 ( 2 )   119 - 126   2008年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OKAYAMA UNIV MED SCHOOL  

    Mechanical stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cartilage destruction seen in osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated the effect of cyclic tensile stress (CTS) on the anabolic and catabolic gene expression of rat cultured normal chondrocytes using the Flexercell strain unit. The effects of interleukin (IL)-4, a chondroprotective cytokine, on the changes in gene expression induced by CTS were also investigated. CTS (7% elongation at 0.5 Hz) for 24 h did not affect the expression of aggrecan and type 11 collagen, whereas CTS significantly upregulated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and cathepsin B mRNA expression by chondrocytes. IL-1 beta expression was also significantly upregulated by CTS up to 12 h. The upregulation of MMP-13 was observed at 3 h, which was earlier than that of IL-1 beta. Furthermore, pre-treatment with IL-4 (10 ng/ml) suppressed both MMP-13 and cathepsin B induction by mechanical stress, as well as CTS-induced IL-1 beta expression. Our results suggest that IL-4 might have a therapeutic value in the treatment of OA by downregulation of mechanical stress-induced MMP-13 and cathepsin B expression by chondrocytes.

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  • Inhibition of tumor-stromal interaction through HGF/Met signaling by valproic acid

    Yohsuke Matsumoto, Takahiro Motoki, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Hirohito Tsubouchi, Eiichi Gohda

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   366 ( 1 )   110 - 116   2008年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which is produced by surrounding stromal cells, including fibroblasts and endothelial cells, has been shown to be a significant factor responsible for cancer cell invasion mediated by tumor-stromal interactions. We found in this study that the anti-tumor agent valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, strongly inhibited tumor-stromal interaction. VPA inhibited HGF production in fibroblasts induced by epidermal growth factor (EGF), platelet-derived growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and prostaglandin E-2 without any appreciable cytotoxic effect. Other HDAC inhibitors, including butyric acid and trichostatin A (TSA), showed similar inhibitory effects on HGF production stimulated by various inducers. Up-regulations of HGF gene expression induced by PMA and EGF were also suppressed by VPA and TSA. Furthermore, VPA significantly inhibited HGF-induced invasion of HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. VPA, however, did not affect the increases in phosphorylation of MAPK and Akt in HGF-treated HepG2 cells. These results demonstrated that VPA inhibited two critical processes of tumor-stromal interaction, induction of fibroblastic HGF production and HGF-induced invasion of HepG2 cells, and suggest that those activities serve for other anti-tumor mechanisms of VPA besides causing proliferation arrest, differentiation, and/or apoptosis of tumor cells. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.11.089

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  • Functional requirement of CCN2 for intramembranous bone formation in embryonic mice

    Harumi Kawaki, Satoshi Kubota, Akiko Suzuki, Tomohiro Yamada, Tatsushi Matsumura, Toshiko Mandal, Mayumi Yao, Takeyasu Maeda, Karen M. Lyons, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   366 ( 2 )   450 - 456   2008年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    CCN2 is best known as a promoter of chondrocyte differentiation among the CCN family members, and Ccn2 null mutant mice display skeletal dysmorphisms. However, little is known concerning the roles of CCN2 during bone formation. We herein present a comparative analysis of wild-type and Ccn2 null mice to investigate the roles of CCN2 in bone development. Multiple histochemical methods were employed to analyze the effects of CCN2 deletion in vivo, and effects of CCN2 on the osteogenic response were evaluated with the isolated and cultured osteoblasts. As a result, we found a drastic reduction of the osteoblastic phenotype in Ccn2 null mutants. Importantly, addition of exogenous CCN2 promoted every step of osteoblast differentiation and rescued the attenuated activities of the Ccn2 null osteoblasts. These results suggest that CCN2 is required not only for the regulation of cartilage and subsequent events, but also for the normal intramembranous bone development. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.11.155

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  • Role of mechanical-stress inducible protein Hcs24/CTGF/CCN2 in cartilage growth and regeneration: Mechanical stress induces expression of Hcs24/CTGF/CCN2 in a human chondrocytic cell line HCS-2/8, rabbit costal chondrocytes and meniscus tissue cells

    Takashi Nishida, Azusa Maeda, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIORHEOLOGY   45 ( 3-4 )   289 - 299   2008年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:IOS PRESS  

    Mechanical stress plays an important role in the cartilage metabolism. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of mechanical load magnitude and frequency on cartilage metabolism in terms of the expression of hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24/connective tissue growth factor/CCN family 2 (Hcs24/CTGF/CCN2), as an essential mediator of extracellular matrix (ECM) production. When a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8 was exposed to uni-axial cyclic mechanical force (6% elongation, 10 times/min) only for 30 min, the expression level of Hcs24/CTGF/CCN2 (CCN2) increased, and c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) was activated. These findings suggest that stretch-induced CCN2 may be mediated by the JNK pathway. When HCS-2/8 cells were subjected to cyclic tension force at 15 kPa, 30 cycles/min, which has been reported to be a degradation force for HCS-2/8 cells, the expressions of CCN2 and aggrecan were inhibited, and such expressions remained unchanged in rabbit hyaline costal cartilage cells. However, these expressions increased in rabbit meniscus tissue cells. These findings suggest that the sensitivity of mechanical stretch may be different depending on the type of cells. Furthermore, CCN2 was co-localized with aggrecan in this meniscus tissue region exposed to mechanical stress in vivo. These findings suggest that CCN2 induced by mechanical stress may therefore play some role in meniscus growth and regeneration.

    DOI: 10.3233/BIR-2008-0478

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  • Promotion of hydroxyapatite-associated, stem cell-based bone regeneration by CCN2

    Mitsuaki Ono, Satoshi Kubota, Takuo Fujisawa, Wataru Sonoyama, Harumi Kawakij, Kentaro Akiyama, Kengo Shimono, Masarnitsu Oshima, Takashi Nishida, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Kazuomi Suzuki, Masaharu Takigawa, Takuo Kuboki

    CELL TRANSPLANTATION   17 ( 1-2 )   231 - 240   2008年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:COGNIZANT COMMUNICATION CORP  

    Multiple roles have been already recognized for CCN2 in cartilage development and regeneration. However, the effects of CCN2 on bone regeneration remain to be elucidated. In this study, the utility of CCN2 on bone regeneration was examined in vitro and in vivo in combination with hydroxyapatite (HAp) as a scaffold. Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) were isolated from human iliac bone marrow aspirates of healthy donors and expanded, and the effects of CCN2 on their proliferation and migration were examined in vitro. The proliferation of hBMSCs on a plastic or HAp plate was significantly enhanced by CCN2. Moreover, the migration of hBMSCs also dramatically increased by CCN2. Interestingly, a C-terminal signal modular fragment of CCN2 (CT-module) also enhanced the cell proliferation and migration as efficiently as the full-length CCN2. Next, in order to estimate the effect of CCN2 on the migration and survival of hBMSCs and bone formation inside the HAp scaffold in vivo, two experiments were performed. First, the porous HAp carrier was cultured with hBMSCs for a week, and the cell-scaffold hybrid was transplanted with or without CCN2 subcutaneously into immunocompromised mice. CCN2 accelerated the hBMSC-like cell migration and survival inside the porous HAp within 4 weeks after transplantation. Second, the porous HAp carrier with or without CCN2 was directly implanted into bone defects within a rabbit mandible, and bone regeneration inside was evaluated. As a result, CCN2 efficiently induced the cell invasion and bone formation inside the porous HAp scaffold. These findings suggest that CCN2 and its CT-module fragment could be useful for regeneration and reconstruction of large-scale bone defects.

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  • Gene expression and distribution of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) during secondary ossification center formation

    Morihiko Oka, Satoshi Kubota, Seiji Kondo, Takanori Eguchi, Chisa Kuroda, Kazumi Kawata, Shogo Minagi, Masaharu Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY & CYTOCHEMISTRY   55 ( 12 )   1245 - 1255   2007年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:HISTOCHEMICAL SOC INC  

    CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is a critical signaling modulator of mesenchymal tissue development. This study investigated the localization and expression of CCN2/CTGF as a factor supporting angiogenesis and chondrogenesis during development of secondary ossification centers in the mouse tibial epiphysis. Formation of the secondary ossification center was initiated by cartilage canal formation and blood vessel invasion at 7 days of age, and onset of ossification was observed at 14 days. In situ hybridization showed that CCN2/CTGF mRNA was distinctively expressed in the region of the cartilage canal and capsule-attached marginal tissues at 7 days of age, and distinct expression was also observed in proliferating chondrocytes around the marrow space at 14 days of age. Immunostaining showed that CCN2/CTGF was distributed broadly around the expressed cells located in the central region of the epiphysis, where the chondrocytes become hypertrophic and the cartilage canal enters into the hypertrophic mass. Furthermore, an overlapping distribution of metal loproteinase (MMP)9 and CCN2/CTGF was found in the secondary ossification center. These findings suggest that the CCN2/CTGF is involved in establishing epiphyseal vascularization and remodeling, which eventually determines the secondary ossification center in the developing epiphysial cartilage.

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  • 成長板軟骨細胞におけるCCN4/WISP1 mRNAおよびそのスプライシングバリアントの発現とその機能

    柳田 剛志, 久保田 聡, 川木 晴美, 河田 かずみ, 近藤 誠二, 山本 照子, 山城 隆, 田中 真二, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   25回   236 - 236   2007年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Promotion of attachment of human bone marrow stromal cells by CCN2

    Mitsuaki Ono, Satoshi Kubota, Takuo Fujisawa, Wataru Sonoyama, Harumi Kawaki, Kentaro Akiyama, Masamitsu Oshima, Takashi Nishida, Yasuhlro Yoshida, Kazuomi Suzuki, Masaharu Takigawa, Takuo Kuboki

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   357 ( 1 )   20 - 25   2007年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Cell attachment is a crucial step in tissue regeneration. In this study, human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) were isolated, and the effects of CCN2 on their attachment were examined. CCN2 significantly enhanced the hBMSC attachment, and this enhanced cell attachment was mainly regulated by the C-terminal module of CCN2. This enhancement was negated by the anti-integrin alpha(v)beta(3) antibody and p38 MAPK inhibitor, and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK was detected upon the enhanced cell attachment mediated by CCN2. We thus conclude that CCN2 enhances hBMSC attachment via integrin-p38 MAPK signal pathway. Enhanced hBMSC attachment on hydroxyapatite plates by CCN2 further indicated the utility of CCN2 in bone regeneration. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • Increased connective tissue growth factor relative to brain natriuretic peptide as a determinant of myocardial fibrosis

    Norimichi Koitabashi, Masashi Arai, Shinya Kogure, Kazuo Niwano, Atai Watanabe, Yasuhiro Aoki, Toshitaka Maeno, Takashi Nishida, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Masahiko Kurabayashi

    HYPERTENSION   49 ( 5 )   1120 - 1127   2007年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Excessive fibrosis contributes to an increase in left ventricular stiffness. The goal of the present study was to investigate the role of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF), a profibrotic cytokine of the CCN (Cyr61, CTGF, and Nov) family, and its functional interactions with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), an antifibrotic peptide, in the development of myocardial fibrosis and diastolic heart failure. Histological examination on endomyocardial biopsy samples from patients without systolic dysfunction revealed that the abundance of CTGF-immunopositive cardiac myocytes was correlated with the excessive interstitial fibrosis and a clinical history of acute pulmonary congestion. In a rat pressure overload cardiac hypertrophy model, CTGF mRNA levels and BNP mRNA were increased in proportion to one another in the myocardium. Interestingly, relative abundance of mRNA for CTGF compared with BNP was positively correlated with diastolic dysfunction, myocardial fibrosis area, and procollagen type 1 mRNA expression. Investigation with conditioned medium and subsequent neutralization experiments using primary cultured cells demonstrated that CTGF secreted by cardiac myocytes induced collagen production in cardiac fibroblasts. Further, G protein - coupled receptor ligands induced expression of the CTGF and BNP genes in cardiac myocytes, whereas aldosterone and transforming growth factor-beta preferentially induced expression of the CTGF gene. Finally, exogenous BNP prevented the production of CTGF in cardiac myocytes. These data suggest that a disproportionate increase in CTGF relative to BNP in cardiac myocytes plays a central role in the induction of excessive myocardial fibrosis and diastolic heart failure.

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  • Expression and physiological role of CCN4/Wnt-induced secreted protein 1 mRNA splicing variants in chondrocytes

    Takeshi Yanagita, Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Kazumi Kawata, Seiji Kondo, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Shinji Tanaka, Masaharu Takigawa

    FEBS JOURNAL   274 ( 7 )   1655 - 1665   2007年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    CCN4/Wnt-induced secreted protein 1 (WISP1) is one of the CCN (CTGF/Cyr61/Nov) family proteins. CCN members have typical structures composed of four conserved cysteine-rich modules and their variants lacking certain modules, generated by alternative splicing or gene mutations, have been described in various pathological conditions. Several previous reports described a CCN4/WISP1 variant (WISP1v) lacking the second module in a few malignancies, but no information concerning the production of WISP1 variants in normal tissue is currently available. The expression of CCN4/WISP1 mRNA and its variants were analyzed in a human chondrosarcoma-derived chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8, and primary rabbit growth cartilage (RGC) chondrocytes. First, we found WISP1v and a novel variant of WISP1 (WISP1vx) to be expressed in HCS-2/8, as well as full-length WISP1 mRNA. This new variant was lacking the coding regions for the second and third modules and a small part of the first module. To monitor the expression of CCN4/WISP1 mRNA along chondrocyte differentiation, RGC cells were cultured and sampled until they were mineralized. As a result, we identified a WISP1v ortholog in normal RGC cells. Interestingly, the WISP1v mRNA level increased dramatically along with terminal differentiation. Furthermore, overexpression of WISP1v provoked expression of an alkaline phosphatase gene that is a marker of terminal differentiation in HCS-2/8 cells. These findings indicate that WISP1v thus plays a critical role in chondrocyte differentiation toward endochondral ossification, whereas HCS-2/8-specific WISP1vx may be associated with the transformed phenotypes of chondrosarcomas.

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  • Different transcriptional strategies for ccn2/ctgf gene induction between human chondrocytic and breast cancer cell lines

    Takanori Eguchi, Satoshi Kubota, Kazumi Kawata, Yoshiki Mukudai, Toshihiro Ohgawara, Kohei Miyazono, Kyouji Nakao, Seiji Kondo, Masaharu Takigawa

    BIOCHIMIE   89 ( 3 )   278 - 288   2007年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER  

    Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) plays a critical role in endochondral bone formation; however, CCN2 also promotes angiogenesis and bone metastasis in breast cancer. Chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells and breast cancer MDA231 cells produce over 6 times more CCN2 than any other cell type. In this study, we demonstrate that these cell lines employ different transcriptional strategies for ccn2 gene induction. Four tandem copies of the dominant transcriptional enhancer in chondrocytes (4 x TRENDIC) were chimerically connected to an SV40 pro-moter-luciferase construct and subsequently analyzed. The enhancement of the promoter activity by 4 x TRENDIC was greater in the HCS-2/8 cells (7-fold) than in the other 4 cell lines (3-4 fold). The TRENDIC-binding protein complex was detected at a higher signal in the HCS-2/8 cells than in the other cell lines. In addition, the HCS-2/8 nuclear factors strongly targeted not only TRENDIC, but also the previously reported basal control element and a novel enhancer element in the ccn2 promoter. In contrast, high-level ccn2 gene induction in MDA231 cells was largely dependent on Smad signaling through the Smad-binding element in the ccn2 promoter. Based on these results, we propose a model of differential transcription of the ccn2 gene between the chondrocytic cell line and the breast cancer cell line, and therefore imply that these cells utilize distinct transcriptional strategies to obtain the enhanced CCN2 production that is not observed in other types of cells. (c) 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2006.12.006

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  • CCN family proteins and angiogenesis: From embryo to adulthood

    Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    Angiogenesis   10 ( 1 )   1 - 11   2007年3月

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    記述言語:英語  

    The CCN family is a novel class of extracellular signal modulators that has been recently established. Typical members are composed of four conserved modules connected tandem, each of which is rich in cysteines and highly interactive with other molecules. The mammalian CCN family consists of six members, most of which have been described as multifunctional factors for the developmental process of mesenchymal tissue including blood vessel formation/induction. Particularly, the angiogenic properties of the three classical members, CCN1, 2 and 3 have so far been characterized, and their physiological and pathological significance has thus been indicated. Recent research has uncovered a unique mechanism regarding these proteins in promoting and/or modulating developmental, physiological and pathological angiogenic events. Namely, CCN proteins exert their ability to drive angiogenesis, not by stimulating a particular behavior of a particular type of cells, but by manipulating the cell communication networks that integrate most of the associated molecules/cells toward angiogenesis. In this article, the role of the CCN proteins in a variety of angiogenic events as an organizer of microenvironmental cell society is comprehensively described, together with a brief summary of the recent findings on each CCN family member relevant to angiogenesis including cardiovascular development and diseases. © 2006 Springer Science + Business Media B.V.

    DOI: 10.1007/s10456-006-9058-5

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  • 結合組織増殖因子CTGF/CCN2

    服部高子, 久保田聡, 滝川正春

    The Lung   15   331 - 335   2007年

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  • Role of CCN2/CTGF/Hcs24 in bone growth 査読

    Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF CYTOLOGY - A SURVEY OF CELL BIOLOGY, VOL 257   257   1 - 41   2007年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:論文集(書籍)内論文   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC  

    Our bones mostly develop through a process called endochondral ossification. This process is initiated in the cartilage prototype of each bone and continues through embryonic and postnatal development until the end of skeletal growth. Therefore, the central regulator of endochondral ossification is the director of body construction, which is, in other words, the determinant of skeletal size and shape. We suggest that CCN2/CTGF/Hcs24 (CCN2) is a molecule that conducts all of the procedures of endochondral ossification. CCN2, a member of the CCN family of novel modulator proteins, displays multiple functions by manipulating the local information network, using its conserved modules as an interface with a variety of other biomolecules. Under a precisely designed four-dimensional genetic program, 002 is produced from a limited population of chondrocytes and acts on all of the mesenchymal cells inside the bone callus to promote the integrated growth of the bone. Furthermore, the utility of CCN2 as regenerative therapeutics against connective tissue disorders, such as bone and cartilage defects and osteoarthritis, has been suggested. Over the years, the pathological action of CCN2 has been suggested. Nevertheless, it can also be regarded as another aspect of the physiological and regenerative function of CCN2, which is discussed as well.

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  • Multiple activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases by purified independent CCN2 modules in vascular endothelial cells and chondrocytes in culture

    S. Kubota, H. Kawaki, S. Kondo, G. Yosimichi, M. Minato, T. Nishida, H. Hanagata, A. Miyauchi, M. Takigawa

    BIOCHIMIE   88 ( 12 )   1973 - 1981   2006年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER FRANCE-EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUES MEDICALES ELSEVIER  

    CCN2 consists of 4 distinct modules that are conserved among various CCN family protein members. From the N-terminus, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP), von Willebrand factor type C repeat (VWC), thrombospondin type 1 repeat (TSP1) and C-terminal cysteine-knot (CT) modules are all aligned tandem therein. The multiple functionality of CCN2 is thought to be enabled by the differential use of these modules when interacting with other molecules. In this study, we independently prepared all 4 purified module proteins of human CCN2, utilizing a secretory production system with Brevibacillus choshinensis and thus evaluated the cell biological effects of such single modules. In human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs), VWC, TSP and CT modules, as well as a full-length CCN2, were capable of efficiently activating the ERK signal transduction cascade, whereas IGFBP was not. In contrast, the IGFBP module was found to prominently activate JNK in human chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells, while the others showed similar effects at lower levels. In addition, ERK1/2 was modestly, but significantly activated by IGFBP and VWC in those cells. No single module, but a mixture of the 4 modules provoked a significant activation of p38 MAPK in HCS-2/8 cells, which was activated by the full-length CCN2. Therefore, the signals emitted by CCN2 can be highly differential, depending upon the cell types, which are thus enabled by the tetramodular structure. Furthermore, the cell biological effects of each module on these cells were also evaluated to clarify the relationship among the modules, the signaling pathways and biological outcomes. Our present results not only demonstrate that single CCN2 modules were potent activators of the intracellular signaling cascade to yield a biological response per se, while also providing new insight into the module-wise structural and functional relationship of a prototypic CCN family member, CCN2. (c) 2006 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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  • 硬組織モジュレーターCCN/CTGFのIGFBPモジュレーターを介した軟骨細胞増殖・分化促進効果

    川木 晴美, 久保田 聡, 湊 雅直, 近藤 誠二, 滝川 正春

    Journal of Oral Biosciences   48 ( Suppl. )   113 - 113   2006年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • Pathogenic role of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) in osteolytic metastasis of breast cancer

    T Shimo, S Kubota, N Yoshioka, S Ibaragi, S Isowa, T Eguchi, A Sasaki, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   21 ( 7 )   1045 - 1059   2006年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

    Introduction: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is a mediator of local angiogenesis induced by breast cancer, but its role in osteolytic metastasis has not been evaluated. PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) is another critical factor in the development of the osteolytic metastasis. Using both in vivo and in vitro approaches, we studied whether/how neutralization of CCN2 prevented bone metastasis and how PTHrP signaling is related.
    Materials and Methods: A mouse model of bone metastasis by human breast cancer cell line MDA231 was treated with a CCN2-neutralizing antibody, and osteolytic bone metastases were assessed on radiographs and immunohistochemistry. Ccn2 gene expression and transcription were examined by Northern blot and luciferase analysis. Immunoblot analysis and kinase inhibitors were used to identify the signaling pathways implicated. Anti-angiogenic/osteoclastogenic effects of ccn2 downregulation were also evaluated.
    Results: Treatment of mice with a CCN2-neutralizing antibody greatly decreased osteolytic bone metastasis, microvasculature, and osteoclasts involved. The antibody also suppressed the growth of subcutaneous tumor in vivo and proliferation and migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. Downregulation of ccn2 also repressed osteoclastogenesis. CCN2 expression was specifically observed in cancer cells producing PTHrP and type I PTH/PTHrP receptor (PTH1R) invaded the bone marrow, and PTHrP strongly upregulated ccn2 in MDA231 cells in vitro. Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA) was necessary and sufficient for the stimulation of ccn2 by PTHrP. Indeed, inhibition of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), PKC, or PKA by specific inhibitors counteracted the stimulation of ccn2 expression. Incubation of MDA231 cells with PTHrP induced the activation of ERK1/2. Consistent with these findings, inhibition of PKC prevented PTHrP-induced ERK1/2 activation, whereas 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a stimulator of PKC, upregulated it.
    Conclusions: CCN2 was critically involved in osteolytic metastasis and was induced by PKA- and PKC-dependent activation of ERK1/2 signaling by PTHrP. Thus, CCN2 may be a new molecular target for anti-osteolytic therapy to shut off the PTHrP-CCN2 signaling pathway.

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  • Roles of PKC, PI3K and JNK in multiple transduction of CCN2/CTGF signals in chondrocytes

    G Yosimichi, S Kubota, T Nishida, S Kondo, T Yanagita, K Nakao, T Takano-Yamamoto, M Takigawa

    BONE   38 ( 6 )   853 - 863   2006年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is known to promote both the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes, which actions are mediated by ERK and p38 MAPK, respectively. In this study, we first re-evaluated the involvement of multiple MAPKs therein and found that JNK also mediated such CCN2 signals. Thereafter, we further analyzed the roles of upstream kinases. The involvement of PKC, PI3K and PKA in the CCN2 signaling to promote the maturation, proliferation and terminal differentiation of a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8 and rabbit primary growth cartilage cells was investigated. As a result, the PKC inhibitor calphostin C repressed all of the effects of CCN2, which were represented by increased synthesis of DNA and proteoglycans and the display of alkaline phosphatase activity. In addition, evaluation of the effect of the PI3K inhibitor wortmannin disclosed the contribution of PI3K in transducing CCN2 signals to promote chondrocyte hypertrophy. This signal was known to be mediated by PKB, which was translocated into the nucleus upon CCN2 stimulation. Of note, calphostin C showed inhibitory effects on the activation of p38 MAPK, ERK and also PKB, whereas it exerted no effect on JNK activation. These results suggest that PKC is a driver of multiple signal transducing kinases that promote the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes. The requirement of PI3K in transmitting the signal for terminal differentiation and PKC-independent signaling pathways for the promotion of chondrocytic growth and differentiation, which was mediated by JNK, were also uncovered. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • Possible role of LRP1, a CCN2 receptor, in chondrocytes

    K Kawata, T Eguchi, S Kubota, H Kawaki, M Oka, S Minagi, M Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   345 ( 2 )   552 - 559   2006年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR)-related protein 1 (LRP1/CD91) is one of the receptors of CCN2 that conducts endochondral ossification and cartilage repair. LRP1 is a well-known endocytic receptor, but its distribution among chondrocytes remains to be elucidated. We herein demonstrate for the first time that the distribution of LRP1 in chondrocytes except for hypertrophic chondrocytes in vivo and in vitro. Interestingly, the LRP1 levels were higher in mature chondrocytic HCS-2/8 and osteoblastic SaOS-2 than in other cells, whereas the other LDLR family members involved in ossification were detected at lower levels in HCS-2/8. It was interesting to note that in HCS-2/8, LRP1 was observed not only on the cell surface and in the cytoplasm, but also in the nucleus. Exogenously added CCN2 was incorporated into HCS-2/8, which was partially co-localized with LRP1, and targeted to the recycling endosomes and nucleus as well as the lysosomes. These findings suggest specific roles of LRP1 in cartilage biology. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2006.04.109

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  • Hypoxic regulation of stability of connective tissue growth factor/CCN2 mRNA by 3’-untranslated region interacting with a cellular protein in human chondrosarcoma cells.

    Kondo S, Kubota S, Mukudai Y, Moritani N, Nishida T, Matsushita H, Matsumoto S, Sugahara T, Takigawa M

    Oncogene   25 ( 7 )   1099 - 1110   2006年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Novel angiogenic inhibitor DN-9693 that inhibits post-transcriptional induction of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) by vascular endothelial growth factor in human endothelial cells

    S Kondo, N Tanaka, S Kubota, Y Mukudai, G Yosimichi, T Sugahara, M Takigawa

    MOLECULAR CANCER THERAPEUTICS   5 ( 1 )   129 - 137   2006年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH  

    Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is a potent angiogenic factor. In this report, we describe for the first time that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)mediated induction of the ctgf/ccn2 gene was a posttranscriptional event that was inhibited by a novel angiogenic inhibitor, DN-9693, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Steady-state mRNA levels of ctgf/ccn2 were remarkably increased by VEGF in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas the activity of the ctgf/ccn2 promoter was not responsive to VEGF as confirmed by a reporter gene assay and quantitative real-time PCR analysis. By employing a RNA degradation assay, we eventually found that the observed increase in the ctgf/ccn2 mRNA level was due to an increased stability of the mRNA induced by VEGF. DN-9693 at a dose of 0.1 to 2 ng/mL did not affect basal levels of ctgf/ccn2 mRNA; however, enhancement of ctgf/ccn2 mRNA expression by VEGF was specifically inhibited by DN-9693. Of importance, the inhibitory effects could be also ascribed to post-transcriptional regulation, because the VEGF-mediated increase in stability of ctgf/ccn2 mRNA was suppressed by DN-9693. Furthermore, we investigated the effects of DN-9693 on VEGF-induced activation of three subgroups of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways and found that DN-9693 blocked the activation of these pathways by VEGF. These results suggest that VEGF increases ctgf/ccn2 mRNA stability through mitogen-activated protein kinase-mediated intracellular signaling cascade(s), which can be inhibited posttranscriptionally by a novel angiogenic inhibitor, DN-9693, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.

    DOI: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-05-0097

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  • Expression and regulation of an antisense RNA transcript of the human connective tissue growth factor gene in human tumour cells

    Seiji Kondo, Satoshi Kubota, Harumi Kawaki, Norifumi Moritani, Toshimasa Kagawa, Takaaki Ueno, Toshio Sugahara, Masaharu Takigawa

    Asian Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery   18 ( 3 )   172 - 179   2006年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:Scientific Communications International Ltd  

    Objective: To characterise a natural antisense transcript of connective tissue growth factor. Materials and Methods: RNA from several cell lines was analysed by RNase protection assay to detect antisense transcripts. To characterise the regulatory aspect of the transcribed area, chimeras were constructed in which the firefly luciferase gene was fused with the corresponding segment of ctgf/ccn2, and the gene expression was monitored. Results: A natural antisense transcript complementary to the 3′-untranslated region of ctgf/ccn2 mRNA in cultured human tumour cells was detected. The luciferase gene fused with the full-length antisense 3′-untranslated region showed strikingly low levels of luciferase expression compared with the control. Based on a series of deletion analyses, the major repressive element was located in the middle portion within the 3′-untranslated region, which corresponded to the antisense transcribed area. Conclusion: These results suggest that controlled expression of antisense RNAs against the 3′-untranslated region of ctgf/ccn2 mRNA may be involved in the determination of phenotypes in certain oral malignancies. © 2006 Asian Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0915-6992(06)80014-2

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  • 軟骨組織の発生分化とCCNファミリー遺伝子

    久保田聡, 滝川正春

    Clinical Calcium   16,486-492   2006年

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  • Effect of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) on proliferation and differentiation of mouse periodontal ligament-derived cells

    Masahiro Asano, Satoshi Kubota, Tohru Nakanishi, Takashi Nishida, Tomoichiro Yamaai, Gen Yosimichi, Kazumi Ohyama, Tomosada Sugimoto, Yoji Murayama, Masaharu Takigawa

    Cell Communication and Signaling   3   2005年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: CCN2/CTGF is known to be involved in tooth germ development and periodontal tissue remodeling, as well as in mesenchymal tissue development and regeneration. In this present study, we investigated the roles of CCN2/CTGF in the proliferation and differentiation of periodontal ligament cells (murine periodontal ligament-derived cell line: MPL) in vitro. Results: In cell cultures of MPL, the mRNA expression of the CCN2/CTGF gene was stronger in sparse cultures than in confluent ones and was significantly enhanced by TGF-β. The addition of recombinant CCN2/CTGF (rCCN2) to MPL cultures stimulated DNA synthesis and cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, rCCN2 addition also enhanced the mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALPase), type I collagen, and periostin, the latter of which is considered to be a specific marker of the periosteum and periodontium
    whereas it showed little effect on the mRNA expression of typical osteoblastic markers, e.g., osteopontin and osteocalcin. Finally, rCCN2/CTGF also stimulated ALPase activity and collagen synthesis. Conclusion: These results taken together suggest important roles of CCN2/ CTGF in the development and regeneration of periodontal tissue including the periodontal ligament. © 2005 Asano et al
    licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるCCN familyメンバーのdexahamethasoneによる遺伝子発現調節

    川木 晴美, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 滝川 正春

    Journal of Oral Biosciences   47 ( Suppl. )   86 - 86   2005年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 新規血管新生阻害剤DN-9693の作用機序 VEGFによる血管新生因子CTGF/CCN2の発現レベルの上昇に対する阻害効果

    近藤 誠二, 田中 紀子, 久保田 聡, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    日本癌学会総会記事   64回   134 - 134   2005年9月

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  • Translational repression by the cis-acting element of structure-anchored repression (CAESAR) of human ctgf/ccn2 mRNA

    S Kubota, Y Mukudai, NH Moritani, K Nakao, K Kawata, M Takigawa

    FEBS LETTERS   579 ( 17 )   3751 - 3758   2005年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    The cis-acting element of structure-anchored repression (CAESAR) is a post-transcriptional regulatory element of gene expression, which is located in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the human ccn2 gene (ctgflccn2). In this report, the repression mechanism of CAESAR, as well as the structural requirement, was investigated. Removal of minor stem-loops from CAESAR resulted in proportional attenuation of the repressive function, whereas removal of the single bulge or modification of primary nucleotide sequence did not affect its functionality. In light of functional mechanism, CAESAR exerted no significant effects on stability or nuclear export of the cis-linked mRNA. However, this element significantly interfered with the association of such mRNA on ribosome and slowed down the translation process thereafter in vitro. A translation repression mechanism by RNA secondary structure to determine the basal ctgflccn2 expression level was uncovered herein. (c) 2005 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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  • 二次骨化中心形成過程に発現する結合組織成長因子CTGF/CCN2のパールカン陽性軟骨細胞への特異的集積

    岡 森彦, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 江口 傑徳, 河田 かずみ, 黒田 知沙, 皆木 省吾, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   23回   229 - 229   2005年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • 低酸素組織,軟骨における肥大軟骨特異的蛋白24/結合組織成長因子/CCNファミリー2mRNAの安定化機構 核および細胞質タンパク結合を介した3'-非翻訳領域(UTR)の関与

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 椋代 義樹, 森谷 徳文, 西田 崇, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   23回   159 - 159   2005年6月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Collaborative action of M-CSF and CTGF/CCN2 in articular chondrocytes: Possible regenerative roles in articular cartilage metabolism

    K Nakao, S Kubota, H Doi, T Eguchi, M Oka, T Fujisawa, T Nishida, M Takigawa

    BONE   36 ( 5 )   884 - 892   2005年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    It is known that expression of the macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) gene is induced in articular chondrocytes upon inflammation. However, the functional role of M-CSF in cartilage has been unclear. In this study, we describe possible roles of M-CSF in the protection and maintenance of the articular cartilage based on the results of experiments using human chondrocytic cells and rat primary chondrocytes. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is known to be a potent molecule to regenerate damaged cartilage by promoting the growth and differentiation of articular chondrocytes. Here, we uncovered the fact that M-CSF induced the mRNA expression of the ctgf/ccn2 gene in those cells. Enhanced production of CTGF/CCN2 protein by M-CSF was also confirmed. Furthermore, M-CSF could autoactivate the m-csf gene, forming a positive feed-back network to amplify and prolong the observed effects. Finally, promotion of proteoglycan synthesis was observed by the addition of M-CSF. These findings taken together indicate novel roles of M-CSF in articular cartilage metabolism in collaboration with CTGF/CCN2, particularly during an inflammatory response. Such roles of M-CSF were further supported by the distribution of M-CSF producing chondrocytes in experimentally induced rat osteoarthritis cartilage in vivo. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • Comparable response of ccn1 with ccn2 genes upon arthritis: An in vitro evaluation with a human chondrocytic cell line stimulated by a set of cytokines

    Norifumi H. Moritani, Satoshi Kubota, Toshio Sugahara, Masaharu Takigawa

    Cell Communication and Signaling   3   2005年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Background: The chondrosarcoma-derived HCS-2/8 has been known to be an excellent model of human articular chondrocytes. By mimicking the arthritic conditions through the treatment of HCS-2/8 cells with cytokines, we estimated the gene expression response of ccn1 and ccn2 during the course of joint inflammation in vitro. Results: In order to mimic the initiation of inflammation, HCS-2/8 cells were treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. To induce pro-inflammatory or reparative responses, TGF-β was employed. Effects of an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid were also evaluated. After stimulation, expression levels of ccn1 and ccn2 were quantitatively analyzed. Surprisingly, not only ccn2, but also ccn1 expression was repressed upon TNF-α stimulation, whereas both mRNAs were uniformly induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and a glucocorticoid. Conclusion: These results describing the same response during the course of inflammation suggest similar and co-operative roles of these 2 ccn family members in the course of arthritis. © 2005 Moritani et al
    licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1186/1478-811X-3-6

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  • Regulation of chicken ccn2 gene by interaction between RNA cis-element and putative trans-factor during differentiation of chondrocytes

    Y Mukudai, S Kubota, T Eguchi, S Kondo, K Nakao, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY   280 ( 5 )   3166 - 3177   2005年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC  

    CCN2/CTGF is a multifunctional growth factor. Our previous studies have revealed that CCN2 plays important roles in both growth and differentiation of chondrocytes and that the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of ccn2 mRNA contains a cis-repressive element of gene expression. In the present study, we found that the stability of chicken ccn2 mRNA is regulated in a differentiation stage-dependent manner in chondrocytes. We also found that stimulation by bone morphogenetic protein 2, platelet-derived growth factor, and CCN2 stabilized ccn2 mRNA in proliferating chondrocytes but that it destabilized the mRNA in prehypertrophic-hypertrophic chondrocytes. The results of a reporter gene assay revealed that the minimal repressive cis-element of the 3'-UTR of chicken ccn2 mRNA was located within the area between 100 and 150 bases from the polyadenylation tail. Moreover, the stability of ccn2 mRNA was correlated with the interaction between this cis-element and a putative 40-kDa trans-factor in nuclei and cytoplasm. In fact, the binding between them was prominent in proliferating chondrocytes and attenuated in (pre)hypertrophic chondrocytes. Stimulation by the growth factors repressed the binding in proliferating chondrocytes; however, it enhanced it in (pre)hypertrophic chondrocytes. Therefore, gene expression of ccn2 mRNA during endochondral ossification is properly regulated, at least in part, by changing the stability of the mRNA, which arises from the interaction between the RNA cis-element and putative trans-factor.

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  • Downregulation of rheumatoid arthritis-related antigen RA-A47 (HSP47/colligin-2) in chondrocytic cell lines induces apoptosis and cell-surface expression of RA-A47 in association with CD9

    T Hattori, K von der Mark, H Kawaki, Y Yutani, S Kubota, T Nakanishi, H Eberspaecher, B de Crombrugghe, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY   202 ( 1 )   191 - 204   2005年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

    Previously, we showed that gene expression of the rheurnatoid arthritis-related antigen RA-A47, which is identical to human heat shock protein (HSP)47, was downregulated in chondrocytes by inflammatory cytokines such as TNFalpha. Associated with this phenomenon, RA-A47 appeared on the cell surface concomitant with upregulation of metabolic factors related to cartilage destruction. The upregulation of the metabolic factors could be achieved by clownregulation of RA-A47 expression with ra-a47-specific anti-senseoligonucleotide. Here, we show that the enhanced surface expression of RA-A47 on a chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/ 8 was also a direct result of RA-A47 downregulation by ra-a47 anti-sense oligonucleoticle, independent of the cytokine effects. Moreover, cell-surface expression of CD9, a l integrin-associated transmembrane protein that is involved in cell adhesion and cell motility events, was enhanced in the ra-a47 anti-sense oligonucleoticle-treated cells. The CD9 was colocalized with RA-A47 on the cell surface, where it may have affected integrin signaling. Furthermore, Annexin-V binding to the cell surface and the level of a number of apoptosis-related genes including caspase-9 were increased after ra-a47 anti-sense oligonucleoticle treatment, suggesting that enhanced surface expression of RA-A47 and CD9 may be initiating apoptosis. Differential screening using a cDNA gene array showed induction of metal lothionein-III and chemokine receptor CXCR4 and of factors of the Notch signaling pathway by the anti-sense treatment, but not by TNFalpha.. Thus, here we show for the first time an alternative mechanism of inducing apoptosis by downregulating molecular chaperones, independent of the action of TNFalpha. The surface-exposed RA-A47 may induce autoantibodies and inflammatory reactions in autoimmune disease situations such as rheurnatoid arthritis. J. Cell. Physiol. 202: 191 -204, 2005. (C) 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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  • Roles of CCN2/CTGF in the control of growth and regeneration.

    Takigawa, M, Nishida, T, Kubota, S

    In CCN Proteins: A New Family of Cell Growth and Differentiation Regulators (Perbal B. & Takigawa M. eds.)   19 - 59   2005年

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  • 岡山大学歯学部1年次生におけるテュートリアル教育の問題点と今後の課題.

    完山 学, 久保田 聡, 市川博之, 十川紀夫, 平田あずみ, 美藤純弘, 岡本 信, 福永智広, 香川智正, 中山周子, 坂本友紀, 吉田登志子, 宮脇卓也, 西村英紀, 松村誠士, 窪木拓男

    岡山歯学会雑誌   2005年

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  • 岡山大学歯学部1年次学生に対するテュートリアル教育の成果:平成15年度プログラムの多面的解析.

    久保田 聡, 完山 学, 吉田登志子, 十川紀夫, 山本龍生, 平田あずみ, 美藤純弘, 十川千春, 市川博之, 鈴木康司, 衣田圭宏, 丸尾幸憲, 宮脇卓也, 香川智正, 西村英紀, 窪木拓男, 松村誠士

    岡山歯学会雑誌   2005年

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  • A DEAD box protein facilitates HIV-1 replication as a cellular co-factor of Rev

    JH Fang, S Kubota, B Yang, NM Zhou, H Zhang, R Godbout, RJ Pomerantz

    VIROLOGY   330 ( 2 )   471 - 480   2004年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    HIV-1 Rev escorts unspliced viral mRNAs out of the nucleus of infected cells, which allows formation of infectious HIV-1 virions. We have identified a putative DEAD box (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) RNA helicase, DDX1, as a cellular co-factor of Rev, through yeast and mammalian two-hybrid systems using the N-terminal motif of Rev as "bait". DDX1 is not a functional homolog of HIV-1 Rev, but down-regulation of DDX1 resulted in an alternative splicing pattern of Rev-responsive element (RRE)-containing mRNA, and attenuation of Gag p24 antigen production from HLfb rev(-) cells rescued by exogenous Rev. Co-transfection of a DDX1 expression vector with HIV-1 significantly increased viral production. DDX1 binding to Rev, as well as to the RRE, strongly suggest that DDX1 affects Rev function through the Rev-RRE axis. Moreover, down-regulation of DDX1 altered the steady state subcellular distribution of Rev, from nuclear/nucleolar to cytoplasmic dominance. These findings indicate that DDX1 is a critical cellular co-factor for Rev function, which maintains the proper subcellular distribution of this lentiviral regulatory protein. Therefore, alterations in DDX1-Rev interactions could induce HIV-1 persistence and targeting DDX1 may lead to rationally designed and novel anti-HIV-1 strategies and therapeutics. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2004.09.039

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  • Abundant retention and release of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) by platelets

    S Kubota, K Kawata, T Yanagita, H Doi, T Kitoh, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY   136 ( 3 )   279 - 282   2004年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE BIOCHEMICAL SOC  

    Wound healing and tissue regeneration are usually initiated by coagulation followed by fibrous tissue formation. In the present study, we discovered an abundance of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) in human platelets, which was released along with the coagulation process. The CTGF/CCN2 content in platelets was 10-fold higher than that in arterial tissue. Furthermore, the CTGF/CCN2 content in a single platelet was computed to be more than 20-fold higher than that of any other growth factor reported. Considering that CTGF/CCN2 promotes angiogenesis, cartilage regeneration, fibrosis and platelet adhesion, it may be now regarded as one of the major functional components of platelets.

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  • 低酸素におけるCTGF mRNAの安定化機構 核内タンパク質結合を介した3'-非翻訳領域(UTR)の関与

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 森谷 徳文, 滝川 正春

    日本癌学会総会記事   63回   400 - 400   2004年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本癌学会  

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  • Regeneration of defects in articular cartilage in rat knee joints by CCN2 (connective tissue growth factor)

    T Nishida, S Kubota, S Kojima, T Kuboki, K Nakao, T Kushibiki, Y Tabata, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   19 ( 8 )   1308 - 1319   2004年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

    CTGF/CCN2, a hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, possessed the ability to repair damaged articular cartilage in two animal models, which were experimental osteoarthritis and full-thickness defects of articular cartilage. These findings suggest that CTGF/CCN2 may be useful in regeneration of articular cartilage.
    Introduction: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF)/CCN2 is a unique growth factor that stimulates the proliferation and differentiation, but not hypertrophy, of articular chondrocytes in vitro. The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic use of CTGF/CCN2.
    Materials and Methods: The effects of recombinant CTGF/CCN2 (rCTGF/CCN2) on repair of damaged cartilage were evaluated by using both the monoiodoacetic acid (MIA)-induced experimental rat osteoarthritis (OA) model and full-thickness defects of rat articular cartilage in vivo.
    Results: In the MIA-induced OA model, quantitative real-time RT-PCR assays showed a significant increase in the level of CTGF/CCN2 mRNA, and immunohistochemical analysis and in situ hybridization revealed that the clustered chondrocytes, in which Clustering indicates an attempt to repair the damaged cartilage, produced CTGF/CCN2. Therefore, CTGF/CCN2 was suspected to play critical roles in cartilage repair. In fact, a single injection of rCTGF/CCN2 incorporated in gelatin hydrogel (rCTGF/CCN2-hydrogel) into the joint cavity of MIA-induced OA model rats repaired their articular cartilage to the extent that it became histologically similar to normal articular cartilage. Next, to examine the effect of rCTGF/CCN2 on the repair of articular cartilage, we created defects (2 mm in diameter) on the surface of articular cartilage in situ and implanted rCTGF/CCN2-hydrogel or PBS-hydrogel therein with collagen sponge. In the group implanted with rCTGF/CCN2-hydrogel collagen, new cartilage filled the defect 4 weeks postoperatively. In contrast, only soft tissue repair occurred when the PBS-hydrogel collagen was implanted. Consistent with these in vivo effects, rCTGF/CCN2 enhanced type II collagen and aggrecan mRNA expression in mouse bone marrow-derived stromal cells and induced chondrogenesis in vitro.
    Conclusion: These findings suggest the utility of CTGF/CCN2 in the regeneration of articular cartilage.

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  • Module-specific antibodies against human connective tissue growth factor: Utility for structural and functional analysis of the factor as related to chondrocytes

    M Minato, S Kubota, H Kawaki, T Nishida, A Miyauchi, H Hanagata, T Nakanishi, T Takano-Yamamoto, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY   135 ( 3 )   347 - 354   2004年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:JAPANESE BIOCHEMICAL SOC  

    Connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24/CCN2) shows diverse functions in the process of endochondral ossification. It promotes not only the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes and osteoblasts in vitro, but also angiogenesis in vivo. The ctgf gene is a member of the gene family called CCN, and it encodes the characteristic 4-module structure of this family, with the protein containing IGFBP, VWC, TSP and CT modules. We raised several monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antisera against CTGF, and located the epitopes in the modules by Western blotting. For mapping the epitopes, Brevibacillus-produced independent modules were utilized. As a result, at least 1. antibody or antiserum was prepared for the detection of each module in CTGF. Western blotting with these antibodies is expected to be useful for the analysis of CTGF fragmentation. Moreover, we examined the effects of these monoclonal antibodies on the biological functions of CTGF. One out of 3 humanized monoclonal antibodies was found to neutralize efficiently the stimulatory effect of CTGF on chondrocytic cell proliferation. This particular antibody bound to the CT module. In contrast, surprisingly, all of the 3 antibodies recognizing IGFBP, VWC and CT modules stimulated proteoglycan synthesis in chondrocytic cells. Together with previous findings, these results provide insight into the structural-functional relationships of CTGF in executing multiple functions.

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  • Downregulation of a rheumatoid arthritis-related antigen (RA-A47) by ra-a47 antisense oligonucleotides induces inflammatory factors in chondrocytes

    T Hattori, H Kawaki, S Kubota, Y Yutani, B De Crombrugghe, K Von Der Mark, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY   197 ( 1 )   94 - 102   2003年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

    Previously we have shown that the expression of RA-A47 (rheumatoid arthritis-related antigen) which is identical to HSP47, a collagen-binding chaperon, is downregulated in chondrocytes by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha). RA-A47 was also found on the surface of chondrocytes where it is recognized as an antigen in the serum of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Its translocation to the cell surface from endoplasmic reticulum membrane where it is normally located was also enhanced by TNFalpha. To understand the significance of RA-A47 downregulation in chondrocytes independent from other effects of TNFalpha, we used an antisense oligonucleotide approach and investigated the effect of this treatment on the expression of molecules related to matrix degradation and production of growth factors for chondrocytic, endothelial, and synovial cells. Here we show that treatment of rabbit chondrocyes and human chondrosarcoma cells HCS-2/8 by ra-a47 antisense S-oligonucleotides significantly reduced the expression of ra-a47 both at mRNA and protein level. Interestingly, this TNFalpha-independent RA-A47 clownregulation was associated with a strong induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 mRNA and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) mRNA. The induction of active-type MMP-9 was further detected by gelatin zymography. Under the same conditions, the release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) from HCS-2/8 cells into the conditioned medium (CM) was strongly enhanced. These effects were not a result of TNFalpha upregulation, since the ra-a47 antisense oligonucleotide treatment did not enhance TNFalpha synthesis. These observations indicate that clownregulation of RA-A47 induces TNFalpha-independent cartilage-degrading pathways involving iNOS and MMP-9. Furthermore, the stimulation of bFGF and CTGF release from chondrocytes may stimulate the proliferation of adjacent endothelial and/or synovial cells. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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  • Novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay systems for the quantitative analysis of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/Hcs24/CCN2): Detection of HTLV-I tax-induced CTGF from a human carcinoma cell line

    H Kawaki, S Kubota, M Minato, NH Moritani, T Hattori, H Hanagata, M Kubota, A Miyauchi, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY   22 ( 10 )   641 - 648   2003年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MARY ANN LIEBERT INC PUBL  

    Connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24/CCN2) is known as a multifunctional growth factor. It stimulates proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix production of mesenchymal cells, and is highly expressed in hypertrophic chondrocytes. In this study, we constructed useful ELISA systems for the analysis of CTGF and its modular fragments. For this objective we prepared four different antihuman CTGF monoclonal antibodies. One, specific for the VWC module, was utilized as the detecting antibody, and the other three, recognizing CT, IGFBP, and VWC modules, respectively, were employed as capture antibodies. Then we established three novel quantitative analysis systems for CTGF. The first system recognizing CT and VWC modules was useful to measure full-length CTGF with improved sensitivity. Utilizing this system, we found significant enhancement of CTGF production from a human carcinoma cell line transduced by HTLV-I tax gene, where the finding indicates the possible involvement of Tax in carcinogenesis. The second system, seeing IGFBP and VWC modules, could quantify not only CTGF, but also may be useful to analyze processed N-terminal fragments. The third system, utilizing capture and detection antibodies against the VWC module, was able to quantify the VWC module only, while it did not recognize full-length CTGF. Since CTGF is actually processed into subfragments, and functional assignment of each module is of interest, these systems are expected to contribute to the progress of CTGF investigations.

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  • Transcriptional induction of connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific 24 gene by dexamethasone in human chondrocytic cells 査読

    S Kubota, NH Moritani, H Kawaki, H Mimura, M Minato, M Takigawa

    BONE   33 ( 4 )   694 - 702   2003年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/Hcs24) is a critical growth factor for chondrocytic growth and differentiation. In this report, we describe for the first time glucocorticoid-mediated induction of the CTGF/Hcs24 gene in a chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8. Steady-state mRNA levels of CTGF/Hcs24 were remarkably increased after treatment with 50 nM dexamethasone, as confirmed by Northern blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. Corresponding to the increase in mRNA, production of CTGF/Hcs24 protein was remarkably enhanced, following a time course of up to 6 h. The observed increase in mRNA can be ascribed to transcriptional enhancement, since the stability of CTGF/Hcs24 mRNA was not affected by the same concentration of dexamethasone, which was indicated by the results of an mRNA degradation assay. However, unexpectedly, the prototypic ctgf/hcs24 promoter was not responsible for the dexamethasone stimulation, suggesting the glucocorticoid receptor binding site(s) to be elsewhere in the CTGF/Hcs24 gene. Enhancement of the prototypic promoter activity by dexamethasone was observed in murine fibroblastic cells, demonstrating the complexity of the regulatory mechanism of ctgf/hcs24 gene expression. Of importance, dexamethasone at the same concentration significantly stimulated proteoglycan synthesis in HCS-2/8 cells up to the same levels as exogenously added CTGF/Hcs24. These findings represent a novel effect of glucocorticoid on the production of CTGF/Hcs24 by chondrocytic cells, and indicate that CTGF/Hcs24 may mediate the stimulative effect of dexamethasone on chondrocytic phenotypes. Also, our results shed light on the complex mechanism of CTGF/Hcs24 induction by glucocorticoids. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • Connective tissue growth factor expressed in rat alveolar bone regeneration sites after tooth extraction

    M Kanyama, T Kuboki, K Akiyama, K Nawachi, FM Miyauchi, H Yatani, S Kubota, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY   48 ( 10 )   723 - 730   2003年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

    Objective: To understand bone regeneration process after tooth extraction could be a clue to develop a new strategy for alveolar bone reconstruction. Recently, accumulated evidences support that connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is implicated in tissue repair of many tissues. In this study, we investigated the spatial and temporal expression of CTGF in the rat tooth extraction sockets. Design: Five weeks old wild type mate rats (weighing 120 g) were used for this experiment. Expression of CTGF was determined by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization in the rat upper molar tooth extraction sockets at 2, 4, 7, 10 and 14 days after tooth extraction. Results: CTGF was expressed strongly in the endothelial. cells migrating into the granulation tissue at the bottom of the sockets during 4 days after tooth extraction. During the reparative process, no apparent chondrocyte-like cell appeared in the sockets, while osteoblast-like cells proliferated in the sockets with low CTGF expression at 7, 10, 14 days after extraction. As expected, no staining was observed with the preimmune rabbit IgG and CTGF sense probe. CTGF may play an important rote in angiogenesis and granulation tissue formation specifically at early heating stage after tooth extraction to initiate alveolar bone repair. Conclusion: CTGF was expressed at early heating stage of the rat tooth extraction wound. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All. rights reserved.

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  • CTGF/Hcs24/CCN2, hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, interacts with perlecan in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes.

    T Nishida, S Kubota, T Fukunaga, S Kondo, G Yosimichi, T Nakanishi, T Takano-Yamamoto, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   18   S108 - S108   2003年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • CTGF/Hcs24, hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, interacts with perlecan in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes 査読

    T Nishida, S Kubota, T Fukunaga, S Kondo, G Yosimichi, T Nakanishi, T Takano-Yamamoto, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY   196 ( 2 )   265 - 275   2003年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

    Connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24) plays important roles in the control of the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes in vitro. To clarify the mechanisms of regulation by CTGF/Hcs24 with respect to cartilage metabolism, we investigated the interaction between CTGF/Hcs24 and heparan sulfate proteoglycan perlecan. An immunofluorescence study showed that CTGF/Hcs24 was colocalized with heparan sulfate and perlecan in human chondrosarcoma-derived chondrocytic cell line HCS-2/8 in vitro. Northern blot analysis showed that perlecan, syndecan-1, -2, and -4 transcripts were detected in HCS-2/8 cells. Particularly, expression of the perlecan gene increased markedly in HCS-2/8 cells by recombinant CTGF/Hcs24 (rCTGF/Hcs24) treatment. We also found that CTGF/Hcs24 interacted with perlecan from HCS-2/8 cells in vitro. Furthermore, CTGF/Hcs24-stimulated gene expression of the aggrecan gene, as well as DNA/proteoglycan synthesis, was diminished when HCS-2/8 cells were pretreated with heparinase, indicating that the effects of CTGF/Hcs24 on chondrocytes occurred through the interaction between CTGF/Hcs24 and heparan sulfate on the cells. An in vivo study using mouse growth plate revealed that CTGF/Hcs24 produced by hypertrophic chondrocytes was localized from the proliferative to the hypertrophic zone, whereas perlecan was predominantly localized in the prehyphertrophic zone. Consistent with such findings in vivo, the binding of I-125-rCTGF/Hcs24 to maturing chondrocytes was at higher levels than that to chondrocytes in hypertrophic stages. These findings suggest that CTGF/Hcs24 produced in the hypertrophic region may act on chondrocytes in the proliferative and maturative zone via some heparan sulfate proteoglycan, such as perlecan. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jpc.10277

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  • ヒト軟骨肉腫培養細胞株における結合組織成長因子(CTGF)の低酸素による誘導はp38 MAPK経路を介している

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 森谷 徳文, 滝川 正春

    日本癌学会総会記事   62回   86 - 86   2003年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本癌学会  

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  • Transcriptional induction of connective tissue growth factor hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific 24 gene by dexamethasone in human chondrocytic cells

    S Kubota, NH Moritami, H Kawaki, H Mimura, M Minato, M Takigawa

    BONE   32 ( 5 )   S98 - S98   2003年5月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

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  • Suppressive effect of overexpressed connective tissue growth factor on tumor cell growth in a human oral squamous cell carcinoma-derived cell line

    NH Moritani, S Kubota, T Nishida, H Kawaki, S Kondo, T Sugahara, M Takigawa

    CANCER LETTERS   192 ( 2 )   205 - 214   2003年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCI IRELAND LTD  

    Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is known to be a multifunctional growth factor that is overexpressed. in several types of malignancies. In this study, effects of CTGF gene overexpression on the phenotypes of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells were investigated by using a cell line with undetectable endogenous CTGF expression. Surprisingly, our results indicated that CTGF-overexpressed clones were characterized by attenuated cell growth and less potent tumorigenicity, with coincidental downregulation of prothymosin a gene. Although CTGF is known to promote cell proliferation in mesenchymal cells, our present results suggest that CTGF acts as a negative regulator of the cell growth in oral squamous cell carcinoma possibly through its interaction with growth modifiers inside the cell. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/S0304-3835(02)00718-8

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  • Role of CTGF/HCS24/ecogenin in skeletal growth control

    M Takigawa, T Nakanishi, S Kubota, T Nishida

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY   194 ( 3 )   256 - 266   2003年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

    Connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24) is a multifunctional growth factor for chondrocytes, osteoblasts, and vascular endothelial cells. CTGF/Hcs24 promotes the proliferation and maturation of growth cartilage cells and articular cartilage cells in culture and hypertrophy of growth cartilage cells in culture. The factor also stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of cultured osteoblastic cells. Moreover, CTGF/Hcs24 promotes the adhesion, proliferation, and migration of vascular endothelial cells, as well as induces tube formation by the cells and strong angiogenesis in vivo. Because angiogenesis is critical for the replacement of cartilage with bone at the final stage of endochondral ossification and because gene expression of CTGF/Hcs24 predominates in hypertrophic chondrocytes in the physiological state, a major physiological role for this factor should be the promotion of the entire process of endochondral ossification, with the factor acting on the above three types of cells as a paracrine factor. Thus, CTGF/Hcs24 should be called "ecogenin: endochondral ossification genetic factor." In addition to hypertrophic chondrocytes, osteoblasts activated by various stimuli including wounding also express a significantly high level of CTGF/Hcs24. These findings in conjunction with in vitro findings about osteoblasts mentioned above suggest the involvement of CTGF/Hcs24 in intramembranous ossification and bone modeling/remodeling. Because angiogenesis is also critical for intramembranous ossification and bone remodeling, CTGF/Hcs24 expressed in endothelial cells activated by various stimuli including wounding may also play important roles in direct bone formation. In conclusion, although the most important physiological role of CTGF/Hcs24 is ecogenin action, the factors also play important roles in skeletal growth and modeling/remodeling via its direct action on osteoblasts under both physiological and pathological conditions. (C) 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcp.10206

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  • Conserved repressive regulation of connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene 24 (ctgf/hcs24) enabled by different elements and factors among vertebrate species

    Y Mukudai, S Kubota, M Takigawa

    BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY   384 ( 1 )   1 - 9   2003年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WALTER DE GRUYTER & CO  

    CTGF/Hcs24 is a multifunctional growth factor that potentiates the growth and differentiation of various cells. Our previous study revealed that the 3'-UTR of mammalian CTGF/Hcs24 mRNA contains a small segment that represses the gene expression in cis fashion. In this study, we isolated and characterized a chicken CTGF/Hcs24 cDNA clone. Chicken ctgf/hcs24 mRNA showed highly conserved homology in the ORF to that of mammalian species, whereas the homology in the 3'-UTR was relatively low. Northern blotting analysis revealed that chicken ctgf/hcs24 mRNA was expressed most strongly in cartilage, and also in brain, lung, heart, but faintly in liver. Thereafter we analyzed the functional potential of the 3'-UTR of ctgf/hcs24 cDNA to regulate its gene expression by reporter gene assay, and found that it repressed gene expression in cis fashion, specifically in avian cells, but not in mammalian cells. Conversely, the mammalian 3'-UTR showed less repressive activity in avian cells than in mammalian cells. Deletion analysis showed that a segment near the polyadenyl tail of the 3'-UTR of chicken ctgf/hcs24 played an important functional role, unlike in the mammalian species. Thus, we uncovered a novel mode of functional conservation of the ctgf/hcs24 3'-UTR among vertebrate species mediated by different factors.

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  • Interaction of AP-1 and the ctgf gene: a possible driver of chondrocyte hypertrophy in growth cartilage

    NH Moritani, S Kubota, T Eguchi, T Fukunaga, T Yamashiro, T Takano-Yamamoto, H Tahara, K Ohyama, T Sugahara, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL METABOLISM   21 ( 4 )   205 - 210   2003年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER-VERLAG TOKYO  

    The expression of the connective tissue growth factor (ctgf) gene increases along with the differentiation of growth cartilage cells, and the highest expression is observed in the hypertrophic stage. Similarly, recent reports demonstrated c-fos expression in chondrocytes in the early hypertrophic zone of growth cartilage, and suggested that the c-fos gene may play a crucial role in the regulation of hypertrophic differentiation. A chondrocytic human cell line, HCS-2/8, is known to retain a variety of chondrocytic phenotypes. When such cells were kept overconfluent, they expressed increasing levels of c-fos transcripts along a time course phenotypically similar to that of hypertrophic differentiation. Moreover, by using a competitive electromobility-shift assay, we found that AP-1, a Fos/Jun heterodimer, in HCS-2/8 was capable of binding not only to a typical AP-1-binding DNA fragment but also to the enhancer fragment of the ctgf gene. Based on the findings above, we hypothesize that, prior to hypertrophic differentiation, AP-1-related oncogenes are activated and that their gene products subsequently activate ctgf gene expression, which might eventually induce hypertrophy.

    DOI: 10.1007/s00774-003-0410-1

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  • 成長因子と軟骨細胞

    久保田聡, 滝川正春

    腎と骨代謝   16巻:103-110   2003年

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  • CTGF/Hcs24 interacts with the cytoskeletal protein actin in chondrocytes

    G Yosimichi, S Kubota, T Hattori, T Nishida, K Nawachi, T Nakanishi, M Kamada, T Takano-Yamamoto, M Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   299 ( 5 )   755 - 761   2002年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    Connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24) displays multiple functions in several types of mesenchymal cells, including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes. Recently, the internalization and intracellular function of CTGF/Hcs24 were indicated as well. In this study, a binding protein for this factor was purified from the cytosolic fraction of human chondrosarcoma-derived chondrocytic cell line (HCS-2/8) by CTGF/Hcs24-affinity chromatography. The apparent molecular weight of the protein was 42 kDa and determination of the internal amino acid sequence revealed this protein to be beta- or gamma-actin. An in vitro competitive binding assay of I-125-labeled recombinant CTGF/Hcs24 with cold-rCTGF/Hcs24 showed that the binding between actin and I-125-CTGF/Hcs24 was specific. Immunoprecipitation analysis also showed that CTGF/Hcs24 bound to actin in HCS-2/8 cells. However, rCTGF/Hcs24 had no effects on the expression level of gamma-actin mRNA or total actin protein. These findings suggest that a significant portion of intracellular CTGF/Hcs24 may regulate certain cell biological events in chondrocytes through the interaction with this particular cytoskeletal protein. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

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  • Tyrosine kinase-type receptor ErbB4 in chondrocytes: interaction with connective tissue growth factor and distribution in cartilage

    K Nawachi, M Inoue, S Kubota, T Nishida, G Yosimichi, T Nakanishi, M Kanyama, T Kuboki, H Yatani, T Yamaai, M Takigawa

    FEBS LETTERS   528 ( 1-3 )   109 - 113   2002年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    In order to identify receptor molecules that participate in the growth and differentiation of cliondrocytes, we cloned a number of cDNA fragments from HCS-2/8 chondrocytic cells, by using tyrosine kinase-specific primers for amplification. The mRNA expression of one such receptor, ErbB4, was increased by connective tissue growth factorthypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product (CTGF/Hes24), which promotes all stages of the endochondral ossification in vitro. ErbB4 expression was observed through all stages of chondrocytic differentiation in vitro, corresponding to the wide distribution of CTGF/Hcs24 target cells. Furthermore, positive signals for erbB4 mRNA were detectable throughout most populations of chondrocytes, in growth and articular cartilage in vivo. These results demonstrate for the first time that ErbB4 is expressed in chondrocytes and may play some roles in chondrocytic growth and differentiation along with CTGF/Hcs24. (C) 2002 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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  • ヒト口腔扁平上皮癌細胞株における結合組織成長因子(CTGF)の腫瘍細胞増殖抑制効果

    森谷 徳文, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 西田 崇, 川木 晴美, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    歯科基礎医学会雑誌   44 ( 5 )   395 - 395   2002年9月

  • 軟骨由来成長因子CTGF/Hcs24の細胞種特異的遺伝子発現抑制機構の解析

    森谷 徳文, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 近藤 誠二, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    生化学   74 ( 8 )   913 - 913   2002年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • CTGF/Hcs24, a hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, stimulates proliferation and differentiation, but not hypertrophy of cultured articular chondrocytes 査読

    T Nishida, S Kubota, T Nakanishi, T Kuboki, G Yosimichi, S Kondo, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY   192 ( 1 )   55 - 63   2002年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

    We previously reported that connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTCF/Hcs24) stimulated the proliferation and differentiation of rabbit growth cartilage (RGC) cells in vitro. In this study, we investigated the effects of CTGF/Hcs24 on the proliferation and differentiation of rabbit articular cartilage (RAC) cells in vitro. RAC cells transduced by recombinant adenoviruses generating mRNA for CTGF/Hcs24 synthesized more proteoglycan than the control cells. Also, treatment of RAC cells with recombinant CTGF/Hcs24 (rCTGF/Hcs24) increased DNA and proteoglycan syntheses in a dose-dependent manner. Northern blot analysis revealed that the rCTGF/Hcs24 stimulated the gene expression of type II collagen and aggrecan core protein, which are markers of chondrocyte maturation, in both RGC and RAC cells. However, the gene expression of type X collagen, a marker of hypertrophic chondrocytes, was stimulated by rCTGF/Hcs24 only in RGC cells, but not in RAC cells. Oppositely, gene expression of tenascin-C, a marker of articular chondrocytes, was stimulated by rCTGF/Hcs24 in RAC cells, but not in RGC cells. Moreover, rCTGF/Hcs24 effectively increased both alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity and matrix calcification of RGC cells, but not of RAC cells. These results indicate that CTGF/Hcs24 promotes the proliferation and differentiation of articular chondrocytes, but does not promote their hypertrophy or calcification. Taken together, the data show that CTCF/Hcs24 is a direct growth and differentiation factor for articular cartilage, and suggest that it may be useful for the repair of articular cartilage. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

    DOI: 10.1002/jcp.10113

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  • A novel cis-element that enhances connective tissue growth factor gene expression in chondrocytic cells

    T Eguchi, S Kubota, S Kondo, T Kuboki, H Yatani, M Takigawa

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   295 ( 2 )   445 - 451   2002年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE  

    To clarify the chondrocyte-specific regulatory mechanism of connective tissue growth factor (ctgf) gene expression, we analyzed the functionality and DNA-protein interaction of the CTGF promoter. Comparative luciferase assay of the CTGF promoter deletion mutants among HCS-2/8 chondrocytic cells and fibroblastic cells revealed that a 110-bp region in the promoter was crucial for the HCS-2/8-specific transcriptional enhancement. Subsequent competitive gel shift assay revealed that transcription factors in HCS-2/8 nuclei bound to a 60-bp portion in the corresponding region. Relative luciferase activity from a CTGF promoter with mutant TGF-beta response element (TbRE) was 16.9% lower than that from an intact promoter. On the other hand, relative luciferase activity from a CTGF promoter with 4 bp point mutations at 30 bp upstream of the TbRE was 47.7% lower than that from the intact one. The binding activity of HCS-2/8 nuclear factor(s) to the sequence over the 4-bp was remarkably higher than that of any nuclear extract from other types of cells. Therefore, we entitled the sequence 'TRENDIC', a transcription enhancer dominant in chondrocytes, which stands for a novel enhancer for chondrocyte-specific CTGF gene expression. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

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  • A trans-dominant negative HIV type 1 Rev with intact domains of NLS/NOS and NES

    JH Fang, S Kubota, RJ Pomerantz

    AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES   18 ( 10 )   705 - 709   2002年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MARY ANN LIEBERT INC PUBL  

    The nuclear diffusion inhibitory signal (NIS) is a 15-amino acid peptide motif (10-24; EDLLKAVRLIKFLYQ) in the N-terminus of the HIV-1 Rev protein. NIS appears to be involved in maintaining the proper nucleocytoplasmic trafficking and intracellular stability of HIV-1 Rev. Deletion in NIS leads to Rev functional inactivity, and these data led to further investigation of its possible inhibitory effects on Rev function. An HIV-1 proviral rescue assay was utilized to evaluate Rev function. The association between wild-type Rev molecules, or wild-type Rev with Revd23, an NIS mutant, plus Rev-responsive element (RRE) interactions in cultured cells were also evaluated. Revd23 showed a potent trans-dominant negative phenotype, while multimerization with wild-type Rev and Revd23-RRE binding in cells were found to reveal no significant changes from wildtype. These results suggest that the potential trans-dominance mechanism of Revd23 may differ from that of a Rev construct, RevM10, with mutations in the C-terminus nuclear export signal (NES). As such, these data will be useful in the rational design of novel antiretroviral approaches targeting HIV-1 Rev.

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  • Connective tissue growth factor increased by hypoxia may initiate angiogenesis in collaboration with matrix metalloproteinases

    S Kondo, S Kubota, T Shimo, T Nishida, G Yosimichi, T Eguchi, T Sugahara, M Takigawa

    CARCINOGENESIS   23 ( 5 )   769 - 776   2002年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is known to be a potent angiogenic factor. Here we investigated how CTGF and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the early stage of hypoxia-induced angiogenesis using human breast cancer cell line, MDA231, and vascular endothelial cells. Hypoxic stimulation (5% O-2) of MDA231 cells increased their steady-state level of ctgf mRNA by similar to2-fold within 1.5 h, and the levels remained at a plateau up to 6 h, and then decreased by 12 h as compared with the cells cultured under the normoxic condition. Membrane-type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP) mRNA levels was also increased within a few hours of the exposure to hypoxia. Indeed, ELISA revealed that the CTGF protein/cell in medium conditioned by MDA231 cells exposed to hypoxia was maximally greater at 24 h than in the medium from normoxic cultures and that the secretion rate (supernatant CTGF/cell layer CTGF) increased in a time-dependent manner from 24 to 72 h of hypoxic exposure. Hypoxic induction of CTGF was also confirmed by immunohistochemical analyses. Furthermore, zymogram analysis revealed that the production of active MMP-9 was also induced in MDA231 cells incubated under hypoxic conditions. Finally, we found that recombinant CTGF also increased the expression of a number of metalloproteinases that play a role in the vascular invasive processes and decreased the expression of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases by vascular endothelial cells. These findings suggest that hypoxia stimulates MDA231 cells to release CTGF as an angiogenic modulator, which initiates the invasive angiogenesis cascade by modulating the balance of extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation via MMPs secreted by endothelial cells in response to CTGF. This cascade may play critical roles in the hypoxia-induced neovascularization that accompanies tumor invasion in vivo.

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  • CTGF/Hcs24, a hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, stimulates the proliferation and differentiation but not hypertrophy of cultured articular cartilage cells.

    Nishida, T, Kubota, S, Nakanishi, T, Kuboki, T, Yosimichi, G, Kondo S, Takigawa, M

    J. Cell. Physiol.   2002年

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  • The role of redox signaling in the processing of Gag polyprotein in immature retrovirus 査読

    S Kubota, S Oroszlan

    XI BIENNIAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY FOR FREE RADICAL RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL   193 - 197   2002年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)   出版者・発行元:MEDIMOND S R L  

    Incubation of radiolabeled immature Moloney murine leukemia virus (Mo-MLV) in buffers containing the reducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) or adsorption to NIH 3T3 cells resulted in similar time-dependent cleavage of the Pr65 Gag poly-protein by the endogenous viral protease (PR). The combined results suggest that cell membrane-associated thioreductases may initiate and accelerate retroviral polyprotein processing and that redox regulation may be involved in virus maturation, which is essential for replication.

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  • CTGF/Hcs24, a hypertrophic chondrocyte specific gene product, stimulates the proliferation and expression of the cartilage phenotype but not hypertrophy or calcification or articular cartilage in culture.

    Nishida T, Kubota S, Nakanishi T, Kuboki T, Yosimichi G, Kondo S, Takigawa M

    J Cell Physiol   192,   55 - 63   2002年

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  • Connective tissue growth factor as a major angiogenic agent that is induced by hypoxia in a human breast cancer cell line

    T Shimo, S Kubota, S Kondo, T Nakanishi, A Sasaki, H Mese, T Matsumura, M Takigawa

    CANCER LETTERS   174 ( 1 )   57 - 64   2001年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD  

    Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is known to be a potent angiogenic factor. Here, we present the evidence that the hypoxic induction of angiogenesis by human breast cancer cells (MDA-231) can be ascribed at least in part to CTGF, Our results indicate that (i) CTGF is abundantly present in MDA-231 cells in vitro and in vivo, (ii) its secretion is up-regulated by hypoxia, and (iii) its gene expression is enhanced in MDA-231 cells cultured under hypoxic conditions. These data suggest CTGF may stimulate angiogenesis by paracrine mechanisms, thereby contributing to the invasion of breast cancer cells. This is the first evidence that human cancer cells differentially express CTGF protein and mRNA under the control of hypoxic conditions. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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  • 遺伝子発現の抑圧的調節を仲介するマウスctgf3'-UTR segmentの性質

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 服部 高子, 中西 徹, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    日本口腔科学会雑誌   50 ( 6 )   568 - 568   2001年11月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(NPO)日本口腔科学会  

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  • Cell-type-specific trans-activation of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase promoter by the human T-cell leukemia virus type I Tax protein

    S Kubota, Y Mukudai, T Hattori, T Eguchi, S Kondo, M Takigawa

    DNA AND CELL BIOLOGY   20 ( 9 )   563 - 568   2001年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MARY ANN LIEBERT INC PUBL  

    The human T-cell leukemia virus type I Tax protein (HTLV-I Tax) is known as a trans-activating factor for a variety of genes, including those of cytokines. Here, we show that Tax is capable of activating the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) promoter in certain mammalian cell lines. In murine NIH 3T3 fibroblasts and human HeLa cells, trans-activation by Tax was remarkably strong, whereas in human chondrocytic HCS-2/8 and monkey kidney Cos-7 cells, the responsiveness of the TK promoter to Tax was poor. Deletion analysis revealed that one of the two previously described Sp1 sites is required for the Tax responsiveness, whereas the CTF binding site is not. The results suggest possible interactions between the oncogenic Tax protein and the viral TK in coinfected cells in vivo. Care should be taken in the context of HTLV-I research, as the HSV-TK promoter has been widely used in molecular biology and gene therapeutics.

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  • Novel mode of processing and secretion of connective tissue growth factor/ecogenin (CTGF/Hcs24) in chondrocytic HCS-2/8 cells

    S Kubota, T Eguchi, T Shimo, T Nishida, T Hattori, S Kondo, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    BONE   29 ( 2 )   155 - 161   2001年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    The synthesis, processing, and secretion of human connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/Hcs24) in a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8, were analyzed immunochemically. By metabolic pulse-labeling, chasing, and subsequent immunoprecipitation analyses, active synthesis of CTGF was observed not only in growing HCS-2/8 cells, but also in confluent cells. However, secretion and processing of CTGF were found to be regulated differentially, depending upon the growth status. During phases of growth, HCS-2/8 cells released CTGF molecules immediately without sequestering them within the cell layer. In contrast, after the cells reached confluence, the secretion slowed, resulting in an accumulation of CTGF in the cells or extracellular matrices (ECMs). Also, in confluent cell layers, a 10 kDa protein that was reactive to an anti-CTGF serum was observed. This CTGF-related small protein was not detected immediately after labeling, but gradually appeared within 6 h after chase, which suggests its entity as a processed subfragment of CTGF. Surprisingly, the 10 kDa protein was stable even 48 h after synthesis, and was not released by ECM digestion, suggesting an intracellular maintenance and function. Taken together, the behavior of CTGF in HCS-2/8 cells is remarkably different from that reported in fibroblasts, which may represent unique roles for CTGF in the growth and differentiation of chondrocytes. (C) 2001 by Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

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  • 多機能成長因子CTGF/Hcs24遺伝子の転写後制御エレメント,CAESARの作用機序

    久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 椋代 義樹, 江口 傑徳, 服部 高子, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    生化学   73 ( 8 )   710 - 710   2001年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • Regulatory mechanism of human connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/Hcs24) gene expression in a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8

    T Eguchi, S Kubota, S Kondo, T Shimo, T Hattori, T Nakanishi, T Kuboki, H Yatani, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY   130 ( 1 )   79 - 87   2001年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:OXFORD UNIV PRESS  

    CTGF/Hcs24 is a multi-functional growth factor that potentiates either the growth or differentiation of mesenchymal cells, according to the biological conditions. Among various functional aspects of CTGF/Hcs24, it is especially notable that CTGF/Hcs24 may promote endochondral ossification in growth cartilage through all stages, and it is highly expressed in a human chondrosarcoma-derived chondrocytic cell line (HCS-2/8). In this study, to clarify the regulatory mechanism of CTGF/Hcs24 gene expression in chondrocytes, we analyzed the transcriptional activity of the CTGF/Hcs24 promoter and the effect of the CTGF/Hcs24 S'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) on gene expression in HCS-2/8 by means of an established DNA transfection and luciferase reporter gene assay system. As a result, the luciferase activity of the CTGF/Hcs24 promoter was found to be remarkably high in HCS-2/8. The 3'-UTR of the CTGF/Hcs24 gene strongly repressed the luciferase activity in HCS-2/8, when it was linked to the downstream of the luciferase reporter gene, suggesting its functionality also in chondrocytic cells. Deletion analysis of the CTGF/Hcs24 promoter clarified a major segment responsible for the enhanced CTGF/Hcs24 promoter activity in HCS-2/8, The TGF-beta response element in the DNA segment was active in HCS-2/8, and point mutations in the element moderately decreased the highly maintained promoter activity with total loss of TGF-beta responsiveness. These results indicate that the strong expression of the CTGF/Hcs24 gene in HCS-2/8 was mainly caused by high transcriptional activity of the CTGF/Hcs24 promoter, and that the TGF-beta response element is one of the critical elements that support the high transcription activity.

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  • In vitro及びin vivoにおける肥大軟骨細胞由来の成長因子CTGF/Hcs24の関節軟骨細胞に対する作用

    西田 崇, 中西 徹, 久保田 聡, 吉道 玄, 近藤 誠二, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会雑誌   19 ( 2 )   30 - 30   2001年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • The extinction program for Homo sapiens and cloning humans: trinucleotide expansion as a one-way track to extinction

    S Kubota

    MEDICAL HYPOTHESES   56 ( 3 )   296 - 301   2001年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE  

    It has been uncovered that expansion of trinucleotide repeats in the human genome are causing a variety of genetic diseases. They are also identified in other loci that are not clearly related to particular diseases, which indicates such repeat expansion is one of the general forms of evolution occurring throughout the human genome. Trinucleotide repeat expansion has been shown to occur during meiosis, and is generally irreversible. In consequence, every human chromosome suffers from the burden of accumulating trinucleotide repeats along with the passage of generation, which eventually ends up in a deficiency of replication. Thus, all the human chromosomes are predicted to be 'mortal', so far as they replicate through meiosis. Naturally, the mortality of human chromosomes leads to the mortality of Home sapiens as a species on earth. Although it is quite controversial, a radical breakthrough for humans to survive might be found through cloning reproduction without meiosis. (C) 2001 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

    DOI: 10.1054/mehy.2000.1140

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  • Change in cellular localization of a rheumatoid arthritis-related antigen (RA-A47) with downregulation upon stimulation by inflammatory cytokines in chondrocytes: Implications for a recognition mechanism of RA-A47 as autoantigen during rheumatoid arthr・・・

    Hattori, T, S. Kubota, Y. Yutani, T. Fujisawa, T. Nakanishi, K. Takahashi, M. Takigawa

    Journal of Cellular Physiology   186 ( 2 )   268 - 281   2001年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    Change in cellular localization of a rheumatoid arthritis-related antigen (RA-A47) with downregulation upon stimulation by inflammatory cytokines in chondrocytes: Implications for a recognition mechanism of RA-A47 as autoantigen during rheumatoid arthritis.

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  • 軟骨細胞とMMPs-生理学的役割を中心に

    久保田聡, 滝川正春

    The Bone   15巻:39-43   2001年

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  • Characterization of a mouse ctgf 3ユ-UTR segment that mediates repressive regulation of gene expression.

    Kondo, S, S. Kubota, T. Eguchi, T. Hattori, T. Nakanishi, T. Sugahara, M. Takigawa

    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications   278 ( 1 )   119 - 124   2000年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Identification of an RNA element that confers post-transcriptional repression of connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte specific 24 (ctgf/hcs24) gene: Similarities to retroviral RNA-protein interactions

    S Kubota, S Kondo, T Eguchi, T Hattori, T Nakanishi, RJ Pomerantz, M Takigawa

    ONCOGENE   19 ( 41 )   4773 - 4786   2000年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP  

    The repressive effect of the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) in human connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte specific 24 (ctgf/hcs24) mRNA on gene expression had been demonstrated in our previous study. Here, we identified a minimal RNA element in the 3'-UTR, which acts as a cis-acting element of structure-anchored repression (CAESAR). Deletion analyses of the 3'-UTR led us to minimize the element of 84 bases at the junction of the coding region and the 3'-UTR. The minimized RNA segment is predicted, and actually capable of forming a stable secondary structure in vitro. Mutational analyses disclosed a significant relationship between the predicted structure and repressive effect. The utility of CAESAR as a post-transcriptional regulatory element was represented by the fact that steady-state mRNA levels were not affected by CAESAR linked in cis, while protein levels from such a chimeric gene were markedly reduced. Of note, the CAESAR sequence exerted no effect, when it was placed upstream of the promoter. Finally, RNA gel electromobility-shift analyses demonstrated a nuclear factor that interacts with the folded CAESAR. Taken together, it was uncovered that CAESAR of ctgf is a novel post-transcriptional structured RNA regulatory element, probably acting through direct interactions with a nuclear factor as observed in retroviral RNA elements with certain proteins.

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  • 軟骨由来の成長因子CTGF/Hcs24遺伝子の転写後制御エレメント,CAESARの構造機能連関

    久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 江口 傑徳, 服部 高子, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    生化学   72 ( 8 )   972 - 972   2000年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • The nuclear function of the nuclear diffusion inhibitory signal of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 - Critical roles in dominant nuclear localization and intracellular stability

    S Kubota, RJ Pomerantz

    JOURNAL OF HUMAN VIROLOGY   3 ( 4 )   173 - 181   2000年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

    Objectives: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Rev is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein with dominant localization in the cell nucleus/nucleolus. To clarify the mechanism(s) that enables such a biased subcellular localization under the co-presence of nuclear/nucleolar targeting (NOS) and nuclear export signals (NES), the properties of another functional domain, a nuclear diffusion inhibitory signal (NIS), was investigated,
    Study Design: The NIS was previously shown to interfere with passive nuclear entry of small proteins. Intracellular distribution and degradation profiles of Rev mutants chat harbor mutations in the NIS were analyzed biochemically and cell-biologically.
    Results: A NIS-deficient Rev mutant, which was no longer functional as Rev, displayed a significantly more rapid degradation profile as a consequence of its dramatic leakage into the cytoplasm. Additionally, disabling the NOS/nuclear localization signal (NLS), as well as the NIS, resulted in further rapid degradation, which also supports the hypothetical role of the nucleolus as a Rev storage site.
    Conclusions: It was uncovered that the NIS is playing a key role in HIV-1 Rev function by maintaining the nuclear-dominant localization and the intracellular stability of Rev.

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  • 軟骨細胞および線維芽細胞株におけるCTGF/Ecogenin遺伝子発現の3'-UTRによる調節

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 服部 高子, 中西 徹, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    岡山歯学会雑誌   19 ( 1 )   205 - 206   2000年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:岡山歯学会  

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  • 軟骨由来の成長因子CTGF/Hcs24遺伝子に同定された新たな転写後制御エレメント,CAESAR

    久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 江口 傑徳, 服部 高子, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会雑誌   18 ( 2 )   119 - 119   2000年6月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Novel intracellular effects of human connective tissue growth factor expressed in Cos-7 cells

    S Kubota, T Hattori, T Shimo, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    FEBS LETTERS   474 ( 1 )   58 - 62   2000年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV  

    To clarify the multiple functionality of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), we examined the effects of nascent CTGF within the cell by transient expression. Tn Cos-7 cells, expression of human CTGF induced an altered cell morphology, It was associated with an increased cellular DNA content and loose attachment, indicating the cells mere in G2/M phase. Overexpression of CTGF did not induce cell growth, whereas recombinant CTGF efficiently stimulated the proliferation extracellularly, These results indicate that intracellular CTGF may act as an antimitotic agent, thus it should also be noted that nascent CTGF was found to accumulate around the central mitotic machinery. (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

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  • Role of lentiviral lytic polypeptide I (LLP-I) in the selective cytotoxicity of gamma-glutamylcysteine ethyl ester against human immunodeficiency virus type 1-producing cells

    S Kubota, H Zhang, S Kitahara, RJ Pomerantz

    ANTIVIRAL CHEMISTRY & CHEMOTHERAPY   10 ( 3 )   121 - 127   1999年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:INT MEDICAL PRESS  

    Selective cytotoxic effects of gamma-glutamylcysteine ethyl ester (gamma-CCE) against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-l)-infected H-9 T lymphocytic cells were demonstrated previously. However, the mechanism of those effects remained unclear. Here, we report on enhanced cytotoxicity of the lentiviral lytic peptide I (LLP-1) of gp41, the envelope transmembrane glycoprotein of HIV-I. in the presence of gamma-GCE. Without gamma-GCE, the cytotoxic effect of LLP-1 was transient, whereas with gamma-GCE, cell death induced by LLP-1 remained continuous until termination. Of note, such effects by gamma-GCE were also observed with another unrelated amphipathic peptide toxin, melittin. These results suggest that the synergistic cytotoxic effect of gamma-GCE and LLP-1 may play a central role in the molecular mechanism of the selective cytotoxicity of gamma-GCE in HIV-l-infected T lymphocytic cells.

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  • Involvement of cis-acting repressive element(s) in the 3ユ-untranslated region of human connective tissue growth factor gene

    Kubota, S, Hattori, T, Nakanishi, T, Takigawa, M

    FEBS Letters   450 ( 1-2 )   84 - 88   1999年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Nuclear and nucleolar targeting of human ribosomal protein S25: Common features shared with HIV-1 regulatory proteins

    S Kubota, TD Copeland, RJ Pomerantz

    ONCOGENE   18 ( 7 )   1503 - 1514   1999年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:STOCKTON PRESS  

    The nuclear and nucleolar targeting properties of human ribosomal protein S25 (RPS25) were analysed by the expression of epitope-tagged RPS25 cDNAs in Cos-l cells. The tagged RPS25 was localized to the cell nucleus, with a strong predominance in the nucleolus. At the amino terminus of RPS25, two stretches of highly basic residues juxtapose. This configuration shares common features with the nucleolar targeting signals (NOS) of lentiviral RNA-binding transactivators, including human immunodeficiency viruses' (HIV) Rev proteins. Deletion and site-directed mutational analyses demonstrated that the first NOS-like stretch is dispensable for both nuclear and nucleolar localization of RPS25, and that the nuclear targeting signal is located within the second NOS-like stretch. It has also been suggested that a set of continuous basic residues and the total number of basic residues should be required for nucleolar targeting. Signal-mediated nuclear/nucleolar targeting was further characterized by the construction and expression of a variety of chimeric constructs, utilizing three different backbones with RPS25 cDNA fragments. Immunofluorescence analyses demonstrated a 17 residue peptide of RPS25 as a potential nuclear/nucleolar targeting signal. The identified peptide signal may belong to a putative subclass of NOS, characterized by compact structure, together with lentiviral RNA binding transactivators.

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  • HIV mRNAの核外輸送とRev - スプライシングを免れて核外にでる方法

    久保田聡

    医学のあゆみ   189: 1009-1010   1999年

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  • Novel inhibitory effects of g-glutamylcysteine ethyl ester against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 production and propagation.(共著)

    Kubota, S, S. Shetty, H. Zhang, S. Kitahara, R.J. Pomerantz

    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy   42 ( 5 )   1200 - 1206   1998年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • A cis-acting peptide signal in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 Rev which inhibits nuclear entry of small proteins.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, R.J. Pomerantz

    Oncogene   16 ( 14 )   1851 - 1861   1998年4月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Modulation of HTLVL-I gene expression by HIV-1 Rev through an alternative RxRE-independent pahtway mediated by the RU5 portion of the 5’-LTR.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, Furuta, R.A, M. Hatanaka, R.J. Pomerantz

    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications   243 ( 1 )   79 - 85   1998年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Cis/trans-activation of the interleukin-9 receptor gene in an HTLV-I -transformed human lymphocytic cell.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, R.J. Pomerantz

    Oncogene   12   1441 - 1447   1998年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Nucleo-cytoplasmic re-distribution of the HTLV-I Rex protein: Alterations by co-expression of the HTLV-I p21x protein.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, M. Hatanaka, R.J. Pomerantz

    Virology   220 ( 2 )   502 - 507   1996年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Binding of intracellular anti-Rev SFvs to different epitopes of HIV-1 Rev: Variations in viral inhibition.(共著) 査読

    Wu, Y, L. Duan, M. Zhu, S. Kubota, O. Bagasra, R.J. Pomerantz

    Journal of Virology   70 ( 5 )   3290 - 3297   1996年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Nuclear preservation and cytoplasmic degradation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Rev protein.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, L. Duan, R.A. Furuta, M. Hatanaka, R.J. Pomerantz

    Journal of Virology   70 ( 2 )   1282 - 1287   1996年2月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Analysis of a novel defective HTLV-I provirus and detection of a new HTLV-I -induced cellular transcript.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, R.A. Furuta, H. Siomi, M. Maki, M. Hatanaka

    FEBS Letters   375 ( 1-2 )   31 - 36   1995年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Binding of human prothymosin a to the leucine-motif/activation domains of HTLV-I Rex and HIV-1 Rev.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, Y. Adachi, T.D. Copeland, S. Oroszlan

    European Journal of Biochemistry   233 ( 1 )   48 - 54   1995年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Use of a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Rev mutant without nucleolar dysfunction as a candidate for potential AIDS therapy.(共著) 査読

    Furuta,R.A, S. Kubota, M. Maki, Y. Miyazaki, T. Hattori, M Hatanaka

    Journal of Virology   69 ( 3 )   1591 - 1599   1995年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • The origin of HIV-I rev gene : an evolutionary hypothesis.(jointly worked) 査読

    Kubota, S, S. Oroszlan, M. Hatanaka

    FEBS Letters   338 ( 2 )   118 - 121   1994年1月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • ウィルスと宿主の関係性の進化 査読

    畑中正一, 久保田聡

    蛋白質 核酸 酵素   39   2457 - 2464   1994年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Cytotoxic activity of rev protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by nucleolar dysfunction.(共著) 査読

    Nosaka, T, T. Takamatsu, Y. Miyazaki, K. Sano, A. Sato, S. Kubota, M. Sakurai, Y. Ariumi, M. Nakai, S. Fujita, M. Hatanaka

    Experimental Cell Research   209 ( 1 )   89 - 102   1993年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • LONG CELLULAR REPEATS FLANKING A DEFECTIVE HTLV-I PROVIRUS - IMPLICATION FOR SITE-TARGETED INTEGRATION 査読

    S KUBOTA, R FURUTA, M MAKI, H SIOMI, M HATANAKA

    ONCOGENE   8 ( 10 )   2873 - 2877   1993年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:STOCKTON PRESS  

    Retroviruses generally integrate as proviruses which are flanked by long-terminal repeats (LTRs) on both 5' and 3' ends. Since these LTRs are required for the efficient integration mediated by the viral integrase, it is believed that defective proviruses with a single LTR are normally formed by deletion after integration. However, we found no deletion of cellular sequences around the integration site of such a defective HTLV-1. Rather, we identified 99 bp-long direct repeats adjacent to both ends of the defective provirus. The repeated cellular sequences contained a potential poly(A) signal followed by a retroviral primer-binding-site-like sequence. The presence of the direct repeats of cellular sequences can be explained by the integration of the defective virus through homologous recombination between cellular and viral read-through sequences.

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  • Long cellular repeats flanking a defective HTLV-I provirus: implication for site-targeted integration.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, R. Furuta, M. Maki, H. Siomi, M. Hatanaka

    Oncogene   8 ( 10 )   2873 - 2877   1993年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • Nucleolar targeting signal of human T-cell leukemia virus type I rex-encoded protein is essential for cytoplasmic accumulation of unspliced viral mRNA.(共著) 査読

    Nosaka, T, T. Takamatsu, Y. Miyazaki, K. Sano, A. Sato, S. Kubota, M. Sakurai, Y. Ariumi, M. Nakai, S. Fujita, M. Hatanaka

    Procedings of National Academy of Science USA   86   9798 - 9802   1993年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • 制御遺伝子をターゲットとした抗HIV戦略 招待

    久保田聡

    Molecular Medicine   30:   773 - 775   1993年

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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  • HIVとRadical Scavenger 招待

    久保田 聡

    メディカルイムノロジー   26   453 - 459   1993年

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  • Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 rev function by a rev mutant which interferes with nuclear / nucleolar localization of rev.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, R. Furuta, M. Maki, M. Hatanaka

    Journal of Virology   66 ( 4 )   2510 - 2513   1992年4月

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    記述言語:英語  

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  • FUNCTIONAL CONVERSION FROM HIV-1 REV TO HTLV-1 REX BY MUTATION 査読

    S KUBOTA, T NOSAKA, R FURUTA, M MAKI, M HATANAKA

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   178 ( 3 )   1226 - 1232   1991年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC JNL-COMP SUBSCRIPTIONS  

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  • EFFECTS OF CHIMERIC MUTANTS OF HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS TYPE-1 REV AND HUMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA-VIRUS TYPE-I REX ON NUCLEOLAR TARGETING SIGNALS 査読

    S KUBOTA, T NOSAKA, BR CULLEN, M MAKI, M HATANAKA

    JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY   65 ( 5 )   2452 - 2456   1991年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY  

    Two chimeric mutant genes derived from rev of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and rex of human T-cell leukemia virus type I were constructed to investigate the functions of the nucleolar-targeting signals (NOS) in Rev and Rex proteins. A chimeric Rex protein whose NOS region was substituted with the NOS of Rev was located predominantly in the cell nucleolus and functioned like the wild-type protein in the Rex assay system. However, a chimeric Rev with the NOS of Rex abolished Rev function despite its nucleolar localization. This nonfunctional nucleolar-targeting chimeric protein inhibited the function of both Rex and Rev. In the same experimental conditions, this mutant interfered with the localization of the functional Rex in the nucleolus.

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  • 2,3 DIMERCAPTO-1-PROPANOL INHIBITS HIV-1 TAT ACTIVITY, VIRAL PRODUCTION, AND INFECTIVITY INVITRO 査読

    S KUBOTA, MA ELFARRASH, M MAKI, S HARADA, M HATANAKA

    AIDS RESEARCH AND HUMAN RETROVIRUSES   6 ( 7 )   919 - 927   1990年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:MARY ANN LIEBERT INC PUBL  

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  • Nucleolar targeting signal of human T-cell leukemia virus type I rex-encoded protein is essential for cytoplasmic accumulation of unspliced viral mRNA

    T. Nosaka, H. Siomi, Y. Adachi, M. Ishibashi, S. Kubota, M. Maki, M. Hatanaka

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America   86 ( 24 )   9798 - 9802   1989年12月

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    The posttranscriptional regulator (rex) of human T-cell leukemia virus type I is known to be located predominantly in the cell nucleolus and to induce the accumulation of gag and env viral mRNAs. The N-terminal 19 amino acids of rex-encoded protein (Rex) has been shown to be sufficient to direct hybrid proteins to the cell nucleolus. We have studied the function of the nucleolar targeting signal (NOS) of rex by using full-length proviral DNA and mutant rex expression plasmids. Partial deletions of the NOS sequence abolished the accumulation of unspliced cytoplasmic mRNA, although the gene products of rex mutants were found in the nucleoplasm. These results indicate that NOS sequence, or nucleolar localization of Rex, is essential for Rex function.

    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.86.24.9798

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  • A region of basic amino-acid cluster in HIV-1 Tat protein is essential for trans-acting activity and nucleolar localization. 査読 国際誌

    S Endo, S Kubota, H Siomi, A Adachi, S Oroszlan, M Maki, M Hatanaka

    Virus genes   3 ( 2 )   99 - 110   1989年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

    The trans-acting factor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Tat, has a basic amino-acid cluster that is highly conserved among different HIV isolates. We have examined the effects of mutations in the basic region of Tat on its trans-acting activity and cellular localization. Introduction of a stop codon immediately preceding the basic region abolished the activity, while the truncated mutant with the basic region retained some activity. The basic region of Tat was replaceable with that of Rev (another trans-acting factor of HIV) but not with that of adenovirus Ela nor cellular enzyme. The result of immunofluorescence analysis revealed a correlation between the nuclear, especially nucleolar, accumulation and the activities of mutant Tat proteins.

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  • FUNCTIONAL SIMILARITY OF HIV-I REV AND HTLV-I REX PROTEINS - IDENTIFICATION OF A NEW NUCLEOLAR-TARGETING SIGNAL IN REV PROTEIN 査読

    S KUBOTA, H SIOMI, T SATOH, S ENDO, M MAKI, M HATANAKA

    BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS   162 ( 3 )   963 - 970   1989年8月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)   出版者・発行元:ACADEMIC PRESS INC JNL-COMP SUBSCRIPTIONS  

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  • Role of the cysteine-rich region of HIV tat protein on its transactivational ability.(共著) 査読

    Kubota, S, S. Endoh, M. Maki, M. Hatanaka

    Virus Genes   2   113 - 118   1988年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)  

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▼全件表示

書籍等出版物

  • Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules 2nd Edition

    Kubota, S, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: CCN)

    Springer  2018年 

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  • Preparation of module-specific antibodies against CCN family members: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kubota, S, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 115-126)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Analysis of expression of CCN family genes in skeletal tissue-derived cells: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kawaki, H, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 33-41)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Protocols for screening peptide motifs binding to CCN family proteins: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kubota, S, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 155-167)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Promoter analyses of CCN genes: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Eguchi, T, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 177-185)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Production of recombinant CCN family 2 protein in Escherichia. coli: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Aoyama E, T. Hattori, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 77-84)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • In vivo evaluation of cartilage regenerative effects of CCN2 protein: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Nishida, T, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 273-282)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Cell biological assays for measuring chondrogenic activities of CCN2 protein: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Nishida, T, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 219-237)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Production of recombinant CCN2 protein by mammalian cells. in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Nishida, T, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 95-105)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Immunohistochemical analyses of CCN proteins: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kawaki, H, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 53-62)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Western blotting analyses of CCN proteins: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kawaki, H, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 43-51)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • ELISA of CCN Family proteins in body fluids including serum and plasma: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kubota, S, H. Kawaki, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 127-138)

    Springer  2017年 

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  • Analysis of Post-transcriptional Regulation of CCN Genes: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kondo, S, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 187-209)

    Springer  2017年  ( ISBN:9781493964284

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  • Encyclopedia of Signaling Molecules

    Kubota, S, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: CCN)

    Springer  2012年 

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  • CCN Proteins in Health and Disease

    Springer  2010年 

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  • CCN Proteins in Health and Disease

    Springer  2010年 

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  • CCN Proteins in Health and Disease

    Springer  2010年 

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  • Int Rev Cytol

    Academic Press/Elsevier,New York/Amsterdam  2007年 

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  • 細胞増殖因子と再生医療

    メディカルレビュー社 ,大阪  2006年 

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  • CCN Proteins : A New Family of Cell Growth and Differentiation Regulators

    Imperial College Press ,London  2005年 

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  • Recent Research Development in Biphysics and Biochemistry

    Research Signpost,Kerara  2003年 

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  • Proceedings of the XI Biennial Meeting of the Society for Free Radical Research International

    Monduzzi Editorem  2002年 

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  • 両備てい園記念財団 研究助成金による研究報告 生物学に関する試験研究論叢

    2002年 

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  • 中冨健康科学振興財団、第13回研究助成業績集、

    2002年 

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  • 第4回生体組織工学シンポジウム

    2002年 

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  • Analysis of signaling pathways activated by CCN proteins: in Methods in Molecular Biology: CCN Proteins: Methods and Protocols

    Kawaki, H, S. Kubota, M. Takigawa( 担当: 分担執筆 ,  範囲: pp. 139-143)

    Springer 

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▼全件表示

MISC

  • フッ素イオンによるCCNファミリー遺伝子の制御

    水川 朋美, 西田 崇, 明石 翔, 堀 彩花, 高柴 正悟, 上岡 寛, 滝川 正春, 久保田 聡

    岡山歯学会雑誌   38 ( 2 )   85 - 85   2019年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:岡山歯学会  

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  • 低出力パルス超音波(LIPUS)の半月板修復効果とその作用機序 CCN2/CTGFの関与

    青山 絵理子, 西田 崇, 久保田 聡, 滝川 正春, 釜付 祐輔, 古松 毅之, 前原 亜美, 尾崎 敏文, 山中 信康

    Journal of Oral Biosciences Supplement   2019   403 - 403   2019年10月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 破骨細胞におけるロイコトリエン系の機能解明 CRISPR-Cas9を用いたalox5apノックアウトマウスの作製

    藤田 洋史, 長尾 僚祐, 土生田 宗憲, 服部 高子, 久保田 聡, 大内 淑代

    日本生化学会大会プログラム・講演要旨集   91回   [3P - 234]   2018年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • CCN2とRab14の相互作用が骨・軟骨細胞の小胞輸送に及ぼす役割 軟骨分化促進因子CCN2の新たな細胞内機能

    星島 光博, 服部 高子, 青山 絵理子, 西田 崇, 久保田 聡, 上岡 寛, 滝川 正春

    Journal of Oral Biosciences Supplement   2018   448 - 448   2018年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 軟骨におけるメラトニンとその受容体の日周的合成は軟骨の律動的遺伝子発現に影響を及ぼす(Circadian production of melatonin and its receptors in cartilage influences chondrocyte rhythmic gene expression)

    Fu Shanqi, 桑原 実穂, 内田 瑶子, 林 大智, 下村 侑司, 高垣 安紗美, 西田 崇, 丸山 雄介, 池亀 美華, 服部 淳彦, 服部 高子, 久保田 聡

    日本生化学会大会プログラム・講演要旨集   91回   [1T14m - 07(1P   2018年9月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • 半月板に対する低出力パルス超音波(LIPUS)の効果

    釜付祐輔, 釜付祐輔, 青山絵理子, 古松毅之, 前原亜美, 山中信康, 西田崇, 久保田聡, 久保田聡, 尾崎敏文, 滝川正春

    日本軟骨代謝学会プログラム・抄録集   31st   2018年

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  • LIPUSが半月板に与える効果

    釜付祐輔, 釜付祐輔, 青山絵理子, 古松毅之, 前原亜美, 山中信康, 西田崇, 久保田聡, 久保田聡, 尾崎敏文, 滝川正春

    日本結合組織学会学術大会抄録集   50th   2018年

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  • 軟骨組織におけるメラトニン合成とその受容体発現は概日リズムを持ち、軟骨細胞の代謝に影響を及ぼす

    服部 高子, Fu Shanqi, 桑原 実穂, 内田 瑶子, 近藤 星, 林 大智, 下村 侑司, 高垣 安紗美, 西田 崇, 丸山 雄介, 池亀 美華, 服部 淳彦, 久保田 聡

    生命科学系学会合同年次大会   2017年度   [2P - 1190]   2017年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:生命科学系学会合同年次大会運営事務局  

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  • CCN2とRab14の相互作用が骨・軟骨細胞の小胞輸送に及ぼす役割

    星島 光博, 服部 高子, 青山 絵理子, 西田 崇, 田中 智代, 久保田 聡, 上岡 寛, 滝川 正春

    生命科学系学会合同年次大会   2017年度   [2P - 0285]   2017年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:生命科学系学会合同年次大会運営事務局  

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  • CATABOLIC EFFECTS OF FGF-1 ON CHONDROCYTES WITH REDUCED CCN2 PRODUCTION THAT PROMOTES CARTILAGE REGENERATION: POSSIBLE ROLE IN OSTEOARTHRITIS

    A. Elseoudi, T. Abd El Kader, T. Nishida, E. Aoyama, T. Eguchi, M. Takigawa, S. Kubota

    OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL   28   S225 - S225   2017年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER LONDON LTD  

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  • 軟骨細胞分化に関わる長鎖ノンコーディングRNAの骨形成における役割

    石川 崇典, 村瀬 友里香, 西田 崇, 服部 高子, 大野 充昭, 上岡 寛, 滝川 正春, 久保田 聡

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   35回   166 - 166   2017年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • 歯学教育における診療参加型臨床実習のための電子版連携ログブック(電子ログブック)の開発と今後の課題について

    川瀬明子, 宮脇卓也, 小河達之, 窪木拓男, 久保田聡, 浅海淳一

    岡山歯学会雑誌   36 ( 2 )   53 - 59   2017年

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  • The role of osteocytes in bone remodeling.

    Nishida, T, Kubota, S, Takigawa, M

    27   23 - 29   2017年

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  • 軟骨組織におけるメラトニンの作用

    服部 高子, 西田 崇, 久保田 聡, Fu Shanqi, 林 大智, 下村 侑司, 高垣 安紗美

    Journal of Oral Biosciences Supplement   2016   225 - 225   2016年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)歯科基礎医学会  

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  • Report on the 8th international workshop on the CCN family of genes - Nice November 3-8, 2015

    Bernard Perbal, Lester Lau, Karen Lyons, Satoshi Kubota, Herman Yeger, Gary Fisher

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   10 ( 1 )   77 - 86   2016年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-016-0317-y

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  • 骨格形成における低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク1(LRP1)の役割

    KAWATA Kazumi, KUBOTA Satoshi, KUBOTA Satoshi, HATTORI Takako, AOYAMA Eriko, TAKIGAWA Masaharu, TAKIGAWA Masaharu

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   34th   223   2016年

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    記述言語:英語  

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  • Investigation on long non‐coding RNAs that are associated with chondrocytic phenotype

    ISHIKAWA Takanori, MURASE Yurika, MURASE Yurika, NISHIDA Takashi, HATTORI Takako, TAKIGAWA Masaharu, KAMIOKA Hiroshi, KUBOTA Satoshi, KUBOTA Satoshi

    日本RNA学会年会要旨集   18th   ROMBUNNO.254   2016年

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    記述言語:英語  

    J-GLOBAL

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  • 成熟破骨細胞のアクチンリング形成におけるCD302の機能とCCN2による制御

    青山 絵理子, 星島 光博, 服部 高子, 久保田 聡, 滝川 正春

    日本生化学会大会・日本分子生物学会年会合同大会講演要旨集   88回・38回   [3T23 - 09(3P0069)]   2015年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • Cellular and molecular actions of CCN2/CTGF and its role under physiological and pathological conditions (vo 128, pg 181, 2015)

    Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa

    CLINICAL SCIENCE   129 ( 7 )   674 - 674   2015年10月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:PORTLAND PRESS LTD  

    DOI: 10.1042/CS1290673c

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  • Lovastatin rescues human and mice cartilage disorders

    Satoshi Kubota

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   9 ( 1 )   95 - 95   2015年3月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-015-0280-z

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  • CCN2は軟骨細胞のエネルギー代謝に重要である

    前田彩, 前田彩, 久保田聡, 川木晴美, 河田かずみ, 三宅由晃, 服部高子, 西田崇, 森谷徳文, 飯田征二, 滝川正春

    Journal of Oral Biosciences Supplement (Web)   2013   ROMBUNNO.SS9‐5 (WEB ONLY)   2013年

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • Effect of CCN2/CTGF on FGF2-induced proliferation of and MMP-9 and-13 productions by chondrocytes

    T. Nishida, S. Kubota, E. Aoyama, D. Janune, A. Maeda, M. Takigawa

    FEBS JOURNAL   279   169 - 169   2012年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

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  • Promotion of Ccn2 expression and osteoblastic differentiation by actin polymerization, which is induced by laminar fluid flow stress

    Honjo T, Kubota S, Kamioka H, Sugawara Y, Ishihara Y, Yamashiro T, Takigawa M, Takano-Yamamoto T

    J Cell Commun Signal   6 ( 4 )   225 - 232   2012年

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    Fluid flow stress (FSS) is a major mechanical stress that induces bone remodeling upon orthodontic tooth movement, whereas CCN family protein 2 (CCN2) is a potent regenerator of bone defects. In this study, we initially evaluated the effect of laminar FSS on Ccn2 expression and investigated its mechanism in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. The Ccn2 expression was drastically induced by uniform FSS in an intensity dependent manner. Of note, the observed effect was inhibited by a Rho kinase inhibitor Y27632. Moreover, the inhibition of actin polymerization blocked the FSS-induced activation of Ccn2, whereas inducing Factin formation using cytochalasin D and jasplakinolide enhanced Ccn2 expression in the same cells. Finally, Factin formation was found to induce osteoblastic differentiation. In addition, activation of cyclic AMP-dependent kinase, which inhibits Rho signaling, abolished the effect of FSS. Collectively, these findings indicate the critical role of actin polymerization and Rho signaling in CCN2 induction and bone remodeling provoked by FSS. © The Author(s) 2012.

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-012-0177-z

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  • Roles of CCN2 in energy metabolism in chondrocytes.

    A. Maeda, S. Kubota, Y. Miyake, K. Kawata, T. Nishida, T. Hattori, N. Moritani, H. Kawaki, K. M. Lyons, S. Iida, M. Takigawa

    MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF THE CELL   23   2012年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY  

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  • 骨芽細胞分化におけるCCNファミリータンパク質の分布と機能解析

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, 星健治, 高山英次, 神谷真子, 前田健康, 山本照子, 近藤信夫, 滝川正春

    J Oral Biosci   53 ( Supplement )   116   2011年9月

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • CCN2/CTGF promotes osteoclastogenesis via induction of and interaction with dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP)

    T. Nishida, K. Emura, S. Kubota, K. M. Lyons, M. Takigawa

    FEBS JOURNAL   278   147 - 147   2011年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-BLACKWELL  

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  • マイクロRNAによる軟骨細胞形質制御とCCN1(Cyr61)の関与

    住吉 久美, 久保田 聡, 大河原 敏博, 志茂 剛, 河田 かずみ, 西田 崇, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春

    日本生化学会大会・日本分子生物学会年会合同大会講演要旨集   83回・33回   3P - 0760   2010年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • マイクロRNA181-aによる軟骨細胞形質の制御とCCN1の関与

    住吉 久美, 久保田 聡, 大河原 敏博, 志茂 剛, 河田 かずみ, 西田 崇, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   28回   249 - 249   2010年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • 成長板軟骨細胞後期分化に関与するマイクロRNAの探索

    住吉 久美, 久保田 聡, 大河原 敏博, 志茂 剛, 山城 隆, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   27回   174 - 174   2009年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • Micro RNA 18a regulates chondrocytic phenotype: Involvement of Ccn2/Ctgf as a major target gene

    T. Ohgawara, S. Kubota, H. Kawaki, S. Kondo, T. Eguchi, A. Sasaki, M. Takigawa

    BONE   44   S42 - S43   2009年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

    DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2009.01.109

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  • 結合組織増殖因子(CCN2/CTGF)と歯周組織との関係―新たな再生療法への試み―

    武内寛子, 村樫悦子, 久保田聡, 立花利公, 石川博, 滝川正春, 沼部幸博

    日本歯科医師会雑誌   61 ( 5 )   525   2008年8月

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  • ノックアウトマウスを用いた顎顔面形成における軟骨由来成長因子CCN2/CTGFの機能解析

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, 前田健康, LYONS Karen M, 滝川正春

    日本軟骨代謝学会プログラム・抄録集   21st   96   2008年

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  • CCN2欠損マウスを用いた,CCN2およびCCN3によるPTHrP‐Ihhループを介した軟骨細胞分化制御機構の解析

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, 前田健康, 山本照子, 滝川正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   26th   143   2008年

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    記述言語:日本語  

    J-GLOBAL

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  • Novel transcription factor-like function of MMP-3/stromelysin-1 that regulates connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) gene transcription

    T. Eguchi, S. Kubota, K. Kawata, Y. Mukudai, T. Yanagita, T. Ohgawara, J. Uehara, S. Ibaragi, M. Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   22   S261 - S261   2007年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • CCN2ノックアウトマウスを用いたCCN2およびCCN3の軟骨分化における機能解析

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, 前田健康, 滝川正春

    J Oral Biosci   49 ( Supplement )   98   2007年8月

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • CCN2ノックアウトマウスを用いた骨芽細胞分化におけるCCNファミリータンパク質の機能解

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, 前田健康, PARBAL Bernardo, LYONS Karen, 滝川正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   25th   198   2007年6月

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • Report on the fourth international workshop on the CCN family of genes

    S. Kubota, H. Yeger, B. Perbal, M. Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF CELL COMMUNICATION AND SIGNALING   1 ( 1 )   59 - 65   2007年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:会議報告等   出版者・発行元:SPRINGER  

    DOI: 10.1007/s12079-007-0002-2

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  • CCN2ノックアウトマウスを用いたCCN3の軟骨分化における機能解析

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, 西田崇, 前田健康, PERBAL Bernard, LYONS Karen M, 滝川正春

    日本軟骨代謝学会プログラム・抄録集   20th   84   2007年

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    記述言語:日本語  

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  • Plasma connective tissue growth factor is a potential marker of diastolic function and myocardial fibrosis in patients with chronic heart failure

    Norimichi Koitabashi, Masashi Arai, Kazuo Niwano, Atai Watanabe, Hiroshi Tada, Takuji Toyama, Hitoshi Adachi, Shigeto Naito, Shigeru Oshima, Takashi Nishicla, Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa, Masahiko Kurabayashi

    CIRCULATION   114 ( 18 )   372 - 372   2006年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

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  • Purification and functional characterization of a protein that regulate ccn2 gene expression during chicken chondrocyte differentiation.

    Y. Mukudai, S. Kubota, S. Kondo, T. Eguchi, H. Kawaki, M. Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   21   S149 - S149   2006年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • CCN ファミリータンパク質の内軟骨性骨化制御機構と骨・軟骨再生作用 査読

    久保田聡, 椋代義樹, 菊池剛, 大野充昭, 川木晴美, 柳田剛志, 西田崇, 田畑泰彦, 窪木拓男, 滝川正春

    第24 回日本骨代謝学会シンポジウム 硬組織再生研究の最前線(2006.7.7. 東京)   2006年

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  • CCN2ノックアウトマウスを用いた内軟骨性骨化過程におけるCCNファミリーメンバーの役割の解析

    川木晴美, 久保田聡, 鈴木晶子, PERBAL Bernard, 前田健康, LYONS Karen M, 滝川正春

    日本骨代謝学会学術集会プログラム抄録集   24th   168   2006年

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  • Interplay of connective tissue growth factor and brain natriuretic peptide secreted by cardiac myocytes regulates collagen production in cardiac fibroblasts

    N Koitabashi, M Arai, M Morita, S Hara, K Niwano, A Watanabe, M Kurabayashi, S Kubota, T Nishida, M Takigawa

    CIRCULATION   112 ( 17 )   U153 - U153   2005年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS  

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  • Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) reinforces the molecular phenotype of aauricular chondrocytes in vitro.

    T Fujisawa, K Nakao, T Hattori, S Kubota, T Kuboki, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   20 ( 9 )   S197 - S197   2005年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • Post-transcriptional regulation of CCN2/CTGF gene expression during differentiation of chicken chondrocytes: involvement of a putative trans-factor which interacts with a cis-element in the 3 '-UTR of mRNA

    Y Mukudai, S Kubota, T Eguchi, S Kondo, K Nakao, M Takigawa

    FEBS JOURNAL   272   284 - 285   2005年7月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:BLACKWELL PUBLISHING  

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  • Regeneration of defects in the articular cartilage in rat knee joints by connective tissue growth factor hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 CCN family member 2 (CTGF/Hcs24/CCN2).

    T Nishida, S Kubota, T Kuboki, K Nakao, T Kushibiki, Y Tabata, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   19   S216 - S216   2004年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • 軟骨細胞の分化過程におけるCCN2/CTGF遺伝子転写後調節機構の解析

    椋代 義樹, 久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 近藤 誠二, 中尾 匡志, 滝川 正春

    Journal of oral biosciences   46 ( 5 )   396 - 396   2004年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 結合組織成長因子CTGF/CCN2 によるラット関節軟骨の再生 査読

    久保田聡, 西田崇, 小島俊司, 窪木拓男, 櫛引俊宏, 田畑泰彦, 滝川正春

    第3 回日本再生医療学会(2004.3.23-25. 千葉)   2004年

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  • Induction of connective tissue growth factor hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific 24 CCN2 gene by dexamethasone in human chondrocytic cells: Mechanism and biological outcome.

    S Kubota, NH Moritani, H Kawaki, H Mimura, M Minato, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   18   S301 - S301   2003年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • Tyrosine kinase-type receptors erbB4 and m-csfr/c-fms gene expression in chondrocytes.

    K. Nawachi, S. Kubota, M. Inoue, T. Nishida, T. Kuboki, T. Nakanishi, H. Yatani, M. Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH   82   B357 - B357   2003年6月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:INT AMER ASSOC DENTAL RESEARCHI A D R/A A D R  

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  • Regeneration of defects in the articular cartilage in rat knee joints by connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product 24 (CTGF/Hcs24)

    T Nishida, S Kubota, S Kojima, T Kuboki, T Kushibiki, Y Tabata, M Takigawa

    BONE   32 ( 5 )   S101 - S101   2003年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

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  • Coordinated gene induction and repression of two CCN family members, CTGF and Cyr61, in chondrocytic cells

    NH Moritani, S Kubota, K Nakao, T Sugahara, M Takigawa

    BONE   32 ( 5 )   S98 - S98   2003年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

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  • The effect of the 5 ' end of the open reading frame of CEF-10/CYR61 MRNA as a CIS element of gene expression

    Y Mukudai, S Kubota, M Takigawa

    BONE   32 ( 5 )   S131 - S131   2003年5月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC  

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  • ヒト口腔扁平上皮癌細胞株における結合組織成長因子(CTGF)の腫瘍細胞増殖抑制効果

    森谷 徳文, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 西田 崇, 川木 晴美, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    歯科基礎医学会雑誌   44 ( 5 )   395 - 395   2002年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:歯科基礎医学会  

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  • Novel cis-element TRENDIC that enhance connective tissue growth factor (ctgf) gene expression in chondrocytic HCS-2/8.

    T Eguchi, S Kubota, S Kondo, Y Mukudai, T Kuboki, H Yatani, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   17   S224 - S224   2002年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • CTGF/Hcs24, a hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific gene product, stimulates proliferation and differentiation but not hypertrophy of cultured articular chondrocytes.

    T Nishida, S Kubota, T Nakanishi, T Kuboki, G Yosimichi, S Kondo, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   17   S180 - S181   2002年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • CTGF upregulation observed in the rat tooth extraction sockets.

    M Kanyama, T Kuboki, K Akiyama, F Miyauchi, K Nawachi, H Yatani, S Kubota, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH   81   A107 - A107   2002年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:INT AMER ASSOC DENTAL RESEARCHI A D R/A A D R  

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  • 骨軟骨組織修復における結合組織成長因子CTGF/Ecogeninの役割.

    西田 崇, 小島俊司, 久保田聡, 窪木拓男, 田畑泰彦, 櫛引俊宏, 中西 徹, 滝川正春

    第4回大阪組織工学研究セミナー.   2002年

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  • The role of redox signaling in the processing of Gag polyprotein in immature retrovirus.

    S Kubota, S Oroszlan

    FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE   33   S70 - S70   2002年

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD  

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  • 低酸素によるヒト乳癌細胞における結合組織成長因子CTGF及びマトリクスメタロプロテアーゼの発現誘導

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 志茂 剛, 西田 崇, 吉道 玄, 江口 傑徳, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    日本癌学会総会記事   60回   183 - 183   2001年9月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本癌学会  

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  • Promoter activity determinant of human connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/Hcs24) gene in a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8.

    T Eguchi, S Kubota, S Kondo, T Shimo, T Nakanishi, T Kuboki, H Yatani, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   16   S326 - S326   2001年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • 軟骨由来成長因子CTGF/Hcs24遺伝子の転写後制御エレメントCAESARの構造と機能

    久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 江口 傑徳, 服部 高子, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    歯科基礎医学会雑誌   43 ( 5 )   554 - 554   2001年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:歯科基礎医学会  

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  • 低酸素による結合組織成長因子(CTGF)及びマトリクスメタロプロテアーゼ(MMP)活性の協調的発現誘導

    近藤 誠二, 久保田 聡, 志茂 剛, 西田 崇, 吉道 玄, 江口 傑徳, 菅原 利夫, 滝川 正春

    歯科基礎医学会雑誌   43 ( 5 )   632 - 632   2001年8月

  • ヒト軟骨様細胞株HCS-2/8におけるCTGF/Hcs24遺伝子のプロモーター活性決定因子

    江口 傑徳, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 志茂 剛, 中西 徹, 窪木 拓男, 矢谷 博文, 滝川 正春

    歯科基礎医学会雑誌   43 ( 5 )   557 - 557   2001年8月

  • 軟骨様細胞株HCS-2/8における多機能成長因子CTGF/Hcs24の転写から分泌まで

    江口 傑徳, 久保田 聡, 志茂 剛, 近藤 誠二, 中西 徹, 矢谷 博文, 滝川 正春

    生化学   73 ( 8 )   778 - 778   2001年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • 軟骨由来成長因子CTGF/Hcs24のヒト軟骨細胞株HCS-2/8におけるプロセシングと分泌の様態

    久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 志茂 剛, 西田 崇, 服部 高子, 近藤 誠二, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会雑誌   19 ( 2 )   104 - 104   2001年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • ヒト軟骨肉腫由来軟骨様細胞株HCS-2/8における結合組織成長因子CTGF/Hcs24遺伝子のプロモーター活性決定因子

    江口 傑徳, 久保田 聡, 近藤 誠二, 志茂 剛, 中西 徹, 窪木 拓男, 矢谷 博文, 滝川 正春

    日本骨代謝学会雑誌   19 ( 2 )   102 - 102   2001年7月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(一社)日本骨代謝学会  

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  • 結合組織成長因子CTGF/Hcs24の軟骨細胞様細胞株HCS-2/8での発現と動態制御

    久保田 聡, 江口 傑徳, 志茂 剛, 服部 高子, 近藤 誠二, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    Connective Tissue   33 ( 2 )   157 - 157   2001年6月

  • 結合組織成長因子(CTGF/Hcs24)を応用した関節軟骨再生療法の可能性の検討-in vitroおよびin vivoにおける検討-

    西田 崇, 小島俊司, 窪木拓男, 中西 徹, 久保田聡, 滝川正春

    第3回生体組織工学シンポジウム   2001年

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  • A novel RNA element that confers post-transcriptional repression of human connective tissue growth factor/hypertrophic chondrocyte specific 24 (ctgf/hcs24) gene.

    S Kubota, S Kondo, T Eguchi, T Hattori, T Nakanishi, RJ Pomerantz, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   15   S340 - S340   2000年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • Molecular cloning and characterization of RA-A47, a rheumatoid arthritis-related antigen from a human chondrocytic cell line, HCS-2/8.

    T Hattori, S Kubota, Y Yutani, T Fujisawa, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   15   S470 - S470   2000年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • 結合組織成長因子/肥大軟骨細胞特異的遺伝子産物(CTGF/Hcs24)発現による細胞周期変調効果

    久保田 聡, 服部 高子, 志茂 剛, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    Connective Tissue   32 ( 2 )   217 - 217   2000年5月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:日本結合組織学会  

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  • 岡山大学歯学部における問題発見解決型教育法(チュ-トリアル教育)導入の試み

    窪木拓男, 石川邦夫, 新井英雄, 吉田登志子, 平田あずみ, 市川博之, 舩橋誠, 久保田聡, 井上正久, 谷本一郎, 十川紀夫

    岡山歯学会雑誌   2000年

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  • A cis-acting repressive element in the 3 '-untranslated region of the CTGF gene.

    S Kubota, T Hattori, T Eguchi, S Kondo, T Nakanishi, M Takigawa

    JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH   14   S436 - S436   1999年9月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC BONE & MINERAL RES  

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  • 軟骨由来の成長因子CTGF/Hcs24の細胞内での動態と機能

    久保田 聡, 服部 高子, 志茂 剛, 中西 徹, 滝川 正春

    生化学   71 ( 8 )   892 - 892   1999年8月

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    記述言語:日本語   出版者・発行元:(公社)日本生化学会  

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  • Nuclear preservation and cytoplasmic degradation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Rev protein (vol 70, pg 1282, 1996)

    S Kubota, LX Duan, RA Furuta, M Hatanaka, RJ Pomerantz

    JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY   72 ( 4 )   3505 - +   1998年4月

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    記述言語:英語   出版者・発行元:AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY  

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  • THE POTENTIAL USE OF AN HIV-1 REV MUTANT WITHOUT NUCLEOLAR DYSFUNCTION FOR AIDS THERAPY

    RA FURUTA, S KUBOTA, T HATTORI, E TAKANO, M HATANAKA

    JOURNAL OF CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY   392 - 392   1995年3月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究発表ペーパー・要旨(国際会議)   出版者・発行元:WILEY-LISS  

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▼全件表示

講演・口頭発表等

  • non-coding RNAを介したメトホルミンの抗線維化作用の解析

    近藤 星, 服部高子, 桑原実穂, Fu Shanqi, 西田 崇, 吉岡洋祐, 森谷徳文, 飯田征二, 滝川正春, 久保田聡

    第43回日本分子生物学会年会  2020年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:ポスター発表  

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  • 象牙芽前駆細胞における一次繊毛と古典的WNTシグナルの相互作用

    河田かずみ, 成田啓之, 鷲尾絢子, 北村知昭, 西原達次, 久保田聡, 竹田 扇

    第43回日本分子生物学会年会  2020年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年12月

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  • 軟骨組織におけるCCN3の老化促進作用

    桑原実穂, 近藤 星, Fu Shanqi, 大野充昭, 古松毅之, 中田英二, 皆木省吾, 滝川正春, 久保田聡, 服部高子

    第43回日本分子生物学会年会  2020年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年12月

    記述言語:日本語  

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  • Effect of melatonin on rhythmic gene expression in human articular cartilage

    Fu, S, Kuwahara, M, Uchida, Y, Kondo, S, Hayashi, D, Shimomura, Y, Takagaki, A, Nishida, T, Maruyama, Y, Ikegame, M, Hattori, A, Kubota, S, Hattori, T

    第38回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2020年10月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年10月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • フッ素イオンによるCCNファミリー遺伝子の制御を介した歯肉線維化抑制効果の検証

    水川朋美, 西田 崇, 上岡 寛, 久保田聡

    第79回日本矯正歯科学会  2020年10月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年10月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:ポスター発表  

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるエネルギー代謝不全時でのCCN3増産システムの解明

    水川朋美, 西田 崇, 明石 翔, 上岡 寛, 滝川正春, 久保田聡

    第38回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2020年10月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年10月

    会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • Regulation of CCN3 gene expression by glycolytic activity in chondrocytes

    The 9th International Orthodontic Congress  2020年10月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年10月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • LIPUSによる脂肪細胞分化の抑制と骨芽細胞分化への影響

    西田 崇, 滝川正春, 久保田聡

    第38回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2020年10月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年10月

    会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • 象牙芽前駆細胞において一次繊毛は古典的WNTシグナルと相互作用しながら細胞分化を制御する

    河田 かずみ, 成田啓之, 鷲尾絢子, 北村知昭, 西原達次, 久保田聡, 竹田 扇

    第93回日本生化学会大会  2020年9月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • CCN2の核移行による線維化の制御

    西田 崇, 滝川正春, 久保田聡

    第62回歯科基礎医学会  2020年9月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • S-アデノシルメチオニンはポリアミン合成経路を介して軟骨細胞の増殖および基質合成を促進する

    青山絵理子, 久保田聡, 滝川正春

    第62回歯科基礎医学会  2020年9月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年9月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • Effects of maternal gut microbiome on fetal endochondral bone formation 招待

    Uchida-Fukuhara,Y, Hattori, T, Ikegame, M, Kubota,S, Okamura, H

    第62回歯科基礎医学会アップデートシンポジウム  2020年9月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年9月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:シンポジウム・ワークショップ パネル(指名)  

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  • Effect of melatonin on rhythmic gene expression in human articular chondrocytes

    Fu, S, Kuwahara, M, Uchida, Y, Hyashi, D, Shimomura, Y, Takagaki, A, Nishida, T, Nakata, E, Furumatsu, T, Kondo, S, Maruyama, Y, Hattori, A, Kubota, S, Hattori, T

    第93回日本生化学会大会  2020年9月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年9月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • S-アデノシルメチオニンによるポリアミン合成促進を介した軟骨細胞の分化促進作用

    棚井あいり, 青山絵理子, 久保田聡, 滝川正春

    第52回日本結合組織学会  2020年6月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年6月

    記述言語:日本語  

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  • 軟骨細胞での解糖活性によるCCN3遺伝子の発現調節

    水川朋美, 西田 崇, 明石 翔, 掘 綾花, 高柴正悟, 上岡 寛, 滝川正春, 久保田聡

    第61回日本生化学会 中国・四国支部例会  2020年5月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年5月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • 腸内細菌が胎生期軟骨性骨形成に与える影響 招待

    内田瑶子, 服部高子, Fu Shanqi, 近藤 星, 桑原実穂, 福原大樹, モハマドモニルルイスラム, 片岡広太, 江國大輔, 久保田聡, 森田 学

    口腔器官の再構築から器官の発生・再生の統一原理の解明  2020年1月 

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    開催年月日: 2020年1月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:シンポジウム・ワークショップ パネル(指名)  

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  • CCN2、CCN3による軟骨細胞増殖と分化の制御を抑制する癌抑制遺伝子PDGFRL

    河田かずみ, 久保田聡, 滝川正春

    第40回岡山歯学会  2019年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2019年12月

    会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • CCNは軟骨細胞の加齢に伴い発現上昇し、過剰発現は軟骨加齢を促進する

    桑原実穂, 武内聡子, 近藤 星, Fu Shanqi, 大野充昭, 古松毅之, 中田英二, 滝川正春, 久保田聡, 服部高子

    第40回岡山歯学会  2019年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2019年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • フッ素イオンによるCCNファミリー遺伝子の制御を介した歯肉線維化抑制効果の検証

    水川朋美, 西田 崇, 明石 翔, 堀 彩花, 高柴正悟, 上岡 寛, 滝川正春, 久保田聡

    第40回岡山歯学会  2019年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2019年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:口頭発表(一般)  

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  • 軟骨細胞の分化過程におけるCCN2の発現変動の意義

    村瀬友里香, 青山絵理子, 鈴木康弘, 佐々木朗, 久保田聡, 佐藤靖史, 滝川正春

    第42回日本分子生物学学会  2019年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2019年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:ポスター発表  

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  • 軟骨細胞は加齢にともなってCCN3を高発現し、その過剰発現は軟骨加齢を促進する

    桑原実穂, 武内聡子, 近藤 星, Fu, S, 大野充昭, 古松毅之, 中田英二, 滝川正春, 久保田聡, 服部高子

    第42回日本分子生物学学会  2019年12月 

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    開催年月日: 2019年12月

    記述言語:日本語   会議種別:ポスター発表  

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  • Role of CCN2 produced by osteocytes in bone remodeling 招待

    Nishida, T, Kubota, S, Yokoi, H, Mukoyama, M, Takigawa, M

    The 10th International Workshop of CCN Family of Genes  2019年10月 

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    開催年月日: 2019年10月

    記述言語:英語   会議種別:シンポジウム・ワークショップ パネル(指名)  

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  • 軟骨細胞分化に関わる長鎖ノンコーディングRNAの解析

    第30回日本軟骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 軟骨組織におけるメラトニン合成とその受容体発現は概日リズムを持ち、軟骨細胞の代謝に影響を及ぼす

    2017年度生命科学系学会合同年次大会 第40回日本分子生物学会 第90回日本生化学会大会  2017年 

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  • 細胞外情報を統合するCCNファミリー遺伝子の糖代謝を介した制御

    2017年度生命科学系学会合同年次大会 第40回日本分子生物学会 第90回日本生化学会大会  2017年 

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  • 低出力パルス超音波(LIPUS)によりCCN2の発現・産生は増加する

    2017年度生命科学系学会合同年次大会 第40回日本分子生物学会 第90回日本生化学会大会  2017年 

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  • Catabolic effects of FGF-1 on chondrocytes with reduced CCN2 production and its possible role in osteoarthritis

    Ninth International Workishop on the CCN Family of Genes  2017年 

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  • CCN proteins as targets for skeletal regulation theraphy

    Ninth International Workishop on the CCN Family of Genes  2017年 

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  • Small compounds that turn on CCN family genes

    Ninth International Workishop on the CCN Family of Genes  2017年 

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  • DEX刺激によるIFT88を介した細胞増殖抑制とCcn4, 5発現抑制

    第38回岡山歯学会  2017年 

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるCCN3遺伝子の糖代謝を介した制御

    第38回岡山歯学会  2017年 

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  • LIPUSにより半月板でのCCN2の発現・産生は増加する

    第36回日本運動器移植・再生医学研究会  2017年 

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  • CCN2とRab14の相互作用が骨・軟骨細胞の小胞輸送に及ぼす役割

    2017年度生命科学系学会合同年次大会 第40回日本分子生物学会 第90回日本生化学会大会  2017年 

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  • 低出力超音波パルス(LIPUS)刺激による破骨細胞形成の抑制

    2017年度生命科学系学会合同年次大会 第40回日本分子生物学会 第90回日本生化学会大会  2017年 

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  • CCN2によるVASH1を介した内軟骨性骨化調節機構の解明

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • CCN2結合因子GDF5の軟骨細胞における作用の解明

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • MMP3はヘテロクロマチンタンパク質HP1と相互作用してHSP遺伝子群を制御する

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • Catabolic effects of FGF-1 on chondrocytes with reduced CCN2 production and its possible role in osteoarthritis

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるセロトニンによるCCN2の産生制御機構の解明

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • 細胞外情報を統合するCCNファミリー遺伝子の糖代謝を介した制御

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • 培養軟骨細胞のCCN2産生における低出力性パルス超音波(LIPUS)処置の作用メカニズムの解明

    第9回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2017年 

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  • GDF5との結合を介したCCN2の軟骨分化促進作用

    第59回歯科基礎医学会  2017年 

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  • 細胞内におけるマトリックスメタロプロテアーゼ (MMP)の役割

    第59回歯科基礎医学会  2017年 

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  • 老齢期の破骨細胞形成における骨細胞由来のCCN2の役割

    第59回歯科基礎医学会  2017年 

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  • 軟骨細胞分化に関わる長鎖非コードRNAの骨形成における役割

    第35回日本骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 老齢マウスにおいて骨細胞由来CCN2は骨髄細胞由来CCN2よりも破骨細胞形成と骨リモデリングに重要である

    第35回日本骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 半月板におけるCCN2, CCN3に与える低出力パルス超音波(LIPUS)の効果

    第49回日本結合組織学会学術大会  2017年 

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  • 細胞外情報を統合するCCNファミリー遺伝子の糖代謝を介した制御

    第58回日本生化学会中国・四国支部例会  2017年 

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  • 膝半月板におけるCCN2, CCN3に与える低出力パルス超音波(LIPUS)の効果

    第30回日本軟骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • Mechanism of the catabolic effects of Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF-1) on chondrocytes and its possible role in Osteoarthritis

    第30回日本軟骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • Catabolic effects of FGF-1 on chondrocytes with reduced CCN2 production that promotes cartilage regeneration: Possible role in osteoarthritis

    第35回日本骨代謝学会  2017年 

     詳細を見る

  • Vasohibin-1 (VASH1)による内軟骨性骨化とCCN2の関与

    第35回日本骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 低出力パルス超音波(LIPUS)が半月板中のCCN2, CCN3に与える効果

    第35回日本骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 関節•成長板軟骨細胞におけるセロトニン (5-HT)によるCCN2産生の差別的制御メカニズム

    第35回日本骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 骨格形成における低密度リポたんぱく質受容体関連たんぱく質1(LRP1)の役割

    第30回日本軟骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 軟骨細胞のCCN2産生に対するセロトニン(5-HT)の制御機構の解明

    第30回日本軟骨代謝学会  2017年 

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  • 内軟骨性骨化におけるvasohibin-1 (VASH1)の発現とその意義

    2017年度生命科学系学会合同年次大会 第40回日本分子生物学会 第90回日本生化学会大会  2017年 

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  • 軟骨組織におけるメラトニンの作用

    第58回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2016年 

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  • CCN2結合因子CD302による破骨細胞成熟促進作用とその機序の解析

    第89回日本生化学会  2016年 

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  • Effects of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) on chondrocytes and its possible role in osteoarthritis

    第89回日本生化学会  2016年 

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  • CCN2結合因子CD302の破骨細胞機能制御作用

    第8回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2016年 

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  • 骨のリモデリング期のCCN2欠損は骨細胞由来の破骨細胞形成を抑制する

    第8回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2016年 

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるセロトニン(5−HT)のCCN2産生促進機構の解明

    第8回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2016年 

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  • 破骨細胞成熟過程におけるCD302の機能とCCN2との関わり

    第39回日本分子生物学会  2016年 

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるCCN2産生に対するセロトニン(5-HT)の作用

    第37回岡山歯学会学術集会  2016年 

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  • 格形成における低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク1(LRP1)の役割

    第34回日本骨代謝学会学術集会 第3回アジア太平洋骨代謝学会議  2016年 

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  • 軟骨細胞形質に関わる長鎖非コードRNAの探索

    第34回日本骨代謝学会学術集会 第3回アジア太平洋骨代謝学会議  2016年 

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  • セロトニン(5-HT)による軟骨細胞におけるCCN2産生の作用機構の解明

    第34回日本骨代謝学会学術集会 第3回アジア太平洋骨代謝学会議  2016年 

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  • 骨細胞様細胞におけるCCN2の欠損は破骨細胞形成を抑制する

    第34回日本骨代謝学会学術集会 第3回アジア太平洋骨代謝学会議  2016年 

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  • Mechanism of the catabolic effects of Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF-1) on chondrocytes and its role in CCN2 regulation

    第8回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2016年 

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  • 膝半月板細胞におけるCCN2、CCN3発現量に与える低出力超音波(LIPUS)の効果

    第8回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2016年 

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  • CCN2による軟骨細胞増殖・分化促進に対する癌抑制遺伝子PDGFR-like (PDGFRL)の効果

    第8回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2016年 

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  • 破骨細胞におけるCCN2結合性アクチン骨格制御因子CD302の作用機序の解明

    第58回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2016年 

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  • タモキシフェン誘導性CCN2欠損マウス由来の骨細胞様細胞の破骨細胞形成能

    第58回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2016年 

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  • 軟骨細胞分化における癌抑制遺伝子PDGFR-like (PDGFRL)の役割

    第29回日本軟骨代謝学会  2016年 

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  • 軟骨細胞形成を支える長鎖非コードRNA

    第29回日本軟骨代謝学会  2016年 

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  • CCN2結合因子DCL-1/CD302による破骨細胞の成熟促進作用の機構解明

    第34回日本骨代謝学会学術集会 第3回アジア太平洋骨代謝学会議  2016年 

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  • Investigation on long non-coding RNAs that are associated with chondrocytic phenotype

    RNA2016  2016年 

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  • Role of CCN2/CTGF-related CD302 in osteoclast maturation

    94th IADR General Session  2016年 

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  • CCN2: 硬組織における調和の伝道師

    第7回骨バイオサイエンス研究会  2016年 

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  • 血小板に含まれるCCNファミリータンパク質の解析と軟骨再生への応用

    第29回日本軟骨代謝学会  2016年 

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  • CCN2産生を誘導するセロトニンの軟骨細胞内でのシグナル伝達機構の解析

    第29回日本軟骨代謝学会  2016年 

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  • 軟骨特異的CCN3過剰発現は内軟骨性骨化の遅延と関節変性を誘発する

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 骨細胞の作用を介した破骨細胞形成におけるCCN2の役割

    第38回分子生物学会年会・第88回生化学会大会合同大会BMB2016  2015年 

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  • 成熟破骨細胞のアクチンリング形成におけるCD302の機能とCCN2による制御

    第38回分子生物学会年会・第88回生化学会大会合同大会BMB2015  2015年 

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  • CCN2によるTRAIL誘導性アポトーシス促進作用

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • CCN2は骨細胞に作用し、破骨細胞を正に制御する

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • Regenerative effects of CCN2 independent modules and CCN3 on articular chondrocytes/cartilage

    Eight International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2015年 

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  • Role of interaction between CCN2 and Rab14 in vesicle trafficking in chondrocytes novel intracellular function of CCN2

    Eight International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2015年 

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  • Metabolic impacts of CCN2 in chondrocytes

    Eight International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2015年 

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  • Induction of CCN2 by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in cultured chondrocytes and its biological significance

    Eight International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2015年 

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  • 遺伝子を眺めること・新たな医療を歯科から発進させる夢

    第36回岡山歯学会学術集会  2015年 

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  • CCN2とRab14の相互作用が軟骨細胞の小胞輸送に及ぼす役割 〜軟骨分化促進因子CCN2の新たな細胞内機能〜

    第57回歯科基礎医学会  2015年 

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  • CCN2は骨細胞を介して破骨細胞形成を制御する

    第57回歯科基礎医学会  2015年 

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  • 破骨細胞分化における新規アクチン骨格制御因子としてのDCL-1/CD302の役割とCCN2との関連

    第57回歯科基礎医学会  2015年 

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  • 破骨細胞形成を制御する骨細胞に与えるCCN2の作用

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • CCN2による軟骨細胞アミノ酸代謝制御機構の解明

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • Interaction of CCN2 with varied growth factors and cytokines involved in chondrocyte differentiation during endochondral ossification

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • CCN2の新たな細胞内機能:CCN2 とRab14の相互作用が軟骨細胞の小胞輸送に及ぼす役割

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • Introducing CCN2 independent modules as a regenerative therapy for osteoarthritis and futher selecting the most suitable among them

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • CCN2による軟骨細胞のアミノ酸代謝制御

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 巨核球および血小板に存在するCCNファミリータンパク質の存在様態とその由来

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 新たな破骨細胞制御因子DCL-1/CD302の作用機構の解明とCCN2との関連

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 関節軟骨におけるCCN3の新機能

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 関節軟骨におけるCCN3の新機能

    第7回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2015年 

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  • The combination of fluocinolone acetonide and TGF-beta 3 promotes strong chondrogenesis of hBMSCs for articular surface regeneration

    第6回骨バイオサイエンス研究会  2015年 

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  • 軟骨細胞アミノ酸代謝とCCN2

    第6回骨バイオサイエンス研究会  2015年 

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  • 破骨細胞の成熟を制御する新規膜タンパク質CD302/DCL-1の機能とCCN2との結合

    第6回骨バイオサイエンス研究会  2015年 

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  • 成熟破骨細胞の形成におけるCD302/DCL-1の新機能とCCN2との関連

    第1回日本骨免疫学会  2015年 

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  • E6-AP/UBE3A protein, a ubiquitin ligase toward SOX9 protein is essential to endochondral ossification.

    Gordon Research Conferences Cartilage Biology & Pathology  2015年 

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  • 骨軟骨再生因子CCN2の軟骨細胞アミノ酸代謝への影響

    第28回日本軟骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 軟骨細胞分化に与えるセロトニンの作用

    第28回日本軟骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • 調和の伝道師:CCN2 その硬組織における使命

    昭和学士会  2015年 

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  • Among glucocorticoids fluocinolone acetonide is unique in potentiating TGF-beta 3-nediated chondrogensis of BMSCs and promoting articular cartilage repair

    第33回日本骨代謝学会  2015年 

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  • トランスオーミックアプローチによるCCN2の代謝支持機能の解明

    第6回CCNファミリー研究会  2014年 

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  • CCN2は軟骨細胞のエネルギー代謝に重要である.

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 炎症・組織再生を制御するCCN1の3ʼ非翻訳領域を介した遺伝子発現調節

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 成長板軟骨細胞の肥大化に関与する新規RNA 分子の探索

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 粉末食を与えて飼育したマウスの下顎骨形態変化

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 流体剪断応力により重合したアクチンによりCCN2の発現と骨芽細胞の分化は誘導される。

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • CCN3の抗線維化効果に伴うCCNファミリー遺伝子発現プロファイルの変化

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • Nicotine誘導性CCN2/CTGFがヒト歯周組織由来培養細胞の線維化に与える影響

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるCCN2 発現及び産生量に与える低出力性超音波(LIPUS)の効果

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 軟骨細胞の代謝の基本を支えるCCN2の重要性

    第86回日本生化学会大会  2013年 

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  • Molecular mechanism of CCN2-induced osteoclastogenesis

    The 38th FEBS Congress  2013年 

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  • CCN2 enhances osteoclastogenesis via its direct bindings to RANK and OPG.

    2nd joint meeting of IBMS-JSBMR  2013年 

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  • CCN2 is up-regulated in cultured chondrocytes treated with low-intensity plused ultrasound (LIPUS)

    2nd joint meeting of IBMS-JSBMR  2013年 

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  • Crucial role of CCN2 in energy metabolism in chondrocytes

    2nd joint meeting of IBMS-JSBMR  2013年 

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  • Identification and characterization of chondrocytic fibroblast growth factor 1 as a molecular counterpart of CCN family member 2

    2nd joint meeting of IBMS-JSBMR  2013年 

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  • 解糖経路の阻害は重篤な軟骨変性を引き起す.

    第26回日本軟骨代謝学会  2013年 

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  • Functional characterization of CCN3 that may direct the differentiation of chondrocytes

    第26回日本軟骨代謝学会  2013年 

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  • マウス筋芽細胞においてCCN2はBMP2による骨芽細胞様変化を抑制する。

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • Understanding the anti-fibrotic role of CCN3 through manipulation of CCN family gene expression profile

    第86回日本生化学会大会  2013年 

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  • 軟骨細胞のエネルギー代謝を支えるCCN2/CTGF

    第26回日本軟骨代謝学会  2013年 

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  • Cartilage regenerative effects of CCN2 independent modules

    第26回日本軟骨代謝学会  2013年 

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  • グルココルチコイド薬フルオシノロンアセトニドはAKT/mTORシグナル経路を介し骨髄由来間葉系間質細胞の軟骨分化を増強する

    第26回日本軟骨代謝学会  2013年 

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  • ERK1/2経路を介したCCN3の初期軟骨分化における作用の検討

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • Molecular mechanism of CCN2-induced osteoclastogenesis

    The third international symposium of medical-dental-pharmaceutical education and research in Okayama  2013年 

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  • メタボロミクスとインタラクトミクスが描き出すCCN2の新たな機能

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • 炎症・組織再生を制御する CCN1 の 3’ 非翻訳領域を介した遺伝子発現調節

    第 34 回岡山歯学会学術集会  2013年 

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  • CCN3の抗線維化効果に伴うCCNファミリー遺伝子発現プロファイルの変化

    第 34 回岡山歯学会学術集会  2013年 

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  • The novel role of CCN2 as a regeratory factor in RANK/RANKL/OPG system.

    Seventh International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2013年 

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  • Roles of CCN2 and CCN3 in skeletogenesis.

    Seventh International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2013年 

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  • CCN4/Wisp-1 enhances cell migration during skin wound healing.

    Seventh International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2013年 

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  • New functional aspects of known molecules as CCN2 partners.

    Seventh International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2013年 

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  • Anti-fibrotic role of CCN3 through regulation of CCN family genes

    The third international symposium of medical-dental-pharmaceutical education and research in Okayama  2013年 

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  • 軟骨細胞と変形性関節症モデルを用いたCCN2各モジュールの組織再生効果の評価。

    第55回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2013年 

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  • The glucocorticosteroid fluocinolone acetonide presents chondrogenic effect and synergisticallly enhances TGFb3-induced chondrogenesis of ATDC5 cells.

    第25回日本軟骨代謝学会  2012年 

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  • Roles of CCN2 in energy metabolism in chondrocytes.

    2012 The American Society for Cell Biology Annual Meeting  2012年 

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  • CCN2とOPGの分子間相互作用による新たな破骨細胞分化制御機構

    第85回日本生化学会大会  2012年 

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  • CCN2とOPGの分子間相互作用による新たな破骨細胞分化制御機構

    第85回日本生化学会大会  2012年 

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  • 軟骨組織特異的低密度リポタンパク受容体欠損マウスにおける骨格形成

    第85回日本生化学会大会  2012年 

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  • Potent chondrogenic stimulation of bone-marrow stem cells by fluocinolone acetonide

    The 60th annual meeting of Japanese Association for Dental Research (JADR)  2012年 

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  • 軟骨細胞のエネルギー代謝におけるCCN2/CTGFの役割

    第35回日本分子生物学会年会  2012年 

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  • 軟骨細胞の代謝システムにおけるCCN2の役割

    第33回岡山歯学会学術集会  2012年 

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  • Effect of CCN2 on FGF2-induced proliferation of and MMP-9 and -13 productions by chondrocytes.

    22nd IUBMB-37th FEBS Congress  2012年 

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  • 乳酸共存下での細胞内ATP量の減少は軟骨細胞の肥大化を引き起こす。

    第30回日本骨代謝学会  2012年 

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  • 軟骨細胞の基本代謝におけるCCN2の役割

    第30回日本骨代謝学会  2012年 

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  • Effect of CCN2 independent modules on chondrogenic and osteoblastic cells.

    第30回日本骨代謝学会  2012年 

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  • CCN2 modules; Independent and combinational effect on chondrocytic cells.

    第3回骨バイオサイエンス研究会  2012年 

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  • The CCN2-inducer Harmine promotes chondrogenesis and protection against TNFα-induced inflammation.

    90 th IADR General Session  2012年 

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  • Binding of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase to the cis-acting element of structure-anchored repression in ccn2 mRNA.

    第71回日本癌学会学術総会、2012, 9, 19-21,  2012年 

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  • CCN2-OPG間相互作用による破骨細胞形成新規制御機構の解明

    第54回歯科基礎医学会  2012年 

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  • CCN2/CTGF欠損が軟骨細胞のエネルギー代謝に及ぼす影響

    第54回歯科基礎医学会  2012年 

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  • 乳酸共存下での細胞内ATP量の減少は軟骨細胞の肥大化を引き起こす

    第54回歯科基礎医学会  2012年 

     詳細を見る

  • Effect of CCN2 independent modules on chondrocytic cells.

    90 th IADR General Session  2012年 

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  • ヒト前十字靱帯細胞におけるCCN2/CTGFの機能と周期的伸張刺激負荷の効果

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) in CCN2 protein transportation in chondrocytes.

    Cell Signaling Networks 2011: the 13th IUBMB Conference, the 1st PABMB Conference and the 3rd Meetings of the Signal Transduction Branch & Oxidative Stress Branches of SMB  2011年 

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  • CCN2 Promotes Osteoclastogenesis via Induction of and Interaction with DC-STAMP and by Enhancing RANKL Signaling via Interaction with RANK and osteoprotegerin.

    Cell Signaling Networks 2011: the 13th IUBMB Conference, the 1st PABMB Conference and the 3rd Meetings of the Signal Transduction Branch & Oxidative Stress Branches of SMB  2011年 

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  • 骨芽細胞分化におけるCCNファミリータンパク質の分布と機能解析

    第53回歯科基礎医学会  2011年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFはBMP2による骨格筋内異所性骨化に協調的に作用する。

    第53回歯科基礎医学会  2011年 

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  • Characterization of the effect of CCN2 modules independently and in different combinations on chondrocytic cells

    Targets 2011: Novel targets for cancer and connective tissues diseases  2011年 

     詳細を見る

  • The low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) deficiency in the cartilage tissue leads to skeletal dysmorphisms.

    第34回日本分子生物学会年会  2011年 

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  • The low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) deficiency in the cartilage tissue leads to skeletal dysmorphisms.

    第34回日本分子生物学会年会  2011年 

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  • Receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) 結合タンパク質であるCCN2/CTGFのRANKL誘導性破骨細胞形成における機能

    第32回岡山歯学会学術集会  2011年 

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  • Receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) 結合タンパク質であるCCN2/CTGFのRANKL誘導性破骨細胞形成における機能。

    第84回日本生化学会大会  2011年 

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  • Receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) 結合タンパク質であるCCN2/CTGFのRANKL誘導性破骨細胞形成における機能。

    第84回日本生化学会大会  2011年 

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  • 3'-UTRを介したCCN1 (Cyr61) 遺伝子発現調節機構の解明

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) in CCN2 protein transportation in chondrocytes.

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Role of CCN2 in the remodeling of periodontal tissue upon nicotine exposure

    Targets 2011: Novel targets for cancer and connective tissues diseases  2011年 

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  • Effect of CCN2 on FGF2-induced proliferation and MMP9 and MMP13 productions by chondrocytes

    Targets 2011: Novel targets for cancer and connective tissues diseases  2011年 

     詳細を見る

  • Novel effects of CCN3 that may direct the differentiation of chondrocytes

    Targets 2011: Novel targets for cancer and connective tissues diseases  2011年 

     詳細を見る

  • Assessment of combinational effect of independent CCN2 modules on chondrocytic cells

    第84回日本生化学会大会  2011年 

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  • Assessment of combinational effect of independent CCN2 modules on chondrocytic cells

    第84回日本生化学会大会  2011年 

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  • Expression of platelet-derived growth factor receptor-like (PDGFRL) gene in chondrocytes

    第84回日本生化学会大会  2011年 

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  • 皮膚創傷治癒過程におけるCCN4/WISP-1遺伝子の役割

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • 木質様歯肉炎患者におけるフィブリンの役割とCCN2の関与

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Glyceroaldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogeneseはCCN2 mRNA結合タンパクである。

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Novel effects of CCN3 that may direct the differentiation of chondrocytes

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Harmine, an inducedr of CCN2/CTGF, promotes chondrogenesis and protection against TNF-alpha-induced inflammatory condition.

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • Evaluation of independent and combinational effect of each of CCN2 modulates on chondrocytic cells

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFはBMP2による骨格筋内異所性骨化に協調的に作用する。

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • CCNファミリータンパク質によるMAPK経路を介した骨芽細胞増殖,分化調節

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • 喫煙と歯肉線維化との関係- Nicotine誘導性CCN2/CTGFがヒト歯周組織由来培養細胞の線維化に与える影響-

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • 軟骨分化促進,抗炎症作用を持つ天然物由来低分子化合物Harmine

    第24回日本軟骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • 前十字靱帯細胞におけるCCN2/CTGFの機能と周期的伸張刺激負荷の効果

    第43回日本結合組織学会学術大会・第58回マトリックス研究会大会合同学術集会  2011年 

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパ1(LRP1)による軟骨細胞でのCCNファミリー2/結合組織成長因子(CCN2/CTGF)タンパク質輸送

    第43回日本結合組織学会学術大会・第58回マトリックス研究会大会合同学術集会  2011年 

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  • CCN2のRANK(receptor activator of nuclear kappa B)の結合とRANK-RANKLシグナル制御作用

    第4回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2011年 

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  • 骨格筋内異所性骨化におけるCCN2/CTGFの作用

    第29回日本骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • Harmine, an inducer of CCN2/CTGF, promotes chondrogenesis and suppresses TNF-alpha-induced inflammatory response.

    第29回日本骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • Evaluation of independent and combinational effect of CCN2 modulates on chondrocytic cells

    第29回日本骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • 軟骨細胞分化を運命づける分子としてのCCN3の役割

    第29回日本骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • 前十字靱帯細胞におけるCTGF/CCN2の機能と周期的伸長負荷の効果

    第29回日本骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • RANK結合タンパク質CCN2/CTGFはRANK-RANKLシグナルを促進する。

    第29回日本骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • CCN2 Promotes Osteoclastogenesis via Induction of and Interaction with DC-STAMP and via Interaction with RANK and Enhancing RANKL Signaling.

    Gordon Conference on Bones and Teeth  2011年 

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  • CCN2単独モジュールタンパク質の複合適用が軟骨細胞に与える効果の解析

    第24回日本軟骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • 関節軟骨発生におけるCCN3の役割

    第24回日本軟骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • マイクロRNAによる軟骨細胞形質制御とCCN1 (Cyr61) の関与

    第24回日本軟骨代謝学会  2011年 

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  • 線維芽細胞増殖因子(FGF)2刺激による軟骨細胞増殖促進作用に与える結合組織成長因子(CCN2/CTGF)の影響

    第23回日本軟骨代謝学会  2010年 

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)による軟骨細胞でのタンパク質輸送

    第28回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2010年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFとRANKの分子間相互作用も解析と骨代謝における意義

    第28回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2010年 

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  • マイクロRNA181-aによる軟骨細胞形質の制御とCCN1の関与

    第28回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2010年 

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  • Role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 (LRP1) in CCN2/connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) protein transportation in chondrocytes.

    Sixth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2010年 

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  • Expression and functional role of CCN3/NOV during articular cartilage development.

    Sixth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2010年 

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  • CCN2/CTGF binds to fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 and modulates its signaling.

    Sixth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2010年 

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  • Screening of CCN2-binding peptides and its scientific utility.

    Sixth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2010年 

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  • 前十字靱帯細胞におけるCTGF/CCN2の発現と周期的伸張刺激負荷の効果

    第 42回日本結合組織学会学術大会・第57回マトリックス研究会大会合同学術集会  2010年 

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  • Expression and functional role of NOV/CCN3 during articular cartilage development

    第28回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2010年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFはFGF2と結合することで軟骨細胞に対するFGF2作用を修飾する

    第28回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2010年 

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  • Role of miR-181a in endochondral ossification: Possible involvement of CCN1.

    IADR General Session  2010年 

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  • 成熟・分化に伴う軟骨細胞形質制御におけるマイクロRNAの役割

    第23回日本軟骨代謝学会  2010年 

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  • 前十字靭帯細胞におけるCTGF/CCN2の発現

    第23回日本軟骨代謝学会  2010年 

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  • ヒト前十字靱帯細胞におけるCTGF/CCN2の発現と周期的伸長負荷の効果

    第25回日本整形外科学会基礎学術集会  2010年 

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  • Multiple regulation of human CCN1 via the 3'-UTR (untranslated region) and its biological significance.

    Sixth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2010年 

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  • FGF2刺激による軟骨細胞増殖促進及びMMP13酵素活性上昇に与えるCCN2/CTGFの影響

    BMB2010 (第83回日本生化学会大会、第33回日本分子生物学会年会)  2010年 

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  • The role of CCN2/CTGF binding to receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) in the RANK-RANK ligand system

    BMB2010 (第83回日本生化学会大会、第33回日本分子生物学会年会)  2010年 

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  • マイクロRNAによる軟骨細胞形質制御とCCN1(Cyr61)の関与

    BMB2010 (第83回日本生化学会大会、第33回日本分子生物学会年会)  2010年 

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  • Role of the low-densitylipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) in CCN2 protein transportation in chondrocytes

    BMB2010 (第83回日本生化学会大会、第33回日本分子生物学会年会)  2010年 

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  • 軟骨細胞におけるCCN2遺伝子の転写後調節機構におけるNucleophosmin/B23の機能的意義

    第82回日本生化学会大会  2009年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFとFGFレセプターとの分子間相互作用

    第82回日本生化学会大会  2009年 

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  • CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) promotes osteoclastogenesis via interaction with dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein (DC-STAMP).

    31th Annual Meeting of the ASBMR  2009年 

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の軟骨細胞分化における作用機能

    第32回日本分子生物学会年会  2009年 

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の軟骨細胞分化における多面的作用機構

    第82回日本生化学会大会  2009年 

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  • 破骨細胞分化に与えるCCNファミリー2/結合組織成長因子(CCN2/CTGF)の促進作用

    第82回日本生化学会大会  2009年 

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  • 受容型チロシンキナーゼEphA4の軟骨細胞および骨芽細胞における機能

    第22回日本軟骨代謝学会  2009年 

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  • 軟骨細胞においてMMP3は核移行しCCN2/CTGFの転写活性化因子として働く。

    第22回日本軟骨代謝学会  2009年 

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  • 軟骨・血球系細胞間相互作用によるCCN2の誘導とその生理的意義

    第22回日本軟骨代謝学会  2009年 

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  • Expression and mechanisms of connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) induction in osteolytic jaw invasion of human oral squamous cell carcinoma.

    ORS 55th Annual Meeting,  2009年 

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  • CCNファミリー2/結合組織成長因子(CCN2/CTGF)はDC-STAMPの遺伝子発現レベルの上昇を介して破骨細胞形成を促進する。

    第27回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2009年 

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  • 長管骨組織発生·成長におけるEphA4の遺伝子発現と機能の解析

    第51回歯科基礎医学会  2009年 

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  • Nucleophosmin/B23によるChichen CCN2遺伝子の軟骨細胞特異的転写後調節

    第51回歯科基礎医学会  2009年 

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  • CCNファミリー遺伝子の転写後制御とその生物学的意義

    第3回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2009年 

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の軟骨細胞分化における多面的作用機構

    第3回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2009年 

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  • マイクロRNAによる成長板軟骨細胞特異的な遺伝子制御

    第3回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2009年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFとFGFレセプターとの結合およびその意義の解析

    第3回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2009年 

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  • 遺伝子発現の転写後調節の重要性:組織再生因子CCN2の場合

    岡山大学大学院医歯薬学総合研究科機能再生・再建科学専攻主催ミニシンポジウム  2009年 

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  • 成長板軟骨細胞後期分化に関与するマイクロRNAの探索

    第27回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2009年 

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  • 二次骨化中心形成過程に発生するオートファジー関連タンパクの局在

    第51回歯科基礎医学会  2009年 

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  • 骨軟骨再生因子であるCCN2/CTGFとFGFレセプターとの関連

    第19回中国、四国骨代謝研究会  2009年 

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  • The regulation of Ccn2/Ctgf gene via micro RNA18a, which suppresses chondrocytes differentiation.

    第2回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム,  2009年 

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  • CCN family 2/connective tissue growth factor modulates BMP signaling as a signal conductor, which action regulates the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes.

    第2回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム,  2009年 

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  • Chondrocyte-haemopoietic cell interaction that inducea CCN2 and its physiological significance.

    第2回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム,  2009年 

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  • Distribution, gene expression, and functional role of EphA4 during ossification.

    第2回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム,  2009年 

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  • Role of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 in regulation of chondrocyte differentiation.

    第2回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム,  2009年 

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  • CCN family proteins and micro RNAs: Extracellular and intracellular conductors of molecular networks.

    第2回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム,  2009年 

     詳細を見る

  • Micro RNA 18A regulates chondrocytic phenotype: Involvement of CCN2/CTGF as a major target gene.

    IBMS & ANZBMS 2009  2009年 

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  • 低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の軟骨細胞分化における機能とその作用機構

    第27回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2009年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFとFGF受容体との相互作用およびその生物学的意義

    第27回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2009年 

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  • CCNファミリー2/結合組織成長因子はBMPシグナルを修飾し,軟骨細胞増殖・分化を制御する。

    第22回日本軟骨代謝学会  2009年 

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  • Interaction of CCN2/CTGF with BMP-2 regulate the differentiation of human chondrocytic and osteoblastic cell line

    第一回岡山医療教育国際シンポジウム  2008年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFとBMP-2の相互作用が軟骨細胞の増殖と分化を制御する。

    BMB2008 第31回日本分子生物学会年会・第81回日本生化学会大会 合同大会  2008年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFとBMP-2の相互作用が軟骨細胞の増殖と分化を制御する。

    BMB2008 第31回日本分子生物学会年会・第81回日本生化学会大会 合同大会  2008年 

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  • マイクロRNA18aによるCcn2/Ctgf遺伝子の制御機構の解明とその軟骨分化における意義

    BMB2008 第31回日本分子生物学会年会・第81回日本生化学会大会 合同大会  2008年 

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  • 軟骨細胞分化における低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の関与

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

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  • 二次骨化中心形成過程の軟骨分化段階に発生するオートファジー関連タンパクの局在

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

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  • マイクロRNAによるCcn2/Ctgf遺伝子を介した軟骨細胞分化の制御機構の解明

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

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  • 骨再生因子CCN2/CTGFのモジュール別結合ペプチド配列の探索とその応用

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

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  • CCN2欠損マウスを用いた、CCN2およびCCN3によるPTHrP-Ihhループを介した軟骨細胞分化制御機構の解析

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

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  • 軟骨細胞および骨芽細胞におけるEphA4の発現とその意義

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

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  • Design, synthesis and characterization of CCN2/CTGF anchor peptides.

    BMB2008 第31回日本分子生物学会年会・第81回日本生化学会大会 合同大会  2008年 

     詳細を見る

  • Nicotine Induction of CCN2: from Smoking to Periodontal Fibrosis.

    第56回国際歯科研究学会日本部会学術大会  2008年 

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  • 結合組織増殖因子(CCN2/CTGF)と歯周組織との関係

    第21回日本歯科医学会総会  2008年 

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  • CCN2/CTGFによるBMP-2の軟骨細胞増殖・分化促進作用の制御

    第26回日本骨代謝学会学術集会  2008年 

     詳細を見る

  • Nucleophhosmin/B23: A multifunctional regulator that determines the fate of ccn2 mRNA.

    Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2008年 

     詳細を見る

  • Phage Display法によるCCN2/CTGFのモジュール別結合ペプチド配列の探索とその有用性

    第50回歯科基礎医学会学術大会  2008年 

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  • CCN2ノックアウトマウスを用いた骨芽細胞分化におけるCCNタンパク質の機能解析

    第67回日本矯正学会大会 2008.9.16-18.  2008年 

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  • 軟骨細胞分化におけるCCN2/CTGF受容体、低密度リポタンパク受容体関連タンパク-1(LRP1)の多面的関与

    第二回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2008年 

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  • 血小板に含まれるCCN2の由来:造血・間葉系相互作用によるCCN2の蓄積

    第二回日本CCNファミリー研究会  2008年 

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  • 乳癌および軟骨肉腫細胞におけるMicro RNA 18aのCCN2遺伝子発現抑制様態の比較解析

    第67回日本癌学会総会  2008年 

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  • ニコチンがヒト歯周組織由来細胞に与える線維化への影響について

    日本歯周病学会 秋季学術大会  2008年 

     詳細を見る

  • Novel transcriptional regulation of CCN2/CTGF by nuclear translocated MMP3.

    Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2008年 

     詳細を見る

  • Roles of CCN2 in skeletal growth and regeneration - requirement for both endochondral and intramembranous bone formation.

    Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2008年 

     詳細を見る

  • Regulation of chondrocytic phenotype by micro RNA 18a: Involvement of Ccn/Ctgf as a major target gene.

    Fifth International Workshop on the CCN Family of Genes  2008年